The T129 is a twin-engine multi-role attack helicopter designed and manufactured jointly by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) and Italy-based AgustaWestland to meet the requirements of Turkish Armed Forces. It is built based on its predecessor A129 Mangusta platform.
A prototype of the helicopter crashed on 19 March 2010 while executing hover tests. The crash occurred due to loss of power in its tail rotor while flying at an altitude of 1,500ft (457m) near Verbania in northern Italy.
T129 attack helicopter design
The T129 can execute a range of missions, including combat, armed reconnaissance, armed escort, deep strike, fire support, precision strike, security and suppression of enemy air defences. It can operate in both day and night operations in adverse weather conditions.
The aircraft is fitted with a five-bladed, 11.9m-diameter main rotor, a two-bladed tail rotor, wheeled landing gear, a laser designator, a laser spot tracker, a colour television camera, a multiple target tracking and emergency locator-transmitter.
Development of the A129 to T129
The Turkish Armed Forces awarded a $3bn contract to TAI in March 2007 to buy 51 (plus 40 optional) A129 Mangusta helicopters from AgustaWestland.
Agusta A129 Mangusta: Details
TAI modifies and assembles the A129 in Turkey to produce the T129 helicopter.
TUBITAK (Turkish State Research Organization), METEKSAN Savunma Sanayii and Bilkent University formed a joint venture in July 2007 to build a modern millimetre wave radar for the T129. The final agreement was signed in September 2007.
The development of the T129 began in July 2008 under the ATAK helicopter programme. The maiden flight of the T129 prototype P1 took place on 28 September 2009 at AgustaWestland’s facilities in Vergiate, Italy.
One out of the 51 helicopters built by TAI was retained by the Turkish Ministry of Defence for testing and future development. The remaining helicopters are being delivered to Turkey in two different configurations TUC-1 (30) and TUC-2 (20).
The Turkish Armed Forces received the first T129 ATAK from TAI in May 2014. TAI concluded the delivery of the first fleet of nine T129 ATAK helicopters in July 2015.
TURKEY ACCEPTS MİLDAR MILLIMETRIC WAVE RADAR FOR T129 ATAK: Here
Turkey’s state-owned Anadolu Agency reports that the Turkish Undersecretariat of Defence Industries (SSM) has formally accepted the Meteksan Savunma MİLDAR millimetric wave (mmW) radar for use on the Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) T129 ATAK attack helicopter.
The SSM commissioned Meteksan to develop the MİLDAR in 2013. In December 2016, Meteksan and TAI began testing the MİLDAR from onboard the T129 ATAK. Meteksan aimed to see serial production of the MİLDAR commence in 2018 or 2019.
A mmW radar is an extremely high frequency (EHF) radar capable of transmitting radio waves from 30 to 300 GHz. Lower power requirements enable for relatively compact and lightweight radar suites, suitable for lightweight aircraft. The MİLDAR, like other mmW radars, can augment electro-optical and infrared (EO/IR) sensors in searching, identifying and engaging targets on land.
Meteksan Mildar Milimetric Wave Radar
Shooting Control Radar (AKR) is a radar that operates at millimeter wave frequencies, providing shot control capability and navigation assistance for off-road helicopters. It can detect and follow targets in bad weather conditions day or night, and can show obstacles in front of the platform by providing height information. AKR has low power, weight and dimensions as well as low probability of catching.
AKR has two functions:
Shooting Control Function
AKR detects moving targets quickly and is starting to follow. AKR, pilota offers pilots on the radar screen for possible targets that create 360 degrees state awareness. At the same time, the helicopter increases attack and rescue abilities by allowing multiple targets to be engaged.
Terrain Profile Creation Function
It is important to determine the altitude and obstacles in the navigational platform of the helicopter platform in terms of navigation safety. With this function, the radar pilot will scan the direction and angle range desired and present the terrain profile in real time with Pilota. The profile produced is updated periodically to prevent any losses that can occur especially on low flights.
Helicopter Attack Power 4th Floor, Defense Power Increased 7 times with Mildar Fire Control Radar to be Integrated with Weapon Systems. Mildar will be able to provide Land Elevation Information in addition to the Multi-Target Tracking Function in order to support Pilot Navigation in the difficult terrain conditions where the Terrain Profiling Function and the View Distance. Radar Under the Conditions Where Electro-Optic Systems Are Inadequate A large area can detect and track targets by fast and efficient automatic searching and transfer target information to weapon systems, even in difficult weather conditions.
Automatic Landing and Departure System Radar OKIS is being developed as a sensor system to be used in the safe landing and take-off of unmanned aerial vehicles. Designed as a single impact radar, the OKIS will provide precise position information to the automatic takeoff landing system. The system can be used in ANHA as well as other national HRA.
The RESTORE will have SAR (Artificial Spatial Radar) in addition to the target detection and tracking function. The radar system, which will provide detailed analysis of the user’s standing targets with the SAR (Artificial Spatial Radar) mode, will also prevent the aircraft from impacting the terrain obstacle along the flight directions thanks to the land profile extraction feature. The radar system’s mode of land profile creation and detection and tracking modes of air and land vehicles can operate at the same time.
BOTH RAIL will be used in unmanned aerial vehicles with low utility load capacity. The system can also be used as a fire control radar in armed RPEs.
The related prototypes to be developed within the scope of the project are mounted on T129 helicopter and ANKA platforms for testing purposes and the activities related to the trial are carried out by Meteksan Defense and subcontractor TAI. Deliveries are scheduled for April 2017, June 2018 and September 2019, respectively.
Helicopter MİLDAR’s features are as follows:
- Target detection tracking function,
- Multiple target detection,
- Slow and fast scanning,
- High resolution and range resolution,
- 12 km range for target detection and tracking in slow scan mode,
- Low volume, weight and power requirements,
- Real-time ARPO image,
- Creating a land profile of 2,5 km in the mountains,
- Navigation support
Translated by Google – Source: millisavunma.com
T129 (ATAK) helicopter awaiting signature for export to Pakistan and proposal has already been submitted to Thailand: Here
The T129 Advanced Attack and Tactical Reconnaissance Helicopter (ATAK) is awaiting a final signature needed to launch its export to Pakistan. An export proposal for the helicopter has already been drawn up and submitted to authorities in Thailand.
Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) General Manager Temel Kotil stated that Pakistan has agreed to purchase 30 ATAK helicopters, although formal procedures are still being completed. The company is soon expected to sign a purchase agreement with the Pakistani government, Kotil said.
He referred to Pakistani Prime Minister Shadid Khaqan Abbasi’s visit to Turkey last month, when he, as a personal pilot, examined the T129 ATAK and took it on a test flight.
The TUC-1 is fitted with native electronic warfare and countermeasures, Aselsan Asel FLIR-300, and foreign missiles. The TUC-2 is additionally fitted with Roketsan UMTAS missiles, and Roketsan Cirit Laser guided 2.75in rockets.
Aselsan Asel FLIR-300T
ASELFLIR-300T is a high performance electro-optical reconnaissance, surveillance and targeting system designed for fixed-wing and rotary-wing airborne platforms, including Unmanned Air Systems (UASs), helicopters and aircrafts. ASELFLIR300T consists of
- High Resolution Infrared Camera
- Laser Range Finder/ Designator (LRF/D)
- Laser Spot Tracker
- Color Day TV Camera
- Spotter TV Camera.
There exists also a laser Pointer configuration which replaces the Color Day TV Camera. The System consists of the following Line replaceable Units (LRUs)
- Turret Unit
- Electronic Unit
- Hand Control Unit(Optional)
- Boresight Unit (Ground Support Equipment)
- Reconnaissance and Surveillance
- Superior Range Performance
- High Resolution IR Camera
- IR camera resolution of 1440×576
- Better image quality and better range
- Zoom Day TV Camera (Optional Selection Instead of Laser Pointer)
- 3-CCD Spotter TV Camera
- Spotter TV camera sensor is 3-CCD, i.e. 3 separate CCDs for Red, Green, Blue color channels for better image quality and better range
- 3 times more sensor pixels used than 1-CCD cameras
- Laser Range Finder and Target Designator
- Laser Pointer (Optional Selection Instead of Zoom Day TV Camera)
- Laser Spot Tracker
- External Boresight Unit (Optional)
- Advanced Image Processing
- Multi Target Tracking
- Simultaneous Target Tracking on IR and TV (Zoom Day TV or Spotter TV) Videos
- Accurate Target Geo-Location
- Determination of Coarse and Speed of Moving Target
- Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)
- Accurate 4-Axis Stabilization
- Automatic Alignment with Platform
- Internal Heating/Cooling
- Hand Control Unit (Optional)
- Nose-Up and Nose-Down Configurations
|IR Camera Resolution||1440×576|
|Fields of View (FOVs)
|IR: 1.75° – 6.4° – 30°|
|Zoom Day TV: 2° – 40°|
|Spotter TV: 0.8°|
|Field of Regard (FOR)||Azimuth: 360° continuous|
Elevation: -50° to +150°
Elevation: +20° to -105°
|Laser Range Finder and Target Designator||Range: up to 20 km
Wavelength: 1064 nm
Repetition rate: up to 20 Hz
|Laser Pointer||Wavelength: NIR|
|Laser Spot Tracker||Wavelength: 1064 nm|
|Communication Interface||MIL-STD-1553B, RS-422|
|Video Interface||3x Analog PAL/CCIR
1x Digital (Optional)
|Power Interface||28 VDC|
Diameter: 534 mm
Height: 633 mm
|Weight||Turret Unit: 95 kg
Electronics Unit: 23 kg
Night Vision System
The ATAK helicopter can detect and fire the target at a long distance thanks to the new generation night vision system and advanced thermal vision system. The helicopter features ASELSAN’s original production ASELFLIR-300T day and night thermal sighting and targeting system and Hunter cascade sighting system.
It is possible to carry the visemen just in front of the view of all flight indicators and reference information needed with the cascade integrated vision system produced with completely national possibilities. So the pilot can focus directly on the target without being too busy to show. The hunting system is directed to the point where the nose of the helicopter looks at the pilot. In this way, the pilot is able to shoot before the enemy. The helicopter also has a super system that can calculate the location of the bullet. Translated by google – Source netkale.blogspot.com
The helicopter can survive in the battlefield through the integration of survivability equipment, which includes countermeasure dispensing systems, a missile warning system, a laser warning system, a radio frequency jammer, a radar warning receiver (RWR), infra-red countermeasures, and a suite central processing system (SCPS).
The T129 features a digital cockpit, which accommodates two crew members.
The cockpit has two colour multifunctional displays (MFD), a keyboard display unit, and a night-vision helmet mounted display system (HMDS).
A flight data recorder (FDR), mission planning ground station (MPGS), weapon control units (WCU), integrated standby instrument systems, and an air vehicle monitoring system (AVMS) are also installed in the aircraft.
The T-129 is equipped with an advanced avionics suite, which includes a dual avionics central control computer (ACCC), an automatic flight control system (AFCS), an air data computer (ADC), an inertial navigation system (INS), a global positioning system (GPS) and a digital moving map (DMP).
It is also fitted with a voice encryption system, a data and image transmission system (DITS), and a DAS suite with passive and active countermeasures.
Aselsan was chosen by the Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) of Turkey in April 2010 to design and build the Helmet Integrated Cueing System (HICS) along with the electronic unit and software for the T129.
The helicopter also has communication systems with national encryption capability, digital video recording system and digital map applications.
ASELSAN AVCI KASK (HELMET)
ASELSAN AVCI System is a system solution developed for attack helicopter pilots. Ease of use, ergonomic design, symbology and video display, head tracking capabilities, the AVCI system significantly reduces pilot workload during the mission.
The AVCI System displays pilots on platform flight information, weapon symbologies, target detection system (FLIR) and night vision images, and close-up viewfinder integrated into the flight helmet.
The AVCI System consists of four main parts: the Electronic Unit, the Head Unit, the Cockpit Modules and the Control Panel for optional head.
The AVCI System basically consists of Head Unit, Electronic Unit and Head Tracking System subunits. It was developed entirely nationally and originally by ASELSAN in accordance with “Open Architecture” structure and Military Environmental Conditions. The high-precision Hybrid Head Tracking System developed under the AVCI Project is the world’s first Hybrid (optic-atalted) head tracking system integrated into a helicopter platform. With the Hybrid Head Tracking System, pilot head movements are detected and the target detection system on the helicopter and all weapon systems are immediately directed to the pilot’s point of view.
The performance, ground, flight and shot tests of the AVCI Kaska Integrated Control System have been successfully carried out on the T-129 ATAK attack helicopter and serial production is still continuing.
The AVCI system fulfills the following functions during the task
- Depending on the selections you made during the Pilota mission, day and night conditions
- Video, symbology, night vision images.
- Depending on the pilot’s head movements, FLIR, guns and other equipment can be commanded to produce head tracking information
- Customized helmet structure for the pilot’s head.
- Protecting the pilot’s head and face from impact and particles.
Functional and Technical Specifications
- 6U VME structure in custom ATR dimensions
- Ability to produce symbology
- Overlapping of symbology and video
- Video processing
- 2 analog video inputs, 1 analog video output
- 2 cameralink entries
- 1 spare MIL-STD-1553 interface
- Ethernet and serial (RS-232 / RS-422 / RS-485) interfaces
- ARINC 429 Input / Output interface
- Discrete input / output interfaces
- 28 VDC supply voltage
- Personalized, comfortable flight helmet for the pilot
- Impact and acoustic protection
- Transparent and sun visors
- Night Visibility
- 40o Field of view
- Overlap rate for video and night vision images is 100%
Translated by google – Source millisavunma.com
The helicopter is armed with four hard-points which can accommodate 1,200kg (300kg each) of payload. It is fitted with a 20mm three-barrel Gatling-type cannon which can fire 500 rounds.
The aircraft also has 12.7mm gun pods, anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) and air-to-air missiles (AAM), 70mm rockets and guided rockets.
- Guns: 1× 20 mm (0.787 in) three-barrel gatling-type cannon (500 rounds)
- Hardpoints: 4 and provisions to carry combinations of:
- Rockets: maximum 4 pods with
- 38× 81 mm (3.19 in) unguided rockets or
- 76× 70 mm (2.75 in) unguided rockets or
- 12.7 mm (0.50 in) machine gun pod
- 8× AGM-114 Hellfire, BGM-71 TOW, Hydra 70, Spike-ER, UMTAS, OMTAS, anti-tank and anti-armor missiles and Sura D/Snora.
- 12x Roketsan Cirit
- 2× AIM-92 Stinger or Mistral or AIM-9 Sidewinder anti-aircraft missiles
- Rockets: maximum 4 pods with
1 x 20mm three-barrel Gatling-type cannon
81 mm (3.19 in) or 70 mm (2.75 in) unguided rockets pod
81 mm (3.19 in) or 70 mm (2.75 in) unguided rockets
12.7 mm (0.50 in) machine gun pod
Primary Function: Air-to-surface and surface-to-surface point target/anti-armor missile
Prime Contractor: Hellfire Systems, LLC – A Boeing – Lockheed Martin Joint Venture
Propulsion: ATK (now Orbital ATK) solid propellant rocket motor (IM HELLFIRE Propulsion System);
AGM-114A: ATK M120E3; AGM-114B: ATK M120E4; AGM-114L: ATK M120E4
Length: 5.33 ft (1.62 m); AGM-114L: 5.77 ft (1.76 m)
Diameter: 7 in (17.8 cm)
Wingspan: 28 in (0.71 m)
Weight: 98 to 109 lbs (44.5 to 49.4 kg); AGM-114R: 109 lbs (49.4 kg)
Range: AGM-114 K/L/M/N: 4.97 miles (8,000 m)
AGM-114R fired at 3,000 ft (914 m):
4.97 miles (8,000 m) – LOAL, high trajectory
4.41 miles (7,100 m) – LOAL, low/direct trajectory
Guidance: Semi-Active Laser (SAL) seeker; AGM-114L: Millimeter wave (MMW) radar seeker
Warhead: AGM-114 A/C/F/K/K-2/L/P/P+: Shaped charge warhead
AGM-114F-A/K-2A/P-2A: Shaped charge warhead with frag sleeve
AGM-114M/N: Blast fragmentation warhead (AGM-114N is a thermobaric version with metal augmentation charge)
AGM-114R: Multi-purpose Integrated Blast Frag Sleeve (IBFS) warhead
The BGM-71 TOW (Tube-launched, Optically-tracked and Wire-guided) missiles are designed to accurately destroy armored vehicles, fortifications and bunkers from safe ranges. Raytheon has produced more than 600,000 TOW missiles over the last 30 years for more than 40 international armed forces around the globe. The TOW missiles have been integrated in more than 15,000 ground vehicles and helicopters.
The BGM-71F TOW2B was delivered in 1992 featuring increased lethality against armored battle tanks. The TOW2B missile attacks tanks from the top where the tank’s armor is weak. TOW2B also features a dual mode sensor and is equipped with two new warheads. It flies over the top of the tank to destroy it from above. The two Explosively Formed Penetrator warheads explode downward reaching immediately the tank’s roof. Source deagel.com
Primary Function: Heavy anti-armor/assault missile
Prime Contractor: Raytheon Co.
Propulsion: Orbital ATK Launch Motor (Booster) + Flight motor
Length: 3.97 ft (1.21 m)
Diameter: 5.8 in (14.7 cm)
Wingspan: 18 in (46 cm)
Weight: 50.5 lbs (22.9 kg)
Speed: 440 mph (705 km/h)
Time of Flight: 23 seconds
Range: TOW 2B: 2.33 miles (3.75 km); TOW-2B Aero: 2.80 miles (4.5 km)
Guidance System: Optically-tracked, wire-guided
Warhead: Two Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) warheads – forward/aft
In the following, the nine main variants of the Hydra-70 rocket are presented:
The M151 HEPD is a unitary fragmenting 10-pound anti-personnel, anti-material warhead with the M423 Point Detonating Fuze. Upon detonation, the warhead fragments into thousands of small high velocity fragments. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.
The M156 white phosphorus (smoke) is primarily used for target marking. The M156 has the same ballistic characteristics as the M151 warhead and is of similar construction. Filler for the M156 is 2.2 pounds of white phosphorus with a 0.12 pound bursting charge of composition B. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.65 pounds.
M229 High Explosive:
The M229 High Explosive warhead is a heavier version of the M151. The U.S. Army is currently not buying this variant. The fuzed warhead is 26″ long and weighs 17 pounds.
The M255A1 Flechette warhead consists of a nose cone assembly, a warhead case, an integral fuze, 1,179 60-grain flechettes and an expulsion charge assembly. The primary fuze (M439) is remotely set with the Aerial Rocket Control System (ARCS) Multifunctional Display (MFD) or Rocket Management System (RMS) to provide a range from 500 meters to 7,200 meters. At expulsion, the 1,179 60-grain, hardened-steel flechettes separate and form a disk-like mass which breaks up with each flechette assuming an independent trajectory. The flechette uses kinetic energy derived from the velocity of the rocket to produce the desired impact and penetration of the target. The fuzed warhead is 26.9″ long and weighs 14 pounds.
M257 Illuminating Flare:
The M257 Illuminating warhead is designed to provide battlefield illumination and does not require the use of Infrared (IR) goggles. The M257 flare rocket can be launched by from either fixed wing or rotary-wing aircraft. The M442 motor burnout fuze functions after a 9-second delay. The fuzed warhead is 29.1″ long and weighs 11 pounds.
M261 Multi-Purpose Submunition (MPSM):
The MPSM warhead (weight is 13.9 pounds) provides improved lethal effectiveness against area targets such as light armor, wheeled vehicles, materiel, and personnel. The M73 Submunitions are deployed over the target and descend almost vertically. The M261 Warhead is a cargo warhead consisting of a nose cone assembly, a case, integral fuze, nine submunitions, and an expulsion charge assembly. The primary M439 warhead fuze is remotely set with the Aerial Rocket Control System (ARCS), Multifunctional Display (MFD) or Rocket Management System (RMS) to provide a range from 500 meters to 7,200 meters.
M264 RP Smoke:
The M264 RP (red phosphorous) Smoke is used as a red phosphorous filled smoke rocket propelled by the Mk 66 motor and the smoke is deployed at a range set remotely from within the aircraft cockpit. The M264 warhead is used for smoke obscuration in the visible light spectrum. The fuzed warhead is 26.9″ long and weighs 8.6 pounds.
M274 Smoke Signature (practice):
The M274 warhead is a smoke/flash signature practice warhead used for pilot/gunner training missions and consists of a cast iron warhead modified with vent holes, an aluminum nose cap with firing pin, a M423 fuze safe and arming device, and a smoke/flash cartridge. The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.
M278 Infrared Flare:
The M278 Infrared Flare warhead is designed for battlefield illumination for use with Infrared (IR) goggles. The flare rockets can be launched from either fixed wing or rotary-wing aircraft. The 442 motor burnout fuze functions after a 9-second delay. The fuzed warhead is 29.1″ long and weighs 11 pounds.
The fuzed warhead is 16.2″ long and weighs 9.3 pounds.
Spike-ER anti-tank missile
The SPIKE-ER, formerly known as the NTD, is a multi-platform anti-tank missile with an extended range over previous SPIKE missiles. It has been designed to be mounted on ground vehicles, helicopters, and naval vessels. It seeker combines electro-optical sensors (IR/CCD-TV) and a fiber optic data link to achieve fire and forget and directed launch modes. Using the fiber optic data link the SPIKE-ER missile is able to perform battle damage assessment, in-flight retargeting, identification friend or foe, attacks without collateral damage and pinpoint accuracy strikes.
In June 2004, EuroSpike GmbH, a joint venture between Diehl (40%), Rheinmetall (40%), and Rafael (20%), was created to support Spike family of anti-armor missiles sales to European customers.
The SPIKE-ER missile operates day/night, in all weather conditions. Its tandem warhead ensures neutralization of ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) protected targets. A single missile launcher weighs about 58 kg, and the 4-missile launcher for helicopters weighs 187 kg. A wooden round SPIKE-ER missile weighs 33 kg.
The SPIKE-ER long range anti-tank missile is currently deployed in Israel Armed Forces. The SPIKE-ER is the Israeli counterpart to proven Hellfire long range anti-tank missile.
Diameter: 170 millimeter (6.69 inch)
Length: 1,670 millimeter (66 inch)
Max Range: 8,000 meter (4.32 nautical mile)
Min Range: 400 meter
Weight: 33 kilogram (73 pound)
UMTAS anti-tank missile
UMTAS, developed by Roketsan primarily for use from attack helicopters is an anti-tank missile system. It is, with the advanced technology it has, highly effective against all armored threats in the field
Properties of the Product
- UMTAS, with its Imaging Infrared Seeker and Laser Seeker options, is an anti-tank missile, having a range of 8 km and lock on before/after launch and “fire and forget/fire and update” properties, used against armored targets, from air to ground as well as ground to ground.
- Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
- Tandem Warhead Effective Against Reactive Armors
- Integration to Various Platforms (helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Attack Aircraft, Naval Platform)
- IIR or Laser Seeker Options
- Lock on Before / After – Launch
- Fire and Forget / Fire and Update Properties
- RF Data Link
- Smokeless Composite Solid Propellant
UMTAS, which was developed by Roketsan primary for use from attack helicopters, is an antitank missile system. With its advanced technology it is highly effective against all armored threats in the field.
UMTAS, with its maximum range of 8 km and minimum range of 500 m is capable of operating all weather conditions and day/night.
UMTAS, which can be used in Fire and Forget and Fire and Update modes, with the flexibility provided by its target update capability, offers to fire behind the mask position, fire against targets hiding behind mask and adjust hit point and damage assesment capability. UMTAS, defined as the official antitank system of the National Attack Helicopter (T – 129) under development, can be integrated to various platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)
|Max. Rangel||8 km|
|Min. Range||0,5 km|
|Propellant Type||HTPB-Based Reduced Smoke Composite Propellant|
|Warhead Type||Insensitive Tandem Warhead Effective Against Armor with Reactive Protection|
|Guidance||Imager Infrared (IIR) or Laser|
|Target Types||Heavy Armored / Armored Vehicles|
|Platforms||Helicopters (AH – 1 W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s, Land Vehicles, Light Attack Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms|
Sura D rocket
2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT
Properties of the Product
CİRİT, is a missile with the longest range in its class which provides a superior precision against light, armored/unarmored and stationary/mobile targets as well as being a cost effective solution.
- The 2.75″ Missile with the Longest Range
- Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
- Multi Purpose (Armor Piercing, Anti Personnel and Incendiary) Warhead
- Integration to Various Platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)
- Standard Mode and Smart Mode Pod Integration
- Not a Guidance Kit, New Generation All-Up Round Missile System
- Composite Propellent Technology with Reduced Smoke
In the Inventory of Turkish Armed Forces
2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT was designed for the purpose of filling the gap between cheap, unguided rockets with low precision and the high cost, guided anti-tank missiles.
CİRİT can be fired from standard CİRİT POD developed by Roketsan and as well as from Smart Pod. Smart Pod increases the capability envelope of CİRİT missile for inventory information exchange through the platform it possess prior to launch.
CİRİT is stored in the canister which facilities loading and unloading.
CİRİT, by means of its aerodynamic shape and composite solid propellant rocket motor, has the longest range in its class, 8 km, as compared to classic 2.75” unguided rockets.
Moreover, CİRİT missile offers options, such as multipurpose warhead (Armor Piercing Anti-personnel and Incendiary) as well as High Explosive warhead.
CİRİT system defined as the official missile system of National Attack Helicopter (T – 129) under development and can be also integrated to various platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform).
|Diameter||2.75″ (70 mm)|
|Maximum Range||8 km|
|Minimum Range||1,5 km|
|Weight||15 kg (Without tube complete)|
|Propellant Type||HTPB Based, Smokeless, Composite Solid Propellant|
|Warhead Type||Multi Purpose Warhead, Armor Piercing, Personnel, Incendiary|
|Warhead Type||High Explosive Warhead|
|Guidance||Mid – Phase Guidance with MEMS – AÖB|
|Guidance||Terminal Guidance with Semi-Active Laser Seeker|
|Target Types||Light Armored / Unarmored Vehicles, Stationary and Moving Targets, Bunkers|
|Platforms||Helicopters (AH – 1W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s, Land Vehicles, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms|
FIM-92A Stinger Weapons System
The Stinger system consists of a Stinger round encased in its launch tube and a separate gripstock assembly.
The “fire-and-forget” Stinger missile employs a passive infrared seeker to home in on its airborne target. A passive infrared seeker emits no radiation that a target aircraft can detect, and, instead, guides on the infrared energy (heat) emitted by the target. Because the Stinger employs a passive homing seeker, it is a “fire-and-forget” weapon that needs no guidance from the operator after firing, unlike other missiles that track the reflection of a designator beam, requiring the operator to maintain a lock on the target. This allows a Stinger operator to take cover, relocate, or engage other targets immediately after firing a Stinger.
The Stinger system features a proportional navigation system, integrated Indentification Friend or Foe (IFF) interrogation, and threat adaptive guidance. Proportional navigation enables the missile to effectively hit moving targets by injecting a multiplier factor into course corrections so that the missile overcorrects for a target’s evasive maneuvers, leading the target to a successful interception. The integrated IFF subsystem allows the Stinger operator to query a target aircraft to determine if it is friendly. Before firing, the operator depresses a button on the gripstock assembly, emitting a coded radio signal. Aircraft equipped with friendly IFF systems will recognize the coded signal and respond with the appropriate coded reply. The IFF subsystem emits one tone if it authenticates a friendly aircraft, and another if the aircraft is unknown. The IFF subsystem is intended to prevent friendly-fire incidents. The Stinger’s threat adaptive guidance takesover in the final stages of its approach to the target, slightly shifting the missile’s aim from the target’s IR hotspot to more vulnerable areas of the aircraft.
The Air-to-Air Stinger [ATAS] is an adaption of the man portable Stinger System. It is a light weight missile designed to engage low altitude targets.
|Manufacturer||Prime – Hughes Missile System Company
Missile – General Dynamics /Raytheon Corporation
|Propulsion||Dual thrust solid fuel rocket motor|
|Length||5 feet (1.5 meters)|
|Width||5.5 inches (13.96 centimeters)|
|Weight||12.5 pounds (5.68 kilograms)|
|Weight fully armed||34.5 pounds (15.66 kg)|
|Maximum system span||3.6 inches (9.14 cm)|
|Range||1 to 8 kilometers|
|Sight ring||10 mils|
|Fuzing||Penetration, impact, self destruct|
|Ceiling||10,000 feet (3.046 kilometers)|
|Speed||Supersonic in flight|
|USMC Units||Low-Altitude Air Defense (LAAD) Battalions: 3 active duty, 2 reserve|
|Guidance system||Fire-and-forget passive infrared seeker|
|Rate of fire||1 missile every 3 to 7 seconds|
|Type of fire||“Fire-and-Forget”|
Mistral ATAM air-to-air missile
MISTRAL ATAM is based on the MISTRAL missile with its fire-and-forget engagement mode, ease of operation and unrivalled kill probability.
The system is based on two launchers, each bearing two missiles and can be connected to the helicopter’s combat system, when mounted on combat helicopters, or through simplified control equipment if installed on multi-purpose helicopters.
In both cases, it is characterised by simplicity of operation, a very low crew workload and a high level of performance.
The system can be operated within the whole flight envelope of the launch helicopter, at speeds of up to 200 knots and at altitudes exceeding 15,000 ft.
MISTRAL ATAM ensures a large off-boresight capability, together with the ability to aim the missile seeker very precisely at a given target.
The missile has a shaped trajectory in order to intercept targets top-down or at long range, the crew can also select the proximity fuze mode.
MISTRAL ATAM is currently the only helicopter mounted air-to-air missile in full operational service.
MISTRAL ATAM is operated by the French Army Aviation on the Gazelle and is also in service on the Tiger attack helicopter. Integration onto India’s HAL Rudra helicopter is underway. Source mbda-systems.com
|Missile length||1.86 m|
|Missile diameter||0.09 m|
|Fin span||0.18 m|
|Missile weight||18.7 kg|
|Missile weight in container||21.4 kg|
|Weight with launcher||41 kg|
|Warhead weight||3 kg|
|Warhead type||High Explosive|
|Range of fire||6 km|
|Altitude of fire||3 km|
AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missile
The Lima was followed in production in 1982 by the AIM-9M, which is essentially an improved AIM-9L. The Mike has improved background rejection, counter-countermeasures capability and a low smoke motor to reduce the visual signature of the inbound weapon. The AIM-9M has the all-aspect capability of the AIM-9L model, but provides all-around higher performance. The M model has infra-red countermeasures, enhanced background discrimination capability, and a reduced-smoke rocket motor. Deliveries of the initial AIM-9M-1 began in 1982. The only changes from the AIM-9L to the AIM-9M were related to the Raytheon Guidance Control Section (GCS). Several models were introduced in pairs with even numbers designating US Navy versions and odd for US Air Force. All AIM-9M GCS are comprised of three major assemblies; a seeker assembly for detecting and tracking the target; an electronics assembly for processing detected target information; and a servo assembly that transforms electrical tracking signals to mechanical movement of the fins. An umbilical cable assembly provides electrical interface between the missile GCS and the aircraft launcher. The umbilical I-3 cable also allows the flow of coolant from the LAU-7 to the missile GCS. AIM-9M GCS versions include the WGU-4A/B used in the AIM-9M-1 and AIM-9M-3, the WGU-4C/B used in the AIM-9M-4, the WGU-4D/B used in the AIM-9M-6, and the WGU-4E/B GCS used in the AIM-9M-8. The WGU-4E/B GCS uses advanced technology that has evolved through the WGU-4D/B development, while expanding the potential of the IRCM detection circuitry and improving the missile’s capability with respect to tactical IRCM deployment. Source scramble.nl
The T129 is powered by two LHTEC T800-4A turboshaft engines. Each engine can produce 1,014kW of output power. The T800-4A is an export version of the CTS800 engine.
A full authority digital engine control system reduces the work load of the pilot by executing autopilot operations.
The engine has a length and diameter of 0.85m and 0.56m respectively and weighs 154kg.
2 x LHTEC T800-4A turboshaft engine
The CTS800 engine features a modular design combining an advanced technology twin spool compressor, annular combustor, and bladed four stage turbine. Operating the engine in the world’s most austere environments is possible due to the integrated particle separator inlet. Coupled with a highly redundant, dual channel Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC ) system the CTS800 is one of the safest engines in operation today.
|Power shp (kW)||1,362 (1,015)|
|Length in (m)||33.9 (0.86)|
|Diameter in (m)||22.1 (0.56)|
|Basic weight lb (Kg)||375 (170)|
|Applications||Shinmaywa US-2 BLC, AgustaWestland Super Lynx, AgustaWestland Lynx MK9A, AgustaWestland AW159 Lynx Wilcat, AgustaWestland ATAK Team T129, Sikorsky X-2 demonstrator|
The T129 can climb at a rate of 14m/s. Its maximum cruise speed is 269km/h. The normal and ferry range of the helicopter are 561km and 1,000km, respectively.
The service ceiling of the helicopter is 6,096m. Its maximum endurance is three hours.
Main material source army-technology.com
|Wing weapons stores||
4 x 300
4 x 661
|PERFORMANCE: ENGINES – 2 X LHTEC CTS800-4A WITH FADEC|
|Maximum cruise speed||
|Power take off||
|Hover IGE (ISA)||
|Hover OGE (ISA)||
Technical data leonardocompany.com
Revised May 15, 2017
Updated Nov 15, 2017