Daily Archives: May 28, 2016

Project 03160 Raptor High Speed Patrol Boats – Russia

The Raptor (Project 03160) high-speed patrol boats are designed and being built by Open JSC Pella Shipyard based in Leningrad, Russia. The boat can be deployed in a wide range of missions, including patrolling, search-and-rescue, anti-sabotage and anti-terrorism. It can transport up to 20 crew members of distressed ships or aircraft and has the ability to intercept and arrest light ships.

Project 03160 “Raptor”

The Pella Shipyard of St Petersburg, mainly known for their tug boats, last week officially launched the first series produced vessel of their new Project 03160 ‘Raptor’-class (ru. “Раптор”). This boat is rather interesting, if not for anything else, then at least because it bears a striking resemblance to a 30 year old Swedish design…

Project 03160 “Raptor”. Picture from Pella Shipyard.

The internet seems to differ whether the boat is in fact a licensed version of Dockstavarvets Combat Boat 90/Stridsbåt 90, or if it just “happens” to look like one. However, what is certain is that Dockstavarvet sold a number of its Interceptor Craft 16 M, a patrol craft based on the CB 90 concept, to the Russian border guards (FSB)[1]. The Raptor, however, seems to be based on the original CB 90 instead of the IC 16 M, and it is clearly stated that this time the customer is the Russian Navy, with at least four boats slated for the Black Sea Fleet.

Is the boat then a copy of the CB 90. If it is unlicensed, I believe the answer is ‘No’. The general layout certainly seems copied, but it is hardly revolutionary. Pella might have borrowed more than is considered “fair”, but the general characteristics of the CB 90 is conventional enough. To try and reverse engineer the details of the CB 90 would probably not have been worth the hustle. To begin with, Pella would have to send a number of engineers to a boat and measure it up, down to what size the bottom stringers are and how high the masthead light is, as well as document every little detail of the equipment. After this, the engineers would have to create the whole drawing package from scratch, after which they would have to adopt it to Pella’s materials and standards. What is the size of the Swedish chairs? Does Pella’s standard choice fit? What can be used instead? How is the Russian ballistic protection attached, compared to the original?

Image bastion-karpenko.ru

Simply using a proven general layout, and starting an own design from there, is far faster than “true” reverse engineering. And I think speed is the issue here. Projecting boats from the keel up is a long process, even when it is a relatively small and straightforward one as the Raptor. Going through all the normal stages, with a preliminary round of tenders, choosing a winner, nailing down the details of the design, producing and testing a prototype, building a pre-production run, and then finally going into series production, usually takes at least a few years. Here it seems like the first steps have been skipped, and the project jumped straight into the detailed design phase. The result is a stop-gap vessel, built to expand on current capabilities (and numbers), rather than revolutionize them. This also fits the general trend of rapid expansion of the Russian armed forces. Edit 22:45 (GMT +2 DST) 25062014 corporalfrisk.com

The Russian Navy plans to procure a series of eight boats by 2015. Four of them were rolled-out in 2014, while the remaining four are scheduled to be launched in 2015. The boats will be operated by the Russian Navy’s Black Sea Fleet and will be based at the Leningrad Naval Base.

Orders and deliveries

The first Raptor patrol boat was launched in August 2013 and underwent builder’s sea trials in the same month. The boat was demonstrated to the Russian Navy in September.

The Russian Ministry of Defence awarded a contract to OJSC Pella to build and deliver a series of eight patrol boats for the Russian Navy in June 2014.

The first Raptor boat in the series was launched in June 2014 followed by the second in August 2014. The state acceptance board signed an acceptance act for a patrol boat in March 2015 and the boat was commissioned into the Russian Navy’s Black Sea Fleet in August 2015.

Completed

8 + 9 units

Ships

Pella Shipyard, Otradny

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
P-274
№701
15.08.2013
5.03.2015
P-275
№702
17.06.2014
5.03.2015
P-276
№703
2014
5.03.2015
P-281
№704
2014
25.03.2015
P-280
№705
19.08.2015
from 7.10.2016 – P-280 Yunarmeets Baltiki
P-344
№706
10.08.2015
P-845?
№707
2015
9.12.2015
P-838?
№708
14.11.2015
25.12.2015
P-415?
№709
14.12.2016
8.05.2017
P-413
№710
14.12.2016
05.2017
P-425?
№711
8.05.2017
P-
№712
30.05.2017
29.09.2017
P-
№713
24.08.2017
plan 2017
under construction
P-
plan 2017
under construction
P-
plan 2018
under construction
P-
plan 2018
under construction
P-
plan 2018
under construction

Source russianships.info

Last two high-speed Raptor patrol boats delivered to Russian Navy: Here

Russian Defense Ministry Orders Additional Project 03160 High Speed Patrol Boats: Here

Excerpt

The Russian Defense Ministry and Pella Shipyard have signed a contract for over 10 Project 03160 Raptor-class patrol boats before 2018, according to the Gazeta.ru online news agency. Under the contract, the fast boats are to be delivered before year-end 2018. In addition, the manufacturer will build Project 16609 special harbor tugboats for the Russian Navy.

The Navy will conduct tests to evaluate the navigation and communications systems, life support systems, airborne weapons, as well as running and seaworthiness of the patrol boats before commissioning them into the Black Sea Fleet.

The crew of Raptor patrol boat will undergo a comprehensive and multi-level training at the Joint Training Centre of the Russian Navy in St Petersburg.

Design and features of Project 03160 patrol boat

The Project 03160 patrol boat accommodates two crew members and 22 personnel. It has maximum length of 17m, maximum width of 4m, a fixed height of 3.5m, and a depth of 0.9m. It has special cabins to house anti-terrorist groups, divers, lifeguards, inspection and rescue teams.

General characteristics – Project 03160

Schematics

Special boat – Project 03160 (var.1)Special boat - Project 03160 (var.1)

Special boat – Project 03160 (var.2)Special boat - Project 03160 (var.1)

Source russianships.info

Medical version

The boat is integrated with modern navigation systems, communications, radar and radios to provide high-navigability. The bridge is equipped with operator workstations and consoles for command and control.

Note: Some speculate that the Raptor have been deployed to Syria

Russian Assault Boats head to Syria: Here

rus6Image: hisutton.com

Weaponry

Combat module “Udovaya Kord” Remotely operated weapon station 14.5mm machine gun

Remotely operated weapon station to hold a 14.5mm machine gun Image @bastion-karpenko.ru

The boat is fitted with a remotely operated weapon station to hold a 14.5mm machine gun, as well as a gyro-stabilised, electro-optical module. The gun has a firing range of 2,000m and is used for defence against weapon systems and armoured targets. The electro-optical module provides target detection up to a range of 3,000m.

Version 2

Version 3

Specifications KPVT

Caliber: 14.5 mm
Cartridge: 14.5×114
Weight machine gun without: 52.5 kg
Overall length: 2000 mm
Barrel length: 1350 mm
Bullet muzzle velocity: 990-1000 m/sec
Effective rate of fire: 70-90 rds/min
Rate of fire: 600-650 rds/min
Sighting range: 2000 m
Ammunition belt capacity: 50 rds

Source gunrf.ru

2 x 7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun

7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun Image @bastion-karpenko.ru

7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun is intended to engage hostile manpower, fire means and aerial targets.

The whole range of rifle cartridges is used to fire from the machine gun. The availability of gas regulator ensures the reliable operation of machine gun automatics in various operation conditions.

The high degree of commonality with the PKM machine gun and similar layout of automatics action ensure the reliability of the Pecheneg machine gun in any operating conditions.

The machine gun incorporates some design novelties aimed to increase the effectiveness of barrel cooling, which has allowed a spare barrel to be eliminated from the machine gun set.

The enhanced rigidity of the barrel, annihilation of its thermal deformation due to wind and actually the absence of thermal air flow from the heated barrel has made it possible to improve aiming conditions and increase accuracy of fire more than 2 times.

Technical Characteristics
Caliber, mm 7.62
Weight, kg 8.2
Rate of fire, rds/min. 600…800
Muzzle velocity, m/s 825
Aiming range, m 1500
Cartridge 7.62×54R
Belt capacity, rds 100 Х 200
Overall dimensions, mm 1200×115×213
Operational temperature range, °C ±50

Source zid.ru

Two bracket mounts are fitted at the stern to carry a 7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun each. The gun has an aiming range of 1,500m and a rate-of-fire between 600 and 800 rounds a minute.

Protection features of Raptor patrol boat

Armour panels fitted on the hull provide level 5 and 5A protection against bullets. The 39mm-thick bulletproof glass windows offer ballistic protection for the occupants.

Propulsion and performance

Image @bastion-karpenko.ru

Powered by a 2,000hp engine, the Raptor patrol boat can reach a top speed of approximately 50k. It can execute missions in a radius of 100 miles (160km) from its operating base.

The boat is capable of operating in coastal waters, estuaries and straits both during day and at night.

Caterpillar C18 diesels

Pella has not given out their engine of choice on their homepage, but a secondary source of uncertain value gives the engines as Caterpillar C18’s. This seems logical, as several of Pella’s tugs have been fitted with Caterpillar diesels. The C18 has a dryweight of 1950 kg, or 400 kg more weight for the pair of marine diesels.

Caterpillar C-18 Marine EngineThe stern with the water jets of the Raptor. Source: Pella JSC.

I have not found the model or manufacturer of the waterjets of the Raptor stated anywhere. However, if one looks closely at the drawings provided by Pella, it becomes very clear.

That, my dear friends, is a Rolls-Royce Kamewa A3-series water jet, most probably of the 40A3-model. Unlike the axial-flow FF-series, the A3 provides a hybrid-flow design, giving higher performance. However, another major difference is in the material.

Rolls-Royce Kamewa A3-series water jet

Roll-Royce Kamewa A3 series waterjet @maritimejournal.com

Where the FF-series is made of aluminium, the A3 is of an all-steel construction. This raises the dryweight to 850 kg apiece, with an entrained water volume of 186 litres/kg. In total, a simplified calculation of the weight of the drive package (not counting liquids, turbocharger, transmission, shaftes, …) of the Raptor gives a total weight of 5970 kg, with the corresponding value of the CB 90 being 4755 kg. This is a 25% increase in the mass of the drive train (compared to a total increase in displacement of 28%). In fact, the increase in weight of the engine and water jet accounts for roughly 24% of the total increase in displacement. Source corporalfrisk.com

Main material source naval-technology.com

Displacement (tons):
Standard:
Full load: 23
Dimensions (m):
Length: 16,7
Beam: 4
Draft: 0,85
Speed (knots): 48
Range: 300 mni
Autonomy (days):
Propulsion: 2×1150 hp Caterpillar C18 diesels, 2 pump-jets
Armament: 1×1 14,5 mm (not on №706)
2×1 7,62 mm 6P41 «Pecheneg» (not on №706)
Electronics: “Nautilus” navigation radar
Complement: 2+22

Source russianships.info

Updated Apr 13, 2018

Loitering, lethal airborne system for U.S. Army on way

An Israeli-made small UAV is being modified to meet the U.S. Army need for a miniature and lethal UAV system with a loitering capability.
 
By Richard Tomkins   |   May 27, 2016 at 4:23 PM

TUCSON, May 27 (UPI) — Small and lethal loitering airborne systems are to be jointly developed by Raytheon and Israel’s UVision for U.S. military requirements.

The first system for the Army’s Lethal Miniature Aerial Missile Systems capability will be UVision’s Hero-30 manpack, canister-launched system, which will be modified for lethal engagement, Raytheon said.

“Raytheon and UVision will offer U.S. Army small units a new capability with a fully-developed, portable, lethal loitering system,” said Dr. Thomas Bussing, Raytheon vice president of Advanced Missile Systems. “This system significantly enhances the situational awareness and combat power of small units operating on the battlefield.”

The electric-powered Hero-30 comes in several variants. The smallest has a 30-minute endurance and features an electro-optical/infrared sensor.

“The Hero-30 plays a significant role for ground forces regardless of the operating environment,” said Noam Levitt, UVision chief executive officer. “Our partnership with Raytheon provides valuable battlefield intelligence and the capability to directly engage enemy threats when necessary.”

Source upi.com

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See related post:

IAI and UVision Pitch LM’s to US Army

Hero-30

Man-pack portable, Hero 30 is the smallest system in the UVision family of smart loitering systems. Deployable within minutes, Hero 30 is capable of speeds of up to 100 knots and is ideal for anti-personnel missions.

Weight (kg): 3
Warhead (kg): 0.5
Range (LOS): 5, 10, 40 km
Endurance (min): 30
Engine: Electrical
Launch method: Canister

With new radar the PAK FA fighter can detect any stealth aircraft

In the early 2020s, Russia’s fifth-generation PAK FA fighter jet could get a photonics-based radar system using active radio-optical phased array technology (known by its Russian acronym ROFAR). It would be capable of viewing stealth aircraft at distances beyond the range of air-to-air missiles.
Guards watch Russian Sukhoi T-50 fighter jet Russian Sukhoi T-50 fighter jet landing at the opening of the MAKS Air Show in Zhukovsky outside Moscow, Aug. 27, 2013. Source: AP

A working model of the new radar, which is being developed by the Russian state-owned Radio-Electronic Technologies (KRET) firm, should be presented by the end of 2018.

The main advantage of ROFAR technology is its width of transmission frequency. Whereas the transmission frequency of a modern radar system is at most 10 GHz, with ROFAR it can reach 100 GHz.

How does ROFAR work?

“In practice, this means that ROFAR can produce a detailed 3D image of what is happening hundreds of kilometers away,” said Vladimir Mikheyev, advisor to KRET’s first deputy CEO. “For example, at 400 kilometers it can not only see a person, but even recognize their face.”

The exhibition stand of the KRET at the opening of the MAKS 2015. Source: Mikhail Voskresenskiy/RIA Novosti

According to KRET, the future radio-optical phased array antenna known as ROFAR will be half the weight of the conventional radar system currently being developed for the fifth-generation fighter. At the same time, its resolution will be 10 times better, making it possible to “virtually get a TV picture in the radar range.”

Additional advantages

The use of radio-frequency photonic technology allows for a significant reduction of aircraft detectability within the infrared spectrum and of fuel consumption. This is possible due to the high efficiency of the future radar system, which will produce several times less heat, so developers will not have to include an additional powerful cooling system, which would significantly increase the mass of the product and require electricity generated by the aircraft’s engines at the cost of burning fuel.

In addition, it will not be possible to block ROFAR through high-power jamming. For this, the range of the electronic warfare system must be greater than that of the radio receiver, which is physically impossible with photonics-based radar.

If the ROFAR project is successfully completed, the technology will not only be used for airborne radar systems. According to Mikheyev, equipping new or existing Russian naval ships with ROFAR would make it possible to reduce the weight and size of their onboard antenna systems by approximately 80-85 percent.

A fly in the ointment

The announcements from Russian manufacturers sound optimistic, but economic realities, shortcomings in organization and management and difficulties with training and recruiting personnel could hinder the implementation of their ideas. Russia still has difficulties mass-producing airborne active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar systems like those the U.S. already has not only on its fifth-generation F-22 and F-35 fighter aircraft, but also on its upgraded fourth-generation F-16 and F-15 fighters. The only Russian AESA radar system, Zhuk-A, created for the MiG-35, was first presented back in 2009, but as at the end of 2015 was still at the testing stage.

According to KRET, the Russian government has allocated 680 million rubles (about $8.4 million) to the entire ROFAR program. By comparison, the U.S. Department of Defense allocated $110 million dollars to photonics back in 2014, and plans to raise at least as much from private investors.

It is not just Russia and the U.S. who are involved in this technology race. For example, scientists from Italy presented a working model of a photonics-based radar system back in March 2013. And Jean-Loïc Galle, the executive vice president at France’s Thales Group, has announced that it is stepping up its work in this area.

With such global competition, the announcements from Russia’s KRET that working technology is to be created in the very near future sound almost like a challenge and represent a further test of the capabilities of Russia’s defense industry.

Source rbth.com

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See related post:

Zhuk-AE/FGA-35 modified radar with AESA (ROFAR)

See details of MiG-35: HERE

See details of PAK FA (Su-57): HERE