Daily Archives: May 15, 2016

MM38 / AM39 / SM39 / MM40 Exocet anti ship missile

The Exocet (French for “flying fish”) is a French anti-ship missile developed in the 1970s. While lacking in warhead size and range, this battle-tested missile is still in production. The Exocet is cheap, effective, and can be launched from submarines, ships, and aircraft.

Development began in the 1970s. The original goal was to create a surface-to-surface anti-ship missile for use on warships. Since then, versions for submarine and aircraft usage have emerged.

This missile is an internally guided weapon. When it is about 12-15 kilometers from the target, it begins to utilize its active radar. The Exocet has a solid-fuel rocket motor. It can reach a top speed of Mach 0.9 (1 130 km/h).

The main advantage of the Exocet is its low flight altitude (generally 1-2 meters above the water). Due to this low altitude, this sea-skimming missile can often avoid detection until it is about 6 000 meters from the target, which leaves little time for launching surface-to-air missiles. Consequently, this missile has a good hit probability.

The Exocet is primarily useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes due to its small warhead size.

To date, about 4 000 Exocets have been produced and only by the French company Aerospatiale (now part of MBDA).

Unlike some anti-ship missiles, the Exocet has been heavily tested in combat. In the 1982 Falkland Islands War between the United Kingdom and Argentina, Argentina used Exocet missiles extensively. They succeeded in damaging the HMS Sheffield, Atlantic Conveyor, and HMS Glamorgan. The Exocet was also heavily used in the Iran-Iraq War. It gained international notoriety when an Iraqi Mirage F1 pilot shot two Exocet missiles at the USS Stark, heavily damaging it. Source military-today.com

Exocet at a Glance

Originated From: France
Possessed By: Numerous (see table below)
Class: Anti-ship Cruise Missile
Basing: Sea/Air/Ground/Submarine
Length: 4.69- 5.95 m
Diameter: 350 mm
Launch Weight: 655-870 kg
Payload: Single warhead
Warhead: 165 kg HE fragmentation or semi-armor piercing
Propulsion: Solid fueled (MM40 Block 3 uses a Microturbo TRI 40 turbojet)
Range: 40-180 km
Status: Operational
In Service: 1975

Exocet MM38

The original Exocet missile, the ship-launched MM38, was developed in 1967 and entered into service in 1975. The MM38 is a solid-propellant missile with a range of 40 km. It is 5.21 m long, with a body diameter of 0.35, and a launch weight of 735 kg with a 165 kg payload. The MM38 has an inertial navigation system, an active radar seeker, and is equipped with a high explosive fragmentation warhead. Production on the MM38 was discontinued in 2002. 4

Exocet MM40

The MM40 missile is an upgraded version of the MM38 that began development in 1976. It is 5. 8 m long, allowing for the missile to carry the additional propellant needed to achieve an increased range of 70 km. The MM40 has a body diameter of 350 mm and a launch weight of 870 kg. MM40 Block 2 missiles are equipped with upgraded inertial navigation and control systems that allow them to fly 2-3 m altitude, differentiate between several targets, and are capable of preforming preprogrammed maneuvers. 5 The MM40 has an inertial navigation system, an active radar seeker, and is equipped with a high explosive fragmentation warhead. The MM40 remains in service as well as continued production.

Exocet SM39

The SM39 is the sub-launched variant of the Exocet missile family and has a range of 50 km. It has a length of 4.69 m and a diameter of 350 mm. Alone, the missile itself weighs 655 kg, but the weight increases to 1,345 kg when combined with the VSM (Vehicule Sous-Marin) container launch module. Although the VSM is necessary for launch, the missile separates from the container at a low altitude after breaking surface. The missile maintains a sea-skimming level while using an internal navigation system and autonomous terminal guidance in pursuit of the target. 6

Exocet AM39


Production on the AM39, the air-launched variant in the Exocet family, began in 1974 and the missile entered service in 1979. Weighing 670 kg with a length of 4.69 m and a diameter of 350 mm, the AM39 can have a range between 50-70 km depending on the speed and altitude of the carrying aircraft. Updates to the AM39 include an updated laser gyro inertial system (INS), improved digital computing in the active radar seeker, updates to the sea-skimming altitude control, guidance and control systems, and evasive capabilities such as the ability to maneuver in the terminal phase 7The AM39 is operational as well as under continued production.

Exocet MM40 Block 3


The MM40 Block 3 missile, complete with a Microturbo TRI 40 turbojet engine, began development 2004 and was first tested from a ship in 2010. 8 Improvements to the MM40 Block 3 include internal navigation and GPS upgrades. These updates, combined with a frequency modulated continuous wave radar altimeter, allows for control of the missile’s altitude over various types of terrain. This missile is armed with a 160 kg high explosive/semi-armour piercing warhead and an active radar terminal seeker 9 Additional upgrades include increased evasive capabilities such as the ability to make a 180 degree turn post-launch, allowing the MM40 to evade defense missile systems. These upgraded missiles will be both ship- and ground-launched and will be deployed first onto Forbin (Horizon)-class destroyers and then to La Fayette-class frigates. 10  Source missilethreat.csis.org

Video: French Navy Horizon Class Destroyer Forbin Launches an MM40 Exocet Anti-ship Missile

Saturday, 14 May 2016 06:18

French Navy’s Horizon-class AAW Destroyer Forbin (classified as “Frigate” in the French Navy) succesfully test-fired an MM40 Blk II anti-ship missile, the French Navy (Marine Nationale) announced. The test took place on May 9th in the Mediterranean Sea

French Navy's Horizon-class AAW Destroyer Forbin (classified as "Frigate" in the French Navy) succesfully test-fired an MM40 Blk II anti-ship missile, the French Navy (Marine Nationale) announced. The test took place on May 9th in the Mediterranean Sea.An MBDA-made MM40 Block II Exocet anti-ship missile is launched from the Horizon-class Destroyer Forbin. Picture: French Navy

According to the French Navy, the goal of the test was to train the crew in anti-surface warfare (ASUW) for an upcomming operational deployment.

The French Navy describes the MM40 Block II as an “over the horizon” missile. It is the main ASUW weapon on board the Cassard class (F70AA), Leygues class (F70 ASM), and Lafayette class frigates.

Main specifications of the missile:
Length : 5,20 m
Diameter : 0,35 m
Weight : 735 kg
Warhead : 165 kg
Speed : Mach 1
Range : 70 km

Exocet, in production since 1972, was the West’s first long range anti-ship missile with “fire and forget” and sea-skimming flight capabilities. Since entering service in 1972, 3,600 EXOCET missiles, in all configurations, have been sold to 35 countries.

The MM40 Block II onboard Horizon class destroyers will ultimatly be replaced by the newer Block III version currently under production by MBDA. The Block III features many improvements: It is fitted with a booster and has a significantly extended operational range making it a 200 km class weapon and features open ocean, littoral and coastal land attack capabilities. The new Block III is compatible with Block II launchers

The Horizon-class destroyers were built under the Horizon programme to meet a joint requirement for four anti-air warfare destroyers with a displacement of approximately 7,000 tonnes (two for the French Navy and two for the Italian Navy). The programme was a multinational collaboration between France and Italy. The primary weapon system was developed and produced in partnership with the UK.

Horizon-class destroyers are equipped with the Principal Anti Air Missile System (PAAMS), a joint French/Italian/British programme for a naval anti-aircraft weapon. Both vessels have been deployed during Operation Harmattan. Off the coast of Libya, they have ensured the protection of naval groups around the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and Tonnerre and Mistral LHDs. They also conducted coastal fire support operations and coordinated the air activity for the coalition operating off the coast of Libya.

French Navy's Horizon-class AAW Destroyer Forbin (classified as "Frigate" in the French Navy) succesfully test-fired an MM40 Blk II anti-ship missile, the French Navy (Marine Nationale) announced. The test took place on May 9th in the Mediterranean Sea.The French Navy destroyer FS Forbin (D620) in the Arabian Sea
(U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Rafael Figueroa Medina/Released)

Original post navyrecognition.com

Horizon-class destroyer: Details

Revised Feb 08, 2020

BAE Systems, Czech company team for CV90 contract

 Systems and a Czech company have teamed in a bid to secure a contract for CV90 infantry fighting vehicles.

By Richard Tomkins   |   May 12, 2016 at 12:20 PM
BAE Systems has teamed with Czech company VOP CZ in a contract bid for CV90 vehicles. Photo courtesy BAE Systems

LONDON, May 12 (UPI) — BAE Systems and VOP CZ have partnered in a contract bid to replace the Czech Republic’s BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle with BAE’s CV90.

The teaming offers the prospect of long-term industrial cooperation that will benefit VOP CZ and the Czech defense industry, BAE Systems said.

“BAE Systems is committed to building a strong working partnership with VOP CZ and Czech industry,” said Tommy Gustafsson-Rask, president of BAE Systems Hagglunds. “The agreement with VOP CZ will create a strong team to support the Czech Armed Forces for many years ahead.”

The CV90 carries eight soldiers in addition to its three-person crew and is armed with a cannon, machine gun and grenade launcher. It has a speed of about 43 miles per hour and an operational range of nearly 199 miles.

BAE Systems is the design authority and manufacturing lead for the CV90, one of the most modern IFVs on the market and currently in production.

VOP CZ specializes in integrating and supplying modern defense equipment and systems to the Czech military.

“The partnership with BAE Systems is a great opportunity for cooperation with one of the biggest defense companies worldwide,” Marek Spok, managing director of VOP CZ, said. “VOP CZ offers the highest level of technology, development and production capacity for this project so we are well positioned to fulfil the needs of the Czech Army.”

Original post upi.com


VOP CZ wbsite: HERE

See details of CV 90 120T: HERE


The CV 90 has a welded steel armor hull. It is claimed that the front arc of the CV 90 withstands 30-mm armor-piercing rounds, used by the older Russian IFVs and ACVs. All-round protection is against 14.5-mm armor-piercing rounds. Latest versions of the CV90 withstand mine blasts equivalent to 10 kg of TNT. Appliqué ceramic armor can be added to later production models for all-round protection against 30-mm armor-piercing rounds and improved protection against improvised explosive devices. A slat armor can be fitted for protection against tandem-charge RPG rounds. Interior of the CV90 is lined with Kevlar liner to prevent spalling. Vehicle is also fitted with NBC protection system.

Entered service 1993
Crew 3 men
Personnel 8 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 22.4 t
Length 6.47 m
Width 3.1 m
Height 2.5 m
Main gun 40-mm cannon
Machine guns 1 x 7.62-mm
Engine Scania DS14 diesel
Engine power 550 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 5 km/h
Range 300 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 1.2 m
Trench 2.9 m
Fording 1.4 m
Fording (after preparation) Amphibious

Source military-today.com