Daily Archives: May 10, 2016

RS-28 Sarmat SS-X-30 Satan II

Sarmat Development

Designed as part of Russia’s nuclear modernization effort in order to replace the aging SS-18 Satan ICBM force. The Sarmat was first flight tested in 2016. The missile is expected to enter active service in 2018, with all 50 missiles current on order fielded by 2020. The Sarmat is similar to its predecessor in appearance and function, but will use upgraded electronics and guidance systems, warhead options, and countermeasures.1

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.08-18-14-37Самое актуальное – YouTube

R-36M / SS-18 SATAN I Intercontinental ballistic missile: Details

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.08-18-21-05Оружие. Клуб настоящих мужиков – YouTube

In addition to some capability enhancements, the RS-28 aimed at overcoming obsolescence issues facing much of the Russian ICBM fleet. According to Robert Kelley, a former Department of Energy nuclear weapons expert, “Your iPhone can do thousands of more things than in the 1970s when these systems (the Satan) were first deployed.

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.08-18-15-30Самое актуальное – YouTube

Many of the clunky electronic circuits of that era no longer exist and nobody knows how to make them anymore… the reliability, flexibility, and confidence in the warheads ability to hit their targets will go way up.”2 The Sarmat, with its new electronics and guidance system is estimated to have a 10 m CEP, which makes it capable of targeting hardened sites like missile silos.3

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.08-18-23-26Оружие. Клуб настоящих мужиков – YouTube

The Sarmat has a variety of warhead options. The missile is reported by Russian media as being able to carry 10 large warheads, 16 smaller ones, a combination of warheads and countermeasures, or up to 24 YU-74 hypersonic boost-glide vehicles.4 5

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.08-18-21-55Оружие. Клуб настоящих мужиков – YouTube

In total, the yield of a Sarmat’s warheads is around 8 mT.6

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.05.08-18-18-07Самое актуальное – YouTube

Sarmat at a Glance

Originated from: Russia
Possessed by: Russia
Class: Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM)
Alternate names: SS-X-30 Satan II
Basing: Silo-based
Length: 36.3 m
Diameter: 3.0 m
Launch Weight: Unknown
Payload: 10-24 MIRV, HE or nuclear, possibly hypersonic glide vehicles
Propulsion: Liquid-fueled
Range: 10,000+ km
Status: In development
In Service: 2020 (est.)

Source missilethreat.csis.org

Project 4202, Yu-74 hypersonic boost-glide vehicles



The Avangard is a nuclear-capable, hypersonic boost-glide vehicle under development by the Russian Federation. It was one of six “next generation” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018.


Source missilethreat.csis.org

RD-274 Rocket Engine (Stage I propulsion)

15D119 (RD-264)

Glushko N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. Developed 1975-85. Upgrade of RD-264 engine with increased chamber pressure and thrust. Development stopped due to problems with turbopump shaft balance.

Status: Developed 1975-85. Date: 1975-85. Thrust: 4,952.00 kN (1,113,253 lbf). Specific impulse: 296 s. Specific impulse sea level: 296 s.

Other sources say development was completed and the engine was built for the R-36M2 ICBM. Consists of four RD-273 engines.

Chambers: 4. Chamber Pressure: 226.00 bar.  Source astronautix.com

RD-0256 Rocket Engine (Stage 2)

Kosberg N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. R-36M2 / RS-20V (SS-18 Mod-4) stage 2. Out of Production. Main engine of system RD-0255. Staged combustion cycle. First flight 1987.

Status: Out of Production. Date: 1983-89. Source astronautix.com

Borisov revealed that ‘Sarmat’ is a fifth generation weapon, with capabilities more advanced than that of previous generation ICBMs. The top speed of the missile is 6.7 km per second (approximately 25,000 km per hour), allowing it to strike targets within the continental US in less than 30 minutes. While the SS-18 can sidewind (move in a series of S-shaped curves to evade antimissile defences) only in certain stages of its flight, the new missile manoeuvres all the way so it is near impossible for missile defence systems to shoot it down.

The Sarmat’s development is happening in sync with Russia’s Project 4202, a hypersonic glide warhead project, which is expected to come online between 2020 and 2025. This means that instead of freefalling warheads that ICBMs carry, the Sarmat’s multiple warheads will accelerate to their target at speeds seven to 12 times faster than the speed of sound.

Quite simply, the Sarmat is Russia’s answer to the threat of missile defence systems being designed by the US to undermine the global strategic balance. Source rbth.com

Its large payload of about 10 tonnes would allow for up to 10 heavy warheads or 15 lighter ones or up to 24 hypersonic glide vehicles Yu-71/Yu-74 or a combination of warheads and massive amounts of countermeasures designed to defeat anti-missile systems.

It is the Russian military response to the U.S. hypersonic weapon’s program (Prompt Global Strike).

It is suspected to have a Fractional Orbital Bombardment (FOBS) capability. The Fractional Orbital Bombardment System objective was to bypass the weapon detection systems in the United States. Nuclear warheads are briefly placed into the Earth’s orbit. After orbiting for a short period of time, the bombs would deploy and fall to their targets from space. The system shares many similarities with the concept of kinetic bombardment systems, with the exception of the use of a nuclear warhead as opposed to an inert projectile. This weapon system also had no range limit and the orbital flight path would not reveal the target location. The RS-28 could fly a trajectory over the South Pole, completely bypassing any current U.S. missile defense system.

RS-28 has a short boost phase which makes it tougher to counter or track.

The RS-28 will replace the SS-18 by around 2023 or 2025. In early 2017, prototype missiles had been reportedly built and testing has started in 2018. Source nextbigfuture.com

Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle: Details


To put some historical figures on this we turned to Nukemap, a fascinating (if macabre) nuclear weapon simulator. According to Nukemap’s data, detonating Little Boy, the same weapon we dropped on Hiroshima, directly over Manhattan would kill 263,560 people and injure another 512,000. The worst effects would be concentrated on lower Manhattan, as would the devastation. Increase to a 50MT weapon, and the casualties rise to 7.63 million dead and another 4.19 million injured. Source extremetech.com

Russia’s new RS-28 Sarmat (ICBM) is capable of destroying an area the size of Texas or France

Rapid Fire | Tuesday, May 10, 2016

Russia’s new RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is capable of destroying an area the size of Texas or France according to the Defense Ministry run TV network, Zvezda. The ICBM is set to undergo field tests this summer, and will replace the older silo-based RS-36M and will enter service in 2018. While little is known about the technical details of Sarmat, the missile is believed to be a two-stage missile with an estimated operational range of 10,000km and a mass of at least 100 tons, including a payload weighing from 4 tons up to 10 tons. Source Defense Industry Daily


Updated Nov 02, 2019

82 mm 2B25 silent mortar

2B25 mortar is used to engage the enemy troops situated both in the open and in uncovered field entrenchments and is effective against personnel wearing individual armour.

2B25 can deliver indirect fire against visible and nonobservable targets from various types of ground both in the day and night time, at ambient temperature -50 to +50 °С.

The unique design of 2B25 mortar and its 3VO35 bomb provides the advantage of concealed operation. The mortar fire attack is not expected by the enemy because of the mortar low acoustic signature, absence of flash and smoke.

MPM-44M panoramic mortar sight


2B25 mortar can be transferred from combat to travelling position and vice versa without its disassembling into parts. To short distances it is carried with the help of straps attached to the mortar. To large distances the mortar may be transported in a standard box by any means of transportation or by the crew in a rucksack. Due to its small size and weight, 2B25 mortar can easy be carried by one soldier.

3VO35 82 mm high-explosive fragmentation (HE-Frag)


All these advantages make the mortar attractive for Special Forces, especially in counter-terrorism operations.

Mortar silent shell

FIELD: weapons and ammunition.

SUBSTANCE: proposed shell comprises main part and tail. Tail case accommodates propellant charge and combination piston with initiator. Shell is composed of detachable sealed screw assy of tail and main part. Tail is furnished with fin. Tail charge chamber accommodates multi-section propellant to be implemented in various versions. Punch-type initiator is arranged inside the piston. Said piston is composed of inner and deformable outer sleeves of different strength. Tail body is furnished with inverse cone on fin side. The inverse can is a braking device during a dislocation of piston to the fin side.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of hits.

The invention relates to ammunition, in particular noiseless and flameless shots, mainly for grenade launchers and mortars. Source russianpatents.com

Main technical data


Source burevestnik.com

MiG-29K/MiG-29KUB Carrier Based Multirole Fighter Aircraft

MiG-29K is an all-weather carrier-based multirole fighter aircraft being produced by Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG (RAC MiG). The aircraft is also offered in a two-seat operational trainer variation known as the MiG-29KUB.

The MiG-29K/KUB aircraft are designed to operate from aircraft-carriers with a minimum displacement of 28,000t and airfields.

The aircraft has a length of 17.3m, height of 4.4m and a wingspan of 11.9m. The maximum take-off weight is 24,500kg.

Both the MiG-29K (single seat) and MiG-29KUB (double seat) aircraft are the “4++” generation multi-role fighters intended for air-defense missions of naval forces, air superiority gaining, sea & ground targets destruction with the high precision guided weapons day and night and in any weather conditions.

The MiG-29K/KUB carrier-based fighters are the basic aircraft of a new unified family including also the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-35/MiG-35D aircraft.

MiG-35: Details

The MiG-29K/KUB aircraft are based on the aircraft-carriers with tonnage from 28,000 tons, equipped with take-off ramp and landing arrestor, as well as at the airfields.

Main technical and technological innovations, applied on the MiG-29K/KUB fighters are the following:

– improved airframe with about 15% composite materials application;
– folding wing with upgraded high-lift devices improving take-off/landing performance;
– fly-by-wire control system with quadruple redundancy;
– significantly reduced signature in radar range;
– increased weapons load, stored at eight external hard points;
– increased internal fuel capacity and in-flight refueling possibility;
– possibility of other aircraft refueling being equipped with “PAZ-1MK” refueling unit.

PAZ-MK Refueling Pod


The PAZ-MK refueling pod is designed for installation onboard the MiG-29K/KUB deck-launched aircraft. Arrangement of the PAZ-MK pod onboard the MiG-29K/KUB aircraft provides the aircraft carrier air group with a self-contained aerial-refueling system.

Direct fuel transfer by the aircraft fuel system decreases in a considerable degree the overall dimensions of the pod. The ПАЗ-МК refueling pod (the length of the hose deployed in the airflow is about 18.5 m, hose inner diameter is 52 mm, the fuel transfer rate is up to 750 l/min) is equipped with the modernized hose response system, which allows the aircraft to perform relative movements in the refueling formation with the speed of ±3 m/c.

Lysenko Sergey

The digital control system provides the following:

  • PAZ-MK control in all the operating modes, including the emergency ones;
  • Transfer of the information about the pod condition/operation to the aircraft, voice synthesizer and displaying of the information on the Multifunctional Display;
  • Control at “ground works”;
  • Recording of the pod operation data in flight and on ground using a self-contained recorder.

Source zvezda-npp.ru

Alexander Shatsky – AviMedia

The MiG-29K/KUB fighters as well as other aircraft of the unified family, have improved operational characteristics and higher reliability of assemblies, systems and units. In comparison with the previous fighters, the MiG-29K/KUB flight hours are increased more than twice, but a flight hour cost is reduced about 2.5 times. The MiG-29K/KUB fighters operate without overhaul.

Nozzle Assembly of the GPT -2E series


Nozzle assemblies of the GPT-2E (-1, -1M, -1I) type are designed to refuel combat aircraft in flight. The nozzle assemblies feature universal refueling couplings that conform both to the RF and NATO standards. This makes it possible to refuel the aircraft from the tankers equipped with the aerial-refueling pods of both domestic and foreign production.


  • Refueling coupling;
  • Engagement warning system;
  • Pneumatic drive to open refueling valves of the nozzle assembly/refueling pod drogue;
  • Output fuel pressure regulator;
  • Structural fuse of the refueling coupling;
  • Emergency retraction system for the refueling coupling.


  • Maximum refueling rate is up to 2500 l/min.

Year of development: 2006


MiG-29E, MiG-29МST, MiG-29К/КUB, Su-24, Su-30MKI and Su-35.

Source zvezda-npp.ru

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.09.07-14-10-44GPT -2E series nozzel on Mig-29K/KUB – Минобороны России

The power plant includes two engines RD-33MK with increased thrust power, equipped with smokeless combustion chamber and new electronic control system (of FADEC type). Engines are of the module structure and have increased reliability and service life.

The airborne avionics is of the open architecture based on MIL-STD-1553B standard. Source migavia.ru

Orders and deliveries of the Russian MiG-29K

In January 2004, India placed an order for 12 MiG-29K single-seat and four MiG-29KUB two-seat fighters. Deliveries of the aircraft began in December 2009. Six aircraft were delivered by the end of 2010. The MiG-29K entered operational service with Indian Navy in February 2010.

In March 2010, India signed a $1.5bn contract with Russia for an additional 29 MiG-29Ks. Deliveries are expected to start in 2012.

INAS_303_4A MiG 29 K aircraft prepares to take off at INS Hansa @indiannavy.nic.in In March 2010, India signed a $1.5bn contract with Russia for an additional 29 MiG-29Ks. Deliveries are expected to start in 2012.

In May 2011, five MiG-29K / KUBs and a flight simulator were delivered to the Indian Navy under the first contract, with further deliveries planned through 2011. The fighters will be based on the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya. The Vikramaditya is expected to carry up to 24 MiG-29K/KUB fighters. The Vikrant Class future indigenous aircraft carrier currently being built by India will also accommodate the MiG-29K/KUB aircraft.

The Russian Navy ordered 24 MiG-29Ks in late 2009 for Kuznetsov Class heavy aircraft carrying cruiser. Deliveries of the MiG-29K for the Russian Navy began in 2010.

On 23 June 2011, a MiG-29KUB of the Indian Navy crashed during a flight test in Astrakhan region, Russia. The crash, which occurred due to pilot’s error, killed both the pilots on board. In August 2011, RAC MiG however announced the deliveries will be made as per the schedule.

MiG-29K development history

The MiG-29K project was initiated in the late 1970s to meet the requirements of the Soviet Navy for a supersonic carrier-based fighter. The first proof of concept version, MiG-29KVP, was developed based on the MiG-29M.

800px-Mikoyan_MiG-29KVP_Fulcrum_18_blue_(9923363583)MiG-29KVP ’18 blue’ – wikimedia.org

The MiG-29KVP completed its maiden flight in August 1982. The aircraft with new undercarriage and folding wings of greater area, differed from the MiG-29 production model.

The first MiG-29K took to the skies on 23 July 1988. The aircraft performed its first carrier landing on the aircraft-carrying cruiser Tbilisi (now Admiral Kuznetsov) on 1 November 1989. The project was halted due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Mikoyan continued the development and struggled with funding issues until it received orders from India. The MiG-29KUB aircraft completed its first flight in January 2007.

MiG-29K design features


The MiG-29K features a strengthened airframe and undercarriage suitable for landing on aircraft carriers. The airframe is made of about 15% composite materials. The aircraft is fitted with folding wings, arrestor hook and a catapult for carrier operations. The radar signature of the aircraft is reduced by four to five times over the basic MiG-29.


The MiG-29K is fitted with more powerful RD-33MK engines, replacing the RD-33K turbofan engines used in the early prototypes. The flight hours of the fighter are doubled, but the flight hour cost is reduced by about 2.5 times. The aircraft can operate without overhaul.

The single and double seat variations feature the same airborne equipment and weapons. The MiG-29KUB two-seat fighter is primarily intended for pilot training, but can also conduct combat missions similar to the single-seat fighter.


The glass cockpit of the MiG-29K aircraft accommodates one pilot. It is equipped with three multifunctional colour LCDs, a digital fly-by-wire flight control system and TopOwl helmet-mounted targeting system.

MiG-29K avionics systems

Screenshot-2018-4-1 Watch Russia's MiG 29Ks Do Wonders in Artic Conditions - YouTube(3)Минобороны России

The airborne avionics based on open architecture are classified under MIL-STD-1553B standard. The open architecture allows the installation of new equipment and weapons according to customer requirements.

mig-29k_9-31_loadoutMiG-29K/KUB  pilot seat  – balancer.ruscreenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.09.08-06-41-03MiG-29KUB WSO – T24

Thales TopSight helmet-mounted sights for the Russian MiG-29K


Flight technologies and expertise

  • Thanks to Thales’s extensive HMSD experience, the TopSight design offers the best trade-off between operational requirements and safety
  •  TopSight makes use of successful technologies already developed and proven on TopOwl HMSD helicopter variant

>> Combat proven technologies for unrivalled performances

Combat proven technologies :

  • Accurate EM Head Tracking System
  • Integration validated on 10 platforms/17 countries
  • High precision form fitting

The safest helmet :

  •  The lightest helmet on the market – Headworn weight: < 1.5 kg
  •  Optimized balance
  •  Qualified windlast 625 Kts
  •  Unlimited peripheral vision
  •  Large eye relief compatible with prescription glasses
  •  Laser protection

Technical features :

  •  Monocular 20°
  •  Visor projection / HUD type symbology
  •  Video recording

Qualified and flight proven :

  •  Qualified on Mirage 2000-5 and MiG-29
  •  Selected by French Air Force and Dassault on Mirage 2000-5
  •  Selected by MiG corporation to equip MiG-29 K for the Indian Navy

Modular design :

  •  One basic helmet per pilot
  •  One display module per seat
  •  Night vision capability
  •  Reduced cost of ownership

>> A force multiplier for fighter Source thalesgroup.com

К-36D-3,5 (К-36D-3,5М) zero/zero ejection seat


Design description:

In flight, a crewmember is held in the seat with a suspension/restraint harness system. The crewmember may be restrained in the seat with the shoulder and waist restraint mechanisms. The seat features stepless height adjustment, which makes the seat occupation comfortable for work and vision.

The crewmember protection against the dynamic pressure G-loads at ejection is provided with the protective gear, windblast shield, forced restraint in the seat, seat stabilization as well as the selection of one of three operation modes for the energy source depending on the suited pilot mass. At the aircraft speed exceeding 850 km/h, the MRM steady-state mode is adjusted by the automatics depending on the acceleration.

After automatic separation of the pilot from the seat, the recovery parachute canopy is inflated providing the pilot’s safe descent. A portable survival kit, which is separated from the seat together with the pilot, supports his/her vital functions after landing or water landing, makes the pilot search easier, and the ПСН-1 life raft supports the pilot floatation on the surface of water.


The К-36D-3,5 ejection seat realizes the crewmember emergency escape within the range of equivalent airspeed (VE.) from 0 to 1300 km/h, at Mach number up to 2.5 and aircraft flight altitude from 0 to 20,000 m, including takeoff, landing run and «Н=0, V=0» mode. The seat is used with the KKO-15 set of protective gear and oxygen equipment.

The seat installation mass does not exceed 103 kg, including the survival kit.

Year of development: 2001

Source zvezda-npp.ru


The К-36D-3,5 family features seat modifications for each aircraft version.

The К-36D-3,5 seats are installed in all versions of the Su-30 aircraft; the К-36D-3,5M seats are installed in the MiG-29M and seaborne МiG-29К/KUB aircraft.

Oxygen System KS – 129



The KS -129 oxygen system is designed to provide one or two pilots of the front-line aircraft with oxygen during flights at the altitudes up to 20 km. (KS -130 oxygen system is used at the altitudes up to 12 km). The oxygen source is the BKDU -130 onboard oxygen-generating system, which produces oxygen from compressed air tapped from the aircraft gas turbine compressor.

Major advantages of the bottle-free oxygen system:

  • There are no onboard oxygen bottles in the system and, correspondingly, there is no need in pre-flight charging of the system with oxygen;
  • The mission duration is not limited with the onboard oxygen reserve;
  • The system features less line maintenance man-hours than the system with the bottle oxygen source.

The KS-129 oxygen system is used onboard the MiG-29K (KUB), MiG-29UPG, MiG-35, Su-30МКМ, Su-30МКI(A), Su-35, etc. Source zvezda-npp.ru


The fighter has multirole, multimode Zhuk-ME pulse doppler radar from Fazotron-NIIP Corporation. The radar with the slot array has wider scanning angle and longer target detection range. Zhuk-ME can track up to ten air targets while engaging four targets simultaneously.

Zhuk-M (Export Designation Zhuk-ME)


The original Zhuk radar was designed by in the mid eighties for the MiG-29M, an update of the MiG-29 intended to rectify the shortcomings of the original MiG-29. Tested from 1987 on a special MiG-29 (9-16) testbed machine, and drawing again on the Soyuz program, the Zhuk was intended to be the first truly multimode radar developed in the former Soviet Union, with a full range of air-air and air-ground modes enabling the host aircraft to perform a wide range of tasks.

Zhuk-M features a greater air and sea target detection range, enhanced resolution against ground in synthetic aperture radar mode, as well as an advanced “Bagiet” series computer. Compared to the N019 radar installed on the majority of MiG-29s, Phazotron achieved greater target detection range, observation angles in azimuth close to 90 degrees, greater number of targets that can be detected and attacked, air-to-surface capability, use of the R-27ER1 and RVV-AE missiles, as well as targeting of the Kh-31A and Kh-35 missiles.

comparativon-019m1vszhuk-meComparison of MiG-29SM and MiG-29SMT ZHUK-ME radar @razonyfuerza.mforos.com

Look-up range is 130km head-on, 50km tail-on versus fighter target.
Look-down range is 120km head-on, 40km tail-on versus fighter target.
TWS mode tracks 10-20 targets and engages 2-4..

Zhuk-series Working Modes

The radar features a built-in test capability and is credited with 15 operating modes divided between air-to-air and air-to-surface modes as follows:


Look-up/look-down range-while-search and Track-While-Scan (TWS) of 10 targets with simultaneous engagement of up to four.

Air combat

Vertical search; head-up display search; wide-angle search; boresight and automatic terrain avoidance for low-altitude combat operations.


Real beam ground-mapping; Doppler beam sharpening; synthetic aperture; display enlargement/freeze; TWS on four targets; ground target Moving Target Indicator (MTI)/tracker; air-to-surface ranging and navigation update. Weapons compatibility includes the Kh-31A, R-27R1, R-27T1, R-37E and RW-AE munitions.

Weight: 220kg.
Volume: 400dm3.
Antenna: 624mm diameter, 34.5dB gain.
Peak power output: 6kW.
Average power output: 1.5kW.
Power required: 12 kVA AC, 1.5 kVA DC.
MTBF: 200h.

Source toad-design.com

Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 203.7 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Late 1990s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Continuous Wave Illumination
Slot Back [N-010 Zhuk-M] – (MiG-29M) Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 203.7 km

Source cmano-db.com

The MiG-29K/KUB fighters have multichannel infra-red search and track (IRST) system with target designation system. The aircraft can also be installed with IR and laser sighting devices for ground targets illumination.



The OLS-UE optical-location station is designed for MiG-29K / KUB, MiG-29M / M2, MiG-35 aircraft and provides:

 • an overview of the airspace in the forward hemisphere of the airspace, the terrestrial and water surfaces,
• search, detection, capture and autosupport, determination of angular coordinates and range to air, ground and surface targets (CC, NC and NEC) on average IR (3 .. 5 Μm) and visible wavelength ranges;
• Laser illumination of NC.
Structurally, the OLS-UE consists of 4 blocks:
an optical-mechanical unit (BOM);
Information processing unit (SPU);
Processor block (BPR);
Drive control unit.

Block cooling: air, natural convection and forced convection (air supply from the side).

screenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.09.07-14-21-59Optical-mechanical block left and Information processing unit rightscreenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.09.07-14-22-52Drive Control Unit left and Processor block right
Source npk-spp.ru
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 2nd Generation Imaging (1980s/1990s, LANTIRN, Litening) )
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
OLS-M [IRST] – (OEPS-29, Izdeliye 13Sh) Infrared
Role: IRST, Imaging Infrared Seach and Track
Max Range: 74.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

L203 Gardenia series jammer

The L203 Gardenia series jammer, adapted for the MiG-29, Su-27 and other aircraft, has served as TsNIRTI’s baseline design for many years is. A compact model of the L203, the L203B, it fits internally into the MiG-29, while more powerful Gardenia models under production in two-pod underwing or wingtop configurations could fly aboard export models of the Su-27, the Su-25 and other fighters.

Russian designers enjoy two advantages of sorts by offering these systems for use by customers already operating Russian aircraft. For the comparatively small cost of purchasing a jammer (versus that of a brand-new fighter), a MiG-29 or Su-27 becomes a much more survivable platform. Second, since the State Scientific Research Institute for Aviation Systems coordinates the configuration of electronic systems in Russia, integration is rarely an issue. Russian designers, one might say, had “plug-and-play” technology before it really existed anywhere else. Source ainonline.com


Source bastion-opk.ru

SPO-15 “Beryoza” Radar Warning Receiver


The RWR display indicates any threat radars illuminating (“painting”) the aircraft. Information is presented as symbols representing the type and direction to the threat. Six illuminated symbols at the bottom of the display notify the pilot of the threat radar type. The system indicates both enemy and friendly radars. Detailed information on the SPO-15 RWR is provided in a separate chapter. Source scribd.com

Beryoza / SPO-15 / L006


SPO-15L -33 Su M omnidirectional radar warning receiver control active interference machine and decoy dispenser. Omnidirectional radar warning receiver can detect most of the frequency in the range of 360 degrees Pulse radar And frequency agile radar, display type radiation signal and controlled by the pilots on the decoy in the cockpit, active jammer and active electronic jamming pod wing at the plug-in machine with the available continuous wave or pulse of clutter and interference reflector. If the bear with the interference task, hanging point under the wing can also mount the podded electromagnetic interference system. Source et97.com
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
SPO-15 Beryoza [L-006] – ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

State-of-the-Art Ship-Relative Navigation System

MiG-29K/KUB fighters are now being equipped with the LINS-100RS inertial system which is absolutely quiet, solid and user-friendly. Source sputniknews.com

LINS-100RS inertial system


MiG-29K/KUB fighters are now being equipped with the LINS-100RS inertial system which is absolutely quiet, solid and user-friendly.

LINS-100RS – is a joint development of «SAGEM Defense Securite» (France), and JSC RDC, JSC ITT (Russia).

LINS-100RS – has been designed according to Western and Russian standards.

LINS-100RS is a strapdown inertial-navigation system on base of ring laser gyros (RLG) and pendulous accelerometers.

LINS-100RS includes a SNS receiver installed into a monoblock (antenna assembly is included). The system has a mounting frame for providing accurate tie to coordinate system of aircraft. A monoblock case is a dust-moisture-proof design.

The system provides definition and output of flight/navigation para-meters, and is designed for new and upgraded aircraft and helicopters. Source inertech.ru

MAKS-2017part2-035-LVitaly K.Kuzmin

Avionics’ open architecture allows installation on aircraft of new equipment and weapons of Russian and foreign origin upon customer’s request.

The MiG-29K/KUB fighters are equipped with the built-in automated integrated system “Karat” of serviceability check and data recording, video-recorder, computer-aided flight mission recording into the airborne radio-electronic system as well as airborne autonomous power generation station used for the equipment ground checks without main engines starting-up. Source migavia.ru

Weapon systems on the Russian-built MiG-29K carrier-based multirole fighter


MiG-29K is armed with RVV-AE and R-73E air-to-air missiles, Kh-31A and Kh-35E anti-ship missiles and Kh-31P anti-radar missiles. Other armaments include guided aerial bombs, rockets and aerial bombs.

RVV-AE Air-to-Air Guided Missile

From right to left RVV-AE medium-range air-to-air guided missile, KAB-500KR electro-optical TV-guided fire and forget bomb and R-73E air-to-air missile – T24

The RVV-AE medium-range air-to-air guided missile is designed to engage air targets, such as fighters, bombers, attack aircraft, helicopters, military transports, and cruise missiles, at all aspects against ground and water surface, by day and night, in conditions of enemy electronic countermeasures, including a multichannel “fire-and-forget” mode.

The missile is guided with an inertial/radio-corrected navigation system in the initial flight phase, and an active radar homing head in the terminal phase. It is powered with a one-mode solid-fuel rocket engine.

The warhead is of a multi-shaped charge rod type. It is fitted with a laser proximity target sensor.

The missile’s design with folding lattice control planes (electrically driven) and low-aspect wing make it small-sized enough for accomodation inside carrier’s fuselage.

The missile is suspended under the aircraft on the AKU-170E launch unit providing for in-flight power supply, combat launch and emergency jettison.

RVV-AE medium-range air-to-air guided missile – T-24

Developer and manufacturer: State Machine-Building Design Bureau


 Launch range, km:
 max, in front hemisphere  80
 min, in rear hemisphere  0,3
 Target engagement altitude, km  0,02-25
 Warhead weight, kg  22,5
 Launch weight, kg  175
 Missile dimensions, m:
 length  3,6
 body diameter  0,2
 wing span  0,4
 control plane span (in-flight position)  0,7

R-73E Air-to-Air Guided Missiles

R-73E air-to-air missile – T-24

The R-73E small-range and close air combat air-to-air missiles are designed to engage various types of air targets, such as fighters, bombers, attack and military transport aircraft, approaching from any direction, by day and night, in conditions of ground clutter and enemy active countermeasures.

They feature an all-aspect IR passive homing head and ensure missile launch in accordance with the “fire-ad-forget” principle.

The missiles’ high agility is due to a unique combined gas/aerodynamic control system.

The missiles are powered by a one-mode solid-fuel rocket engine.

The R-73E missile modification is equipped with a radar proximity fuse/target sensor.

The missile is carried under the carrier aircraft and launched in combat, or jettisoned in emergency, by means of the P-72-1D/P-72-1DB2 airborne rail launcher.

Developer and manufacturer: State Machine-Building Design Bureau “Vympel” @ktrv.ru


 Launch range, km:
 head-on, max  30
 tail-on, min  0,3
 Target designation angle, ang.deg.  +;-45
 Target engagment altitudes, km  0,02-20
 Max target g-load  up to 12
 Warhead type  rod
 Warhead weight,kg  8
 Launch weight, kg  105
 Missile dimensions, m:
 length  2,9
 body diameter  0,17
 wing span  0,51
 control plane span  0,38

Kh-31A anti-ship missiles and Kh-31P anti-radar missiles


Kh-31A anti-ship missiles

The Kh-31A high-speed anti-ship airborne missile is designed to engage warships of different type, including destroyers, navigating both autonomously and within naval attack groupings.

The Kh-31A missile can be effeciently launched either independently or in salvo, in fair and adverse weather, clutter and active jamming conditions, against preplanned targets and targets of opportunity.

The missile is equipped with a high-precision active radar homing head and a radio-altimeter. The active radar homing head can operate in the pre-launch and en route (post-decent) target designation modes. It ensures target acquisition and selection, determination of target coordinates (range, azimuth, elevation), generation of command signals and their feeding into the missile’s guidance system.

Thanks to its relatively small weight and size the Kh-31A missile can be employed from various air combat platforms, including moderately sized ones. The missile has passed state acceptance tests on a number of series-production front-line combat aircraft of the Russian Air Force. It makes part of weapon systems of modern combat aircraft, such as the Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, MiG-29, etc., and can be adapted to other types of Russian or foreign-origin aircraft during their modernization.

The Kh-31A missile is suspended under the carrier aircraft with necessary links to its onboard systems, carried in flight and launched (or jettisoned in emergency, if required) by means of the AKU-58A missile ejection unit.

Developer and manufacturer: Tactical Missiles Corporation @ktrv.ru


 Launch altitudes envelope, km  0,1-10(15)
 Launch speeds envelope, km/h
 (Mach number)  600-1,250 (0,65-1,5)
 Max launch range
 (against destroyer-type targets from
 altitude of 10/15 km), km  50/70
 Max missile cruising speed, m/s  1,000
 Warhead weight, kg  94
 Missile launch weight, kg  about 610
 Missile dimensions, m:
 length  4,7
 body diameter  0,36
 wing span  0,914

Kh-31P anti-radar missiles


The Kh-31P high-speed medium-range “air-to-surface” guided missile with changeable passive radar homing heads is designed to engage radars operating within long- and medium-range air defence missile systems, as well as other ground- and sea-based radars of different purpose, in the corresponding frequency band.

The Kh-31P missile can be efficiently launched either independently or in salvo, in fair and adverse weather conditions, to engage radar targets of opportunity or previously disclosed ones.

The missile can be equipped with changeable homing heads operating in coresponding frequency bands used by modern continuous-wave and pulsed radars of surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery systems.

The missile’s radar homing head ensures:

– target search and lock-on in the autonomous mode, or by receiving target designation data from carrier’s sensors with the missile on the aircraft suspension station;

– target tracking and missile guidance command generation.

It has a high explosive/fragmentation type of warhead.

Thanks to its relatively small weight and size the Kh-31P missile can be employed from various air combat platforms including moderately sized ones. The missile has passed state acceptance tests on a number of series-production front-line combat aircraft of the Russian Air Force. The missile makes part of weapon systems of modern combat aircraft, such as the Su-25, Su-27, Su-30, Su-34, Mig-29, etc., and can be adapted to other types of Russian or foreign-origin aircraft during their modernization.

The missile is suspended under the aircraft and linked to its onboard systems, carried in flight and launched (or jettisoned in emergency, if required) by means of the AKU-58 airborne ejection unit.

Developer and manufacturer: Tactical Missiles Corporation Source ktrv.ru


 Launch range envelope, km  15-110
 Launch altitude envelope, m  100-15,000
 Launch speed envelope, km/h (Mach number)  600-1,250
 Max missile cruising speed, m/s  1,000
 Warhead weight, kg  87
 Missile launch weight, kg  about 600
 Missile dimensions, m:
 length  4,7
 body diameter  0,36
 wing span  0,914

Kh-35E anti-ship missiles

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.09.06-11-31-52Kh-35E anti-ship missile – Konstantin Lantratov

The Kh-35E (3M-24E) anti-ship missile is designed to destroy surface warships displacing up to 5,000 tonnes, as well as seagoing transports.

The Kh-35E unified guided missile can be launched from the following platforms:

– Uran-E type ship-borne missile systems;

– Bal-E type mobile coastal missile systems;

– tactical and naval combat aircraft.

The Kh-35E anti-ship missile can be employed in fair and adverse weather conditions at Sea States up to 5-6, by day and night, under enemy fire and electronic countermeasures.

The Kh-35E’s aerodynamic configuration is optimized for high subsonic-speed sea-skimming flight to ensure stealthy characteristics of the missile.

Target acquisition and designation data can be fed into missile’s guidance system from both ship-based and external target data sources.

The missile has low signatures thanks to its small dimensions, sea-skimming capability and a special guidance algorithm ensuring highly secure operational modes of the active radar seeker.

Its ARGS-35E active radar seeker operates in both single- and multiple-missile launch modes, acquiring and locking on targets at a maximum range of up to 20 km.

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.09.06-11-31-23h-35E anti-ship missile – Konstantin Lantratov

Developer and manufacturer: Tactical Missiles Corporation Source ktrv.ru


 Launch range, km  up to 130
 Flight altitude, m:
 en route  10-15
 at terminal area  about 4
 Cruise speed, Mach number  0,8
 Max missile turn angle, ang.deg.:
 in horizontal plane after launch  +;- 90
 Missile launch weight, kg:
 ship/land-based versions  620/620
 aircraft/heliborne versions  520/610
 Warhead type  HE penetrator
 Warnead weight, kg  145
 Missile dimensions,m:
 length of ship/land-based
 and heliborne versions  4,4
 length of airborne version  3,85
 body diameter, m  0,42
 wing span  1,33

The aircraft is mounted with a 30mm GSh-30-1 cannon with 100 rounds. A wide range of weapons can be added upon the request of the customer.

MiG-29K/KUB is the only ship-borne fighter in the world to fire Kh-31A supersonic anti-ship missiles resistant to air-defence.

30mm GSh-301 canon


The GSh-301 fires the 30x165mm round at a rate of fire of 1.500 to 1.800 rpm. Short bursts are fired. A 100 round burst destroys the barrel. Effective range is quoted as 200 to 800 m against aerial targets and 1.200 to 1.800 m against ground targets. Combined with targeting computer and laser range finder accuracy is reported to be good.

The GSh-301 arms the two most common types of Soviet multirole fighters, the MiG-29 and Su-27. It is also used in the various Su-27 derivatives, including the Su-30, Su-33, Su-34 and Su-35. A gun pod was designed around the GSh-301 but was produced only in very limited numbers.

TYPE Autocannon
CALIBER 30x165mm Soviet
MECHANISM Short recoil operated
BARREL 1.500 m barrel
DIMENSIONS 1.978 m long, 156 mm wide, 185 mm tall
WEIGHT 46 kg
FEEDING Single belt feed
RATE OF FIRE 1.500 – 1.800 rpm
REMARKS 2.000 round barrel life

Source weaponsystems.net


The MiG-29K is powered by two RD-33MK engines equipped with smokeless combustion chamber and new full authority digital engine control (FADEC) system.

2 x RD-33MK engines

1251755981_fРД-33МК для МиГ-29К/КУБ и МиГ-35 (RD-33MK for MiG-29K/KUB and MiG-35)Google Translate RD-33MK engines for MiG-29K / KUB and MiG-35 (RD-33MK for MiG-29K / KUB and MiG-35) МАКС-2009 – Выставочные павильоны – часть 1 (MAKS-2009 – Exhibition pavilions | Vitaly V. Kuzmin

The Sea Wasp provides a higher thrust than the basic model while featuring all its advantages such as unrestricted flight control and high stability against ambient disturbances.

A jet fighter equipped with this engine can safely take off the aircraft carrier deck and efficiently perform combat tasks in a hot climate.

The RD-33MK will be used as a base model for future improved jet fighter engines. In particular, it may be equipped with Klimov’s proprietary thrust vectoring nozzle that enhances combat efficiency by 12-15%.

Pavel Vanka

Innovative technologies

RD-33MK is the first product of major modifications of the basic engine. Its horsepower is 7% higher due to the use of cooled blades made of modern materials including composites.


  • Unassisted takeoff of the MiG-29K fighter from the aircraft carrier deck is possible owing to the increased horsepower of the engine;
  • The engine contains systems that reduce its infrared and optical visibility;
  • The service life of the engine is a long 4,000 hours;
  • Installed on MiG-29K, MiG-29KUB and MiG-35 jet fighters;
  • Developed in 2001.

Source klimov.ru

RD-33 Specification
Jet Engine ID 74
Country Russia
Engine model: RD-33
Take-off rating (dry): 49.4 kN (11,110 lb) D
Take-off rating (wet): 81.4 kN (18,300 lb) W
Weight (dry): 1,055 kg (2,326 lb)
Airflow: 75.5 kg (166 lb)/s
Arrangement: 4F, 9A, a/b
BPR: 0.49
Diameter: 1,040 mm (40.95 in)
Length: 4,229 mm (166.5 in)

Source toad-design.com

GTDE-117 and GTDE-117-1


The GTDE is a turboshaft engine with a free turbine, has a modular design, with the turbocompressor module being one-shaft with centrifugal compressor and one-stage turbine. The reduction gear of the power turbine is executed according to the two-stage multi-flow scheme. The purpose is to provide the independent pre-flight aircraft preparation without starting the main engines and their subsequent startup.

The gas turbine engine-power unit differs by a relatively small mass at high available power, is produced in several modifications for a number of domestic and foreign planes. The main modifications – GTDE-117 and GTDE-117-1 are installed on MiG-29, MiG-29К, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-35, etc..


Modification GTDE-117 GTDE-117-1,
VK-100/VK-100V/VK-100N, VK-100K GTDE-117-1M (VK-100-1M), VK-100-1MK, GTDE-117-1M1, GTDE-117-1M2
Developer Klimov Corporation Krasny Octiabr
Klimov Corporation
Type Turboshaft, with free turbine
Inlet air temperature, oC From -60 to +60
Power in the starter mode, h.p.:
at Н=0 and ISA.
90+8 100+10 110+12 (100+13for VK-100-1MK)
at Н=2,5 km and ISA +300 оC 65+9 75+7 88+8
at Н=3,5 km and ISA +30оC Is not discussed 70+7 84+8
Power in the power-unit mode, h.p. 70+3 mode is not provided. mode is not provided. 90+5
Fuel RT, TC-1 and others
Fuel flow-rate, not more than, kg/hour
in the starter mode
in the power-unit mode
mode is not provided
mode is not provided
72(66,5 for VK-100-1MK)

72(62 for VK-100-1MK)

Overall dimensions, LхØ, mm 680X212
Mass, kg 42 43,9

Source koavia.com

The power plant provides a ferry range of 2,000km. The range can be increased to 3,000km with three underwing fuel drop tanks.



MiG-29K MiG-29KUB
Length, m 17,3 17,3
Wing span, m* 11,99 11,99
Height, m 4,4 4,4
Take-off weight, kg:
– standard 18 550 18 650
– maximum 24 500 24 500
Maximum flight speed, km/h:
– near ground 1400 1400
– at high altitude 2200 2100
Service ceiling, m 17 500 17 500
Maximum G-load 8 8
Ferry range, km:
– without drop tanks 2000 1700
– with 3 drop tanks 3000 2700
– with 3 drop tanks & one in-flight refueling 5500 5500
Engines RD-33MK RD-33MK
Take-off thrust, kgf 2×9000 2×9000
Number of external stations 8 8
“A-A” missiles:
– middle range 6xRVV-AE 6xRVV-AE
– short range 8xR-73E 8xR-73E
“A-S” missiles:
– anti-ship 4xKh-31A,Kh-35E 4xKh-31A,Kh-35E
-anti-radar 4xKh-31P 4xKh-31P
Guided bombs 4xKAB-500Kr 4xKAB-500Kr
Air gun, 30 mm Gsh-301 Gsh-301

* in unfolded (fly) condition

Source migavia.ru

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Main image by Alexey (other)

Main material source naval-technology.com

Revised Sep 11, 2018

Updated Mar 07, 2021