Yearly Archives: 2016

Embraer KC-390 tanker tests Cobham aerial refueling system

Embraer Defence and Security has achieved a significant milestone in the KC-390 tactical military tanker and transport aircraft program by demonstrating the Cobham aerial refueling systems installed in KC-390’s prototype 001.

Configured as a tanker for the first time, a KC-390 test aircraft fitted with Cobham 912E wing-mounted pods completed a series of successful flight trials in May 2016.

Operating from Embraer’s Gavião Peixoto facility in Brazil, the flights involved hose stability and trail and rewind tests with both high speed and low speed drogues fitted.

The 912E pod is a customized design solution utilizing the latest technology for the KC-390 to meet the aircraft’s high performance criteria including its ability to satisfy a wide number of receiver aircraft at extended ranges. The Brazilian Air Force is the launch customer for the aircraft, which is scheduled to enter service in 2018.

July 15, 2016

Original post


Embraer KC-390: Details

Cobham 912E Wing Air Refuelling Pods

The fourth generation 900E series pod family represents the most proven solution in probe and drogue air refuelling in operational service today. The advanced features of the 900E series pod provide high levels of performance and flexibility in support of the modern war fighter



Key Features

  • Highly automated pod using advanced digital management
  • Exceptional refuelling speed range
  • Digital Control System provides flexibility to configure and optimise for any tanker/ receiver fleet
  • Multiple hose-length options up to 90ft trailed
  • Low weight and low drag
  • Simple and flexible interfaces
  • System architecture qualified and proven for helicopters and fast jet refuelling
  • Ease of maintenance provided by: – Comprehensive “Built in Test” – ‘On Condition’ Line Replaceable Units – Quick Access Panels

900E Series Pod

Flow rate Up to 450gpm

Weight Circa 1350lbs (612kg) dry

Hose length Up to 90ft (27.5m) of 2.2in (5.6cm) bore diameter hose

Delivery pressure Operator selectable up to 50psi

Platform integration 902E – AFSOC MC-130H

904E – Royal Swedish Air Force C-130E, C-130H

905E – Royal Australian Air Force Royal Air Force UAE Air Force Royal Saudi Air Force A330MRTT

907E – German Air Force (Luftwaffe) A310 MRTT

907E – Canadian Forces A310 MRTT 

909E – Omega KDC-10


SOM Air-to-Surface Cruise Missile

Stand-Off Missile (SOM) is Turkey’s first indigenous long-range, autonomous, high-precision air-to-surface cruise missile. It was designed and developed jointly by TUBITAK Defense Industries Research and Development Institute (TUBITAK SAGE) and Roketsan to defend ground- and sea-based targets.

The missile is highly effective against moving land / surface targets, high-value stationary targets, strategic assets, shelters, exposed aircraft, aircraft hangars, and command and control centres, as well as sea surface threats. It has resistance against countermeasures as well as clutter effects.



In October 2014, Roketsan and Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control signed a teaming agreement on the development of a new generation stand-off cruise missile variant, SOM-J for internal carriage on the F-35 Lightning II fifth generation multi-role stealth fighter or external carriage on other aircraft.

“Lockheed Martin has a long history of partnership with the Republic of Turkey and we look forward to working closely with Roketsan on this very important project,” Edwards said. “SOM-J will provide the F-35 and other aircraft an exceptional capability to meet the most challenging mission requirements. We look forward to combining the skills and know-how of our two great companies to produce a world-class system to meet customers‘ expanding needs for long-range, survivable cruise missile technology.” Source

L_20170602143114668276 (1)

The Stand-Off missile was exhibited at the International Defence Exhibition & Conference (IDEX) 2015 held in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Development of Turkey’s first indigenous stand-off missile

Development of the SOM cruise missile began in 2006. The missile was unveiled at the 2nd Air Force Base located in Çiğli, İzmir in June 2011. It has been in service with the Turkish Air Force since 2012 and is certified for integration onto the F-4E 2020 and F-16 Block 40 fighter aircraft.


It was first test-fired from a McDonnell Douglas F-4E 2020 strike aircraft in August 2011.

The Undersecretariat for Defense Industries under the Ministry of National Defense placed a $25m worth contract with Kale Aero in February 2012 to develop turbojet engines for the SOM weapon system.

Design and features of SOM cruise missile


Som –

The SOM cruise missile features a modular design, offers high-lethality and delivers enhanced operational flexibility. It has a low detectable capability and a longer range compared to surface-to-air missiles. It is compatible with the Nato UAI standard.

The missile is capable of performing in-flight re-targeting as well as in-flight mission selection among pre-planned missions. Its rear section is fitted with control fins for providing lifting and improved manoeuvrability.


Suspension lugs fitted to the missile provide mechanical interface between the missile and the launch aircraft. The weapon system also incorporates a power system, fuel tank, air inlet, wing deployment system, and a missile computer.

The missile system weighs 600kg and is equipped with a 230kg blast fragmentation and dual stage tandem penetration warhead. It features selectable impact parameters.

Operational Characteristics


  • Long Range (250+ km)
  • Low Observable
  • High Precision Navigation with INS/GPS/TRN/IBN
  • High Precision Terminal Guidance with IIR and Data Fusion
  • Resistance to Counter Measures / Clutter
  • Wide Firing Envelope Allows Off-Boresight Engagement
  • Target of Opportunity Capability
  • In Flight Mission Selection
  • In Flight Retargeting
  • Selectable Impact Parameters
  • NATO UAI Compatibility
Length ~4 m ~4 m ~4 m
Weight 1300-lb Class 1300-lb Class 1300-lb Class
Range 250+ km 250+ km 250+ km
Warhead ~500-lb High Explosive / Blast Fragmentation ~500-lb High Explosive / Blast Fragmentation ~500-lb High Explosive / Blast Fragmentation
Seeker Imaging Infrared Imaging Infrared
Platforms F-4


Guidance and navigation

SOM is equipped with an imaging infrared (IIR) seeker and an inertial measurement unit (IMU) for high-precision guidance. The IIR seeker incorporates a high-resolution imaging system and allows detection of predefined targets with long ranges, high-agility, and resistance to electronic countermeasures / clutter.

The cruise missile is navigated using global positioning system (GPS), inertial navigation system (INS), terrain referenced navigation (TRN), image-based navigation (IBN), and automatic target recognition (ATR) sensors. It also incorporates a radar and barometric altimeter for determining the flight altitude, and has the ability to follow waypoints and terrain contours.

Propulsion and performance of SOM missile

The Stand-Off missile is powered by a turbojet engine and has a range of more than 180km. It is operable under all weather conditions, and also in hostile environments.



KTJ-3200 Turbojet engine developed by Kale Arge to be used in SOM Cruising Missile and the sub-systems of the engine have started the qualification tests. Upon completion of the qualification tests, acceptance tests of the KTJ-3200 will begin. If the tests are successful, the KTJ-3200, which is planned to become operational in 2019, will end the bağımlılık critical dependency indeki in the SOM project. In addition, the engine can be used in various projects with various modifications.

SOM Missile developed by TÜBİTAK-SAGE and produced by Roketsan in series production. Within the scope of the Motor Engine Development Project K, the KTJ-3200 turbojet engine, which was started to be developed by Kale Arge in 2013, will replace the TR-40 Turbojet Engine, which is currently used in the serial production of the SOM Missile and supplied from France. In addition, thanks to the domestic engine SOM Missile, range can be increased. Translated by google source

Microturbo TRI 40


TRI 40 – The latest addition to the Microturbo engine family. The small size and high thrust-to-weight ratio make the TRI 40 a promising propulsion unit for state-of-the-art anti-aircraft missiles, training targets and unmanned aircraft. The engine has a four-stage compressor and a single-stage turbine, working on fuel JP8 and JP10. Depending on the version, the engine thrust ranges from 250 to 340 kg. Optimal conditions for engine operation are set at a flight altitude of 0-6000 meters and a maximum speed of M = 0.95. It can be started at speeds M = 0.5 to M = 0.9 at altitudes up to 5300 meters. The first “flying vehicle” with the engine TRI 40 is an anti-missile missile NSM company Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace and MBAD. Source

KTJ-3200 Turbojet engine


Our turbojet engine, the KTJ-3200, was developed specifically for the navigation missiles, as well as target aircraft, etc. is a Turbojet Engine optimized for use on unmanned platforms.

Its compact design has high propulsion, low fuel consumption and can be started at different altitude / speed conditions.

Turkey’s first national turbojet engine that has KTJ-3200 feature, altitude using our test system, different altitude / performance in terms of speed has already been shown by the year 2019. However; strength, water uptake, degradation, environmental tests are passed through many different tests. All the tests are carried out in Turkey.

In 2019, the qualification of our KTJ-3200 engine will be completed.

Thanks to its superior features, the KTJ-3200 can be quickly adapted to different domestic and foreign platforms with modifications to be made to the needs. Source

Details of the SOM-J variant



The advanced SOM-J variant will be jointly developed, produced, marketed, and sold by Lockheed Martin and Roketsan. The first stage of SOM-J is scheduled for completion in 2018.

The variant is intended to provide exceptional anti-surface warfare capabilities to the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter and other similar aircraft.



Main Features

  • Long Range (120+ NM)
  • Low Observable
  • Highly Survivable
  • High Precision Navigation with INS/GPS/TRN/IBN
  • Highly Precise Terminal Guidance with IIR and Data Fusion
  • Target of Opportunity Capability
  • In-Flight Retargeting
  • Network Enabled Weapon (NEW) Capability
  • Universal Armament Interface (UAI) Compatibility


Technical Specifications

Length ~4 meters
Weight 1000-lb Class
Range 120+ NM
Warhead ~310-lb Blast Fragmentation / Semi-Armor Piercing
Seeker Imaging Infrared
Guidance System INS / GPS / TRN / IBN / ATA
Platform F-35 / F-16


Main material source

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Revised Aug 04, 2019

Safran Helicopter Engines to form Indian JV with HAL


12 Jul, 16, Source: Safran

Safran Helicopter Engines and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) have agreed to establish, in India, a support centre for national and international rotorcraft customers. The joint venture will be opened in the coming months.

This new centre will provide maintenance repair and overhaul (MRO) services for Safran TM333 and HAL Shakti engines installed on HAL-built helicopters. This scope would be enlarged to include other engines which both partners may further agree. Safran Helicopter Engines and HAL will provide their customers with a first-class service including optimized engine availability.

With a fleet of over 1,000 engines, including 250 TM333 and 250 Shakti, India’s armed forces are one of the largest operators of Safran-designed helicopter engines. Shakti is the Indian designation for the Safran Ardiden 1H1, co-developed with HAL and produced under license.

T. Suvarna Raju, HAL Chairman and Managing Director said: “The venture reflects the close relationship established over many years between HAL and Safran Helicopter Engines. It places both partners on an ambitious path towards world-beating customer support in the field of engine MRO”.

Bruno Even, Safran Helicopter Engines CEO, commented “this joint venture marks a new step in the long-lasting and fruitful partnership between Safran Helicopter Engines and HAL. We are extremely proud of the continued confidence placed in us by HAL. Together we are committed to delivering world-class support to our customers, both in India and throughout the region”.

The joint venture will provide the impetus for the “Made-in-India” initiative and its ambition of flying around 1,000 Shakti engines in India during the coming years.
Shakti is fitted to HAL’s ALH/Dhruv and has been selected to power the HAL-designed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH). Ardiden 1U variant powers the new Light Utility Helicopter (LUH), a three-ton single-engine aircraft under development.

Original article


TM 333


The engines of the TM 333 family cover a power range from 900 to 1100 shp. They are intended for helicopters 3 to 6 tons.

The TM 333 powers the Dhruv twin-engine helicopter of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). 300 TM 333 have been produced to date, with more than 65,400 flight hours.

The TM 333 was originally designed to power the twin-engine Dauphin and Panther Helicopters Airbus. Developed on the Panther, he found its first commercial application on the Dhruv.

The TM 333 adopts a simple architecture consists of two main modules which are: a compressor with two axial stages and one centrifugal stage, a combustion chamber in reverse flow, a gas generator turbine with a floor, and a turbine free power to a floor.



Airbus Signs With Roketsan To Add Missiles, Bombs to C-295


, Defense News10:01 a.m. EDT July 14, 2016

FARNBOROUGH, England — Airbus and Turkey’s Roketsan have signed to arm Airbus’ C-295 aircraft with laser-guided missiles and bombs, part of Airbus’ drive to give the widely sold transport plane new roles.

The two firms signed a memorandum of understanding at the Farnborough International Airshow on Wednesday to team on the design, integration and testing of Roketsan weapons, including the 70mm laser-guided Cirit missile and the long-range, laser-guided L-UMTAS anti-tank missile, as well as the Teber laser-guided bomb.

“There is a clear opportunity for us to address the global requirement for a cost-effective, armed utility aircraft, and Roketsan’s product range and proven expertise make them the obvious partner,” said Airbus’ head of military aircraft, Fernando Alonso.

The move forms part of Airbus’ expansion program for the C-295, which is already used as a maritime patrol aircraft by four customers.

The next step is to introduce an electronic intelligence and communications intelligence version, as well as an aircraft with early-warning capabilities, said Fernando Ciria, Airbus’ head of marketing for tactical airlifters and ISR.

Also on the list is a ground surveillance version for border control missions, with a radar offering ground moving target indicator and synthetic aperture radar functions yet to be selected, said Ciria.

“Some customers are also interested in strike capabilities,” he said, adding that pylons now fitted for torpedoes on the maritime patrol versions would be used for the Roketsan munitions, with target designators also added.

To date, Airbus C-235 aircraft obtained from the Spanish Air Force have been turned into gunships by ATK for use by Jordan.

As further evidence of its move to extend the use of the C-295, Airbus used the air show to show off an aircraft rigged to provide in-flight refueling to other slow-moving aircraft or helicopters.

The roll-on, roll-off system contains 90 feet of tubing and a refueling basket, which can be extended from the open ramp at the rear of the aircraft, with the capacity to provide 6 tons of fuel, said Ciria.

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C295 refueling capabilities



2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT


Properties of the Product

CİRİT, is a missile with the longest range in its class which provides a superior precision against light, armored/unarmored and stationary/mobile targets as well as being a cost effective solution.

Basic Specifications

  • The 2.75″ Missile with the Longest Range
  • Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
  • Multi Purpose (Armor Piercing, Anti Personnel and Incendiary) Warhead
  • Integration to Various Platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)
  • Standard Mode and Smart Mode Pod Integration
  • Not a Guidance Kit, New Generation All-Up Round Missile System
  • Composite Propellent Technology with Reduced Smoke

In the Inventory of Turkish Armed Forces

Cirit canister
Diameter 2.75″ (70 mm)
Maximum Range 8 km
Minimum Range 1,5 km
Weight 15 kg (Without tube complete)
Propellant Type HTPB Based, Smokeless, Composite Solid Propellant
Warhead Type Multi Purpose Warhead, Armor Piercing, Personnel, Incendiary
Warhead Type High Explosive Warhead
Guidance Mid – Phase Guidance with MEMS – AÖB
Guidance Terminal Guidance with Semi-Active Laser Seeker
Target Types Light Armored / Unarmored Vehicles, Stationary and Moving Targets, Bunkers
Platforms Helicopters (AH – 1W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s,  Land Vehicles, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms 


L-UMTAS anti-tank missile



Properties of the Product

  • UMTAS, with its Imaging Infrared Seeker and Laser Seeker options, is an anti-tank missile, having a range of 8 km and lock on before/after launch and “fire and forget/fire and update” properties, used against armored targets, from air to ground as well as ground to ground.

Basic Properties

  • Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
  • Tandem Warhead Effective Against Reactive Armors
  • Integration to Various Platforms (helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Attack Aircraft, Naval Platform)
  • IIR or Laser Seeker Options
  • Lock on Before / After – Launch
  • Fire and Forget / Fire and Update Properties
  • RF Data Link
  • Smokeless Composite Solid Propellant

Product Description

UMTAS, which was developed by Roketsan primary for use from attack helicopters, is an antitank missile system. With its advanced technology it is highly effective against all armored threats in the field.

UMTAS, with its maximum range of 8 km and minimum range of 500 m is capable of operating all weather conditions and day/night.

UMTAS, which can be used in Fire and Forget and Fire and Update modes, with the flexibility provided by its target update capability, offers to fire behind the mask position, fire against targets hiding behind mask and adjust hit point and damage assesment capability. UMTAS, defined as the official antitank system of the National Attack Helicopter (T – 129) under development, can be integrated to various platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)



Technical Specifications

Diameter 160 mm
Max. Rangel 8 km
Min. Range 0,5 km
Weight 37,5 kg
Propellant Type HTPB-Based Reduced Smoke Composite Propellant
Warhead Type Insensitive Tandem Warhead Effective Against Armor with Reactive Protection
Guidance Imager Infrared (IIR) or Laser
Target Types Heavy Armored / Armored Vehicles
Platforms Helicopters (AH – 1 W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s,  Land Vehicles, Light Attack Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms


Teber laser-guided bomb


TEBER system is designed to increase the probability of hit, against moving target. TEBER is compatible with Mk-81 and Mk-82 general purpose bombs.
TEBER consists of a semi-active laser seeker (SAL), a (body) strake kit that is located in the front section. Tail section has aerodynamic control surfaces, inertial guidance system combined with GPS/GNSS receiver, guidance computer, control actuation system and thermal battery.
Growing interest for TEBER for the requirements of Gulf countries is expected.

Guidance Modes INS onlyINS+GPS

INS + GPS + Laser

Range 2 – 8 Nautical Mile (Depending on release altitude)
CEP – 50 < 3 m
Maneuver Capability ± 3 g
Moving Target Engagement Up to 110 km/s
Weight  (Mk-82, Mk-81) ~270 kg (595 lb), ~155 kg (345 lb)
Length  (Mk-82,Mk-81) 2650 mm (104’’), 2100 mm (81.5’’)


MC-27J ATK: Details


Argentine electronic warfare aircraft breaks cover

14 July 2016

Pictures of the Argentine Air Force’s Learjet 35A were released earlier this month, depicting an aircraft modified specifically for countering electronic warfare.

Argentina has not has such an aircraft since retiring the Boeing 707 VR-21.

The Air Force acquired the 35A in 2013 and contracted Avcon Industries to make the necessary modifications to allow installation of a Thales Vigile 200 electronic support system.

Other modifications include tanks on the wingtips so antennas could be fitted, compartments and new wiring for antennas, a radome on the tail, and structural changes for delta wings to achieve better stability and efficiency.

Original post


Argentine Air Force’s Learjet 35A

t-22-fuerza-area-argentina-learjet-35a_PlanespottersNet_361878Buenos Aires – Aeroparque Jorge Newbery (AEP / SABE), Argentina 03 February, 2013 Image

Installation of a Thales Vigile 200 electronic support system

12/02/2014 ( Montevideo -. Through direct purchase by Speciality No. 58 of 2014, the Argentina Air Force has hired the company Avcon Industries Inc. to undertake the necessary structural modifications that allow installation in the Learjet 35A enrollment


VR-24, an ESM Thales Monitor 200 system, which was acquired earlier. The tasks to be accomplished in Argentina, include modification and installation of the tanks of the wingtips creating watertight compartments for antennas, a radome of tail, wiring from antennas to the warehouse where the equipment data processing are, relocation of antennas that can hinder new equipment and structural modifications / facilities necessary for adapting Delta Fins, to improve stability and efficiency of the aircraft. the Thales Monitor 200 is a RESM system (Radar Electronic Support Measures) detection usually installed on naval platforms for detection radars operating between 0.5 and 18 GHz with a 360 – degree coverage. gp / CEH Photo: Thales. Source

23388415419_a320671c79_bImage @Javier Parigini Bombardier Learjet LJ-35A | by ..Javier Parigini

Spear missile fired from Eurofighter Typhoon airplane


05:40 pm – Wednesday

Hallbergmoos, Germany – As future capability development continues

(WAPA) – A UK Eurofighter Typhoon aircraft has successfully fired a SPEAR air-to-surface precision strike weapon for the first time in a flight trial conducted from BAE Systems’ site in Warton, Lancashire.
The MBDA SPEAR networked precision strike weapon was launched from Eurofighter Typhoon Production Aircraft BS116 earlier this year. The test flight was led by teams from MBDA and BAE Systems, with BAE Systems Chief Test Pilot Steve Formoso at the controls.
Following the launch, which took place at the UK Ministry of Defence’s Aberporth range, in Wales, the weapon transitioned to powered flight and completed a series of manoeuvres before reaching its pre-planned point of impact.
The Typhoon aircraft, which is subject to a continual programme of capability upgrades, has been designated as the test aircraft for trials and development of the weapon.
The SPEAR missile is being developed to meet the UK’s Selective Precision Effects At Range Capability 3 (SPEAR Cap 3) requirement for the UK’s F-35 Lightning II aircraft, with the potential to equip Typhoon. SPEAR will precisely engage long range, mobile, fleeting and re-locatable targets in all weathers, day or night, in the presence of countermeasures, obscurants and camouflage, whilst ensuring a safe stand-off range between the aircrew and threat air defences.
The test firing from the Typhoon was the culmination of trials work undertaken by MBDA to prove the weapon is ready to move to the next stage of development work, which will now continue through to 2020. SPEAR is one of a number of smart weapons which may be integrated on to the Typhoon aircraft to meet future operational requirements, including anti-ship missiles such as Marte-ER.


(World Aeronautical Press Agency – 2016-07-13 05:40 pm)

Original post


MBDA SPEAR 3 missile

According to MBDA, recent conflicts have demonstrated the need for precision strike weapons that can operate night and day in all weather conditions against severe countermeasures and importantly attack moving and manoeuvering targets. Powered by a turbojet engine, SPEAR has the beyond horizon reach to ensure that the aircraft remains safely away from hostile air defence units.

SPEAR is equipped with the latest generation precision effects warhead, designed to meet the demands of the future combat mission. This next generation air launched Surface Attack Weapon reduces the numbers of different weapons within inventory while also extending the operator’s ability to engage mobile, fleeting and re-locatable targets far beyond the horizon.

Spear launcherSPEAR Capability 3 @Think Defence

Fitted with the latest generation multi sensor seeker designed to operate in all combat conditions and to be able to engage a wide range of target types both on land and sea. SPEAR is effective against:
• Naval vessels
• Air Defence Units
• Defended structures
• Ballistic Missile launchers
• Fast moving and manoeuvering vehicles
• Main Battle Tanks, Self-Propelled Guns, Armoured Personnel Carriers

SPEAR 3 is a powered weapon, while the American-made Small Diameter Bomb II only glides. SPEAR 3 has two small side intakes for its Hamilton Sundstrand TJ-150 turbojet, and the engine opens up a whole range of unique capabilities for a weapon so small.

TJ-150-TurbojetSPEAR Capability 3 Hamilton Sundstrand TJ-150 turbojet @Think Defence

This 80 kg mini-cruise missile can be launched even when not facing the target (differently from SDB) and with more freedom regardless of launch height and weather conditions that affect gliding. The weapon is to be able to engage fixed and mobile targets alike, with a data link enabling post-launch control and retargeting.


The propulsion is also fundamental in order to achieve the range of at least 100 km that the British MOD wants. SDB is a 45 nautical miles glide weapon, while the UK MOD and MBDA believe they can achieve north of 62 nautical miles for SPEAR.

Comparing size of SPEAR 3


Eurofighter Typhoon: Details

Scorpion Selected for ASDOT Proposal


Thales RDY-3 multi-mode radar


The RDY-3 features all the advanced functions required on a multirole aircraft of the 21st century.

The Air-to-Air function with its advanced automatic mode management reduces pilot workload – search domain management, ranking and sorting of highest priority targets – and allows better tactical situation assessment and mission efficiency.

Multiple scanning patterns as well as angular domain and scanning speed are automatically managed by the radar

Advanced Combat modes with fast and automatic target acquisition and tracking adapted to hard target manœuvres at short range; high quality of target designation associated to simultaneous multi-tracking and multi-shoot capability.

The Air-to-Surface modes adapted to various missions: Navigation, Surveillance, Target, Acquisition, Very-Low Level penetration.

The reference in its category

• Lightweight and multifunction radar

• Modular design

• Adaptable to a wide range of combat aircraft


Air-to-Air Function

  • Very long range, all aspect, look-up / look-down detection
  • Automatic waveform management and antenna scanning
  • Multi-target automatic lock-on and TWS
  • Simultaneous multi-target fire control
  • Single Target Track
  • Combat modes
  • IFF interrogator capabiliy

Air-to-Ground Function RDY-3 provides all the modes required for day and night, all-weather operations:

  • High Resolution Mapping spotlight SAR (picture)
  • Terrain Avoidance (Contour Mapping for Blind Penetration)
  • Moving Target Indication and Tracking
  • Air-to-Ground Ranging
  • Freeze / Silence

Air-to-Sea Function RDY-3 provides all the modes required for BVR attack of surface ships:

  • Long-range detection
  • Multi-Target TWS
  • Target RCS assessment
  • STT
  • ISAR (option)

Others • Easy Air-to-Surface modes transitions


  • Modular design
  • Light weight: <120 kg
  • Low power consumption: 3.5 kVA
  • Different antenna sizes available
  • High average transmitted power: 400 W
  • Up-to-date signal processing technologies
  • COTS components for obsolescence protection
  • 1553 Bus
  • Advanced ECCM features
  • Very Low False Alarm Rate
  • Flexibility and growth potential
  • Efficient BITE and maintenance concept for reduced manpower and life cycle cost



ZBL-09 / VN-1 IFV

The new Chinese ZBL-09 Snow Leopard armored personnel carrier was developed by NORINCO. It is a new family of 8×8 armored vehicles. Development commenced in the 1990s. This vehicle was heavily influenced by both Western and Russian armored personnel carriers. This APC was first seen in 2006 undergoing road tests. It was first publicly revealed in 2009. It is a successor to the whole host of ageing Chinese armored vehicles. It might also replace the Type 92 APC and Type 92 IFV. Currently it is being produced in large numbers for the Chinese Army. The ZBL-09 is also being proposed for the export customers as the VN-1. It has been exported to Venezuela and possibly some other countries.

Type 92/WZ551


The design looks similar to the VAB but is consistantly heavier (basic configuration of the VAB is 4×4), and larger. The hull is made of welded steel RHA, protected against 12.7 mm cal. rounds, with an overall combat weight of 15.3t, divided in three sections (front driver compartment, middle left engine compartment, rear troop compartment). The hull is NBC-proof, with an automatic fire suppression system and is fully amphibious, thanks to two rear propellers. A nose-mounted trim vane can be erected when swimming. The crew of three comprise the driver, commander and gunner, and 9 infantrymen are seated at the rear.

Six firing ports are available to the infantry on each side. There are large windscreens with armoured shutters at the front, a right-rear door, and four roof hatches (front and rear). The powerplant is of German origin, the BF8L413F 4-stroke, 8-cylinder, turbo-charged, air-cooled diesel giving 235kW (320hp) at 2,500rpm. It is connected to a 5fwd/1rvs 5S-111GPA mechanical (automatic?) gearbox with assisted steering. All wheels have independant coil spring suspensions, and hydraulic disc brakes. There is a central inflation system, and tyres are of the run-flat type (capable of 30 kph even if all are damaged). Source

WZ551/Type92 APC specs

Dimensions 6.63 x 2.80 x 2,80 m
(21.7 x 9.1 x 9.1 fts)
Total weight, battle ready : 12.5 to 14.9 tonnes fully loaded
Crew 3+9 (Commander, Gunner, Driver, 9 troops)
Armament 25 mm AC QF, 400 rounds (IFV) + 7.62 mm coax
or 12,7 mm HMG 1500 rds (APC) + 7.62 mm coax. See notes.
Armour Overall 12.7 mm ballistic protection (0.5 in).
Propulsion Deutz TD 8 cyl. 320 hp
Top speed 85 km/h (53 mph)
Range 600 to 800 km (500 miles)
Suspension Independent 4×4 or 6×6 WD
Total production Unknown – 1,000 to 2,200 range

WZ551/Type92 Data

VN-1 export model


VN-1  Amphibious Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle of Venezuelan Marines Corps – Image

The VN1 are part of a package acquired from Chinese company North Industries Corporation (Norinco) in 2012 for $500 million. The purchase included other amphibian armoreds, such as infantry fighting vehicles VN18 (ZBD-05) and light tanks VN16 (ZTD-05).


VN-1  Amphibious Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle of Venezuelan Marines Corps – Image:


VN-1 extereior


VN-1 intereior


VN-1 intereior


VN-1 intereior


VN-1 intereior

Venezuela also bought and received in 2014 SR-5 122/220mm Multiple Rocket Launcher Systems (MRLS), SM-4 81mm self-propelled mortars, VN-4 light Armored Personnel Carrier (APC), communications systems, ammunition and logistical supplies and campaign. In 2015, Venezuela should begin to receive Z-9C ASWhelicopters. Source

The ZBL-09 was developed from a 6×6 armored personnel carrier, which was revealed in 2006. This vehicle had advanced modular design. Its construction consisted of 6 modules, including engine module, transmission, control, suspension, hull and weapon station module. It was aimed at the export customers, but received no production orders. Development of the 8×8 which became the ZBL-09 followed immediately.



Superficially, the ZBD 09 looked like Mowag’s (now BAE systems) Pirahna III, with the same broken front beak, added armour plates, same location of the main engine (right hand side), driver (left), commander and gunner (center), and same rear troop compartment arrangement with doors and two pistol ports per side. The inspiration is even more pronounced with the previous Type 07P 8×8 105mm earlier export vehicle which strongly recalls the Mowag Spy (it was sold to the Tanzania and Cameroon military). The driver’s hatch (folding left) however has an interesting arrangement with a large frontal window and two smaller side ones, and no periscopes contrary to the commander’s hatch.

The hull is all-welded made in high-resistant steel RHA, providing full protection against 12.7mm API (armour-piercing incendiary) rounds on the frontal arc at 100m, and 7.62mm light rounds on the sides, roof and rear and against artillery shell splinters. In addition modular add-on armour panels seems to be generic on production vehicles, procuring protection against 25 mm API rounds (frontally, 1,000m) and 12.7mm API (sides, 100m). Source


ZBL 09 IFV – Image: tarotinro


ZBL 09 APC – Image:

Armor of the Snow Leopard provides all-round protection against 7.62-mm armor-piercing rounds. Front arc withstands 12.7-mm armor-piercing rounds. Protection can be enhanced with add-on modular composite ceramic armor. Chinese sources claim, that maximum level of all-round protection with add-on armor is against 12.7-mm armor-piercing rounds. Front arc withstands 25-mm armor-piercing projectiles. With add-on armor fitted the ZBL-09 can be considered as a wheeled IFV. It is speculated that vehicle utilizes design elements and technologies protecting occupants from landmines and IED blasts. Vehicle is also likely to have NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems.



Most numerous version of this new Chinese APC is armed with a turret-mounted 30-mm cannon and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun. The 30-mm cannon is similar to a Soviet 2A72, which is used on a number of Soviet/Russian armored vehicles and attack helicopters. The Snow Leopard can be also fitted with two rails for HJ-73 anti-tank missiles. This missile is out-dated comparing with modern Western designs, however it still poses threat to armored vehicles. Other turrets and weapon options are also available. Vehicle is probably fitted with electronic battlefield management system.

30mm 2A72 automatic cannon

Minimum gas contamination of the manned compartment

Delayed unlocking due to single-barrel long recoil action and forward case ejection provides for minimum gas contamination of the manned compartment.



Caliber ………………………………………. 30 mm
Rate of fire …………………………………. 350-400 rds./min
Muzzle velocity ……………………………. 960 m/s
weapon ……………………………………. 84 kg
barrel ……………………………………….. 36 kg
round ……………………………………….. 0.858 kg
projectile (APT) ………………………… 0.4 kg

2A72 automatic cannon data


AMMUNITION 30mm x 165 ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUN 30mm 2A72, 2A42 AND 2A38M


This family of ammunition was designed within new generation medium-calibre cannon-based weapon systems used in IFVs/APCs, self-propelled AD systems, as well as in attack helicopters.
2A42 cannon is a part of armament system of Russian BMP-2, BMD-3 IFVs and Ka-50 and Mi-28 attack helicopters.
2A72 cannon is a part of armament system of Russian highly advanced BMP-3 IFV, as well as a part of armament system of the KLIVER turret, designed for mounting on the old-design IFVs and APCs.
2A38 cannon is a part of armament system of self propelled, advanced AD gun/missile weapon systems 2S6/2S6M TUNGUSKA and PANTSYR-S1.

These weapon/ammunition systems are capable of engaging the following targets:

Low-flying aerial targets (fixed and rotary wing aircraft, UAV’s, cruise missiles, stand-off weapons)
Lightly armoured targets (APC’s, IFV’s)
Wide range of ground targets – field fortifications, dismounted infantry etc.
Wide range of targets in urban warfare

3_2Basic features:

Advanced propellant charge design, providing for high ballistic performances of the projectile, low weight and small dimensions of the cartridge case, as well as for small cannon dimensions and weight and high weapon system ammunition capacity.
Highly reliable mechanical gun primer
Advanced steel cartridge case manufacturing technology, providing for high mechanical stress resistance and extremely high rate of fire weapon capabilities
Modern HE projectile design, providing extremely high interior and exterior ballistic performance and terminal efficiency against wide range of aerial and ground targets
Highly effective explosive charge ( RDX or RDX / Al mixture )
Effective range against aerial targets at more than 3000 m
Effective range against ground targets at more than 4000 m
Advanced impact fuzes with highly reliable self-destruction device
Highly reliable tracers with long burning time, enabling visual control of projectile’s flight
High flexibility of tactical use
Target practice/target practice with tracer rounds for training purposes

30mm ammunition data


HJ-73 anti-tank missile


VN-1  Amphibious Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle of Venezuelan Marines Corps – Image:

The 9K11 Malyutka is an anti-tank missile system of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early 1960’s as a man portable and more capable follow up for the 3M6 Shmel (AT-1 Snapper). In the West it is known under the NATO reporting nameAT-3 Sagger. Although considered obsolete, it remains in widespread use while it is cheap and simple to use compared to modern anti-tank guided weapons.

The Malyutka is a wire guided missile with a relatively simple design. The HEAT warhead is located in the front and has an impact fuze. Most of the body consists of the solid propellant rocket motor. Two exhaust nozzles are fitted since the wire and control section for the four foldable wings are located at the end. The original models used MCLOS guidance and later models switched to the more effective SACLOS guidance. These were only used on vehicles and helicopters. The manpack control box consists of a joystick and periscope.


VN-1 extereior

The Malyutka is effective against most early Cold War era tanks. The latest versions have a much improved performance, but cannot be considered top of the line. The minimum range of 500 meters results in a dead zone that must be covered with unguided rockets. The maximum range is 3 km. The MCLOS versions have shown a hit ratio of about 25 percent and the SACLOS version of over 60 percent.

The HJ-73 is a Chinese development of the Malyutka and was a direct copy of the 9M14M at first. The designation stands for Hong Jian 73 which translates to Red Arrow 73. It is used with MCLOS and SACLOS manpack launchers and various vehicles.HJ-73: Original HJ-73 introduced in 1979. Direct copy of 9M14M with MCLOS guidance.

HJ-73B: SACLOS version of original HJ-73 using components developed for HJ-8. Has a selectable MCLOS mode for short range targets and use with MCLOS launch posts.
HJ-73C: SACLOS only version with extended nose probe for increased effectiveness against ERA.
HJ-73D: HJ-73C with small fins on nose probe.


Type Anti-tank missile
Diameter 0.12 m body, 0.39 m wingspan
Length 868 mm
Weight 11.3 kg
Guidance SACLOS, wire guided
Warhead HEAT warhead, penetration >500 mm RHA
Propulsion Single-stage solid propellant rocket motor
Speed 120 m/s
Range 0.5 km minimum, 3 km maximum
Engagement envelope

Missile data


It seems that this vehicle is fitted with digital battlefield management system, as well as positioning and navigation systems. It exchanges data between similar vehicles and command posts.

This ZBL-09 has a crew of three and capacity to carry 7 to 10 troops. Passengers enter and leave the vehicle through the rear doors. Some versions are fitted with power-operated ramps. In case of emergency troops leave the vehicle via roof hatches. There are some firing ports and associated vision devices provided for the troops.

Vehicle is powered by a Deutz BF6M1015C diesel engine, developing 440 hp. It is a German engine, produced in China under license. Engine compartment is located at the front of the hull. Vehicle is fitted with a central tyre inflation system for improved cross-country mobility. The new Chinese APC is fully amphibious. On water it is propelled by two waterjets.


Deutz BF6M1015C diesel engine

1388649709157 (1)

1) engine model: Deutz BF6M1015C
2) rated output: 273KW
3) rated speed: 2100 rpm
4) max torque/speed: 1800 N.m/1200 rpm
5) idling speed: 600+-50 rpm
6) bore*stoke: 132*145(mm)
7) displacement: 11.906 L
8) compression ratio: 16.5: 1
9) aspiration: turbocharger intercooler

Engine data

A whole host of variants were developed. A number of them are in service with Chinese army. It seems that China operate these vehicles in rapid deployment units, similar to American Stryker Brigade combat teams. Each unit consists of various armored vehicles with different battlefield roles, based on the same platform. Other variants of the ZBL-09 are being offered for export. Also there is a number of unidentified variants.


ZSL-09 armored personnel carrier, armed with a 12.7-mm machine gun;

Infantry fighting vehicle, fitted with a smaller turret and 25-mm cannon;


Chinese ZBL-09 with 25-mm cannon

Command vehicle, with the turret removed and raised superstructure over the troop compartment;

Reconnaissance vehicle;

Armored recovery vehicle, fitted with a crane;


Chinese ZBL-09 variant – Image:

ZTL-09 105-mm fire support vehicle;

PLL-09 122-mm self-propelled howitzer;


Chinese ZBL-09 -122 mm self-propelled howitzer

155-mm self-propelled howitzer;

120-mm twin-barrel mortar system;

Self-propelled anti-aircraft vehicles;

ZBL-09 Self-Propelled 30mm &amp; MANPADS Short Range Air Defense (SHORAD) pla plaaf army missile 30mm  (radar aesa  (1)

Chinese ZBL-09 Self-Propelled Short Range Air Defense (SHORAD)

Armored bridgelayer;

Engineering vehicle, fitted with a dozer blade and excavator bucket;


Chinese ZBL-09 Engineering vehicle

Assault breacher vehicle, fitted with mine ploughs and possibly demolition line charge;

Communication vehicle;

Armored cargo vehicle, fitted with a small crane. Its main role is to transport ammunition and other supplies to the frontline.

Entered service 2009 (?)
Crew 3 men
Personnel 7 – 10 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 15 ~ 20 t
Length ~ 8 m
Width ~ 3 m
Height (roof) ~ 2.1 m
Main gun 30-mm cannon
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
ATGW 2 missiles
Machine guns ?
Engine Deutz BF6M1015C diesel
Engine power 440 hp
Maximum road speed 100 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 8 km/h
Range 800 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.55 m
Trench 1.8 m
Fording Amphibious


Main material source


AMPV – Light protected vehicle

The AMPV, or Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle, was jointly developed by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) and Rheinmetall. It was developed as a private venture to compete for the German Army GFF/GTF requirement. The AMVP was designed taking into account the operational experience of the German Army in Afghanistan. This light multipurpose armored vehicle was revealed in 2010. It is being proposed both for military operators and law enforcement forces.



The AMPV is intended to be used for roles, where non armored HMMWVs, Land Rovers andb G Wagons are typically used. It is broadly similar to US JLTVs, but heavier and better protected. It is well suited for light utility, patrol, light recon, surveillance, command and communications duties. This vehicle is also suitable for police and security forces where armor protection is required. It can be considered as a lightweight MRAP. However it is not a replacement for dedicated armored or mine protected vehicles.

There are two versions of the AMPV. The Type 1 is a smaller vehicle. It has a payload capacity of 2.6 t. This protected vehicle accommodates four soldiers. The Type 2 is larger, better protected and carries more payload. Most of the components are interchangeable between both versions.

AMPV 1 or Type 1



The AMPV 1 should have the dimensions of a VW van with 4.90 meters long, 2.20 meters wide and 2.10 meters high, approximately. The AMPV 2 should be slightly larger. The AMPV 1 is designed primarily as a patrol vehicles and should therefore provide the soldiers maximum protection against projectiles, mines or IEDs. A full-scale model was presented in June 2008 at the Eurosatory in Paris. The first prototype ran in 2009. Series production could start from 2011, if there are principal. Translated by google – Source



  The AMPV offers a protected transport capacity. Its safety cell is made from steel armor with composite armor inserts. Interior is lined with a spall liner. Floor of the vehicle is reinforced for protection against mines and IEDs. Protection can be enhanced by adding passive armor modules. NBC protection system is proposed as an option.



  The AMPV can be fitted with remotely controlled 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm machine gun, or a 40-mm automatic grenade launcher. These weapons are used for self-defense. Other weapon options are available.

7.62-mm Rheinmetall MG3


The MG3 essentially is a conversion of the MG42 to 7.62x51mm NATO. Early versions were simply conversions but later versions feature a multitude of minor upgrades in various areas. The MG3 retains the short recoil operation and roller locking mechanism. It is belt fed only and feeds from left to right. The square slotted forearm is open on the right to allow the quick change barrel to be removed. The MG3 can be used from the attached bipod, from a tripod and as a pintle mounted or coaxial machine gun.



The MG3 fires the 7.62x51mm NATO round from 50 round DM1 continuous belts or M13 or DM6 linked belts, mostly of 120 round length. The cyclic rate of fire is about 1.200 rpm. This results in a high ammunition consumption and rapid overheating. The barrel should be changed every 150 rounds fired in rapid succession. The MG1A2 and MG42/59 versions have a lower rate of fire of 900 rpm. The maximum effective range is 600 m from the bipod and 1 km when used from a tripod. The slant range is much longer.


Type Machine gun
Caliber 7.62x51mm NATO
Magazine Belt fed
Operation Short recoil, roller locking
Fire selector 0-F
Rate of fire 1.000 – 1.300 rpm
Barrel length 565 mm
Rifling 4 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity 820 m/s
Stock Fixed
Length 1.225 mm
Width ?
Height ?
Weight 11.05 kg
Sights Iron sights, barleycorn front and notch rear, 200 to 1.200 m gradations, 430 mm sight radius
Remarks Bipod

MG3 data

12.7-mm machine gun M2A1


General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems developed the M2A1 .50 caliber weapon after more than 30 years of experience manufacturing the M2 heavy barrel (HB) machine gun for the U.S. Department of Defense.

The M2 machine gun is one of the world’s most reliable, highly accurate and effective weapons. The M2A1 offers the proven performance and in-place logistics
support of the existing M2HB machine gun, along with the new features and design improvements of the quick change barrel (QCB) system and flash hider. These upgrades increase the performance of the battle-proven M2 and are adaptable to existing M2HB weapons.




  • Fixed headspace and timing
  • Reduces safety concerns associated with barrel
  • Simplifies warfighter training
  • Eliminates operator requirement to adjust the headspace and timing.
  • Positive barrel engagement
  • Ensures the barrel is securely locked and aligned with the patented J-slot barrel retention system.
  • Improved flash hider
  • Decreases muzzle flash, making the M2 night-vision friendly.
  • Robust, removable barrel handle
  • Streamlines hot-barrel changing.


Caliber .50 caliber / 12.7mm (NATO)
Weight 84 pounds (38.2 kg)
Length 67.75 inches (1,721mm)
Width 9 inches (230mm)
Cyclic rate of fire 450-600 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity 2,910 feet per second
(890 meters per second)
Max Effective Range 2,000 yards (1,830m)
Maximum range 7,440 yards (6,800m)

M2A1 data

40-mm automatic grenade launcher


MK-19 40mm grenade launcher

MK19 40mm Machine Gun, MOD 3

The MK19 Mod3 40mm Grenade Machine Gun was first developed by the Navy in the early 1960’s. TACOM-ARDEC has since suggested modifications to this system which has enabled the Army to deploy the MK19 in the harsh environments encountered during world-wide operations and has therefore enhanced its performance. The MK19 firing rate is over 350 grenades per minute and it is effective to ranges of over 2200 meters. The system was deployed in Southwest Asia during Operation Desert Storm and devastated enemy infantry.



Manufacturer: Saco Defense Industries
Length: 43.1 inches (109.47 centimeters)
Gun: 72.5 pounds (32.92 kilograms)
Cradle (MK64 Mod 5): 21.0 pounds (9.53 kilograms)
Tripod: 44.0 pounds (19.98 kilograms)
Total: 137.5 pounds (62.43 kilograms)
Muzzle velocity: 790 feet (240.69 meters) per second
Bore diameter: 40mm
Maximum range: 2200 meters
Maximum effective range: 1600 meters
Rates of fire:
Cyclic: 325-375 rounds per minute
Rapid: 60 rounds per minute
Sustained: 40 rounds per minute

MK-19 data

Remotely controlled WS



Modular and efficient
The remote controlled Light Weapon Station FLW 100 is constructed in a completely modular design. Via a standardized interface weapons of calibers 5,56 and 7,62 can be integrated quickly and safely. The interface and operating software permit the weapon system to be changed within minutes.

Adequately encountering any threat
Thanks to the simple adaptation without roof opening and their low weight, the FLW 100 can be employed across almost all vehicle types and also autonomously. – such as for camp protection. The same weapon station, for example, can be moved from a MBT to a low-protection patrol vehicle. Automatic vehicle detection, weapons, optoelectronic module, standardized operating and display concept, as well as cross-system standardized operating and display concept as well as an efficient safety and test system guarantee simple integration and operability.  The safety system of the weapon station takes into account the vehicle contours as well as the vehicle specific array of hatches, doors and sectors – the possibility of accidentally firing at the own vehicle is thereby eliminated.

Everything in sight
Modular optoelectronic sensor systems also guarantee optimized field surveillance, target acquisition and combat by day, night or under poor visibility. The system comprises a high-resolution CCD color camera with zoom, a powerful thermal imaging device (cooled or non-cooled), a unique image fusion function and a laser rangefinder for the modular surveillance, operating and display concept of the weapon stations.

Best response possibilities
The high elevation aiming angle from -15° to +70° offers distinct advantages, also in urban mission scenarios. The efficient combination of weapon options, high grade optoelectronics and stabilization guarantee a fast and precise reaction to threats, even when driving.

 The FLW 100 additionally allows: 

  • Adaption of protection systems (fog, NLW, etc.)
  • Adaption of further weapons of similar caliber
  • Adaption of ballistic protection elements
  • Integration sensors, such as  „sniper detection“
  • Scan mode
  • Adaption to command and simulation systems, recording software, etc.




Modular and efficientThe remote controlled Light Weapon Station FLW 200 is constructed in a completely modular design. Via a standardized interface weapons of calibers 7,62/12,7 mm up to a 40 mm grenade launcher can be integrated quickly and safely. The interface and operating software permit the weapon system to be changed within minutes. The respective armaments – from the machine gun to the grenade launcher – are automatically detected and the weapon station adapts its ballistics accordingly. Source

Rheinmetall’s Rapid Obscurant System (ROSY) system


The ROSY_L smoke protection system helps to protect the crew and passengers of military and civilian vehicles from surprise attacks and ambushes e.g. during reconnaissance patrols or while travelling in convoy. Unlike conventional smoke and obscurant systems, ROSY_L produces within one second an instantaneous, large-area, multispectral interruption of the line of sight that shields even moving vehicles with a dynamic, long-lasting smoke screen.

Its multi-mission capability assures 360° protection from multiple attackers (stream and wave attacks). Moreover, thanks to effective screening in the visual and infrared spectrums, including integrated IR jamming and decoying effects, ROSY_L effectively thwarts attacks with all types of TV-, EO-, IR-, IIR-, laser- und SACLOS-guided weapons.

thumbnail_586432_495x300ROSY_L encompasses a basic system with a manual control unit and from one to four ROSY launchers per vehicle. A “one-click” adapter makes mounting the system on vehicles quick and easy, with no need for tools, particularly suitable for “fitted-for” installations.

Furthermore, the system features extreme modularity and can be directly linked to the sensor suite of the carrier vehicle’s computer systems. The ammunition variants can be individually selected and triggered, enabling optimum positioning of smoke screens. Source

At MSPO 2015

A interesting new offer presented in MSPO 2015 is the one made jointly with Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles (RMMV), Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW), and Poland’s ROSOMAK S.A. They showed the AMPV multirole wheeled vehicle which they offer for the PEGAZ (PEGASUS) modernization programme. This programme aims to procure up to 500 vehicles in two versions (combat and control) for the Land Forces (300) and Special Forces (200).


The AMPV is offered to Poland via RMMV, KMW, and Rosomak SA.

A version presented during MSPO 2015 has a more optimised interior design in order to accommodate required communication systems, weapons and additional equipment which might be necessary during long-range operations by Polish special forces. The transport section has been enlarged by 30 cm, which was necessary in order to meet PEGAZ’s requirements. This vehicle might be equipped with ROSY (Rapid Obscuring System for Land Vehicles) of Rheinmetall, which provides 360 degree protection. As presented, the AMPV was equipped with FONET internal communication system made by Poland’s WB Electronics and the ZSMU-1276 remotely controlled weapon system made by Poland’s ZM Tarnów (with thermal camera, daylight video camera, laser rangefinder and either 7,62 mm or 12,7 mm gun). In a standard configuration, the AMPV provides ballistic protection at Level 3 and mine protection at Level 4a/3b (ultimately 4b) according to STANAG 4569. Its declared range is 700km, maximum speed 110km/h. It can be transported by CH-47 and CH-53 helicopters or by transport aircrafts.


The AMPV features ZM Tarnow’s RCWS, and Rheinmetall’s ROSY.


Remote-controlled modules weapons OBR SM Tarnów

To remotely control modules (position), weapons fulfilled the requirements for the weapons of the modern battlefield, must possess a number of important characteristics. These positions should be a lightweight and efficient armament of tanks, military vehicles (eg .: wheeled armored personnel carriers, light commercial vehicles personality-field), vessels and stationary objects. They should ensure that customs and efficient fire without exposing the crew to the impact of the opponent. The design of them shall be able to configure weapons (eg .: heavy machine gun, machine gun, automatic grenade launchers and guided missiles) and the selection of appropriate modules observation and aiming for the weapons used. Posts should enable the implementation of the necessary range of angles the location of weapons and the correct speed and precision guidance, aimed to allow the operators of those positions on combating moving at different speeds ground targets and air targets such as .: helicopters.


Family ZSMU “Kobuz” used modules also have to provide an appropriate range of observation, the scope aiming in any weather conditions and at any time of the day or night. Remote control stations using weapons desktop with monitor and joystick placed in the vehicle to ensure maximum operator safety, because it is protected against fire from armored vehicle on which is mounted position. The use of remote-controlled weapon stations should not require significant changes in vehicle construction and reconstruction of systems of protection. Construction they should be characterized by easy assembly and disassembly of various types of weapons and ease of use. The base remotely controllable unit armed HM-ZSMU – A Basis for the remote-controlled unit armed HM-ZSMU-A is a set of enabling mounting: cradle for rifle 7.62 PKT (UKM 2000C ) cradle for gun 12.7 WKM-B universal cradle for gun PKT 7.62 (UKM 2000C) and 12.7 WKM-B or cradle for other types of equipment, eg. 40 mm grenade launchers. It is equipped with an adapter (beams) for fixing it on all types of passenger and cargo vehicles.


Basis of remotely controlled weapon module HM-ZSMU-A, its basic units and parts:
1. The beam (adapter)
2. The base rotational bearing
3. Chop the left (with the base drive raised)
4. Chop the right foundation for the measuring system to raise
5. Bolts marching (elevation and rotation)
6. System for measuring the angle of rotation
7. The base of the kickers smoke grenades
8. Reducer drive on the market
9. Reducer drive in raising
10. The control system
11. Swivel connector. Depending on the weapon, the basis of remotely controlled weapon module HM-ZSMU-A equipped with a cradle unit to be mounted gun 12.7 WKM-B, or 7.62 PKT (UKM-2000C). Remotely controlled weapon module ZSMU -762 A1


The ZSMU -762 A1 consists of the following elements:
1. Basis of remotely controlled weapon module HM-ZSMU
2. The team cradle for 7.62mm rifle UKM-2000C
3. The power supply system in the ammunition box with ammunition 250 pcs.
4. 7.62 mm rifle UKM-2000C with elektrospustem and components for assembly
viewfinder mechanical
5. The team aiming the camera day-night. Remotely controlled weapon module ZSMU-1276 A1


The ZSMU-1276 includes the following elements:
1. Basis of remotely controlled weapon module HM-ZSMU-A,
2. Team universal cradle for mounting gun 12.7 WKM-B or
rifle 7.62 UKM 2000C,
3. The power supply system in the ammunition box with ammunition for 150 or 200 pcs.,
4. Rifle 12.7 WKM-B elektrospustem and muzzle brake,
5. The team aiming the camera day-night. Remotely controlled weapon module has been installed and tested at the testing polygon on the car HMMWV 1043.Remotely controlled weapon module ZSMU-1276 A2


Completing the module intended for mounting on Rosomak
In consists of the following components:
I. Cradle complete
I.1. 12.7 mm rifle WKM-B system with adaptive
I.1.1. 12.7 mm rifle WKM-B
I.1.2. Elektrospust
I.1.3. Damper
I.2. Trigger mechanism
I.3. 7.62 mm rifle UKM-2000C system with adaptive
I.3.1. 7.62 mm UKM-2000C (equipped with rifle sights UKM-
I.3.2. Trigger mechanism rifle 7.62
I.4. The mechanism of electrical overload
II. Bed complete lower HM-ZSMU (without beam)
II.1. Team bed
II.2. Bolt marching
II.3. The base pin
II.4. The base drive
II.5. System for measuring the angle of rotation
III. Fixing the ammo box
III.1. Box ammunition 12.7 (200 pcs.)
IV. Handle box
IV.1. Ammunition box 7.62 (250 pcs.)
V. Team grenade launchers
V.1. Ejector
VI. Team sensors
VI.1. TV camera CCD
VI.2. An infrared camera
VI.3. Laser rangefinder
VII. ARM-08 / RM electromechanical equipment
VII.1. The control
VII.3. The band servo azimuth
VII.4. The encoder position in azimuth
VII.5. The band servo elevation
VII.6. Position encoder elevation
VII.7. Rotary joint
VII.9. Cable harnesses
VII.10. Desktop
VII.11. The keypad and module GYRO.
VIII. SSP-1 WHO “OBRA-3KTO” System samoosłony vehicle.


Module ZSMU-1276 A2 with a gun 12.7 WKM-B


Module ZSMU 1276-A2 rifle 7.62 UKM-2000C Intended basic assemblies ZSMU-1276 A1 mount a complete module armament and base swivel module weaponry , integrates all the basic mechanical systems remotely controlled weapon module and provides guidance weapon in azimuth in the range of angles x 360 degrees.


Bed complete (left) and turntable cradle is designed for installation and weapon control and for mounting the optoelectronics. It allows you to give an appropriate angle to raise weapons in the area -5o to more than 50 ° and allows you to change options of weapons and use 7.62 mm machine gun UKM-2000C. In the cradle is mounted electric system overload


Cradle complete 12.7 mm heavy machine gun WKM-B The team consists of: – WKM-B – muzzle brake, – elektrospust, – recoil dampers, – the rear clamp


12.7 mm heavy machine gun WKM-B system with adaptive 7.62 mm machine gun UKM-2000C , on which is mounted targeting systems rifle UKM-2000P


7.62 mm machine gun UKM-2000C system with adaptive system Adapter allows you to mount and operate gun UKM-2000C on ZSMU-1276 A2

Servo geared elevation and azimuth control in speed or positional weapons; in the servo motors include permanent magnet synchronous converters with rezolwerowymi shaft position, cycloidal gear (elevation) with high mechanical characteristics – high efficiency, high overload, lack of backlash and the planetary gear (azimuth) of high efficiency, very small clearances. In addition, propulsion systems have sufficient torque reserve allowing the correct operation of the three-axis stabilization.


Servo elevation system supply ammunition , comprising a removable ammunition box placed in the rack, which zataśmowana ammunition through the feed is fed to the gun WKM-B or UKM-2000C.Uzupełnianie ammunition ready for use is realized by exchanging boxes for ammunition suspended cradle module weapons. Boxes are located inside the vehicle. Reload the gun operator performs the desktop placed in the cradle controlling system overload, and in case of emergency operation, by overloading performed manually through the hatch on the outside of the vehicle. In safe mode, the operator can disengage the electric drive motor, which allows manual control of weapons and firing using a manual trigger. Guidance weapons at the target is carried out with the help of full-time iron sights weapons.


The power supply system to the gun 7.62 mm UKM-2000C (left) and 12.7 mm WKM-B option can be powered rifle 12.7mm ammunition from the box through a flexible sleeve. Flexible connection used to carry zataśmowanej 12.7 mm ammunition between the chest and throat ammunition karabinu.Rękaw flexible is a series of interconnected movable together narrow clamps the cartridge called cells. This makes for the possibility of movement of the belt ammunition in 3-ch directions. Flexible connection is connected to the ammunition box and the support sleeve on the cradle releasably, which allows for quick installation and removal of the tape ammunition.

rkaw elastyczny

a flexible sleeve


Link in the chain – in the middle of zataśmowany cartridge system grenade launcher containing 6 pcs. Smoke grenade launchers mounted on a swivel turret or elsewhere on nosicielu WHO ROSOMAK 1.Granaty smoke launcher can be fired from the operator panel or the desktop ZSMU OBRA-3. the hood can be inserted in the ejector, which is mounted on the front wall ZSMU 1276-A2. In this case, it is possible to use only grenades type GAK-81 and GM-81. When using other than / in – guns should be mounted outside the module such weapons. On adaptive system for mounting ZSMU-1276 A2 WHO or on the body of WHO ROSOMAK- 1.

hm zsmu-1276 a2 wyrzutnik granatw

Team grenade launchers mounted on the module ZSMU-1276 A2


Remote controlled weapon ZSMU-1276 A2 with a mounted band ejectors


A sample set of ejectors installed on the system Adaptive next ZSMU-1276 A2 Control systems devices ZSMU-1276 A2 Control panel and desktop wynośny consist of a 10 “LCD display with high contrast and keypad to speed-electric drives. On the desktop are placed switches and buttons to control the teams accessories, as well as lights indicating the current states of the devices. The display addition to the signal from the camera were placed additional information about the current position of the turret and armed state – the angles of elevation and lifting, ammunition and other.


Control panel – wynośny Controls nap Edam in elevation and azimuth, containing programmable module setting the zones prohibited and control of security against the possibility of control, eg. At the opening of the hatch. Control module supports input and output signals turrets and containing ballistic calculator.This module converts signals from the encoder absolute position in azimuth and elevation and provides support and control grenade launcher and elektrospustu. It also includes a system of counting missiles and programming the duration of the series. Three-axis stabilization unit compensates for the effect of the acceleration (found for example. During the movement of the vehicle) impinged on the rifle. Stabilization keeps a rifle axis directed in point.Stabilization unit is mounted on the fixed elements of WHO in the area of building ZSMU 1276-A2. The module optoelectronic laser distance meter allows you to measure the distance to the target. This measurement is used for calculator ballistic. You can work tools without a laser rangefinder, the information about the distance to the goal inflicted. Laser rangefinder, which is equipped optoelectronic module is a Class III and niskomocowym, secure to the unaided eye of a scale in the range of 100 to 2500 min I accuracy not worse than ± 5 m.

schemat pocze

Block Diagram Connection ZSMU-1276 at KTO TV camera in this version there is a daily TV camera with zoom lens enabling a smooth change of the field of view range from 30º to 1º This range is provided mainly for observing the area around the car, to search, track and engage targets moving quickly within destruction of weapons and for the detection of distant objects, as well as to improve the precision targeting objects within range weapons destruction. An infrared camera enables the identification of targets with dimensions of 4.6 2.3x distant at least 800 m in night conditions.


Team sensors – TV camera and thermal imager and laser rangefinder warning system for radiation SSP-1 OBRA-3 is mounted at the desired location, and WHO is connected to a control ZSMU-1276 A2. Information about radiation are transferred from OBRA-3 to the control ZSMU-1276 A2. Launchers are controlled from the operator panel. Operator fires grenades in the selected mode (automatic or semiautomatic) .If installation launcher system adaptive enter limitations resulting from the collision of weapons ZSMU flight paths and smoke grenades. Parameters tactical and technical ZSMU-1276 A2 and its component teams Tactical data: With wielkokalibrowym 12,7x99mm machine gun WKM-B – the mass of the module in full bundling 200 kg (full module configuration) – scatter 2x5strz. 100m distance R80 ≤ 65 cm – accuracy 2x5strz. distance 100m max. Pc – SPT≤27 cm With 7,62x51mm machine gun UKM-2000C – mass module full bundling 180 kg scatter 2x5strz. 100m distance R80 ≤ 24 cm – accuracy 2x5strz. distance 100m max. Pc – SPT≤10 cm Operation 1 person Range of elevation angle (to raise) from -5 ° min. + 50 ° angle range azimuth (rotation) x 360 ° control of the speed drives positional or angular velocities homing weapons horizontally and vertically: minimal – 1 mrad / s maximum – 2.5 rad / s (level) of 1.5 rad / s ( vertical) the maximum acceleration of 2.5 rad / s2precision guidance and stabilization of weapons ≤ 2.5 mrad system parameters aim: camera day: – CCD sensor resolution of 798 x 548 pixels – field of view of 1 ° to 30 ° (horizontal) – power supply 18 ÷ 32 VDC – standard output 1Vpp; 75V; pal – control interface RS 422 infrared camera -detektor does not require cooling, -Pol view -Wide 20ox15o -wąskie 5o x 3,75o -length wave of 8 to 12 microns -Power supply 12 VDC -interfejs control RS-422 laser distance meter class. III A safe for the human eye – the range of 100 m min. 2500 m – measuring accuracy of ± 5 m Number of ammunition 12.7 x 99 mm ready to use 200 units. The amount of ammunition 7.62 x 51 mm ready for use 250 pcs. Quantity of ammunition 12.7 x 99 mm carried in the vehicle (unit fire ) (6 boxes) 1 200 pcs. Quantity of ammunition 7.62 x 51 mm carried in the vehicle (fire unit) (8 cases) 2000 pieces. Launchers smoke grenades: 6 pcs. the warning system for radiation SSP-1 “OBRA-3” power source (with on-board network carrier) DC 24 V ± 4V remotely controlled weapon module ZSMU-127 B1 in the last two years in Research and Development Mechanical Equipment developed remote controlled weapon ZSMU-127B1. The main feature which distinguishes it from the family A1 is the fact that the ammunition box is not suspended to the cradle, but is attached to the turntable, and power rifle ammunition takes place through the flexible duct. Translated by google – Source



The AMPV is powered by a 3.2-liter turbocharged diesel engine, developing 272 hp. Engine is coupled with an automatic transmission. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive. The AMPV is fitted with a central tyre inflation system as standard. It is claimed that this vehicle has good cross-country mobility over rough terrain.

AMPV (15)


ECS: AMPV AWD Drivetrain



ECS’s 4WD-drivetrain is well-suited for AWD special vehicles and commercial vehicles in class N2 up to 10t for optimised off-road mobility.

Features and specifications

  • Optimized performance on- and off-road
  • Automatic gearbox (six-speed)
  • Synchronised two-speed transfer case with permanent AWD
  • Identical design of front and rear axle differential
  • Modular design of the planetary wheel hubs with CTIS capability
  • Electronically controlled differential locks for optimum traction
  • Designed for high mobility due to independent suspension system on all wheels
  • Weight optimised design
  • Proven strength and durability
  • Climate area C1 to A1 according to STANAG 2895
  • Used in high-mobility multi-purpose vehicles


Steyr M16SCI, 3.2-litre

Motive power is provided by a Steyr Motors M16 SCI diesel engine that has the ability to operate for extended periods on high sulphur, low quality and military-specific fuels such as F34/JP-8. Twin 150A alternators provide electrical power for engine and associated systems, radios/communications equipment, and ancillaries such a remote weapon station. Source


Engine Type M16 SCI
Cylinders 6
Displacement (cm³) 3,2
Bore (mm)/Stroke (mm) 85/94
Combustion system direct injection diesel engine
Injection control electronic
Charge system sequential charged with intermediate cooler
Rated power [kW] 200
Rated speed [rpm] 4000
Max. torque [Nm] at 610/2000
Specific fuel cons. [g/kwh]] 205
Exhaust emission EURO III/IV/V
Weight (kg) 290
Generator 14V or 28V/65-100A
Vacuum pump standard
Starter motor 12V or 24V/2.0-4.0 kW
Fuel feed pump electrical
A/C compressor option
Power steering pump option
Air compressor option
Auxilary poly-V-drive standard

Engine data

  This protected vehicle can be airlifted by the C-130 Hercules tactical cargo aircraft. A special patrol version of the AMPV Type 1 can be carried by a CH-53 helicopter.

Entered service ?
Configuration 4×4
Cab seating 4 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight (empty) 7.3 t
Payload capacity 2.6 t
Length 5.43 m
Width 2.24 m
Height 2.18 m
Machine guns 7.62-mm or 12.7-mm
Engine diesel
Engine power 272 hp
Maximum road speed 110 km/h
Range 700 km
Gradient over 70%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step ~ 0.5 m
Trench ~ 0.5 m
Fording ~ 1.2 m

Main material source



Thailand Bids For a Place on the Aerospace World Stage



by Jennifer Meszaros  – July 11, 2016, 5:00 AM


Thailand’s relatively low wages make it a logical choice for MRO.

In an attempt to duplicate the success of its automotive industry—the 12th largest in the world—Thailand is ramping up its push to become a full-service aerospace hub, and a major player in the region’s multi-billion-dollar aircraft maintenance and manufacturing industries. The country’s presence here at the Farnborough International Airshow falls under the remit of its Board of Investment (Hall 4 Stand A110).

Thailand may seem overly ambitious to some, but Peter Gille, director of operations and engineering at Triumph Aviation Services—Asia (TASA) remains bullish on the country’s growth prospects. TASA’s capabilities include repairing and overhauling auxiliary power units (APU), thrust reversers, composite structures, and engine and airframe accessories.

I am personally convinced that Thailand can become a full-service aerospace hub,” Gille told AIN. “This is, in fact, what I am personally trying to contribute to.”

Dozens of industry leaders agree. Over the past two decades, Thailand has attracted significant investment from several U.S. companies such as Triumph, Honeywell, General Electric and Chromalloy, along with French tire manufacturer Michelin and German manufacturer Leistritz. According to Thailand’s Board of Investment (BOI), 24 companies are actively involved in aircraft part manufacturing while 12 companies perform maintenance and repair on aircraft and parts.

Thailand’s not-so-secret weapon lies in its strategic location, low labor costs, expanding network of free trade agreements and generous incentive packages. Situated in the heart of Southeast Asia, the country offers convenient trade with China, India and so-called Asean countries (Those in the Association of South East Asian Nations). Moreover, Thailand’s two international deep-sea ports on the eastern seaboard enable suppliers to tap into global markets.

Thailand is centrally located and very pro-business,” said Ronald Vuz, president of Triumph Structures Thailand—a manufacturer of aerospace composite structures. “We are in a free trade zone. This is a big part of the reason why we bought this facility. The country also has strong regulations and policies along with great logistics. It is very easy to get product in and out.”

Speaking to AIN last month, Segsarn Trai-Ukos, country director for Michelin, said the country’s geographical advantage prompted the company to switch its base of operations. “We recently moved our headquarters from Singapore to Thailand. We wanted to be closer to our customers and closer to our factories,” he said. “For us, this was a strategic decision.”

Despite uncertainties over Thai politics, the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2016 report places Thailand as the second-ranked emerging economy in Southeast Asia in which to do business and the 49th in the world. Aerospace companies say they have no complaints when it comes to serving overseas customers.

Gerton van den Oetelaar, engineering director of Chromalloy Thailand, said, “95 percent of our work is engine component maintenance. On average, we have 82 to 100 customers worldwide. Having agreements with BOImakes us very competitive.”

The agreements that van den Oetelaar allude to are laid out in well-defined investment policies that include a string of fiscal and non-fiscal incentives that range from corporate tax exemptions to assistance with customs, work permits and product sourcing. Available incentives include an exemption of import duties on machinery, no export requirements, an eight-year corporate income tax exemption and permission to own land.

Airlines often want their parts in a very short time,” van den Oetelaar told AIN. “We ship anywhere in the world in two, three days, max. This is because we have priority clearance from BOI to import and export.”

Thailand’s generous investment packages do not end there. Recognizing the importance of infrastructure and the need for greater integration between core industries, Ajarin Pattanapanchai, deputy security general of BOI, told AIN that a policy launched early last year aims to ramp up further investment in aerospace activities.

Super Cluster

Dubbed the Super-Cluster initiative, the program allows future companies to be eligible for eight-year corporate tax exemptions and an additional five-year reduction of 50 percent, provided they are in the designated cluster areas.

For industries with significant importance, Pattanapanchai said that the Ministry of Finance will consider granting 10 to 15 years’ corporate income tax exemption, personal income tax exemption for renowned specialists and matching grants to support investors in high-value-added activities such as training and research and development (R&D).

In order to be eligible, companies must collaborate with academic or research institutes to improve the level of human resources and technology. “In order to accelerate investment, projects need to apply this year and generate revenue in 2017. But for big projects, the BOI may consider a time frame on a case by case basis,” Pattanapanchai said.

Having a broad-based game plan that includes cooperation between institutions, the government and the private sector have long been a part of Thailand’s DNA in building up competitive manufacturing industries. Today, aerospace companies benefit from the country’s advanced auto manufacturing and electronics industries.

Many of our Thai employees came from the automotive industry,” said Vuz. “While we provide training, the automotive industry has paved the way for people to enter aerospace.”

Arnd Balzereit-Kelter, managing director of Leistritz, agrees. “Thailand has experienced a slowdown in the automotive industry. So we are leveraging off this and hiring people from the sector.” Leistritz’s Thai division is a global supplier of components for the forging of compressor blades for aero engines such as the International Aero Engines V2500, Pratt & Whitney PW1000G (with P&W partner MTU), and Rolls-Royce Trent 700, 900 and 1000.

Compared to neighboring countries like Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, Thailand has more skilled labor that companies can tap into. According to Gille, the country has civil engineering schools and two main universities that offer aerospace programs

I am very impressed with the level of education,” Gille told AIN, “Fifty percent of our staff have bachelor or master degrees, and two employees have PhDs. They know what they are doing.”

Saying this, TASA and other aerospace companies recognize the need to invest in new capabilities, as manufacturers deliver next generation aircraft and engines with new technology. To remain competitive, companies across the sector offer employees in-house and overseas training.

We have Thai people training Thais, and English-speakers training Thais to train other Thai people,” Vuz said. “Thais can do the work. They just need more experience and a chance to broaden their capabilities.”

Making sure there is a sufficient knowledge-based workforce to accommodate MRO growth, van den Oetelaar said Chromalloy offers roughly 200 training courses per year in areas such as machining and welding. The company currently employs more than 500 people and serves all the major airlines in the world.

Quality is not an argument, it’s a standard,” he said. “You have to comply with regulatory requirements in this field.”

Aerospace companies are not only leveraging Thailand’s burgeoning talent base, they are also taking advantage of low labor costs. With aerospace work becoming more intensive and more costly, van den Oetelaar said it makes sense to be based in a country with relatively low wages.

Asia is a growth region. There is going to be more maintenance required,” he said. “We focus on doing everything in house, which makes us very efficient and low-cost.”

While Thai employees may earn a lower salary compared to their Western peers, the cost of living and doing business in Thailand is substantially less.

People go to India because the market is growing but it’s expensive with poor infrastructure. The cost of borrowing capital is very high compared to Thailand,” said Ketan Pole, chief executive officer of C.C.S. Advance Tech—a manufacturer of piece parts for Tier 1 and Tier 2 customers of Boeing, Airbus, Rolls-Royce and UTAS.

Pole told AIN that another benefit to Thailand is a competitive corporate income tax rate at 20 percent.

In Southeast Asia, Thailand has advantages, “he said. “It makes sense to be here.”


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