Monthly Archives: February 2017

China boosts arms exports by 74pc, while cutting reliance on outside providers

China boosts arms exports by 74pc, while cutting reliance on outside providers, report finds

Shi Jiangtao

Monday, 20 Feb 2017 | 9:19 PM ET

South China Morning Post

China has become less dependent on arms imports over the past five years due to increased military capabilities at home, while boosting its own exports by 74 per cent, according to a report released on Monday.

The study by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute also showed a continuing arms race in Asia Pacific amid the escalation of tensions in the South China Sea, with Beijing’s Asian neighbours drastically increasing their arms purchases since 2012.

Comparing two five-year periods between 2007-11 and 2012-16, the volume of Chinese exports of major arms increased by 74 per cent. Its share of the global total of exports rose from 3.8 to 6.2 per cent, making it the third-largest supplier in the world, following the United States and Russia.

Unlike the US, which accounts for one-third of exports and supplies at least 100 countries, China delivered major arms to 44 countries, mostly in Asia and Africa. More than 60 per cent of China’s exports went to Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar and another 22 per cent went to Africa.

China has also been expanding its market. In 2015, it exported type 90 multi-barrel rocket launchers to Peru, the first time Chinese weapons were used to equip Peru’s armed forces. A report released by the Pentagon last April estimated that China’s arms sales from 2010 to 2014 totalled about US$15 billion.

Thanks to China’s growing economic and military ability to produce its own advanced weapons, its arms imports fell by 11 per cent between the two five-year periods, the institute found.

But China remains partly dependent on Russia, Ukraine and France for certain key weapons and components, such aircraft engines, which accounted for 30 per cent of China’s imports. It also imported large transport aircraft, helicopters, vehicles and ships, according to the report.

The report also highlighted the ongoing military build-up in Southeast Asia. “Tensions between several countries with maritime claims in the South China Sea have directly or indirectly driven up demand for major weapons in this subregion,” it said.

Vietnam jumped from being the 29th largest importer to the 10th largest, with its imports climbing 202 per cent, the highest growth rate among the top 10 importers.

The Philippines saw an increase of 426 per cent, and Australia, which accounted for 3.3 per cent of the global total in the 2007–16 period, also invested heavily in naval and air force assets to counter a perceived growing threat from China, according to the report.

“With no regional arms control instruments in place, states in Asia continue to expand their arsenals”, said Siemon Wezeman, senior researcher with the institute’s arms and military expenditure programme. “While China is increasingly able to substitute arms imports with indigenous products, India remains dependent on weapons technology from many willing suppliers, including Russia, the USA, European states, Israel and South Korea.”

The Pentagon said in a report last year that China’s military modernisation, supported by an annual military budget growth of nearly 10 per cent in inflation-adjusted terms from 2006 through to 2015, had the potential to reduce core US military technological advantages.

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China boosts arms exports by 74pc, while cutting reliance on outside providers, report finds: Here (Media)

China has become less dependent on arms import over the past five years due to increased military capabilities at home, while boosting its own exports by 74 per cent, according to a report released on Monday. The study by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute also showed a continuing arms race in Asia Pacific amid the escalation of tensions in the South China Sea, with Beijing’s Asian neighbours drastically increasing their arms purchases since 2012.

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Venezuela receive upgraded Mi-35M2 attack helicopters

Upgraded ‘Hinds’ for Venezuela

The first upgraded Mi-35M2 attack helicopters have been delivered to the Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana (FANB, Venezuelan Army), AirForces Monthly correspondent Juan Carlos Cicalesi reports.

The FANB received three Mi-35M2 helicopters from a total of ten that are being upgraded in Russia by Rostvertol, a subsidiary of Russian Helicopters. The aircraft arrived at El Libertador Air Base in Palo Negro, Aragua State, on January 25. The Hinds were delivered on board an Antonov An-124-100 from a private cargo airline.

Venezuela was the launch customer for the original Mi-35M derivative. These aircraft feature Western radio kits including the Bendix-King KHF-950-10 (replaced on the last few machines by the KHF-1050) HF radio and two KTR-908 VHF radios, as well as the South African Reutech ACR500 multi-band digital UHF/VHF radio.

The ten aircraft were delivered to the Venezuelan Army in 2006-07.

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Russia and UAE to work on future light 5th generation jet

Russia and UAE to start working on 5th generation fighter 2018

February 20, 2017 TASS

Russia and the United Arab Emirates will get down to joint work on a future light 5th generation jet on the basis of MiG-29 as of 2018, the chief of Russia’s Rostec corporation, Sergey Chemezov, told the media on Feb. 20.

“We believe we shall start working on this plane as of next year. It will take seven to eight years to develop,” Chemezov said on the sidelines of the international weapons show IDEX-2017.

“A future fifth generation plane will be created on the basis of Russia’s Mig-29,” he added.

Earlier, Russian Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov said that Russia and the UAE had concluded an agreement on industrial cooperation in military engineering, which enabled them to launch a fifth generation fighter project.

The head of the United Aircraft Corporation Yuri Slyusar said the work on the plane was at the initial phase and Russia was in the process of drafting proposals. The UAC would participate in the project as the leader organization, and Sukhoi and MiG as co-contributors.

Source: TASS

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Poghosyan: the task of creating a 5 th generation light fighter is not a priority for the KLA


MOSCOW, April 12th. (ARMS-TASS). The task of creating 5th generation light fighter is not currently a priority for the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). This ARMS-TASS, Mikhail Pogosyan, president of the KLA.

“I do not exclude the possibility of creating a light aircraft 5th generation, but this problem is not in the operational plans of the corporation”, – Pogosyan said.

Poghosyan noted that the immediate tasks in the field of lightweight fighters is the development of the MiG-29 program, build the functionality of these aircraft, and upgrading to the level of the MiG-35.

Contracts with Indian and Russian defense ministries on the MiG-29K / KUB dictate the need for “maximum concentration KLA efforts towards the completion of construction of these complexes,” said president of the corporation.

The head of the KLA said that after the completion of the MiG-29K / 35 will need to determine the vector of further development, “whether the work to go in the direction of the unmanned aerial vehicle, or light fighter of the 5th generation.”

Talking about the technical possibilities of the creation of the 5th generation of light fighter, the president of the KLA said that copying American counterparts will be ineffective for several reasons.Soviet and Russian aircraft has always developed their own scenario in accordance with the current military doctrine, he said.

Full article Here

S-400 will allow China to control Taiwan and Diaoyu airspace

Russia’s S-400 to help China control Taiwan and Diaoyu airspace – expert


If Russia will supply its high-end S-400 anti-aircraft missile system to China equipped with 40Н6Е missiles, it will give China a tool to have a full control of the airspace over Taiwan and the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands. Vasily Kashin explains why the S-400 is such a crucial purchase for Beijing.

A recent statement by the Rostec’s director for international cooperation Victor Kladov about the production of the S-400 anti-aircraft missile system for China was mistakenly interpreted by many media outlets as a “beginning of production” of these systems.

His statements did not mean that production had just begun. Most likely, this happened earlier, as the contract to supply China with four divisions of S-400 complexes was signed in the fall of 2014.

Judging by Kladov’s words, it can be assumed that the first batch of S-400 will be delivered in 2017 or perhaps early 2018.

In 2016 Rostec’s head Sergey Chemezov told media outlets that the system will arrive in China “not earlier than 2018.” At the same time, one cannot rule out some acceleration of this process.

New missiles

The geo-political raifications of the delivery of the S-400 to China will depend on what specific missiles will it be equipped with.

The most important innovation of the complex should be the 40N6Е missiles with the range of 400 km and active radar homing in the terminal phase.

Long term production trends suggest that Russia will eventually supply the 40N6Е missiles. However, according to open sources, sophisticated and expensive tests of these missiles were repeatedly delayed.

Without these missiles, the S-400 is just a small upgrade of the S-300PMU2. China had earlier purchased 15 divisions of the S-300. The S-400 has a wider range of target detection, better management tools and advanced types of missiles, but it will not be a radical improvement unless equipped with the 40N6Е.

If it is equipped with the advanced missiles, China’s S-400 will be enough to fully cover the airspace over Taiwan, at least for non-maneuverable aerial targets such as airborne and early warning and control aircrafts (AEW&C), reconnaissance and transport aircrafts.

It may also help impose a ban on flights of fighter aircrafts in the region. In case the S-400 are deployed on the Shandong Peninsula they will be able to target aircraft over the disputed Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands.

Thus, the system could give China a significant advantage in two areas where the PLA has to deal with strong and technically well-equipped opponents.

The system can play an important role in preventing or obstructing deployment of American forces in the Western Pacific if the U.S. attempts to support its allies.

A temporary solution

The purchase of only four divisions perhaps is only a temporary solution that will allow China to raise the capabilities of its air defense until it has its own anti-aircraft systems. China is actively engaged in this work. In case the development of Chinese systems will face additional challenges, we are likely to see additional procurement of the S-400 systems.

Chinese military planning has given priority to long range ground-based air defense systems. Beijing believes that these kind of systems can compensate for many of the U.S. Air Force’s strengths, such as better equipment, and the high training and extensive combat experience gained in many wars. In this regard, the Chinese generally follow the Soviet and Russian approach to the confrontation of American air power.

While figuring out when the new system can begin to exert real influence on the balance of power in East Asia, it is also important to take into account the extreme complexity of its operation and maintenance. It may take upto a year to train the Chinese personnel to use the systems.

Even if you install the systems well in advance, the divisions equipped with it will have to undergo the cycle of combat training in China to be fully ready to perform their tasks.

Of course, if at the time of delivery of the S-400 there is a serious destabilization of the situation in the region, such as an acute Sino-American confrontation, all the necessary interim stages in the preparation of the system can be accelerated.

Vasily Kashin is a senior research fellow in the Moscow Based Institute for Far Eastern Studies and in the Higher School of Economics. Views expressed are personal.

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Russia to deliver four more military transport Mi-17V5 helicopters to Thailand

Russia Plans to Supply Thailand With 4 Mi-17V5 Helicopters – Rostec Official

10:11 19.02.2017(updated 10:15 19.02.2017)

Russia plans to deliver four military transport Mi-17V5 helicopters to Thailand, Rostec state corporation’s international cooperation head Viktor Kladov told Sputnik on Saturday.

ABU DHABI (Sputnik) — Thailand intends to use the helicopters for handling the consequences of natural disasters and carrying troops.

“The Thai side is very happy with the Mi-17V5s and we have new orders for them… Bangkok is buying more. As far as I know, they are talking about four helicopters,” Kladov said.

Earlier in February, media reports suggested that Thailand planned to order 12 Mi-17V5s from Russia to replace US-made CH-47D helicopters.

Six Mi-17V5s are said to already be in operation with the Thai forces.

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Main image: Head of U.S. Pacific Command, Adm. Harry B. Harris, stands with troops participating in the opening ceremony of the Cobra Gold Thai-US military exercise on Tuesday, Feb. 14, 2017 in Sattahip, Thailand. Harris is the highest-ranking U.S. official to attend the annual exercise this year since Thailand’s 2014 coup in an American bid to strengthen relations.Dake Kang AP Photo

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