Daily Archives: May 18, 2016

DSME lays keel for Thailand’s first multipurpose frigate

18 May 2016

South Korean shipbuilder, Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME), has held a keel-laying ceremony for a multipurpose frigate on order for the Royal Thai Navy (RTN).

The ceremony was held on 16 May at DSME’s shipyard in Okpo, the RTN public affairs division announced via an official social media channel the next day.

The vessel was signed under a THB14.6 billion (USD410 million) contract inked between the RTN and DSME in August 2013. The platform is based on a modernised derivative of the Kwanggaeto Daewang (KDX-1) destroyer in service with the Republic of Korea Navy.

According to an IHS Jane’s report from August 2013, the ship will displace 3,650 tonnes, and will be 122.5 m long and 14.4 m wide when complete.

Original psot janes.com


Keel Laying Ceremony of Royal Thailand Navy's DWH300H Frigate 1Keel Laying Ceremony of Royal Thailand Navy's DWH300H Frigate 2Images @ Asean Defence News

RTN DW-3000F Frigate: HERE

Khareef Class Corvettes, Oman

The Khareef Class corvettes are being built by BAE Systems for the Royal Navy of Oman (RNO) under Project Khareef.

Equipped with anti-air and anti-surface capabilities, Khareef Class can defend from both surface and air threats while protecting the international waters and Oman’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

The corvettes are used in extended surveillance patrols, deterrent operations, search and rescue missions, joint and coalition operations as well as disaster relief roles.

In January 2007, the RNO placed a £400m ($650m) order for the design and construction of three corvettes. The contract also includes the training of RNO crew and initial logistics support for the vessels.

Image @maritimephotographic.co.uk

The first ship in the class, Al Shamikh, was launched in July 2009 and delivered to the RNO in June 2013.

Al Rahmani, the second ship, was named and launched in July 2010, and delivered to the RNO in October 2013.

The final ship Al Rasikh was launched in June 2011 and delivered to the RNO by May 2014.

Ship Date Launched Date Commissioned Notes
Al-Shamikh 22 July 2009 (IA 2013) (In active service)
Al-Rahmani 23 July 2010   (In active service)
Al-Rasikh 27 June 2011   (In active service)

Table wikipedia.org

Design and features of Khareef corvettes

Khareef Class corvette @wrightys-warships.com

The modular design supported by a comprehensive weapons management system allows customers to integrate equipment and systems for specific mission requirements.

The hull is incorporated with stealthy features for reduced radar signature.

The vessel was designed to operate in high seas for a longer time period.

The corvette has a length of 99m, a beam of 14.6m and a draft of 4.1m. Displacement of the ship is 2,660t. The vessel can complement a crew of 100 people.

Image @livejournal.com

Command and control systems on the Khareef Class corvettes

The command and control of the corvette is based on the TACTICOS combat management system (CMS).

TACTICOS combat management system (CMS)

Thales Nederland was contracted to supply radar, the electronic support measure (ESM) system, combat management and communication equipment for three vessels in September 2007.

Using the commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware and operating systems, the TACTICOS CMS provides surveillance and picture compilation based on the information obtained from the on-board sensors and tactical data links.

The system supports the anti-air, anti-surface, anti-submarine and electronic warfare by providing threat evaluation, sensor and weapon assignment, and kill assessment. The Sting electro-optic director from Thales Nederland provides weapons control.

Sting electro-optic director


Functional Aspects

STING-EO Mk2 with its lightweight director is suitable for installation in naval vessels of any size. A high level of automation ensures fast and accurate performance combined with a low workload.

STING-EO Mk2 provides automatic target acquisition through I-band on remote 1D, 2D or 3D designation; subsequent I/Kband tracking is performed automatically.

In addition, STING-EO Mk2 offers optronic track capability. Target data can be derived simultaneously from radar and optronics.

Automatic best data source selection (I/K) ensures optimal track accuracies supported by TV/IR camera tracking and laser range finding.

Under control of a command and control system, STING-EO Mk2 offers support functions such as sector search (with automatic target detection), missile launch detection, projectile position measuring during gun fire and kill assessment support. Facilities for calibration, tilt and alignment corrections are also provided.

Extensive built-in test facilities support both operator and maintainer.

Technical Data

Antenna type : Cassegrain with I- and K-band
monopulse cluster
Diameter antenna : 1.2 m
Beamwidth : I-band : 2°
                       : K-band : 0.5°

Director drives
Train movement : Unlimited
Elevation : -30 to 120° (ref. ship’s deck)
– Training : 2,7 rad/s
– Elevation : 2.5 rad/s

Transmitter type : Solid State
Instrumented range
– I-band : 120 km
– K-band : 36 km


Khareef missiles

The Khareef Class is armed with MM40 Exocet Block 3 surface-to-surface missiles and vertically launched Mica surface-to-air missile system supplied by MBDA. The MM40 Block 3 can engage targets within a range of 180km.

MM40 Exocet Block 3 surface-to-surface missiles

exocet-mm40-block-3MM40 Exocet Block 3 surface-to-surface missiles

The MM40 Block 3 is the latest, and extremely advanced, Exocet derivative featuring added coastal attack capability, while enhances the proven long range anti-ship capability of the MM40 missile.
A new propulsion system will be provided to the Block 3 missile to extend its operational range out to 180 km. Block 3 missiles will be fully compliant with evolving vertical launch requirements.
Block 3’s new airframe will feature reduced radar (RCS) and Infrared (IR) signatures as well as enhanced maneuverability allowing flight stealth conditions for increased survivability. The guidance package will combine GPS/INS and a new J-band seeker providing new attack profiles and reduced jam vulnerability. The Block 3 will be armed with a new warhead to better adapt to the coastal attack role.

The new MM40 Block 3 missile will be available in 2006. MBDA is marketing the Block 3 as an upgrade kit for retrofitting to existing MM40 missiles. The French Navy intends to upgrade currently deployed Exocet MM40 Block 2 missiles to the Block 3 standard. Source deagel.com

mistralnavalExocet MM40 launcher/containers

Mica surface-to-air missile system

Description Of The VL MICA System

The Vertical Launch (VL) MICA system is a short range surface-to-air system which uses the MICA missile, and is available with two ultra-modern seekers : electromagnetic (EM) and infra-red (IR). It can be used in the most severe electronic or IR countermeasure environments with a very high probability of target hit. It has a superior interception range of around 10 kilometres against moving targets, and an altitude range of up to 33,000 feet (10,000 metres).

The VL MICA offers a real multiple target engagement capability (“fire-and-forget”, all weather) against all types of targets (fast jets, helicopters, missiles, guided weapons… )

In the naval self-defence version, the basic configuration of the VL MICA system includes 8 MICA munitions and a launch sequencer.

The VL MICA is designed for installation on ships of low tonnage, and has the advantages of compactness and easy integration with naval combat systems. Source defense-aerospace.com

Oto-Melara / Oto-Breda 76/62SR 76mm Super Rapid gun

4461b368a58ebcb3149fa696838a45e6Oto Melara 76/62mm super rapid gun

Technical data:
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Traverse: 360°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition

– Compact
– Super Rapid
– Stealth casing
– DAVIDE/STRALES radio frequency guidance system for DART guided ammunition

HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)
MOM (multi-role OTO munition)
PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition
SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km
SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km
DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets
(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km
VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development

Oto-Melara / Oto-Breda 76/62SR 76mm data seaforces.org

MSI DS30M 30mm guns

2 x MSI DS30M 30mm guns @msi-dsl.com

The 30mm DS30M Mark 2 is a ship-protection system made by MSI-Defence Systems consisting of a 30mm Mark 44 Bushmaster II cannon on an automated mount. It was designed to defend Royal Navy frigates from fast inshore attack craft armed with short-range missiles, rockets, rocket-propelled grenades, heavy machine guns or explosives. It replaced in this role the 30mm Oerlikon KCB gun on the DS30B, a similar powered mounting. The DS30M has also been added to patrol boats and corvettes for the Iraqi and Omani navies respectively. Source wikipedia.org

The main gun fitted forward is an Oto Melara 76/62mm super rapid gun. The gun has a rate of fire of 120 rounds a minute. The corvettes are also armed with two MSI DS30M 30mm guns.

Radars aboard the RNO craft

The SMART-S Mk2 3D multibeam radar operating in S-band provides medium-to-long-range surveillance and target designation. It acts as a main air and surface search radar in the single radar concept implemented for a range of naval ships including light frigates, corvettes and landing platform docks (LPD).

SMART-S Mk2 3D multibeam radar

05-03-2007_THALES SMART-SSMART-S Mk2 3D multibeam radar

Operational performance

Air targets

250 km

Surface targets

40 / 80 km

Minimum range

150 m

Air / Surface

750 tracks

FC surface

3 windows

Azimuth coverage


Elevation accuracy

< 10 mrad

Azimuth accuracy

< 5 mrad

Range accuracy

< 15 m
Technical Characteristics

Rotation speed

13,5 & 27 RPM

Elevation coverage

Up to 70°

Frequency band


Update rate

2.2 / 4.4 sec.

IFF antenna (Mode S and 5 compliant)



Approximately 2°


> 2000 hours




Solid-state transmitter

SMART-S Mk2 3D data Thales Nederland B.V.

Countermeasure technology

Khareef Class is equipped with Thales Vigile 400 ESM (electronic support measures) system.

Thales Vigile 400 ESM (electronic support measures) system


  • 2 – 18 GHz instantaneous frequency coverage
  • 360° instantaneous Direction Finding
  • Measures all radars with 100% POI
  • Pulse-to-Pulse record & replay for ELINTpurposes
  • Multipath and reflection processing
  • Surface and land-based versions
  • Modern COTS-based design for high reliability
  • Advanced signal measurement and analysis
  • Sensitive search mode, to detect FM/CW LPI radar


  • – 60 dBmi automatic wideband processing sensitivity over the entire frequency band
  • Increased sensitivity through tunable superhet receiver in the 2 – 18 GHz band
  • 1° RMS amplitude DF accuracy
  • No-blind polarization


  • Pulse-to-Pulse parameter measurement
  • PDW pre-processing for high duty cycle signal environments
  • 1 million Pulse Per Second (PPS), pulse density
  • Up to 12,000 emitter mode threat library capacity
  • 500 maximum simultaneous targets
  • < 1 second reaction time
  • Wide-band MMIC phasemeter
  • Fine Grain Analysis of intrapulse and interpulse characteristics for improved ELINT


  • Operation from dedicated workstation or CMS multifunction console
  • Comprehensive library management tools
  • Comprehensive ELINT analysis tool box
  • Automatic diagnosis by BITE
  • Flexible displays for tactical and ELINT analysis


  • Frequency extension (0.5 – 2 GHz) with processing of radar signal in dense environment (CW and GSM signals)
  • Full combat system integration
  • System controller for R-ECM, DLS
  • Integration with C-ESM

Thales Vigile 400 ESM data Thales Nederland B.V.

The system can be fully integrated into the onboard combat management system.

The soft-kill defence is provided by Rheinmetall multi-ammunition soft-kill system (MASS).

Rheinmetall multi-ammunition soft-kill system (MASS)

The automatic decoy system MASS provides a unique level of protection against modern sensor-guided missiles. MASS can be installed on ships of all types and can be integrated into existing command systems. The new MASS_ISS features built-in sensors for detecting radar and laser threats. Programmable and omni-spectral, the system’s innovative ammunition provides protection in all relevant wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum.  Source rheinmetall-defence.com

The system can lure incoming modern sensor-guided missiles by firing decoy rounds.

Aircraft landing space

The corvette has a flight deck to support the operations of a medium sized aircraft. The helideck can accommodate a helicopter with a maximum weight of 12t. The ship is equipped with hangar and maintenance facilities for the embarked helicopter.

Propulsion and power

Khareef Class is powered by two MTU diesel engines. Designed to deliver fuel efficiency and low whole life costs, the propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 25kts, a range of 4,500m and an endurance of 21 days.

Rolls-Royce was contracted to supply controllable pitch propellers, gensets, electric equipment and steering gear for three ships.

Accommodation on the Khareef Class corvettes

The Khareef Class corvettes are equipped with high-quality accommodation and recreational facilities for crew members.

The ship has dedicated areas for each officer and rating. Joint force command staff are provided with additional living areas.

Main material source naval-technology.com

Class overview
Name: Khareef class
Builders: BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships
Operators:  Oman
Planned: 3
Completed: 3
Active: 3
General characteristics 
Class and type: Corvette
Displacement: 2,660 tonnes
Length: 99 m (325 ft)
Beam: 14.6 m (48 ft)
Draught: 4.1 m (13 ft)
Propulsion: Two MTU diesel engines
Speed: 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: 4,500 nmi (8,300 km; 5,200 mi)
Endurance: 21 days
Complement: 100
Sensors and
processing systems:
·SMART-S Mk2 3D S-band multibeam radar

·TACTICOS combat management system

·Thales Nederland Sting electro-optic weapons director

Armament: ·1 × 76 mm Oto Melara cannon

·2 × 30mm MSI DS30M 30 mm cannon

·8 × MM-40 Block III Exocet SSM

·12 × MBDA VL Mica SAM

Aircraft carried: 1 x medium helicopter
Aviation facilities: Enclosed hangar

Data wikipedia.org

Note: There is very little info on this ship

India in talks with African countries for export of indigenous light combat helicopters

  May 18, 2016 08:55 IST

New Delhi: India is in talks with “certain” countries in Africa for possible export of the indigenous Light Combat Helicopters even as the Defence Ministry has set a target of USD 2 billion worth of exports over the next two years.

The weapons trial of the LCH is planned in July-August this year. While the Army has placed an order for 114 LCH with state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, the IAF has ordered 65.

The successful demonstration of the LCH in firing 70 mm rockets was conducted during the Iron Fist exercise of the IAF held recently.

The certification trials with integration of mission sensors such as electro optical system, helmet pointing system and weapon system like air to air missiles, turret gun and rockets are planned between July and August this year.

“We are in talks with certain countries in Africa who have evinced interest in the LCH. With great value for money, the helicopter is an attractive buy for many countries,” a senior defence official said.

Asked why the countries would be interested in a chopper which is yet to get final certification, the official said, “The certification is a formal process. The countries interested in the LCH in the current form do not need high features like air to air missiles. For them turret gun along with some other features work.”

LCH is a 5.5-tonne class combat helicopter designed and developed by HAL.

Its features include sleek and narrow fuselage, tri-cycle crash worthy landing gear, crash worthy and self-sealing fuel tanks, armour protection, nuclear and low visibility features which makes the LCH lethal, agile and survivable.

Designed for anti-tank and anti-infantry roles with a maximum speed of 275 kilometers per hour, the LCH is also capable of high-altitude warfare since its operational ceiling will be 16,000 to 18,000 feet.

Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar had on 14 May said government is pushing for defence exports and plans to export Tejas fighter aircraft as well.

“I know it is not easy. Weapons and export of defence goods have double problems. One is whom you are exporting to and the second is one has to go on checking all international requirements,” he had said.

Explaining that push for exports has started showing results, Parrikar said, “From a meager 140-150 million dollars, this year, I think we have crossed 330 odd million dollars. We have doubled the export. I have set a target for myself. In the next two years, why not touch USD 2 billion. It is not an impossible target.

Source firstpost.com


See details of LCH: HERE


Turkish military set to use national infantry rifle MPT-76

Published17 hours ago

Turkey is all set to use its own locally-produced infantry service rifle called the MPT-76, which began mass production last year, officials with the Turkish corporation manufacturing the product told Anadolu Agency during an exclusive tour.

The MPT-76, which is an acronym for the Turkish words for “national infantry rifle”, is designed and produced by the government-owned Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation, also known as the MKEK.

The corporation’s motto for the MPT-76 is that it is as “effective as the G-3, reliable as the AK-47 and practical as M-16.”

Anadolu Agency was given an opportunity to photograph the first batch of MPT-76 during a tour of MKEK’s mass production facilities in central Kirikkale province Thursday.

Turkish military set to use national infantry rifle MPT-76

The project phase of Turkey’s first indigenous infantry service rifle was finalized on May 5, 2014 after the MPT-76 successfully completed over 50 test rounds; the overall number of bullets used to test the product has reached 1.1 million.

The rifle’s efficient range extends up to 600 meters, with an ability to fire 600 bullets per minute. The muzzle velocity of the bullets is 800 meters per second and the rifle’s capabilities can be expanded further by adding night-vision telescopes.

Turkish army has been so far using the U.S.-made G-3 rifles and Russian-made AK-47 for its military service rifle needs. Turkey is currently the second-largest NATO army with over 600,000 soldiers.

With the production of its new high-quality rifles, Turkey aims to reduce its dependence on foreign weapon manufacturers, which currently restrict MKEK to even make small improvements on their products without getting their consent first.

The MPT-76 is also expected to save large sums of money and become a stepping stone for further development of other tactical weapons, MKEK officials, who did not wish to be named because of restrictions on talking to the media, said.

Source dailysabah.com


MKEK MPT-76 Mehmetçik-2 automatic rifle (Turkey)

Image @janes.com
Caliber 7.62×51 NATO
Action Gas operated
Length, mm 920
Barrel length, mm 410
Weight, kg 4.1
Rate of fire, rounds/minute 650
Magazine capacity, rounds 20

MKEK MPT-76 rifle is gas operated, select-fire weapon. It uses short stroke gas piston, located above the barrel, and AR-10/Ar-15 style rotary bolt, bolt carrier and return spring system. Aluminum alloy receiver also is based on AR-10/AR-15 design, with upper and lower halves being connected by two captive cross-pins. Rifle features M16-style charging handle, ambidextrous magazine release, bolt hold-open release and safety / fire selector controls. Ammunition is fed from 20-round box magazines, made from translucent polymer. Rifle is equipped with telescoping, adjustable shoulder stock. Front sight is mounted on the gas block and features folding base. Integral Picatinny rail on top of the receiver can hosts aperture-type rear sight (fully adjustable for range and windage), as well as quick-detachable carrying handle with “see-through” channel for standard iron sights plus its own set of iron sights for short-range applications (with U-shaped notch rear sight), built into the top of the handle.  Carrying handle can be easily replaced with any type of red-dot, telescope or night sight with appropriate mountings. Additional Picatinny rails on the forend permit mounting of various accessories. Knife-bayonet may be attached for the barrel, if required. Source world.guns.ru

Image @world.guns.ru

Thai government proposes small increase in defence spending


17 May 2016

Thailand’s military government has proposed a 2017 defence budget of THB214 billion (USD6 billion), a nominal increase of 3% over military spending in 2016.

The proposed budget represents around 1.5% of GDP and 8% of the total government expenditure during the year.

While the defence spending proportion has remained relatively constant in recent years, the 2017 budget increase is the lowest since the government came to power following the military coup in May 2014.

Nominal defence spending increases in 2015 and 2016 were 5% and 7% respectively. The decline in growth in 2017 can be attributed to the country’s sluggish economy.

Source janes.com


It is below projected estimated increase projected by CSIS

Thailand’s military expenditure from 2005-2016 in millions of current U.S. dollars. Note that 2016 spending is projected based on a budget proposed in April 2015. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.

See details of S.E. Asia’s Military Expenditures 2015: HERE

Thailand draft budget for 2015 @asiancorrespondent.commil_spending