The Ansat 2RC armed reconnaissance helicopter was developed by Kazan Helicopters. It is based on Ansat light utility helicopter. The Kazan helicopter manufacturing company is one of the largest helicopter manufacturers in the world. It is also producing Mi-8, Mi-17 and Mi-24 helicopters.
Mi-24 Hind: Here
Previously this plant was producing Mi-1 and Mi-4 helicopters. In total it produced over 12 000 helicopters. These are in service with Russia and have been exported to about 100 countries of the world. So Kazan Helicopters has significant experience in developing and manufacturing helicopter.
Mock up of this helicopter was first revealed in 2005. A demonstrator was first revealed in 2007. However future of this helicopter is uncertain. Currently Russian MoD has no plans to order this reconnaissance helicopter. Also it received no export orders.
The Kazan Ansat 2RC can be used for scouting, perform recon missions, support field artillery by designating target coordinates. Also it can independently support ground forces with its firepower. In concept it is similar to the American OH-58D Kiowa Warrior armed reconnaissance helicopter. Previously there were no specialized helicopter for this role in Russia.
OH-58D Kiowa Warrior: Here
This helicopter has a conventional gunship layout. The pilot seated in the rear and gunner at the front. The helicopter is fitted with nose-mounted optical and infra-red sensors. These sensors can operate in day/night and adverse weather conditions with limited vision.
Image: redstar.grImage: redstar.grANSA 2RC MAKS-2005 on the prototype – Image: jets.hu
This reconnaissance helicopter is armed with a 12.7-mm machine gun. Also there are four hardpoints on wing stubs. These can carry various weapons, such as unguided rockets, anti-tank missiles, bombs, or air-to-air missiles. Weapon load can be tailored to suit mission requirements.
THE LATEST EVOLUTION of the Ansat is its -2RC variant (Razvedchik-Celeukazatel – reconnaissance-target indicator) which made its maiden flight on 29 July 2005 in Kazan, just two weeks before its appearance at the MAKS 2005 air show in Zhukovsky near Moscow. Just as the original Bell’s AH-1 Cobra was a derivative of that company’s UH-1 ‘Huey’, the Ansat-2RC derives from Kazan Helicopters’ standard Ansat, with the prototype-demonstrator -2RC utilizing the dynamic systems (rotor, drives and engines) of the first flying prototype Ansat, whose serial-number (902) it retains. It has a narrow Cobra-like fuselage with tandem cockpits for the pilot (rear) and for the Mission Systems Operator (MSO). Source helitorque.com
In the prototype the pilot’s cockpit is fully equipped, while the MSO cockpit (with some test equipment installed) is currently presented in mock-up form only. The helicopter is equipped with the Russian electro-optical TOES-521 turret with thermo-vision camera and laser rangefinder and, according to manufacturer’s specifications, can carry up to 1,300 kg of weapons and stores on four pylons under short wings in addition to a single fixed machine gun – the 12.7 mm Kord – installed at the starboard side. Source helitorque.com
12.7 mm Kord
|Firing rate, shot/min||600-750|
|Muzzle velocity of a bullet, m/s||820-860|
|Target range, m (max)||2000|
|Technical resource, shot||10000|
|Machine-gun mass (without sight and SPTA),
— Mass of 12.7 mm machine-gun
on bipod 6T19 (index 6П57)
— Mass of infantry mount
|Machine-gun dimensions, mm (max)
height (with sight)
height (without sight)
width (between bipod supports)
from 475 to 575
from 395 to 495
12.7 mm Kord technical data zid.ru
12.7 mm Kord – Image: redstar.gr
- B8V7 seven-barreled 80-mm rocket launchers
- Igla antiaircraft missiles
- Light anti-tank missiles
B8V7 seven-barreled 80-mm rocket launchers
Igla anti-aircraft missiles
The 9K38 Igla is a Man-Portable Air Defense System (MANPADS) developed by Soviet Union in the 1970s. It succeeded the older Strela-3 with better range and seeker sensitivity. The system uses 9M39 Surface-to-Air missile (SAM). It was adopted in 1981. This air defense system is known in the West as SA-18 Grouse. The Igla MANPADS can engage aircraft, helicopters and UAVs.
Comparing with the Strela series, the Igla has increased warhead weight. Its infrared guidance system uses proportional convergence logic for target acquisition and movement prediction.
The 9M39 missile constitutes a seeker head, control system and propulsion system. The 9E410 seeking head contains photo resistor sensor made of Indium cooled down to -200 degree Celsius for better IR source acquisition. The seeker head also contains logical selection unit to enhance system’s acquisition capability during target engagement. The Igla also uses 9S520 night fire equipment package.
Igla-V is an air-to-air version, used on helicopters.
Igla-S, sometimes referred as Igla-Super. It is an improved variant in the Igla, which entered service with Russian Army in 2004. It is known in the West as SA-24 Grinch. It is more efficient weapon with longer range (up to 6 km). The missile was fitted with a new two-channel optical seeker with logic unit. It has higher jamming immunity due to good target selectivity against the background interference. The Igla-S also has increased warhead weight, laser based contact/proximity fuse, algorithm based optimal moment of explosion and high accuracy; all adds to the advantages of the new Igla-S over its predecessor. The warhead also features increased high explosive charge and fragment number. The warhead is made of Indium antimonide which allows lock onto receding target easier. The Igla-S has the same weight and size as the older missile, as well as similar launching/maintenance procedures. With its high combat effectiveness, Igla-S system can be used to engage cruise missiles and drones. This MANPADS has been exported to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Libya, Slovenia, Thailand, Venezuela, Vietnam, and possibly some other countries.
Verba is the latest version. It was developed as a replacement for the Igla and Igla-S systems. The main improvement is a three-channel optical seeker. It uses three sensors, including ultraviolet, near infrared and mid-infrared. It improved discrimination abilities between real targets and decoys. This air defense system was approved for production in 2011. The Verba was adopted by the Russian Armed Forces in 2014. It has a 1.5 kg warhead and can reach targets at a range of 6 km and maximum altitude of 4.5 km.
Hwasung-Chong is a North Korean version of the Igla.
Grom is a Polish version of the Igla. In the early 1990s Polish intelligence services acquired design plans of the Igla missile. This missile entered service with the Polish armed forces in 1995.
|Missile length||1.57 m|
|Missile diameter||0.07 m|
|Fin span||0.3 m (?)|
|Missile weight||10.8 kg|
|Weight with launcher||17.9 kg|
|Warhead weight||1.17 kg|
|Warhead type||High explosive blast fragmentation|
|Range of fire||5.2 km|
|Altitude of fire||3.5 km|
One unusual feature of this ‘two crew’ helicopter is a ‘third seat’ in the rear part of the fuselage, accessed by a small door on the port side. Although the position is equipped with a support for light caliber weapons, it is intended to be for emergency use only, for such things as evacuating downed aircrew. Self-defense systems are typical for Russian military helicopters with chaff/ flare dispensers (the UV-26 with up to 128 f lares) installed on both sides of the fuselage, and an infrared jamming unit (L166V) between the engines.
UV-26 chaff/ flare dispensers
It is intended to protect aircraft and helicopters against guided missiles by jamming their guidance systems and actuators in the optical and radio wavelengths of electromagnetic waves. The composition of the device – control unit, control unit, power switches, emission units (of embodiment A or B). Option device depends on the type of aircraft to equip. Operating modes – manual, auto, fast shooting, the built-in control. The device operates as part of the on-board or off-defense complex. Parameters shooting programs – volley, series, series interval sequence, the interval sequence. The shooting noise is produced from the left, right or on both sides simultaneously. Provides compensation for single and multiple combat damage, faults (with the implementation of a given program). Output digital display of the current availability of cartridges – on the remote control or on-board LED. Source vympelmkb.com
Infrared jamming unit (L166V)
L166V-11E Ispanka microwave IR jammer
Russian tradition – confirmed by combat experience in places like Afghanistan and Chechnya – would suggest the helicopter be wellarmoured, however no information is currently available about Ansat-2RC’s armour fit. This is very much an early version of the helicopter whose configuration is almost certain to change as it develops. For example, the wings are currently set too low making access to weapon stations difficult and, in fact, Kazan’s presentations already show a higher wing installation and a wheel landing gear instead of skids. There is little information to hand on advanced systems but it is certain that a production version will feature comprehensive sensor suites and self-defense systems. Source helitorque.com
The Ansat 2RC is powered by two Canadian Pratt & Whitney PW207K turboshaft engines, developing 630 shp each. It has a four-blade main rotor.
2 x Canadian Pratt & Whitney PW207K turboshaft engines
|Propulsion||2 Turboshaft Engines|
|Engine Model||Pratt & Whitney Canada PW207K|
|Engine Power (each)||470 kW||630 shp|
Engine Specification flugzeuginfo.net
While this currently remains the standard engine, it may not suit some markets, so in addition to the option of licence building the Canadian engines at Kazan’s KMPO factory, two Russian companies are designing alternatives – Klimov in St Petersburg with its VK-800V, and Salyut in Moscow with its TV-500A. Source helitorque.com
*Note could not find any info on Salyut TV-500A
2 x VK-800V
The VK-800 project involves the development of a turboprop model (VK-800S) for multi-purpose aircraft with 1000-1500 kg payload capacity.
- To be installed on Ansat, Mi-54, Ka-126, Ka-226 and other helicopters.
- Certification is expected in 2008
- Power class – 500-800 hp
Principal specifications of VK-800V:
|Emergency performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|power sustained for 2.5 minutes of EP (ISA), hp||1000|
|power sustained for 30 minutes of EP (ISA + 10°С), hp||900|
|Takeoff performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|power (ISA + 20°С), hp||800|
|specific fuel consumption (ISA), g/hp/hr||238|
|Maximum long-term performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|power (ISA+20°С), hp||600|
|specific fuel consumption (ISA), g/hp/hr||260|
|Cruising performance (Н=0, V=0):|
|power (ISA+20°С), hp||450|
|specific fuel consumption (ISA), g/hp/hr||291|
There is a small door with observation window at the rear of the fuselage. It gives acess to avionics compartment. However it seems that in case of emergency this helicopter has a capability to carry one or two passengers during a combat rescue. The Russian Mi-28 attack helicopter also has got this capability.
Door with observation window at the rear of the fuselage
Small door with observation window at the rear of the fuselage, 200-liter fuel tank, & B8V7 seven-barreled 80-mm rocket launcher
|Dimensions and weight|
|Length||~ 13 m|
|Main rotor diameter||~ 11.5 m|
|Height||~ 3 m|
|Weight (empty)||~ 1.9 t|
|Weight (maximum take off)||~ 3.3 t|
|Engines and performance|
|Engines||2 x Pratt & Whitney PW207K turbines|
|Engine power||2 x 630 shp|
|Maximum speed||~ 275 km/h|
|Cruising speed||~ 250 km/h|
|Service ceiling||~ 4.5 km|
|Range||~ 630 km|
|Machine guns||1 x 12.7-mm|
|Missiles||anti-tank and air-to-air missiles|
|Other||unguided rockets, bombs|