Russian Su-34 Bomber Gets Unique New Recon Gear


14:17 01.08.2016(updated 16:20 01.08.2016)

Russia’s latest Sukhoi Su-34 frontline bomber will soon be sporting advanced radio surveillance gear that will allow the crew to spot and destroy enemy headquarters, communications and drone control centers, the newspaper Izvestiya wrote citing a source at the Defense Ministry in Moscow.

The new system, dubbed the UKR-RT, is placed inside a container attached to the underside of the Su-34 (NATO reporting name — Full Back).

“Right now the UKR-RT system is undergoing field trials and will soon be supplied to the Air Force,” the an unnamed source told the newspaper.

The UKR-RT is primarily designed to locate and “read” the technical signatures of communications systems, radar installations and UAV ground control stations.

Independent military expert Anton Lavrov said that the new system would turn the frontline bomber into a multirole machine able to fight and reconnoiter all at the same time.

“With this specialized container on board, the Su-34 will save us the money that would otherwise be needed to develop a new AWACS-type aircraft.”

During peacetime it can conduct reconnaissance without the use of dedicated spy planes, while in wartime it is less vulnerable compared to reconnaissance planes converted from transport and passenger aircraft,” Lavrov said.

According to another in dependent defense expert, Dmitry Boltenkov, the UKR-RT has at its heart the M-410 radio reconnaissance system.

“The M0410 is a downsized version of the more sophisticated Fraktsiya system carried by Russia’s latest Ty-214R reconnaissance plane,” Boltenkov said.

Many foreign military specialists regard the Tu-2014R as a unique information gathering platform able to spot targets hundreds of kilometers away.

Several such planes conducted a series of reconnaissance missions late in 2012 near Japanese airspace and are frequent guests in Syria.

According to an article, titled “Russia Has Deployed its Latest Spy Plane to Syria,” which recently appeared in the authoritative Internet journal Aviationist, the Fraktsiya system allows the Tu-214R not only to intercept radar, electronic communications and even cellphone massagers, but also to use the obtained information to create an “electronic picture of the battlefield” in real time.

Original post


Tu-214 Spying above Syria.  The MRK-411 multi-intelligence payload system: A profile on modern Russian electronic warfare weaponry

tu214r-6.jpgTu-214R – Image

The MRK-411 multi-intelligence payload onboard the aircraft is made up of two large Side-Looking Array’s (SLAR’s), that are active electronically scanning array’s.  A third radar is located underneath the aircraft in a circular shaped dome, with communications interception gear in an aft fairing, along the wing roots, and in various areas spanning the entire length of the aircraft.

These two large SLAR’s are were developed by the Vega Radio-Electronic Corporation along with the Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Engineering. They are Phased Array Radars (PAR’s) capable of operating both in active and passive mode.   

The ‘RTK-MRK-411’ (L-band-X-band-VHF-band) Phased Array SLAR’s

Aaa1n.jpgRTK-MRK-411’ (L-band-X-band-VHF-band) SLAR’s and circular radar underneath the fuselage.  Other housings for ELINT gear is clearly visible – purpose and type unknown.

Given the designation of ‘RTK-MRK-411’ (L-band-X-band-VHF-band) these PAR’s can locate and track moving ground targets at high speed with a Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI) mode of operation, in addition to a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPU) mode of operation.  Buried bunkers, arms cache’s and hidden targets can be detected and penetrated up to 7m below the earth’s surface from high above.

The GMTI and GPU capabilities are only outmatched by the high-resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images that are analysed on-board the aircraft or transmitted in real-time back to a command and control location near Moscow.

The RTK-MRK-411’s two large PAR’s operating within the three frequencies of L-band-to-X-band-to-VHF-band, can cycle through many thousands of frequencies within each band for fine tuning or to avoid jamming.  The RTK-MRK-411 foils jammers by rapidly switching from not just 1,000 different frequencies within a band, but some three thousand frequencies spread over three different diverse radio-frequency bandwidths.  1,000 frequencies can be cycled through within 2 seconds, per PAR.

The frequency shifting, digital processing of synthetic aperture images and coordination of each element with the phased arrays, and the automated control of each radar mode is supported by a powerful central computer that is tied into each sensor using an IEEE Fire Wire data bus.

The‘Fraktsiya’ – OESVR ‘Faction’ – Electro-Optical Target Designation and Tracking System – Developed by ‘TPK Lincos.’

IqN9v.jpgTPC Lincos E/O system; “Fraktsiya.” sensor’s

The Tu-214R’s ‘MRC-411’ or MRK-411 system is complemented by the ‘Fraktsiya’ or OESVR ‘Faction’ Electro-Optical high-resolution cameras developed by “TPK Lincos.” 

 They are real-time digital imagery transmitting, high-precision cameras that can track individual objects or provide wide-swath imagery of terrain in daylight, visible, low-light (LLTV), and Infra-Red. 

The specifications from TPK Lincos are given as: “- +15 degrees in the longitudinal plane, and -+80 degrees in the transverse plane.  Lens Focal Length: 1750mm, Thermal Imaging Channel -373mm.”

IMG00001.gifE/O target designation system targeting a bridge


Su-34 Fullback: Details


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