Published on May 2, 2016
The Brazilian navy tests its MAS PENGUIN and MSS EXOCET missile systems by sinking and old Corvette ship. The operation was a success; all missiles hit their intended targets.
(Video strictly for news/educational purposes).
AGM-119B Penguin Anti-Ship Missile
The Penguin is a helicopter launched anti-ship missile developed for use on Lamps III helicopters and NATO allies. Penguin is the only operational Navy helicopter-launched missile in the Navy’s weapon inventory. It provides Navy surface combatants with a defense against surface threats armed with antiship missiles.
The PENGUIN missile is a short-to-medium range inertially guided missile with infrared (IR) terminal homing. The missile consists of a seeker, navigation and control section, warhead,rocket motor, four folding wings and four canards. It is capable of gravity drop launches at low speeds and altitudes. Ships and surfaced submarines are the missiles primary targets. A principal operational advantage of Penguin is its relatively long operational range, which permits a helicopter armed with Penguin to remain outside the launch envelopes of potential targets. The Penguin missile has an indirect flight path to target. It is also operated in “fire-and-forget” mode to allow multiple target aqusition. The Penguin is fired from a launcher or a stage weighing approximately 1100 pounds (500 kilograms).
The Penguin is a uniquely capable weapon against small combatants and surfaced submarines in the littoral environment. The IR seeker head is effective against a wide range of targets and its profile is hard to defend against. It is a short-to-medium range inertially guided missile and is capable of gravity drop launches at low speeds and altitudes. A “fire-and-forget” missile, the Penguin has a 360 degree arc, autonomous search, acquisition and track during terminal phase, discriminates between target decoys and is resistant to IR countermeasures.
Penguin is a fully digitized missile with canard control. The high resolution, passive infrared seeker provides a high degree of discrimination and target selection, and ensures efficient operation in confined, as well as open waters. The high accuracy, inertial navigation system ensures the missile’s capability of target detection, and provides the flexibility of mid-course trajectory via pilot-designated way-point.
The air-launched penguin MK3 version (AGM-119A) was chosen as the standard anti-ship missile for the F-16 Fighting Falcons of the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
|Primary Function||Helicopter launched anti-ship missile.|
|Contractor||Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk (Norway)|
|Power Plant||Solid propellant rocket motor and solid propellant booster|
|Length||120.48 inches (3.06 meters)|
|Launch Weight||847 pounds (385 kilograms)|
|Diameter||11.2 inches (28.45 centimeters)|
|Wing Span||30 in’s folded, 55 in’s Deployed|
|Range||25 nautical miles / 35 km|
|Speed||1.2 Mach maximum|
|Guidance||Inertial and infrared terminal.|
|Warhead||265 lbs gross, 110 lbs High Explosive, semi armor piercing
derivative of the Bullpup missile
|Date Deployed||Fourth quarter 1993|
Exocet AM.39 / MM.40
Exocet missiles started in development in 1967, originally as the ship-launched variant MM 38 which entered service in 1975. The air-launched version, AM 39, was developed later starting in 1974 and entering service with the French Navy in 1979. The missile is designed to attack large warships. A block 2 upgrade programme was carried out from the late 1980s until 1993, and introduced an improved digital active radar seeker and upgraded inertial navigation and control electronics.
The Exocet has four clipped delta wings at mid-body and four raked clipped-tip moving delta control fins at the rear. The missile is 4.7 m long, has a body diameter of 350 mm and a wingspan of 1.1 m. The missile weighs 670 kg and has a 165 kg HE shaped charge fragmentation warhead. Guidance in the mid-course phase is inertial, followed by an active radar terminal phase. There is also a radar altimeter to control the sea-skimming trajectory, at around 10.0 m until the terminal phase when, in calm sea conditions, the missile can descend to 3.0 m or so. The solid propellant motor gives Exocet a range of about 50 km, but when released from 10,000 m (32,800 ft) the range achieved was reported to be 70 km.
|Total length||580 cm|
|Warhead||impact with delay- and proximity-fuzed
high-explosive shaped charge, 165 kg
|Propulsion||: Condor solid propellant booster, 2 s burn;
Helios solid propellant sustainer, 150 s burn
|Maximum Speed||Mach 0.93|
|Maximum effective range||65 km|
|Guidance mode||ESD ADAC X-band monopulse active radar homing|
|Single-shot hit probability|
|Service||France, Pakistan, Abu Dhabi, Argentina, Singapore, Brazil, Oman, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar, Peru.|