Two SIGMA 10514 Perusak Kawal Rudal (PKR) guided-missile frigates are being built by PT PAL Indonesia (Persero), in collaboration with Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding (DSNS) for the Indonesian Navy (TNI-AL).
Frigates are designed to perform various missions, including patrolling the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Indonesia, deterrence, maritime security, search-and-rescue, anti-surface, and electronic and anti-air warfare.
The frigates can also be used for humanitarian support tasks.
Original Sigma Frigate 10514 design
Orders and deliveries of SIGMA 10514 PKR frigates
The SIGMA 10514 PKR guided-missile frigate project was launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Defence in August 2010.
The ministry awarded a contract to DSNS for the construction of the first SIGMA 10514 PKR frigate in December 2012. First steel was cut in January 2014, and the keel was laid in April 2014 at lead integrator PT PAL’s shipyard in Surabaya, Indonesia.
Four of six core modules were built at Surabaya shipyard, while the remaining two were constructed and tested at Vlissingen shipyard in the Netherlands. The ship was launched in January 2016 and her sea trials were completed in September 2016. It was delivered in January 2017.
TNI-AL / Sigma 10514 design
|KRI Raden Eddy Martadinata
||16 April 2014
||18 January 2016
||7 April 2017
||Raden Eddy Martadinata, a National Hero From Bandung and One of the founders Of Indonesian Navy
|KRI I Gusti Ngurah Rai
||29 September 2016
||Planned for 2017
||I Gusti Ngurah Rai, a National Hero From Bali Island and Leader on Puputan War against Dutch Colonialist
A contract for the construction of the second guided-missile frigate was signed in February 2013. The first steel was cut in September 2014 and the keel-laying ceremony was held in December 2014.
In November 2013, Thales was awarded a contract by DSNS to deliver a full mission systems suite for the first two frigates.
Indonesia commissions first Martadinata-class frigate: Here
Indonesian Navy receives second PKR frigate KRI I Gusti Ngurah Rai: Here
The Indonesian Navy received its second Perusak Kawal Rudal (PKR) guided-missile frigate KRI I Gusti Ngurah Rai during a ceremony in Surabaya, Indonesia, on October 30.
Named after the Indonesian War of Independence hero who fought against the Dutch between 1945 and 1949, KRI I Gusti Ngurah Rai is the second of two frigates built by Indonesian shipbuilder PT Pal and Dutch shipbuilder Damen through a transfer of technology agreement.
Design, features and accommodation of SIGMA 10514 PKR
Bridge – Image: lancercell.com
SIGMA 10514 PKR’s hull structure is made using grade A / AH36 shipbuilding steel. The ship is 105.11m-long, 14.2m-wide and has a displacement of approximately 2,365t.
The fully air-conditioned cabin accommodates 100 crew members and 20 additional officers. An integrated bridge console, which is equipped with an electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS), provides all-round visibility and safe operation.
The ship features a helicopter hangar and an aft flight deck with astern fuelling capabilities to hold and operate a 10t helicopter during day and night. It can carry two rigid hulled inflatable boats (RHIBs) for patrol and transport operations.
Weaponry and countermeasures aboard the frigate
The guided-missile frigate is armed with a close-in weapon system, a 76mm medium-calibre gun, two SSM launchers, and a 12-cell vertical launch short-range air defence system (VL SHORADS).
76mm medium-calibre gun
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition
– HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)
– MOM (multi-role OTO munition)
– PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition
– SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km
– SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km
– DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets
(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km
– VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development
Exocet MM40 Block 3
The MM40 Block 3 missile, complete with a Microturbo TRI 40 turbojet engine, began development 2004 and was first tested from a ship in 2010. Improvements to the MM40 Block 3 include internal navigation and GPS upgrades. These updates, combined with a frequency modulated continuous wave radar altimeter, allows for control of the missile’s altitude over various types of terrain. This missile is armed with a 160 kg high explosive/semi-armour piercing warhead and an active radar terminal seeker 9 Additional upgrades include increased evasive capabilities such as the ability to make a 180 degree turn post-launch, allowing the MM40 to evade defense missile systems. These upgraded missiles will be both ship- and ground-launched and will be deployed first onto Forbin (Horizon)-class destroyers and then to La Fayette-class frigates.
Originated From: France
Possessed By: Numerous (see table below)
Class: Anti-ship Cruise Missile
Length: 4.69- 5.95 m
Diameter: 350 mm
Launch Weight: 655-870 kg
Payload: Single warhead
Warhead: 165 kg HE fragmentation or semi-armor piercing
Propulsion: Solid fueled (MM40 Block 3 uses a Microturbo TRI 40 turbojet)
Range: 40-180 km
In Service: 1975
||MM40 Block 2
||MM40 Block 3
||165 kg HE frag.
||165 kg HE frag.
||160 kg HE frag.
||Argentina, Bahrain, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Iraq, Ivory Coast, South Korea, Kuwait, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay
||Brazil, Greece, Indonesia, Malaysia, Morocco, South Africa
||Greece, Indonesia, Morocco, UAE, Vietnam
12-cell vertical launch short-range air defence system
The VL MICA is a weapon system with an unmatched self-defence and local area defence capability for a wide range of surface combatant vessels VL MICA is available with two state-of-the-art seekers (IR or RF).
It can counter the most severe IRCM-ECM scenarios with a very high kill probability.
VL MICA offers a real multiple target capability (autonomous guidance, extremely short reaction time) and all target capability (aircraft, missiles, PGMs, smart bombs and helicopters) with low training costs and reduced manpower requirements.
VL MICA is integrated to the ship combat system, which provides target designation data from existing air defence sensors. No dedicated fire control system is needed (neither illuminator nor radar tracker).
The missile is launched from an individual storage container (no additional VLS), providing 360° engagement coverage and maintaining ship stealth and stability. The system compactness and modularity enable installation on a wide range of warships for new built or refit.
The VL MICA has already been procured by several navies all over the world. Source mbda-systems.com
Two triple torpedo launchers are provided for anti-submarine warfare. The ship is also equipped with guided-missile systems and gun systems for anti-air warfare, as well as anti-surface warfare operations.
Its countermeasure capabilities include two decoys / chaff, electronic support measures (ESM), and electronic countermeasures (ECM).
The SIGMA 10514 PKR incorporates STIR 1.2 Mk2 electro-optical (EO) fire control system, identification friend or foe (IFF), KINGKLIP hull-mounted sonar, SMART-S Mk2 3D multi-beam surveillance, and target indication radar.
STIR 1.2 EO Mk 2 is the main fire control. R-ESM capability rely on Vigile Mk 2. L3 Wescam MX-10MS optronic surveillance system and Terma SKWS C-Guard (Example May not be exact model)
STIR 1.2 Mk2 electro-optical (EO) fire control system
• High precision fire control for small to medium caliber guns and short range missile systems. Use of K band radar with its small beam width greatly reduces low elevation multipath errors.
• Optional Continuous Wave Illumination for guidance of semi-active homing missiles such as ESSM. With the STIR family of products, Thales has a long history of over 35 years with Standard Missile illumination.
• Optional stealth covers for reduced RCS. Extensive simulation techniques as well as an anechoic measurement room have been used to optimize the stealth characteristics.
• Small target detection in strong clutter. The extremely stable and low noise front end with large dynamic range in combination with advanced coherent Doppler processing enable the detection of small targets in rough sea, adverse weather and land clutter environments.
• Radar surveillance mode for improved situational awareness and early threat detection.
• Observation, classification and tracking with multiple optical sensors.
• High system reliability thanks to Solid State transmitters. These transmitters have a large number of power amplifiers in parallel which provides graceful degradation in case of failure.
• Easy maintenance through Built-In Tests and repair by replacement.
• The system is in full series production.
• Target Tracking
• Optical Surveillance
• Optical Target acquisition
• Radar Surveillance
• Radar Target acquisition
• CW Illumination (optional)
During target tracking the following functions are available:
• Shell spotting
• Missile launch detection
• Multiple target detection
• Kill assessment support
KINGKLIP hull-mounted sonar
KINGKLIP is particularly efficient to detect submarines in rough sea states and coastal/littoral waters, where difficult reverberation conditions prevail.
It complements a CAPTAS Variable Depth Sonar to provide good coverage above & below the thermal layer.
- Designed for medium size Surface Combatant
- Cylindrical array installed inside an acoustically transparent dome (keel mounted)
- ASW all-round surveillance
- Several transmit configurations allowing operation with two ships in the same area
- Integrated On-Board-Training capability
- Embedded bathythermograph & performance prediction function for sonar optimisation
• Comprehensive Built-in Test capability
- Can be operated either from CMS consoles or stand-alone
- Directional/sectorial transmission
- Underwater telephone capability
- Powerful ASW Sonar Suite when integrated with CAPTAS VDS and sonobuoys
Array (Weight/Height/Diameter): (1.4t / 0.7m / 1.2m)
Active frequency range: 5250 to 8000 Hz
Pulse types: Hyperbolic FM, CW and COMBO
Pulse length: 60 ms to 4 s
Range scale: 1 to 72 kYds
– ASW: all-round surveillance
– Obstacle Avoidance: ± 90° off the ship’s bow
FM bandwidth: Wide bandwidth (2 kHz) against reverberation effect
Passive frequency range: 1000 to 8000 Hz.
Passive functions: All around broadband surveillance, LOFAR, DEMON & audio channels
Frigates also feature a LINK-Y datalink, an integrated internal and external communication system and extensive air, surface and sub-surface surveillance capabilities. Source thalesgroup.com
Thales Link Y Mk.2
Network centric mission Thales Link Y Mk.2 – Image: thalesgroup.com
Naval version (“shipborne”)
Link Y Mk2 is built in a compact housing compliant to military standards that meet the requirements for equipment in a naval environment. The naval version is to be integrated into any Combat Management System, e.g. TACTICOS, for surface vessels or submarines. Alternatively, the naval version can be delivered with a local control station to act as a standalone system on board. Source thalesgroup.com
Thales Network centric – Image: thalesgroup.com
SMART-S Mk2 3D multi-beam surveillance, and target indication radar
SMART-S Mk2, Thales’s 3D multibeam radar, operates in S-band and is optimised for medium-to-long-range surveillance and target designation in littoral environments.
SMART-S Mk2 is the naval 3D air and surface surveillance radar operating in E/F-band. The multi-beam concept creates a long time-on-target resulting in excellent performance over the whole coverage. Pulse-Doppler processing enables fast target track initiation and stealth target detection, even in a cluttered environment. The use of solid-state transmitters extends the system reliability and allows for graceful degradation.
The latter consisting of a mix of sea, land, islands, coastal rains and thunderstorms and a multiple of radar targets including small surface targets, helicopters and anti-ship missiles. Furthermore, SMART-S Mk2 is designed to match the full performance of surface to air missiles (SAM), such as the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile (ESSM). SMART-S Mk2 is extremely suitable as the main air and surface surveillance radar in a one radar concept for light frigates, corvettes and ships such as Landing Platform Docks (LPD).
With its 2 main modes, 250-km range, special helicopter mode, surface fire channels, easy installation, high reliability and easy maintainability, SMART-S Mk2 is again a step forward in Thales’s radar development. SMART-S Mk2 is very successful. At present, over 50 systems were sold to navies all over the world. They will be installed on new ships as well as on older vessels that are being modernized.
- Multi-beam with full Doppler processing within each beam
- Dedicated Doppler channel for surface targets
- Fully automatic detection and tracking of air and surface targets
- Dedicated ECCM techniques
- Multipath suppression using beams under the horizon
- Graceful degradation due to multiple solid-state transmitters
Tacticos combat management system
One CMS for Warfighting and Maritime Security Operations
With its certified openness and scalability of the underlying architecture, Thales delivers a modular Combat Management System, matched to a variety of mission profiles and to a variety of vessel types.
Based on a recognized fire control capability worldwide, TACTICOS combines Combat Operations and Maritime Security Operations in one CMS. Open standards technology and a massive amount of subsystems interface implementations, make TACTICOS the core of the mission solution. With new looks and new features which are carefully designed for mission packages and are released according to the TACTICOS roadmap. This year’s release enables customers to:
– Set up networks in coalitions with secure internet access with ease
– Quickly recognize traffic trends and anomalous behaviour
– Discover relations between contacts of interest emitting AIS and ADS-B
– See compact and light-weight consoles fitting large and small naval vessels
– Apply 3D net-centric training integrated in TACTICOS.
In addition Thales offers dedicated mission packages such as Anti Air Warfare clusters, Fire Control clusters and Tactical datalink solutions.
The frigate’s nautical equipment includes two radars, global maritime distress and safety system A3 (GMDSS-A3) and a reference gyro.
Typical GMDSS installations for ships in international voyages (Area A3)
Propulsion of the guided-missile frigate
The combined diesel or electric (CODOE) propulsion system consists of two 10,000kW maximum continuous rating (MCR) diesel engines, two 1,300kW electric motors, two double input / single output gearboxes, and two 3.55m controllable pitch propellers.
Auxiliary units include six 715kWe generator sets, an 180kWe emergency generator set, two redundant distribution chilled water systems, degaussing and fire-fighting system with four main and one service pump.
Performance of SIGMA 10514 PKR frigate
The SIGMA 10514 PKR guided-missile frigate has a speed of 28kt. It can sail up to a range of 5,000nm at a 14kt speed and can endure for 20 days at sea.
Main material source naval-technology.com
Updated Nov 09, 2018