Daily Archives: December 6, 2016

Carl-Gustaf M4 Multi-Role Weapon System, Sweden

Carl-Gustaf M4 (CGM4) is a man-portable, shoulder-launched weapon system designed and developed by Swedish defence and security firm Saab to meet a wide range of modern combat needs of infantry forces.

The next-generation multi-role weapon system can be deployed in anti-insurgency / peacekeeping missions and traditional force-on-force conflicts in urban or complex combat environmental conditions. It is used to destroy armoured tanks with add-on armour protection, to neutralise landing craft and bunkers and to clear obstacles. It is also used to engage enemies in buildings.

m4 Carl-Gustaf M4 – Image: Saab

The artillery system was launched at the 2014 Association of the US Army (AUSA) annual meeting and exposition held in Washington DC. It is known as M3A1 Multi-Role Anti-Armor Anti-Personnel Weapon System (MAAWS) in the US.

Deliveries are scheduled to commence in 2016.

Orders and deliveries of Carl-Gustaf M4 weapon system

In September 2015, Saab secured a contract from the launch customer, Slovak Republic, to supply Carl-Gustaf M4 system.

Saab Receives First Order for Carl-Gustaf M4


Defence and security company Saab has received the first order for the new Carl-Gustaf M4 system from the armed forces of the Slovak Republic. Deliveries are expected to take place during 2016.

The Carl-Gustaf M4 made its market debut in late 2014. It has all the effectiveness and versatility of the proven Carl-Gustaf system but its improved, lightweight design (weighing only about 7 kg) offers significant mobility improvements to the soldier.

The M4 is also compatible with future battlefield technology developments such as intelligent sighting systems and programmable ammunition. Now Slovakia has become the launch customer for the next-generation M4 system. In addition, the Carl-Gustaf M4 system have been acquired by two other undisclosed countries for evaluation / qualification purposes.

“This is a great milestone for Saab and the Carl-Gustaf system. I am very proud to announce that Slovakia is the first country to implement the Carl-Gustaf M4 in its armed forces. For Saab and for business area Dynamics this is further proof of our ability to offer world-leading solutions to our customers,” says Görgen Johansson, head of Saab business area Dynamics.

“Slovakia now has a system that will further increase its defence capabilities. Since the launch of the system we have seen a tremendous interest in the market and we look forward to taking further orders from more countries,” says Magnus Lewis-Olsson, head of Saab Market Area Europe, Middle East and Africa.

Saab’s Carl-Gustaf system has a long and distinguished service history all around the world. It has been successively modernised and enhanced to meet the changing requirements of its users.

The Carl-Gustaf M4 is the latest version of the portable, shoulder-launched, multi-role weapon system. It gives users a wide range of engagement options and allows troops to remain agile and effective in any scenario. It builds on the system’s formidable capabilities, offering a higher degree of accuracy, lighter construction and compatibility with future innovations. Source defencetalk.com


Saab signed a contract with the US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) to deliver ammunition for MAAWS, in October 2015.

In January 2016, Saab secured a contract worth approximately $164m (Skr1.4bn) to supply ammunition for the Carl-Gustaf weapon system. Deliveries are expected to take place between 2016 and 2019.

Carl-Gustaf M4 weapon system development

84dd261eb0506a45_org.pngImage: Saab

The Carl-Gustaf M4 weapon system is an advanced derivative of Carl-Gustaf M3 multipurpose, shoulder-fired recoilless weapon.

Saab a conducted live fire demonstration of the Carl-Gustaf M4 artillery system at its Bofors Test Center in Karlskoga, Sweden, in September 2014. The system performed a comprehensive series of successful firings against fixed and moving targets during the ground combat systems demonstration.

Customers are offered sub-calibre trainers and full-calibre practice rounds, as well as simulators, to meet their training needs.

Design and features of the multi-role weapon system

precisioncg4-560x315Image: Saab

The CGM4 features lightweight, flexible design incorporating titanium-made components and improved carbon fibre wrapping. The recoilless rifle offers enhanced agility and tactical flexibility allowing military forces to engage multiple tactical targets.

It has a length of less than 1,000mm and weighs less than 7kg, making it easy to carry. A crew of two, including a gunner and a loader, can operate the system.


Compared to the M3 MAAWS, the M4 is 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) lighter weighing 6.6 kg (15 lb) and shorter with a 950 mm (37 in) overall length. The shorter length was in response to the need to wield the weapon in urban terrain, and weight savings were achieved through using lighter components whenever possible including a carbon fiber tube with titanium liner, as well as a new venturi design. Other new features include a red-dot sight, a travel safety catch to allow the M4 to be carried while loaded, an adjustable shoulder rest and forward grip for improved ergonomics, a shot counter to keep track of how many rounds have been fired to manage the weapon’s 1,000-round barrel life, picatinny rails for grips and sight mounts, and a remote round management function so intelligent sights can “talk” to programmable rounds. Source wikiwand.com

Carl-Gustaf M4 – Key Facts
(+ comparison with previous models)

cgm4_4_2340Image: Saab

M2: Weight: 14.2kg, Length: 1130mm
M3: Weight: 10kg, Length: 1065mm
M4: Weight: <7kg, Length: <1000mm

LIGHTER: Builds upon the success of its predecessor by offering an even shorter length and a weight of less than 7 kilos.

INTELLIGENT SIGHT: Compatible with intelligent sight systems, ensuring maximum effect in any tactical situation.

IMPROVED ERGONOMICS: Overall improved ergonomics enables soldiers to adjust the weapon to suit them. Includes an adjustable shoulder rest and front grip.

REDUCED ACTION TIME: Can be carried safely loaded to enable the user to act faster.

ROUND COUNTER: Integrated shot counter for improved logistics and maintenance.

FLEXIBLE: A wide range of ammunition types and sight options ensures unique flexibility for the multi-role Carl-Gustaf M4 user. Source saab.com

The weapon system features improved ergonomics and is equipped with an adjustable shoulder rest and front grip. It is also fitted with an integrated shot counter for enhanced logistics and maintenance, and is provided with dual mode safety features.

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Sighting systems

The Carl-Gustaf M4 artillery system is attached with standard clip-on telescopic sight on a picatinny rail, allowing the users to install thermal sights or image intensifiers for night-time combat.


Additional sighting systems, including open sight, red dot and intelligent sights, can be optionally mounted based on specific needs of the customer.


tumblr_nck43kna8m1s8ht07o7_r1_1280Image: Saab

The Carl-Gustaf M4 is flexible with a wide range of existing and future ammunition types, including anti-armour, anti-structure, multi-role, anti-personnel, and support rounds such as smoke and illumination. It is also compatible with programmable ammunition to provide dismounted soldiers with advanced capability.

ammunitionImage: Saab

Saab shows new 84 mm ‘smart munition’ for Carl Gustaf M4


Key Points

  • New programmable round will be available from 2018
  • The munition will be backward compatible with earlier M1, M2, and M3 launchers

Seeking to exploit the advances offered by its latest Carl Gustaf M4 shoulder-launched multi-role weapon system, Saab Dynamics Ground Combat Systems now has in advanced development the first programmable 84 mm round in a prospective inventory of future intelligent munitions.


First unveiled by Saab Dynamics at its facility in Karlskoga, Sweden, in September 2014, the M4 is a new light-weight ‘intelligent’ launcher variant of the Carl Gustaf-series re-useable recoilless rifle that provides for an interface with an ‘intelligent’ sight or fire control system (FCS). An essential discriminator over legacy systems in terms of improved precision and kill probability, the FCS delivers instant analysis of ballistic data – using a baseline minimum of an integrated laser rangefinder and ballistics calculator, with additional enabling options for the input of compensatory factors such as propellant temperature and air temperature – enabling the M4 gunner to communicate with programmable 84 mm smart munitions via the sight to precisely deliver the desired effects to target.

Intended initially for the M4, but available also for the AT4 Confined Space (CS) series of 84 mm disposable launchers, the new Carl Gustaf round has not been allocated a market classification, but is designated internally by Saab as the High Explosive Modular Grenade (HEMG), where ‘modular’ indicates its prospective use with both weapon systems.


Optimised primarily as an anti-personnel munition, the new high-explosive round will enable the M4 to engage targets in airburst mode at ranges out to 1,500 m. However, Anders Haster, the director of business management of ground combat systems told IHS Jane’s that the munition round will also have utility against vehicles and bunkers, with engagement options not only in airburst mode but also in a direct attack mode. Source janes.com


Carl-Gustaf weapon system

Carl-Gustaf weapon systems are in service with more than 40 countries. The launch variant Carl-Gustaf M1 entered service in 1948, whereas the second variant Carl-Gustaf M2 became operational in 1964.

Carl-Gustaf M2


The original version of the Carl Gustav launcher was the M1. The most common version is the improved M2 that was introduced in 1964. The M2 is the most common and remains in production today. The M2-550 features a large sight unit that replaces the original optics. The sight unit consists of a laser range finder and lead computing sight. Additionally the rocket assisted HEAT 551 round was introduced at the same time, which can also be fired from the original M2. This sight and ammunition combination makes the M2-550 more effective against moving targets at longer ranges, but also increases the weight of the system significantly. The M2-550 is no longer marketed as a separate model. The sight remains available for the M2.

Type Recoilless rifle
Crew 1 or 2
Caliber 84 mm
Length 1.065 mm
Width ?
Height ?
Weight 14.2 kg empty
Sights Optical, 3x scope
Ammunition Various warheads
Guidance None, free flight
Velocity 210 – 255 m/s at muzzle
Penetration Depends on warhead, up to 425mm RHA behind ERA available
Remarks Reusable launcher

Source weaponsystems.net


Carl-Gustaf M3


The M3 is a lightweight model of the M2. The barrel is made of carbon fibre and epoxy with a steel rifled liner. A carrying handle assists in rapid displacement. The M3 functions in a similar way as the M2 and the combat effectiveness is similar.

Type Recoilless rifle
Crew 1 or 2
Caliber 84 mm
Length 1.13 mm
Width ?
Height ?
Weight 10 kg empty
Sights Optical, 3x scope
Ammunition Various warheads
Guidance None, free flight
Velocity 210 – 255 m/s at muzzle
Penetration Depends on warhead, up to 425mm RHA behind ERA available
Remarks Reusable launcher

Source weaponsystems.net


Also referred to as MAAWS in the US, the third variant Carl-Gustaf M3 has been in service with the US Army Rangers and US Special Operations Force since 1991. The 1.065m-long, 10kg system features airburst capability and is compatible with various types of ammunition.


Caliber 84-mm
Cartridge 84×246 mm R
Cartridge weight 3.1 – 4 kg
Weight (empty) less than 7 kg
Length less than 1 000 mm
Muzzle velocity 230 – 255 m/s
Rate of fire up to 6 rpm
Sighting range ?
Range of effective fire (against tanks) up to 400 m
Range of effective fire (against buildings and stationary targets) 700 – 1 000 m
Armor penetration 400 – 500 mm

Tehnical data Carl-Gustaf M4 military-today.com

Main material source army-technology.com


Indian Army is set to receive M777 ultra-lightweight Howitzers by June

Army to receive first Howitzer by June

New Delhi, December 6, 2016, DHNS:

After a wait of three decades, the Indian Army is set to receive its first Howitzer by June 2017, thanks to a $737-million deal with the US. The government-to-government contract between Washington and New Delhi will facilitate the sale of BAE Systems’ M777 ultra-lightweight Howitzers to the army, which didn’t have any artillery since the purchase of the Bofors guns.

A week before US Secretary of Defence Ashton Carter’s India visit on December 8, the Defence Ministry had signed the Letter of Acceptance to purchase 145 M777 guns through the foreign military sales route. The countdown to the delivery has already begun as BAE Systems is to supply the first one within six months, sources said.

The entire consignment is to be delivered over a period of about 54 months. While the first 25 guns are to be imported in two years, the rest would be assembled at a factory at Faridabad, which Mahindra set up in partnership with BAE Systems.

At half the weight of other 155mm-towed Howitzers, the M777 provides a rapid reaction capability, and is the only battle-proven 155mm ultra-lightweight Howitzer in the world.

For the Indian Army, the guns would be useful while serving on mountainous terrain. Also, since they can be carried by Chinook helicopters, which also India is buying from the US, they can be quickly moved to areas close to the border. Almost a decade ago, the army had proposed purchasing the 155 mm/39 calibre lightweight Howitzers. But even after the ministry approved the M777 purchase and the gun performed well in the trials, the deal was stuck due to price negotiation.

Original post deccanherald.com


Related post:

Govt clears deal to buy 145 artillery guns from BAE Systems – India

M777 155mm Ultralightweight Field Howitzer: Details

Czech Gripen to get upgrades

Czech Republic Modernizes Its Gripen Fighters


Czech Republic has decided to modernize the Gripen multi-role fighters, utilized by the Czech Air Force. The FMV agency is responsible for implementation of the relevant work.

According to the version 20 project – which is the scope of modernization selected by Prague – the whole procedure is expected to be carried out before 2018. The Swedes have informed that the mutual relationship with the user made it possible to select modernization package which, even though it is not fully compatible with the variants selected by the Swedish Forces, it still is completely compliant with the requirements and expectations of the Czech Air Force. We know that the Czech Gripens are to be capable of acting against ground targets, with the use of the AGM-65 Maverick missiles, Paveway bombs and GBU-39 Small Diameter Bombs.

The scope of and the character of the relationship between the manufacturer of the jets and the user, is placed at the hands of FMV which has been tasked with the modernization process. The agency is also expected to solve the problems that could potentially emerge along the way. Finally, the said entity is going to plan the prospective scope of operational support, required by the Gripen jets.

Taking over the Swedish responsibility and technical supervision, maintenance and modernization schemes pertaining to the Gripen jet is related, above all, to the certainty of high quality and good management of this programme. Moreover, the Czech Air Force also operates the Gripen in line with the requirements developed and followed by the Swedes. This facilitates the process, and enables the Parties to easily solve any problems that may emerge along the way.

SAAB MS20 project makes it possible to enhance the combat capabilities of the C/D airframes, in case of the users who, for a variety of reasons, are forced to resign from acquiring the E/F jets, or, as it happened in Sweden, need a transitional solution, before the E variant is received. The package includes:

– Integration of the MBDA Meteor missiles and Boeing GBU-39 SDB bomb units;

– Provision of Link 16 communications capability;

– Modernization of the electronic countermeasures;

– Installation of a new RWR and countermeasure system (flares dispenser);

– Making the scope of human-machine integration deeper.

Moreover, optionally the aircraft may be tailored to carry the AIM-9X and AIM-120C7 AMRAAM missiles, the radar range and capabilities may be enhanced (PS-05/A Mk 4 radar may be applied). Further options include expanded capacity remaining at hand of the pilot, when it comes to the target detection and indication systems.

Original post defence24.com

Main image: Airheadsfly.com


Related post:

American Gripen: The Solution To The F-35 Nightmare

Four-way dogfight for Indonesia F-5 replacement

The World’s Best Aircraft-Killer Missile is Now in Service (And Its Not American)

Swedish Gripens get new upgrades

Saab Gripen291211_Swedish_Saab_Gripen

Croatia receives final OH-58D Kiowa helicopters

05 December 2016

Croatia received 11 more Bell OH-58D Kiowa Warrior armed reconnaissance helicopters on 3 December, completing the donation of 16 of the helicopters from the United States.

The helicopters were delivered by a US Air Force C-5 Super Galaxy to the 93rd Air Base of the Croatian Armed Forces in Zemunik, near Zadar.

All 16 helicopters delivered to Croatia were manufactured between 2010 and 2012 as part of the United States’ Wartime Replacement Aircraft Program to replace helicopters lost in action in Iraq/Afghanistan. Having seen operation use between 2012 and 2015 the helicopters were listed through the US Excess Defence Articles (EDA) programme after the type was retired from the US Army in April. Croatia was the first nation to enter talks into receiving Kiowas and the first to select individual aircraft.

The overall cost of the acquisition is USD34.8 million, USD20.1 million of which is covered by a US donation and the remainder spread across the Croatian defence budgets from 2016 to 2020. The first five helicopters were delivered on 30 July.

Original post janes.com


Related post:

First ex-US Army OH-58Ds delivered to Croatia

Kiowa Warrior helicopter sale to Tunisia approved

US Army is looking for a light reconnaissance helicopter to fill the vacant role made by the retirement of Bell’s OH-58D Kiowa Warrior

Bell OH-58D Kiowaoh-58-kiowa-3504x2336-helicopter-us-army-u-s-air-force-6908