China Reveals How Many Fighter Jets the New Aircraft Carrier Can
17:10 05.04.2017(updated 17:31 05.04.2017)
Chinese media has revealed that the new Chinese aircraft carrier will be able to dock 36 Jian-15 fighters [J-15].
According to Chinese news portal Sina, “At the moment, the aircraft carrier being prepared for launch is optimized in terms of load which compared to the Liaoning aircraft carrier can reach from 28 to 36 units of J-15 fighters.”
Currently, the Chinese Navy arsenal consists of the Liaoning aircraft carrier, created on the basis of the Soviet cruiser Varyag. Liaoning can base 24 J-15 fighters.
Earlier, Chinese media reported that the new aircraft carrier could be launched in late April 2017.
According to some experts, the likely date is April 23 which is the anniversary date of the founding of the PLA Navy.
The official representative of the Defense Ministry of the People’s Republic of China, Wu Qian, said that the aircraft carrier, whose construction the country is conducting independently, is in its final stage.
However, he did not confirm the statements made by the Chinese media regarding the exact launch date of the aircraft carrier.
Liaoning is a Type 001 class vessel. The first carrier was rebuilt out of the Soviet aircraft cruiser Varyag in early 2000s, with the first sea trial taking place in 2011. In September 2012, Liaoning was commissioned into the PLA Navy.
In late December 2015, the Chinese Defense Ministry announced plans to construct a new Liaoning aircraft carrier built by China itself.
Original post sputniknews.com
The Shenyang J-15, nicknamed the Flying Shark is a carrierborne air superiority fighter jet. Its development was marked by a controversy. Russia claims that the Chinese have violated intellectual property agreements by creating their own version of Russian Sukhoi Su-33 fighter jet. This incident led to the end of negotiation between China and Russia, in 2006, regarding military aircraft trade.
It all started at the turn of the 21st century when Chinese MoD decided to improve the People’s Liberation Army Naval Air Force. They wanted to acquire Sukhoi Su-33 aircrafts for the use on their aircraft carrier.
It has been reported that in 2001 China acquired an unfinished prototype of the Su-33 from Ukraine. In 2006 China ordered two Russian Su-33 carrier-based naval fighters for trials and evaluation. Delivery was expected in 2007-2008. There was also an agreed option for another 12-48 Su-33s fighters. However negotiations stagnated, as China sought to reduce Russian content in the aircraft, while Russia wanted to ensure a level of income from sales and future upgrades. It seems that after long and unsuccessful negotiation, Chinese used the Ukrainian Su-33 prototype for what would later became the J-15.
The J-15 Flying Shark is based on the Su-33 design, but it is fitted with indigenous engines, weapons and radar. In many aspects the J-15 is similar to Shenyang J-11 air superiority aircraft that is based around the similar Su-27 airframe.
The Shenyang F-15 made its first flight in 2009 and was introduced in the Chinese Navy in 2013. Currently this shipborne aircraft is produced in quantity. So far, there are more than 20 Flying Sharks built, all of which are employed by the Chinese Navy. It is reported that there are 24 Shenyang F-15 fighter jets are operational on board of the only active Chinese Liaoning aircraft carrier.
There are two versions of the Flying Shark, the one-seat and the twin-seat variant. The two-seater made its maiden flight in 2012. Essentially it is a combat capable trainer.
Compared to the Su-33, the Shenyang J-15 is much faster (2 940 km/h opposed to 2 300 km), has a longer range (3 500 km opposed to 3 000 km), and a higher service ceiling (20 km opposed to 17 km). However Russians are claiming that the Flying Shark is no match for their Sukhoi Su-33 and that the Chinese are bound to purchase it, sooner or later. Notably equipment and armament of Sukhoi Su-33 are regarded superior than that of the Chinese jet, although this is debatable.
According to the chief designer of the Flying Shark, this aircraft has what it takes to be a worthy competitor to Sukhoi Su-33, as well as Eurofighter Typhoon, Boeing F/A-18E Super Hornet, and other carrier-based aircraft of the same class. The chief designer cites electronic systems to be the weakest link of this jet. He also mentioned that Chinese-built Woshan WS-10A “Taihang” turbofans need improvement in the future in order to match the quality of Russian engines.
|Dimensions and weight|
|Wing span||14.7 m|
|Weight (empty)||17.5 t|
|Weight (maximum take off)||33 t|
|Engines and performance|
|Engines||2 × Woshan WS-10A “Taihang” turbofans|
|Traction (dry / with afterburning)||89.17 / 135 kN|
|Maximum speed||~ 2 940 km/h|
|Service ceiling||20 km|
|Ferry range||3 500 km|
|Combat radius||1 500 km|
|Cannon||1 x 23-mm or 30-mm|
|Missiles||PL-12 medium-range; PL-7, PL-8, PL-9, AIM-9L/M short-range|
J-15 Data military-today.com