Russia Test-Fires Hypersonic Zircon Missiles

According to IBT

Russia Test-Fires Hypersonic Zircon Missiles For Nuclear Submarines, Weapons To Reach Mach 5 Speed

By @VishakhaNS On 03/17/16 AT 8:08 AM

Russia began testing its navy’s new hypersonic Zircon cruise missiles, Sputnik News reported citing RIA Novosti Thursday. The cruise missiles are expected to reach five or six times the speed of sound (Mach 5 or Mach 6), the report added.

“The tests of the hypersonic Zircon missiles have begun using a ground-based launching site,” a senior Defense Ministry source told RIA Novosti, according to Sputnik News.

Once the tests are confirmed successful, the missile will reportedly be presented for state approval. It will reportedly be installed on Russia’s newest fifth-generation Husky-class nuclear submarines, which are currently being developed.

Modern Russian anti-ship missiles, like Onyx, can reach up to Mach 2.6 (750 meters per second). The sea-based Kalibr cruise missile travels at a Mach 0.9 speed, but while approaching the target, its warhead speeds up to Mach 2.9.

The Zircon hypersonic cruise missiles will also be used for Russian battleship Pyotr Veliky, Tass news agency reported last month. The range of the missile is likely to be just over 248 miles.

“The Pyotr Veliky will start repairs in the third or fourth quarter of 2019. Repairs and upgrade are due for completion in late 2022, the ship to be equipped with Zircon hypersonic anti-ship missiles,” a source told Tass at the time.



3M22 Zircon Hypersonic Missile in Development Testing for Russian Navy Kirov-class Cruiser

Posted by DD Friday, 19 February 2016 


“Russian cutting-edge hypersonic missile 3M22 of the 3K22 Zircon system is in the development trials. The Project 11442 (NATO reporting name: Kirov-class) Pyotr Veliky nuclear-powered missile cruiser will carry the type following its upgrade, a shipbuilding industry source told TASS on Friday.”

“The tests of the 3K22 Zircon system are planned for completion by 2020. The system is expected to be unveiled in the air-launched and ship-based variants. Its characteristics are classified.

Navy Recognition understands that early rumors indicate the Indo-Russian BrahMos II hypersonic cruise missile may be an export variant of the Zircon (just as the BarhMos missile share many similarities with the Russian P-800 Oniks missile).

The planned operational range of the BrahMos-II is about 300 kilometers and its speed is set to be around Mach 7 thanks to a ramjet engine.

Pyotr Veliky is the fourth Kirov class cruiser (and the only one operational today), a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian Navy. It is the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships after aircraft carriers currently in active operation in the world.

As was reported in the press, the Sevmash Shipyard and the Special Machinebuilding Design Bureau (KBSM, a subsidiary of Almaz-Antei) made a deal for 10 3S-14-11442M vertical launch systems (VLS) to equip the Project 11442M Admiral Nakhimov missile cruiser being upgraded now. The contract is valued at 2.559 billion rubles ($33.5 million). Thus, the ship’s 20 inclined below-deck launchers of P-700 Granit antiship missiles (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) will be replaced with 10 VLS modules of the UKSK versatile ship-based launch system. The VLS modules will total 80. The same solution is expected to be applied to the Pyotr Veliky cruiser.

The 3S-14 VLS can launch the missiles of the Kalibr family (SS-N-27 Sizzler). In addition, the equipment for testing the VLS using mockups of the 3M-54, 3M55 and 3M22 antiship missiles is to be ready be December 2016.”  Source DD Friday, 19 February 2016 

Pyotr Velikiy missile cruiser project 1144 Kirov-class

Russia’s nuclear hunter of aircraft carriers to get hypersonic cruise missiles by 2022

Posted by RT 24 Feb, 2016


“The source also confirmed that a prototype of the Zircon hypersonic cruise missile is undergoing government flight development tests. Once the tests are confirmed successful, the missile is going to be presented for state approval.

Another source told TASS that the heavy cruiser is going to be refitted with the brand-new multipurpose 3S-14 vertical launch systems.

3S-14s or UKSK VLS 

Reportedly, each of the 10 3S-14s in production right now has eight missile containers that can house three types of anti-ship missiles: Zircon, Onyx or Kalibr.

Zircon hypersonic cruise missile top speed is thought to be at least 5-6 Mach, yet possibly could reach over 10 Mach

“Russia’s nuclear-powered guided-missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy (Peter the Great) is to be armed with hypersonic cruise missiles by 2022. Ultra-secret Zircon missiles are rumored to be passing final tests before being considered for introduction.”

Altogether, the cruiser will be armed with 80 anti-ship missiles, enough to engage any existing naval force globally.

Modern Russian anti-ship missiles, like Onyx, have an operational speed of up to 2.6 Mach (750 m/s or 2,700 km/h). The sea-based Kalibr cruise missile travels at a mere 0.9 M speed, yet when approaching the target its warhead speeds up to 2.9 M.

[IMG]Kalibr cruise missile – 3M54T – US DoD designation SS-N-27A (NATO codename also “Sizzler”). The anti-shipping variant is deployed by the Russian Navy, in a surface ship with a VLS launched system and a thrust vectoring booster; its Basic length is 8.9 m (29 ft), its warhead weight and other performances are the same as the 3M-54.  It is a Sea-skimmer with supersonic terminal speed and a flight altitude of 4.6 metres (15 ft) at its final stage; its speed is then Mach 2.9. @wikipedia.org01a04aa0c2-2c21-4300-a6fb-e796863ee821largeThe P-800 Oniks (Russian: П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian: Яхонт; English: ruby), is a Soviet/Russian supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55, the air launched Kh-61 variant also exists. Development officially started in 1983, and by 2001 allowed the launch of the missile from land, sea, air and submarine. The missile has the NATO reporting codename SS-N-26 “Strobile”. It is reportedly a replacement for the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also for the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos. Oniks (version for Russia): 600km (max range) Yakhont (export version): 120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude Mach 2.5

No technical information is currently available about the upcoming hypersonic cruise missile, reportedly being developed in at least two, airborne and seaborne, options.

Its top speed is thought to be at least 5-6 Mach, yet possibly could reach over 10 Mach maximums.” Source[IMG]Kalibr cruise missile coverage range
Class overview
Builders: Baltic Shipyard, Leningrad
Operators: · Soviet Navy

· Russian Navy

Built: 1974–1998
In service: From 1980
Planned: 5
Completed: 4
Cancelled: 1
Active: 1 (1 undergoing modernization)
Retired: 2
General characteristics
Type: Heavy guided missile cruiser/battlecruiser with nuclear marine propulsion
Displacement: ·24,300 tons standard

·28,000 tons full load

Length: 252 m (827 ft)
Beam: 28.5 m (94 ft)
Draft: 9.1 m (30 ft)
Propulsion: ·2-shaft CONAS, 2× KN-3 nuclear marine propulsion with 2× GT3A-688 steam turbines

·140,000 shp (100,000 kW)

Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range: ·1,000 nmi (1,900 km; 1,200 mi) at 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph) (combined propulsion)

·unlimited at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph) on nuclear power

Complement: 710



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