Daily Archives: December 7, 2016

Russia’s improved-range thermobaric rocket for TOS-1A system

Russia develops improved-range 220 mm rocket for TOS-1A system

06 December 2016
Key Points
  • The new 220 mm unguided rocket has the same dimensions as the 220 mm MO-1.01.04M rocket but features a more effective thermobaric warhead as well as increased range out to 10,000 m
  • It is assumed that the new generation 220 mm rocket will be backwards compatible with the currently deployed 220 mm (24-round) TOS-1A rocket launcher

Russia’s Splav Scientific Production Concern has confirmed that it has developed a new generation 220 mm unguided rocket for use with the TOS-1A 220 mm (24-round) rocket system currently deployed by the Russian Army.

p1635817Cutaway model of the Splav Scientific Production Concern 220 mm MO-1.01.04M unguided rocket showing the blunt nose with the thermobaric warhead to the immediate rear, which takes up about two-thirds of the rocket, and with the propellant at the very rear. The three rockets above are for use with the widely deployed 122 mm BM-21 (40-round) rocket system. (Christopher F Foss)

In Russian Army service the TOS-1A 220 mm (24-round) rocket system is referred to as the Solntsepek heavy flamethrower system.

The new 220 mm unguided rocket has the same dimensions as the currently deployed 220 mm MO-1.01.04M rocket but features a more effective thermobaric warhead as well as increased range out to 10,000 m. The MO-1.01.04M rocket has a stated maximum range of 6,000 m, which in some tactical situations means that the TOS-1A system can fall within the range of threat weapons, including some of the longer range anti-tank guided weapons. With the new 220 mm rocket, the TOS-1A system will be able to engage targets from a greater distance, which increases its survivability against direct fire threats.

IHS Jane’s understands that the new 220 mm rocket has a new thermobaric (fuel air explosive) warhead mixture and a new type of solid propellant, which has enabled an increase in range without increasing the overall size of the rocket. New thermobaric warheads have also been developed for use with the Splav Scientific Production Concern 300 mm BM 9A52 (12-round) Smerch multiple rocket system. These include the 300 mm 9M55S unguided rocket with a maximum range of 70 km and the latest 9M530 unguided rocket, which has a maximum range of 90 km.

Original post janes.com


MO.101.04, MO.1.01.04M rocket



Caliber, mm 220

guide tubes, pieces

length of the guide tube, mm 3725
Range of fire:
– Minimum
– Maximum 6000
400 – 600
Lesion area open and located in open trenches manpower when firing at maximum range, m2 Prior


TZM-T reloading vehicle technical data tonnel-ufo.ru

BM-30 Smerch MRLS: Details

TOS 1A Thermobaric MLRS: Details

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AW149 Multirole Helicopter

The AW149 is a 7t to 8t class multirole helicopter for military and paramilitary use. The helicopter has a maximum cruise speed of 278km/h (150 knots) and a hover altitude ceiling of over 6,000ft at maximum all up weight. The AW149 can carry up to 18 troops and has a range in excess of 920km. Heavy-duty retractable wheeled landing gear allows the aircraft to both ground taxi and operate from rough terrain.

AgustaWestland announced the launch of the AW149 multirole helicopter in June 2006 at the Farnborough Air Show. The design fits between the 6.4t AW139 and the 10.6t NH90 in the AgustaWestland product range.

agustawestland-aw149-multirole-helicopter_4Image: militaryfactory.com

The AW149 has a five-bladed main rotor of diameter 14m and a four-bladed tail rotor. The rotors are ballistic tolerant. The first flight was completed in November 2009 and the second prototype completed its maiden flight in February 2011. The helicopter made its first public appearance at the Paris Air Show in June 2011. It is expected to achieve type certification by 2014.

Image: airrecognition.com

FARBOROUGH: Leonardo confident on armed AW149 sales: Here


Leonardo believes it is close to securing a launch deal for its AgustaWestland AW149 super-medium-class helicopter, which is displayed at Farnborough for the first time in a new armed configuration.

Royal Thai Army becomes first customer for AW149: Here

aw149-thailand1-2x.jpgMarco Bianchi’s photo –  Image: helihub.com


HeliHub.com can exclusively announce that Leonardo appear to have made their first AW149 sale, with an aircraft for the Royal Thai Army now being test flown.  Seen in Marco Bianchi’s photo here, which he has given us permission to use, the Thai military flash is seen on the tail of this otherwise anonymous aircraft. 

AW149 multirole helicopter missions

In the battlefield support role, the AW149 provides unobstructed cabin space (3m long, 2.26m wide and 1.45m high) plus a baggage compartment, and can accommodate 18 troops or 12 fully equipped soldiers. The 2,720kg rated external cargo hook allows heavy equipment to be transported to and from the battlefield.

AW-149 DSC_5935.JPG

In the combat search and rescue (CSAR) role, the helicopter is crewed by two pilots and two or four crew members. A rescue hoist and other CSAR mission equipment and armaments are fitted.

The helicopter can be equipped for other missions such as medical evacuation and command and control. In the medical evacuation role, the cabin accommodates two to six stretchers, four attendants and in-flight medical equipment. For command and control missions, the AB149 is equipped with a suite of command, control and communications (C3) systems with two workstations.


AW149 Hover-03-2 HiRes FRONT

Outrigger pylons can carry seven, 12 or 19-tube 70mm and 81mm rocket launchers, air-to-air missiles and air-to-ground missiles.

Guided rockets from FZ and Roketsan

FZ275 LGR : Semi-Active Laser (SAL) Guided Rocket

n19_FZ275 LGR - Semi-Active Laser Guided Rocket 70mm - 2.75in

The FZ guided rocket closes the gap between the long-range high-value missiles and the shorter range gun and unguided rockets, thus affording a full range of precision effects from a platform.

This rocket complies with the armies’ requirement for precise and reliable ammunitions capable of reducing exposure to danger and avoiding collateral damage which nowadays causes injuries to civilians.


  • Calibre : 2.75” (70mm)
  • Nominal length : ~1800mm
  • All up round weight : 12.5 kg (before burn)/9.1 kg (after burn)
  • Guidance : SAL (Semi-Active Laser)
  • Steering type : 4 folding canards
  • Laser : compatible with STANAG 3733 or used defined code


  • Range : 1500m up to 6000m
  • CEP


Stationary and moving targets :

  • Soft and light armoured vehicles
  • Air defence facilities
  • Radar sites
  • Communication installations
  • Aircrafts on ground
  • Small ship and patrol boats
  • Soft bunkers
  • snipers


The FZ Guided Rocket FZ275LGR is an easy-to-use, cost-effective, flexible system expanding platforms range of precision effects.

The FZ Guided Rocket provides superior accuracy and lethality, coupled with safety and durability offering state-of-the-art capability with an extremely low Cost/Kill from existing launchers.

The FZ275 LGR provides the end user with substantially decreased cost per kill :

  • significantly less rockets/target
  • minimizes platform time-on-target and rounds/target
  • frees up assets faster for other missions

The FZ275LGR can be also integrated to various platforms (aircraft, helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval platform).

The FZ275LGR can be easily integrated into the logistics and support system

  • Simple field installation
  • Minimal training required


FZ275LGR offers different warheads such as High Explosive warheads.

Source fz.be

FZ laser-guided rocket launcher


The FZ231 rocket launcher system includes a twelve (12) tube rocket composite central section equipped with a Launcher Interface Unit (LIU).

  • Height : 361 mm
  • Width : 324 mm
  • Overall length : 1658 mm
  • Total mass (empty) : 31 kg



The FZ225 rocket launcher system includes a nineteen (19) tube rocket composite central section with equipped with a Launcher Interface Unit (LIU).

  • Outer diameter : 402 mm
  • Overall length : 1668 mm
  • Total mass (empty) : 45 kg
400718bb92f3be6e15e3477aa6d15b30d19b307c95e1bbdb03c00e7b31c7105503819Image: lufa.net.pl

2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT


Properties of the Product

CİRİT, is a missile with the longest range in its class which provides a superior precision against light, armored/unarmored and stationary/mobile targets as well as being a cost effective solution.

Basic Specifications

  • The 2.75″ Missile with the Longest Range
  • Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
  • Multi Purpose (Armor Piercing, Anti Personnel and Incendiary) Warhead
  • Integration to Various Platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)
  • Standard Mode and Smart Mode Pod Integration
  • Not a Guidance Kit, New Generation All-Up Round Missile System
  • Composite Propellent Technology with Reduced Smoke

In the Inventory of Turkish Armed Forces

Product Description

2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT was designed for the purpose of filling the gap between cheap, unguided rockets with low precision and the high cost, guided anti-tank missiles.

CİRİT can be fired from standard CİRİT POD developed by Roketsan and as well as from Smart Pod. Smart Pod increases the capability envelope of CİRİT missile for inventory information exchange through the platform it possess prior to launch.

CİRİT, by means of its aerodynamic shape and composite solid propellant rocket motor, has the longest range in its class, 8 km, as compared to classic 2.75” unguided rockets.

Moreover, CİRİT missile offers options, such as multipurpose warhead (Armor Piercing Anti-personnel and Incendiary) as well as High Explosive warhead.

CİRİT system defined as the official missile system of National Attack Helicopter (T – 129) under development and can be also integrated to various platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform).

Cirit canister
Diameter 2.75″ (70 mm)
Maximum Range 8 km
Minimum Range 1,5 km
Weight 15 kg (Without tube complete)
Propellant Type HTPB Based, Smokeless, Composite Solid Propellant
Warhead Type Multi Purpose Warhead, Armor Piercing, Personnel, Incendiary
Warhead Type High Explosive Warhead
Guidance Mid – Phase Guidance with MEMS – AÖB
Guidance Terminal Guidance with Semi-Active Laser Seeker
Target Types Light Armored / Unarmored Vehicles, Stationary and Moving Targets, Bunkers
Platforms Helicopters (AH – 1W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s,  Land Vehicles, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms

Data roketsan.com.tr

The helicopter can be fitted with a 20mm machine gun pod or a 12.7mm machine gun pod with three tubes for 70mm rockets.

20mm machine gun pod


The M621 is a French 20 mm automatic cannon, designed by GIAT (now Nexter Systems). It is used on armored vehicles, aircrafts, helicopters and small coastal vessels in France, India, Romania and other countries. Its variants include THL 20, chin mounting for helicopters; SH 20, door mounting for helicopters; CP 20, pintle-mounted naval gun, and others. The gun entered service in 1973 and is still in service today.


  • Type: Automatic gun
  • Calibre: 20×102 mm
  • Gun Weight: 100.3 lbs (45.5 kg)
  • Gun Length: 86.9 in (220.7 cm)
  • Bore Length: 57.5 in (146 cm)
  • Capacity: Belt fed, platform dependent capacity (160 for model 15A naval mounting, 300-750 for THL 20)
  • Rate of fire: 750 rpm
  • Muzzle velocity: 980-1030 m/s depending on ammunition type

Source imfdb.org

FN Herstall .50cal gun pod


FN has developed a broad spectrum of machine gun pods designed for rotary-wing and subsonic fixed-wing combat aircraft capable of carrying the FN® M3P .50-caliber machine gun and multiple 2.75″ air-to-ground rockets with the FN® RMP variant. FN Pod Systems provide war fighters with a significant firepower advantage in every operational engagement and are in use by a number of NATO nations on both subsonic fixed and rotary-wing combat aircraft.


  • CALIBER: .50
  • MAG CAPACITY: Customer Specified
  • WEIGHT (EMPTY): 197 lb.
  • WEIGHT (LOADED): 305 lb.
  • HEIGHT: 17.1″
  • LENGTH: 76.4″
  • RATE OF FIRE: 950 – 1,100 RPM

Source fnamerica.com

Dillon DGP2300 minigun

download (1)DGP2300 – Gun Pod Self-Contained M134D Weapon system

Features and Specifications (Preliminary):

  • Caliber: 7.62mm x 51mm NATO w/M13 Links
  • Ammunition Capacity: 3,000 Rounds
  • Rate of Fire: 3,000 Rounds per Minute
  • Fully Self-Contained System: M134D-H Titanium Hybrid Gun Remote Gun Control Unit (RGCU) Optional Battery Trickle Charging Circuit 24 Volt DC Battery 3,000 Round Magazine Integral Bore Sight Adjustment 14” NATO Release Rack Mounting System
  • Weight: 380 lbs (172.4 kg) Estimated Loaded
  • Dimensions: Length: 72.5” (184.2 cm) Diameter: 15.0” (38.1 cm)
  • Recoil Loads: 190 lbs (86.2 kg) Estimated
  • Interface Cabling: Master Arm, Trigger

Source dillonaero.com

The cabin can be fitted with window-mounted 7.62mm general-purpose machine guns. The helicopter is equipped with defensive aids subsystems.

Pintle-mounted 7.62mm machine guns – both Western and Russian models – and a Dillion M134 minigun

7.62mm machine gun


The FN Light Door Pintle Weapon System – or FN® LDP – includes the following:

  • a 7.62x51mm FN MAG® 58M machine gun with spade grips
  • a light pintle head – or FN® LPH – including a soft mount
  • a column located between the pintle head and the connection
  • a light door pintle connection (specific to the carrier)
  • a feeding kit including an ammunition box and a feed chute
  • an ejection kit including a links and cases collector and an ejection chute

Source fnherstal.com

Dillion M134 minigun


The term “Vulcan” was originally the GE Project Name for the first Gatling-type electric-powered minigun and is now a slang term for all of these electric Gatling guns.

The GAU-17/A gun system consist of a six-barrel rotary gun, a gun control assembly with electrical cables, gun drive motor unit, a delinking feeder, flexible ammunition feed chutes and an ammunition storage system. Gun component parts, such as the rotor, housing, feeder/delinker, and barrel clamp/flash suppressor, are available in either steel or lightweight titanium.


Designation Army – M134D
Air Force – GAU-2B/A
Navy – GAU-17/A
Ship Class Used On Many
Date Of Design about 1963
Date In Service 1965
Gun Weight 35 lbs. (16 kg)
Gun Length oa 29.5 in (75 cm) including suppressor
Barrels are 22 in (55.9 cm) long
Bore Length N/A
Rifling Length 20 in (50.8 cm)
Grooves 4
Lands N/A
Twist Uniform RH 1 in 33.333
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 2,000 to 4,000 rounds per minute

Source navweaps.com

Air-to-ground missile



The cockpit accommodates the pilot and co-pilot, is night-vision compatible and is fitted with dual controls. The cockpit has crew doors on both sides.

20131013-rams4664Image: aw149.plb1d1bd3d0e92bed6cc1b962e80ad9fe5cf79de3d5a96d916f122a622bef42dc403814 Image: lufa.net.pl

Avionics suite

  • 4 Axis autopilot
  • Cockpit voice & flight data recorder
  • FLIR
  • NVG compatible lighting
  • Health and Usage Monitoring System
  • Weather radar / Search radar
  • Emergency locator system
  • Moving Map System
  • Fully integrated avionics system, compatible with an MIL-STD-1553B data bus, with four 6” x 8” color active matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCD)
  • Flight Data monitoring (FDM)
  • SATCOM with flight following
  • IFF
  • HF radio
  • Crypto Comms

Source leonardocompany.com

The avionics suite includes a military standard 1553B databus, a four-axis autopilot, and a health and usage monitoring system (HUMS). The instrumentation systems include forward-looking infrared (FLIR) imaging system, night-vision goggle compatible lighting and four 6in×8in colour active matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCD).


  • Air conditioning system
  • Anti / de-icing system
  • Auxiliary Power Unit (APU)
  • Cargo hook kit (2720 kg / 6000 lb)
  • Emergency flotation system
  • External electrical hoist kit (272 kg / 600 lb) with utility hoist light (single & dual winch systems)
  • Wire strike protection
  • Closed circuit refueling system
  • Main cabin bubble window
  • Fast roping kit
  • Integrated particle segmentation system
  • Auxiliary fuel tanks
  • Pressurised refuelling system
  • External life rafts
  • External search light
  • Cabin mission console

Source leonardocompany.com

A weather radar can be installed in the chin pod. The helicopter is also equipped with an emergency locator and a personal locator system.

AW149 cabin

20131013-RAMS4791.jpgImage: aw149.pl


The cabin and the cockpit are air-conditioned. The cabin is 25% larger than that of the AW139 and can accommodate up to 16 troops with light equipment or 12 fully equipped troops. The cabin is fitted with a large sliding door on each side for fast embarking and disembarking. The helicopter can be fitted with a 272kg electric rescue hoist with a utility hoist light on the starboard side for rescue operations.


The main cabin bubble windows give good visibility.

4943b1f7df2325c8cb301116f9a8febd3c273de5258109c68644e7a0c8e93ea907449Main cabin bubble windows –  Image: lufa.net.pl

Systems and equipment

The helicopter is equipped with a cargo hook kit rated at 2,720kg (6,000lb).

The helicopter is fitted with a fast roping kit for fast insertion of troops where it is unsafe or inappropriate for the helicopter to land and take-off.


e-APU60 auxiliary power unit

Agusta Westland, a Finmeccanica company, has selected the e-APU60 of Microturbo (Safran group), a new concept of auxiliary power unit specially designed to meet the requirements of new-generation aircraft which will need more electrical power, to be installed on the AW149, new-generation medium class multi-role helicopter. Source safran-power-units.com

Eric Drouin / SafranImage: lebourget-2015.com

The technologies and architecture retained for this new APU significantly optimize its performance and efficiency. Covering a wide range of power ratings, from 20 to 120 kVA, the e-APU family offers significant benefits, in particular the best power-to-weight ratio and dimensions in its category, reduced fuel consumption and improved endurance and reliability, which also mean a very competitive cost of ownership.

With its versatile gearbox, the e-APU can be adapted to different power configurations and electrical systems.

The gearbox can accommodate a wide range of DC or AC starter generators, particularly 28, 115 and 270 VAC units.

Through customized design, the e-APU gearbox is capable of simultaneously driving any starter generator and alternator combination.

The e-APU has impressively low pollution and noise emission levels, which are below current requirements and anticipate future standards. Source safran-power-units.com


The AW149 helicopter is powered by two General Electric CT7-2E1 turboshaft engines of 1,477kW (1,980hp) each giving the aircraft exceptionally good hot and high performance. The engines are fitted with an air particle separator. A closed circuit refuelling system allows rapid refuelling.

2 x General Electric CT7-2E1 turboshaft engines



In harmony with the AgustaWestland product strategy, GE Aviation is developing the 2,000 SHP class CT7-2E1 commercial turboshaft engine to power the recently-announced commercial AW189 helicopter as well as its military AW149 variant.

The latest version of the highly successful CT7 family is being designed with an emphasis on low-fuel consumption, low cost of operation and with other technical features to ensure the aircraft requirements of long-range, high speed and “Cat. A” performance.

The CT7-2E1 engine leverages the full heritage of the T700/CT7 engine family while incorporating a state-of-the-art Full Authority Digital Control (FADEC) and advanced materials, primarily in the turbine section. Source geaviation.com

Two engines, General Electric GE CT7 – 2 E1 with FADEC
AEO Take off power                                    2 x 1,479 kW           2 x 1,983 shp
OEI 2.5 min contingency power                    1,570 kW                 2,104 shp
One APU (60 kW)

Technical data leonardocompany.com

Safety systems include anti and de-icing systems, an emergency flotation system and wire strike protection.

MTOW 8 tonne class
Two engines, General Electric GE CT7 – 2 E1 with FADEC
AEO Take off power                                    2 x 1,479 kW           2 x 1,983 shp
OEI 2.5 min contingency power                    1,570 kW                 2,104 shp
One APU (60 kW)
Pilots/Troops 1 or 2 + 18 troops
Up to 6 Stretchers
Performance (ISA, S.L., MGW)
VNE (IAS) 313 km/h 169 kt
Cruise Speed 287 km/h 155 kt
Rate of Climb 9.9 m/s 1,960 ft/min
HOGE 2,673 m 8,770 ft
Range* 800 km 430 nm
Endurance* 4 hour
Overall lenght ** 17.60 m 57 ft 09 in
Overall height ** 5.06 m 16 ft 07 in
Cabin Volume 11.2 cu. m 395.5 cu. ft
Baggage Volume 2.4 cu. m 85 cu. ft

* No reserve, with std tanks
** Rotors turning

Data leonardocompany.com

Main material source airforce-technology.com