Daily Archives: January 4, 2017

India set to sign $660 million deal for Hanwha Techwin K-9 Thunder

Modi Closes In on $660 Million Weapons Deal

January 4, 2017, 4:00 AM GMT+7 January 4, 2017, 7:34 AM GMT+7
  • One of army’s three major gun purchases after 30-year hiatus
  • Part of Modi’s 10-year procurement plan to modernize military

India is set to finalize a $660 million deal for mobile heavy artillery weapons — its third major gun purchase in the past year and a sign Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s defense spending spree is far from over, according to people with knowledge of the matter.

The deal, expected to be approved in a cabinet decision in the coming days after extended commercial price negotiations, is a big win for Larsen & Toubro Ltd., a major Indian infrastructure and engineering company which partnered with South Korea’s Hanwha Techwin to modify the howitzer for local conditions.

It’s part of Modi’s $250 billion push to modernize the armed forces and overcome a 30-year lapse in its firepower procurement program, as India prepares to counter potential threats from Pakistan and China. Plans to buy new equipment from overseas have been held back by bureaucratic delays and the military’s desire to balance the needs of troops against efforts to have equipment built domestically under Modi’s “Make in India” program.

An Indian Army officer, who did not wish to be named as the matter is yet to go public, said the purchase contract for the 100 guns offered by L&T is pending final clearance and will soon go to the Cabinet Committee on Security for approval.

A second person familiar with the discussions who could not be named said the deal had been approved by the Ministry of Defence and was now with the Ministry of Finance. The proposal would be sent to cabinet for endorsement soon, they said.

Artillery modernization is long overdue, said Anit Mukherjee, assistant professor in the South Asia Program at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore.

“Once these are inducted, these will give significant capabilities to the Indian military, both in the mountains and in the plains.” After the cabinet approves the deal, it could take two-to-four years before the weapons are delivered to India, he said.

India Ministry of Defence spokesman Nitin Wakankar had no comment to offer on the possibility of the deal for the 155-mm 52-caliber K9 artillery gun — modified for the army’s need for a highly mobile, long-range deep fire support weapon with a higher rate of fire — being signed.

An email and phone calls to Larsen & Toubro seeking comment on the deal remain unanswered.

Since July last year, India’s state-owned Ordnance Factory delivered six locally-made 155-mm 45-caliber ‘Dhanush’ guns. In November, India signed a $737-million deal with the U.S. for buying 145 155-mm 42-caliber M777 guns.

India’s Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar said on Nov. 18 in New Delhi that the Indian Army had in mid-2016 inducted the Dhanush guns which would be tested by soldiers before more were added to the artillery regiments.

Some of these acquisitions are legacy items, Mukherjee said. The Dhanush project was started under former defense minister A. K. Antony in 2012 and the M777 howitzer deal was also under consideration earlier. “But it’s true that the Modi government made it happen,” he said.

S.K. Chatterji, an independent strategic affairs analyst based in Delhi and a former brigadier in the Indian Army’s artillery regiment, said the acquisition of the guns “will tremendously improve the conventional war fighting capability of the Indian Army.”

“Artillery is the weapon of choice when armies want to deploy a great amount of firepower on the enemy, but without escalating the battle to missiles deployment. Artillery also gives the stand-off advantage to forces,” Chatterji said.

“The government has been aware that not a single artillery gun had been procured for 30 years now,” he said, noting other significant weapons tenders were underway. “These are just the beginning.”

Original post bloomberg.com


India Ministry of Defence spokesman Nitin Wakankar had no comment to offer on the possibility of the deal for the 155-mm 52-caliber K9 artillery gun — modified for the army’s need for a highly mobile, long-range deep fire support weapon with a higher rate of fire — being signed.

Related post:

Indian Army is set to receive M777 ultra-lightweight Howitzers by June

Govt clears deal to buy 145 artillery guns from BAE Systems – India

India’s L&T, Samsung Team Up For $700 Million Howitzer Deal

India completes price negotiations for 100 modified K-9 self-propelled howitzers

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Argentina to resume Kfir negotiations for 2nd time

Argentinian Kfir negotiations set to resume


Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has so far exported 40 Kfir Block 60 upgraded fighter aircraft, and plans to assemble and upgrade another 12-14 for Argentina.

Sources say negotiations about the proposed sale to Argentina are about to resume, following two previous rounds of talks that did not result in a contract.

Sources in Latin America say the price of the proposed deal is the main stumbling block, but “not the only one”.

The Kfir Block 60 is the latest version of the fighter, which includes J-79 engines. It also takes the aircraft back to zero flight hours after a total overhaul, and will cover the next 1,600 flight hours before another overhaul is required.

The upgraded fighter carries an Elta 2032 active electronically scanned array radar, and will have an open architecture that will allow the customer to install other systems.

According to Elta, the radar provides an all-aspect, look-down, shoot-down performance, operating simultaneous multi-mode air-to-air and advanced strike missions.

Kfir jets are in service with the air forces of Colombia, Ecuador and Sri Lanka.

The Colombian air force has upgraded its Kfirs to the existing level, dubbed C-10/12, which includes an Elta EL/M-2032 radar, a Rafael Litening targeting pod, a head-up display colour cockpit, and an aerial refuelling system.

Original post flightglobal.com


Related post:

Argentina and Israel Resume Kfir Block 60 Talks

Kfir Block 60: Details


M-345 Basic-Advanced Jet Trainer, Italy

The M-345 is a basic-advanced, lightweight trainer jet developed by Alenia Aermacchi for the basic-advanced stage of pilot training. The new aircraft will meet various training requirements of the armed forces across the world.

Based on developments on the M-311 demonstrator, the M-345 trainer is cost-effective, and offers low acquisition and life-cycle costs in comparison to heavyweight turboprop trainers.

The SIAI-Marchetti S.211 (later Aermacchi S-211 is a turbofan-powered military trainer aircraft designed and originally marketed by SIAI-Marchetti. Some 60 aircraft have been sold to air forces around the world. Aermacchi bought the production rights in 1997. The redesigned M-311 (now M-345) is currently under development by Alenia Aermacchi. Source wikiwand.com

Aermacchi S-211

The Alenia Aermacchi M-345 (M-311 before 2012) is a turbofan-powered military trainer aircraft. It is a development of the SIAI Marchetti S.211/Aermacchi S-211.  Source wikiwand.com

e0a9950b2501f0d940c024b3c59e2e45Philippine Air Force SIAI-Marchetti S.211
The SIAI-Marchetti S.211 is a single-engine two-seat jet trainer aircraft produced by the Italian manufacturer SIAI-Marchetti, today Alenia Aermacchi S.p.a..
Main users were Republic of Singapore Air Force and the Philippine Air Force. The successor Aermacchi M-311 is currently (2010) under development.
Crew 2
Propulsion 1 Turbofan Engine
Engine Model Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-46
Engine Power 11,1 kN 2500 lbf
Speed 665 km/h 359 kts
  413 mph
Service Ceiling 12.802 m 42.000 ft
Range 2.848 km 1.538 NM
1.770 mi.
Empty Weight 1.850 kg 4.079 lbs
max. Takeoff Weight 2.500 kg 5.512 lbs
Wing Span 8,43 m 27 ft 8 in
Wing Area 12,6 m² 136 ft²
Length 9,31 m 30 ft 7 in
Height 3,80 m 12 ft 6 in
First Flight 10.04.1981
Production Status out of production
ICAO Code S211
Data for (Version) SIAI-Marchetti S-211

M-311 demonstrator


The Alenia Aermacchi M-311 light jet trainer is a derivative of S-211 aircraft fitted with a new avionics suite, revised aerodynamic configuration, strengthened structure and a more powerful engine. The strengthened structures and landing gear allows for a service life of 15,000 flight hours as well as allows for an increase of maximum maneuver load factors. The new aircraft replicates military turboprop-powered trainers in terms of acquisition and life-cycle costs but with the enhanced performance of jet propulsion.

The M-311 trainer is powered by a single Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D-5C turbofan engine developing 3,190 pounds of thrust. The engine, belonging to the commercial range, features low fuel consumption as well as outstanding reliability and performance. The aircraft’s glass cockpit includes three LCDs 5×7 inches in the front and rear. In addition, the M-311 has HOTAS controls, two mission computers, GPS, HUD in the front cockpit and a rear cockpit repeater.

The Alenia Aermacchi development team has revised the accessibility for systems and has introduced a built-in Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) for airframe, engine and systems to ease maintenance. Pressure refueling and OBOGS (On-Board Oxygen Generating System) also helps to reduce the maintenance workload.


Crew:  2
Number of Engines:  1
Service Life Flight Hours: 15,000
Wing Area:   12.6 square meter (136 square foot)
Height:  3.73 meteB7:B26r (12.2 foot)
Length:  9.53 meter (31.3 foot)
Wingspan:  8.51 meter (27.9 foot)
Max Maneuvering Load Factor:  7 g
Min Maneuvering Load Factor:  -4 g
Sustained Load Factor: 4 g
Ceiling: 40,000 foot (12,192 meter)
Landing Run Distance:  460 meter (1,509 foot)
Max Range: 970 nautical mile (1,796 kilometer)
Take Off Run Distance: 450 meter (1,476 foot)
Climb Rate:  4,850 fpm (24.7 mps)
Top Speed at High Altitude:  400 knot (740 kph)
Fuel Load:  696 kilogram (1,534 pound)
Max Takeoff Thrust: 3,190 pound
Max Takeoff Weight: 4,000 kilogram (8,818 pound)
Min Weight: 2,200 kilogram (4,850 pound)
Payload:   1,000 kilogram (2,205 pound)

Source deagel.com

M-345 HET (High Efficiency Trainer) variant

The M-345 HET is an advanced version of the M-345 jet trainer. Alenia Aermacchi and the Secretariat General of Defence/National Armaments Directorate of the Italian Ministry of Defence signed an agreement in June 2013 to jointly develop the M-345 HET. Between 2017-20 the M-345 variant will replace the ageing fleet of MB-339 aircraft currently in service with the Italian Air Force.

Aermacchi MB-339


Following prolonged studies Aermacchi flew the prototype MB-339 trainer on 12 August 1976. The type was developed from the company’s previous successful MB-326 design; the chief modification compared with the MB-326 was the redesign of the tandem cockpits to give the instructor a good view ahead over the helmet of the pupil. Directional stability was maintained by a larger fin and canted ventral fins, and standard equipment included the Viper Mk 632 engine and Mk 10F zero/zero seat.

   The first of 100 MB-339A trainers for the Italian air force (AMI) was handed over on 8 August 1979. Other AMI variants include the MB-339PAN of the Frecce Tricolori aerobatic team and the MB-339RM calibration aircraft. In addition, aircraft generally similar to MB-339A standard have been widely exported to customers which include Argentina, Dubai, Ghana, Malaysia, Nigeria, Peru and the UAE.

   Aermacchi also produced the MB-339B, with upgraded advanced MB-339C. Variants of the MB-339C include the MB-339CD for advanced/fighter lead-in training and its MB-339FD export equivalent, with a fully digital cockpit, and the MB-339CB which has been delivered to New Zealand. Eritrea received six MB-339E non-digital variants of the MB-339C.

   Developed in 1995 from an MB-339A, the MB-339AM is a variant specialized for anti-ship attack and armed with two Marte Mk 2A missiles. On 30 May 1980 the prototype MB-339K Veltro 2 entered flight testing. The forward fuselage was broadly similar to that of the MB-326K with a single-seat cockpit and two 30-mm guns below. Advanced avionics, comprehensive weapons compatibility and a rugged airframe failed to tempt customers, however, and the variant was quietly dropped.

Entered service 1979
Crew 2 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 11.24 m
Wing span 10.86 m
Height 3.99 m
Weight (empty) 3.4 t
Weight (maximum take off) 6.3 t
Engines and performance
Engines 1 x Piaggio (Rolls-Royce) Viper Mk 680-43 turbojet
Traction (dry) 19.57 kN
Maximum speed 817 km/h
Combat radius 500 km
Cannon podded cannon or machine guns
Missiles MATRA R550 Magic 2 or AIM-9L/P air-to-air missiles
Bombs Mk 80 series bombs
Other rocket pods

Source military-today.com

Design features and technical details of M-345 trainer jet


The M-345 is a light, tandem twin-seat shoulder wing aircraft. The strengthened airframe offers fatigue life of 15,000 flight hours. It integrates a retractable tricycle landing gear and a single turbofan engine.

Improved features of the M-345 include integrated pressure re-fueling and a two-level maintenance concept which minimises operating costs. Together with the trainer jet’s On-Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS) operators can reduce the manpower required for ground maintenance, and cut down on turnaround times to conduct more sorties per day.

The M-345 has an overall length of 9.85m, wingspan of 8.47m, and height of 3.74m. The wing area of the aircraft is 12.6m2. The aircraft has an empty weight of 3,300kg and a maximum take-off weight of 4,500kg. The external load carrying capability makes the M-345 suitable for secondary missions.

M-345 cockpit and avionics


The advanced glass cockpit of the M-345 can accommodate two crew members in tandem configuration. The fully digital glass-cockpit is equipped with Hands On Throttle-And-Stick (HOTAS) controls and three 5in x 7in LCD multi-function displays (MFDs) for instructor and student pilot. The forward cockpit is fitted with a Head Up Display (HUD), while the rear cockpit is installed with a HUD repeater.

Cockpit features include Night Vision Goggles (NVGs) compatibility along with an integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) or Inertial Navigation System (INS), digital moving map, and two mission computers.

The trainer jet is also equipped with an embedded tactical simulation suite that was successfully integrated on the MB-339 and M-346 advanced trainers produced by Alenia Aermacchi. The aircraft integrates a Stores Management System (SMS) too.

Similarities between the M-345 and M-346 cockpits and the respective training syllabuses will also ensure interoperability during joint training operations.

M-345 engine details


The M-345 is powered by a turbofan engine developing a maximum thrust of 1,600kg (3,500lb) at take-off. The fuel is supplied by an internal tank with a storage capacity of 700kg. The Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) aboard the aircraft provides information on the structure, engine and other systems to monitor the operational status of each single component/system.


Williams International FJ44-4M engine – Image: l-39ng.cz

It’s Bigger, It’s Better

Williams International sets a new standard in value with the introduction of the FJ44-4 turbofan engine. The 3600-pound class “Dash Four” offers more power, lower acquisition and operating cost, and same great reliability.

Using essentially the same proven core with a continued infusion of improved technology, this new dual-channel FADEC-equipped turbofan engine will provide significantly better value than existing engines in its target thrust class.

Engine Characteristics
Thrust Class…..3600 lbf
Length……………52.8 in
Diameter………..25.3 in
Weight (dry)……650 lb


FJ44-4 turbofan Data williams-int.com

Performance of the M-345 trainer aircraft


The M-345 trainer can fly at a cruise speed of 420KTAS. The certified service ceiling of the aircraft is 40,000ft.

The aircraft has a rate of climb of 5,400ft/min. It can reach a distance of 840nm, but the ferry range can be extended to 1,100nm by integrating two external tanks (10% reserve).

The aircraft has a limit load factors of +7/-3.5g at 3,300kg take-off weight. The lengths of ground run required for take-off and landing of the aircraft are 460m and 450m respectively.

Main material source airforce-technology.com


New Aermacchi M-345 prototype completes first flight: Here


VARESE, Italy, Dec. 30 (UPI) — A prototype of Leonardo-Finmeccanica’s Aermacchi M-345 High Efficiency Trainer military aircraft took its first flight during a recent test.

The 30-minute flight took place on Dec. 29 at the Venegono Superiore airfield in Varese, Italy. The plane was flown by two pilots from Leonardo’s aircraft division, including Giacomo Iannelli and Quirino Bucci.

“The aircraft conducted itself perfectly, meeting the expectations of the design parameters while showing excellent performance,” Bucci said in a press release. “The engine in particular demonstrated a great capacity to react to regime changes, which is a fundamental characteristic for a basic training aircraft.”



Modernized and uprated version of the SIAI Marchetti S.211/Aermacchi S-211; two prototypes built.


Redesignation of the M-311 from 2012.

M-345 HET 

Re-engined High-Efficiency Trainer version to be powered by 1 Williams International FJ44-4M turbofan

Specifications (M-311)


Data from Alenia Aermacchi official site

Source wikiwand.com

Thanks to its modern avionics, considerable external load-carrying capability on the wing pylons and performance, the M-345HET is also suited for operational roles. Life cycle cost reduction is driven by long fatigue and two-level maintenance, the latter made possible by replacing the expensive general overhauls with the airframe and systems Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS). The avionics, based on the latest M-346’s experience, matches the standards of the latest combat jets, including HOTAS (Hands On Throttle And Stick) controls, Head up Display (HUD), Multi-Function Displays (MFD), the real-time data link. The aircraft is powered by a Williams FJ44-4M-34 turbofan engine with thrust of 1,540 kg (3,450 lbs). The operating efficiency is ensured by pressure refuelling systems and on-board oxygen generation (OBOGS), both of which reduce ground support crews and ground operation times.


Wing span 8,47 m (27.78 ft)
Length 9.85 m (32.32 ft)
Height 3.74 m (12.27 ft)
Wing area 12.6 sqm (135.6 sqft)

Take-off (Trainer) 3,300 kg (7,275 lb)
Take-off (maximum) 4,500 kg (9,920 lb)

Power plant
Engine, turbofan Williams FJ44-4M-34
Maximum Thrust 1,540 kg (3,400lb)
Internal fuel 700 kg (1,545 lb)

Performance (Clean, ISA)
Max level speed (SL/20 kft) 380/420 KTAS
Limited Speed 400 KEAS / 0.8 MN
Stall speed (landing, 20% fuel) 88 KCSA
Rate of climb (SL) 5,200 ft/min
Service ceiling 40,000 ft
Take-off / Landing ground run (SL) 520 m (1,720 ft)
Ferry range 760 nm (1.410 km)
(clean / 2 ext. thanks – 10% reserve) 1,000 nm (1.850 km)

Source leonardocompany.com

Brazil orders additional 215 REMAX RWS for Iveco VBTP-MR Guarani 6×6

Brazil orders additional REMAX remote weapon stations

03 January 2017

The Brazilian Army Logistics Command in late December 2016 ordered an additional 215 REMAX (REparo de Metralhadora Automatizado X) lightweight remote-controlled weapon stations from ARES Aeroespacial e Defesa, a Brazilian operation of Elbit Systems. The contract is worth BRL328 million (USD100.5 million) and includes associated equipment and services.

The weapon stations are for the service’s Iveco VBTP-MR Guarani 6×6 amphibious armoured vehicles, 1,580 of which were ordered on 22 November 2016 to complement 203 that were previously delivered.

A pilot tranche of 76 REMAX systems were purchased in September 2012 for BRL49.4 million by the Department of Science and Technology, and another five were later added.

Original post janes.com


REMAX remote weapon stations


REMAX is a remote controlled weapon station, fully stabilized, for 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm machine guns, designed under the requirements of the Brazilian Army.

The stabilization of lines of sight and shooting allows a precise shot even in moving conditions of the vehicle and target.

It can be installed on armoured vehicles used in combat, border patrol missions, peacekeeping operations and law and order keeping missions.
The system can be operated remotely by an operator who is inside the vehicle.


Machine Gun Type

M2HB 12.7mm
MAG 7.62mm

Additional Weapon

Smoke Grenade Launchers76mm x 4 tubes

Optical Sensors

Day Camera
FOV: 42° to 1.6°
Resolution: 780 x 625 pixels

Thermal Camera
Uncooled, 8 -12µm
FOV: 4.6° and 14.3°
Resolution: 640 x 480 pixels

Laser range finder

Type: Class 1M Eye safe
Wavelenght: 1.54µm

Motion Range

Alcance: 50m a 5km ±5m (Alvo OTAN)
Azimute: N x 360°
Elevação: -20° a +60°
Range: 50m to 5km ±5m (NATO Target)

Angular Maximum Speed

Traverse: 45°/sec

Stabilization Accuracy

2 mrad (1σ)


Above roof: 217 kg
Below roof: 42 kg

Turret Height



Specification  ares.ind.br

VBTP-MR Guarani 6×6 amphibious armoured vehicle: Details

India start bids to select a foreign single-engine fighter

Parrikar: India to Kick Off Competition for New Foreign Single-Engine Fighters

January 3, 2017

NEW DELHI — India will invite global competitive bids to select a foreign single-engine fighter to be made in India, said Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar.

Addressing a news conference here, Parrikar said the final selection for a western partner to provide a single-engine fighter for the Indian Air Force will depend on transfer of technology terms and the pricing proposed by the original equipment manufacturer.

Parrikar disclosed another single fighter line will be done under the Strategic Partnership model that will be announced later this month.

“We will submit a new acceptance of necessity proposal for new single engine fighters to Ministry of Defense in the next four months, and will request to fast-pace this new program,” a senior IAF official said. “IAF will put up a demand for 200 new single engine fighters to be made in India, which will easily cost around $45 million apiece without weaponry.”

The Strategic Partnership concept was mooted by MoD’s Aatre Committee, which in its April 2016 report recommended appointment of select few private sector companies be designated as SPs.

However a top MoD official said selection of an Indian private company to manufacture single engine fighters will only be approved by the cabinet by the end of 2017. Thereafter a global bid will be floated, with expectation that Lockheed Martin of US and Saab of Sweden will pitch the F-16 Block 70 and Gripen, respectively.

The global tender will be floated in the first quarter of 2018. At that time, a private company will be nominated as the strategic partners production agency and a two or more year process will kick off to evaluate technical and financial bids and conduct extensive trials, MoD official noted.

The final government-to-government deal will be inked in 2021.

Currently, there is proposal to buy additional Rafale fighters, Parrikar announced, after an $8.8 billion deal was signed with France in September for 36 of the fighters.

IAF wants to replace its 11 aging Russia MiG-21 and MiG-27 squadrons in the next five to seven years. The service faces a shortage of fleet strength as it has around 34 operational fighter squadrons – 11 short of the 45 required to fight China and Pakistan at a future date.

Original post defensenews.com


Currently, there is proposal to buy additional Rafale fighters, Parrikar announced, after an $8.8 billion deal was signed with France in September for 36 of the fighters.

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French Safran help India revive its indigenous jet engine project – Kaveri

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‘Make in India’ Fighter Choice May Be only for Single-engine Jets

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India Unlikely To Buy Additional Rafale Fighter Jets, MoD Source Says


Saab Gripen E: Details


F-16 E/F Block 60: Details

F-16V Fighter – Upgrade: Details