Yasen / Graney Class Submarine (Project 885/885M)

Yasen / Graney Class submarines are being built by Russia’s Sevmash shipyard for the Russian Navy. The submarines are being developed as part of Project 885 Yasen and are preceded by the Akula Class.

Akula class

The steel-hulled submarines of the Project 971 Schuka-B, designated by NATO as Akula class were easier and cheaper to built than the Sierras, and are essentially successors to the prolific Victor class. Today, they make up about half of Russia’s dwindling fleet of nuclear-powered attack submarines.

The first seven boats (designated in the West as the Akula I class) were constructed between 1982-90, and are the Puma, Delfin, Kashalot,Bars, Kit, Pantera and Narval. Five more (theVolk, Morzh, Leopard, Tigr and Drakon built between 1986-95) are classified as the Project 971 U or Improved Akula class, while a 13th boat, the Vepr of the Project 971M or Akula II class, was launched in 1995. Three additional boats the Belgograd and Kuguar launched between 1998-2000 as Akula II boats, are also incomplete. At least two more were projected but were not built. Nepra began sea trials in 2008. This boat was leased to India since 2011 until 2020. It was commissioned with the Indian Navy in 2012 as INS Chakra.

The design was approved in the early 1970s but modified in 1978-80 to carry the Granat (SS-N-21 Sampson) land attack cruise missiles. The Akula marked a significant improvement in Soviet submarine design as it is far quieter than the Victor and earlier SSNs. Furthermore it was far quitter than Western countries expected. The use of commercially available Western technology to reduce noise levels played an important role in this eroding a long-held NATO advantage in the underwater Cold War. Sensors were also much improved, the use of digital technology enabling them to detect targets at three times the range possible in a Victor.

The Akulas sport a massive tear-drop shaped pod on the after fin: this houses the Skat-3 VLF passive towed array. There is an escape pod built into the fin. The Improved Akula and Akula II boats are fitted with six additional 533-mm external torpedo tubes: as these cannot be reloaded from within the pressure hull, it is considered likely they are fitted with the Tsakra (SS-N-15 Starfish) anti-submarine missile. Additionally, the Akula II boats are credited with an increased operational diving depth.

The Vepr and Gepard boats of the Akula II class employ additional quieting measures. These became the first Russian submarines that were quieter than improved Los Angeles class, latest US attack submarines of that time.

Entered service 1986
Crew 62 men
Diving depth (operational) ~ 250 m
Diving depth (maximum) 450 m
Dimensions and displacement
Length 111.7 m
Beam 13.5 m
Draught 9.6 m
Surfaced displacement 7 500 tons
Submerged displacement 9 100 tons
Propulsion and speed
Surfaced speed 20 knots
Submerged speed 35 knots
Nuclear reactors 1 x 190 MW
Steam turbines 1 x 32 MW
Torpedoes and missiles 4 x 650 mm and 4 x 533-mm torpedo tubes for up to 40 torpedoes or missiles
Other up to 42 mines in place of torpedoes

Akula data military-today.com

The keel of the first submarine of the class, Severodvinsk (K-329), was laid down in December 2003. Construction was delayed due to a lack of funds. The Severodvinsk was launched in June 2010 for commissioning in 2012. The submarine completed its first sea trials in October 2011.

Severodvinsk submarine already causes headache to Pentagon: Here


In the Western press, some military experts having weighed fatty compliments, termed the Russian submarine “practically invulnerable”.

Both Pentagon and western media say, “By taking on K-329 Severodvinsk’s board Russia took the lead in submarine technology,” “the end of the Test Suitable Diving Submarine”, “K-329 Severodvinsk means that Russia has gone far ahead in submarine technology,” “Performances of the new submarine is such that it almost is impossible to detect in the oceans, making K-329 Severodvinsk virtually invulnerable in the face of the latest anti-weapons systems etc. ”

The second submarine, Kazan, was laid down in July 2009. It is expected to be launched during 2013-14 for commissioning before 2015. The Graney Class will replace the Akula Class and Oscar Class submarines.

The submarines can be deployed in anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, surveillance operations and special missions.

In November 2011, the Russian Government signed a contract with Sevmash shipyard for the construction of five Yasen Class submarines.

Russian Navy launch second Yasen class nuclear attack submarine: Here

Launch of the first porject 885M Yasen-M-class submarine K-561 Kazan (TASS picture via bmpd.livejournal.com)


“The Kazan is capable of carrying out any task: fighting aircraft carriers, hunting down enemy submarines or conducting massive missile strikes on land targets,” said Ivan Konovalov, director of the military policy and economy department at the Russian Institute of Strategic Studies.

885M Yasen-M


The first improved project-885M Yasen-M Class submarine, K-561 Kazan, was launched at the Sevmash yard on 31st March 2017. It is approximately 10-12 meters shorter than the first boat. The reduction in length is distributed across most sections with single frames removed from several places. The most significant external change is the elimination of the large vertical flank array immediately behind the bow sonar.

The smaller size is likely intended to reduce construction costs. Because of general improvements in technology the newer boats are unlikely to be any less capable than the original design, except perhaps in terms of passive sonar due to the reduced flank arrays. Source hisutton.com

HUSKY: Russia’s Next Generation Attack Submarine: Here

Image: hisutton.com


The Husky will be armed with Hyper-sonic anti-ship missile “Zircon”


Russia’s Zircon Carrier Killer missile reached speeds of 9,800km/h in recent test: Here


The news that Russia’s Zircon missile has attained unprecedented speed provoked alarming headlines in the Western media. RBTH summarizes what is known about one of Russia’s most classified military programs.

The newest nuclear submarine “Husk” will be developed for the Russian Navy


The “Khaska” submarine will be subjugated to the fifth generation of submarines

ST. PETERSBURG , July 3, 2017 , 16:46 – REGNUM informs   Work on the creation of the Russian nuclear multipurpose submarine “Husk” incorporated into the Russian state arms program (SAP) 2018-2025 years, said deputy commander of the Navy for Armament Vice-Admiral Victor Bursuc in during the St. Petersburg Naval Salon, the newspaper Izvestia reports.

According to Vice-Admiral Bursuk , the GPO 2018-2025 laid down experimental design work for the creation of the fifth-generation nuclear submarines in Russia, the project of which was codenamed “Husk”.

Victor Bursuk explained that the characteristics of these submarines are still classified, but they will significantly exceed the performance of existing submarines. In particular, their secrecy will be improved at least twice.

In addition, it has already been announced that the new nuclear submarine will be designed as a multi-purpose nuclear submarine.

As reported, the new Russian warships can be equipped with nuclear reactors of the RITM-200 type, which are to undergo operational testing on the new icebreaker Arktika, launched in St. Petersburg in the summer of 2016. Translated by Google  Source regnum.ru

Yasen / Graney design and features

The submarine’s hull is built with low magnetic steel to reduce its magnetic signature. The submarine is smaller than the Akula Class vessels but possesses more fire power. It is the first Russian submarine to be fitted with spherical sonar known as Irtysh-Amfora.

The torpedo tubes have been slanted due to the large size of the spherical sonar. The design houses torpedo-launching systems behind the central station compartment.

The submarine can accommodate 50 crew members. In comparison, the US Navy Virginia Class attack submarine has 134 crew members. The vessel has an overall length of 111m, a beam of 12m and a draft of 8.4m.

PLA K-329 “Severodvinsk” pr.885, probably in 2014 (photo – Vorkunkov Maxim, http://www.sevmash.ru is ). Translated by google – Source: militaryrussia.ru

Structure PL – polutorakorpusnaya – boat has a mixed architectural structural type with monohull design on the housing part length. Lightweight body is present in the bow of the boat and superstructure of the fence cutting. Rugged divided into 10 compartments and made from vysokoproch hydrochloric magnetic steel, probably with a yield of up to 100 kgf / mm (thickness 48 mm, processing presses FUJICAR). Assembling the housing block is performed by using a metal rope damper instead of conventional pneumatic rubber-cord . The equipment is mounted on a zonal Blocks massive frames. The new layout method ECUs and auxiliary equipment, cooling systems and reduce the noise power allowed by 10-15 dB. Used vibration-laminated beams, stanchions, conduits and duct elements, other designs, reducing vibration noise by 10-30 dB. The equipment is mounted on a vibration-absorbing honeycomb body made of composite materials. Each structural unit is covered with sound-insulating panels. The housing is covered with a rubber protivogidroakusticheskim PLA coating. The boat used active damping system (SAG) to limit the noise of discrete frequency components of 50-500 Hz.

On SSGNs pr.885M expected use protivogidroakusticheskih type body coverings “Lightning-M” and “Lightning-M-control.” On submarines implemented outboard reinforcement circulation routes or analogous type “Fin”.

Hull construction and outboard fittings circulation routes or similar type of “fin” on PLARK “Severodvinsk” pr.885, PO “Sevmash”, 15.06.2010 Translated by google – Source: militaryrussia.

Incision PLARK pr.885 “Ash”. Numbers: 

1 – Home spherical antenna HOOK; 2 – bow emergency buoy; 3 – a nose cone; 4 – Antenna cubicle; 5 – nasal hydroplanes; 6 – torpedopogruzochny hatch; 7 – antenna HOOK; 8 – the navigation bridge; 9 – FAC; 10 – non-penetrating periscope; 11 – lifting mast device; 12 – an access hatch; 13 – fifth missile compartment with PU 3P-14B; 14 – sixth reactor compartment with PUF biological protection tanks and pumps; 15 – cylinders VVD system; 16 – stern emergency buoy; 17 – stern hatch; 18 – steering compartment with drives handlebars feed; 19 – outlet towed antenna HOOK; 20 – the propeller shaft; 21 – permeable volumes; 22 – bow trim tanks; 23 – Bow Group BTF; 24 – CPU and the first compartment HOOK apparatus; 25 – nose AB; 26 – RDK cubicle; 27 – onboard TA; 28 – trped replacement tank; 29 – the central AB; 30 – ammo on racks and rapid charging apparatus; 31 – second torpedo compartment; 32 – a third compartment and a ship’s auxiliary equipment; 33 – fourth living compartment; 34 – average CCH group, a quick dip tank and the replacement tank missile (not shown); 35 – the seventh turbine compartment with PTU and APG; 36 – aft BTF group; 37 – GTZA; 38 – capacitor; 39 – HED; 40 – bay-eighth auxiliary mechanical equipment; 41 – the main thrust bearing of the propeller shaft; 42 – aft ballast tank.  (author – the Blue Deep Sea, http://paralay.com ).  Translated by google – Source: militaryrussia.ru


Following Western influences, the Pr.885 is unusual among Russian submarines for its single-hull construction amidships. This allows for four decks (five would be possible). The aft section, from the missile compartment back, returns to typical Russian double-hull construction.


The entire engineering compartment, and likely others, are on raft-mounted frames to reduce noise transference to the hull.

The control room is directly below the sail, behind the large multi-deck escape capsule which can accommodate the whole crew. The first boat was built with traditional masts but may be refitted with non-penetrating electrooptical masts which improve ISR (intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance) capabilities and reduce risk if the mast impacts a ship or other hazard. The control room is more modern than other Russian boats but still slightly dated by Western standards.


Source hisutton.com

Yasen testing her escape pod

Russian nuclear submarines will disappear from enemy radar: Here


The newest Russian submarines of Project 995 of the type “Borey-A” and 885 “Yasen-M” will turn into “black holes” for submarines, anti-submarine ships and enemy aircraft. They will become virtually indistinguishable for hydroacoustic stations – the main means of detecting submarines. These unique capabilities of the submarine were obtained thanks to the latest silent, hermetic pumps of domestic production. Previously, all Soviet and Russian boats were equipped with the products of the Moldavian scientific and technical center “Hydrotechnika”.

Submarine’s missiles

The submarine can launch long-range cruise missiles with nuclear warheads against submarines, surface warships and land-based targets. The submarine has eight vertical launching system tubes for cruise missiles.

The class is armed with 3M51 Alfa submarine-launched cruise missiles (SLCM), P-800 Oniks or the SS-N-21 Granat / Sampson SLCM. The 3M51 Alfa engages targets within the range of 300 to 800km and can carry a nuclear warhead.

Yasen-M has 10 VLS silos and 8 torpedo tubes

Kazan is the second boat of the project, separated from the first by 16 years (1993-2009). Differences in the design and equipment have appeared sufficient to consider her as a new updated version compared to Severodvinsk. The Yasen-M ship reportedly has two more VLS silos (10, compared to 8 on Severodvinsk), 2 fewer torpedo tubes (8, compared to 10 on Severodvinsk) and a pump-jet propulsion system. Source strategic-culture.org


8 x 4 Oniks SSM / Kalibr-PL CruM/SSM (VLS, 32 P-160 (3M55) / 3M14 / 3M54), 10 – 533 TT (30, inc. Granat CruM (3M10), Kalibr-PL CruM/SSM (3M14/3M54)) Translated by googleSource navypedia.org

P-900 Alfa (or also P-900A Alfa ) П-900 3М51 Альфа Alfa AFM-L

Image: airwar.ru

The P-900 Alfa (or also P-900A Alfa ) П-900 3М51 Альфа Alfa AFM-L , GRAU designation 3M51 , anti ship missile (with LACM capabilities) development from 3M14 3M51 SS-N-30 with P-800 Oniks P-700 Granit engine type , sub ships coastal . , can be operated on new Yasen submarine class , can be loaded on ships , coastal versions AShM . Developed at NPO Mashinostroyeniya . Alfa is designated also Novator KTRV Morinform Agat 3M54 3M54E P-900 . Modernization of Kirov class battlecruiser and new battlecruisers destroyers cruisers , included project Lider can be fitted with Tsirkon , Grom Meteorit , GELA , P1200 Bolid , P1000 Vulkan ,P900(A) 3M51 Alfa (NPO Energomash Chelomej) missiles.

Image: airwar.ru
Weight 2,600 kg (5,730 lb.) ship, submarine and coastal ? ;launched variants

1,600 kg. (3,527 lb.) air-launched variant ?

Length 8.0 m ?
Warhead 300 kg (661 lb) , 200 400 or more , HE TB FAE , TNW (100 <600 kt my estim) , other HE warhead type

Engine scramjet , ramjet , maybe with solid \ liquid rocket , turbofan version can be made , Turbojet + Rocket  ?
Propellant Liquid , solid
250 km (gs) , (can be greater 450 to far over 2600 km , it depend from propulsion engine propellants etc)
Speed hypersonic (M 4 6 to < 10 15 M +-) , at least in terminal phase (gs source cruise subsonic, attack Mach 2.5 – 700 m/s)
Active Radar (also can be TERCOM , sensors like IR , CCD TV camera Electro-Optical ,other)
naval ships, submarines, Transporter erector launchers ; can be Air Launched like for other SLCM , AShM

Source infogalactic.com

The P-800 Oniks is a long-range supersonic anti-ship missile fired against surface ships and submarines. The missile uses low-low and high-low flight patterns for targets within 120km to 300km.

It has a length of 8.9m and a diameter of 700mm. The maximum speed of the missile is Mach 3.

SS-N-26 (3M55/P-800 OniksAnti-Ship Missile

SS-N-26/3M55 Oniks/P-800 Yakhont/P-800 Bolid – supersonic 

3M55 Oniks/P-800 Yakhont/P-800 Bolid The supersonic P-800 Yakhont (Gem) is a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr [SS-N-7 Starbright]. The ship, submarine and coastal-launched Yakhont is launched from the unified ampoule-shaped transport-launching container (TLC). The container is 9 m long, is 0.71 m in diameter. The firing range reaches 300 km (162 nmi.) when flying along a combined trajectory and 120 kg (265 lb.) when following only a low-altitude trajectory. Flight speed varying over the range from M=2.0 to M=2.5 is provided by the kerosene-fueled multi-mode liquid-fuel ramjet. The P-800 Bolid is the encapsulated, submarine launched version of Yakhont. An air-launched version of the missile with the take-off weight of 2,500 kg (5,507 lb.) is also being developed. The closest American counterparts, the Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles, are subsonic; the best French antiship missile, the Exocet, has a range of only 45 miles. Source fas.org

Image: bastion-opk.ru

Note: Other sources state that the Russian domestic version has a range of 600Km

Country of Origin Russia
Builder Beriev
Role Amphibious anti-submarine patrol aircraft
Range 300 km mixed trajectory
120 km low trajectory
Speed Mach 2 to 2.5
Flight altitude 5 to 15 meters, final phase
Weight of warhead 200 kg [about]
Guidance active-passive, radar seeker head
Minimum target detection range 50 km in active mode
Maximum seeker head search angle 45 degrees
Propulsion ·  solid propellant booster stage ·  liquid-propellant ramjet sustainre motor
Launcher type underwater, surface ship, land
Launch method from closed bottom launch-container
Launch angle range 15 to 90 degrees
Weight 3,000 kg launch
3,900 kg in launch-container
Launch-container dimensions 8.9 meters length
0.7 meters diameter
The first launch of missiles “Onyx” with PLA “Seveodvinsk” pr.885. Publication of 11.29.2013 ( http://zvezdochka-ru.livejournal.com ). Translated by google – Source: militaryrussia.ru

3M14 missile Land Attack Missile

3M14K An inertial guidance land attack variant deployed by the Russian Navy. The submarine-launched weapon has a basic length of 6.2 m (20 ft), with a 450 kg (990 lb) warhead. Its range is 1,500–2,500 km (930–1,550 mi). Its subsonic terminal speed is Mach 0.8.

WEIGHT Varies on variant, from 1,300 kg-1780 kg- 2300 kg
LENGTH Varies on variant, from 6.2 m to 8.9 m
DIAMETER 0.533 m
WARHEAD about 500 kg or nuclear

Source wikiwand.com

Test launch KR 3M14 “Caliber” with PLA K-329 “Severodvinsk” pr.885, June 2013 ( http://forums.airbase.ru ). Translated by google –  Source: militaryrussia.ru

Advanced 3M-54E Club Anti-Ship Missile

Advanced 3M-54E Club Anti-Ship Missile – Supersonic

The Klub/Club is a family of modular, two-stage, multi-purpose missiles intended to engage ships, submarines and targets onshore. The Klub missiles can be launched from surface ships and submarines employing canisters, torpedo tubes and VLS. The missile can follow a ballistic or a low and medium altitude cruise trajectory pattern depending on the Klub missile version. They have been designed to destroy targets protected by sophisticated active air defenses and countermeasures. The Club-N designation applies to missile variants employed by surface vessels which launch this kind of weapon through Vertical Launch System (VLS). The Club-N missiles are provided within Transport-Launch Containers (TLCs).

Number of Stages: 2
Diameter: 533 millimeter
Length: 8.22 meter (27.0 foot)
Max Range: 220 kilometer (119 nautical mile)

Cruise Speed: 266 mps (958 kph)
Top Speed: 996 mps (3,587 kph)
Warhead: 200 kilogram (441 pound)
Weight: 2,300 kilogram (5,071 pound)

Source deagel.com

Torpedoes on the Russian Navy’s sub

The submarine is fitted with eight 25.6in torpedo tubes, mines and missiles. The tubes can launch VA-111 Shkval rocket torpedoes, SAET-60M, Type 65-76, Type 65K torpedoes and RPK-7/SS-N-16 Veter / Stallion anti-submarine rockets.

The VA-111 Shkval torpedo is 8.2m long and has a diameter of 533mm. It weighs 2,700kg and is capable of carrying a 210kg warhead.

The torpedo has a speed of 200kts and can hit targets from 7,000m to 13,000m. A total of 24 torpedoes, missiles or mines are carried by the tubes.

650 mm and 533 mm torpedoes 

The 650 mm and 533 mm torpedo tubes can be used for launching mines and anti-submarine missiles such as SS-N-16 Stallion, which can be armed with either an anti-submarine torpedo or a nuclear depth charge. The boat can carry as many as 30 torpedoes. Kazan will carry brand new Futlyar 533mm torpedo supplied with an improved homing system with an extended underwater target lock-on range. The torpedo’s range is 50 km, speed: over 50 knots and maximum launch depth: 400 m.

The Yasen-M is likely to be armed with the high speed underwater Shkval torpedo, which has a radius of seven to thirteen km and a speed of up to 200 knots. The SSGN is equipped with active anti-torpedo defenses and has some sort of anti-air capability – the 9K38 Igla surface-to-air missile system. Source strategic-culture.org

Futlyar 533mm torpedo

Image: nevskii-bastion.ru


Caliber mm 533 – 534.4

Length, mm 7200 (6100)

Weight, kg: 1980 – 2200 (1680)

Weight of explosives, however, kg: 300

Speed, kt:

  • 1 mode: 50
  • 2-Mode : 30 – 35

Range of stroke, m: 50000 – 60000 (40000)

depth of stroke, m: up to 500

shooting depth with submarines, m: up to 400

Radius response CLO km:

  • on submarines: 2.5
  • NDT: 1.2

indication time wakefield NK track, from: 350

Length of wire telecontrol km:

  • • torpedo coil 25
  • • towable coil 5

Range fuse, m:

  • on the FL 2
  • NDT: 6 – 8

Источник: http://nevskii-bastion.ru/ugst-torpeda/ ВТС «НЕВСКИЙ БАСТИОН» A.V.Karpenko

Comments by Navy Recognition:
The new torpedo is being tested at Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan. The Futlyar torpedo will be of heat-seeking design like the baseline model, but it will retain the ability to be controlled from the submarine. The Futlyar also will be given an improved homing system with an extended underwater target lock-on range.

The new torpedo will equip the Project 955A Borei-A (NATO reporting name: Dolgorukiy-class), Project 885 Yasen-class (Severodvinsk-class) and Project 885M Yasen-M in the first place. With the beginning of the Futlyar’s full-rate production, the production of the Fizik torpedo will be discontinued. The Futlyar has been developed by the St. Petersburg Research Institute of Marine Hardware and the Dagdizel plant will handle its production.

VA-111 Shkval rocket torpedo (Carrier killer)


The Shkval (“squall”) is a high-speed supercavitating rocket-propelled torpedo designed to be a rapid-reaction defense against U.S. submarines undetected by sonar. It can also be used as a countermeasure to an incoming torpedo, forcing the hostile projectile to abruptly change course and possibly break its guidance wires.


The torpedo has a nearly flat, conical disk at its nose that creates the gas cavity for supercavitation. The disk tilts to help guide the weapon and keep it stable. The cavity is supported by rockets venting just abaft the cavitator.


Four popout cylinders toward the aft end of the nose section keep the body of the torpedo stable and out of contact with the walls of the bubble in which it rides. At the rear of the torpedo are deflected control surfaces. Eight small rockets surround the main sustainer rocket. The main engine cuts in when the weapon has achieved supercavitation speed.

e55492f3dca2a81576639a90c0382314Guidance fins

Eight small rockets surround the main sustainer rocket. The main engine cuts in when the weapon has achieved supercavitation speed.

50cbf88c361195d0729e0c654ddd5da4Eight small rockets surround the main sustainer rocket

The solid-rocket propelled torpedo achieves a high velocity of 230 mph (386 kmh) by producing an envelope of supercavitating bubbles from its nose and skin, which coat the entire weapon surface in a thin layer of gas. This causes the metal skin of the weapon to avoid contact with the water, significantly reducing drag and friction.


The Shkval is fired from the standard 533-mm torpedo tube at a depth of up to 328 ft (100 m). The torpedo exits the tube at 50 knots (93 kmh) and then ignites the rocket motor, propelling the weapon to speeds four to five times faster than other conventional torpedoes. The weapon reportedly has an 80 percent kill probability at a range of 7,655 yd (7,000 m).


The torpedo is guided by an autopilot rather than by a homing head as on most torpedoes. The initial version was unguided. However, the Russians have indicated there is a homing version that starts at the higher speed and then slows and enters a search mode.


   Total                   5,953 lb    (2,700 kg)
      Shkval-E             460 lb (210 kg)

   Length                  26 ft 11 in (8,200 mm)
   Diameter                 1 ft  9 in (  533 mm)

      Maximum              230 mph (360 kmh, 100 m/sec, 200 kts)
                           Some reports say in excess of 300 mph (483 kmh)
      Exit from tube       50 kts (93 kmh)
   Range                   3.5 nm (4.0 mi,  6.4 km)
         launch            3.8 nm (4.4 mi,  7.0 km)
         cruise            5.4 nm (6.2 mi, 10.0 km)
         minimum           0.3 nm (0.3 mi,  0.5 km)
      launch depth         100 ft (30 m)
      cruise depth          20 ft ( 6 m)
      after-launch turning angle
                           +/-20 deg

         weight            463 lb (210 kg)
         type              TNT
      fuze                 contact/proximity

Source militaryperiscope.com


The SAET-60 is a passive acoustic homing torpedo that is launched by submarines. It was introduced somewhere between 1961 and 1966. The improved SAET-60M was introduced in 1969. It adds a second speed setting with a longer range and has a lighter warhead. Alternatively the SAET-60M is known as SAET-M. A nuclear version of the SAET-60 also exists, although designation is unknown.


Type Anti-ship torpedo
Platform Submarines
Diameter 533 mm
Length 7.80 m
Weight 1.855 kg
Warhead 300 kg explosive charge
Guidance Passive acoustic homing
Propulsion Twin propeller wakeless propulsion
Power supply Silver zinc battery, 46 cells
Speed 42 kt
Range 13 km at 42 kt
15 km at 35 kt
Depth Up to 400 m launch depth

SAET-60 nuclear version

Type Nuclear torpedo
Platform Submarines
Diameter 533 mm
Length 7.70 m
Weight 2.000 kg
Warhead Nuclear warhead, 20 kT
Guidance Non-homing
Propulsion Twin propeller wakeless propulsion
ower supply Silver zinc battery, 46 cells
Speed 35 kt
Range 10 km at 35 kt
20 km at 20 kt
Depth Up to 305 m launch depth

Source weaponsystems.net

RPK-7/SS-N-16 Veter / Stallion anti-submarine rocket


Construction of the complex started DB-9 (ICD “Innovator”) of the Decree of the USSR in December 1969, chief designer – L.V.Lyulev. Resolution of the USSR №302-116 “On the development work on the creation of underwater weapons” on May 4, 1976 specified the terms of the completion of the complex and taking it into service. . For complex tests of the submarine, etc. 633 refurbished pr.633RV towing the submarine S-49 (1973) and C-11 (1982) – refitted boats by type, etc.. 613RV . On the towing submarines pr.633RV held factory, aircraft design and state tests missiles. The complex is put into service in 1981. The complex “waterfall” is applied from the torpedo tubes of submarines, the modification of the complex RPK-6M “Waterfall-NK” is applied from the torpedo – launchers for surface ships. Translated by google – Source militaryrussia.ru

Image: jalopnik.com
General data:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 2800 kg
Length: 11.0 m Span: 0.65 m
Diameter: 0.65 Generation: None
Properties: Bearing-Only Launch (BOL), Weapon – INS Navigation, Level Cruise Flight
Targets: Submarine
SS-N-16 Stallion [RPK-7 Vodopei, UMGT-1 Torpedo] – (1985, 84R) Guided Weapon
Subsurface Max: 100 km.
Source cmano-db.com

Countermeasure systems of Yasen / Graney Class vessels

The submarine’s electronic countermeasures include a Rim Hat radar intercept receiver, a Snoop Pair surface search radar and a Myedvyeditsa-971 Radar.

Rim Hat radar intercept receiver (Kremlin-2)

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Early 1990s
Sensors / EW:
Rim Hat [Kremlin-2] – ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km
Source cmano-db.com

Snoop Pair surface search radar (MRKP-58 Radian)

Radar antenna post “Radian” MRKP 58-SNOOP PAIR (photo from the archive AndreyKS, http://forums.airbase.ru ) – Source rufor.org
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 46.3 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.6 km Generation: Early 1980s
Properties: Pulse-only Radar
Sensors / EW:
Snoop Pair [MRKP-58 Radian] – (Akula) Radar
Role: Radar, Surface Search & Navigation
Max Range: 46.3 km
Source cmano-db.com

Generic Acoustic Decoy (Noisemaker / Bubble Screen) Decoy (Expendable)

General data:
Type: Decoy (Expendable) Weight: 3 kg
Length: 0.2 m Span: 0.1 m
Diameter: 0.0 Generation: Early 2010s
Targets: Submarine
Generic Acoustic Decoy – (2010s, Noisemaker / Bubble Screen) Decoy (Expendable)
Subsurface Max: 1.9 km.
Source cmano-db.com

MG-74 Torpedo Decoy (Expendable)

General data:
Type: Decoy (Expendable) Weight: 797 kg
Length: 3.9 m Span: 0.533 m
Diameter: 0.533 Generation: Early 1980s
Targets: Submarine
MG-74 – (Torpedo Decoy) Decoy (Expendable)
Subsurface Max: 1.9 km.
Source cmano-db.com

Submarine sensor technology

The submarine is equipped with Irtysh / Amfora integrated sonar suite. The system consists of a MGK-500 Shark Gill low-frequency passive / active search and attack spherical bow array, a Mouse Roar very low-frequency flank array and a Skat 3 towed array. The suite was developed by the Morphyspribor Central Research Institute. *Note other sources indicate MGK-600

Irtysh / Amfora integrated sonar suite

MGK-600 Amfora – Hull Array (Skat-3 Mod, Severodvinsk Spherical Bow)

Home antenna SJC “Irtysh-Amphora” (photo antenna PLA pr.09780, http://paralay.com) – Source: militaryrussia.ru
General data:
Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1990s
Sensors / EW:
MGK-600 Amfora [Hull Array] – (Skat-3 Mod, Severodvinsk Spherical Bow) Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 74.1 km
Source cmano-db.com

Park Lamp – (Skat-3 Mod, Severodvinsk Spherical Bow) ESM

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Park Lamp – ESM
Role: HF/DF
Max Range: 926 km
Source cmano-db.com

MGK-600 Amfora (Flank Array)

General data:
Type: Hull Sonar, Passive-Only Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1990s
Sensors / EW:
MGK-600 Amfora [Flank Array] – Hull Sonar, Passive-Only
Role: Hull Sonar, Passive-Only Ranging Flank Array Search & Track
Max Range: 74.1 km
Source cmano-db.com

MGK-600 Amfora  (Towed Array)

General data:
Type: TASS, Passive-Only Towed Array Sonar System Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 129.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1990s
Sensors / EW:
MGK-600 Amfora [Towed Array] – TASS, Passive-Only Towed Array Sonar System
Role: TASS, Passive-Only Towed Array Sonar System
Max Range: 129.6 km
Source cmano-db.com

Generic Acoustic Intercept – (Akula) Acoustic Intercept (Active Sonar Warning)

General data:
Type: Acoustic Intercept (Active Sonar Warning) Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 27.8 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Generic Acoustic Intercept – Acoustic Intercept (Active Sonar Warning)
Role: Acoustic Intercept
Max Range: 27.8 km

Source cmano-db.com

Propulsion of the Russian submarines

The submarine is powered with a KPM type pressurised water reactor, steam turbine, a shaft and a propeller. The reactor is rated at 200MW. The propulsion system provides a maximum submerged speed of 35kt and a surface speed of 20kt.

7-bladed propeller PLARK “Severodvinsk” pr.885 and stern rudders, PO “Sevmash”, 15.06.2010 ( http://pilot.strizhi.info ). Source: militaryrussia.ru

Propulsion :

– NPS new type – the integrated monobloc-registration in one reactor unit and polyurethane. Reactor – pressurized water from the primary coolant conduits placed in the reactor vessel. Steam generating unit (PPU) KPM capacity up to 200 MW. Starting with boats pr.885M planned to use the all-new one-piece design of the power plant.

– 1 x block single-shaft turbine plant (STP) “Mirage” production Kaluga Turbine Works is likely to GTZA class UC-9VM or similar with improved cushioning around 43,000 hp

– 1 x propulsion motor of slow speed

– 2 x submersible thrusters 2 speed propulsion motors capacity PG-160 at 410 hp (370 hp dr.dannym) (?). Located in advancing columns aft submarine.

Mechanics – one shaft, a 7-bladed low-noise screw fixed pitch with scimitar-shaped blades and a water jet propulsor (for PL pr.885M may – analog tested for PL B-871 “Alrosa” pr.877V ). Four reclining thrusters. Nasal hydroplanes with flaps, probably sliding similar PLA pr.971 . On PLARK used steering gears development SPMBM “Malachite” and the production of PO “Sevmash”. For upgraded PLARK pr.855M “Kazan” manufacturing improved (compared to PLARK “Severodvinsk”) steering engine started in 2013 at “Sevmash”. Production of steering engine is scheduled for completion in 2013 ( source ).  Translated by google – Source militaryrussia.ru

Displacement standard, t
Displacement normal, t 9500 / 11800
Length, m 133.0
Breadth, m 11.5 hull
Draught, m 10.0
No of shafts 1
Machinery 1 geared steam turbines unit, 1 OK-650V nuclear reactor
Power, h. p. 43000
Max speed, kts 16 / 28
Fuel, t nuclear
Endurance, nm(kts) practically unlimited
Armament 8 x 4 Oniks SSM / Kalibr-PL CruM/SSM (VLS, 32 P-160 (3M55) / 3M14 / 3M54), 10 – 533 TT (30, inc. Granat CruM (3M10), Kalibr-PL CruM/SSM (3M14/3M54))
Sensors pr. 885: RKP-58 Radian radar, MGK-600 Irtysh-Amfora-Yasen’ sonar suite, Ayaks sonar, ECM suite, decoys, 3Ts-30.0 Banknot targeting system, CCS

pr. 08851, 161: R-43M radar, MGK-600 Irtysh-Amfora-Yasen’ sonar suite, Ayaks sonar, ECM suite, decoys, 3Ts-30.0 Banknot targeting system, CCS

pr. 08851, 162-166: R-43M radar, MGK-600 Irtysh-Amfora-Yasen’ sonar suite, Ayaks sonar, ECM suite, decoys, 3Ts-30.0M Banknot-M targeting system, CCS

Complement 85
Diving depth operational, m 520

Specification data navypedia.org

Main material source naval-technology.com

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Project 885
К-560 Северодвинск <K-560 Severodvinsk> 160 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 21/12/1993 15/6/2010 30/12/2013 in service (2017)
Project 08851
К-561 Казань <K-561 Kazan’> 161 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 24/7/2009 2017 2018 building (2017)
К-573 Новосибирск <K-573 Novosibirsk> 162 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 26/7/2013 2018 2019 building (2017)
К-571 Красноярск <K-571 Krasnoyarsk> 163 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 27/7/2014 2018 2020 building (2017)
К-564 Архангельск <K-564 Arkhangelsk> 164 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 19/3/2015 2019 2021 building (2017)
Пермь <Perm’> 165 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 29/7/2016 2020 2022 building (2017)
166 Severnoye Mashinostroitelnoye Predpriyatiye, Severodvinsk 2017 2021 2023 building (2017)

Source navypedia.org

Updated Mar 20, 2019

1 thought on “Yasen / Graney Class Submarine (Project 885/885M)

  1. Pingback: Rusya'nın nükleer tahrikli 885M denizaltısı denemelere başlayacak | DefenceTurk

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.