India successfully conducted on 1 July the third consecutive test launch of a medium-range surface-to-air missile (MR-SAM) from the Integrated Test Range on Abdul Kalam Island (formerly known as Wheelers Island) off the country’s east coast.
Developed jointly by India’s state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), the missiles successfully shot down three Meggitt BTT-3 Banshee pilotless target aircraft some 70 km from the launch site. Two of the three test firings had been carried out the previous day at the same location.
“It [the missile system] is a quantum jump in India’s air-defence capability,” said MR-SAM programme director G.
Indo- Israeli developed MR-SAM system successfully test fired from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur
June 30, 2016
India today successfully test fired the under development Medium Range – Surface to Air Missile (MR SAM) from its Integrated Test Range (ITR) facility situated at Chandipur, Orissa. The missile was fired twice today in rapid successions from Launch Complex – III. The missile initially was fired at 8:15 HRS and successfully interdicted the designated target situated over Bay of Bengal. At around 15:45 HRS, the missile was yet again fired in autonomous mode and successfully neutralized a hovering drone.
Manohar Parrikar, Defence Minister of India, shortly after the test congratulated the developmental teams. He also said multiple tests would follow to ascertain the capabilities of the system. Key officials from the Indian Air Force (IAF) who witnessed the launch are said to have been impressed by the performance of the system.
The missile development was constituted as a joint development program between India and Israel in 2007. DRDO, India’s premier defence research organization, was the lead partner representing India’s efforts while the same was reciprocated by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI). Israel’s leading aerospace firm, Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, has also provided substantial technology for the program.
MR SAM system being injected from the launcher.
India is learnt to have played a crucial role in the development of the system. The Hyderabad based Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) in partnership with Research Centre Imarat (RCI) is believed to have developed key propulsion, navigational and computational systems for the missile. BDL, L&T, BEL and a host of the other Indian private companies were responsible for the development of the launcher and radar system.
The missile is possibly based on the Barak-8 Naval SAM system and features minimal developments over the same. The missile is expected to have a range of around 70 kilometres and can obliterate aerial targets ranging from 5th Generation fighter aircraft to terrain hugging cruise missiles. The missile assisted by its radar system can make multiple in-flight course changes and this helps in effectively countering highly agile targets.
The missile is integrated with MF STAR (Multi Function Surveillance Track And Guidance Radar) system. The radar system has been developed by the Israel based ELTA systems which is also a lead partner in various joint Indo-Israel programs. This state-of-the-art AESA radar is in-charge of acquiring, tracking and guiding the missile on to the designated target. MF STAR is a highly automated radar system and is capable of picking up targets as minute as a tennis ball in its range.
Launch module of the MR SAM system.
The system was first test fired in Israel by 2009 and various developmental hurdles have delayed the project by over two years. However, the naval version of Barak-8 has been in operation on-board the Kolkata Class guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy and the Sa’ar 5-class corvettes of the Israeli Navy.
The land based version maybe inducted into the main folds of the Indian Air Force (IAF) by 2017. The missile system will replace the aging Pechora SAM systems of the IAF. The successful test and induction of the missile system will not only be a major boost to the capabilities of the air force but also a step forward in the maturing Indo-Israeli relationships.
Launcher for MRSAM Surface to Air Missile System
DRDO at the ongoing DEFExpo 2016 in Goa displayed MRSAM weapons system launcher which is an advanced Air& Missile Defence System. MRSAM basically is a land version of Barak-8/LR-SAM dubbed as Medium-range surface-to-air missile (MRSAM) system for the Indian Army and Indian Air force to replace Russian-made Kvadrat and OSA-AKM air defense systems and is currently under development and will make its debut in 2017 . As per information provided to idrw.org by DRDO officials MRSAM Mobile Launcher system (MLS) enables transportation, emplacement, erection, activation and launch of 8 MRSAM canisterized missiles (CMs) from a vertical firing position in single as well as ripple modes.
- Vehicle mounted platform for launching MRSAM missile
- Launch control system (LS) up to eight (8) CM’s.
- Intra FU Communication system for communication with the combat Management System (CMS) and other necessary equipment.
- Single semi-trailer carriers the entire launch system including power generation system . Fully Automatic operation
- Incorporates state of the art Electromechanical servo Drive Technology with advanced Microprocessor controls .
- MLS transportable by rail, road and aircraft
- launcher equipped with facility for an onboard power supply with a hot standby .
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BANSHEE BTT-3 (MEGGITT AEROSPACE) pilotless target aircraft
Country of Origin. UK.
Similar Aerial Platform. Crecerelle, DR-3.
Role. Target drone, reconnaissance.
Dimensions. Length: 9 ft, 6 in (2.95 m). Span: 8 ft, 1 in (2.49 m).
Wings. Low-mounted and delta-shaped. Wings have a positive slant.
Engine(s). Single jet in rear. Single exhaust. May have prop-driven engine with prop at the rear in the opposing position.
Fuselage. Round and tapers to the front. Blunt rear with jet engine, and a cone with rotary engine.
Tail. Tall, swept-back fin. No flats.
UK and over 20 other countries.