Anka MALE Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

Anka is a medium altitude long endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system, primarily manufactured to meet the reconnaissance and surveillance requirements of the Turkish Armed Forces. It was designed and developed by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI).

The Anka MALE UAV system can perform all weather, day / night intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions, tracking of fixed and stationary targets, signals intelligence (SIGINT) and communications relay.

Turkish Unmanned Aerial Vehicle programme

In December 2004, TAI received a contract from the Turkish Armed Forces to develop and produce the indigenous MALE UAV system as part of the Turkish Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (TUAV) programme. Under the TUAV project, TAI is responsible for developing three prototype UAVs and the associated ground systems.

The preliminary design review (PDR) was completed in May 2008. Anka was unveiled at the Farnborough Air Show in July 2010. The first Anka UAV successfully completed its maiden flight in December 2010.

The UAV demonstrated its automatic take-off and landing capabilities in November 2011. A technical issue caused the crashing of a prototype vehicle during final tests in September 2012. TAI completed the acceptance testing campaign of Anka in January 2013.

TAI also plans to design Anka Plus A, an armed variation of Anka. The new Anka Plus A is expected to carry Cirit missiles developed by Roketsan.

Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) successfully integrated the Roketsan MAM-L air-to-surface munition to the ANKA MALE UAV. (Photo: Turkish MoD)

2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT

Properties of the Product

CİRİT, is a missile with the longest range in its class which provides a superior precision against light, armored/unarmored and stationary/mobile targets as well as being a cost effective solution.

Basic Specifications

  • The 2.75″ Missile with the Longest Range
  • Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
  • Multi Purpose (Armor Piercing, Anti Personnel and Incendiary) Warhead
  • Integration to Various Platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)
  • Standard Mode and Smart Mode Pod Integration
  • Not a Guidance Kit, New Generation All-Up Round Missile System
  • Composite Propellent Technology with Reduced Smoke

In the Inventory of Turkish Armed Forces

Diameter 2.75″ (70 mm)
Maximum Range 8 km
Minimum Range 1,5 km
Weight 15 kg (Without tube complete)
Propellant Type HTPB Based, Smokeless, Composite Solid Propellant
Warhead Type Multi Purpose Warhead, Armor Piercing, Personnel, Incendiary
Warhead Type High Explosive Warhead
Guidance Mid – Phase Guidance with MEMS – AÖB
Guidance Terminal Guidance with Semi-Active Laser Seeker
Target Types Light Armored / Unarmored Vehicles, Stationary and Moving Targets, Bunkers
Platforms Helicopters (AH – 1W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s,  Land Vehicles, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms


Roketsan MAM-L air-to-surface munition

The Smart Micro Munition (MAM-L), developed by ROKETSAN in line with today’s battlefield requirements, attracts attention as a solution that increases the efficiency of air platforms with low payload capacity, especially that of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). MAM-L, a variant of the Laser Guided L-UMTAS (Long Range Anti-Tank Missile System) that is also developed by ROKETSAN, the only difference being that it does not have a rocket motor and glides in the air has already been integrated to the BAYRAKTAR and KARAYEL tactical UAVs that are currently being used by the Turkish Armed Forces. The MAM-L, which is being successfully used in various operations involving UAVs, stands out as a munition that has proved itself in the field.

With its low weight of about 50 pounds and a length of 1 m, the MAM-L offers a cost-efficient solution for light attack aircraft as well as UAVs. The MAM-L, with its high explosive fragmentation warhead, is highly effective against light structures, unarmored ground vehicles, radar antennas and soft targets like weapon pits and personnel, in a 25 m radius. The other version with tandem high energy anti-tank warhead is effectively used against heavy armored tanks. The munition can be used efficiently at ranges of up to 8 km, depending on the altitude from which they are released.

Technical Specifications of the MAM-L
Diameter 160 mm
Length 1 m
Weight 22 kg
Max. Range 8 km
Guidance Laser Seeker
Platforms UAV’s, Light Attack Aircrafts


Anka unmanned aerial vehicle design

Anka’s structure is of composite material construction, while some fittings and frames are built using high-strength material to withstand concentrated loads. The fuselage is covered by a mono-block bottom skin. It is integrated with two dedicated payload bays accommodating two primary payloads. The other subsystems including avionics, electrical systems and the engine are housed in various serviceable sections.

The wing and tail components include front and rear spars as well as ribs. The UAV is equipped with dual redundant control surfaces driven by a dedicated electro-mechanical actuator. An electro-expulsive ice protection system (IPS) de-ices the wing and tail leading edges.

Anka has a length of eight metres, wing span of 17.3m and a height of 3.4m. The maximum take-off weight of the UAV is 1,600kg.


Future variants of Anka will have larger payload capacity extending its current capabilities under the following features:

The TAI Anka will also eventually have an indigenous 155 hp Turbo prop engine developed by TUSAŞ Engine Industries (TEI) with cooperation with other Turkish companies in the future.

ANKA-TP (SIHA- Strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)

A 5+ ton, turbo-prop powered, High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) version of the ANKA is also being planned.

TAI officials have announced that the Strategic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle version named ANKA-TP will feature a new mission computer, airframe and have the ability to carry between 1 and 1.5 Tons in armament. It will have a span of 23 meters, speed of between 200 and 250 knots and a cruising altitude of 40,000+ ft.


On 30 January 2015, the ANKA-B completed its maiden flight successfully.[26] Anka Block B is a developed version of the Anka Block A and carries an Aselsan synthetic aperture radar/ground moving-target indicator payload in addition to the UAV’s electro-optical/infrared sensor. During the maiden flight, Anka-B successfully performed “basic shakedown” and auto-landing. The Anka Block B also has a greater payload capacity than that of the Anka-A which includes SAR/ISAR/GMTI radar (in addition to the cameras of Anka A) that obtains and remits high resolution intelligence data back to base.[27][28] The ANKA Block B paves the way for weaponisation of the platform in the foreseeable future. Anka block B passed 30.000 feet, 26hr and 200 km radius during test flights The Turkish Air Force ordered 10 ANKA-B platforms in 2013 at a cost of $300 million.[29]


ANKA-S is the serial production variant of ANKA. This variant is equipped with ViaSat’s VR-18C Highpower SATCOM antenna and indigenous flight control computer. Like ANKA Block A and ANKA Block B, ANKA-S will be powered by Thielert Centurion 2.0S. However Turkish Engine İndustries (TEI) is developing a national engine for the ANKA that can operate with diesel and JP-8 jet fuel.

In 25 October 2013 Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industry (SSM) ordered 10 ANKA-S UAVs and 12 ground control stations for $290 million ($220.6 million + TRY 137 million). The UAVs will be delivered in three batches (2+4+4). The first batch is planned to be delivered in March 2017. A total of 6 UAVs are planned to be delivered in 2017.

Currently 4 ANKA-S UAVs have been produced and are undergoing tests. The first two of these UAVs are equipped with StarFIRE 380-HDL FLIR payload. However these will be replaced with Aselsan CATS later on.[30]


Operators: Here

Turkish officials have announced the maiden flight of its Anka medium-altitude, long-endurance UAV: Here

Bangladesh Air Force Ordered Turkish Anka-S Armed Drone

Bangladesh Air Force (BAF) to buy Turkish TAI Anka UAV.

Reportedly BAF ordered Anka-S UAS which is the Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle or UCAV version of the Turkish Aerospace Industries developed Anka ISR drone. BD Air Force forming up their unmanned aerial vehicle fleet. This fleet would comprises both surveillance & combat UAV. BAF wants a true force multiplier to augment force’s real capabilities to ensure national security in all aspect. Turkish Anka unmanned aerial systems has been designed to conduct most critical operations. Anka is manufactured with latest technology and materials.

Earlier in last November Chief Of Air Staff ACM Abu Esrar visited Turkey. He met with Turkish Undersecretary for Defense Industries Ismail Demir and visited several defense industries in Ankara. Before COAS Abu Esrar’s visit to Turkey there were news that Bangladesh Air Force interested to buy Turkish defense equipment including TAI Anka, T129 ATAK attack helicopter and TAI Hurkus basic trainer aircraft.

Bangladesh’s savage neighbor myanmar has bought Chinese CH-3 armed drones in an unknown number. They using it against ethnic minors in rakhine and other states. They also deployed their Chinese UAVs near Bangladeshi borders. In response to burma’s jingoistic gestures Bangladesh is ready to give a befitting reply.

Bangladesh Army & Air Force building impressive war fighting capabilities to face any aggression from her neighbors. Currently BAF inducting Chinese LY-80E MRSAM for air defense. Neither Bangladesh Army nor Bangladesh Air Force operate any combat drone right now. Anka will be the first armed UAV for Bangladesh. And this drone will surely increase the operational capabilities of the Armed Forces of Bangladesh. Source

Payload of the Anka MALE UAV

The UAV can carry two payloads for the intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance (ISTAR) missions. These include an electro-optic / forward looking infrared / laser range finder (EO/FLIR/LRF) payload (AselFLIR-300T) and synthetic aperture radar / ground moving target indicator / inverse SAR (SAR/GMTI/ISAR) payload.

AselFLIR 300T radar system

The AselFLIR 300T radar system is supplied by Aselsan. The two primary payloads are accommodated in two separate payload bays. The environmental control system (ECS) is used for controlling the temperature of the avionics compartments.

ASELFLIR-300T Electro-Optical Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Targeting System

Image result for AselFLIR 300T radar system

ASELFLIR-300T is a high performance electro-optical reconnaissance, surveillance and targeting system designed for fixed-wing and rotary-wing airborne platforms, including Unmanned Air Systems (UASs), helicopters and aircrafts. ASELFLIR300T consists of

  • High Resolution Infrared Camera
  • Laser Range Finder/ Designator (LRF/D)
  • Laser Spot  Tracker
  • Color Day TV Camera
  • Spotter TV Camera.

There exists also a laser Pointer configuration which replaces the Color Day TV Camera. The System consists of the following Line replaceable Units (LRUs)

  • Turret Unit
  • Electronic Unit
  • Hand Control Unit(Optional)
  • Boresight Unit (Ground Support Equipment)


  • Targeting
  • Reconnaissance and Surveillance

Main Features

  • Superior Range Performance
  • High Resolution IR Camera
  • IR camera resolution of 1440×576
  • Better image quality and better range
  • Zoom Day TV Camera (Optional Selection Instead of Laser Pointer)
  • 3-CCD Spotter TV Camera
  • Spotter TV camera sensor is 3-CCD, i.e. 3 separate CCDs for Red, Green, Blue color channels for better image quality and better range
  • 3 times more sensor pixels used than 1-CCD cameras
  • Laser Range Finder and Target Designator
  • Laser Pointer (Optional Selection Instead of Zoom Day TV Camera)
  • Laser Spot Tracker
  • External Boresight Unit (Optional)
  • Advanced Image Processing
  • Multi Target Tracking
  • Simultaneous Target Tracking on IR and TV (Zoom Day TV or Spotter TV) Videos
  • Accurate Target Geo-Location
  • Determination of Coarse and Speed of Moving Target
  • Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)
  • Accurate 4-Axis Stabilization
  • Automatic Alignment with Platform
  • Internal Heating/Cooling
  • Hand Control Unit (Optional)
  • Nose-Up and Nose-Down Configurations

Technical Specifications

IR Camera Resolution 1440×576
Fields of View (FOVs)


IR: 1.75° – 6.4° – 30°
Zoom Day TV: 2° – 40°
Spotter TV: 0.8°
Field of Regard (FOR) Azimuth: 360° continuous
Nose-Up Configuration:

Elevation: -50° to +150°

Nose-Down Configuration:

Elevation: +20° to -105°

Laser Range Finder and Target Designator Range: up to 20 km

Wavelength: 1064 nm

Repetition rate: up to 20 Hz

Laser Pointer Wavelength: NIR
Laser Spot Tracker Wavelength: 1064 nm
Communication Interface MIL-STD-1553B, RS-422


Video Interface 3x Analog PAL/CCIR

1x Digital (Optional)

Power Interface 28 VDC
Size Turret Unit:

Diameter: 534 mm

Height: 633 mm

Electronics Unit:

315x456x255 mm

Weight Turret Unit: 95 kg

Electronics Unit: 23 kg


CATS- COMMON APERTURE TARGETING SYSTEM- Electro-Optical Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Targeting System (ANKA-S)

CATS is a high performance electro-optical reconnaissance, surveillance and targeting system designed for fixed-wing and rotary-wing airborne platforms, including Unmanned Air Systems (UASs), helicopters and aircrafts.


  • Targeting
  • Reconnaissance and Surveillance
  • Long Range Surveillance

Main Features

  • Common Aperture with Diameter of 220mm
  • Very Large Aperture for Narrow FOVs and Very Narrow FOVs of IR, HDTV and LL-NIR  Cameras
  • Larger Aperture Means More Light and Therefore Better Image Quality and Better Range
  • Compact and Light-Weight System
  • Single-LRU System
  • Superior Range Performance
  • High Performance IR Camera
  • True Full High Definition (1920×1080) HDTV Camera
  • No Digital Zooming Applied for 1920x1080p Video Output
  • 2.25 Times More Sensor Pixels Used Than High Definition (1280x720p) HDTV Cameras
  •  Low Light (LL-NIR) Camera
  • Common FOVs for IR, HDTV and LL-NIR Cameras
  • Laser Range Finder and Target Designator
  • Laser Pointer and Illuminator
  • Internal Boresight Unit
  • All-Digital Video Pipeline
  • Advanced Image Processing
  • Multi Target Tracking
  • Simultaneous Target Tracking on IR, HDTV
  • and LL-NIR Videos
  • Accurate Target Geo-Location
  • Determination of Coarse and Speed of
  • Moving Target
  • Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)
  • Accurate Stabilization
  • Automatic Alignment with Platform
  • Operation in Very Low Temperatures in High Altitudes

Note: All tolerances are within ±10%. Specifications may change without prior notice.

Technical Specifications

Sensor Resolutions IR: 640×512
TV: 1920×1080
LL-NIR: 640×480
Fields of View (FOVs)


IR: 0.5° – 0.9° – 3.2° – 30°
TV: 0.5° – 0.9° – 3.2° – 30°
LL-NIR: 0.5°
Field of Regard (FOR) Azimuth: 360° continuous

Elevation: +10° to -105°

Laser Range Finder and Target Designator Range: up to 25 km

Wavelength: 1064 nm

Repetition rate: up to 20 Hz

Laser Pointer and Illuminator Laser Pointer:

Wavelength: NIR

Laser Illuminator:

Wavelength: NIR

Communication Interface RS-422, MIL-STD-1553B
Video Interface 4x SMPTE-292M HD-SDI

2x PAL

Power Interface 28 VDC
Size Sensor Ball Diameter: ≤ 415 mm

Width: ≤ 437 mm

Height: ≤ 520 mm

Weight 61kg
Temperature Operational: -54°C to +50°C

Storage: -55°C to +70°C


ASELSAN’s SARPER Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is an airborne radar system

Synthetic aperture radar / ground moving target indicator / inverse SAR (SAR/GMTI/ISAR) payload

ASELSAN’s Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is an airborne radar system for high resolution ground imaging and for the detection of moving targets on the ground. SAR systems are valuable in airborne surveillance applications, allowing for effective 24/7 imaging under all kinds of adverse weather conditions. ASELSAN’s system offers the finest resolution achievable in its class.

Three distinct operating modes allow for flexible use based on mission requirements. The Spotlight Mode provides high resolution imaging of a specific area of interest, the Stripmap Mode offers imaging of broader areas, and the GMTI modes enables the detection of moving targets on the ground. The system employs a modular design approach, and thus can be conveniently integrated on various manned and unmanned aircraft. The radar can be employed in a variety of military and civilian applications involving airborne surveillance and imaging.

Important Features
  • X-Band transmission frequency
  • 37km maximum range
  • Slotted waveguide array antenna
  • Stripmap/Spotlight/GMTI Modes
  • Automatic antenna positioning and stabilization
  • Automatic motion compensation
  • Tailored interfaces for convenient integration on various aircraft
  • Platform-specific radome design


Engine and landing gear

The pusher type piston-prop propulsion system integrates a Thielert Centurion 2.0 turbocharged four-cylinder engine. The engine driving electrical power generators delivers a sea level power of 155hp. It is equipped to be restarted in flight. The propulsion is provided by a three-blade constant speed propeller.

Thielert Centurion 2.0 turbocharged four-cylinder engine

This is a four-stroke-cycle diesel engine that consists of four cylinders installed in line with four valves each. This turbocompressor liquid-cooled engine is provided with the reducing gear having the reduction ratio i = 1.69:1. The following embedded systems improve its performance:

  • COMMON RAIL direct injection system
  • all-electronic engine and propeller control system
  • wet-sump lubrication system

CENTURION 2.0 engines are approved by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). CENTURION 2.0 has EASA and FAA supplemental type certificate for the following aircraft models: Cessna-172 and Piper PA28. Diamond Aircraft Industries also installs CENTURION 2.0 engines into its aircraft, models DA40 TDI, DA42 Twin Star, while Apex Aircraft installs them into Robin DR400 models.

Engine description

  • Price in the AerojetBaltic service center, Vilnius – 48,900 €. The price includes the engine, installation works and aircraft flight calibration.
  • Replacement terms: not less than 35 days

The bladder type fuel tank located in the centre of the fuselage is fitted with fuel level sensors and jet pumps. The fuel is fed in to the engine via a collector tank. The fuel system is also equipped with filters, coolers, pumps and other instrumentation. The engine burns JP8 fuel or the equivalent. The propulsion system provides an endurance of 24 hours at an altitude of 30,000ft.

by omerson
Engine description
Operation principle Turbodiesel
Cylinders and their pattern 4 in line
Valves DOHC
Injection Direct injection
Cooling liquid
Lubrication Wet-sump system
Electronics Full digital engine controller (FADEC)
Propeller transmission Reducing gear with the clutch embedded (reducing ratio i = 1:1.69)
Propeller 3-bladed, from mechanical transmission, hydraulic, controllable pitch (MTV-6 series)
Cubic capacity 1.991 cm³ (121.5
Cylinder diameter 83 mm (3.26 in)
Piston stroke 92 mm (3.62 in)
Compression 18:1
Dimensions (WxLxH) 778 x 816 x 636 mm (30.63 x 32.12 x 25.04 in)
Weight (empty, with units) 134 kg (295.4 lbs)
Engine characteristics
Maximum output up to 2000 m/td> 99 kW (135 hp)
Maximum permanent output 99 kW (135 hp)
Economical rating 71 kW (97 hp)
Recommended load 75%
Propeller torque 410 Nm (302
Propeller torque (economical) 340 Nm (250 ft. lb.)
Propeller revolutions on takeoff 2300 rpm
Economical propeller revolutions 2000 rpm
Test over-speed propeller revolutions 2660 rpm
Engine revolutions on takeoff 3890 rpm
Economical engine revolutions 3380 rpm
Test over-speed engine revolutions 4500 rpm
Fuel consumption at cruise speed 15-17 l/h (4-4.5 gal/hr)
Specific fuel consumption 214 g/kWh (0.35 lb/hphr)
Electrical system
Electrical system FADEC
Voltage 28 V, optional 14 V
Generator 1680 W, optional 1260 W
Current / Voltage 60 A, optional 90 A
Compact engine display 0,3 kg (0,66 lbs)
Working fluids
Certified fuel Diesel (EN 590), TS-1 Kerosene, Jet A, Jet A-1
Suitable fuel Diesel (EN 590), TS-1 Kerosene, Jet A, Jet A-1, JP-5, DEF STAN 91-86, JP-8, DEF STAN 91-91, JP-8+100, Chinese Jet Fuel No 3
Oil Shell Helix Ultra 5W30; Shell Helix Ultra 5W40; AeroShell Oil Diesel 10W-40; AeroShell Oil Diesel Ultra
Cooling fluid 50% Вода; 50% BASF Glysantin; G48/ Glysantin; Protect Plus
Reducing gear oil Shell EP 75W90 API GL-4


by omerson

ANKA’s Domestic Engine Tests Completed PD170 turboprop engine

PD170 turboprop engine

Developed for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, the domestic PD170 engine is counting days to hang out with ANKA. According to the information obtained from C4Defence, the development work on the engine has been completed. ANKA’s flying conditions were applied to the motor and the previously targeted performance data was reached.

The project, signed between the Undersecretariat of Defense Industries (SSM) and TEI on December 27, 2012, included the development of a turbodiesel aviation engine with superior technical features for use in MALE class unmanned aerial vehicles through the development of domestic facilities.

In the frame of the project, engine was developed first, then ANKA’s flying atmosphere conditions were created in place and the engine was called. According to the experiments, the 2.1 liter diesel engine produced 170 horsepower between 0 and 20 thousand feet (about 6 thousand 600 meters) at 2300 cycles. As the amount of oxygen decreased, the engine’s power began to fall to an altitude of 20 thousand feet as expected. The engine produced 130 horsepower at an altitude of 30,000 feet. At present, the current engine used at ANKA produces 155 horsepower between 0 and 11 thousand feet altitude. With this comparison, the critical altitude for the TEI’s engine is twice as high as it is in use. At an altitude of 30,000 feet, it consumes 10-11 percent more fuel than the current engine produces at half the power. The TEI’s engine is 5 kg heavier than the current motord, but the weight power ratio also improves as it provides more power for this weight with flight performance. While the current engine is forced out at an altitude of 30 thousand feet, the developed engine does not stay at 30 thousand altitude and it is even easier to reach the altitude of 40 thousand feet. In this case, ANKA will have a motor that can reach 40 thousand feet altitude (about 13 thousand 300 meters).

The engine development work has been completed but the maturity tests are ongoing. The engine will be delivered to Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI / TAI) at a ceremony attended by National Defense Minister Nurettin Canikli. Then the integration of the motor into the ANKA platform will begin. The vehicle integration will have been tested well enough to begin. The engine qualification and civil certification is expected to be completed by 2018.

Turkey EASA CS-E project, for the first time on the basis of Airworthiness Certification and Qualification EASA Part 21 Design Organization Approval the basis of receivables.

Translate by google Source

The Anka UAV system is fitted with a tricycle-type retractable landing gear consisting of a single nose landing gear (NLG) and a pair of main landing gear (MLG) units.

Tricycle-type retractable landing gear

The NLG integrates shock absorbing components, while the MLG is equipped with spring type retractable struts. The main gear units have electro-mechanic brakes. The nose unit is steered by an electromechanical servo actuator.

GCS for the Turkish UAV

The flight operations of Anka are controlled and monitored using an advanced ground control station (GCS). The GCS is equipped with dual command and control consoles, as well as simulation and playback capabilities. The payloads of UAV are controlled in real time from the GCS during flight.

The GCS is housed in a Nato compliant ACEIII type shelter. It complies with the STANAG 4586 standard. The control station can be interfaced with external command, control, communications, computers and intelligence (C4I) systems.


Specifications (Anka-A)

General characteristics



  • ASELFLIR-300T, SAR/GMTI, ISAR payload
  • INS/GPS and air data sensor suite system[6]


Main material source

Updated Jun 14, 2018


HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH)

The HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH) is being developed by Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation in co-operation with Lockheed Martin for the US Air Force’s (USAF) CRH programme. It is an advanced variant of the combat-proven UH-60M Black Hawk helicopter.

UH-60M Black Hawk: Details

The new 60-Whiskey helicopter will replace HH-60G Pave Hawk medium-lift, combat search-and-rescue (CSAR) vehicle that entered service with the USAF in 1982.

HH-60G Pave Hawk (existing fleet)

HH-60G Pave Hawk


The primary mission of the HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter is to conduct day or night personnel recovery operations into hostile environments to recover isolated personnel during war. The HH-60G is also tasked to perform military operations other than war, including civil search and rescue, medical evacuation, disaster response, humanitarian assistance, security cooperation/aviation advisory, NASA space flight support, and rescue command and control.

HH-60G Pave Hawk


The Pave Hawk is a highly modified version of the Army Black Hawk helicopter which features an upgraded communications and navigation suite that includes integrated inertial navigation/global positioning/Doppler navigation systems, satellite communications, secure voice, and Have Quick communications.

All HH-60Gs have an automatic flight control system, night vision goggles with lighting and forward looking infrared system that greatly enhances night low-level operations. Additionally, Pave Hawks have color weather radar and an engine/rotor blade anti-ice system that gives the HH-60G an adverse weather capability.

Bendix-King 1400C navigation radar in a radome on the left side of the nose

The RDR 1400C weather and search-and-rescue radar was designed for fixed or rotary wing aircraft engaged in patrol, search and rescue missions, and for transporting personnel and equipment to remote sites (off-shore oil rigs etc.) The lightweight digital X-Band radar got the designator AN/APN-239 in the AmericanJETDS . The RDR 1400C color vision weather radar system is manufactured by Telephonics (originally by Bendix/King) and is e.g. used in Sikorsky HH-60G, MH-60G.

RDR 1400C Color vision Weather Radar System provides five primary modes of operation: 2 conventional weather avoidance modes, and 3 air-to-surface and detection modes:

  • Search 1 incorporates special sea clutter rejection circuitry to help detect small boats or buoys down to a minimum range of 300 yards.
  • Search 2 is designed for precision ground mapping, where high target resolution is important.
  • Search 3 mode includes normal ground mapping and can also be used to detect and track prominent land objects and coastlines.

The RDR 1400C also has the capability to receive signals from both standard 2-pulse beacon transponders and the DO-172 6-pulse transponders.

The primary system components of weather radar system are Receiver – Transmitter unit, Radar Control panel, Antenna Drive & Antenna Array and Navigation concentrator. The system is available with one of three flat-plate arrays of different diameter: AA-1218A (10″ or 25 cm), AA-4518A (12″ or 30 cm), and AA-5518A (10″ or 45 cm). The Radar Antenna Drive Unit (DA-1203A) allows pitch/roll stabilization and scans of 120 deg. or 60 deg. sector. The basic aircraft inputs for this radar is 28 V DC, 115 V AC and A/C Gyro inputs. The RDR 1.  Source

Pave Hawk mission equipment includes a retractable in-flight refueling probe, internal auxiliary fuel tanks, two crew-served 7.62mm or .50 caliber machineguns, and an 8,000-pound (3,600 kilograms) capacity cargo hook. To improve air transportability and shipboard operations, all HH-60Gs have folding rotor blades.

Pave Hawk combat enhancements include a radar warning receiver, infrared jammer and a flare/chaff countermeasure dispensing system.

HH-60G rescue equipment includes a hoist capable of lifting a 600-pound load (270 kilograms) from a hover height of 200 feet (60.7 meters), and a personnel locating system that is compatible with the PRC-112 survival radio and provides range and bearing information to a survivor’s location.

Pave Hawks are equipped with an over-the-horizon tactical data receiver that is capable of receiving near real-time mission update information.

General Characteristics

Primary Function: Personnel recovery in hostile conditions and military operations other than war in day, night or marginal weather
Contractor: United Technologies/Sikorsky Aircraft Company
Power Plant: Two General Electric T700-GE-700 or T700-GE-701C engines
Thrust: 1,560-1,940 shaft horsepower, each engine
Rotor Diameter: 53 feet, 7 inches (14.1 meters)
Length: 64 feet, 8 inches (17.1 meters)
Height: 16 feet, 8 inches (4.4 meters)
Weight: 22,000 pounds (9,900 kilograms)
Maximum Takeoff Weight: 22,000 pounds (9,900 kilograms)
Fuel Capacity: 4,500 pounds (2,041 kilograms)
Payload: depends upon mission
Speed: 184 mph (159 knots)
Range: 504 nautical miles
Ceiling: 14,000 feet (4,267 meters)
Armament: Two 7.62mm or .50 caliber machineguns
Crew: Two pilots, one flight engineer and one gunner
Unit Cost: $40.1 million (FY11 Dollars)
Initial operating capability: 1982
Inventory: Active force, 67; ANG, 17; Reserve, 15

HH-60G Source

The HH-60W can be deployed in casualty evacuation (CASEVAC), medical evacuation (MEDEVAC), non-combatant evacuation missions, civil search-and-rescue, humanitarian aid, disaster relief, and insertion or extraction of combat forces.


CRH programme details

The USAF announced the replacement of its aging HH-60G helicopters with new CRH in 2010. A request for proposal (RFP) was issued for the CRH programme in October 2012. Sikorsky teamed up with major subsystems supplier Lockheed Martin to offer a UH-60M derivative as the USAF’s new combat rescue helicopter.

In June 2014, the USAF awarded a $1.2bn engineering, manufacturing and development (EMD) contract to the Sikorsky-Lockheed Martin team to provide the next-generation combat rescue helicopter fleet. The scope of the contract covers development and integration of the rescue mission systems, four helicopters, as well as seven aircrew and maintenance training systems.

The contract also includes options for the production of 112 HH-60W helicopters. The Sikorsky-Lockheed Martin team will deliver the helicopters with most advanced capabilities to support all services in combat.

The new combat rescue helicopter was officially named as the HH-60W by the USAF in November 2014. The preliminary design review (PDR) of the HH-60W was completed in May 2016, whereas the vehicle critical design review (CDR) was concluded in September 2017. The training systems CDR is expected in September 2017.

The USAF plans to conduct the first test flight of HH-60W CRH in 2019 for fielding an operational helicopter in 2021, while full-rate production is anticipated by 2023.

HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter passes design review: Here


Lockheed Martin has announced that is successfully completed an Air Vehicle Critical Design Review for the U.S. Air Force Combat Rescue Helicopter program. The review will allow the construction, testing and evaluation of the HH-60W helicopter to move forward.

Sikorsky Conducts Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH) Training Systems Critical Design Review: Here


The $1.5 billion Engineering Manufacturing & Development (EMD) contract includes development and integration of the next generation combat rescue helicopter and mission systems. This includes delivery of nine HH-60W helicopters as well as six aircrew and maintenance training devices and instructional courseware designed specifically for the HH-60W aircraft. The training devices run the spectrum from full motion simulators, full aircraft maintenance trainers, and discrete “part task training devices” for aircraft systems such as avionics, rescue hoist and landing gear.

First Sikorsky Combat Rescue Helicopter Enters Final Assembly: Here

HH-60W helicopter design and features

The design of HH-60W is based on the next-generation UH-60M Black Hawk helicopter. The rotorcraft integrates a crashworthy and damage-tolerant airframe. It retains composite, wide-chord; main rotor blades; and corrosion-resistant structures of its predecessor.

The helicopter will offer increased internal fuel capability than the HH-60G helicopter. It will deliver longer range, while offering a larger internal cabin space. It can accommodate two pilots, two gunners, two paramedics and two litters for medical patients or injured service members. Either side of the fuselage can be mounted with .50 calibre and 7.62mm machine guns.

The helicopter will be equipped with Lockheed Martin’s mission planning system, defensive aids, data links, mission computers and adverse weather sensors.

0.50 caliber machine guns


Designation 0.50″/72 (12.7 mm) M3M FH Herstal MG
Ship Class Used On Rotary-wing aircraft
Date Of Design N/A
Date In Service 2001-2003 (evaluation)
2004 (service)
Weight 79.9 lbs. (35.8 kg)
Gun Length oa 59.8 in (1.520 m)
Barrel length 36 in (0.914 m)
Rifling Length 31.5 in (0.800 m)
Grooves 8
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume 1.5 in3 (24.6 cm3)
Rate Of Fire 950 – 1,100 rounds per minute cyclic
200 rounds per minute practical



7.62 caliber machine guns


The FN Light Door Pintle Weapon System – or FN® LDP – includes the following:

  • a 7.62x51mm FN MAG® 58M machine gun with spade grips
  • a light pintle head – or FN® LPH – including a soft mount
  • a column located between the pintle head and the connection
  • a light door pintle connection (specific to the carrier)
  • a feeding kit including an ammunition box and a feed chute
  • an ejection kit including a links and cases collector and an ejection chute



Lockheed Martin AN/ALQ-210 ESM

RWR/ESM (Radar Warning and location identifier) : Lockheed Martin AN/ALQ-210. The AN/ALQ-210 ESM subsystem performs situational awareness and threat warning functions simultaneously. The subsystem is designed with an open architecture in order to accommodate scalable functionality. It quickly detects and identifies emitters over a wide frequency range, determines the signal angle of arrival, and locates the source in dense signal environments.

Technical data

Goodrich AN/AVR-2B(V) Laser Warning System (LWS)


The AN/AVR-2A is a passive laser warning system which receives, processes and displays threat information resulting from aircraft illumination by laser designators, range finders and beam riding missiles. The threat information is displayed on the AN/APR-39A(V)1 Radar Detecting Set indicator in the cockpit. The AN/AVR-2A LDS is derived from the basic AN/AVR-2 LDS through the incorporation of several engineering change proposals (ECPs). These ECPs include: incorporation of the Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System-Air-to-Ground Engagement System interface; incorporation of a removable user data module to the comparator interface to permit a means to apply software changes and system declassification; and increased Band III sensitivity for improved threat detection performance. The AN/AVR-2A LDS consists of one interface unit comparator and four identical sensor units. The total system weight is 21 pounds.


The AN/AVS-2B(V) was derived from the system developed for the Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche. Goodrich claimes it is 40% smaller, 45% lighter (i.e. approx. 2,5 pounds (1,5 kg) per sensor) and uses 45% less power than the previous AN/AVR-2A(V) version . The system provides increased functionality for threat detection and data interface and has demonstrated a 500% improvement in reliability. The model was introduced into service in 2004. Source

AN/AAR-57 common missile warning system (CMWS)


Superior detection

  • Compatible with existing chaff, flare and RF decoy dispensers, and laser DIRCM systems
  • Over 2,100 systems installed on fixed –wing and rotary-wing aircraft
  • Flown more than 2 million combat theatre flight hours
  • Hostile fire indication capabilities
  • Enables data recording capabilities for post-mission analysis
  • Can be used as a centralized processing system for Integrated Aircraft Survivability Equipment


Ballistic Protection System


Cockpit and avionics


The advanced glass cockpit will accommodate two pilots side-by-side. It will be equipped with Rockwell Collins’ state-of-the art avionics and mission equipment, including cockpit flight and mission display system, navigation radios and the advanced ARC-210 V/UHF communication system.

The ARC-210 offers secure voice communications and civil interoperability. The system supports the integration of future advanced ad hoc networks and next-generation mobile user objective system (MUOS) satellite communication (SATCOM) for uninterrupted voice and data.

The multi-function displays (MFDs) aboard the cockpit will comply with the latest night-vision imaging system (NVIS) standards. The MFDs will support wide viewing angles for superior cross-cockpit viewing. The integrated cockpit flight and mission display system will deliver superior situational awareness while reducing pilot workload during CSAR missions.

MFD-268 Multi-Function Display


Rockwell Collins’ MFD-268 multi-function display offers superior functionality, condensed packaging and proven reliability in some of the most rugged military helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. It displays graphics and video on an XGA, 1024-by-768 resolution, delivering high performance with an avionics-grade, color active matrix liquid crystal display (AMLCD).

The MFD-268 can be procured as part of an integrated system such as Flight2™ and Common Avionics Architecture systems or as a stand-alone display. It is capable of providing a typical ADI/HSI format or can be used for an Engine Instrument Display. It’s available in both landscape and portrait configurations.

As a smart display, it is capable of showing video from sensors merged with graphics to provide enhanced situational awareness in all phases of flight. The MFD-268 spans the Department of Defense fleet from the C-130 to large tanker aircraft. Its very large customer base makes this display sustainable well into the future.

Available in both smart and monitor displays, the MFD-268 features open architecture within the partitioned environment, making it customizable and cost effective to take from platform to platform. Source

AN/ARC-210 Gen5 programmable digital communication system

Whether you’re conducting a routine mission or are in the midst of a crisis, reliable communication is key to your success. It’s exactly what the RT-1990A(C) ARC-210 Gen5 software defined receiver-transmitter delivers.

That’s because the RT-1990A(C) draws capability from one of the world’s most widely proven radio legacies: our AN/ARC-210 communication system family.

More than 40,000 AN/ARC-210 radios are equipped globally on more than 200 platforms. Our airborne radios are the well-established choice for multiband, multimode communications.

Features & Benefits

Line-of-sight data transfer rates up to 80 kb/s in a 25 kHz channel creating high-speed communication of critical situational awareness information for increased mission effectiveness

Software reprogrammable in the field via Memory Loader/Verifier Software making flexible use for multiple missions

Offers direct replacement for RT-1794(C), RT-1824(C), RT-1851(C) and RT-1851A(C). Supports all ARC-210 legacy waveforms and functions reducing integration efforts

Embedded software programmable cryptography for secure communications


Elbit Systems next generation AN/AVS-7 ANVIS-HUD Head Unit Displays.


Elbit Systems’ AN/AVS-7 is a standard helicopter aviator day and night helmet mounted display system (a Heads-Up display). The HUD is an electro-optic system combining the standard ANVIS goggles image with aircraft flight instrumentation and computer graphics during night operation. Source


  • 195 Nautical Mile Combat Radius
  • Hot and High Hover of 4000’ PA and 95°F
  • Best-in-class Survivability and Lethality
  • Unprecedented Net-centric Capability

Engine of the HH-60W

Image result for MFD-268C4 Multi-Function DisplayUH-60m exhaust

The power-plant of HH-60W will integrate two General Electric T700-GE-701D turbo-shaft engines, which will each develop a maximum continuous power of 1,716shp (1,279kW) and offer superior performance in adverse weather conditions.


General Electric T700-GE-701D engine


Number of Engines 2
Engine Type T700 GE 701D
Take-off Shaft horsepower (5 min) 3,988 shp 2,974 kw
OEI Shaft horsepower (30 sec) 1,972 shp 1,447 kw


Maximum Taekoff Gross Weight 22,000 lbs 9,979 kg
Maximum Gross Weight with External Load 23,500 lbs 10,659 kg
Maximum Cruise Speed(Standard day, sea level) 160 kts 297 km/h
Maximum Range – No Reserve, no additional tanks 268 kts 496 km
HIGE Ceiling(Ceiling for 18,000 lbs GW) 15,000 ft 4,572 m
HOGE Ceiling(Ceiling for 18,000 lbs GW) 11,000 ft 3,353 m
OEI Service Ceiling 3,700 ft 1,127 m
AEO Service Ceiling(Ceiling for 18,000 lbs GW) 20,000 ft 6,097 m

Technical data

Main material source

Dokdo Class Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH)

ROKS Dokdo (LPH 6111) is the Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH) of the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN). The LPH was built by Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction in Busan. The ship was named after the Dokdo islets in the East Sea.

The lead ship in its class, ROKS Dokdo (LPH 6111), was launched in July 2005 and commissioned into the ROKN in July 2007. The ROKN also planned to deploy two similar ships intended for strategic mobile units. The second and third units will be named Marado (LPH 6112) and Baengnyeong (LPH 6113).

ROKS Dokdo (LPH-6111) sails alongside amphibious assault ship USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6) and other ships of the Bonhomme Richard Amphibious Ready Group and ROK Navy during exercise Ssang Yong. (U.S. Navy/MC2 Michael Achterling)

Ships in the class

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
Dokdo (LPH 6111) ? 2005 2007

active, in service

Marado (LPH 6112) ? expected in 2020 ?

under construction

Bayengnyeong (LPH 6113) ? ? ?



Dokdo LPH acts as a command and control platform for the maritime mobile fleet and supports three-dimensional landing operations as well as maritime air operations. It can also be deployed in a range of operations including in support of national overseas policy, peacekeeping operations, disaster recovery, counter-terrorism operations and national prestige enhancement.

Dokdo is the largest vessel in the South Korean Navy. It has almost similar specifications compared to the Spanish Navy’s aircraft carrier Príncipe de Asturias and the Thai Navy’s Chakri Naruebet light aircraft carrier.

Príncipe de Asturias: Details

H.T.M.S. Chakri Naruebet: Details

Design and features

The hull is divided into four decks to accommodate helicopters, assault amphibious vehicles (AAV), landing craft air cushion (LCAC), tanks and trucks. Accommodation facilities, command posts and crew life support systems are located on deck 2.

Developed based on the concept of over-the-horizon assaults, Dokdo can conduct amphibious landing operations with high-speed LCAC and helicopters from beyond the horizon.

The ship’s combat data system manages and controls onboard weapons and allows the ship to command support vessels and aircraft in the strategic mobile operation fleet.

The ship has an overall length of 199m, a width of 31m and a draught of 7m. The standard displacement of the vessel is 14,000t and full load displacement is 18,000t. The LPH can carry over 700 marines, 10 trucks, six tanks, six AAVs, three field artillery pieces, 10 helicopters and two LCACs. Dokdo can complement more than 330 crew members.

ROKS Marado 6112 

KBS News

Aircraft capabilities

The flight deck can accommodate five UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters at a time. The aircraft hangar facility is provided for UH-60 helicopter and the AH-1 attack helicopter. The aeroplane shed on the lower deck is a multi-layer structure equipped with elevators.

US Navy MH-60S landing on the flight deck of Dokdo.

The flight deck is covered with Urethane to withstand the heat created by the aircraft during operations.

Image: Image:

The ship can operate short-range and VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft such as the Harrier or F-35B, when equipped with a ski jump board module.


S. Korea’s military mulls operating F-35B stealth aircraft aboard new amphibious assault ship: Here


South Korea’s military has begun to consider operating F-35B stealth aircraft from its newest amphibious landing ship slated to be deployed in 2020, as part of efforts to strengthen its naval power, sources said Monday.

The authorities have recently discussed whether the second 14,000-ton Dokdo-class vessel can carry the F-35B fighter, a short takeoff and vertical landing variant of the U.S.-made fifth-generation warplane.

“I understand that the military top brass have recently discussed whether they can introduce a small number of F-35B fighters and operate them aboard the new ship that has already been deployed and one to be additionally built,” a military source told Yonhap News Agency, declining to be named.

Weapon systems

The LPH is armed with RIM-116 RAM (rolling airframe missile) system. RAM is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile used against anti-ship cruise missiles.

The missile can travel at a maximum speed of Mach 2 while carrying a blast fragmentation warhead for a range of 9km. The ship is also fitted with two goalkeeper close-in weapon systems (CIWS) supplied by Thales Nederland. The system provides close-point defence against incoming missiles and ballistic shells. The seven barrelled CIWS can fire 4,200 rounds a minute for a maximum range of 2,000m.

RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile Block 1


The RAM program is designed to provide surface ships with an effective, low-cost, lightweight, self-defense system which will provide an improved capability to engage and defeat incoming antiship cruise missiles (ASCMs). RAM is a joint United States and German venture to design an effective, low cost, lightweight quick-reaction, self-defense system which will increase the survivability of otherwise undefended ships. It is a 5 inch missile that utilizes SIDEWINDER technology for the warhead and rocket motor, and the STINGER missiles seeker. Cueing is provided by the ships ESM suite or radar. The MK-31 RAM Guided Missile Weapon System (GMWS) is defined as the MK-49 Guided Missile Launching System (GMLS) and the MK-44 Guided Missile Round Pack (GMRP).


The RAM Block 0 has a five-inch diameter airframe that rolls in flight and dual mode, passive radio frequency/infrared (RF/IR) guidance. Initial homing for RAM Block 0 is in RF, using an ASCM’s RF seeker emissions. If the ASCM’s IR radiation is acquired, RAM transitions to IR guidance.


Effective against a wide spectrum of existing threats, the RAM Block 1 IR upgrade incorporates a new IR “all-the-way-homing” guidance mode to improve AW performance against evolving passive and active ASCMs. The Block 1 missile retains all capabilities of the Block 0 missile while adding two guidance modes, IR only and IR Dual Mode Enable (IRDM). The IR only mode guides on the IR signature of the ASCM. The IRDM will guide on the IR signature of the ASCM while retaining the capability of utilizing RF guidance if the ASCM RF signature becomes adequate to guide on. RAM Block I can be launched in an IR all-the-way mode, as well as the dual mode (passive RF, followed by passive IR) used by Block 0.


The launching system and missiles comprise the weapon system. Source

Goalkeeper close-in weapon systems (CIWS)

The system automatically performs the entire process from surveillance and detection to destruction, including selection of the next priority target. The crucial importance of a last-ditch defence system has been proven on numerous occasions. To provide for this need, Thales developed Goalkeeper, an extremely effective system, that incorporates the 30 mm, 7-barrel Gatling gun with special missile-piercing ammunition. The combination of MPDS ammunition and a firing rate of 4200 rds/min gives the system the power necessary to destroy missile warheads.

Goalkeeper provides excellent performance against surface targets. Search and track radars, weapon control and integration of the total system are Thales’ strengths. A high detection probability for small targets is ensured in all weather conditions by the use of an I-band search radar. Pin-point target tracking is achieved by the dual frequency I/K-band track radar. Continuous search with track-while-scan ensures rapid engagement of the next priority target in multitarget scenarios.

Goalkeeper’s capabilities have been proven many times during sea-going trials. U.S. trials in which 3 types of live missiles were destroyed by Goalkeeper, conclusively confirmed the capabilities of this proven Close-In Weapon System.

Goalkeeper is operational in the navies of Belgium, Chile, the Netherlands, Portugal, Qatar, South Korea, the UAE and the UK.




ROKS Marado 6112 



Currently a little larger than the form of the VLS KVLS mounted on the KD-2 and KD-3

If only the hyeonyong KVLS compared with MK.41, new KVLS is comparable to MK.57 mounted on the zoom Walt.

This will not only of the existing cruise missiles for the navy and Korean ASROC Hong Tianlong sharks, to a large degree geotteun presumably missiles than can operate. Source

Korean Surface-to-Air Anti-Missile (SAAM, or K-SAAM)

SAAM is a homing missile mounted on surface ships to intercept multiple homing missiles, aircraft, warships and guided bombs fired toward friendly ships, capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously. Although the existing homing missiles mounted on surface ships to intercept homing missiles fired toward friendly ships are mostly introduced from abroad, the R&D project is underway in Korea to develop domestic surface-to-air anti-missiles that are superior in performance, stable in production and low in cost. Source

Radar technology

The ship’s long range volume search radar is the Thales SMART-L. The radar can detect and track targets within the range of 400km. The ship is also equipped with MW08 surface search radar and AN/SPS-95K navigation radar.

Thales SMART-L

Related image

Main features
• Multibeam architecture
• Pulse-Doppler processing over complete coverage
• Wide Elevation coverage
• One single mode
• Fast reaction capability
• Mission selectable illumination patterns
• Simultaneous air- and surface surveillance channel

Functional Aspects
• Long range air surveillance:
– Build-up of recognised air picture
– Fighter direction
– Non-Cooperative Target Recognition
– Local ATC
• Surface surveillance up to radar horizon
• Passive Jamming surveillance.

• Ballistic Missile Defense support
• Military Patrol Aircraft : ~400 km
• Stealth missile : ~65 km

Technical Data
Instrumented data:
• Range (air) : 400km
• Elevation : 70°
• Capacity : >1000 tracks

• Polarisation : Vertical
• Horizontal beamwidth : 2.2°
• Update rate : 5 seconds
• Electronic stabilisation
• Very low sidelobes
• Integrated IFF Antenna
• Maintenance from inside the antenna

• Frequency : D-band
• Solid State

Processing capacity
• Digital beamforming
• Multipath suppression using beams under the horizon
• Doppler FFT processing including radial speed determination
• Cluttermap and jamming map
• Least jammed frequency operation
• Multiple hypothesis tracking

Detection Ranges
• 2 km against RHIB
• 7 km against FPB


ELM-2248 MF-STAR (ROKS Marado LPH-6112)

ROKS MaradoLPH-6112

The MF-STAR (ELM-2248) is a multi-function solid-state digital active phased array radar system for the new generation of naval platforms. The radar system delivers high quality situation picture and weapon support, under severe target/environmental conditions in the current and future naval arena. Incorporating advanced technology and robust system architecture, the MF-STAR employs multi-beam and pulse Doppler techniques as-well-as cutting edge ECCM techniques to extract low RCS targets from complex clutter and jamming environments. MF-STAR’s basic TR element digital output enables software only adaptive beam forming and mode variations to form a software defined radar. The MF-STAR antenna includes 4 active arrays in S-Band frequency. The hardware architecture and technology ensures high system availability, low maintenance and low life cycle cost. The MF-STAR incorporates a lightweight antenna that can be tailored to fit even relatively small ship sizes (corvettes and above).

ROKS MaradoLPH-6112 – 유용원의 군사세계


  • Fast threat alert response time
  • Very high tracking update rate and accuracy for priority targets
  • Short search frame/TWS revisit time
  • Mid-course guidance of active/semi-active anti-air missiles
  • Illuminator enslavement for semi-active missiles
  • Automatic splash detection and measurement for gunnery support
  • Instantaneous multi-beam
  • Advanced beam forming techniques for ECCM
  • Lightweight antenna
  • Scalable, modular active solid-state phased array
  • High reliability and high availability


MW08 surface search radar
Type 3D Air/Surface Search
Frequency G band
Range 0.1m2 target: 17 km
1m2 target: 27 km
2m2 target: 32 km
Altitude unknown
Azimuth unknown
Elevation unknown
Precision Resolution
In bearing: 20
In range: 90 m
Tracking accuracy In bearing: 0.250
In range: 40 m
In elevation: 1.20
Tracking capacity Air targets: 20 (basic configuration)
Surface targets: 8 (basic configuration)Surface targets: 2 (gun-fire accuracy control)
Power 50 kW (Peak)


SPS-550K 3D air and surface surveillance radar (ROKS MaradoLPH-6112)

ROKS MaradoLPH-6112

3D Surveillance Radar for FFX is a 3D medium-range multi-beam surveillance radar mounted on Ulsan-I class ships capable of collecting information such as distance, bearings, and altitude of mid-range anti-ship/anti aircraft threats in Korea’s cluttered marine environment and amid the threat of electronic warfare. As it can detect targets up to 250km away, it is expected to play a pivotal role in guarding our territorial waters. Source

–  3D S-Band medium range radar with a full solid state Active Phased Array antenna.
– Deliver high quality situation pictures and weapon supports under severe target and environmental conditions.
– Employs Digital Multi-Beam forming, Pulse Doppler and Medium PRF Techniques to extract low RCS targets and to suppress the multipath effects from complex


– Automatic detection and tracking of aircrafts, missiles, helicopters, and
– surface ships simultaneously
– Simultaneous digital multi-beam forming techniques for multipath suppression
– Continuous, gapless, near hemispherical 3D surveillance envelope
– Two types of operational mode : medium range/long range
– Track While Scan(TWS) channel for Anti Surface Warfare gun fire support
– Identify the position of splash spotting generated by gun fire
– Electronic antenna stabilization both in azimuth and elevation
– Easily integrated in various Combat Management System and completely remote controlled

Source LIGNex1

AN/SPS-95K navigation radar

SPS-95K is a lightweight, G-Band low-volume surface search and navigation radar suitable for installation aboard destroyers, frigates and corvettes. The equipment comprises an antenna, transceiver and a remote control unit and is described as making extensive use of solid-state technology. Electronic counter-countermeasures provision includes pulse repetition frequency jitter, sector radiation, sensitivity time controlfast time constantautomatic/manual gain and frequency control, pulse interference suppression and constant false alarm rate. Available interfaces comprise video (four outputs), indicator trigger (two), Identification Friend-or-Foe (IFF) trigger (two outputs – SPS-95K incorporates an integral IFF capability), blanking trigger (two), antenna turning signal and gyro.

frequency: 5.45 … 5.825 GHz
pulse repetition time (PRT):
pulse repetition frequency (PRF): 2 400 Hz or 1 200 Hz or 750 Hz
pulsewidth (τ): 0.12 µs or 0.25 µs or 1 µs
receive time:
dead time:
peak power: 250 kW
average power:
instrumented range: 200 km
range resolution:
beamwidth: 1.5º
hits per scan:
antenna rotation:
MTBCF: 600 h
MTTR: 0.75 h


Electronic warfare & decoys


SLQ-200(v)5K SONATA on the ROKS Dae Jo Yeong (DDH-977) at JMSDF Yokosuka Base, Japan (2015 Oct 17). by yasu_osugi
General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1980s
Sensors / EW:
K/SLQ-200(V)K Sonata [ESM] – (Argo Phoenix mod, AR-700A) ESM
Max Range: 926 km



General data:
Type: Decoy (Expendable) Weight: 0 kg
Length: 0.0 m Span: 0.0 m
Diameter: 0.0 Generation: Not Applicable (N/A)
Targets: Surface Vessel
DAGAIE Mk2 LEM Chaff – Decoy (Expendable)
Surface Max: 1.9 km.


DAGAIE MK2 NG launcher (ROKS MaradoLPH-6112)

As a modernization of DAGAIE® systems, DAGAIE® NG has been designed to defeat all current and emerging missile seekers. This system deploys the same ammunition as the SYLENA LW DLS: high credibility RF and IR decoys, including corner reflectors and morphologic IR technologies. DAGAIE® NG is a mobile system, based on the DAGAIE MK2 system developed in the 80’s / 90’s for the previous generation of corvettes & frigates.

ROKS MaradoLPH-6112

Operationnal capabilities : 
An array of tactical engagements consistent with Lacroix SEACLAD Ammunition :

 SEALEM mortars for seduction
 SEALIR mortars for seduction
 REM rockets for distraction


Propulsion system

Dokdo’s propulsion system is based on combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) plant. The propulsion system integrates four S.E.M.T. Pielstick 16 PC2.5 STC diesel engines. These engines were licence built in Korea by Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction.

Each engine, rated at 7,650kW, is equipped with sequential turbo charging (STC) system. The CAE Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS) monitors and controls the hull, propulsion, electrical distribution, steering and battle damage control systems. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 23kt and cruising range of 10,000nm at 18kt speed.

4 x S.E.M.T. Pielstick 16 PC2.5 STC diesel engines

S.E.M.T. Pielstick 16 PC2.5 STC diesel engine – fairbanksmorse.comS.E.M.T. Pielstick 16 PC2.5 STC diesel engine –


General characteristics
Type: Landing Platform Helicopter
Displacement: 14,300 tons (empty) / 18,800 tons (full)
Length: 199 m (653 ft)
Beam: 31 m (102 ft)
Draught: 7 m (23 ft)
  • 23 knots (43 km/h) maximum
  • 18 knots (33 km/h) cruising
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Capacity: Up to 200 vehicles (Including Tanks)
Troops: 720 marines
Crew: 330[2]
Sensors and
processing systems:
SMART-L air search radar, MW08 surface search radar, AN/SPS-95K navigation radar, TACAN, VAMPIR-MB optronic sight
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
ESM/ECM:SLQ-200(v)5K SONATA, Chaff launcher
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities: Flight deck with 5 landing spots and hangar


Main material source

Updated May 31, 2018

K130 Braunschweig Class Corvette

In December 2001, Germany placed an order for five K130 corvettes based on the MEKO A design from the Arge K130 consortium. The Arge K130 consortium consists of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Blohm +Voss in Hamburg (lead yard) and Nordseewerke in Emden, with Friedrich Lurssen Werft based in Bremen.

The corvettes replace the German Navy’s Tiger Class and Albatross Class missile fast patrol boats which no longer meet operational requirements. The K130 corvettes will be based at Warnemunde.

Tiger-class fast attack craft

Tiger-class vessel S54 Elster –

The Type 148 Tiger-class fast attack craft is a modification of the French La Combattante IIa design for the German Navy. The La Combattante IIas had been designed by Lürssen of Germany for Israel, but were built in France by Constructions Mécaniques de Normandie in Cherbourg (CMN) for political reasons. Eight of the boats were laid down by CMH, but completed by Lürssen.

The boats were commissioned into the Bundesmarine in the mid-1970s, replacing the Jaguar-class vessels of the 3rd and 5th Squadrons. At first the boats did not receive names, only numbers, but these were introduced later at the insistence of the crews.

The ships served for 30 years, and received major updates in 1982—84 and 1990—92. 

After decommissioning they were scrapped or sold to different countries. No direct replacements were procured as due to the changed operating conditions the Deutsche Marine has reduced the number of these fast attack boats drastically and procured instead a smaller number of corvettes. 

General characteristics (After last refit)
Type: Fast Attack Craft
Displacement: 265 tonnes (261 long tons)
Length: 47 m (154 ft 2 in)
Beam: 7 m (23 ft)
Draught: 2.70 m (8 ft 10 in)
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
  • 570 nmi (1,060 km) at 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
  • 1,600 nmi (3,000 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 30
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Notes: The ships have been updated twice (1982—84 and 1990—92), this represents the last update that was performed on all ships.


Albatros-class fast attack craft

P-6119 FGS Habicht – Kiel 1985 –

The Type 143 Albatros class was a German class of missile bearing fast attack craft. Each vessel is named after a bird of prey including the albatross, condor and cormorant. Constructed by German shipbuilders Lürssen and Kröger, the vessels were intended to replace the Type 141 Seeadler class.[1]The German Navy retired the class in 2005 and sold the boats off to Tunisia and Ghana.

General characteristics
Type: Fast attack craft
Displacement: 398 long tons (404 t)
Length: 57.80 m (189 ft 8 in)
Beam: 7.80 m (25 ft 7 in)
Draught: 2.60 m (8 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 4 shafts, 4 MTU 16V 956 TB91 diesels 17,700 hp (13.2 MW)
Speed: 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph)
Range: 1,300 nmi (2,400 km; 1,500 mi) at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Complement: 40
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × SMA 3 RM 20 navigation radar
  • 1 × WM27 search and fire-control radar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • Decoy launcher HOT DOG
  • Chaff launcher DAG 2200 Wolke


K130 Braunschweig Class corvette development

Keel-laying of the first of five new K130 corvettes for the German Navy began in December 2003. The first and the fourth corvette were built by Blohm + Voss, the second and fifth by Lürssen and the third by Nordseewerke.

The first of class ship, the FGS Braunshweig (F260), built by Blohm+Voss, was launched in April 2006 and commissioned in April 2008 in the Baltic port of Warnemünde in Northeast Germany. The Braunshweig and the other four ships are to be retrofitted with bow thrusters in order to improve manoeuvrability in port.

The remaining four K130 ships are: FGS Magdeburg (F261) built by Lurssen, launched in September 2006, commissioned in September 2008; FGS Erfurt (F262) built by Thyssen Nordseewerke, launched in March 2007, yet to be commissioned; FGS Oldenburg (F263) built by Blohm + Voss, launched in July 2007, yet to be commissioned; FGS Ludwigshafen (F264) built by Lurssen, launched in September 2007, yet to be commissioned. The gearing problems on FGS Braunshweig and FGS Magdeburg have delayed the commissioning of the remaining vessels.

Ships in class

Name Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Status
F260 Braunschweig Blohm + Voss 3 December 2004 19 April 2006 16 April 2008 In active service
F261 Magdeburg Lürssen-Werft 19 May 2005 6 September 2006 22 September 2008 In active service
F262 Erfurt Nordseewerke 22 September 2005 29 March 2007 28 February 2013 In active service
F263 Oldenburg Blohm + Voss 19 January 2006 28 June 2007 21 January 2013 In active service
F264 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Lürssen-Werft 14 April 2006 26 September 2007 21 March 2013 In active service


German Navy to receive five additional K130 corvettes: Here


Germany will buy an additional five K130 type corvettes in 2017 to offset delays to the MKS 180 Multi-Role Combat Ships (MRCSs) programme, the German coalition government announced on 14 October.

“To meet new security needs in the Baltic Sea, in the Mediterranean Sea, and globally, the coalition plans to buy five new corvettes for EUR1.5 billion [USD1.64 billion] for the German Navy,” the two rapporteurs for the ruling coalition on the influential parliamentary budget committee, Johannes Kahrs and Eckhard Rehberg, said in a joint statement.

The news follows the German Ministry of Defence (MoD) notifying parliament in early October that the final contract negotiations concerning the planned four MKS 180 MRCSs needed to be extended, delaying the project by six months.

K130 corvette design and features

The K130 corvettes are designed with stealth features, low draft, and highly automated weapons and defence systems to support littoral warfare and particularly for operations of a multi-national crisis reaction force.

The corvettes have a continuous maximum speed of over 26kt and a cruising range of more than 2,500nm. The displacement is about 1,580t, overall length 88m and breadth 13.2m. The K130 corvettes have an endurance of seven days or, with tender support, 21 days.

A high level of automation and integration, including the automated and integrated bridge, allows the corvettes to be operated by a crew of 50. Some important technologies featured in the type 124 frigates have been incorporated into the K130, including network technology with distributed computer software for weapon, command and control systems.

Command and control

F 264  –  FGS Ludwigshafen am Rhein – Wilhelmshaven 26.08.2008 – Images: Günter Janßen

The K130 is equipped with a Thales Netherlands SEWACO sensor, weapon control and command system, together with link 11 and link 16 tactical communications.

Bridge of Brunswick –

Thales Nederland Mirador provides electro-optic surveillance and fire control.

Mirador’s sensors include colour TV camera, infrared camera and an eye-safe laser rangefinder. The identification friend or foe (IFF) is a MSSR 2000 I-type system from Cassidian.

FSG Braunschweig class Corvette K130 German Navy Marine

K130’s integrated communications suite includes a UHF satellite-communications (SATCOM) and UHF / VHF / HF communications supplied by EADS.

Thales Nederland Mirador

MIRADOR is a lightweight, compact, electro-optical multi-sensor.

It is a surveillance, tracking and fire control system of a stealthy design, which will contribute to a ship’s effort to remain undetected.

MIRADOR is designed for use on a wide range of platforms, from small patrol craft to large carriers, where it acts as an observation system and fire control director for distant optical investigation, as well as anti-surface and anti-air warfare.

The MIRADOR fire control system incorporates the latest technological features such as carbon fibre shell structure and a direct-drive servo system.

Thanks to its four sensors MIRADOR is capable of combining optical surveillance (good image quality) and tracking capabilities (good contrast).

It uses two daylight TV cameras (surveillance & tracking), and an IR camera (tracking).

An eye-safe laser range finder and an optronic tracking unit ensure that accurate target position indication is carried out.

Main features

  • Optimal combination of surveillance and tracking characteristics due to an extensive optronic sensor suite, comprising colour TV camera, fixed-focus TV camera, IR camera, and an eye-safe laser range finder.
  • Very fast engagement sequence thanks to:
    • direct drive brushless servo system,
    • auto-acquisition algorithms.
  • Stealthy design.
  • Operational features:
    • naval gunfire support,
    • splash spotting.


MSSR 2000 I-type system from Cassidian identification friend or foe (IFF)

The standard MSSR interrogator for the ASR-E system is the MSSR 2000 I.

The Interrogator MSSR 2000 I is of modular design. The system fulfills all requirements for a European Mode S Station for elementary surveillance as well as for enhanced surveillance, ground/air data link including de-centralized control in a cluster application.

The Interrogator MSSR 2000 I includes reasonable growth capability to allow the incorporation of new modes or features in the future as a result of its modern technology.

The MSSR 2000 I operates in the following modes which conform to ICAO Annex 10 and STANAG 4193 part 1 – 4 requirements:

  • Mode 1,2,3/A,C,4
  • Mode S (level 4)
  • Mode A/C/S All-Call
  • Mode A/C only All-Call
  • Mode 1,2,3/A,C mode interlace
  • Supermode

The MSSR 2000 I can interrogate in “interlace modus”, (sequences of different modes freely programmable by the user through menu guided input)e.g. M1:M1 or A:A:C or any other desired sequence. The design of the MSSR 2000 I includes the capability to be upgraded to the new military Mode 5. Source:

K130 missiles

The German Navy has authorized on 3 June 2016 the use of the surface-to-surface Saab RBS-15 Mk3 missiles aboard the K130-class corvettes. This type of missiles will give the Marine the capability to engage land targets from the sea.An RBS15 Mk3 is launched from German Navy Braunschweig class corvette “Magdeburg” during operational test in 2015. Picture: Diehl

The German BWB Federal Office for Defence Technology and Procurement and the German Navy selected the RBS 15 mk3 surface-to-surface missile for the K130 corvettes. The RBS 15 mk3, developed by Saab Bofors Dynamics and Diehl BGT Defence, is a fire-and-forget day and night anti-ship missile with land-attack capability.

The K130 class carries four RBS15 missiles. The missile uses active Ku-band radar homing and has a range of more than 200km. The missile has a high subsonic speed, Mach 0.9, and is armed with a 200kg warhead.

German Navy K130 Corvettes Ready for Saab RBS-15 Mk3 Anti-Ship Missiles: Here


The German Navy (Marine) has authorized on 3 June 2016 the use of the surface-to-surface Saab RBS-15 Mk3 missiles aboard the Braunschweig class (K-130) corvette. This type of missiles will give the Marine the capability to engage land targets from the sea.

The K130 class corvettes are armed with two Raytheon / RAMSYS Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) 21-cell mk49 surface-to-air missile launchers. The RAM guided-missile weapon system is a naval self-defence system for engagement of hostile aircraft and incoming missiles. The RAM missile has a dual-mode radar / infrared seeker and a range of 9.5km.

SAAB RBS15 MK3 Anti Ship Missile

Developed as an upgrade of combat proven RBS15 Mk2 missile, the Mk3 was successfully test fired at an FMV (the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration) test range in October 2008. The first missile was assembled outside Sweden in Germany in December that year.

The RBS15 Mk3 is a fire-and-forget, subsonic cruise type missile launched from ships and trucks. The missile can be used for anti-ship missions and land strikes.

Variations of RBS15 Mk3 missile

The RBS15 Mk3 is available in three versions – ship-launched, truck-launched and air-launched. The ship-launched variant can be installed on small and large sized warships such as fast patrol boats, frigates and corvettes. The missile is easily integrated with the combat management system and can be operated as stand-alone or fully integrated architecture.

The air-to-ship launched version is suitable for modern fighter aircraft. The rapidly deployed truck-launched missile battery provides coastal defence against hostile forces. The highly mobile launch platforms allow the launch of the missile from hidden positions located far away from the coast.

RBS15 Mk3 design and features

The forward part of the RBS15 Mk3 missile includes guidance and electronics section followed by warhead and fuel section. The rearward section consists of wings and turbojet engine and two parallel booster motors. The missile has cruciform wings that can be retracted during storage.

The missile has a length of 4.35m, fuselage diameter of 0.5m and a wing span of 1.4m. The launch and in-flight weights of the missile are 800kg and 650kg respectively. The RBS15 Mk3 can strike targets within the range of 200km, while travelling at a subsonic speed of 0.9Mach.

RBS15 Mk3 guidance system

The RBS15 guidance and control system includes an inertial navigation system and a GPS receiver, a radar altimeter and a Ku-band radar target seeker. The RBS15 missiles are resistant of enemy countermeasures. Two or more missiles can be programmed to hit the target simultaneously from various directions to better penetrate the air defences of warships.

The missile features low radar cross section and IR signature. It has sophisticated target discrimination and selection capabilities. It is extremely resistant to chaff, active jammers, decoys and other electronic countermeasures (ECM).

The RBS15 Mk3 is a low sea-skimming missile performing unpredictable evasive manoeuvres. The missile increases its thrust in the terminal phase to defeat missiles, guns and close-in weapon systems (CIWS). The missile engagement planning system (MEPS) provides advanced user interface for generating plans for different scenarios.

Warhead and propulsion of RBS15 Mk3 SSM

The missile can be equipped with an optimised heavy HE blast-fragmentation warhead. The highly efficient warhead can penetrate into the hull of any modern vessel.

The ship and truck-launched RBS15 Mk3 variants are launched by two booster motors. The missile is powered by TR 60-5 variable-thrust turbo-jet engine developed by Microturbo (a Safran Group company and subsidiary of Turbomeca). The TR60-5 engine incorporating a 3-stage-axial compressor delivers a thrust of 350 to 440daN. Source

TR60-5 engine


The TR 60-5 family is primarily used for applications of the drone or target drone type.

As such, this engine range powers most of the target drone in service in the united states within the US AirForce AFSAT program and the US NAVY SSAT Program.

Moreover, it perfectly meets the requirements for heavy missile applications such as the RBS 15Mk 3.



Length 4.35 m
Fuselage   diameter 0.50 m
Wingspan 1.40 m
Weight (in flight) 630 kg
Weight (w.   boosters) 800 kg
Seeker Active   radar
Speed 0.9 Mach   (subsonic)
Range >200 km
Trajectory Multiple 3D waypoints


The K130 class corvettes are armed with two Raytheon / RAMSYS Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) 21-cell mk49 surface-to-air missile launchers. The RAM guided-missile weapon system is a naval self-defence system for engagement of hostile aircraft and incoming missiles. The RAM missile has a dual-mode radar / infrared seeker and a range of 9.5km.

Raytheon / RAMSYS Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM)

RAM Block 1A Missile

A supersonic, lightweight, quick-reaction, fire-and-forget weapon, the RAM system is designed to destroy anti-ship missiles. Requiring no additional direction upon launch, its passive radio frequency and infrared guidance design provide high-firepower capability for engaging multiple threats simultaneously. The missile is continually improved to stay ahead of the ever-evolving threat of anti-ship missiles, helicopters, aircraft and surface craft. Source

General Characteristics, RAM Block 1A Missile Specifications

General Characteristics, RAM Block 1A Missile Specifications
Primary Function: Ship Self Defense.
Contractor: Raytheon.
Date Deployed: August 1999
Propulsion: Solid-propellant rocket.
Length: 9.3 ft 2.83 m
Diameter: 5 inches (12.70 centimeters)
Wingspan: 17.5 in / 44.5 cm
Weight: 164 lbs. (74.4 kilograms)
Speed: Supersonic
Amphibious Assault Ships (LHA/LHD)
Landing Platform Dock Ships (LPD)
Carriers (CVN)
Dock Landing Ships (LSD)
Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)
Warhead: 7.9 lbs. (explosive weight).


RAM Mark49 Launcher

General Characteristics, RAM Mark49 Launcher Specifications

General Characteristics, RAM Mark49 Launcher Specifications 
Primary Function: Ship Self Defense
Above-Deck Weight: 11,466 lbs. (5,201 kg) loaded with Block 1 missiles; 12,081 lbs (5428kg) with Block 2 missiles
Below-Deck Weight: 2,068 lbs (938 kg)
Working Circle: 129 in./3.28 m
Train: +360 degrees
Elevation: -25 degrees to +80 degrees
Missile Capacity: 21
Contractor: Raytheon.


K130 guns

F 260  –  FGS Braunschweig –

The ship’s main gun is the Oto Melara 62-calibre 76mm Super Rapid naval gun, which has a rate of fire of 120 rounds a minute. The corvette also carries two 27mm Mauser guns.

Oto Melara 62-calibre 76mm Super Rapid naval gun

Canon de 76mm et système RAM (© BUNDESWEHR) – Source –

The Oto-Melara / Oto-Breda 76/62SR 76mm (3-inches) 62-caliber Super Rapid gun is a lightweight, automatic loading, rapid fire naval gun system used against shore, sea and air targets.

The ready-ammunition magazine for one of the 76mm gun mounts. Variants of the lightweight Oto Melara are one of the most popular gun mounts in the world, in no small part because of their minimal impact on ship designs. The revolving ready-ammunition magazine for one of the 76mm gun mounts

Manufacturer: 1963-2001 Oto-Melara / 2001- OtoBreda
Produced: Compact: 1963- / Super Rapid: 1988-

Technical data:
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Traverse: 360°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds

16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition

– Compact
– Super Rapid
– Stealth casing
– DAVIDE/STRALES radio frequency guidance system for DART guided ammunition

– HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)
– MOM (multi-role OTO munition)
– PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition
– SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km
– SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km
– DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets
(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km
– VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development


2 × 27 mm MLG 27 remote-controlled autocannons

This is the navalized version of the 27 mm BK 27 aircraft gun used on the Tornado and Gripen fighter aircraft. Fire control is provided by a system from STN Atlas Elektronik with target tracking, fire control computation as well as gun control performed from a remote operator console. Sensors include a thermal imager, TV camera, laser range finder and automatic target tracking system with a video tracker.

27 mm MLG 27 remote-controlled autocannons

This weapon was designed by Mauser-Werke Oberndorf Waffensysteme GmbH, a Rheinmetall DeTec subsidiary, to replace older 20 mm and 40 mm guns and the mounting does not require deck penetration. Can be operated remotely or locally with a joystick. 83 of these weapons have been ordered by the German Navy.

This weapon is a gas-operated automatic revolver cannon. Can be assembled for either left- or right-hand feed, and uses linkless ammunition with a case recovery system.

DESIGNATION 27 mm MLG 27 Light Naval Gun System
SHIP CLASS USED ON 122, 123 and 124-class frigates, 332 and 333-class minehunters and minesweepers, 352-class mine countermeasures ships, 404-class tenders and 702-class supply ships
Planned for K 130 corvette class
DATE OF DESIGN about 1990 (Original aircraft design)
DATE IN SERVICE 2003 (Navalized Version)
GUN WEIGHT 37.5 lbs. (17kg)
GUN LENGTH OA 91 in (2.310 m)
RATE OF FIRE 1,700 +/-100 rpm cyclic, lower training rates possible


F 261 FGS Magdeburg


The corvettes have two Rheinmetall Defence decoy-based Multi Ammunition Softkill System (MASS) for protection from sensor-guided missile attacks. MASS uses programmable omni-spectral ammunition (OMNI TRAP) for protection against ultraviolet, electro-optical, infrared and radar-guided weapons.

2 x Rheinmetall Defence decoy-based Multi Ammunition Softkill System (MASS)

The automatic decoy system MASS provides a unique level of protection against modern sensor-guided missiles. MASS can be installed on ships of all types and can be integrated into existing command systems. The new MASS_ISS features built-in sensors for detecting radar and laser threats. Programmable and omni-spectral, the system’s innovative ammunition provides protection in all relevant wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum.


F260_Braunschweig Multi Ammunition Softkill System (MASS) on lower right and MIRADOR is a lightweight, compact, electro-optical multi-sensor on rear mast –

The corvette’s Electronic Support Measures (ESM) system is the EADS SPS-N 5000 radar ESM, operating over frequencies 2GHz to 18GHz. The system intercepts, locates, analyses, classifies and identifies threats and has multiple target tracking capability. The countermeasures suite also includes the EADS SPN / KJS 5000 jammer.


SPS-N-5000 and KSJ-N-5000 ESM systems on main mast

The K-130 corvette will be also equipped with the Ewation (Ulm, Germany) UL 5000K electronic-support-measures/electronic-countermeasures (ESM/ECM) system, based on the Aldebaran system developed for Spain’s F100 frigate. The system consists of an ESM subsystem, working in the frequency range of 2-18 GHz, and an ECM subsystem for active radar jammning. According to some sources, these subsystems are designated SPS-N-5000 and KSJ-N-5000, respectively. The system intercepts and analyzes radar signals and classifies them according to data stored in its reprogrammable threat library. It has multiple-target-tracking capabilities and a high signal- and bearing-measurement accuracy. Interestingly, the system does not control the other countermeasures directly but only provides inputs to a combat-management system, which uses multiple data sources (such as radar, Link 11/16/22) to control the countermeasures launchers. source

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 2000s
Sensors / EW:
SPS-N-5000 – ESM
Role: ELINT w/ OTH Targeting
Max Range: 926 km



EADS Defense Electronics supplied the TRS-3D air and surface search radar which operates at C-band.

The TRS-3D is a 3D multi-mode maritime radar capable of automatic detection and tracking of all types of air and surface threats, including the early detection of low flying or fast moving threats such as missiles, fast boats, unmanned air vehicles and drones.

TRS-3D air and surface search radar

Naval 3D Multi-Mode Surveillance and Target Acquisition Radar

TRS-3D is a modular, highly reliable, countermeasure-resistant, medium-range air and surface surveillance system.

It is a fully coherent multi-mode phased array C band radar capable of fully automatic detection, track initiation, and classification of various types of targets. Even under severe clutter conditions encountered in the littoral,  it detects and tracks with a particular emphasis on small, fast and low-flying aircraft, missiles, hovering helicopters and asymmetric threats. This ensures minimal operator workload and maximises operational effectiveness.


The corvette is fitted with two Raytheon Marine Pathfinder ST mk2 navigation radars operating at E, F and I bands.


The corvette accommodates one medium-sized helicopter. The K130 corvettes could be equipped with two vertical take-off and landing unmanned air vehicles (VTOL UAVs) for air reconnaissance and over-the-horizon targeting (OTHT), but a decision was taken in 2005 not to install UAV systems on the corvettes.

Drone Camcopter S-100 (© BUNDESWEHR) –

However, in August and September 2008, a series of trials with the Schiebel Camcopter S-100 UAV was conducted onboard FGS Braunschweig and FGS Magdeburg. The German Navy ordered the first batch of six UAVs for Braunschweig-class corvettes.

Schiebel Camcopter S-100 UAV


Main rotor diameter 3400 mm (133.9”)
Total length 3110 mm (122”)
Total height 1120 mm (44”)
MTO weight 200 kg (440 lbs)
Empty weight 110 kg (243 lbs)
Payload capacity 50 kg (110 lbs)
Fuel (internal tanks) 57 l (15.0 gal) AVGAS 100LL, JP-5 (NATO F-44), Jet A-1 (NATO F-35)
Payload electrical power 1000 W @ 24 V DC
Data link range Up to 200 km (108 nm) available


Maximum airspeed (VNE) 130 kn (240 km/h) IAS
Dash speed 120 kn (222 km/h) IAS
Loiter speed 55 kn IAS (102 km/h) for maximum endurance
Endurance >6 h with 34 kg (75 lbs) payload plus optional external fuel tank extending endurance to >10 h
Service ceiling 18000 ft in ISA conditions @ reduced GW
Airframe loading +3.5 g to  -1 g rated
Operating temperature -40°C to +55°C (-40°F to +131°F)
Wind (takeoff and landing) Up to 25 kn (46 km/h)


Diesel propulsion

Corvette type K130 in the North Sea (© BUNDESWEHR) – Source:

The K130 is fitted with two MTU 20V 1163 TB 93 diesel engines producing 14.8MW, driving two controllable-pitch propellers.

CAE supplies the vessel’s integrated machinery control system (IMCS).

2 x MTU 20V 1163 TB 93 diesel engines

Engine model 20V 1163 TB93
Rated power to DIN ISO 3046 ICFN
Rated power max. kW ( bhp ) 7400 (9923)
Speed max. rpm 1300
Exhaust emission 10
Dimensions and masses without gearbox
Length (L) mm (in) 5350 (210,6)
Width (W) mm (in) 1898 (74,7)
Height (H) mm (in) 3172 (124,9)
Mass (dry) kg (lbs) 22800.00 (50265.00)
Dimensions and masses with gearbox
Length (L1) mm (in) On request, please contact your MTU dealer ()
Width (W) mm (in) 1898 (74,7)
Height (H1) mm (in) On request, please contact your MTU dealer ()
Mass (dry) kg (lbs) On request, please contact your MTU dealer ()
Gearbox model On request, please contact your MTU dealer
Transmission ratio on request
Engine main data
Bore/Stroke mm (in) 230/280 (9,1/11)
Cylinder displacement l 11,63
Displacement, total l (cu in) 232,7 (14200)
Intake air temparature °C 25
Sea water temperature °C 25
Site altitude above sea level m 100
Barometric pressure mbar 1000
Power reduction at 45/32 °C % 3
Fuel consumption l/h (gal/h) 1998,8 (527,9)


10 = IMO Tier I (Marpol Convention)


Technical Data


Main material source

J-20 as an offensive weapon since induction and performs well – Video

J-20 as an offensive weapon, since induction, perform well in platform stability, stealth capability, multi-sensor integration, fire control

Chengdu J-20: Details