Daily Archives: April 15, 2016

Russian Aerospace Forces to Get State of the Art S-500 Air Defense Systems

11:10 15.04.2016 (updated 12:15 15.04.2016)

The Russian Armed Forces are reportedly planning to purchase ten S-500 battalions.

MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The Russian Aerospace Forces are expecting the appearance of new models of the S-500 air defense systems soon, Russian Aerospace Forces Vice Commander Lt.-Gen. Viktor Gumenny said Friday.

“We are expecting the first models of the S-500 air defense systems very soon,” Gumenny said on Russia’s Rossiya-24 television.

Russia’s newest S-500 Prometey system, which is expected to begin tests shortly, will be a major upgrade to the state-of-the-art S-400 complex and will, according to member of the advisory council of the Military-Industrial Commission Viktor Murakhovsky, be second to none.

Original post sputniknews.com


S-500 Prometheus 55R6M Triumfator-M air defense missile system

S-500_77P6_air_defense_missile_system_TEL_Transporter_Erector_Launcher_vehicle_Russia_Russian_defence_industry_640_001 77P6 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher of S-500 Prometheus

The S-500 is a new long-range anti-aircraft and anti-ballistic missile system, that is currently being developed in Russia. Development of this air defense system commenced in 2002. It is being developed by Almaz-Antey company. This system is also referred as the Prometey (Prometheus) and Triumfator-M. Prototype testing is expected to begin in 2015. The S-500 is planned to enter service at the end of this decade, possibly in 2017-2018. Russia plans to field ten battalions of S-500 missiles.

The S-500 is not an upgrade of the S-400, but a new design. It uses a lot of new technology and is superior to the S-400. It was designed to intercept ballistic missiles. It is planned to have a range of 500-600 km and hit targets at altitudes as high as 40 km. Some sources claim that this system is capable of tracking 5-20 ballistic targets and intercepting up to 5-10 ballistic targets simultaneously. It can defeat ballistic missiles travelling at 5-7 kilometers per second. It has been reported that this air defense system can also target low orbital satellites. It is planned that the S-500 will shield Moscow and the regions around it. It will replace the current A-135 anti-ballistic missile system. The S-500 missiles will be used only against the most important targets, such as intercontinental ballistic missiles, AWACS and jamming aircraft.

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler): Details

Planner Announcement Date The dates of the start of serial production, receipts for armament, etc.
2010 until 2020.
02/07/2011 in 2014, the serial production of the components of the system will begin and until 2020 at least 10 S-500 divisions
April 2012 in 2014-2015. it is planned to start serial production of S-500 SAM
August-September 2013 the development will be completed in 2015, in 2017 the S-500 system can be adopted and from January 2018 the troops of the East Kazakhstan region will start receiving the S-500 systems
February 19, 2017 the prototype of the S-500 system will be ready by 2020 (Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov)

55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 Command Posts

The 55K6MA CP appears to be a rehosting of the baseline S-400 55K6E CP to the BAZ-69092-012 chassis, with the addition of an improved NK Orientir precision navigation system. The telescoping datalink antenna appears to cylindrical in shape. Source ausairpower.net

91N6A(M) Big Bird Acquisition and Battle Management Radar

There is insufficient detail to infer any design changes between the baseline 91N6 and the S-500 variant 91N6A(M) subtype. A BAZ-6403.01 tractor is used, also intended for future S-400 builds. The semi-trailer design has been revised and would provide better off-road handling due to the reduced surface loading of a three axle design.

96L6-TsP Acquisition Radar

The 96L6-TsP Acquisition Radar appears to be a rehosted system on the BAZ-69096 chassis. The gas turbine APU location has been changed. A telescoping datalink mast, with cylindrical antenna elements, appears to be part of this configuration. The drawing does not include the NK Orientir precision navigation system, and may be an omission.

76T6 Multimode Engagement Radar

This radar is drawn with the antenna head module of a 92N6E Grave Stone. The crew cabin is much smaller, and similar in design to that used with the 64L6E Gamma-S1E. An important design feature is the use of a telescoping datalink mast, with cylindrical antenna elements, which suggests use with widely dispersed TELs, in turn suggesting a SAM engagement capability. A reasonable inference is that this radar is a derivative of the 92N6E Grave Stone, intended to provide guidance against aerial and IRBM targets. The drawing does not include the NK Orientir precision navigation system, and may be an omission.

77T6 ABM Engagement Radar

GTRK LOTOS, Astrakhan, Russia, News YouTube

This radar is drawn with an enlarged rendering of the antenna head module of a 92N6E Grave Stone. The 10 x 10 BAZ-69096 chassis indicates the need to carry a much heavier radar than the 92N6E Grave Stone, which is consistent with the ABM radar function which requires greater power-aperture product performance compared to a SAM engagement radar. The size of the folded antenna is similar to that in the proposed  wheeled 9S19MK Imbir / High Screen ABM acquisition radar, and 9S32MK ABM engagement radar, both part of the S-300VMK system. The drawing includes the NK Orientir precision navigation system, but shows no datalink mast for dispersed TEL operation.

40V6MT Universal Mobile Mast System

The new 40V6MT replaces the legacy 40V6M/MD series. It appears to be an entirely new design with a different outrigger arrangement, and revised elevating mechanism. It is towed by a BAZ-6403.01 tractor.

77P6 Self Propelled Transporter Erector Launcher

The 77P6 is closest in appearance to the 9A82MK TEL for S-300VMK, including the use of the legacy 9A82/9A84 gantry and 9Ya238 Missile Launch Tube / Transport Container, used for the 9M82/9M82M / SA-12B/SA-23B Giant missile. Prominent differences from the 9A82MK/9A83MK are the accessory housings, which are considerably more compact, and an outrigger design common to the self-propelled S-400 9P90S TEL. The drawing shows no evidence of the CW illuminator/uplink antenna used with S-300V/VM TELARs, and does not include the NK Orientir precision navigation system, which may be an omission.

Source ausairpower.net


77N6-N & 77N6-N1 Missiles at an Integration Rig @indiandefensenews.in

The S-500 will carry various missiles. These missiles will have various ranges and will be used against different targets. In 2009 a 40N6 long-range air defense missile was ready for testing.

The composition of the air defense / missile defense system S-500 :

Air Defense System 55P6M
The controls of the air defense system, consisting of: 60K6
– The military command post (PBU) 55K6MA
– The radar complex (RLK) of early detection (ballistic targets) 91N6A (M) (MARS?)
– Radar complex (RLC) 96L6-1
– (optional) – advanced air defense and air defense control systems 97L6 “The Lord-TP”
– (optional) – mobile radar – all-elevated detector 96L6
– (optional) mobile tower for an antenna post 40V6MT
Missile systems, consisting of: 85Ж6-2 / 98Ж6М1
– Multifunctional radar of illumination and guidance 76T6 / 77T6
– Transport-launchers (TPU) 77P6, 55P6, 51P6M
– (optional) mobile tower for an antenna post 40V6MT
Anti-aircraft guided missiles (SAM):
– ZUR of air defense systems S-300PM1 / S-300PM2 / S-400 48N6DM
– medium-range MIR 9M96M
– long-range missiles 40H6
– long-range missile (?) 77Н6-Н and 77Н6-Н1 (?)
45Т6 (?)
Complex of technical equipment ?
Unified training complex ?

Some sources report, that the S-500 system can detect ballistic missile at a range of 2 000 km and warheads of ballistic missiles at a range of 1 300 km. It can defeat ballistic missiles before their warheads re-enter atmosphere.

TTX system:

Target detection range 600-750 km / ABM up to 2000 km
Number of simultaneously tracked targets up to 500 units. (forecast, January 2017)
Targeting range – 200 km / 600 km ( historical – Mikhalev A. )
– up to 500 km ( source )
Height of target damage – aerodynamic targets up to 40-50 km
The height of defeat targets – ballistic targets up to 200 km (forecast, 2012)
Maximum target speed 7000 m / s
The deployment time of the SAM from the march 10-20 min (forecast)
Designated service life not less than 20 years

This system has brief reaction time. It has been reported that the S-500 can launch missiles within 10 minutes from travelling. Also it can be considered as a survivable system, as after launching its missiles it can briefly redeploy. In the 1980s Soviets already used this shoot, scoot and hide philosophy on the S-300V air defense system.

Echelon Middle Air Defense Line The average boundary of air defense Air Defense Long Range PRO and ultra-long interception
(option 1)
PRO and ultra-long interception
(option 2)
PRO and ultra-long interception
(option 2)
As part of the S-500 SAM possibly absent possibly absent  presumably presumably
(forecast 2012)
(forecast 2012)
presumably (forecast 2018)
The name of the SAM missile (presumably) 9M96 9M96D 48N6DM 40H6 45T6 (see the PRO system A-235 ) 77H6
Number of steps  1 1 1 2? 1 or 2 1 or 2
Length 4.75 m 5.65 m 7.5 m about 11-12 m
Case Diameter 240 mm 240 mm 519 mm
Wingspan 480 mm 480 mm 1835 mm
(1133 mm)
Weight 333 kg 420 kg 1835 kg
(1600-1900 kg)
up to 4000 kg
Vehicle weight 26 kg 26 kg 143 kg
Range of action 1-40 km 12 miles 3 – 250 km 400 km up to 600 km
Height of defeat 5 – 20,000 m 5 – 30000 m 10 – 27000 m 185 km up to 200 km
Speed ​​max. 900 m / s 1000 m / s 2500 m / s not less than 3600 m / s
Target speed max. 2780 m / s 7000 m / s ( historical – Mikhalev A. ) up to 7000 m / s

Source military-today.com/militaryrussia.ru


Soryu submarine arrives in Sydney Harbour; first Japanese sub to visit since WWII

ABC News

By defence reporter Andrew Greene April 15, 2016

A Japanese submarine has entered Sydney Harbour for the first time since World War II, just weeks before the Federal Government is tipped to announce which country will build Australia’s future subs fleet.

With very little fanfare, JS Hakuryu sailed through the heads about 11:00am, accompanied by two Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force warships and led by HMAS Ballarat.

The Soryu class Hakuryu is the first Japanese submarine to enter Sydney Harbour in three quarters of a century, and will take part in Exercise Nichi Gou Trident with the Royal Australian Air Force and Royal Australian Navy.

“This exercise, which has been conducted between Australia and Japan since 2009, is an opportunity to develop and enhance the bilateral naval relationship by practising maritime skills and improving levels of interoperability between our two navies,” the Defence Department said in a statement.

“This is the first opportunity to conduct the exercise off Sydney.”

Japanese midget submarine retrieved from Sydney Harbour, 1942Photo: Japanese midget submarines were retrieved from Sydney Harbour in 1942. (Ronald Noel Keam (060696): Australian War Memorial)

The Defence Department said the joint exercise aimed to “improve interoperability and mutual understanding” between the two navies.

HMAS Ballarat, HMAS Adelaide and HMAS Success will take part in the exercise, along with aviation elements including Navy’s 816 Squadron’s S-70B Seahawks and the Air Force’s AP-3C Orion and Hawk 127 aircraft.

Japanese officials were also using the opportunity to show off the capability of their high-tech Soryu class submarine that Tokyo hopes would be selected as the preferred model for Australia’s future submarine fleet.

Japan is locked in a Competitive Evaluation Process with France and Germany to decide who will be selected for the lucrative $50 billion defence contract.

Japanese midget subs sunk in 1942

Japanese Soryu class submarine Hakuryu enters Sydney Harbour - still 2Photo: The Soryu class Hakuryu will take part in an exercise with the Australian Navy

The historic arrival of the Japanese submarine has revived memories of 1942, when then-Imperial Japan famously slipped three midget subs into Australian waters, attacking Sydney and Newcastle and sinking the converted ferry HMAS Kuttabul, killing 21 sailors.

Jean Nysen, 93, was then serving in the Women’s Royal Australian Navy (WRANS).

“It was a terrible shock and we couldn’t do anything about it,” she said.

“They were building the boom net and they were preparing people for any invasion.”



 See related post:

Japan’s Deadliest Sub to Join Australia’s Navy in Military Drill

Australia’s Future Submarine Program Enters Next Phase

See details of Soryu class Submarine: HERE


Russia blamed for crashing Swedish air traffic control to test electronic warfare capabilities

By Mary-Ann Russon

April 14, 2016 16:48 BST

Sources in the Swedish government have blamed Russian intelligence for causing a major cyberattack on Sweden’s air traffic control system that lasted for at least five days in November 2015, allegedly due to Russia testing out its electronic warfare capabilities.

Between 4-9 November 2015, hundreds of domestic and international flights were grounded at multiple airports across Sweden due to its air traffic control system going offline. The attack caused the radar systems to stop working, which made the computer screens to go blank. This meant that air traffic controllers were unable to see any aircraft on their screens at all.

At the time, the Swedish Civil Aviation Administration publicly blamed a solar storm for knocking out air traffic control systems, which also impacted radar stations in Norway and Estonia. According to a Swedish military leaks news site, however, the real story was much deeper.

Anonymous sources told Aldrimer.no that during the attack, Swedish authorities traced the source of the attack to an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) group that has previously been linked to the Russian military intelligence agency, Spetsnaz GRU. Although Sweden is not part of Nato, it was so concerned that it sent urgent messages warning neighbouring countries that are Natoallies about the ongoing cyberattacks.

“The message was passed on to NATO either by Sweden’s National Defence Radio Establishment [Försvarets radioanstalt, FRA] or the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service [Militära underrättelse- och säkerhetstjänsten, MUST],” a senior Nato source told Aldrimer.no.


This is the Krasukha-4. It is a highly sophisticated electronic warfare system that is now being used to cloak its actions in Syria from NATO, as well as from IS and other rebel groups. VItay V.Kuzmin, Wikimedia Commons

The source also says that at the same time that Sweden issued its warning to neighbouring Nato countries, at the same time Nato independently detected that Russia instigated electronic warfare activity in the Baltic Sea region that was jamming air traffic communication channels. Nato traced the signals and they led to a large radio tower in the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad, to the south of Lithuania.

In October 2015, a month before the cyberattack on Sweden’s air traffic control systems, a leading electronic warfare expert reported that Russia was using electronic warfare to both jam Islamic State (Isis) communications in Syria, as well as to mask its military activities from Nato.

The Swedish Civil Aviation Administration is currently investigating the true cause of the air traffic control system outage, but currently is not ready to release results from its analysis of data during the attack. Nato and the Swedish Armed Forces have both said they cannot comment on the issue.

Original post @ibtimes.co.uk


Наземный модуль радиоэлектронного подавления 1РЛ257Э Красуха-4 (1RL257E Krasukha-4)

1РЛ257Э Красуха-4 (1RL257E Krasukha-4)МАКС-2015 – Комплексы ПВО, РЭБ, БПЛА и прочее (MAKS-2015 – Air defence, EW, UAV and other) | Vitaly V. Kuzmin МАКС-2015 – Комплексы ПВО, РЭБ, БПЛА и прочее (MAKS-2015 – Air defence, EW, UAV and other) | Vitaly V. KuzminThe business end of the Krasukha-S4 mobile ground-to-air X-band jammer includes three large reflectors, each with its own robust feed system, and a mast-mounted set of horn-type receive antennas. Credit: Bill Sweetman/AW&ST @w54.biz

Russian Electronic Warfare Updates

A new and complementary jammer, the 1RL257E Krasukha-S4, is being delivered to the military this year, according to Kret. It is an X-band system designed for use against tactical airborne radars and AGS systems. Both Krasukha systems can operate independently, but are mainly intended to work as part of a multiplatform electronic attack force, with multiple, widely separated jammer locations used to increase the chances of jamming through a target’s main beam. Source w54.biz

Actual picture from Syria of 1RL257E Krasukha-4 theriseofrussia.blogspot.com

USE CC choose your langauge

Комплексы РЭБ “Красуха-4”- Грозное оружие против любых воздушных целей

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Complexes EW “Krasuha-4” – a formidable weapon against any airborne targets

Redstone Test Center is playing host to the engineering & development phase of the Joint Air to Ground Missile (JAGM)