According to Defense Industry Daily
Friday, March 4, 2016
Poland and Lockheed Martin are back in discussions over the possible procurement of the Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS). The tender, estimated to be in the region of $5 billion, would form a central pillar of Poland’s large-scale military modernization efforts made all the more urgent by the Ukraine crisis and Russia’s renewed assertiveness in the region. A deal between Lockheed and the government, now five months in power, would represent a shift from the previous government, who were on the cusp of purchasing two Patriot batteries from Raytheon. An agreement on the MEADS deal would represent a massive coup for Lockheed, as they try to gather customers from countries looking to replace their aging Patriot systems.
Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)
The Medium Extended Air Defense System or MEADS was jointly developed by Germany, Italy and the United States. This air defense system was intended to replace the Patriot systems in Germany and the United States, as well as ageing Nike Hercules systems in Italy. Development was initiated in 2004 by Italy and the United States. In 2005 Germany officially joined the program. The United States originally planned to obtain 48 MEADS launchers with 1 528 missiles, however in 2011 the Pentagon deiced to cancel the procurement, but continued funding the development. The MEADS air defense system reached initial operational capability in 2012. It will gradually replace the older systems in Germany and Italy. Interestingly, the MEADS is used by Italian Air Force, however Italian Army uses a different SAMP/T system. Source military-today.com
The main role of the MEADS is to defend maneuver forces and key installations against aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, as well as tactical and short-range ballistic missiles (with a maximum range of up to 1 000 km), and cruise missiles.
The MEADS system uses proven MIM-104F missiles. The same missiles are used by the Patriot PAC-3 system. This missile is highly maneuverable and destroys targets by ramming them. Yet still it has a small HE-FRAG warhead to enhance the kill probability. The MIM-104F missile is the baseline interceptor of the system, though on German MEADS systems it is expected to be supplemented by a secondary IRIS-T SLS short-range missile.
The baseline MIM-104F missile has a range of around 40 km. It is likely that it can reach targets at an altitude of up to 20 km. Range of the IRIS-T SLS is likely to be up to 35 km. Missiles are stored in canisters.
Computers and Intelligence (BMC4I) Tactical Operations Center (TOC) MEADS BMC4I – defenceindustrydaily.com
MEADS launcher – omanobserver.om
X-band Multifunction Fire Control Radar
UHF Surveillance Radar
UHF Surveillance Radar – img.bemil.chosun.com
The certified IFF system is used in both MEADS 360-degree radar configurations. The Surveillance Radar is a 360-degree, active electronically steered array radar that provides extended range coverage. The Multifunction Fire Control Radar is a 360-degree X-band, solid-state, phased array radar that provides precision tracking and wideband discrimination and classification capabilities. Both radars provide threat-detection capability against highly maneuverable, low-signature threats, including short- and medium-range ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and other air-breathing threats.
PAC-3 Missile Segment Enhancement (PAC-3 MSE) – lockheedmartin.com
The MEADS systems uses the PAC-3 MSE missile. The ‘hit-to-kill’ PAC-3 Missile is the world’s most advanced, capable and powerful theater air defense missile. It defeats the entire threat spectrum of tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs) carrying weapons of mass destruction, advanced cruise missiles and aircraft.
The PAC-3 MSE Missile provides increased performance, greater altitude and range than the PAC-3 Cost Reduction Initiative (CRI) Missile fielded today. It incorporates threat-driven and technology-enabled hardware and software upgrades to defeat the advancing threat set.
• The solid-rocket motor now has a second pulse and is larger in diameter.
• Aerodynamic surfaces are larger and the span of the aft control surfaces is greater to accommodate the increased performance envelope.
• Thermal batteries have been sized consistent with increased performance and longer mission time.
• The PAC-3 MSE Missile is packaged in a single canister that stacks to provide flexibility for the Patriot or MEADS launcher load-out requirements.