Gremyashchy class (Project 20385) is an advanced variant of Steregushchy class (Project 20380) multi-purpose corvettes, which have been in service with the Russian Navy since 2007.
The ships are designed by Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau based on the Steregushchy-class, in order to replace the ageing fleet of the Russian Navy.
Steregushchy-class ship (Project 20381): HERE
Russian Navy Steregushchy-class corvette 532 «Boikiy» seen during recent maneuvers in Baltic Sea – Image: forcesdz.com
JSC Severnaya Verf, a ship-building company based in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was contracted by the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation to construct the Gremyashchy-class ships.
Gremyashchy-class – Image: bastion-karpenko.ru
Featuring stealth design, the corvettes are intended for missions such as patrolling coastal waters, maritime security, anti-surface warfare (ASuW), anti-submarine warfare (ASW), and anti-air warfare (AAW).
Gremyashchy-class corvettes construction
Construction on the Project 20385-class began in May 2011. Keel for the lead corvette in the class, named Gremyashchy, was laid in February 2012 and the installation of main engines was completed in May 2016. The ship is expected to be launched in May 2017.
Construction on Provorny (Agile), the second ship in class, was started in April 2013. The vessel is intended for the Russian Navy’s Baltic Fleet.
‘Red’ Corvette: Russia Ready to Install Engines in Its New Stealth Warship: HERE
Engines for the Gremyashchy corvette © PHOTO: SEVERNAYA VERF SHIPBUILDING PLANT
The Gremyashchy, a sophisticated new Russian naval ship, will be equipped with domestically made engines, according to the press service of the Russian Defense Ministry.
The Project 20385 Gremyashchy corvette will get the engines before the end of May 2015, according to the Ministry.
The Russian Navy had previously planned to equip the corvette with engines produced by the German company MTU. However, like dozens of other contracts with companies from countries which imposed sanctions against Russia in 2014, these plans were scrapped.
With the four engines due to be transported to the Gremyashchy by the end of May, the warship’s state trials will begin in 2017, according to the Russian newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
Float-out of Project 20385 Gremyashchy corvette will take place on June 30: Here
PETERSBURG (Sputnik) — A new stealth corvette for the Russian Navy will be launched in St. Petersburg on Friday, the local Severnaya Verf shipyard said in a statement.
“The float-out of the Project 20385 Gremyashchy corvette will take place on June 30,” the shipyard said Thursday, adding Russian Defense Ministry officials were expected to attend.
Four Gremyashchiy-class (Project 20385) stealth corvettes are planned to be built for the Russian navy: Here
PETERSBURG (Sputnik) – Earlier in the day, Gremyashchy, the first vessel of the project, was floated out at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St Petersburg.
“The series will be brigade-size, or about four ships. But we should not stand still… The series will be made up of four ships, and then we will proceed to the construction of an even more modern and powerful Project 20386 corvette,” Tryapichnikov said after the float-out ceremony.
Project 20385 – 0+4 units
«Severnaya verf`», Sankt-Peterburg – 0+2 units
Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur – 0+2 units
Reclassified as corvettes
Gremyashchy-class design and features
The corvette’s hull is built using steel, while its superstructure is made of composite materials. The vessel is designed to have low radar, acoustic, magnetic, visual, and infrared signatures.
The length and widths of the vessel are 104m and 13m respectively and the draught is approximately 8m. With a displacement of 2,200t, the corvette can carry up to 99 crew members and a number of mission modules.
The ship is operated from an enclosed bridge located amidships. A variety of radar systems are installed in the vessel to detect and localise enemy ships, submarines, aircraft, and shore-based targets.
The Gremyashchy-class is provided with a flight deck at the aft to provide take-off/landing for a single anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter of type Kamov Ka-27PL/Ka-27PS Helix. The helicopter is stored in a large hangar fitted at the aft.
Image: bastion-karpenko.ruMain mast – Image: bastion-karpenko.ruGremyashchy-class corvettes – Image: Naval AnalysesGremyashchy-class corvettes – Image: Naval Analyses
Gremyashchy-class corvettes – Image: Naval Analyses
An important feature of the new ship – the presence of so-called “optronic mast”, which includes radar systems and systems for various applications, greatly increasing the possibility of corvettes for the detection and tracking of air and sea targets of the enemy, their defeat. In particular, the mast is allowed to refuse a single antenna station fire-control radar “Puma”.
Furke-E (Russia, Improved Cross Round) 5P-27M «Furke-2»
Antenna post radar “Furke-E” housed in radome on top of mast
Furke-E” development NIIRT Concern PVO “Almaz-Antei” The range of radio waves – E Radar detection of the total air and surface targets and target housed in a dome on the top mast.
TTX given in three trim levels radar “Furke-E” (ist. – NIIRT booklet):
|Option 1||Option 2||Option 3|
|Range Review||60 km||150 km||60 km|
|Sector Review azimuth||360 degrees||360 degrees||360 degrees|
|Sector review in elevation||6 degrees||4 °||15 degrees|
|Detection range of sea targets||0.95 radio horizon||0.95 radio horizon||0.95 radio horizon|
|The detection range of aerial target with EPR 1 sq.m||60 km||120 km||52/60 km|
|War emergency power|
|Range Review||40 km||150 km||60 km|
|Sector Review azimuth||360 degrees||360 degrees||360 degrees|
|Sector review in elevation||60 degrees||80 degrees||30 degrees|
|Height||15 km||20 km||–|
|The detection range of aerial target with EPR 1 sq.m||30km||75 km||52 km|
|Detection range RCC ESR of 0.02 m at a height of 5 m||10km||12-14 km||12 km|
|Suppression of reflections from a fixed underlying surface||50-55 dB||50-55 dB||50-55 dB|
|Accuracy of coordinate measuring range||50m||50m||50m|
|Accuracy of coordinate measuring azimuth||4-6 points rangefinder||4-6 points rangefinder||3-4 points rangefinder|
|Accuracy of coordinate measuring elevation||8-9 points rangefinder||5-7 points rangefinder||–|
|Range resolution||150-200 m||150-200 m||150-200 m|
|Azimuth discrimination||3.2 degrees||3.2 degrees||2 °|
|Number of simultaneously tracked targets||100||200||50|
|Energy consumption||8 kW||25 kW||7.5 kW|
|Weight of antenna post||420 kg||890 kg||90 kg|
|Weight of the entire radar equipment||1100 kg||2450 kg||860 kg|
|Mean time before failure||850 hours||850 hours||850 hours|
Multi-purpose navy radar system “Zaslon”
Multi-purpose navy radar system “Zaslon” is designed for:
- Illumination of the air, surface and signal environment with active radar channels of X and S wavelength bands and passive radar channels of L, S, C, X, Ku wavelength bands, with their operation adapted to the existing environment and ship’s priority tasks
- Active jamming (in Х, Кu frequency bands) and active jamming equipment control
- Target designation to weapon control systems
- Control of shipboard gun mounts
Additionally, “Zaslon” navy radar can ensure radio monitoring in short-wave and VHF wavelength bands.
“Zaslon” navy radar ensures solution of the following tasks:
- Search, detection and tracking of air targets, low-altitude pin-point targets, surface targets, shore-based radiocontrast targets
- Automatic recognition and classification of tracked targets
- Detection of radiation sources, recognition of radiating equipment classes and types, including those in the far-field region
- Estimation and analysis of electronic environment, position finding of jamming sources
- Active countermeasures
- Control of passive jamming equipment
- Weapons control
- Information support to the benefit of flights of fighters, ground attack aircrafts, shipboard helicopter on patrol and search-and-rescue problem missions, etc.
- Automatic performance monitoring and troubleshooting
- Recording of information processing results, worked out decisions and conditions of mating systems
- Personnel simulated training
Use of directional pattern electronic scanning, special modes and algorithms of target surveillance, acquisition and tracking in “Zaslon” navy radar ensures short response time, high throughput rate, exact target designation accuracy, and thus highly efficient use of mating systems’ possibilities.
“Zaslon” navy radar has substantial possibilities for update, since design of its component parts allows changing the equipment components and tasks to be solved, depending on the ship purpose. “Zaslon” navy radar capacities are adaptable to various functions to be fulfilled in combat conditions. Source zaslon.com
RLK “Zaslon” on project 20385 ships (4 X-band, 4 S-band ,AESA, 200 km range, datalink for 9M96D) Source matrixgames.com
In IMDS-2015 the company SEC “Barrier” has introduced multi-function radar system “Barrier” for advanced surface ships of the Russian Navy. It includes radar system S band and X band radar and other radio-electronic means. All systems are installed in integrated design bashennomachtovuyu IBMX ship and are related to the regular means of the ship. The company showed at IMDS-2015 full-size model AESA radar X band unit MF RFCs “Barrier.” The figure at the Salon video mast mounted on a corvette type “20382 project”. The complex is able to detect air targets with RCS = 1 sq. m at a distance of 75 km and a low-flying in the 0.9-0.95 range radio horizon. The number of defined target coordinates – 3. The maximum detection range of the emitted radio-electronic systems of up to 300 km, the number of tracked targets – more than 100. This system is capable of producing active interference in the area of up to 360 degrees. in the frequency range of X and Ku. Tranlated by google – Source Источник: bastion-opk.ru ОВТ «ОРУЖИЕ ОТЕЧЕСТВА» A.V.Karpenko
5P-20K-A «Monument-A» radar complex for aerial and surface targets
Main mast – It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs.
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 3048 m|
|Range Max: 74.1 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.2 km||Generation: Early 2010s|
|Properties: Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Monument A – Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 3D Surface-to-Air & Surface-to-Surface
Max Range: 74.1 km
MTK-201M Electro-Optical Systems
The system is designed for day and night viewing, detection and identification of air, surface and coastal targets, capture and automatic tracking of targets, determine the angular coordinates, distance and speed of tracked targets.
Image: foto-i-mir.ruImage: foto-i-mir.ru
The complex includes:
– gyro-stabilized platform with channels:
• Digital television cameras in black and white and color images with progressive scan
• thermal imaging channel 8-12 mm
• laser rangefinder, laser rangefinder safe
– Remote control units improve the signal (video processor) and the block automatic tracking of targets
This complex is part of the on-board equipment of a new generation of Russian corvettes.
On the project 20380 corvettes set modification multifunctional television complex of ITC-201M2.2.
The structure of “Bark-0-MGKUSO” includes:
1. Optical modules Block stabilized (BOMS), which establishes:
• Stability and Control;
• thermal imaging channel [TPVK);
• TV channel (TCE):
– two TCE black and white image
– TEC color images
• dual-wavelength laser rangefinder;
• devices cleaning of protective hatches;
• a channel alignment
2. Electronic module (ME):
• block the electronic stabilization system;
• the control unit;
• Power Supply
Branch to develop optoelectronic systems of marine and terrestrial purpose of “Production Association” Ural Optical and Mechanical Plant “under the leadership of NI Sheynikova conducted the development and testing of innovative systems sector review for surface ships WF. Creating a product MTK-201M-C1 significantly increase the target detection range and improve the defenses of the ship.
Puma 5P-10 fire control radar
5P-10E General-Purpose Radar Control System (5P-10E RCS) is designated for optimal fire control of 25–305-mm naval artillery systems. The radar control system can perform the following tasks:
- automatic reception of target designation data from shipborne means, acquisition and tracking of up to 4 targets;
- automatic missed firing measurement and firing correction, also using antenna post electronic and optical means;
- аutomated RCS efficiency control with faults indication and generation of recommendations on fault repair;
- naval artillery system combat crew training using simulated targets under simulated interference conditions with a possibility to engage targets with practice missiles;
- аutonomous air, sea and coastal target detection (in standby mode) in 360° surveillance and sector scanning modes;
intercept of the missile taking off from the tracked target.
|Tracking mode operation range:|
|by distance||up to 60 km|
|by elevation||up to 85 deg.|
|by azimuth||±200 degrees|
|360° surveillance mode operation range:|
|by distance||not less than 30 km|
|by elevation||up to 35 deg.|
|by azimuth||360 deg.|
|from the beginning of automatic tracking till fire readiness||not more than 3 s|
|when transferring fire to a 6°x3° sector||not more than 1 s|
|Combat crew||2 persons|
|total||not more than 3700 kg|
|including antenna post||not more than 2100 kg|
Puma 5P-10 data agat.ru
MR-231-3 Navigational radar
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 92.6 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0.4 km||Generation: Early 2010s|
|Properties: Periscope/Surface Search – Fine Range Resolution + Rapid Scan [1980+], Pulse-only Radar|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Palm Frond [MR-231-3] – (2013, Mod MR-212 Nyada) Radar
Role: Radar, Surface Search & Navigation
Max Range: 92.6 km
Here is open hardware-software structure with possibility to build up subfunctions of ship automated control:
– continuous computing and displaying of ship location and motion parameters oriented to marine charts and radar image.
– possibility of preliminary and actuating route plotting.
– efficiency, adequate accuracy for navigational parameters.
– color division for information and high resolution of data displayed.
– integrated solution for navigation problems and ship collision avoidance warning.
– keeping the electronic ship’s journal and reproduction of registered navigational information.
– improved reliability for navigation monitoring and collision avoidance.
– equipment compactness and ease of control.
– self-contained operation of component parts of the complex at one of the device failure.
– wide range of interfaced navigational equipment (liggers, gyros, receiver-indicator satellite systems, echo sounders).
– possibility to increase the number of indicators with ECDIS.
– store plotting on paper charts with the help of digitizer (optional).
The complex includes:
– NRS “Gorizont-25” (device AP, I-27M2K).
– electronic chart navigational-information system – “Pribor МК-54IS”.
– satellite navigational receiver МТ-102 with power supply IP ~ 220/=24V.
– digitizer Yeoman Navigator Pro with communicator (optional).
– UPS – device IBP.
-power distribution box.
According to wiki – Gorizont-25 data gorizontrostov.ru
Hydroacoustic station complex for Paket-E/NK small-sized anti-submarine system
According to the manufacturer, the ship carrier complex “Bag-E / NK” is completed with a few basic units. This launcher, a set of management systems, as well as sonar (SAS) targeting “Bag-AE”. All of this equipment ensures timely detection of underwater targets such as submarines or torpedoes, as well as the issue of targeting means defeat and their subsequent application. The composition of the assets of the complex can be varied in accordance with the wishes of the customer.
It is known that there are two options for sonar, which differ from each other by the number and configuration of antennas. Thus, the cylindrical antenna version weighs 352 kg, and provides an overview of the sector width of 270 °. When two planar antennas station by weight reduces to 127kg, but the field of view is reduced to 90 °.
According to some reports, for the application of a complex “package-E / NK” ship-carrier can be used as own sonar detection equipment and devices that are part of this system. In both cases, the complex control system processes signals from the SAS, and outputs the data on a torpedo or antitorpedu. Next, using a launcher made the launch of the corresponding means of destruction.
Launching torpedoes and MTT antitorpedy M-15 is carried out by means of a universal launcher CM-588 with a launch tube diameter of 324 mm. Depending on the type of ship carrier and other factors launcher may have 1, 2, 4 or 8 tubes for ammunition. In all cases, the pipe fixed to the movable base that provides horizontal tip within a small sector. Vertical guidance launcher is not provided. Translated by google – Source army-news.ru
Armament of Gremyashchy-class corvettes
A 100mm ?190-01 lightweight multi-purpose naval artillery gun is mounted in the bow to engage enemy surface ships, coastal and air targets. With a rate of fire of 80rpm, the weapon can travel to a distance of 20km.
100-mm А190- 01 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun
100-mm А190- 01 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun
Burevestnik manufactures two variants of 100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval gun: А190E and А190-01.
100-mm А190 Lightweight Multipurpose Naval Gun is a single-barrel turreted automatic gun that may be installed on ships with the displacement of 500 t and more. Upon the operator’s command the fire control module automatically turns the artillery system to standby or combat-ready position, ensures ammunition selection and feeding, gun laying and firing. As a result, the artillery system has minimum response time and high rate of fire.
Main technical data
|Rate of fire, rpm||up to 80|
|Maximum firing range, km||over 20|
|Elevation, degree||-15 to +85|
|Projectile weight, kg||15,6|
|Number of ready-to-fire rounds||80|
А190 Naval Gun can fire HE (impact fuze) and AA (time fuze) case ammunitions.
The main advantages of А190 system:
– automatic firing mode with main and back-up control means and the capability to operate in EW battlefield environment;
– minimal dead zones when engaging various target types;
– fast reaction (2…5 sec) to counter air threats. Quick shift of fire when engaging multiple targets.
The upgraded version designated as А190-01 provides significant increase in combat effectiveness. High survivability, reliability and combat effectiveness make it possible to operate the gun in various environments day and night all year around. Source burevestnik.com
An eight-cell UKSK vertical launch system is installed to deploy Caliber-NK long-range cruise missiles for protection against surface and shore-based targets at ranges up to 300km.
Differences in missile layout between Steregushchy class and Gremyashchy class corvette
Differences in missile layout between Steregushchy class (below) corvette and Gremyashchy class( above)
Eight-cell UKSK vertical launch system
Eight-cell UKSK vertical launch system – Image: arms-expo.ruImage defencyclopedia.com
3M14 missile Land Attack Missile
- 3M14K An inertial guidance land attack variant deployed by the Russian Navy. The submarine-launched weapon has a basic length of 6.2 m (20 ft), with a 450 kg (990 lb) warhead. Its range is 1,500–2,500 km (930–1,550 mi). Its subsonic terminal speed is Mach 0.8.
- 3M14T is the Inertial guidance land attack variant which is deployed by the Russian Navy. A surface ship with VLS launched missile, with thrust vectoring booster, its basic length is 8.9 m (29 ft), its warhead weight and other performance are the same as the 3M14K. Russia fired 26 3M14T cruise missiles from four surface ships in the Caspian Sea against 11 targets in Syria on 7 October 2015.
|WEIGHT||Varies on variant, from 1,300 kg-1780 kg- 2300 kg|
|LENGTH||Varies on variant, from 6.2 m to 8.9 m|
|WARHEAD||about 500 kg or nuclear|
Advanced 3M-54E Club Anti-Ship Missile
The Klub/Club is a family of modular, two-stage, multi-purpose missiles intended to engage ships, submarines and targets onshore. The Klub missiles can be launched from surface ships and submarines employing canisters, torpedo tubes and VLS. The missile can follow a ballistic or a low and medium altitude cruise trajectory pattern depending on the Klub missile version. They have been designed to destroy targets protected by sophisticated active air defenses and countermeasures. The Club-N designation applies to missile variants employed by surface vessels which launch this kind of weapon through Vertical Launch System (VLS). The Club-N missiles are provided within Transport-Launch Containers (TLCs).
Number of Stages: 2
Diameter: 533 millimeter
Length: 8.22 meter (27.0 foot)
Max Range: 220 kilometer (119 nautical mile)
Cruise Speed: 266 mps (958 kph)
Top Speed: 996 mps (3,587 kph)
Warhead: 200 kilogram (441 pound)
Weight: 2,300 kilogram (5,071 pound)
SS-N-26 (3M55/P-800 Oniks) Anti-Ship Missile
SS-N-26/3M55 Oniks/P-800 Yakhont/P-800 Bolid – supersonic
3M55 Oniks/P-800 Yakhont/P-800 Bolid The supersonic P-800 Yakhont (Gem) is a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr [SS-N-7 Starbright]. The ship, submarine and coastal-launched Yakhont is launched from the unified ampoule-shaped transport-launching container (TLC). The container is 9 m long, is 0.71 m in diameter. The firing range reaches 300 km (162 nmi.) when flying along a combined trajectory and 120 kg (265 lb.) when following only a low-altitude trajectory. Flight speed varying over the range from M=2.0 to M=2.5 is provided by the kerosene-fueled multi-mode liquid-fuel ramjet. The P-800 Bolid is the encapsulated, submarine launched version of Yakhont. An air-launched version of the missile with the take-off weight of 2,500 kg (5,507 lb.) is also being developed. The closest American counterparts, the Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles, are subsonic; the best French antiship missile, the Exocet, has a range of only 45 miles. Source fas.org
Note: Other sources state that the Russian domestic version has a range of 600Km
|Country of Origin||Russia|
|Role||Amphibious anti-submarine patrol aircraft|
|Range||300 km mixed trajectory
120 km low trajectory
|Speed||Mach 2 to 2.5|
|Flight altitude||5 to 15 meters, final phase|
|Weight of warhead||200 kg [about]|
|Guidance||active-passive, radar seeker head|
|Minimum target detection range||50 km in active mode|
|Maximum seeker head search angle||45 degrees|
|Propulsion||· solid propellant booster stage · liquid-propellant ramjet sustainre motor|
|Launcher type||underwater, surface ship, land|
|Launch method||from closed bottom launch-container|
|Launch angle range||15 to 90 degrees|
|Weight||3,000 kg launch
3,900 kg in launch-container
|Launch-container dimensions||8.9 meters length
0.7 meters diameter
91RE2 anti-submarine torpedo.
91RE2 anti-submarine torpedo
The 91RE2 is a surface-launched, rocket-assisted, anti-submarine torpedo similar to ASROC: length of 6.5 m, weight is 1300 kg, range is 40 km, warhead is 76 kg, maximum speed is Mach 2.0. Source defenseupdates.blogspot.com
Anti-submarine missile 91RE2 is intended to arm surface ships equipped with standardized launchers 3C-14E or 3C-14PE. 91RE2 run at all speeds ship carrier. Booster rocket 91RE2 less powerful than rocket 91RE1, it provides output of ship missiles launcher and climb. In the design point of the second stage separation is carried out, which splashed down on a parachute, and then searches for and guidance on underwater target (see diagram application). The firing range – 40 km. Prelaunch time is 10 seconds.
Prelaunch missile 91RE2 formation and entering the flight tasks performed universal control system (CS) missile complex 3R-14H. It is an automated system that operates in real time as part of the combat information control system (CICS) ship carrier. The ships 11356 installed CICS “requirement-M”, developed NPF “Meridian”.
CICS “requirement-M” is an open, distributed adaptive computing system. Pairing SU missile system with CICS performed on the digital channel LAN using special devices interface. According to the targeting and commands from CICS “requirement-M” and navigating complex ship carrier SU missile system generates data for firing controls prelaunch preparation and launch missiles of various purposes from the complex, as well as procedural checks of complex systems and missiles. Information on the status of the missile system, ammunition available, its use plans, control commands transmitted in graphical and tabular form on the workstations (AWS) CICS “requirement-M.” It provides centralized management of all weapons systems ship with a view to their optimal use in solving various combat missions, including the management of the ship fighting against the use of submarines and anti-submarine weapons. All appliances in the composition SU missile system (except the remote control missiles) – bespultovye, maintenance-free, in the spray – and waterproof performance. Equipment fire – and explosion-proof, requires no cooling during operation. Source tonnel-ufo.ru
APR-3ME or small-sized homing torpedo
APR-3ME or small-sized homing torpedo
APR-3ME or small-sized homing torpedo MPT-1UME (weight-300 kg, a diameter of 324 mm, length 3000 mm, weight-60kg warhead). APR-3ME and MPT-1UME belong to the third generation anti-submarine weapons, and provide an independent search and detection of underwater targets in silent mode, speedy rapprochement with it and defeat it before executing evasive maneuvers and counter. Source tonnel-ufo.ru
|Launch Weight [kg]||2,300||1,780||1,780||2,050||1,300|
|Maximum Range [km]||220||300||300||50||40|
|Speed [Mach]||Depends on flight mode
Subsonic Mode: Mach 0.6 – 0.8, Supersonic Mode: Mach 2.9
|0.6 – 0.8
Terminal Stage Speed for the 3M-54E1
|0.6 – 0.8
Terminal Stage Speed for the 3M-14E
Ballistic Stage Speed for the 91RE1
Ballistic Stage Speed for the 91RE2
|Warhead Weight [kg]||200||400||400||76||76|
|Control System||Inertial + Active Radar Homing||Inertial + Active Radar Homing||Inertial||Inertial||Inertial|
The corvette is armed with two 30mm AK-630M close-in weapons systems for defence against enemy aircraft. A 16-cell launcher is provided for Redoubt anti-aircraft missile complex, which uses a number of 9K96 surface-to-air missiles to defend air targets.
16 Redut VLS
Redut VLS for 16 9M96E (120 km range) SAMs or 64 9M100 (10 km range) SAMs
Combat power of the modernized craft greatly enhanced by introducing into the arms of a new universal missile complex “Caliber-NK” (instead of anti-ship complex “Uran”) with a uniform 8-cell launcher for several types of missiles – anti-shooting and coastal targets. Anti-aircraft weaponry corvette enhanced anti-aircraft missile system, “Red”, 9M100 and 9M96 missiles (supplied from 16 to 64 missiles). Source globalsecurity.org
9M100 and 9M96 anti-aircraft missile
9M96 anti-aircraft missile
The S-400 Triumph also launches 9M96E and 9M96E2 medium range ground-to-air missiles. Designed for direct impact, the missiles can strike fast moving targets such as fighter aircraft with a high hit probability. The maximum range of the 9M96 missile is 120km.
|9M96E and 9M96E2 missiles (Fakel in Milparade.ru)|
|Target engagement envelope, km:
container with four missiles
|Average velocity, m/s||750||1,000|
|First shot hit probability:
9M96 anti-aircraft missile @RT news
9M100 short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM)
The 9M100 is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) being developed by the Fakel Design Bureau, part of Almaz-Antey concern, for new air defenses that should be in place within Russia by 2015. It is targeted at countering the latest generation of fighter aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles, guided bombs, supersonic missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) which pose a grave threat to ground forces and key facilities. The highly maneuverable 9M100 missile is being designed for launch by means of a vertical launching system (VLS). As of early 2010 the 9M100 missile system is associated with Vityaz medium-range air defense system and might be the primary weapon for the Morfei short-range air defense system.
The 9M100 guidance system combines an inertial navigation system (INS) with an infrared seeker along with a contact and proximity fuze which ignites the warhead. Such a guidance system means that the 9M100 missile is a fire-and-forget weapon capable of engaging multiple targets simultaneously. The solid propellant rocket motor features thrust vectoring control providing outstanding maneuverability.
Diameter: 125 millimeter (4.92 inch)
Length: 2.50 meter (98 inch)
Max Range: 10 kilometer (5.40 nautical mile)
2 x AK-630M
The gun itself is a 6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18. The barrels are in a single block, having exhaust-driven joint automatics. They are belt fed with a flat magazine in the AK-630 and a drum magazine in the AK-630M. These weapons form a part of a complete self-defense system called A-213-Vympel-A, which includes gun, radar, optical and TV control systems. A single MP-123 Vympel system can control two 30 mm guns or one 30 mm and one 57 mm gun. This system can engage air targets at ranges up to 4,000 m (4,400 yards) and surface targets at ranges up to 5,000 m (5,500 yards). The TV control system can detect MTB sized ships at the distance of 75 km (40 nm) and the fighter-size air targets at 7,000 m (7,600 yards). This system is completely automatic and does not require human supervision although it can be directed from optical control posts in case of damage or for firing on shore targets.
6 barrel Gatling gun designated as AO-18
The AK-306 (A-219) system was a modification of the AK-630 (A-213) system for use on light ships, like air cushion craft, ekranoplanes and small displacement motor boats. Externally, there was no difference between AK-306 and AK-630 guns, but internally instead of using the exhaust to power the automatics, the AK-306 (A-219) used electricity. This version also lacked radar control, being only optically guided, hence making it less of a anti-missile weapon and more of a surface-to-surface weapon. The design started in 1974 and the system was accepted into service in 1980. By 1986, 125 systems were in service.
|Date Of Design||1963|
|Date In Service||AK-630: 1976
|Gun Weight||AO-18 (for AK-630): under 452 lbs. (under 205 kg)
AO-18L (for AK-306): 341.7 lbs (155 kg)
GSh-6-30K (for AK-630M1-2): 352.5 lbs. (160 kg)
|Gun Length oa||64.13 in (1.629 m)|
|Bore Length||63.78 in (1.620 m)|
|Rifling Length||57.48 in (1.46 m)|
|Rate Of Fire||AK-630: 4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute
AK-630M: 4,000 – 5,000 rounds per minute
AK-630M1-2: 10,000 rounds per minute
AK-306: 600 – 1,000 rounds per minute
3M87: 10,000 rounds per minute
Palash: 1,000 rounds per minute
|Weight of Complete Round||1.834 – 1.839 lbs. (0.832 – 0.834 kg)|
|Projectile Types and Weights||HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)
FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.86 lbs. (0.39 kg)
|Bursting Charge||HE-FRAG (OF-84) – 0.107 lbs. (0.0485 kg)
FRAG tracer (OP-84) – 0.026 lbs. (0.0117 kg)
|Projectile Length||up to 11.54 in (293 mm)|
|Muzzle Velocity||All: 2,953 fps (900 mps)
3M87: 2,822 fps (860 mps)
Palash: 3,609 fps (1,100 mps)
|Approximate Barrel Life||AK-630: 8,000 rounds (automation resource)
AK-306: 18,000 rounds
|Ammunition stowage per gun||AK-630: 2,000 rounds
AK-630M: 2,000 rounds
AK-630M1-2: 4,000 rounds
AK-306: 500 rounds
|Elevation||With 1.2 lbs. (0.54 kg) HE/Frag Shell|
|Max Ballistic Range||8,860 yards (8,100 m)|
|Self Liquidation range||5,470 yards (5,000 m)|
|Effective Targeted Range||4,375 yards (4,000 m)|
MTPU 14.5mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount
|Machine-gun calibre, mm||14.5|
|Rate of fire, shot/min, not less||450|
|Mass of a mount with a machine-gun (without ammunition and SPT&A),kg||350|
|Overall dimensions (with the height
of foundation from the deck 100 mm), mm:
|Angle of elevation guidance, degrees||-15 to +60|
|Angle of traverse guidance, degrees||±180|
|Direction of a machine-gun feed||right|
|Method of guidance||manual|
The onboard Paket anti-submarine system provides self-defence for the vessel against enemy submarines and torpedoes.
Paket-E/NK system (2 x launchers, 8 x torpedoes)
The Paket-E/NK small-sized anti-submarine system with anti-torpedo is designed:
– to engage (destroy) submarines in ship’s close-in zone (when carrying out submarine warfare tasks)
– to destroy torpedoes, attacking the ship (when carrying out anti-torpedo defence tasks)
The complete set of the Paket-E/NK comprises:
– Paket-E control system
– rotating or fixed launching units
– Paket-AE specialized target designation sonar
– combat modules mounted on the launchin unit
Depending on missions assigned to the surface ship, its launching units can house combat modules armed with different combinations of small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes and/or anti-torpedoes, both in nomenclature and in quantity.
The small-sized heat-seeking torpedo is designed to engage enemy submarines, and the anti-torpedo is designed to intercept and destroy attacking torpedoes. Both are housed in unified transport-launch containers.
The Paket-E/NK system can operate independently or be integrated into ship’s antisubmarine/anti-torpedo defence system, solving a number of tasks in fully automatic or automated modes, such as:
– generation of target designation data for small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes, based on data, provided by ship’s sonar systems and posts
– detection and classification of attacking torpedoes, determination of their movement parameters, and generation of target designation data for anti-torpedoes
– pre-launch preparation of combat modules, generation and transfer of firing data to them, launching of anti-torpedoes and/or small-sized heat-seeking torpedoes
– launching units control
The Paket-E/NK system is a radically new weapon system, allowing surface ships to solve ASW/anti-torpedo defence tasks with high effectiveness, and to increase substantially their survivability.
The delivery set of the Paket-E/NK small-sized antisubmarine/anti-torpedo system is customer-defined.
An automated testing and trouble-shooting system can be delivered for combat modules operational support. Source ktrv.ru
EW Suite: TK-25E-5 ECM
TK-25E-5 ECM system is designed to inter-cept emissions of airborne and shipborne tar-get acquisition radars, weapons control radarsand anti-ship missile radar seekers, to performautomatic signal classification, todeterminemost dangerous approaches of attacks againstthe ship, and to provide jamming in threatdirections.TK-25E-5’s configuration dependson carri-er-ship type and displacement. Source scribd.com
ELINT w/ OTH Targeting
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 926 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Early 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|TK-25-2 ESM – ESM
Role: ELINT w/ OTH Targeting
Max Range: 926 km
Laser Warning Receiver
|Type: ESM||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 11.1 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Early 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|TK-25-2 LWR – ESM
Role: LWR, Laser Warning Receiver
Max Range: 11.1 km
Countermeasures: 4 x PK-10 decoy launchers
These rockets are designed to protect small, medium and large displacement ships against guided weapons at close ranges by setting up distracting decoy targets. The rockets are launched from the KT-216 launcher of the PK-10 shipboard system.
The following three types of the caliber rockets are developed and series produced:
- SR-50 radar jamming rocket;
- SO-50 optronic jamming rocket;
- SK-50 combined jamming rocket.
|Payload type||chaff||IR, laser||chaff, IR, laser|
|Operating temperature range, ° C||from -40 to +50|
The Gremyashchy-class corvette is powered by two 1DDA 12000 marine diesel-diesel units, each consisting of two 16D49 diesel engines and reverse gear block. Developed by PJSC Kolomensky Zavod, the DDA-12000 unit generates an output power of 12,000hp.
The vessel is further fitted with two five-blade fixed-pitch propellers driven by the diesel engines through two shafts.
6D49 diesel engine
|Type diesel / diesel generator (with a diesel engine modification 16CHN26 / 26)||Purpose and scope||Range
Ne kW (hp)
|Specific fuel consumption by ISO 3046-1 g / kWh
(G / hp-hr)
|Specific oil consumption by ISO 3046-1
g / kWh
(G / hp-hr)
|diesel generator Weight, kg||Dimensions, mm|
|16D49||Main marine diesel engines to operate on a fixed-pitch propeller through a reverse reduction gear as part of diesel diesel generator 1DDA 12000||4412 (6000)||1100||199 (146.3)||1.01 (0.74)||26000 *||5280||2210||3500|
DDA 12000 marine diesel-diesel unit
Each DDA consists of two diesel engines 16D49 and reverse gear unit. Feature of the DDA is to provide for bi-directional high capacity at a low cost of fuel and oil. It is equipped with advanced microprocessor control system and control of key parameters work.
Automated diesel DDA12000 diesel unit is designed to operate on fixed-pitch propeller. DDA12000 equipped with two modern diesels 16D49 capacity of 6000 liters. s. Each has a two-speed reduction gear, which provides joint and separate work diesels with sound-insulating composite clutch, the local system management, protection and control, built on a microprocessor. The microprocessor control enables balancing the load on the diesel engines, to carry out the reverse mode on and off, if necessary, one of the diesels. Each of the diesel engine is equipped with a new original register turbocharging, providing increased power for maneuvering modes. source survincity.com
Two DDA 12000 marine diesel-diesel units
4 diesel and 2 reducers Interview with chief designer of factory “Kolomna” Valery Ryzhoviesel mod 16D49 6000 hp AC and gearboxes / reverse RDD-12000 (set up)
Gremyashchy-class multi-purpose corvettes performance
The Gremyashchy-class corvettes have a speed of 27kt and a cruising range of 3,500mi. They are capable of performing missions for up to 15 days.
The ship’s bulbous bow offers increased speed and fuel efficiency by reducing the drag.
|Kamov Ka-27PL ‘Helix-A’|
|Country of origin||Soviet Union|
|Dimensions and weight|
|Main rotor diameter||15.9 m|
|Weight (empty)||6.1 t|
|Weight (maximum take off)||12.6 t|
|Engines and performance|
|Engines||2 x Klimov TV3-117V turboshaft engines|
|Engine power||2 x 2 190 hp|
|Maximum speed||250 km/h|
|Cruising speed||230 km/h|
|Service ceiling||5 km|
|Maximum payload||5 t|
|Torpedoes||4 x APR-2E homing torpedoes|
|Bombs||4 x groups of S3V guided anti-submarine bombs in place of torpedoes|
Ka-27 specification military-today.com
General characteristics – Project 20380
|Full load:||2100 (Project 20385 – 2300)|
|Length:||111,6 (Project20385 – 115,1)|
|Draft:||3,7 (max – 5)|
|Range:||4000 nmi (14 knots)|
|Propulsion:||2×11660 hp 1DDA-12000 diesels, 2 fixed pitch propellers (Project 20385 – 2 variable pitch propellers), 4×630 kW ADG-630K diesel generators|
|Armament:||2×4 KT-184 3K24 «Uran» anti-ship missile complex launchers (3M24 missiles, then 3M24UD) (Project 20385 – 1×8 3S14-20385 UKSK 3K14 vertical launchers («Kalibr-NK» guided missile complex))
3×4 SAM system 3K96-3 «Redut» launchers (32 9M96 or 9M96D missiles or 48 9M100 missiles) (№1001 – 1 3M87-1 «Kortik-M» CIWS module – 8 SAM launchers, 2×6 30 mm (64 9M311 missiles, 12000 rounds)), Project 20385 – 4x43S97 SAM system 3K96 «Redut» vertical launchers (16 9M96 or 9M96D missiles or 64 9M100 missiles))
SAM system 9K38 «Igla» » (8 9M39 missiles)
1×1 100 mm A-190-01 – 5P-10-02 «Puma-02» fire control system (Project 20385 – without fire control system)
2×6 30 mm AK-630M-6 – MR-123-02 «Sfera» fire control system
1×1 45 mm 21KM – on Boikiy
2 14,5 mm
2×4 330 mm SM-588 «Paket-NK» launchers (8 MTT torpedoes, M-15 anti-torpedoes)
2×2 45 mm DP-64 grenade launchers (240 SG-45, FG-45 grenades)
1 Ka-27 helicopter
|Electronics:||5P-20K-A «Monument-A» radar complex, 5P-27M «Furke-2» air/surface search radar, 2 «Sandal-V» radars, 2 MR-231-2 navigational radars, MR-231 navigation radar, MR-231-2 navigation radar, «PAL-N» navigation radar, TK-25-2 ESM radar system, 3 «Parol`» IFF, MTK-201M optical television system, «Zarya-2» sonar complex, «Minotavr-ISPN-M» sonar, «Anapa» GISZ, R-779-16 «Ruberoid» communication complex, «Chardal-20380» complex, MG-757 “Anapa-M” anti-saboteur sonar, «Sigma-20380» combat information system
PK-10 «Smely» decoy RL (4 KT-216 launchers) – 80 AZ-SO-50, AZ-SR-50, AZ-SOM-50, AZ-SK-50, AZ-SMZ-50 rounds (Project 20385 – «Prosvet-M» complex (KT-308 launcher))
|Complement:||99 (14 officers)|
Project 20380 source russianships.info
Main material source naval-technology.com
Revised May 08, 2017
Updated Jul 22, 2017