16:48 02.04.2016(updated 20:04 02.04.2016)
In 2015 Russia sold 14.5 billion dollars’ worth of arms and plans to earn a record $56 billion this year and next, defense expert Igor Korotchenko said in an interview with Radio Sputnik.
India and Iraq were the main buyers of Russian-made arms, Korotchenko said, adding that next year Algeria was expected to join the club of Russia’s traditional clients with the purchase of a number of Sukhoi Su-32 bombers and Antei-2500 air-defense systems.
The Rosoboronexport state arms trader also plans to fulfill contracts earlier signed with Egypt and China.
The Russian arms exporters’ portfolio may grow even fatter with the launching of a plant in Nizhny Novgorod to build the state-of-the-art S-400 and S-500 anti-aircraft missiles.
Igor Korotchenko, who is editor-in-chief of the Natsionalnaya Oborona (National Defense) journal, attributed the growing interest in Russian-made weapons to this country’s recent advances as a self-sustained player on the international scene.
“The export of Russian weapons has been steadily going up over the past few years, both financially and geographically. The successes we have made as a self-contained world power has fueled a great deal of interest in countries willing to pursue an independent foreign and domestic policy. The more confidently Russia acts in the world, the more countries will be lining up to buy our weapons,” Korotchenko said.
Antei-2500 ( S-300VM) air-defense systems
The Antey-2500 is a long-range air defense missile system. It is a downgraded export version of the Russian S-300VM. Western reporting name for this system is SA-23 Gladiator/Giant. The main role of the Antey-2500 is to protect task forces and vital industrial and military installations against massed air attacks. It can engage short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, precision guided weapons, strategic and tactical aircraft, as well as early warning and electronic warfare aircraft. Two battalions of these air defense systems have been exported to Venezuela. These were delivered in 2013. Currently the Antey-2500 air defense system is being produced for another undisclosed customers. It is likely to be Egypt or Iran. Estimated export price of this system is 1 billion dollars.
A battery of the Antey-2500 typically includes up two six launchers in two variants, command post vehicle, surveillance radar, sector surveillance radar, and up to 6 reloading vehicles/launchers in two variants. Comparing with the older S-300V the Antey-2500 has new command post vehicle and new radars.
The Gladiator launcher vehicle is operated by a crew of 3. It carries four smaller 9M83ME missiles. Vehicle is fitted with engagement radar.
The Giant launcher vehicle is also operated by a crew of 3. It also has a radar mounted over the cabin. It carries two larger 9M82ME missiles.
Command post vehicle is operated by a crew of 7. It prioritizes which targets should be attacked first and transmits firing data to launcher vehicles.
Surveillance radar is operated by a crew of four. It has a detection range of about 330 km. It detects ballistic missiles at a range of about 150 km.
There is also a sector surveillance radar. It is also operated by a crew of four. It is used to detect high speed targets, such as ballistic missile warheads. This radar has detection range of up to 175 km. It has a brief reaction time.
There are two variants of reloading vehicles. The Gladiator and Giant launcher vehicles are serviced by their own specialized transloaders. Reloading vehicles are operated by a crew of three. These are fitted with a crane and carry two larger or four smaller missiles. Reloading takes about 50-60 minutes. Essentially these vehicles are combination of the TEL and reloading vehicle. A unique capability of these vehicles is that they can launch missiles themselves. Firing data is acquired from the launcher vehicle.
The Antey-2500 uses two different missiles. The missiles are largely common in design. Both missiles are intended to engage aerial and ballistic targets. A smaller 9M83ME missile is used against aircraft, cruise missiles and smaller ballistic missiles. The larger 9M82ME missile is used to engage intermediate-range ballistic missiles, AWACS and jamming aircraft at ranges of up to 250 km. Warheads of both missiles are packed with 150 kg of explosives.
Once equipped with smaller 9M83ME missiles is referred in the West as the SA-23A Gladiator. When equipped with larger 9M82ME missiles it is referred as the SA-23B Giant.
9M82 Giant round and 9Ya238 transport container.@ausairpower.net9M83 Gladiator round and 9Ya240 transport container.@ausairpower.net