Daily Archives: March 25, 2016

US Navy extends Orbital ATK AGM-88E production

25 March, 2016 BY: James Drew Washington DC

The US Navy has extended production of AGM-88E Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM) multi-mode seekers, built by Orbital ATK, by three years to fiscal year 2023 with an added requirement for 556 more units.

That’s according to the Pentagon’s latest selected acquisition report, which shows an increase in planned production quantities from the 2003 objective of 1,879 units to 2,435, not including the 40 test assets. That and other changes bump up the total programme cost by $484.8 million to over $2 billion.

The missile modification was jointly developed by the USA and Italy to improve the effectiveness of legacy Raytheon AGM-88 High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) variants against fixed and relocatable enemy radar and communications sites, particularly those that would shut down to throw off incoming anti-radiation missiles. Australia also procures AGM-88Es.

Asset ImageBoeing F/A-18 Super Hornet flight tests AGM-88E – US Navy

The new seeker attaches to the existing Mach 2-capable rocket motor and warhead section, adding a passive anti-radiation homing receiver, satellite and inertial navigation system, and a millimetre wave radar for terminal guidance. It can also beam up images of the target via a satellite link just seconds before impact.

Raytheon produces an alternative modification kit for the US Air Force, known as the HARM Control Section Modification (HCSM).

The Orbital ATK AARGM is compatible with all F/A-18 models and the EA-18G Growler, plus the Panavia Tornado, F-16, EA-6B and it will be carried externally on the F-35. It went into full-rate production in 2012.

Original post flightglobal.com


Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM)

The Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AGM-88E) provides the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps and Italian Air Force the latest and most advanced weapon system for engaging and destroying enemy air defenses and time-critical, mobile targets. AARGM is a supersonic, medium-range, air-launched tactical missile compatible with U.S. and allied strike aircraft, including all variants of the F/A-18, Tornado, EA-18G, F-16, EA-6B, and F-35 (external).

Designed to upgrade the AGM-88 High-Speed, Anti-Radiation Missile system (HARM), AARGM features an advanced, digital, anti-radiation homing sensor, millimeter wave (MMW) radar terminal seeker, precise Global Positioning System/Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) guidance, net-centric connectivity, and Weapon Impact Assessment transmit (WIA). Missile Impact Transmitter capability is available for approved customers. The missile offers extended-range engagement, as well as organic, in-cockpit emitter targeting capability and situational awareness.

New capabilities for the warfighter include:

  • Anti-radar strike with advanced signal processing and vastly improved frequency coverage, detection range and field of view
  • Time-critical, standoff strike with supersonic GPS/INS point-to-point or point-to-MMW-terminal guidance
  • Missile-impact zone control to prevent collateral damage through tightly coupled, Digital Terrain Elevation Database-aided GPS/INS
  • Counter-emitter shutdown through active MMW-radar terminal guidance
  • WIA transmission prior-to-impact for bomb damage assessment

Orbital ATK is teamed with MBDA to provide this advanced, cost-effective weapon system to U.S. and approved allied customers.


Weight 355 kilograms (783 lb)
Length 4.1 metres (13 ft)
Diameter 254 millimetres (10.0 in)
Warhead WDU-21/B blast-fragmentation in a WAU-7/B warhead section, and later WDU-37/B blast-fragmentation warhead.
Warhead weight 66 kilograms (146 lb)
FMU-111/B laser proximity fuze

Engine Thiokol SR113-TC-1 dual-thrust rocket engine
Wingspan 1.1 metres (3.6 ft)
Propellant Solid fuel
150 kilometres; 92 miles (80 nmi)[3]
Speed 2,280 km/h (1,420 mph)
Passive radar homingwith home-on-jamGPS/INS and millimeter wave active radar homingin E variant.[4] 500-20,000 MHz for AGM-88C
F/A-18F-4G, F-16Tornado IDSF-35 and others

Source wikiwand.com

Russia to deploy missile systems on Kuril islands: Minister

By AFP     3 hours ago in World

Russia will deploy a range of coastal missile systems on the far-eastern Kuril islands, claimed by Japan, as part of its military build-up in the region, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said Friday.

“The planned rearmament of contingents and military bases on Kuril islands is under way. Already this year they will get Bal and Bastion coastal missile systems as well as new-generation Eleron-3 unmanned aerial vehicles,” Shoigu said during a ministry meeting.

Russia has been investing in military infrastructure on the Kuril islands, which Japan considers its territory, over the last few years, including building new barracks for personnel.

Shoigu said at the meeting that the military is focusing on “developing military infrastructure in the Arctic and Kuril island zones.”

Relations between Moscow and Tokyo have been strained for decades because of the status of the four southernmost islands in the Kuril chain, known as the Northern Territories in Japan.

Map locating the disputed Kuril islands off eastern Russia's Kamchatka peninsulaMap locating the disputed Kuril islands off eastern Russia’s Kamchatka peninsula, AFP/File

The Russian navy’s Pacific fleet next month will embark on a three-month mission to the Kurils to explore whether the islands could serve as a naval base as well.

This year and next year Russia is set to put up more than 350 buildings for military needs on the Kuril islands of Iturup and Kunashir, called Etorofu and Kunashiri in Japan.

Some 19,000 Russians live on the remote rocky islands, which were occupied by Soviet troops in the dying days of World War II.

The two countries have never officially struck a peace treaty and the lingering tensions over the issue have hampered trade ties for decades.

Original post digitaljournal.com


Other deployments:



bastion_kaliningrad1With 300 km range can control large parts of the southern Baltic Sea, for example from Kaliningrad. If you sit on Gotland will lock even more effective, as Karlis Neretnieks raised on Newsmill last week. – Image: oplatsen.wordpress.com

Source oplatsen.wordpress.com

Bal coastal missile systems

BAL-E Coastal Missile System with Kh-35E (3M-24E) Anti-ship Missiles

The Bal-E mobile coastal missile system is designed:

– to control straits and territorial waters;

– to protect naval bases, other coastal installations and infrastructures;

– to defend coastline in probable landing approach areas.

The missile system can conduct combat actions, providing fully autonomous after-launch missile guidance in fair and adverse weather conditions, by day and night, under enemy fire and electronic countermeasures.

The Bal-E is a mobile weapon system, based on the MAZ 7930 chassis, comprising:

– up to two self-propelled command, control and communications (C3) posts;

– up to four self-propelld launchers with the Kh-35E (3M-24E) type anti-ship missiles in transport-launch containers (eight TLCs on a standard launcher);

– up to four transport-reload vehicles intended for preparing the next salvo.

The C3 post provides target reconnaissance, designation and optimal distribution between launchers. Active and passive high-precision radar channels allow the system to implement flexible target acquisition strategies, including covert ones.

The launchers and transport-reload vehicles can be deployed in covered positions in the depth beyond the coastline. In this case neither covertness of their combat positions nor man-made and natural obstacles in the direction of fire will limit combat imployment of the system.

The system can conduct both single and salvo fire from any launcher, with the capability of receiving current information from other command posts and external reconnaissance/target disignation data sources.

A salvo can include up to 32 missiles. One such salvo can thwart a combat mission carried out by an enemy naval attack group, a landing force or a convoy.

The system can fire the next salvo in 30-40 minutes thanks to its transport-reload vehicles. Combat management of the Bal-E assets is based on digital data transmission, automated communications, message processing and ciphering with guaranteed security.

The system is equipped with night vision, navigation, survey and positioning aids enabling it to rapidly change its firing positions after completing the assigned mission, and relocate to a new combat area.

The system can be deployed in the new position within 10 minutes.

An integrated coastal defence system combining the  Bal-E CMS, offshore patrol vessels with the Uran-E ship-borne missile systems and missile-carrying combat aircraft armed with the Kh-35E (3M-24E) unified anti-ship missiles, would be able to perform diverse operational and tactical tasks at minimal costs thanks to a single missile maintenance and repair system.

The system’s structure and exact number of the C3 posts, launch and transport-reload vehicles are defined according to customer requirements. The MAZ-7930 self-propelled chassis can be replaced with other types of chssis (it can be proposed for the light-configuration Bal-E CMS with enhanced agility and off-road capacity).

The Bal-E CMS has a considerable potential for upgrading.

Employment of additional target designation assets, such as radar picket helicopters or remotely piloted aerial vehicles, allows the system to increase its target detection range and precision.

The Bal-E CMS can be equipped with passive interference systems to considerably enhance its invulnerability to enemy guided weapons in dueling situations. Other upgrading options are also considered.

Prime developer: Machine-Building Design Bureau


 Engagement range (from coastline), km  up to 120
 Fire position distance from coastline, km  up to 10
 ammunition load, msls  up to 8
 Inter-missile launch time (in salvo),sec  not more than 3
 Max speed, km/h:
 on road  60
 off road  20
 Missile launch weight, kg  about 620
 Total ammunition load, msls  up to 64
 Endurance range (without refueling), km  not less than 850

Source eng.ktrv.ru

Weapon Poseidon

The design of the Kh-35
1. Radar homing. 2. Penetrating warhead. 3. System liquidation. 4. Inertial guidance system. 5. Radio altimeter. 6. Intake. 7. Fuel System. 8. Turbofan engine. 9. Managing drive. 10. Tverdotoplivnyy boosters.

Bastion coastal missile systems: Details


YJ-62 Subsonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile

he YJ-62 cruise missile is a PLAN analogue to the anti-shipping variants of the RGM-109 Tomahawk/MRASM. The weapon has a similar general configuration to the Tomahawk family, but employs a unique fixed scoop inlet for the air breathing engine.

(images © 2009, Zhenguan Studio)

(images © 2009, Zhenguan Studio)

(images © 2009, Zhenguan Studio)

Claims for this weapon include an active radar homing seeker with a monopulse antenna, GPS/Glonass/inertial midcourse guidance, alternate turbojet and turbofan engines, and ship, sub, coastal battery and air launch configurations.


Cited specifications include  a length of 6.1/7.0 metres, launch mass of  1,140/1,350 kg,  warhead mass of 300 kg,  cruise speed of 0.9 Mach, range for turbojet variant of 280 km  /  150 NMI,  and dual mode anti-ship and coastal target capability similar to later blocks of the  Harpoon.

The YJ-62 is claimed to have been deployed on the Type 052C Luyang II destroyer. Source ausairpower.net

Image: Chinese Military Review


China Deploys YJ-62 Subsonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile To South China Sea’s Woody Island

By  On 03/25/16 

China has deployed a subsonic anti-ship cruise missile in South China Sea’s Woody Island amid heightened tensions in the disputed region, a report said earlier this week, citing recent imagery. Woody Island is a part of the Paracel Islands, and is largely controlled by China, but Taiwan and Vietnam have also laid claims on the islet.

The deployed Chinese anti-ship cruise missile YJ-62 has the capability to target any vessel within nearly 249 miles of the Woody Island. The image of launching YJ-62 was posted last Sunday on Chinese microblogging website Weibo, and it is consistent with photos copied from one of the many monthly Chinese military magazines that appear on Chinese military issue web pages, IHS Jane’s 360, a British publishing company that keeps records on military equipment, reported. The YJ-62 launch picture showed a radar dome, indicating that it is on Woody Island, the report added.

According to IHS Jane’s 360, the anti-ship cruise missile was likely deployed at about the same time the China’s HQ-9 surface-to-air missile system was first detected on the island in February. The YJ-62 reportedly arms the Type 052C destroyer launched in 2003.

On Thursday, Shahidan Kassim, Malaysia’s national security minister said about 100 Chinese-registered boats and vessels were detected, intruding into Malaysia’s waters near the Luconia Shoals in the South China Sea, state news agency Bernama reported. The minister added that the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency and the navy assets have been deployed to the area to examine the situation. If the Chinese ships were found to have trespassed into Malaysia’s exclusive economic zone, Kuala Lumpur would take legal action, Shahidan said, according to the news agency.

The South China Sea region has been long contested, with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam laying claim to various areas. Beijing has been expanding its presence in the disputed area and has built three runways on the Spratly archipelago. However, China has consistently defended its actions, saying it does not have any intentions of starting a conflict and that its aircraft facilities will maintain safety in the region.

Original post ibtimes.com

Updated May 09, 2021

BMD-4M airborne assault vehicles

The BMD-4M is a new generation amphibious infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) manufactured by Kurganmashzavod JSC, for the Russian Army. The vehicle will provide improved protection and support for the airborne troops.

The BMD-4M vehicle will undergo a complex test as per an agreement signed by Russia’s General Tank-Automation Command of the Ministry of Defence and airborne troops (VDV) in 2008. Serial manufacture is expected to commence in 2015 based on the test results.

BMD-4M airborne combat vehicle

The IFV was demonstrated in March 2008 and exhibited during the Russia Arms Expo (RAE) in September 2013. The Russian Ministry of Defence planned to deploy the vehicles with its VDV in December 2012.

BMD-4M IFV design and features

BMD-4M airborne combat vehicle – Image: militarytoday.com

The BMD-4M armoured infantry fighting vehicle was developed by Volgograd Tractor Plant and the Tula KBP Instrument Design Bureau. It is the modernised variant of the BMD-4 airborne combat vehicle. The upgraded IFV vehicle has a length of 6m, width of 3.15m and height of 2.7m. The combat weight of the vehicle is 13.5t.

BMD-4 airborne combat vehicle

BMD-4 airborne combat vehicle – Image: militarytoday.comBMD-4 airborne combat vehicle – Image: militarytoday.com

The BMD-4 airborne combat vehicle entered service with Russian airborne units in 2005. This vehicle uses the BMD-3 chassis, but carries a significantly more powerful armament. In some cases the BMD-4 can replace main battle tanks and artillery units with its firepower during landing operations. Some older BMD-3 are being upgraded to BMD-4, while a low-rate production of new vehicles continues.

Armor of this airborne combat vehicle provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. The BMD-4 is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems.

Vehicle has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. It provides accommodation for five fully equipped troops.

The BMD-4 is powered by the 2V-06-2 diesel engine, developing 450 hp. Vehicle can be paradropped with all the crew inside, thus saving time for the assembly after landing. Furthermore it is well suited for amphibious landing operations. The BMD-4 is fully amphibious and can fire all its weapons afloat at sea worthiness 2. On water it is propelled by two waterjets. Source military-today.com

The new IFV features more spacious hull compared to its predecessor. The manned compartment accommodates up to two crew and six infantrymen. The driver is seated in the front and the engine is placed at the rear part of the hull.

A satellite navigation system is incorporated to provide geographic location details. The vehicle also features a digital computer control system.

BMD-4M and BTR-MDM airborne armoured vehicles enter officially in service with Russian army: Details


Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) has officially brought into service BMD-4M Sadovnitsa(Gardener) airborne infantry fighting vehicle (AIFV) and BTR-MDM Rakushka (Shell) armoured personnel carrier (APC) developed by the Tractor Plants concern, according to a Russian military source.

Armament and protection of BMD-4M IFV

The airborne assault vehicle is armed with a 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic gun / missile launcher weighing 332kg.

100mm 2A70 main gun

100mm 2A70 semi-automatic gun / missile launcher – Image: thesovietarmourblog.blogspot.com

The 100mm gun uses an automatic loader with 34 rounds of 100mm ready to fire and 18 in reserve. The main gun can fire conventional types of ammunitions and also the 100mm laser-guided ammunition Arkan Tandem 9M117M1 which can be used against modern main battle tanks at a maximum range of 5,500m and against sheltered and exposed personnel and fortifications at a maximum range of 7,000m. Source thesovietarmourblog.blogspot.com

9M117M1 Arkan missile (top) and 3UBK23-3 cartridge with Arkan missile plus propelling charge (bottom) (thesovietarmourblog.blogspot.com)

The 2A70 gun is coupled to a highly reliable 30mm 2A72 automatic cannon mounted on the turret. It can fire GSh-6-30 rounds with a muzzle velocity of 960m/s. The rate of fire is more than 300 rounds per minute. The launcher can fire either 3UOF17 or 3UOF19 rounds at a rate of ten rounds a minute. Its muzzle velocity ranges from 250m/s to 355m/s.

30mm 2A72 automatic cannon

30mm 2A72 automatic cannon
The 2A72 is a late Cold War era 30mm autocannon of Soviet origin. It was developed as a less complex and lighter alternative to the widely used 2A42. Studies revealed that the 2A42 was virtually always used at the low rate of fire setting. By modifying and simplifying the 2A42 design it could be produced at lower cost and be used for a wider range of applications. The 2A72 is used both as main armament and as a coaxial weapon for the 100mm 2A70 low pressure cannon.
The 2A72 is a much simplified design based on the 2A42 consisting of only 349 parts instead of 578. Unlike the 2A42 it is not gas operated but recoil operated. A new design muzzle brake is used in order to retain enough recoil to cycle the weapon.
The 2A72 fires the common 30x165mm round of which several types are available. The rate of fire is 330 rpm which is effectively similar to the earlier 2A42 that was hardly used at the higher rate of fire setting. The effective range is 1.5 km versus armored vehicles. The effective range for the high explosive rounds is about 2 km versus infantry, vehicles and aircraft although it has a slant range of 4 km.

30 x 165mm round

2A72 cannon is a part of armament system of Russian highly advanced BMP-3 IFV, as well as a part of armament system of the KLIVER turret, designed for mounting on the old-design IFVs and APCs.

2A38 cannon is a part of armament system of self propelled, advanced AD gun/missile weapon systems 2S6/2S6M TUNGUSKA and PANTSYR-S1.

These weapon/ammunition systems are capable of engaging the following targets:

  • Low-flying aerial targets (fixed and rotary wing aircraft, UAV’s, cruise missiles, stand-off weapons )
  • Lightly armoured targets (APC’s, IFV’s)
  • Wide range of ground targets – field fortifications, dismounted infantry etc.
  • Wide range of targets in urban warfare

Basic features:

  • Advanced propellant charge design, providing for high ballistic performances of the projectile, low weight and small dimensions of the cartridge case, as well as for small cannon dimensions and weight and high weapon system ammunition capacity.
  • Highly reliable mechanical gun primer
  • Advanced steel cartridge case manufacturing technology, providing for high mechanical stress resistance and extremely high rate of fire weapon capabilities
  • Modern HE projectile design, providing extremely high interior and exterior ballistic performance and terminal efficiency against wide range of aerial and ground targets
  • Highly effective explosive charge ( RDX or RDX / Al mixture )
  • Effective range against aerial targets at more than 3000 m
  • Effective range against ground targets at more than 4000 m
  • Advanced impact fuzes with highly reliable self-destruction device
  • Highly reliable tracers with long burning time, enabling visual control of projectile’s flight
  • High flexibility of tactical use
  • Target practice/target practice with tracer rounds for training purposes

Source yugoimport.com

bmp-3firingImage: Tankograd
Type Autocannon
Caliber 30x165mm Soviet
Mechanism Recoil operated, electrically powered
Barrel rifled, 16 grooves, 716 mm right hand twist
Dimensions ?
Weight 84 kg overall, 36 kg barrel
Feeding ?
Rate of fire 330 rpm
Muzzle velocity 960 m/s
Recoil 6 kN
Remarks Muzzle brake, 6.000 round service life

Source weaponsystems.net

100mm 2A70 gun coupled to a 30mm 2A72 automatic cannon

100mm 2A70 semi-automatic gun / missile launcher coupled to a 30mm 2A72 automatic cannon


bakcha-u2A70 100mm cannon and a 2A72 30 mm automatic cannon turret

The secondary armament of the vehicle is a 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun which can fire Arkan Tandem 9M117M1 and Konkurs anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) systems.

7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun

7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun

The turret is also equipped with three smoke grenade dischargers each side at the front.

The vehicle is equipped with bullet proof armour protection. The all-welded aluminium chassis and turret protect the crew and infantrymen from small arms fire.

Fire control

The weapon system is integrated with an improved fire control equipment to provide the IFV with the ability to track and engage the targets while on the move. The fire control system incorporates a gunner’s sight to identify the targets during both day and night, a commander’s panoramic TV-aimed sight and an automatic target tracker.

Unobserved threats, antitank weapon and other small targets, fixed-wing and rotary-aircraft can be engaged at a maximum range of up to 4,000m. A total of eight Arkan ammunitions are carried, with four ready to use and four in reserve. Three smoke grenade dischargers are mounted to each side front of the turret. The BMD-4M can fire at day and night, while the vehicle is on the move, stationary or afloat. The weapon station is equipped with an advanced computerized fire control system including a combined day/night gunner’s sight, a commander’s panoramic TV-aimed sight, a digital computer, an automatic target tracker and automatic devices which supply data on unobserved targets.  Source thesovietarmourblog.blogspot.com

Engine and mobility

The BMD-4M is powered by a multi-fuel, type UTD-29 diesel engine that produces a power of 500hp.

UTD-29 diesel engine

Image: army-guide.com
Property Value
Engine power output (h.p.)
Number of cylinders
Cylinder bore (mm)
Cylinder stroke (mm)
Weight (kg)
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
The armoured vehicle offers superior mobility in all terrains, thanks to increased track length and reduced ground pressure. It can accomplish a speed of 69.4km/h on highways and 10km/h afloat. It has a cruising range of 500km on highways. The ground clearance ranges from 130mm to 530mm.

An adjustable hydro-pneumatic suspension system connects the vehicle to five dual rubber-tyred wheels.

bmdAdjustable hydro-pneumatic suspension system 

The running gear and the chassis control system of the upgraded vehicle include more power-plant installation units. The chassis is also incorporated with control linkages, pumping devices and water jet propellers used in BMP-3 amphibious IFV.

The BMD-4M can be dropped from airplane by use of a parachute platform. It can also drive through the water.


Entered service 2014
Crew 2 men
Personnel 6 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 13.5 t
Length ~ 6.4 m
Hull length ~ 6.1 m
Width ~ 3.1 m
Height ~ 2.5 m
Main gun 100-mm gun, 30-mm cannon
ATGW Bastion
Machine guns ?
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
Machine guns ?
Engine UTD-29 diesel
Engine power 500 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 10 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 1.8 m
Fording Amphibious

Specifications data militarytoday.com

Main material source army-technology.com 

See details of  Il-76 cargo aircraft: HERE

The Il-76 cargo aircraft can carry two of these ACVs.

Bakhcha-UPDS multi-dome parachute landing system: Details

The engine, with a power of 500 horsepower, allows the machine to reach speeds up to 65 kilometers per hour. In addition, BMD-4M is able to force a serious water obstacles, literally swimming across them. The speed of the machine can reach 10 miles per hour. Without refueling the BMD-4M can cover a distance of up to five hundred kilometers. This allows her to fight for several hours as breaking through the line of defense and retreat, if the need arises. The BMD-4M is the world’s only machine that can be parachuted together with the crew – and right into the fray.

As the previous vehicle, the modernized BMD-4 is adapted to make parachute landing from airplane of transport aviation together with the crew, and also to moving over the water and ground. The BMP-4M is to Spawn a range of derivatives for use by the Army and other uniformed services. This will both enable Kurganmashzavod and VgTZ to step up their output and expand their export capabilities. Power plant installation, running gear and the chassis control system with plants unified with systems of BMP-3 allowed to increase the following functional characteristics of modernized vehicle:

  • Maneuverability: cause of increasing the average traveling speed (the power of engine is 50 h.p. more)
  • Cross-country ability is better, because of the lowering specific ground pressure by the increasing of track undersurface length.
  • Reliability of PPC and running gears units (road wheels, tracks).
  • Volumetric capacity: the crew is increased from 7 to 8 men in the manned compartment because of the great compactness of the power plant compartment.
  • Controllability is better because of the usage of chassis digital informative-processing system.
  • Fire power: the fighting compartment with improved fire control system, digital control system and satellite navigation were set at the vehicle.
  • Buoyancy: the rear part of the vehicle is made without space above power pack, which increases inside volume of hull and reserve vehicle buoyancy (up to 41,5%), and different on buoyancy is not more than 2… 3º.
  • Ergonomy: convenient come in/out through the rear hatch for the crew, that is sitting near the bulkhead, and the possibility to leave the vehicle through the hatches on the roof (above the draught-line) without pouring water inside.

By 2013 a total of 123 BMD-3 and 60 BMD-4 airborne combat vehicles were in service with the Russian Airborne Troops, with the rest being outdated BMD-2 models. The Russian military expected to acquire at least 1,000 BMD-4Ms under the current rearmament program until 2020.

The Russian Defense Ministry is to receive more than 250 airborne troops’ combat vehicles BMD-4M and armored personnel carriers BTR-MDM Rakushka over three years to come under a contract with the Tractor Plants concern, its first vice-president and co-owner, Albert Bakov told TASS 13 May 2015. “We have a three-year contract with the Defense Ministry for providing BMD-4M and BTR-MDM. More than 250 vehicles are to be delivered to the airborne troops,” Bakov said.

According to earlier reports, the first batch of the new vehicles was provided in early March 2015. Then it was expected that Russia’s paratroop units would receive a total of 62 BMD-4M and 22 BTR Rakushka by the end of the year. Source thesovietarmourblog.blogspot.com

BTR Rakushka: Details

BTR Rakushka
Entered service 2014
Crew 2 men
Personnel 6 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 13.5 t
Length ~ 6.4 m
Hull length ~ 6.1 m
Width ~ 3.1 m
Height ~ 2.5 m
Main gun 100-mm gun, 30-mm cannon
ATGW Bastion
Machine guns ?
Ammunition load
Main gun ?
Machine guns ?
Engine UTD-29 diesel
Engine power 500 hp
Maximum road speed 70 km/h
Amphibious speed on water 10 km/h
Range 500 km
Gradient 60%
Side slope 30%
Vertical step 0.8 m
Trench 1.8 m
Fording Amphibious

Source military-today.com

Updated Dec 24, 2016