When the system is used the roof of a train carriage opens and a missile is raised vertically into the air before it is fired at its target
BY CHRIS KITCHING
11:19, 23 NOV 2016
UPDATED11:57, 23 NOV 2016
Russia is strengthening its military arsenal by bringing back “nuclear trains” which can launch intercontinental missiles that are hidden in carriages.
Plans for the Barguzin “railway-based combat rocket system” are moving to the next stage as escalating tensions between Russia and Nato countries have sparked fears of a new war.
Military sources told Russian news agencies that the trains will be able to carry up to six Yars or Yars-M thermonuclear ballistic missiles and launchers.
Once the system is fully operational the roof of a carriage will open and a missile will be raised vertically into the air before it is fired at its target.
Plans for the mobile missile system were announced around two years ago, and early testing has been hailed as a success.
The missile trains could enter service as early as 2018 once further tests are completed.
A source told Moscow-based Interfax that the early tests were conducted at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in north-western Russia two weeks ago.
The source said: “They were fully successful, paving the way for the start of flight tests.”
Flight tests are likely to begin in 2017, the source added.
Last year the government-owned daily newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta reported that the trains could travel up to 600 miles a day and be hidden in tunnels so they couldn’t be detected by planes or satellites.
Colonel General Sergei Karakayev, commander of Russia’s Strategic Missile Forces, previously told the country’s media that the Barguzin system would be far better than its predecessor in terms of accuracy, range and missiles.
He said the system could remain in service until 2040.
The Barguzin system is based on a similar Cold War-era system which could launch RT-23 Molodets missiles from a silo or train carriage which looked like a refrigerator car.
Twelve trains could carry three missiles each and were stationed in the Kostroma, Perm and Krasnoyarsk regions.
Production in Ukraine stopped after the Soviet Union broke apart in 1991. The silo-based missiles were deactivated a few years later and the last of the rail-based missiles were withdrawn from service in Russia in 2005.
Meanwhile, Russia and President Vladimir Putin have been accused of stoking tensions after moving anti-ship missiles to disputed Pacific islands off Japan and Kaliningrad, which borders Nato countries Lithuania and Poland.
Original post mirror.co.uk
Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missile system features
The RS-24 Yars also known as RT-24 Yars or Topol’-MR(Russian: PC-24 «Ярс», NATO reporting name: SS-29) is a Russian MIRV-equipped, thermonuclear weapon intercontinental ballistic missile first tested on May 29, 2007, after a secret military R&D project, to replace the older R-36 and UR-100N that have been in use for nearly 50 years. RS-24 is a missile that is heavier than the current Topol-M, and which some reports say can carry up to 10 independently targetable warheads. The 2007 tests were publicized as a response to the missile shield that the United States were planning to deploy in Europe. RS-24 has been deployed operationally since 2010. Source wikiwand.com
The RS-24 Yars is a Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. It is an improved version of the previous Topol-M. It is known in the West as SS-29. It uses the same 16×16 wheeled chassis as the Topol-M. Externally it looks similar. However it carries improved missile, that is heavier.
The Yars was developed both as a road-mobile and silo-based system, that would use the same missile. It was first tested in 2007 and was adopted by Russian Strategic Missile Forces in 2010. Its production commenced during the same year. It replaced in production the previous Topol-M. As of 2014 Russian Strategic Missile Forces deployed 33 Yars ICBMs. These were fielded alongside the Topol-M systems on a 50/50 basis. Other sources report that a total of 58 missiles, both road mobile and silo-based are already in service. It is planned that the Yars will become the mainstay of the ground-based component of Russian nuclear triad.
This solid-fuel missile is similar to that of the Topol-M. It has three stages. It has a range of 12 000 km. The main difference from the previous missile is that Yars is MIRV-equipped and can carry at least 6 independently targetable warheads with 100-300 kT yield. Other sources report that this missile can carry up to 10 re-entry vehicles. It is a huge improvement over the Topol-M, that carries warhead with a single 550 kT capacity re-entry vehicle. Though the Topol-M can be easily upgraded to carry multiple 150 kT independently targetable warheads.
|Basing||Road mobile and silo based|
|Missile length||20.9 m|
|Missile diameter||2 m|
|Missile weight||49 t|
|Warhead weight||~ 1.2 t|
|Number of MIRVs||6-10|
|Warhead yield||100 – 300 kT|
|Range of fire||12 000 km|
|Engine power||800 hp|
|Maximum road speed||45 km/h|
Yars mobile missile systems RS-24 multiple re-entry vehicles (MIRV) see below diagram
The Topol-M is a three-stage solid-propellant ICBM. It carries a single nuclear warhead under US-Russian arms control treaties. The design can support MIRV warheads. The missile can reach a range of 11,000km at a speed of 17,400km/h.
The missile is cold launched using a special booster called PAD which allows the first stage to fire into air by pushing out the missile from the storage container. The motors for the first stage were developed by the Soyuz Federal Centre for Dual-Use Technologies.
Topol-M is directed by autonomous digital inertial navigation system using an onboard GLONASS receiver. The burn time of the engine was minimised to avoid detection by the present and future missile-launch surveillance satellites during boost phase. The missile carries targeting countermeasures and decoys.
It can perform evasive manoeuvres in terminal phase to avoid the hit of interceptor missiles. The flat ballistic trajectory of the missile complicates the interception by the anti-ballistic missile (ABM).
The missile is shielded against radiation, electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and nuclear blasts, and can withstand a hit from laser technology. (army-technology.com)
Mobile launch complex
The mobile version of the Topol-M would be deployed on a 16-wheel, computer-controlled MZKT-79221 transporter powered by a 710-horse power diesel engine.
The missiles were designed to require only minimum maintenance at the deployment site, except for the warhead, which could be serviced periodically along with systems of the launch complex.
During nominal maintenance the warhead can be replaced, the missile and its warhead can be transported separately in special tracks equipped with climate controlled containers. The missile with its container could be loaded into the silo without the assistance of a crane.
Major systems of the rocket can be diagnosed remotely, its avionics can be calibrated at the launch site and its flight control system switched between “permanent” and “high” levels of readiness. (russianspaceweb.com)
- Total of 63 mobile and 10 silo based missiles. (January, 2016)