Sovremenny Class (Type 956), Russia

The Sovremenny Class destroyer has a maximum displacement of 8,480t and is similar in size to the USA Navy’s Aegis-equipped missile cruisers. It is armed with an anti-submarine helicopter, 48 air defence missiles, eight anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, mines, long-range guns and a comprehensive electronic warfare system.

The first-of-class Sovremenny was commissioned in 1985. A total of 18 have been built for the Russian Navy. Five remain in service. All ships were built at the Northern Yard, Severnaya Verf, in Saint Petersburg.

osmotritelniy_new_model956Project 956 

The Project 956 is the original and most produced version of the Sovremenny class, all of which were built and used by the Soviet navy. The last five ships were built to the Project 956A standard of which two were sold to China before entering Soviet service. The Project 956A has longer range 3M82 Moskit missiles in longer launch tubes. The two Uragan (SA-N-7) systems are replaced by the product improved Yezh (SA-N-12) systems. Additionally the electronics feature several upgrades. Source weaponsystems.net

Project 956 – 17+4 units

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Shipyard named after A.A. Zhdanov, Leningrad (Sankt-Peterburg) (from 2.02.1989 “Severnaya verf`”) – 17+3 units
Sovremennyy
№861
3.03.1976
18.11.1978
25.12.1980
 
Otchayannyy
№862
4.03.1977
29.03.1980
30.09.1982
 
Otlichnyy
№863
22.04.1978
21.03.1981
30.09.1983
 
Osmotritelnyy
№864
27.10.1978
24.04.1982
30.09.1984
 
Bezuprechnyy
№865
29.01.1981
25.07.1983
6.11.1985
 
Boevoy
№866
26.03.1982
4.08.1984
28.09.1986
 
Stoykiy
№867
28.09.1982
27.07.1985
31.12.1986
 
Okrylyonnyy
№868
16.04.1983
31.05.1986
30.12.1987
 
Burnyy
№869
4.11.1983
30.12.1986
30.09.1988
 
Veduschiy
№870
23.11.1984
30.05.1987
30.12.1988
from 18.08.1988 – Gremyaschiy
Bystryy
№871
29.10.1985
28.11.1987
30.09.1989
 
Rastoropnyy
№872
15.08.1986
4.06.1988
30.12.1989
 
Bezboyaznennyy
№873
8.01.1987
18.02.1989
28.12.1990
 
Bezuderzhnyy
№874
24.02.1987
30.09.1989
25.06.1991
from 9.12.2007 – Gremyaschiy
Bespokoynyy
№875
18.04.1987
9.06.1990
28.12.1991
 
Moskovskiy Komsomolets
№876
7.04.1988
19.01.1991
30.12.1992
from 15.02.1992 – Nastoychivyy
Besstrashnyy
№877
6.05.1988
28.12.1991
30.12.1993
from 29.06.2004 – Admiral Ushakov
Buynyy
№880
1991
scrap in 1995
Vechnyy
№881
1992
scrap in 1995
№882?
scrap in 1995
Shipyard named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev – 0+1 unit
Vnushitelnyy
№2211
30.08.1983
17.10.1987
not completed

Project 956E – Shipyard named after A.A. Zhdanov, Leningrad (Sankt-Peterburg) (from 2.02.1989 “Severnaya verf`”) – 2 units

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Vazhnyy
№878
4.11.1988
27.05.1994
25.12.1999
Laid down by Project 956. From 27.04.1996 – Ekaterinburg, from 17.09.1998 – Vazhnyy
Vdumchivyy
№879
22.04.1989
16.04.1999
25.11.2000
Laid down by Project 956. From 11.10.1995 – Alexandr Nevskiy, then – Vdumchivyy

Project 956EM – “Severnaya verf`”, Sankt-Peterburg – 2 units

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Vnushitelnyy
№891
3.07.2002
27.04.2004
28.12.2005
 
Vechnyy
№892
15.11.2002
23.07.2004
28.09.2006
 

Source russianships.info

30.si.jpgBystryy 715 – Image @rt.com

Specifications

Project 956

Type Destroyer
Crew 296 incl 25 officers, plus 60 spare bunks
Displacement 6.500 t standard, 7.940 t full load
Length 156 m
Width 17.3 m
Draught 6.5 m
Height ?
Machinery 4x KVN boilers, 2 GTZA-674 turbines, 99.500 hp
Propulsion 2 shafts, fixed pitch propellers
Speed 32 kt
Range 2.400 nm at 32 kt, 6.500 nm at 20 kt, 4.000 nm at 14 kt
Sensors Air search: MR-750 Fregat (Top Plate)

Surface search: 3x MR-212 (Palm Frond)

Sonar: MGK-355 Platina (Bull Horn)

FCS: 6x Front Dome for SA-N-7

FCS: 1x MR-184 (Kite Screech) for AK-130

FCS: 2x Bass Tilt for AK-630

Systems IFF: Salt Pot A/B

IFF: High Pole A/B

Tacan: 2x Light Bulb

Data: Sapfir-U

Countermeasures 2x PK-2 chaff

8x PK-10 chaff

Aircraft 1x Ka-27
Cargo
Remarks
Weapons SSM: 8x 3M80 Zubr (SS-N-22)

GUN: 2x 130mm AK-130 twin

SAM: 2x Uragan (SA-N-7) system

AA: 4x AK-630

ASW: 2x RBU-1000

TORP: 2×2 533mm

Weapon1 3M80 Zubr (SS-N-22) anti-ship missile in two quad launchers alongside bridge

8 missiles, all ready to fire

Weapon2 2x twin 130mm AK-130 on forward and aft deck
Weapon3 2x Uragan (SA-N-7) SAM system on forward and aft deck 44 missiles, 2 ready to fire
Weapon4 4x AK-630 CIWS system

Two at bridge, two on hanger deck

Weapon5 2x RBU-1000 ASW rockets next to hanger deck

120 rockets, 12 ready to fire

Weapon6 2x RBU-1000 ASW rockets next to hanger deck

120 rockets, 12 ready to fire

pr.956Project 956 – Image @ww2.dk

Project 956A

Type Destroyer
Crew 296 incl 25 officers, plus 60 spare bunks
Displacement 6.500 t standard, 7.940 t full load
Length 156 m
Width 17.3 m
Draught 6.5 m
Height ?
Machinery 4x KVN boilers, 2 GTZA-674 turbines, 99.500 hp
Propulsion 2 shafts, fixed pitch propellers
Speed 32 kt
Range 2.400 nm at 32 kt, 6.500 nm at 20 kt, 4.000 nm at 14 kt
Sensors Air search: MR-750 Fregat (Top Plate)

Surface search: 3x MR-212 (Palm Frond)

Sonar: MGK-355 Platina (Bull Horn)

FCS: 6x Front Dome for SA-N-7

FCS: 1x MR-184 (Kite Screech) for AK-130

FCS: 2x Bass Tilt for AK-630

Systems IFF: Salt Pot A/B

IFF: High Pole A/B

Tacan: 2x Light Bulb

Data: Sapfir-U

Countermeasures 2x PK-2 chaff

8x PK-10 chaff

Aircraft 1x Ka-27
Cargo
Remarks
Weapons SSM: 8x 3M82 Moskit (SS-N-22)

GUN: 2x 130mm AK-130 twin

SAM: 2x Yezh (SA-N-12) system

AA: 4x AK-630

ASW: 2x RBU-1000

TORP: 2×2 533mm

Weapon1 3M82 Moskit (SS-N-22) anti-ship missile in two quad launchers alongside bridge

8 missiles, all ready to fire

Weapon2 2x twin 130mm AK-130 on forward and aft deck
Weapon3 2x Yezh (SA-N-12) SAM system on forward and aft deck 44 missiles, 2 ready to fire
Weapon4 4x AK-630 CIWS system

Two at bridge, two on hanger deck

Weapon5 2x RBU-1000 ASW rockets next to hanger deck

120 rockets, 12 ready to fire

Weapon6 2x RBU-1000 ASW rockets next to hanger deck

120 rockets, 12 ready to fire

pr.956-variant2Project 956A – Image @ww2.dk

Source weaponsystems.net

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has two modified Sovremenny destroyers, delivered in December 1999 and November 2000. In 2002, PLAN ordered two more. The first of these was launched in April 2004 and delivered in December 2005. The second vessel was launched in July 2004 and delivered in September 2006.

Project 956EM Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN)

sh_des_sovremenny_v2Taizhou 138 Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN)

The Project 956EM are the latest Sovremenny class destroyers These modernized and modified export models were built for China. They are fitted with the extended range 3M80MBE missiles and feature an extended flight deck, resulting in the removal of the aft AK-130. The AK-630 CIWS are replaced by the more capable Kashtan CIWS which also has SA-N-11 missiles next to its two 30mm autocannon. Certain elements of the sensor and data systems feature Chinese components. Source weaponsystems.net

Project 956EM

pr.956EM.jpgProject 956EM – Image @ww2.dk

China: 4 units

Vazhnyy – A.A. Zhdanov – serial no. 878 – laid down 4.11.88 – launched 27.5.94 – completed 25.12.99; originally planned for the 175th Missile Ship Brigade in the Pacific Fleet; 8.97 sold to China; 15.10.97 renamed Ekaterinburg; 19.7.99 sailed from St. Petersburg to Baltiysk; 27.8.99 testing begun; 25.10.99 the Russian flag was lowered, and the destroyer was renamed Hangzhou; 10.1.2000 left the Baltics for China

Vdumchivyy – A.A. Zhdanov – serial no. 879 – laid down 22.4.89 – launched 16.4.99 – completed 25.11.00; 30.8.95 renamed Aleksandr Nevskiy; tests began 7.2000 under the 13th Brigade of Constructed and Overhauled Ships; originally intended for the Northern Fleet; 8.97 sold to China, and renamed Fuzhou

Vnushitelnyy – A.A. Zhdanov – serial no. 891 – laid down 3.7.02 – launched 27.4.04 – completed 28.12.05; Project 956EM; serves in the Baltic Fleet

Vechnyy – A.A. Zhdanov – serial no. 892 – laid down 15.11.02 – launched 23.7.04 – completed 28.9.06; Project 956EM; serves in the Baltic Fleet

Source ww2.dk

Type Destroyer
Crew 296 incl 25 officers, plus 60 spare bunks
Displacement 6.500 t standard, 7.940 t full load
Length 156 m
Width 17.3 m
Draught 6.5 m
Height ?
Machinery 4x KVN boilers, 2 GTZA-674 turbines, 99.500 hp
Propulsion 2 shafts, fixed pitch propellers
Speed 32 kt
Range 2.400 nm at 32 kt, 4.000 nm at 14 kt
Sensors Air search: MR-750 Fregat (Top Plate)

Surface search: 3x MR-212 (Palm Frond)

Sonar: MGK-355 Platina (Bull Horn)

FCS: 6x Front Dome for SA-N-7

FCS: 1x MR-184 (Kite Screech) for AK-130

FCS: 2x Bass Tilt for AK-630

Systems IFF: Salt Pot A/B

IFF: High Pole A/B

Tacan: 2x Light Bulb

Data: Sapfir-U

Countermeasures 2x PK-2 chaff

8x PK-10 chaff

Aircraft 1x Z-9C or Ka-28
Cargo
Remarks
Weapons SSM: 8x 3M80MBE Zubr (SS-N-22)

GUN: 1x 130mm AK-130 twin

SAM: 2x Uragan (SA-N-7) system

AA: 4x Kashtan

ASW: 2x RBU-1000

TORP: 2×2 533mm

Weapon1 3M80MBE Moskit (SS-N-22) anti-ship missile in two quad launchers alongside bridge

8 missiles, all ready to fire

Weapon2 Single twin 130mm AK-130 on forward deck
Weapon3 2x Uragan (SA-N-7) SAM system on forward and aft deck 44 missiles, 2 ready to fire
Weapon4 4x Kashtan CIWS system with SA-N-11 missiles

Two at bridge, two on hanger deck

Weapon5 2x RBU-1000 ASW rockets next to hanger deck

120 rockets, 12 ready to fire

Weapon6 2x RBU-1000 ASW rockets next to hanger deck

120 rockets, 12 ready to fire

Source weaponsystems.net

Decommissioned

1987 – Vnushitelnyy (№2211) (as floating base on shipyard, scrap in 1996)

1998 – Okrylyonnyy (30.09), Otlichnyy (30.09), Osmotritelnyy (30.09), Otchayannyy (30.09), Sovremennyy (30.09), Stoykiy (30.09)

2001 – Bezuprechnyy (20.07)

2006 – Gremyaschiy (18.12)

2010 – Boevoy (1.12)

2012 – Rastoropnyy (8.08), Bezuderzhnyy (december)

Source russianships.info

PLAN Upgrading its Project 956E Destroyers with VLS & YJ-12A Anti-Ship Missiles: Here

According to Navy Recognition sources, the upgrade program for all four ships of the class should see:
– All original electronic systems and sensors replaced by modern Chinese ones.
– The two 3S90 (Uragan) unitary launchers for 9M38 surface to air missiles are getting replaced by a couple of Vertical Launch Systems (2×4 or possibly 2×8 cells) forward and aft. The missiles will likely be the HQ-16C, the latest variant of the HQ-16 naval SAM missile.
– The two KT-190 quadruple launchers for 3M80E (P-270 Moskit or NATO designation SS-N-22 Sunburn) are likely being replaced by YJ-12A missiles.

The YJ-12A is a next generation Chinese supersonic anti-ship missile. It was unveiled for the first time last year during the victory day parade.

Last but not least, the Project 956E should retain their AK-130 main guns forward and aft.

Recent images from China are showing two People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Project 956E Sovremennyy destroyers undergoing major refit and upgrade. It appears that the PLAN is upgrading its class of four destroyers (two 956E followed by two improved 956EM) acquired from Russia with domestic systems.Blue print of Sovremennyy showing space availability below the original SAM launchers for installation of vertical launch systems.

HQ-16C missiles

15762794302_202cc9ee8c_b

The HongQi-16 (HQ-16) is a third generation Chinese land-based mid-range surface-to-air missile defense system. It is similar to Russia’s SA-11 Gadfly or SA-17 Grizzly, and seems to be an evolved, Chinese version of those system.  Not much else is known about this new system, but there are reports stating that it can intercept very low-flying targets at maximum distance of 40km.  The HQ-16 is said to be more accurate than previous mid-range defense systems and fills in the performance gaps of the HQ-7 and HQ-9.

Chinese news websites report that the HQ-16’s performance data is roughly:

  • Effective range of 1.5-30 km
  • Effective Altitude of 10-6000 meters
  • Single hit probability of 0.7-0.98
  • Reaction time 5-8 seconds
  • 9 m long missile
  • Projectile diameter 0.232 m
  • Weighs 165 kg
  • Warhead weight of 17 kg
  • Maximum flight speed of Mach 2.8.

Data missilethreat.com

YJ-12 supersonic missile

cwflsixwcaantlp

The highlight of the “YJ-12” is not its range but speed. It can reach “Double Three” or “Double Four”, namely a range of 300 kilometers at Mach 3 (1.02 kilometers per second) or a range of 400 kilometers at Mach 4 (1.36 kilometers per second). When the missile is launched at low altitude at the terminal attack stage and carries out hide-and-defense penetration at high speed, the enemy can barely response within a period of time.

1

In addition, the missile can carry a warhead of 400-500 kilograms. It will give a heavy strike to large surface vessels. And an operational range between 300-400 kilometers has reached the maximum air-defense range of the surface vessels. The formidable anti-ship ability of the “YJ-12” is the major concern of the United States.

Missile Data missilethreat.com

‘World’s best’ anti-ship missile a showstopper: Here

Ningbo 139 Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN)

COMMAND AND CONTROL

The ship’s combat systems can use target designation data from the ship’s active and passive sensors, from other ships in the fleet, from surveillance aircraft or via a communications link from the ship’s helicopter. The multi-channel defence suite is capable of engaging several targets simultaneously.

SIGMA-E Combat Management System

Sigma-E-1

SIGMA-E Combat Management System (SIGMA-E system) is designated for ship and tactical formation combat management based on the integration of radio-electronic systems into a solid system and automation of decision-making on combat employment of forces and weaponry.

Ship combat management subsystem provides automation of the following processes:

  • tactical situation data processing and generation for ships;
  • ship control;
  • ship air defence control;
  • ship underwater warfare control;
  • ship anti-surface warfare control;
  • anti-submarine helicopters (Ka-28 type) control;
  • radar surveillance helicopters (Ka-31 type) control;
  • training and instruction;
  • ship mine countermeasure weaponry control;
  • data exchange via radio communication equipment.

Sigma-E-2

Ship tactical formation combat management subsystem provides automation of the following processes:

  • data collection and processing for the purpose of common information space and database generation, as well as provision of information and telecommunication services within a tactical formation;
  • tactical formation control;
  • tactical formation anti-aircraft warfare control;
  • anti-submarine warfare control by means of a tactical formation;
  • anti-surface warfare control by means of a tactical formation;
  • attached fighter aircraft control;
  • attached assault aircraft control;
  • training and instruction;
  • mine countermeasure control of a minesweeper group.

Mutual data exchange and orientation subsystem ensures:

  • data exchange via a jam-resistant, covert Х-band radio channel at a speed of 0.95 Mbit/s;
  • mutual orientation via an X-band radio channel between tactical formation ships;
  • provision of protected telephone network of a tactical formation.

Sigma-E-03-eng.jpg

Technical solutions and technologies used:

  • Intel-compatible computing facilities;
  • distributed computing system;
  • LANs with Ethernet 10/100/1000, RS-485 international interfaces;
  • interchangeable stationary and portable control consoles;
  • integration with shipborne radio-electronic equipment via international (Ethernet, MILSTD-1553B, RS-232, RS-422, RS-485) and ad hoc interfaces;
  • data imaging on the group display board via any AWS;
  • display of tactical situation data in different combinations of four data types (radar, video, cartographic and database data on targets);
  • security system against unauthorized and incorrect user’s actions;
  • software development in compliance with international standard requirements;
  • diagnostic system and system state control console;
  • documentation means ensuring record of each I/O signal/package/ database form onto HDD’s featuring time registration with accuracy of up to 1 ms;
  • transfer of registered data to an external medium, as well as their real-time, fast-time and slow-motion playback.

Source agat.ru

MISSILES

The ship is equipped with the Raduga Moskit anti-ship missile system with two four-cell launchers installed port and starboard of the forward island and set at an angle about 15°. The ship carries a total of eight Moskit 3M80E missiles, NATO designation SS-N-22 Sunburn. The missile is a sea-skimming missile with velocity Mach 2.5 and armed with a 300kg high-explosive warhead or a nuclear 200kt warhead. The range is from 10km to 120km. The launch weight is 4,000kg.

Raduga Moskit anti-ship missile system 3M80 Zubr (SS-N-22)

P-270_moskit_sketch.svg

The P-270 Moskit (Russian: П-270 «Москит»; English: Mosquito) is a Russian supersonic ramjet powered Anti-Ship missile. Its GRAU designation is 3M80, air launched Kh-41 and its NATO reporting name is SS-N-22 Sunburn. The missile system was designed by the Raduga Design Bureau during the 1970s as a follow up to the “SS-N-9 Siren”. The Moskit was originally designed to be ship-launched, but variants have been adapted to be launched from land (modified trucks), underwater (submarines) and air (reportedly the Sukhoi Su-33, a naval variant of the Sukhoi Su-27), as well as on the Lun-class ekranoplan. The missile can carry conventional and nuclear warheads. The exact classification of the missile is unknown, with varying types reported. This uncertainty is due to the secrecy surrounding an active military weapon. The Moskit is one of the missiles known by the NATO codename SS-N-22 Sunburn.

The missile has been purchased and exported to the People’s Liberation Army Navy (China) and Indian Navy (India).

Variants

  • P-80 Zubr shorter dimensions and range.
  • P-270 Moskit ‘ Sunburn ‘ longer range and dimensions, maybe faster.
  • Kh-41 air launched AGM ASM.
  • 3M-80MVE Coastal Anti-Ship, GLCM, LACM variants, SSC-7/12 .
002.jpg66b5c8b7-ecdb-4220-9e1b-00ad0418304dOriginal615d08091d47c1248aba77708aaf9212nastojtschiwij_04Nastoychivyy portside SS-N-22 Sunburn launcher – Image @sciencetronics.com

Specifications

  • Launch range:
    • min: 10–12 km (6.2–7.5 mi; 5.4–6.5 nmi)
    • Maximum firing range:

3M80 – 90–120 km (56–75 mi; 49–65 nmi) (surface ship); 250 km (160 mi; 130 nmi) (aircraft)

3M80E – 120 km (75 mi; 65 nmi) (surface ship)

3M80MVE – 140 km (87 mi; 76 nmi) (surface ship, low-altitude trajectory); 240 km (150 mi; 130 nmi) (surface ship, combined trajectory)

  • Missile flight speed: 2,800 km/h (1,700 mph; Mach 2.3)
  • Missile cruising altitude: 10 – 20 m (low-altitude trajectory), under 7 m for the attack at the target.
  • Launch sector relative to ship’s lateral plane, ang.deg: ±60
  • Launch readiness time:
    • From missile power-on till first launch: 50 seconds
    • From combat-ready status: 11 seconds
  • Inter-missile launch time (in a salvo): 5 seconds
  • Launch weight:
    • 3M-80E missile 4,150 kg (9,150 lb)
    • 3M-80E1 missile 3,970 kg (8,750 lb)
  • Warhead type: penetrator
  • Warhead weight: 300 kg (explosives 150)
  • Dimensions:
    • Length: 9.385 m
    • Body diameter: 0.8 m
    • Wing span: 2.1 m
    • Folded wing/empennage span: 1.3 m

Source wikipedia.org

Guidance is by MR331 Mineral ME radar in random above the bridge (See radar section for details).

141098274450.jpgImage @operatorchan.org

Two Shtil surface-to-air missile systems are installed, each on the raised deck behind the two-barrelled 130mm guns. Shtil is the export name of the SA-N-7, NATO reporting name Gadfly. The system uses the ship’s three-dimensional circular scan radar for target tracking. Up to three missiles can be aimed simultaneously. The range is up to 25km against targets with speeds up to 830m/s. The ship carries 48 Shtil missiles.

Two Shtil surface-to-air missile system

000.jpga5dd759a-71b0-4536-8f52-fc568ee4e8b7Original.jpg

The Buk missile system (Russian: “Бук”; “beech” (tree), ) is a family of self-propelled, medium-range surface-to-air missile systems developed by the Soviet Union and its successor state, the Russian Federation, and designed to fight cruise missiles, smart bombs, fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles.

The Buk missile system is the successor to the NIIP/Vympel 2K12 Kub (NATO reporting name SA-6 “Gainful”). The first version of Buk adopted into service carried the GRAU designation 9K37 and was identified in the west with the NATO reporting name “Gadfly” as well as the US Department of Defense designation SA-11.

With the integration of a new missile the Buk-M1-2 and Buk-M2 systems also received a new NATO reporting name Grizzly and a new DoD designation SA-17. In 2013, the latest incarnation “Buk-M3” was scheduled for production.

A naval version of the system, designed by MNIIRE Altair (currently part of GSKB Almaz-Antey) for the Russian Navy, according to Jane’s Missiles & Rockets, received the GRAU designation 3S90M1 and will be identified with the NATO reporting name Gollum and a DoD designation SA-N-7C. The naval system was scheduled for delivery in 2014.

  • 3S90 “Shtil” (SA-N-7C ‘Gollum’) – Naval export version of the 9K37M1-2 with 9M317E missile.

9M317 missile

001.jpg85d094bc-588a-4edd-a4d3-38b81bd7c8cdOriginal.jpg

The 9M317 missile was developed as a common missile for the Russian Ground Force’s Air Defence Forces (PVO) (using Buk-M1-2) as well as for ship-based PVO of the Russian Navy (Ezh). Its exterior design bears a resemblance to the Vympel R-37 air-to-air missile.

The unified multi-functional 9M317 (export designation 9M317E) can be used to engage aerodynamic, ballistic, above-water and radio contrast targets from both land and sea. Examples of targets include tactical ballistic missiles, strategic cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles, tactical, strategic and army aircraft and helicopters. It was designed by OJSC Dolgoprudny Scientific Production Plant (DNPP). The maximum engagable target speed was 1200 m/s and it can tolerate an acceleration overload of 24G. It was first used with Buk-M1-2 system of the land forces and the Shtil-1 system of the naval forces.

001.jpga1abb632-d530-41b9-84d8-73983cbba5f3Original.jpg

In comparison with 9M38M1, the 9M317 has a larger defeat area, which is up to 45 km of range and 25 km of altitude and of lateral parameter, and a larger target classification. Externally the 9M317 differs from the 9M38M1 by a smaller wing chord. It uses the inertial correction control system with semi-active radar homing, utilising the proportional navigation (PN) targeting method. Source revolvy.com  

Guidance is by 6 ‘Front Dome'(MR-90) radar (See radar section for details).

f3_big.jpgVdumchivyy 690 – Image @severnoe.com

GUNS

The ship’s 130mm guns are the AK-130-MR-184 supplied by the Ametist Design Bureau and the Frunze Arsenal Design Bureau in Saint Petersburg.

AK-130-MR-184

dd2c60414713432ecdb363e9a20f9ab3

The AK-130 is one of the most powerful gun systems used in the world today and is a fully automatic, dual-purpose weapon.  Design work was started by the PO Arsenal in 1967 on a single gun version designated as A-217.  However, the required rate of fire of 60 rounds per minute was not reached during trials, so it was decided to switch to a twin mounting.  The new system with a factory designation ZIF-94 used the same barrel and large number of components from the A-217.

The mountings are controlled by MP-184 Fire Control Radar Systems, which include a 2-band radar, low light TV, laser designator, system for selecting moving targets and an ESM system.  This system has a range of 75 km (41 nm).  The system provides the integration of all of the shipboard radars, exact measurement of all parameters of movement for all air, sea and land targets, exact bearing to the target, correction of shooting by splashes and automatic tracking of shells.

The mounts are triaxially stabilized and the barrels are liquid cooled.

WNRussian_51-70_ak130_Chabanenko_pic130 mm/70 (5.1″) firing aboard RFS Admiral Chabanenko (DD 650) in June 2011 U.S. Navy Photograph No. 110629-N-ME988-29 – Image @navweaps.com

Gun Characteristics

Designation 130 mm/70 (5.1″) AK-130
Ship Class Used On Sovremenny, Slava and Kirov Classes
Date Of Design 1980
Date In Service 1985
Gun Weight N/A
Gun Length oa 358.3 in (9.100 m)
Bore Length N/A
Rifling Length 276.38 in (7.020 m)
Grooves N/A
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire 10 – 40 rounds per minute per gun

Ammunition

Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round 190 lbs. (86.2 kg)
Projectile Types and Weights HE (F-44) – 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg)

AA (ZS-44) – 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg)

AA (ZS-44P) – 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg)

Bursting Charge HE (F-44) – 7.85 lbs. (3.56 kg)

AA (ZS-44) – 7.85 lbs. (3.56 kg)

AA (ZS-44P) – 7.85 lbs. (3.56 kg)

Projectile Length N/A
Propellant Charge N/A

Cartridge – 116.4 lbs. (52.8 kg)

Cartridge Length – 53.9 in (1.369 m)

Muzzle Velocity 2,788 fps (850 mps)
Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life about 1,500 rounds
Ammunition stowage per gun Sovremenny:  500 rounds

Others:  N/A

150 to 180 ready rounds on mount

WNRussian_51-70_ak130_pic130 mm/70 (5.1″) AK-130 on Marshall Ustinov Pictures courtesy of Naval Technology – Image @navweaps.com

Range

Elevation With 73.6 lbs. (33.4 kg) HE Shell
Max Ballistic Range 25,150 yards (23,000 m)
Max Range Against Missiles up to 8,750 yards (8,000 m)
Max Range Against Aircraft up to 16,400 yards (15,000 m)

Mount / Turret Data

Designation Single Mount

  B-13

Twin Mounts

  B-28

  B-2LMT

  B-2LM

Weight Single Mount:  about 89 tons (90 mt)

Twin Mount:  about 100 tons (102 mt)

Elevation -12 / +80 degrees
Rate of Elevation 25 degrees per second
Train + 200 / – 200 degrees
Rate of Train 25 degrees per second
Gun Recoil 20.47 – 24.57 in (520 – 624 mm)
Note:  Lead ship Kirov (later Admiral Ushakov) had two single 100 mm guns in place of the single twin 130 mm gun used on later members of the class.

Source navweaps.com

The system includes a computer control system with electronic and television sighting. The gun can be operated in fully automatic mode from the radar control system, under autonomous control using the turret-mounted Kondensor optical sighting system and can also be laid manually. Rate of fire is between 20 and 35 rounds/min.

MR-184/MR-184E Shipborne Radar Control System for AK-130

MP-184_01_32bd163114c8afc1424f4082122f17fa (1).jpg

MR-184/MR-184E Shipborne Radar Control System (MR-184/MR-184E RCS) is designed for 130-mm naval artillery guns (AK-130) fire control against surface, coastal and air targets when the enemy is using active and passive interference, anti-radar self-homing missiles.

The system also performs the following tasks:

  • „target designation data reception, target lock-on, transfer to target tracking and current coordinates positioning for sea, coastal and air targets, calculation of full homing angles of naval guns and fuse range setting;
  • ballistic and meteorological fire preparations;
  • „intercept and tracking of the missile launched from the tracked plane or ship missile-carrier;
  • „naval artillery system crew training using simulated targets with a possibility to engage the targets with practice shells.

MR-184/MR-184E RCS includes:„

  • dual-band target tracking radar;
  • „moving target indication and anti-jam equipment;
  • „control devices;
  • „built-in video and optical device.

Main specifications

Most effective air target engagement range from 12 km
Response time from the beginning of target tracking till firing:
against air target 7 s
against coastal and surface targets 15 s
Radio-frequency beam sweep range:  
in cooperation with radar detection equipment 0–75 km
in autonomous mode 0–35/15–50/40–75 km
Antenna post homing range:  
by azimuth 0–360 deg.
by elevation 2 ÷ +75 deg.
Weight 8.5 t

Special feature

  • High rate of fire.

Source agat.ru

The ship has four six-barrel 30mm AK-630 artillery systems. The maximum rate of fire is 5,000 rounds/min. Range is up to 4,000m for low-flying anti-ship missiles and 5,000m for light surface targets. The gun is equipped with radar and television detection and tracking.

30mm AK-630 artillery system

09837d8156bc9ee7d6a805a98e6dcfdf

Design of the AK-630 (A-213) gun system started in 1963.  The first prototype was made in 1964 and trials were conducted until 1966.  The trials of the complete system with radar and controls went on until 1976 when the system was accepted for service.  Production started in 1969 in Tula, with a modified AK-630M (A-213M) system accepted into service in 1979.  These systems are the main close-in defense systems on modern Russian ships.

6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18

1289934924_1

The gun itself is a 6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18.  The barrels are in a single block, having exhaust-driven joint automatics.  They are belt fed with a flat magazine in the AK-630 and a drum magazine in the AK-630M.  These weapons form a part of a complete self-defense system called A-213-Vympel-A, which includes gun, radar, optical and TV control systems.  A single MP-123 Vympel system can control two 30 mm guns or one 30 mm and one 57 mm gun.  This system can engage air targets at ranges up to 4,000 m (4,400 yards) and surface targets at ranges up to 5,000 m (5,500 yards).  The TV control system can detect MTB sized ships at the distance of 75 km (40 nm) and the fighter-size air targets at 7,000 m (7,600 yards).  This system is completely automatic and does not require human supervision although it can be directed from optical control posts in case of damage or for firing on shore targets.

0006-550Image @mil.ru

Gun Characteristics

Gun Weight AO-18 (for AK-630):  under 452 lbs. (under 205 kg) 
Gun Length oa 64.13 in (1.629 m)
Bore Length 63.78 in (1.620 m)
Rifling Length 57.48 in (1.46 m)
Grooves 16
Lands N/A
Twist N/A
Chamber Volume N/A
Rate Of Fire AK-630:  4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute

Ammunition

Type Fixed
Weight of Complete Round 1.834 – 1.839 lbs. (0.832 – 0.834 kg)
Projectile Types and Weights HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)

FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)

Bursting Charge HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.107 lbs. (0.0485 kg)

FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.026 lbs. (0.0117 kg)

Projectile Length up to 11.54 in (293 mm)
Propellant Charge N/A
Muzzle Velocity All:  2,953 fps (900 mps)

3M87:  2,822 fps (860 mps)

Palash:  3,609 fps (1,100 mps)

Working Pressure N/A
Approximate Barrel Life AK-630:  8,000 rounds (automation resource)
Ammunition stowage per gun AK-630:  2,000 rounds 

Range

Elevation With 1.2 lbs. (0.54 kg) HE/Frag Shell
Max Ballistic Range 8,860 yards (8,100 m)
Self Liquidation range 5,470 yards (5,000 m)
Effective Targeted Range 4,375 yards (4,000 m)

Mount / Turret Data

Designation Single Mounts

  AK-630

Weight AK-630 (empty):  4,079 lbs. (1,850 kg)

AK-630 (with ammo):  4,226 lbs (1,918 kg)

AK-630 (with control systems):  20,093 lbs. (9,114 kg)

Elevation AK-630:  -12 / +88 degrees
Elevation Rate 50 degrees per second
Train -180 / +180 degrees
Train Rate 70 degrees per second
Gun recoil AK-630:  0.51 in (13 mm)

Source navweaps.com

МР-123-02/3 «Багира» MR-123-02/3 Multipurpose Naval Artillery Fire Control System for AK-630 artillery system

2722e7b36c97a550a73b73e588274ed3

МR-123-02/3 Control System is designated for 30/57/76/100 mm naval anti-aircraft artillery gun and 122/140 mm unguided rocket weapon fire control for air, sea and coastal target engagement.

The primary tactical purpose of МR-123-02/3 system is to provide ship self-defence against air attacks, including low-altitude anti-ship missiles.

The system controlling artillery naval guns and unguided rocket launchers serves for:

  • engagement of surface ships;
  • engagement of enemy artillery and mortar batteries, military forces and firing systems, engagement of hidden from the ship targets.

The systems performs the following tasks:

  • acquisition of targeting data received from shipborne detection radars as well as data collecting and processing systems;
  • autonomous detection and tracking of targets in all-round surveillance and sector-scanning modes;
  • evaluation of target danger level and output of targeting data on the four most dangerous targets, acquisition and tracking of two targets providing for generation of ballistic data for guidance of naval artillery systems;
  • automated simulaneous fire control of several naval guns of two different calibres engaging one or two air, sea and coastal targets;
  • automated tracking of targets is implemented by virtue of X-band radar antenna and electro-optical sighting devices via day, night and infrared optical channels;
  • off-the-target data measurement and corrections;
  • meteorological and ballistic preparation;
  • active and passive jamming protection;
  • visual display of surface and underwater situation as well as current data on multi-functional indicator screens;
  • software-based simulator is intended for technical control of system parameters as well as crew training.

Main specifications

Operating range of CS:  
from radar 45 km
from EORU 25 km
Root-mean-square error of automatic tracking:  
for radar by azimuth and elevation 0.5 angular mil
for radar surveillance range 5 m
for EORU by azimuth and elevation 0.1 angular mil
for EORU surveillance range 3 m
Number of antennas 1
Operation frequency of radar fire control system Х-band
Duration of radar antenna circular rotation 4 s
All-round surveillance mode 360 deg.
Sector-scanning mode 60 deg.
Continuous operation time 8 h
Mean time to failure 350 h
Power consumption 18 kW
Ambient temperature:
on-deck devices

conning room devices

–40 ÷ +50 °C

–10 ÷ +50 °C

Relative humidity up to 98% at 35 °С
Service life Mean time to repair 15 000 h
Designation Configuration Weight
MR-123-02/3 Radar, EORU 2400 kg
MR-123-02/3 Radar 1600 kg
MR-123-02/3 EORU 1200 kg

Source agat.ru

20130715215024.jpgImage @bemil.chosun.com

ANTI-SUBMARINE SYSTEMS

The destroyer has two double 533mm torpedo tubes and two six-barrel RBU-1000 anti-submarine rocket launchers, with 48 rockets. Range is 1,000m. The rocket is armed with a 55kg warhead.

**There are no information on type of torpedo

ASW Smerch RBU-1000

Reactive bombometnaya installation

  • Effective means of protecting Navy ships against submarines and attack torpedoes in the near field. Electric power drive and fire control system are unified with the RBU-6000 .
  • An upgrade RBU-6000 using the electric power drive on modern management principles and element base (ERE), while pointing the speed can be increased by 20-30%, and the weight of the drive is reduced to 300 kg.

Characteristics:

Caliber, mm 301
Number of trunks 6
Weight, kg 3200
Guidance Speed deg / s

– in all rows

– on the horizon

27 27
Firing range, m

– max

– min

1000 100
Weight 18F bombs kg 189
Max. airspeed bomb, m / s 106
BB Weight, kg 100

Translated by google – Source zavod9.com

HELICOPTER

The ship’s helicopter pad accommodates one Kamov Ka-27 anti-submarine warfare helicopter, NATO codename Helix. The helicopter can operate in conditions up to Sea State 5 and up to 200km from the host ship.

Kamov Ka-27 anti-submarine warfare helicopter

2089459Photographer Max FoxbatRU Bryansky – Russian APT Airline Russia – Navy Version Kamov Ka-27PL Generic Type Kamov Ka-27 Basic Type Kamov Ka-27 @airliners.net
Kamov Ka-27PL ‘Helix-A’
Country of origin Soviet Union
Entered service 1982
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Length 11.27 m
Main rotor diameter 15.9 m
Height 5.45 m
Weight (empty) 6.1 t
Weight (maximum take off) 12.6 t
Engines and performance
Engines 2 x Klimov TV3-117V turboshaft engines
Engine power 2 x 2 190 hp
Maximum speed 250 km/h
Cruising speed 230 km/h
Service ceiling 5 km
Range 800 km
Payload
Maximum payload 5 t
Typical load ?
Armament
Torpedoes 4 x APR-2E homing torpedoes
Bombs 4 x groups of S3V guided anti-submarine bombs in place of torpedoes

Ka-27 specification military-today.com

Zagon-2 (S3V) guided anti-submarine bomb

Zagon 2.jpg

S3V ( Russian : S3V ), the Russian aircraft-launched induction of KTRV company has developed depth charge . Manufacturer name Zagon ( Russian : Zagon ., Zagon means the enclosure of livestock).

Model 

Zagon -1
Formality of been depth charges.
Zagon -2
Improved in development

Translated by google from Japanese – Source wikipedia.org

image009Image @aoniii.ru

This weapon is designed to engage submarines on the sea surface, under water at periscope level and at depth. Developed by the Scientific Research Institute of Engineering (Techmash) the 120 kg Zagon-2 was originally intended for use with ship-based Ka-28 helicopters. It can also be dropped from Il-38 and Tu-42M anti-submarine planes. Its use is now extended to the larger, shore based Mi-14. When dropped on underwater targets the 150 cm long bomb descends on a parachute, which is released at the moment the bomb splashes down. The bomb then sinks down, steered on its descent towards the target using active sonar for target location and a motion control system for guidance. The weapon can detect enemy submarines from a distance of 450 meters, at cruising depths of up to 600 meters. Source defense-update.com

0_10c9c4_c950c57d_orig.jpegImage @navy-korabel.livejournal.com

COUNTERMEASURES

The Project 956 destroyer is fitted with an electronic countermeasures system and carries a store of 200 rockets for the two decoy dispensers, model PK-2.

PK-10 “Smelyy” decoy RL (4 KT-216 launchers) – from №868, PK-2M decoy RL ( ZIF-121-02 launcher) – “Terciya” fire control system

PK-10 Shipborne Decoy Dispensing System

09e30d4d7b84ba3dbe8ed02f308e3ee9

Launcher – 10 trunks, two types of static installation on the deck – up trunks and at an acute angle to the horizon.
 
Caliber – 120 mm
shell length – 1,220 mm
Installation length – 655 mm (without shells)
installation width – 962 mm (without shells)
Installation height – 540 mm (without shells)
shell weight – 25 kg
Unit weight without rotating mechanism – 205 kg
Weight of a rotary mechanism – 336 kg
 
Ammunition – projectiles have the same weight and size characteristics and differ only in equipment warhead.
 
Application :
– MRK pr.1234
– MRK pr.1239 “Bora” (4 installed on the ship aft)
– Small artillery ships pr.21630 “Brawler”
– Dr.tipy ships
 0_407010

PK-2M decoy

rSe6s.jpgPU ZIF-121 complex PC-2 BOD “Vice-Admiral Kulakov” pr.1155, Northern Navy Fleet Russia, Severomorsk, March 29, 2011 (photo – Denis Mokrushina, http://twower.livejournal.com/ 520535.html .)
140 mm launcher jamming complex. Development started by the decision of the USSR №832-372 of 21 July 1959 in the OKB-43 (KB index – CR-102). In January 1961, the CR-102 project is transferred to the CDB-34. The prototype installation is made by the №7 and 18 May 1962 sent to the factory testing. Sketchy-technical project prepared by June 1962 due to delays in finalizing the system November 20, 1963 the project transferred to the CDB-7 (PO “Arsenal”) renaming installation ZIF-121 (ZIF – Project name CDB-7) . The factory tests were completed in January 1964, the State field tests were carried out on October 20, 1964 to December 27, 1965 Ship tests were conducted on pr.1123 ASW cruiser “Moscow” from August 1 to October 30, 1967 At the same time the ship passed the test on pr.1134 missile cruiser “Admiral Zozulya.” jamming system under the name PC-2 entered service in 1969. 
PK-2-Countermeasure-System-Navy.jpgImage @aame.in
The PK-2 is believed to be capable of launching a variety of decoys ranging from the passive chaff & flare dispensers, to active Radio Frequency [RF] decoys that lure missiles away from the actual physical target by simulating electromagnetic emissions as would be radiated by a comparable or bigger physical target.  Source aame.in
uhDZZ.jpgShooting is setting ZIF-121 complex PC-2 aircraft carrier Vikramaditya pr.11430, photo – 2012-2013 ( Http://www.militaryphotos.net )

SENSORS

The ship is equipped with three navigation radars, an air target acquisition radar, and fire control radars for the 130mm gun and the 30mm gun. The sonar suite includes active and passive hull mounted search and attack sonar.

Project 956

“Fregat-M2” air/surface search radar (№861-863 – MR-710 “Fregat-M”, №864, 865 – MR-710M-1 “Fregat-M1”), 1 MR-212/201 “Vaygach-U” navigation radar, 1 “Volga” navigation radar, MP-401S “Start” ESM radar system, MP-407 “Start-2” ESM radar system, “Rumb”, MGK-335S “Platina-S” sonar (from №866 – MGK-335MS “Platina-MS”), 2 MG-7 «Braslet» anti-saboteur sonars, R-785 “Tayfun” communication complex (from №875 – R-782 “Buran”), “Pritcep” satellite communication complex

MR-710 “Fregat-M” air/surface search radar

Fregat-M_DD_956_prj_OtlichnyMR-710 “Fregat-M”- Image @wikipedia.org

Ships №861-863 

“Fregat-M” (the MP-710M, NATO designation – Eng. The Top Steer ) – Soviet and Russian trёhkoordinatnaya shipborne radar family “Fregat”. 

The antenna system consists of two mechanically coupled antennas, antenna combined into one post. The main antenna trёhkoordinatnaya is a phased antenna array with frequency scanning in elevation. The reflector is made as a parabolic cylinder slight inclination from the vertical, the irradiator – a helically wound rod on the waveguide, which is located on the focal line reflectors, slit irradiators distributed along the length of the waveguide and are located by the reflector.

Scanning frequency elevation, azimuth – mechanical. The auxiliary antenna is a two coordinate, parabolic with mechanical scanning.

At the top of the main antenna is placed antenna radar recognition system “friend or foe”

Frequency band 2.0-2.5 GHz
Rotation frequency 15 rev / min
Max. range 145-150 km
Max. height 30 km
peak power 30 kW

Source wikipedia.org

MR-710M-1 “Fregat-M1” air/surface search radar

MR-710M-1_«Fregat-M»_on_destroyer_«Bezuprechnyy»,_1987MR-710M-1 “Fregat-M1” – Image @wikimedia.org

Ships №864, 865

Frequency band 12-15 cm (The range of lengths of radio waves)
Rotation frequency 15 rev / min
Max. range 145-150 km
for further modifications – up to 300 km
Max. height 30 km
peak power 30 kW

Source wikipedia.org

Project 956E

“Fregat-M2EM” air/surface search radar, MR-212/201-1 “Vaygach-U” navigation radar, MR-212/201-3 “Vaygach-U” navigation radar, MP-401E “Start” ESM radar system, MP-407E “Start-2” ESM radar system, “Rumb”, MGK-335MSE “Platina-MSE” sonar, SSN-137 sonar, 2 MG-7 anti-saboteur sonars, “Sigma-E” combat information control system
«Spektr-F» laser detection warning system

wallpaper-1149292.jpg

Latest main radar for Project 956 have been upgraded

The complete sensor suite and ECM comprises: 3D radar ‘Top Steer’, replaced later with ‘Top Plate’ (MR-760), 230 km range vs fighters and 50 km vs missiles and a total of 40 targets can be simultaneously tracked; Mineral system (‘Band Stand’) to allow the SS-N 22 guidance; 3 navigation and surface control radar MR-201 e 212; 2 ‘Bass Tilt’ (MR-123) for CIWS; 6 ‘Front Dome'(MR-90) radar for SA-N-7 guidance (a very large arrangement to assure an effective defense against saturation attacks), linked with 3D radar and two SAM launcher (5 missile min each); 1 ‘Kite Screech’ radar for 130 mm (MR-184 Lev). ECM and ESM are many: 2 ESM MR-410 or MP-405; 2 ECM MRP-11M or 12M (‘Bell Shroud’), 2 ‘Bell Squat’, 4 ‘Foot-ball B’ and one MR-407; 2 PK-2M rocket launchers (140 mm), and 8 PK-10 (120 mm), 2-8 laser warning receiver systems Spektr-F, one Squeeze Box (TV, laser and IR system). Source wikipedia.org

‘Top Plate’ (MR-760)””Fregat-M2″/Fregat-M2EM”

11730047523_c3205325a0_b

The Fregat, Top Plate and Top Steer NATO codename, is a family of 3D, 360-degree/full-coverage ship-based radar systems developed for the Soviet Union Navy and designed to provide surveillance and detection of surface and airborne targets and to deliver target designation data to weapon systems. The Fregat radar system can operate effectively in intense jamming and countermeasures environments. Moreover, the radar system also provides identification friend or foe (IFF). The Fregat radar system has been provided to aircraft carrier, amphibious assault, frigates, cruisers, destroyers and special purpose class ships commissioned by the Russian Navy such as Kuznetsov, Neustrashimy, Krivak III, Kirov, Slava, Udaloy and Sovremenny.

The Fregat family of radar systems features automatic target tracking and built-in self-diagnosis system. The radar system is made of line replaceable units that can be removed with ease in the event of a malfunction. The radars developed under Fregat family are tailored for a variety of ships depending on their displacement and purpose. The main differences among them are: air surveillance range, number of channels and frequency bands, and weight. Typically, Fregat radars operate in the E-band excepting the lightest Fregat MAE-4k which operates in the H-band. All variants can detect a surface ship at the line-of-sight while the maximum detection range for an airborne target with the radar cross section of a non-stealth fighter aircraft varies from 58 to 230 kilometers.

The Fregat MAE-2 radar system is intended for medium displacement ships. It is an E-band single channel radar with a maximum instrumented range of 300 kilometers and a maximum vertical detection range of 30 km. Fregat MAE-2 can detect a fighter aircraft at a maximum range of 200 km or a missile at a maximum range of 43 km. The radar’s equipment and the antenna station weigh approximately 6.8-t (4.56-t and 2.25-t respectively).

Fregat MAE-2 radar system

Number of Components: 10

Number of Radar Channels: 1

Coverage

Max Elevation: 45 

Performance

Max Detection Range: 200 kilometer (108 nautical mile)

Max Detection Range in Altitude: 30 kilometer (98,425 foot)

Max Instrumented Range: 300 kilometer

Measurement Accuracy: 120 meter

Min Detection Range: 2 kilometer

Small Air Target Detection Range: 43 kilometer

Power

Power Consumption: 60 kW

Rates

Max Antenna Rotation Speed: 15 roundperminute

Time

Max Scan Rate: 4 second

SetUp Time: 5 minute

Weight

Weight: 6.81 ton

Data source deagel.com

Fregat M2EM radar system

The Fregat M2EM radar system is intended for medium and large displacement ships. It is an E-band two-channel radar with a maximum instrumented range of 300 kilometers and a maximum vertical detection range of 30 km. Fregat M2EM can detect a fighter aircraft at a maximum range of 230 km and/or a missile at a maximum range of 50 km. The radar’s equipment and the antenna station weigh approximately 11.75-t (9.25-t and 2.5-t respectively).

Number of Components: 20

Number of Radar Channels: 2

Coverage

Max Elevation: 45 

Performance

Max Detection Range: 230 kilometer (124 nautical mile)

Max Detection Range in Altitude: 30 kilometer (98,425 foot)

Max Instrumented Range: 300 kilometer

Measurement Accuracy: 120 meter

Min Detection Range: 2 kilometer

Small Air Target Detection Range: 50 kilometer

Power

Power Consumption: 90 kW

Rates

Max Antenna Rotation Speed: 12 roundperminute

Time

Max Scan Rate: 2.50 second

SetUp Time: 5 minute

Weight

Weight: 11.8 ton

Data source deagel.com

Mineral system (‘Band Stand’) for SS-N 22 guidance

nastojtschiwij_06Radom houses the Mineral system (Band Stand )and Kite Screach tracking radar – Image @sciencetronics.com

Mineral system (‘Band Stand’) is used for SS-N 22 missile guidance, MR331 Mineral ME ( Russian export version Monolit or Band Stand in Western code) is a team able to locate targets beyond the radar horizon. Which is essential guide surface-to-surface missiles.

morenamineral me.jpg

Top Plate and 6 ‘Front Dome'(MR-90) radar for SA-N-7 guidance

nastojtschiwij_07.jpgNastoychivyy two of the three navigational radars Palm Frond.  Top Plate 3D radar and one of six Front Dome missile control radars for (SA-N-7) – Image @sciencetronics.com

‘Front Dome'(MR-90) radar

22188067139_767127f1dd_b

MR-212/201-1 short-range navigation radar

download (2)

Mission

MR-212/201-1 version of Vaygach-U-Nayada-M baseline navigation radar is intended to perform short-range surface surveillance, to augment safety of navigation in poor visibility conditions, and to support implementation of specific tasks in cooperation with other systems. The radar is capable of accomplishing the following missions:•presentation of surface and low-flying air threats on tactical situation displays;•own ship location in reference to coastline and surface prominent points, as well as based on signals of satellite navigation system;•determination of target location and movement parameters;•data feed to electronic chart display system.

Composition

•antenna
•pulse magnetron transmitter 
•receiver
•display system

Basic specifications

Range resolution, m 30
Bearing resolution, deg 1.3
Max bearing error, deg 0.5
Max range error, m20 or 0.8% of scale
Antenna directional pattern width, deg:
in horizontal plane 1.1±0.1
in vertical plane20±2.0
Transmitter peak power, kW12 or 20
Operational frequency, MHz9,4009,460
Receiver sensitivity, dB/W:
on scales of up to 1.5 n.miles 127
on other scales 131
Radar display diameter, mm 270
Overall equipment weight, kg max 1,100
Onboard power consumption, kW max 4.5
Data Rosoboronexport

MGK-335EM sonar system

Mission

MGK-335EM-03 sonar system is designed to detect submarines in the short-range hydroa-coustic surveillance zone, to generate targeting data for ASW weapons, and to provide underwater acoustic communications with submerged submarines.

Features

The system has a distinguishing capability of intercepting signals emitted by active sonars,defining their bearings and parameters, as wellas classifying the targets detected.Its missions include:
•submarine detection in the active mode;
•automatic target tracking;
•provision of initial data for weapons targeting;
•target acquisition by noise emissions in thelistening mode, and torpedo attack warning;
•high- and low-frequency sonar communications, coded communications, and target identification with range-finding;
•detection of active sonar signals;
•automatic classification of the detected tar-gets;
•monitoring of acoustic interference with thesonar’s operation;
•target range prediction and display;
•automatic testing of the system’s operationalstatus.
Data Rosoboronexport
0_10c9c0_1c3a6de9_orig.jpegImage @navy-korabel.livejournal.com

PROPULSION

The ship’s propulsion system is based on two steam turbine engines each producing 50,000hp, together with four high-pressure boilers. There are two fixed-pitch propellers. The ship’s maximum speed is just under 33kt. At a fuel-economic speed of 18kt the range is 3,920 miles.

Project 956E destroyer is powered by four KVG-3 high-pressure steam boilers, two 50,000hp TV-12-4 steam turbines driving two fixed pitch propellers. Electric power is supplied by two 1,000kW steam turbogenerators and four 600kW diesel generators. Source @Rosoboronexport

Main material source naval-technology.com

Destroyer Bystry.jpgDestroyer Bystry – Image @aircom-poste.blogspot.com
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