Monthly Archives: February 2016

Iraq is to receive a $350 million five-year sustainment package for its KA-350 fleet

Rapid Fire | Thursday, February 25, 2016

Iraq is to receive a $350 million five-year sustainment package for its KA-350 fleet after the sale was approved by the US Congress. The six King Air aircraft were purchased from manufacturer Beechcraft in 2007 with five possessing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities. The latest package will include provision of operational and intermediate depot level maintenance, spare parts, component repair, publication updates, maintenance training, and logistics. The majority of the aircraft have been used in supporting Iraqi military operations against Al-Qaeda affiliates and Islamic State militants in the country.

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IqAF 350-ISR 

The Stunning Range Of North Korea’s Missiles

According to The Daily Caller

This New Map Shows The Stunning Range Of North Korea’s Missiles

12:16 PM 02/11/2016

North Korea successfully launched its sixth long-range rocket into orbit Sunday, showing a not insignificant leap in progress of its long-range ballistic missile program.

Both South Korean and U.S. officials said the launch appeared to be successful. The range of the Taepodong-3 has increased by 30 percent, compared to previous estimates, experts say.

The new range means that the entire American continent is now well within striking distance of the missile.

DS-north-korea-13000-km-466x620
The advancement of North Korea’s long-range ballistic missile program gets better with each launch, as it learns what’s working and what’s not. After two failed launches of the Taepodong-2 in 2006 and 2009, the Taepodong-3 has had better results since putting a satellite into orbit in 2012.

The Taepodong-3 adds significant distance compared to estimates of North Korea’s other ballistic missiles.

MS-2016-north-korea-missiles-map-620x457.jpg

Pyongyang claims the tests are part of its peaceful space program, but experts argue that the technology is good enough to easily drop a nuclear weapon on American soil.

“We assess that they have the capability to reach the homeland with a nuclear weapon from a rocket,” Admiral Bill Gortney, commander of U.S. Northern Command and the North American Aerospace Defense Command, said last October. “We’re ready for him [North Korean leader Kim Jong-un], and we’re ready 24 hours a day if he should be dumb enough to shoot something at us.”

North Korea claimed to have successfully tested a hydrogen bomb Jan. 5. U.S. analysis of the test indicated that the claim was false, and that the test was not a hydrogen bomb.

Henry Sokolski of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center said the test was still alarming.

“This is a big deal, even if it’s not a two-stage device,” Sokolski told The Wall Street Journal. “One of these smaller devices…will do quite fine.”

Follow Jacob on Twitter

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Sorry couldn’t help myself for adding a pic of  Kim Jong-un laughing

northkorea940a

 

PZL-130 Orlik Trainer Aircraft

PZL-130 Orlik is a two-seat primary jet trainer which was designed and manufactured by Poland-based Panstwowe Zaklady Lotnicze (PZL) Warszawa-Okecie (now known as Airbus Military) for the Polish Air Force (PoAF). Approximately 50 Orlik aircraft are currently operational worldwide.

In September 2011, Airbus Military Polska signed an agreement with the PoAF to build an advanced version, the PZL-130 Orlik TC-II GC.

The upgraded version will feature a glass cockpit integrated with a modern avionics suite. It minimises the workload of the pilot, enhancing safety and efficiency of flight operations. It is expected to fly in 2013, with certification planned for the same year.

PZL-130 Orlik trainer variants

bilde[1]

The PZL-130 has six variants, namely PZL-130T Turbo Orlik, PZL-130TM Orlik, PZL-130TB Orlik, PZL-130TC I Orlik, PZL-130TC II Orlik and PZL-130TC III Orlik.

Variants

PZL-130 Orlik

The original aircraft with one Vedeneyev M14Pm piston engine

PZL-130T Turbo Orlik

Variant with a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25P turboprop engine

PZL-130TM Orlik

Variant with a Walter M601E turboprop engine

PZL-130TB Orlik

Variant with a Walter M601T turboprop engine

PZL-130TC I Orlik

Variant with added Martin-Baker Mk.11, zero-zero class ejection seats and modernized avionics

PZL-130TC II Orlik (Garmin)

Variant with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop, added winglets, modernized Garmin avionics and changed flight tutor’s seat position

PZL-130TC II Orlik (GC)

Variant with glass cockpit and Head-Up Display, company name is Orlik MPT (Multi Purpose Trainer).

Source wikiwand.com

The PZL-130T Turbo Orlik is an improved version powered by a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25P turboprop engine.

The PZL-130TM Orlik is equipped with a Walter M601E turboprop engine. The PZL-130TB Orlik is incorporated with a Walter M601T turboprop engine.

PZL 130 TC-1

The PZL-130TC I Orlik features Martin-Baker Mk11 zero by zero ejection seats and modern avionics. Its maiden flight took place in 1989. The PZL-130TC II Orlik is powered by Pratt & Whitney’s Canada PT6A-25C turboprop engine and a four-blade Hartzell propeller.

PZL-130TC II Orlik (GC) MPT (Multi Purpose Trainer)

The PZL-130TC III Orlik will house an advanced avionics including a head-up display.

Orders, deliveries and design of the PZL-130 Orlik

The PoAF ordered 48 PZL-130 Orlik aircraft in 1991. About 28 PZL-130s were in service with the PoAF as of September 2011.

The aircraft is designed to supersede the existing PZL-110 Kolibers and meet the US FAR 23 regulations.

It can hover with a flight envelope of +7g and -3g. The tricycle-type retractable landing gear design enables the Orlik to operate on unprepared and semi-prepared airstrips.

15878Image: galeria.aviateam.pl

The PZL-130 is designed for aerobatic training, IFR training, navigation training, formation flying, air combat training, air gunnery, ground attacks, reconnaissance, target acquisition and target towing.

Development of the PZL-130 Orlik trainer aircraft

The proposal to build the PZL-130 was raised in 1980. PZL Warszawa-Okecie started working on the design of PZL-130 in 1981.

Development commenced in 1982 with an intention to build four airframes (a static test aircraft and three flying prototypes). The maiden flight of the initial prototype took place in October 1984. The second and third prototypes went on their first flights in December 1984 and January 1985. A static test aircraft was also completed during this time.

The third prototype was initially planned to be powered by an M14Pm engine but was equipped with a PT6A-25A turboprop engine in 1985 due to delays of the former engine’s deliveries. Its maiden flight took place in July 1986. The aircraft crashed in January 1987 during its demonstration for the Colombian Air Force.

Three additional prototypes powered by the 560kW Motorlet M601D, the 410kW PT6A-25A and the 708kW PT6A-62 flew in 1989 / 1990.

The PZL-130 Orlik entered service with the PoAF in 1993.

GE BGA Turboprops M-601E (H80 turboprop)

GE BGA Turboprops M-601E

H80 turboprop engine for small business and transport aircraft, agricultural and other machinery. It was developed at GE BGA Turboprops, which is Letňanská branch of the American company General Electric and former Walter. H80 comes directly from his predecessor M601, which is evidenced by the initial indications M601H-80’s. It is interesting that as the engine M601 was a long 35 years, the last large Czech turbine engine. The new type has over its predecessor higher performance and lower specific fuel consumption. Another important change is the improvement of properties in extreme weather conditions, particularly at high ambient temperature, or when operating at high altitudes. Translated by google – Source leteckemotory.cz *For PT6A see below

Upgrades and cockpit

hubert-dajnowskiImage: hubertdajnowski.pl

Airbus Military was awarded a PLN 148m ($52.5m) contract by Poland Defence Ministry in January 2010 to upgrade 16 PLZ-130 to TC II standards. Work on the upgrade includes integration of improved winglets, advanced engines and a Garmin avionics suite.

Poland - Air Force PZL-Okecie PZL-130 TC-II Turbo Orlik

The first upgraded PZL-130 TCII Orlik was introduced at the PZL Warszawa – Okecie facility in September 2010. The upgrade programme is planned for completion by March 2014.

MSPO 2016: Orlik – A Turboprop Simulator of the F-16

During the Kielce MSPO Defence Exhibition, Airbus Defence & Space showcased the project related to the TC-II MPT upgrade package dedicated for the PZL-130 Orlik turboprop trainer aircraft. The airframe offered by the PZL “Warszawa-Okęcie” facility is a military turboprop trainer which is to fuse low operational costs, providing the level of training proper for the lead-in training programme designed for the pilots of fast jets.

At the moment, the Polish Air Force operates 28 PZL-130 Orlik trainers. Up until 2013, 16 examples of this aircraft have been upgraded to the TC-II Garmin standard, featuring a new wing, Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6 750 HP engine, four-blade Hartzell propeller, and additional avionics. 

At the moment, Airbus Defence & Space proposes that further modernization works are carried out so that the trainer, the roots of which date back to the 1980s, receives a glass cockpit avionics suite from the MPT (Multi-Purpose Trainer) variant. Such equipment would allow the student-pilots to effortlessly make their transition to the M-346 Master and F-16C/D Jastrząb jet aircraft. 

According to the arguments made by the manufacturer, the training requirements form a need to implement the glass cockpit avionics, so peculiar of the 4th and 5th generation fighters, at the second stage of the pilot’s training programme. Using a turboprop aircraft at this stage of the training would make it possible to limit the operational costs. 

TC-II MPT version of the Orlik features glass cockpit avionics including MFD and HUD displays, controlled by a computer which receives the commands from UFCP and HOTAS systems, and which is also coupled with the navigation and communications suites. All of the systems listed above have analogous modes of operation and are designated identically to those used in the Polish F-16 fighter aircraft. The open architecture of the avionics also makes it possible to expand the whole suite with more functionalities, such as the IFF system or third MFD.

The equipment installed on the aircraft, including the armament and Doppler radar simulating systems, make it possible to train the pilots in air-to-air and ground attack scenarios, also in adverse weather conditions and at night. PZL-130 Orlik TC-II may also act as a flying simulator of combat sorties. Source defence24.com

The digital glass cockpit of the PZL-130 Orlik accommodates two flight crew members, a student pilot and a flight instructor in tandem seat configuration. It is enfolded by an oval-shaped glass canopy to render clear visibility. The cockpit is equipped with two Martin-Baker zero-zero ejection seats, head-up display, mission computer and multifunctional displays.

Front seat – PZL-130TC II Orlik (Garmin)
Front seat – Image: defence24.comrearRear seat – Image: defence24.comRear seat – Image: defence24.com

Martin-Baker Mk 11L ejection seats

Martin-Baker Mk 11L ejection seats. 

Engine, propeller and performance

pzl-130Five-bladed Hartzell propeller – Image: hubertdajnowski.pl

The PZL-130 Orlik is powered a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop engine rated at 560kW of output power. It also features a five-bladed Hartzell propeller which can rotate at a constant speed of 2,200rpm.

The engine is incorporated with a single-stage centrifugal compressor, reverse flow combustor, a multistage axial, a single-stage compressor turbine, epicyclic speed diminution gearbox and digital electronics engine controls.

Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop engine

pt6a-overhaul750hp (560kW) Pratt & Whitney PT6A-25C turboprop engine 
  Thermodynamic
Power
Class*
(ESHP***)
Mechanical
Power
Class*
(SHP)
Propeller
Speed
(Max. RPM)
Height**
(Inches)
Width**
(Inches)
Length**
(Inches)
PT6A ‘Small’
(A-11 to A-140)
600 to
1075
500 to
900
1,900 to
2,200
21 to
25
21.5 61.5 to
64
* Powers are approximate values at take-off. Available at sea level, standard day, static conditions, uninstalled.
** Dimensions are approximate values.
*** Equivalent Shaft Horsepower: includes estimated equivalent contribution of exhaust thrust.

Source pwc.ca

orlik-ii-5a

The PZL-130 can climb at the rate of 14.8m/s. The maximum and cruise speeds of the aircraft are 480km/h and 456km/h respectively. The stall speed is 120km/h. The maximum range is 2,200km and the service ceiling is 9,800m.

Operators: Here

Specifications (PZL-130TC II Orlik)

1384298_10152423055986006_5899093183305131191_nImage: taringa.net

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.3 m (30 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 3.53 m (11 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 14.56 m2 (156.7 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,825 kg (4,023 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,400 kg (5,291 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 2,950 kg (6,504 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C turboprop, 560 kW (750 shp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 550 km/h (342 mph; 297 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 490 km/h (304 mph; 265 kn)
  • Range: 2,200 km (1,367 mi; 1,188 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,808 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 14.4 m/s (2,830 ft/min)

Armament

  • Hardpoints: 6 with a capacity of 700 kg (1,500 lb),

Specification revolvy.com

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Revised Mar 23, 2017

Indonesia to increase defense budget to $18.7 billion Thailand needs to follow suit -Updated

According to Xinhua

2016-02-23 20:03:49

JAKARTA, Feb. 23 (Xinhua) — Indonesian President Joko Widodo on Tuesday said that he sought to increase the country’s defense budget in an effort to support facilities at the country’s military.

Joko said that Indonesian government would raise the allocation for defense and security to at least 250 trillion rupiah (about 18.717 billion U.S. dollars), or 1.5 percent of the country’s GDP, in three years.

The president added that the hike could be achieved if the country’s economy, which is the largest in Southeast Asia, increased 6 percent.

“Going forward, professionalized armed forces must be boosted by the development of weaponry,” Joko said at the State Palace.

Indonesia’s economy picked up to 5.04 percent at the final quarter of last year from 4.79 percent at the previous three months ended September amid the country’s massive efforts to boost investment climate.

Former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono previously said that Indonesia planned to step up its weaponry at the level which he called “the essential level,” as the country had been long not to modernize weaponry.

However, President Jokowi insisted to use more domestically manufactured weaponry in part to boost the competitiveness of the country’s weaponry industry.

Terrorism, transnational crime and insurgency are among the main challenges being faced by the Indonesian military.

Source @Xinhua

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Authors Note:

Thailand needs to up it’s defense spending in accordance with our neighbors or else we will be left behind with outdated equipment.  As currently ranked as the 2nd most powerful armed forces in SE Asia after Indonesia by Global Fire Power 2016

Thailand needs to increase defense spending to 3% of GDP or around $12 billion

However, according to SIPRI 2015 Yearbook Thailand is ranked No.1 in SE Asia and No.16 in the world while Indonesia is ranked 2nd in SE Asia and No.19 in the world. (see table below)

Top-5-world-military-2015-report*data provided by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s (SIPRI) Yearbook 2015.

Current Military Spending by SE Asia 2014 (The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) recently released their 2014)

Military-Expenditures-in-2014_800ASEAN countries military expenditures in 2014 in current U.S. dollar terms. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary AbuzaMilitaryExpenditures_800Southeast Asian military expenditures percent change from 2010-2014 in current U.S. dollar terms. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.Southeast Asian countries’ defense spending as a percentage of GDP and defense spending as a percentage of overall government spending. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.

Thailand defense budget accounts for only 6.6 percent of government spending below the regional average of 8.8 percent.

Southeast Asian military expenditures from 2010-2014 shown in millions of current U.S. dollars. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.

Thailand spending is just slightly higher than Malaysia (see above chart and below) the chart does not reflect the fact that the Royal Thai Armed forces comprise of over 360,000 personal compared vs Malaysia 110,000 personal and Indonesia Armed Forces of 396,000 personal.

Southeast Asia’s per capita military expenditure for 2014, in current U.S. dollars. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.

After a sharp fall due to the Asian financial crisis in 1997, Indonesia has seen the largest increase in military expenditure in the region. Between 2001 and 2014, defense spending increased from under $1 billion to over $7 billion, a 664 percent increase, and a 784 percent increase in rupiah. The sharpest rise occurred after President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono came into office in October 2004. Between 2005 and 2013, defense spending rose 290 percent, before falling slightly in 2014. Between 2013 and 2014, military spending fell by 16 percent in current U.S. dollars, but only 4.8 percent in rupiah. Source cogitasia.com

Indonesia_800Indonesian military expenditure in the post-Suharto era, shown in current U.S. dollar terms. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.

In 2014, Indonesia accounted for 18 percent of all of ASEAN defense spending. Military spending accounted for 4.1 percent of total government spending in 2014, less than half of the regional average of 8.8 percent. Indonesian defense spending as a percentage of GDP was the lowest in the region at 0.8 percent, well below the average of 2.2. percent. Per capita defense spending in Indonesia is $27.80, the second lowest in the region after Cambodia. Source cogitasia.com

Thailand-2005-2016_800Thailand’s military expenditure from 2005-2016 in millions of current U.S. dollars. Note that 2016 spending is projected based on a budget proposed in April 2015. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza. (NOTE THAI FIGURES ARE FOR 2016 WHILE THE REST ARE 2014)

Surprisingly, Thai military expenditure was only 1.5 percent of GDP in 2015, below the regional average of 2.2 percent. Likewise it was only 6.6 percent of government spending below the regional average of 8.8 percent. Thailand continues to lag in per capita spending, at $85.30, below the regional average of $392.

Malaysia has seen a steady but modest increase in military spending between 2010-2014, 27.6 percent, below the regional average of 37.7 percent. Malaysia has the fourth largest defense expenditure in the region, representing 13 percent of the ASEAN total in 2014. Defense spending fell by 1.6 percent between 2013 and 2014 in U.S. dollar terms, but increased 5.5 percent in ringgit. Defense represented a modest 5.4 percent of government spending and only 1.5 percent of GDP, well below the regional average of 2.2 percent in 2014. Per capita defense spending is $163 in Malaysia, third in ASEAN. Per capita spending increased 23 percent between 2010 and 2011, but has been flat since then.  Source cogitasia.com

Philippines-Malaysia-Vietnam_800

Vietnam has seen the steadiest increase in military expenditure in the region. In the decade between 2005 and 2014, its military spending increased by 314 percent. In that time it has developed the most lethal power projection capabilities in Southeast Asia, including one of the largest navies, with advanced Kilo-class submarines, and the most sophisticated missile force in the region. Vietnam’s $5.73 billion defense budget in 2014 was the fifth largest and 11 percent of the ASEAN total. (Note: Flaw in reporting as in 2014 Thailand spent $5.7 billion therefore, the same as Vietnam even though Thailand is the second largest economy in SE Asia) Defense expenditure rose 14.1 percent in US$ and 15.4 percent in dong, between 2013 and 2014. Between 2010 and 2014, Vietnamese military spending increased 59.1 percent in U.S. dollars and 81 percent in dong. Vietnamese defense spending in 2014 was 2.2 percent of GDP, the ASEAN average. As a share of total government spending, 8.3 percent, it was just under the regional average of 8.8 percent. Per capita spending in Vietnam is still low, only $46.

The Philippine government is starting to make long needed investments in its military. Defense spending was $3.3 billion in 2014, or 9 percent of ASEAN’s total. In current U.S. dollars, this was a 2.5 percent decline from 2013, but actually a two percent increase in pesos. Between 2010 and 2014, Philippine defense spending increased, 35 percent, near the regional average of 37.6 percent. Military expenditure in 2014, represented 1.1 percent of GDP — half of the ASEAN average –, and six percent of government spending, below the regional average of 8.8 percent. In terms of per capita spending, the Philippines, at $32.90, was the third lowest in ASEAN in 2014. The government of President Benigno Aquino is implementing a $1.8 billion modernization program, but it comes after years of neglect. Vietnam has a far more robust military than the Philippines, despite similar budgets. Source cogitasia.com

Southeast Asian military expenditures percent change from 2010-2014 in current U.S. dollar terms. Source: SIPRI dataset, graphic prepared by Zachary Abuza.ASEAN8001

See diagram below showing trend of military expenditure into 2021 Thailand shows very little increase compared to it’s peers

Tu-214ON (Open Skies) Reconnaissance Aircraft, Russia

Tu-214ON is a special-purpose reconnaissance aircraft built by Kazan Aviation Production Association n.a. S.P. Gorbunov (KAPO), an affiliate of JSC Tupolev Design Bureau, for the Russian Air Force.

The aircraft is intended to carry out unarmed observation, reconnaissance, surveillance, supervisory inspection and monitoring missions as part of the Open Skies Treaty international programme, which was signed by the US and the representatives of its 23 states in March 1992.

The jet can also conduct patrol in the coastal economic zone and border areas and provide support in emergency situations.

First Tu-214ON jet (RA-64519) – Russian internet images

JSC Radio Engineering Concern Vega, a subsidiary of United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation, was contracted for the development of airborne surveillance system, ground-based complex and other mission equipment for the aircraft.

The first Tu-214ON jet (RA-64519) was demonstrated at the MAKS-2011 international air show in Moscow. It performed its first test flight on 1 June 2011, which was followed by a series of 24 flights by December 2011.

First Tu-214ON jet (RA-64519) – Russian internet images

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation conducted state tests to verify the air and ground equipment of the Tu-214ON aircraft in April 2013. The jet was delivered to the Russian Defence Ministry in August 2013.

The second airliner (RA-64525) made its first flight in December 2013 and was delivered in July 2014. Tu-214ON is set to replace the Tu-154 observation airplane and the An-30 aerial cartography aircraft.

In August 2014, Vega delivered a set of training facilities to the Russian Air Force for use in training specialists of aviation system. The training system, consisting of two digital training computer labs and procedural simulators, is used to train the operators of aircraft and surveillance equipment.

Tu-214ON aircraft design and features

Anastasia Yushkevich

The Tu-214ON special-purpose reconnaissance aircraft is a modified Tu-214 passenger airliner. It is equipped with monoplane wings and a reinforced retractable landing gear. The nose landing gear features two wheels and two main landing gear units having four wheels each. The jet is also fitted with an additional second door.

Tu-214ON landing gear – Marina Lystseva

Five members can be accommodated on the flight deck. These are the crew commander, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer, radio operator and translator.

Each crew workstation is equipped with two monitors to display the aircraft location, information about flight conditions and the hardware image. All the five workstations are connected to a local-area network.

The aircraft is also integrated with an auxiliary 15kVA-30kVA power supply system and an aircraft oxygen system, both developed by Russian firm Aviation Equipment Holding.

The base variant of the Tu-214ON measures 46m in overall length, 13.9m in overall height, and 42m in wing span. It has a wing area of 184.2m², empty weight of 59,000kg and maximum take-off weight of 110,750kg.

Andrey Pechenkin

Andrey Pechenkin

Andrey Pechenkin

Anton Ryabov

Surveillance equipment onboard the reconnaissance aircraft

The Tu-214ON reconnaissance aircraft is equipped with one A-84ON panoramic camera, one AK-111 topographic camera and two perspective AK-112 digital aerial cameras to capture high-resolution aerial photography. Cameras are provided with interchangeable lenses and different focal lengths.

The surveillance system also comprises a set of TV cameras for observation at low altitudes. An infrared line scanning device is installed to perform linear scanning of thermal imaging area in the range of 0.5-1.1 microns and 8-12 microns.

The aircraft also incorporates Ronsard sideways-looking, synthetic aperture radar for aerial observation at different altitudes under difficult weather conditions.

M402N RONSAR Radar

Side-scan radar with synthesized aperture “RONSAR” – niikulon.ru

M402N RONSAR (radar modification type M402 Pika ), installed inside a massive, rounded boat hull located in the hip abdomen, directly behind the wing edge. he M402N radar can track the ground surface of the ground at a distance of 4.7km to 25km on both sides of the flight axis. Source ruslet.webnode.cz

Side-scan radar with synthesized aperture “RONSAR”

Ground complex

The ground-based complex built by Vega collects and processes the navigation and surveillance data obtained by the aircraft, as well as tests the efficiency and performance of the sensors.

Tu-214ON engine and performance

Ilya N

Power for the base variant of the Tu-214ON special-purpose aircraft comes from two PS-90 turbofan engines placed under the wings in composite cowlings. Each engine develops a maximum take-off thrust of 16,140kg. The fuel tank capacity of the aircraft is 35.71t.

The aircraft has a cruise speed ranging from 810km/h to 850km/h and can reach altitudes up to 12,100m. Its range at full payload is 4,340km.

PS-90A turbofan engine

he PS-90A turbofan engine (PS – Pavel Soloviev) is one of the important achievements in the Russian aviation industry of the 90-s. This aircraft engine allowed almost doubling the efficiency of new generation airplanes, and, simultaneously, ensuring their conformity to world regulations on ecology.

The PS-90A is a two-shaft bypass turbofan with fan and core airflows mixing and high level of commonality. The aero engine is equipped with a thrust reverser in a fan duct and noise suppression system.

The PS-90A turbofan was certified in 1992.

In 1997 the Supplement to the engine Type Certificate was received to approve the aircraft engine field operation based on technical condition without fixed mean time between overhauls (MTBO) rates.

It is the sole powerplant for:

  • IL-96-300PU airplane of the President of the Russian Federation
  • Long-range passenger airliner IL-96-300
  • Mid-range passenger and cargo airplanes TU-204, TU-214 and their modifications

PERFORMANCE

Thrust, kg:
-take-off: TH< +30°C , PH > 730 mm Hg, H=0
-cruise: Н=11 km, М=0.8
16000
3500
Specific fuel consumption (with real nozzle), kg/kgf hour 0.595
Flight altitude, m Up to 13100
Air temperature at sea level (for start and operation), ° С -47…+45
Airfield height (versus sea level), m Up to 3500
Engine length, mm 4964
Fan tip diameter, mm 1900
Dry weight, kg 2950
 Weight as delivered, kg  4 160

Source pmz.ru

Ivan Vukadinov

Název:
Name:
Tupolev Tu-214ON Tupolev Tu-214ON
Originální název:
Original Name:
Туполев Ту-214ОН
Kategorie:
Category:
průzkumný/pozorovací letoun reconnaissance/scout aeroplane
Výrobce:
Producer:
DD.MM.2011-DD.MM.2013 OAO Kazaňské letecké výrobní sdružení S. P. Gorbunova, Kazaň
Období výroby:
Production Period:
DD.MM.2011-DD.MM.2013
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
2 (RA-64519, RA-64525)
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
21.03.1996 Tu-214
Osádka:
Crew:
3
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL – konvenční vzlet a přistání CTOL – conventional take-off and landing
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník monoplane
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické conventional
Podvozek:
Undercarriage:
zatahovací retractable
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola wheels
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
59000 kg 130073 lb
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
? kg ? lb
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
110750 kg 244162 lb
Rozpětí:
Wingspan:
41,8 m 137ft 1,67in
Délka:
Length:
46,14 m 151ft 4,53in
Výška:
Height:
13,88 m 45ft 6,46in
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
184,17 m2 1982.39 ft2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
? kg/m2 ? lb/ft2
Pohon:
Propulsion:
Kategorie:
Category:
dvouproudový turbofan
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
2
Typ:
Type:
PS-90A PS-90A
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
35,71 t 35,71 t
Výkony:
Performance:
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
850 km/h v 0 m 528.2 mph in 0 ft
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
810 km/h v 0 m 503.3 mph in 0 ft
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
? m/s ? ft/min
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
? min do ? m ? min to ? ft
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
12100 m 39698 ft
Dolet:
Range:
4340 km 2696.8 mi
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
6890 km 4281.2 mi
Výzbroj:
Armament:
– fotokamery
– TV kamery
– IR kamery
– radiolokátor s bočním vyzařováním
– ON = otevřeneé nebe (Открытое небо)
– photocameras
– TV cameras
– IR cameras
– radar with side radiation
– ON = open sky (in Russian language Открытое небо)
Uživatelské státy:
User States:
Poznámka:
Note:
Nahrazuje dnes zastaralé Tu-154 a An-30B Replace today obsolete Tu-154 and An-30B
Zdroje:
Sources:
Webové stránky OAO Tupolev – http://www.tupolev.ru/spetsialnaya_aviatsiya
Ugolok něba – http://www.airwar.ru/enc/spy/tu214on.html

Specification valka.cz

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Main image by Vladislav Perminov

Updated May 03, 2021

South Korea KM-SAM or M-SAM

The KM-SAM which is also known as the Cheolmae-2 or Cheongung or M-SAM is a South Korean medium range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system that was developed by the Agency for Defense Development (ADD) with technical support from Almaz-Antey and Fakel.

A complete battery consists of up to six 8 cell transport-erector-launchers, a passive electronically scanned array (PESA) X-band multi-function 3D phased array radar, and a fire command vehicle.

8 cell transport-erector-launcher

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.10.19-10-28-588 cell transport-erector-launcher

Passive electronically scanned array (PESA) X-band multi-function 3D phased array radar

Passive electronically scanned array (PESA) X-band multi-function 3D phased array radar
General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 30480 m
Range Max: 83.3 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.2 km Generation: Early 2010s
Properties: Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
KM-SAM MFR – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Surface-to-Air, Short-Range
Max Range: 83.3 km

Source cmano-db.com

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.10.19-09-58-02

Fire command vehicle

Fire command vehiclescreenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.10.19-10-41-23유용원의 군사세계

KM-SAM (Modified 9M96)

screenshotAtUploadCC_1514967302044

General data:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 400 kg
Length: 4.61 m Span: 0.5 m
Diameter: 0.275 Generation: None
Properties: Anti-Air All-Aspect, Capable vs Seaskimmer
Targets: Aircraft, Helicopter, Missile
Sensors / EW:
Active Radar Seeker – (SAM MR, KM-SAM) Radar
Weapon Seeker, Active Radar
Max Range: 9.3 km
Weapons:
KM-SAM [Modified 9M96] – (South Korea) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 46.3 km.

Source cmano-db.com

The KM-SAM is the middle-tier of South Korea’s three-tier aerial and missile defense system. Though it was developed in Russia by the Almaz Design Bureau with assistance from Samsung Thales, LIG Nex1, and Doosan DST, localization and industrialization were done in South Korea enough to consider it an indigenous system. The Cheongung (Iron Hawk) can intercept targets up to an altitude of 15 km (49,000 ft) at a range of 40 km (25 mi).

It is to replace upgraded MIM-23 Hawk batteries in South Korea and be made available for export. Almaz-Antey continued with the program after prototypes were transferred and have created a distinctly Russian version called the Vityaz missile system.

screenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.10.19-10-41-57유용원의 군사세계

The Republic of Korea Air Force revealed in mid-2015 that the KM-SAM would soon enter mass production and begin delivery to the Air Force that September, replacing the Hawk missile that had been in Korean service since 1964, which the United States military retired in 2002. The system can intercept up to six targets simultaneously, and the missiles have anti-electronic warfare capabilities to keep functioning despite jamming. Source wiki

Background

To defend against North Korean missiles and rocket attacks the Republic of Korea is eying a three-tier aerial and missile defense system to integrate radars, missile interceptors of different types through a unified battle management system. Preliminary study on missile shield system to be completed by year-end.

Seoul principal air defense layer operates six batteries of Patriot PAC-2 GEM/T missiles along with 24 Hawk XXI batteries. These assets are more capable to defend against aircraft than hit ballistic missiles. Two missile interceptor/air defense programs currently underway in Russia will be transferred for production in Korea, one covering extended range and high altitude, and another handling the middle-tier zone.

The upper tier interceptor will be designed intercept ballistic missiles, offering capabilities similar to the American THAAD missile. This new missile is expected to be based on the Russian S-400 technology; it is designated Cheolmae 4-H (L-SAM), and will offer a range of 150 km and ceiling of about 200,000 ft, offering performance levels twice superior to the Patriot and future Cheolmae II missiles. This project is expected to cost around $812 million.

The Korean Navy is also planning to deploy anti-ballistic missile capability on its new KDX AEGIS destroyers. Unlike Tokyo, that has entered the U.S. SM-3 ABM program as a development partner, Seoul preferred to go its own way and develop its won version of a missile interceptor under ‘Project Guardian’, at an investment of about US$1 billion.

EL/M-2080 ‘Super Green Pine’ radars

36101EL/M-2080 ‘Super Green Pine’ radars

Quick Facts

Mobility Ground-based/ transportable
Role Primary radar system for Israeli Arrow missile defense system; can discriminate between clutter and missile threats
Country of Origin Israel
Deployment At least two deployed in Israel, two in India, and two in South Korea
Frequency L-Band
Range 500 km (EL/M 2080); 900 km (EL/M 2080S)
Producer Elta/Israel Aerospace Industries

Source missiledefenseadvocacy.org

The baseline for Seoul’s future the missile defense capability are two EL/M-2080 ‘Super Green Pine’ radars, ordered from Israel’s IAI Elta in 2009. The radars will be able to detect hostile missiles 800 km away, providing missile defense assets ample early warning for response. These radars will also integrate with the SPY-1 radars of the AEGIS KDX destroyers to provide the situational picture for the Korea Air and Missile Defense center (KAMD) beginning next year. Source defense-update.com

KVLS

screenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.10.19-09-42-45azilla.egloos.com

SIPRI Report: World crises driving international arms trade

According to Deutsche Welle

Partially reproduced

The peace research institute SIPRI has provided new data relating to the international arms trade. The biggest exporter is the US, well ahead of Russia. The main customers are in Asia and the Middle East.

To balance out fluctuations resulting from big armaments contracts, the SIPRI experts have grouped the worldwide transfer of arms in five-year periods. Fourteen percent more arms were exported worldwide in the last five years than the five years that preceded them.

Middle East: More crises, more arms

The majority went to Asia and to the crisis region of the Middle East. Between the Persian Gulf and the Bosphorus, imports of heavy weapons – the SIPRI report is concerned only with these – rose by 61 percent. Between 2011 and 2015, India was the only country to import more weapons that Saudi Arabia – a land with just 30 million inhabitants. Compared with 2006–2010, the oil sheikhdom’s arms purchases have almost trebled. Number four in the list of the biggest importers of arms is the United Arab Emirates, with a population of barely five million. Turkey is number six.

SIPRI expert Pieter Wezeman does not seem very surprised by these developments. The region is characterized by conflicts, he said in an interview with DW, both internal and between countries. The countries in the region have large budgets; this, he said, was only now starting to change as a result of the low price of oil. Furthermore, these countries had no arms industry of their own and therefore had to buy on the international market.

Infografik Anteil am weltweiten Waffenimport nach Region ENGLISCHThe majority of worldwide arms exports went to Asia and crisis zones in the Middle East.

Mexico: Imports trebled

Other notable shifts on the purchasing side: Mexico’s imports of heavy weapons have more than trebled in the past few years compared to 2006–2010: a consequence of the drug war, which has claimed an estimated 100,000 lives over the past 10 years. The arms trade expert Wezeman explains that Mexico has, among other things, invested heavily in light armored vehicles “that provide protection against assault rifles or machine guns, but not against rockets.”

Africa: Poverty prevents arms buildup

More than half the arms imported into Africa are brought in by just two countries: the neighboring states of Morocco and Algeria. Thanks to their relatively good economic situation, both countries have the means with which to buy arms. According to SIPRI expert Wezeman, they regard each other with great mutual distrust and have entered into an arms race against one another. Overall, despite its many simmering conflicts, sub-Saharan Africa in particular was not a very significant market for heavy weapons because of its predominantly weak economies.

Here, too, Wezeman sees a problem. He says that although many African states are involved in peace missions, their soldiers are often poorly – or wrongly – equipped. “These states are not investing in the weapons that would be needed for UN operations. They’re investing in other weapons, buying them more for the prestige.”

USA: World’s biggest arms dealer

On the side of the arms exporters, the USA and Russia have developed their positions as the most important suppliers of military equipment. The USA alone accounts for one-third of arms exports worldwide: Its exports increased by 27 percent. The USA has been constantly replenishing supplies in the Middle Eastern crisis region in particular. Its most important customer was Saudi Arabia; the UAE was in second place, followed by Turkey.

Infografik Die zehn größten Waffenimporteure und ihre wichtigsten Zulieferer ENGLISCHThe United States accounts for one-third of all arms exports worldwide.

A quarter of global arms exports come from Russia. Its most important customers were in India, China and Vietnam. China itself almost doubled its arms exports, up 88 percent compared to 2006–2010. It now has an almost 6 percent share of the international arms trade, putting it at number three, ahead of France, and has established itself on the international arms market as an important producer. Wezeman attributes this to the improved quality of Chinese weapons. Chinese military equipment goes primarily to Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar, but China is also trying to gain a toehold as an arms supplier in Africa.

Between 2011 and 2015 the Western European countries France, Germany, Britain, Spain and Italy together controlled one-fifth of the worldwide transfer of weapons. France’s exports, however, dropped by almost 10 percent in this period, and German arms exports actually halved.

The reason for this was the economic crisis in many European countries. Some European states simply don’t have the money for expensive equipment, Wezeman explained. That in turn increased the pressure on the European arms industry to open up new markets. The SIPRI arms trade expert observed that Germany in particular was aggressively trying to sell its weapons systems in places like the Middle East and Asia.

@Deutsche Welle

****-END-****

The US is the world’s undisputed leader in terms of military strength. That is according to a ranking published in a Credit Suisse report on globalization. Russia ranks second, narrowly ahead of China. Japan and India round out the top five. Canada ranks 20. @ssbcrack.com

 

Top-5-world-military-2015-report*data provided by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s (SIPRI) Yearbook 2015.

Saab Gripen E / F multi-role aircraft

Gripen E is an enhanced version of the Gripen C/D multi-role aircraft. The new fighter aircraft, whose initial delivery is scheduled for 2018, will replace the Swiss Air Force’s fleet of Northrop F-5E/F Tiger. Saab performs modifications and related construction works for Gripen E by using components supplied by Swiss companies.

Gripen C/D multi-role aircraft: Details

Saab started construction of the pre-production Gripen E test aircraft, designated as 39-8, in July 2013. Initial construction works involve assembly of the aircraft’s front fuselage, while the payload mounting works are carried out by RAUG.

Saab

New components being integrated with the Gripen E were tested and proved in the Gripen 39-7 E/F demonstrator programme, with the test aircraft having flown for more than 250 hours in Sweden, the UK, India and Switzerland since 2008. The testing of the Gripen E is being overseen by Armasuisse.

A Gripen E aircraft fitted with new sensor IRST (Infra Red Search and Track) completed its maiden flight in April 2014. The first test aircraft was rolled out in May 2016.

Gripen E goes supersonic for the first time: Details

Excerpt

On 27 October 2017 defence and security company Saab announces that the Gripen E smart fighter flew supersonic for the first time. The aircraft broke the sound barrier over the Baltic Sea on the 18th October.

The Gripen E smart fighter flew at speeds greater than the speed of sound, at over Mach 1, as part of the ongoing flight trials programme. The purpose was to collect data from the aircraft as it achieved and sustained supersonic speed. The flight took place over the Baltic sea and the aircraft sustained supersonic speed for a number of minutes, whilst carrying out maneouvres, demonstrating the successful combination of the aicraft’s fighter design and its powerful engine.

Gripen E design details

The Gripen E has an overall length of 15.2m, wingspan of 8.6m, and maximum takeoff weight of 16,500kg. The maximum speed of the aircraft is Mach 2 at high-altitude, while the speed at low -altitude is 1,400km/h.

gripenblogs.com

The one seater aircraft features ten pylon stations, which enable it to carry reconnaissance pods, weapons and external fuel tanks. Its turnaround time is ten minutes in air-to-air configuration and 20 minutes, while carrying weapons for air-to-ground combat.

Pneumatic missile eject launcher pylons

Pneumatic missile eject launcher pylons are to be developed and supplied to Saab of Sweden by Excelis under a long-term agreement.

Exelis said the pneumatic missile eject launcher pylons, or PMEL, will be for use on Saab’s Gripen E fighters and allow the powered ejection of Meteor and AIM-120 advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles from the underside of the aircraft fuselage.

“This is a great opportunity for us to build on Exelis weapon carriage and release experience and continue to grow in the air-to-air missile eject market,” said Ken Harrison, vice president and general manager of International Night Vision and Communications Solutions at Exelis.

Exelis said signature of the agreement between the two companies released an immediate design and development phase contract, which includes the delivery and supply of several flight-trial units. A later initial production contract will provide for the supply of 214 PMEL units to Saab.

Work under the contract will be conducted at Exelis’ facility in Brighton, England. Source spacedaily.com

Saab

RUAG Aerostructures pylons

Saab

RUAG Aerostructures designs and builds the pylons for the new E/F Gripen version. Pylons are installations with which additional tanks for fuel, surveillance systems or guided weapons can be attached below the aircraft.

The individual parts of the pylon are produced using many different kinds of production procedure. The centrepiece consists of high precision milled parts of various materials. Semi-finished parts such as cast and forged components are used for this purpose. Sheathing is also produced using stretch forming processes. Welded assemblies and composite fibre components are also processed.

Eight pylons are supplied per aircraft. The final assembly of the pylons and system integration are carried out using internally developed assembly installations.  Source ruag.com

Saab

The aircraft’s internal fuel tanks with a combined capacity of 3.4t are approximately 40% larger than those of its former version. The increased volume is made possible by moving the landing gear from the fuselage of the aircraft out to the inner wings.

Saab developing two seat Gripen fighter for Brazil

April 5 (UPI) — Saab is developing its first aircraft for Brazil’s air force, the company announced during the LAAD International Defense & Security Exhibition.

The manufacturer’s work includes a two-seat version which has already begun production. Saab is coordinating with a number of Brazilian companies for the project.

“The first aircraft to be delivered to the Brazilian Air Force is already under production at Saab’s facilities in Linköping, Sweden,” Gripen Brazil business head Mikael Franzén said in a press release. “Furthermore, Brazilian engineers are participating in the development and integration of the fighter’s systems. We are seeing an excellent working relationship between the Swedes and Brazilians, with the latter very passionate about being a part of the Gripen program.”

Saab’s two-seat version of the Gripen NG is being developed in the Brazilian state of Säo Paulo. The site currently has 56 engineers working on the aircraft. Company officials say the collaboration will help Brazil’s industry improve its own capabilities.

“The transfer of technology also continues to advance to ensure the conditions needed for Brazilian companies to acquire all the knowledge related to the fighter development,” Franzén added.

The Gripen fighter is a multirole aircraft that can be armed with air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons, and can also support intelligence gathering operations.

Saab’s project for Brazil’s air force was discussed during LAAD 2017, an international defense industry conference held from April 4 to April 7. Over 600 brands are being showcased at the event. Source upi.com

Cockpit

Capture7

Saab has selected AEL Sistemas (AEL) as a new supplier for the Gripen NG in Brazil. AEL will provide the wide area display (WAD) and the head-up display (HUD), which will be integrated in the Gripen NG for Brazil as part of the F-X2 contract. The WAD and HUD development programme commenced in January 2015. Saab and AEL have also signed a contract for transfer of technology.

The new avionics systems programme will run over four years and includes development, integration and production work to be performed in Porto Alegre. System integration work will be undertaken by Saab and Embraer.

The WAD for Brazil’s Gripen NG aircraft is a single intelligent and full-redundant multi-purpose display system, full-colour, large-screen (19 x 8 in) with continuous image presentation and the state-of-the-art touch-screen controls capability. It is the primary source of all flight and mission information in the cockpit.

AEL will also develop a new HUD for Brazil’s Gripen NG aircraft. The HUD provides essential flight and mission information to the pilot when looking ‘heads up’ out of the cockpit. Source saabgroup.com

abimde.org.br

The Gripen E features a digital cockpit with three large multi-functional displays (MFD) including a few 3D screens. The cockpit also features a hands-on-throttle-and-stick (HOTAS) which provides superior situational awareness for the pilot.

AEL wide area display are offered for Saab Gripen E/F buyers

Brazilian-made wide area and head-up displays for the Saab Gripen E/F will be offered to all customers of the single-engined fighter as a potential cockpit upgrade, says Mikael Franzén, head of Business Unit, Gripen Brazil.

The Brazilian air force’s $5.4 billion order for 36 Gripen fighters includes several changes from the Swedish air force version. Instead of three multifunction displays, the FAB selected a 19in by 8in wide-area touchscreen made by AEL Sistemas, an Elbit Systems subsidiary based in Brazil.

The latest version both the wide area and head-up displays are now in safety-of-flight testing with Saab, according to AEL.

“We will make them available for all Swedish air force customers,” Franzén says.

So far, the Gripen E has only been ordered by Sweden and Brazil. The latter also has ordered eight, two-seat F-models, which Brazil is responsible for designing.

The Brazilian fighter development programme is on track to complete first flight of the single-seater in 2019, with all 36 aircraft delivered between 2021 and 2024, Franzén says. Source flightglobal.com

9

Saab do Brasil

Mk10 seat

mk10-1

Operating Ceiling 50000+ ft (15,250m)
Minimum height/Speed Zero/zero in near level attitude
Crew boarding mass range 69.2 – 112.2 kg
Crew size range 3rd to 99th percentile
Maximum Speed for ejection 630 KIAS
Parachute type GQ Type 1000 Mk 2
Parachute deployment Drogue assisted
Drogue parachute type 5ft and 22 in.
Drogue deployment Drogue gun. Initiated by trip rod
Harness type Integrated
Ejection seat operation type Ejection gun and multi-tube rocket pack
Ejection gun Single, two stage
Gun stroke length 72 in.
Ejection initiation Handle on seat pan initiates gas operated seat firing system
Electronic Sequencer No
Barostatic time-release unit Yes, with 2 sec delay to give time for speed to decrease. Trip rod initiated.
Automatic back-up unit No
Manual override handle Yes
Guillotine Yes, early variant
Timers 0.50 second Drogue Gun Delay Timer, and a BTRU (barostatic time release unit)
Seat adjustment Up/down Actuator operated 28 Vdc
Arm restraints Yes
Leg restraints Yes, two garters
Oxygen supply Bottled emergency oxygen, Main oxygen system connection
Personal survival pack Yes, landscale, Liferaft option available
Aircrew services Personal Equipment Connector (PEC) provides connections for
– main oxygen
– back-up oxygen
– emergency oxygen
– anti-g suit
– mic/tel
Command ejection Yes
Canopy jettison No
Miniature detonating cord Yes
Miniature detonating cord Yes
Interseat sequencing system Yes, through command delay breech unit

Source martin-baker.com

Targo HMD

The Swedish Defence Material Administration (FMV) awarded the airframer a SEK119 million (USD13 million) contract for an undisclosed number of systems to be delivered to the Swedish Air Force (SwAF) between 2022 and 2026. Elbit Systems’ Brazilian subsidiary AEL Sistemas (AEL) will supply the HMDs to both the SwAF and the Brazilian Air Force (Força Aérea Brasileira: FAB).

The SwAF is scheduled to receive 60 single-seat Gripen E fighters from 2019 to 2026, with the FAB taking delivery of 28 Gripen E and 8 twin-seat Gripen F aircraft from 2019 to 2024. Source janes.com

JHMCS II

  • More Intelligent
  • More Capable
  • More Affordable

Both Digital JHMCS and JHMCS II share common design attributes that are new and improved over classic JHMCS. Both include new features and benefits that reinforce our market leadership standing.

First

JHMCS was first in the market, first in combat. And now, the JHMCS II product line is the worlds first high definition HMD using smart-visor technology that operates in both day and night mode.

Affordable

  • The JHMCS II product line (both Digital JHMCS and JHMCS II) is based on the combat proven JHMCS and is now more affordable
  • Both are priced to meet a broad range of market needs including reduced budget upgrades and new starts

Improved

  • JHMCS II product line takes advantage of pioneering technology
  • Digital image source replaces JHMCS Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)
  • No high voltage requirements
  • Reduced routine maintenance
  • Improved center of gravity provides greater pilot comfort, especially with NVGs
  • No visor trimming
  • Helmet borne electronics
  • Virtual HUD option
  • Embedded virtual training compatible
  • Pilot Health Monitoring including hypoxia and G-LOC detection and warning
  • Early pilot warning and aircraft recovery option

Color

  • Both versions in our product line utilize conformal color symbology to improve situational awareness
  • Full color video imagery, FLIR and Picture-in-Picture
  • Color de-brief camera

Advantage JHMCS

  • More flight crews fly JHMCS around the world
  • More crews have used JHMCS HMDs during combat operations

Additional features and benefits

  • The developers of JHMCS II have worked extensively with warfighters to create a system that improves situational awareness, provides improved comfort, better balance and easy day to night mode interchange.
  • With nearly 6,000 systems sold and 15 years of experience, JHMCS based products have a heritage of superior safety achievement, testing, and qualification certifications.
  • JHMCS II is fully interchangeable, retrofits perfectly with all components of JHMCS and is adaptable to any aircraft architecture.
  • Improvements include Flat Panel Display, Video, No High Voltage, Higher Reliability, Better Balance and higher accuracy with the new Forward Fit Opto-Inertial Tracker.
  • JHMCS II Can Be Pre-ordered Now.
  • JHMCS II Has The Best Warranty And Service Support In The Industry.

Source jhmcsii.com

Weapons carried on the Gripen E

Saab

The air-to-air missiles on the Gripen E include infrared-guided short range IRIS-T missile, and the Meteor missile, which is a beyond visual range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM). The aircraft also has the flexibility to be fitted with Sidewinder and A-Darter missiles to replace the IRIS-T, and the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) missile to replace the Meteor. It can further be fitted with long range weapons such as R-Darter and Derby, and short-range weapons such as ASRAAM and Python.

IRIS-T air-to-air missile

IRIST-T on Gripen E – Saab

The IRIS-T, InfraRed Imaging System – Tail/Thrust Vector Controlled, is an International initiative to replace current AIM-9L/M Sidewinder short-range, air-to-air missiles. The missile combines advanced aerodynamics and thrust vector control in a tail controlled airframe to achieve outstanding performance.

sener-defensa-secciones-control-iris-t
aerospace.sener

It utilizes a solid-propellant rocket motor. IRIS-T features a roll-pitch (128×128) IR seeker with �90� look angle for high off-boresight angle missile engagements. Engagements against targets in the rear hemisphere can be done successfully with the missile locked-on target after launch. IRIS-T outstanding agility is the key to successfully engage highly maneuverable advanced aircraft.

seccion-de-control-misil-iris-t
aerospace.sener

Overall, IRIS-T delivers increased agility, target acquisition range, hit accuracy, a more effective warhead and considerably improved protection against countermeasures compared with the Sidewinder missile. The mass, length, diameter and interface of the IRIS-T missile are very close to its predecessor achieving a high degree of compatibility which is a must for the IRIS-T program. During the flight tests, the IRIS-T achieved direct impact on the target even with IRCM (IR countermeasures) presence. The highly maneuverable IRIS-T missile will be integrated onto Typhoon, Gripen, F-16, Tornado, and F/A-18 aircraft. Dhiel BGT is the prime contractor for the program and Germany is the lead nation. Source deagel.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 87 kg
Length: 2.94 m Span: 0.45 m
Diameter: 0.13 Generation: None
Properties: Anti-Air Dogfight (High Off-Boresight), Capable vs Seaskimmer
Targets: Aircraft, Helicopter, Missile
SENSORS / EW:
IIR Seeker – (IRIS-T) Infrared
Weapon Seeker, Imaging IR
Max Range: 18.5 km
WEAPONS:
RB 98 IRIS-T [AIM-2000A] – (2009) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 27.8 km.

source cmano-db.com

MBDA Meteor (BVR) air-to-air missile

Gripen E Meteor BVRAAM – Saab

Meteor is a next generation, active radar-guided, beyond visual range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) system. The missile is being developed by MBDA Systems for six European nations.

The Meteor BVRAAM can be integrated on Eurofighter Typhoon, Saab Gripen and Dassault Rafale aircraft. The Meteor missile can also be installed on Lockheed Martin’s F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF).

MBDA

The missile, being designed as a complete unit, requires no assembly and maintenance immediately before loading. This arrangement reduces its overall life logistic support cost.

Meteor can be launched as a stealth missile. It is equipped with enhanced kinematics features. It is capable of striking different types of targets simultaneously in almost any weather.

The Meteor has a length of 3.65m and diameter of 0.178m. It is designed to be compatible with AIM-120 type rail and eject launcher systems.

The Meteor missile is equipped with a blast-fragmentation warhead, supplied by TDW of Germany. The warhead is designed as a structural component of the missile. The missile integrates proximity and impact fuses.

The Meteor is equipped with a two way datalink, which allows the launch platform to provide updates on targets or re-targeting when the missile is in flight. The datalink is capable of transmitting information such as kinematic status. It also notifies target acquisition by the seeker.

The Meteor is installed with an active radar target seeker, offering high reliability in detection, tracking and classification of targets. The missile also integrates inertial measurement system (IMS) supplied by Litef.

The missile has a range in excess of 100km. It is designed for a speed greater than Mach 4. The missile has a large no escape zone.

MBDA

The Meteor missile is powered by a solid fuel variable flow ducted rocket (ramjet) supplied by Bayern-Chemie. The ramjet provides the Meteor missile with a capability to maintain consistent high speeds. This ability helps the missile to chase and destroy fast moving flexible targets.

The Meteor includes an electronics and propulsion control unit (EPCU). The EPCU adjusts the rocket’s air intake and duct covers based on the cruise speed and the target’s altitude.

The EPCU observes the distance and fuel level in the rocket and adjusts the throttle of the rocket. This feature of the EPCU helps the missile to manage its fuel system. Source airforce-technology.com

Gripen E Meteor BVRAAM – Saab

Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM)

AMRAAM – defenseworld.net

The AMRAAM program improves the aerial combat capabilities of U.S. and allied aircraft to meet current and future threats of enemy air-to-air weapons. AMRAAM serves as a follow-on to the AIM-7 Sparrow missile series. The new missile is faster, smaller, and lighter, and has improved capabilities against low-altitude targets. The AIM-120 incorporates an active radar in conjunction with an inertial reference unit and microcomputer system, which makes the missile less dependent on the fire-control system of the launching aircraft. Once the missile closes in on the target, its active radar guides it to an intercept. AMRAAM-equipped fighters can attack several targets simultaneously. Deliveries of the AIM-120B version began in 1994 and ended in 1995. AIM-120C series began deliveries in 1996 and continue thru the present. Joint procurement of the AMRAAM continues with the AIM-120D version starting in fiscal 2006, which features improved navigation, kinematics, lethality and hardware and software updates to enhance its electronic protection capabilities against more capable threats.

General Characteristics
Primary Function: Advanced, medium-range, air-to-air tactical missile
Contractor: Raytheon.
Date Deployed: September 1991.
Propulsion: Solid Propellant Rocket.
Length: 12 feet.
Diameter: 7 inches.
Wingspan: AIM-120A/B 21 inches; AIM-120C/D 19 inches.
Weight: AIM-120A/B/C-4 348 pounds; AIM-120C 5/6/7/D 356 pounds.
Speed: Classified
Platforms: Navy: F/A-18C/D/E/F Hornet and Super Hornet. Air Force: F-15, F-16 and F-22. NATO: AV-8B, Eurofighter 2000, F-1C, F-4, F-15, F-16, F/A-18, JAS-39.
Warhead: Blast Fragmentation; high explosive.

Source navy.mil

A-Darter short range, air-to-air missile (SRAAM)

A-Darter, also known as V3E Agile Darter, is a fifth-generation short range, air-to-air missile (SRAAM) developed in South Africa. The AAM is designed to meet the challenges which may come from conflict against future air combat fighters.

The missile system completed several successful test launches in January 2012. It entered the final qualification phase in March 2012 and is expected to be ready for production by 2013.

The missile will enter service with the South African Air Force (SAAF) and Brazilian Air Force (FAB) in 2014.

The SAAF is planning to equip the missile on its 26 Saab Gripen fighter jets and 24 Hawk Mk120 fleet. The FAB is expected to integrate it on Northrop’s F-5E/F Tiger II, F-5A/B Freedom Fighter and future F-X2 fighters.

High explosive (HE) warhead and systems of the A-Darter SRAAM

The A-Darter is 2.98m (9.78ft) long and 0.16m (0.52ft) in diameter. It has four fixed delta control fins at the rear and two strakes along the sides. The missile weighs 90kg.

It carries a high explosive (HE) warhead and has a range of ten kilometres. It is powered by a solid propulsion system. The missile has a track rate of 120°/s and a seeker angle of 180° for countermeasure resistance. It also features lock-on after launch and memory tracking for higher range intercepts, and is compatible with Sidewinder stations.

The tail-controlled AAM is powered by a boost-sustain rocket motor and uses thrust vector flight control. Its wingless airframe and low drag enable the A-Darter to have a higher range than the traditional SRAAMs. The missile system is designed with a highly agile airframe for close combat in electronic countermeasures (ECM) environments.

It is guided by two-colour thermal imaging infrared homing with laser fuse. It features a multimode electronic counter countermeasures (ECCM) suite for higher view angles.

The SiIMU02, an inertial measurement unit (IMU) from Atlantic Inertial Systems (formerly BAE Systems), provides the mid-course guidance for the missile. Solid-state technology of the IMU provides accurate measurement of angular rate and acceleration range of up to ±9,000°/s, ±500°/s and ±500°/s in R, P and Y-axes respectively. It has a linear acceleration range of up to ±30g.

When integrated, the missile can interface with the aircraft using LAU-7 type launcher mechanical rails and MIL-STD-1760 / 1553 avionics bus system. It can be designated to a target using autonomous scan feature of the missile, helmet sight or aircraft’s radar. Source airforce-technology.com

a-darter-tiro-2-580x387Gripen firing A-Darter AAM illustration – Image: Gripen blog

Technical Data

  • Length : 2 980 mm
  • Diameter : 166 mm
  • Mass : 93 kg

Source deneldynamics.co.za

Derby missile

The Derby can be considered an enlarged version of the Python 4 missile using active radar homing instead of infrared guidance. As such the Derby is a medium sized missile. The layout is conventional with the guidance section in front, followed by the warhead and with the rocket motor making up the rear half of the missile. There are four steerable fins at the front and four small steerable wings at the rear.

The Derby uses active radar homing and can be launched at targets at short range and beyond visual range. At longer ranges the missile uses inertial navigation before the missile’s own radar acquires the target. Seeker and ECCM quality are reportedly very good.

Specifications:

TYPE Air to air missile
DIAMETER 0.16 m body, 0.64 m wingspan
LENGTH 3.62 m
WEIGHT 118 kg
GUIDANCE Active radar homing, lock on befor launch or inertial flight with lock on after launch
WARHEAD 23 kg warhead
PROPULSION Single-stage solid propellant rocket motor
SPEED Mach 4
RANGE 50 km

Source weaponsystems.net

ASRAAM

The AIM-132 ASRAAM (Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile) missile has been designed to provide excellent performance in short range air-to-air engagements. The ASRAAM has been selected by the United Kingdom and the Australian Air Force for their Tornado F3, Harrier, F/A-18 and Eurofighter-Typhoon aircraft.

The ASRAAM features an advanced IR seeker (128×128 resolution) and the capability to operate in heavy ECM environments. It receives the target coordinates from the aircraft’s sensors (radar and IRST), the pilot’s helmet mounted sight or even from its own IR imaging sensor in the search and track mode. Its high speed and maneuverability provides the ASRAAM with a high kill probability once fired. ASRAAM has a single blast fragmentation warhead detonated by impact and laser proximity fuze.

ausairpower.net

Dimensions
Diameter: 170 millimeter (6.69 inch)
Length: 2.90 meter (114 inch)
Wingspan: 450 millimeter (17.7 inch)
Performance
Max Range: 15,000 meter (8.10 nautical mile)
Min Range: 300 meter (0.16 nautical mile)
Speed
Top Speed: 996 mps (3,587 kph)
Weight
Warhead: 10 kilogram (22.0 pound)
Weight: 88 kilogram (194 pound)

Source deagel.com

The Gripen E can also be integrated with a number of air-to-surface weapons including unguided Mk82, Mk83 and Mk84 bombs, laser-guided bombs such as GBU-12, GBU-16 and GBU-10, and advanced bombs such as GBU-49 and GBU-39. Air-to-surface missiles such as RBS15F ER, TAURUS KEPD 350, AGM-65 Maverick, and MBDA’s dual-mode Brimstone (DMB) can also be integrated into the Gripen E.

GBU-10 Paveway II

The GBU-10 Paveway II consists of a MK-84 2,000 pound (1,000 kg) bomb with an added laser guidance package. This bomb is suitable against bridges, bunkers, and SCUD launchers.

Dimensions
Diameter: 460 millimeter (18.1 inch)
Length: 4.32 meter (170 inch)
Wingspan: 1.70 meter (67 inch)
Performance
CEP: 9 meter
Max Range: 14,800 meter (7.99 nautical mile)
Weight
Warhead: 429 kilogram (946 pound)
Weight: 944 kilogram (2,081 pound)

Source deagel.com

GBU-12D/B Paveway II LGB

cmt1379481603

The GBU-12 Paveway II consists of a MK-82 500 pound (250 kg) bomb with an added laser guidance package. This bomb is suitable against small, hardened targets such as battle tanks and other armored vehicles. This bomb also features a reduced collateral damage probability due to its lightweight warhead.

Dimensions
Diameter: 270 millimeter (10.6 inch)
Length: 3.33 meter (131 inch)
Wingspan: 1.32 meter (52 inch)
Performance
CEP: 9 meter
Max Range: 14,800 meter (7.99 nautical mile)
Weight
Warhead: 87 kilogram (192 pound)
Weight: 277 kilogram (611 pound)

Source deagel.com

GBU-49/B Paveway II GPS/LGB

Gripen C – thedrive.com

The GBU-12 Paveway II consists of a MK-82 500 pound (250 kg) bomb with an added laser guidance package. This bomb is suitable against small, hardened targets such as battle tanks and other armored vehicles. This bomb also features a reduced collateral damage probability due to its lightweight warhead.

The Enhanced Paveway II EGBU-12 is a dual-mode guided bomb designed to effectively operate in all-weather conditions. Laser-guided GBU-12s can only operate in optimal weather conditions endangers the laser beam which guides the bomb through its intended target. EGBU-12s, which were introduced in 2001 during operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, relies on semi-active laser guidance and Global Positioning System (GPS) aided inertial guidance system to seamlessly hit the target. The GPS guides the bomb in poor weather conditions and laser guidance aides engaging mobile targets of opportunity.

Dimensions
Diameter: 270 millimeter (10.6 inch)
Length: 3.33 meter (131 inch)
Wingspan: 1.32 meter (52 inch)
Performance
CEP: 9 meter
Max Range: 14,800 meter (7.99 nautical mile)
Speed
Target’s Max Speed: 70 kph (0.06 mach)
Weight
Warhead: 87 kilogram (192 pound)
Weight: 277 kilogram (611 pound)

Source deagel.com

Boeing GBU-39 Small-Diameter Bomb

SDB_6Boeing GBU-39 GPS-guided 113kg (250lb) small diameter bomb

The Laser Small Diameter Bomb (Laser SDB) system is the next generation of affordable and low-collateral-damage precision strike weapons, which builds on the success of the same Semi-active Laser (SAL) sensor currently used by Boeing’s Laser JDAM.  A Laser SDB increases mission effectiveness in several ways:

By using already-proven laser sensor technology, Laser SDB offers the flexibility to prosecute targets of opportunity, including moving targets. With the BRU-61 Carriage System, these optimized munitions offer increased load-out for each weapons station to prosecute multiple targets per sortie. As a 250-lb. class weapon, Laser SDB’s smaller size and High Performance Wing Assembly allow it to glide for extended ranges.

Besides providing a safer standoff distance for pilots at greater than 60 nautical miles, Laser SDB target coordinates can be updated after weapon release by illuminating the target with standard Laser designation procedures. Laser SDB also retains a smaller warhead that provides reduced collateral damage, and offers ultra-low fragmentation with the composite focused lethality munition (FLM) variant. Source boeing.ca

GBU-39/B Weapon:

•  Dimensions: (L x W): 70.8″ x 7.5″ (1.8 m x 19 cm)
•  Weapon Weight: 285 pounds (130 kg)
•  Warhead: 206 lb. (93 kg) penetrating blast fragmentation
•  Warhead penetration: >3 feet of steel reinforced concrete
•  Fuze: electronic safe/arm fuze
•  Standoff maximum range: more than 60 nautical miles
•  Precision inertial navigation system/GPS
•  Anti-jam GPS and selective-ability anti-spoofing module

BRU-61/A Carriage System:

•  Payload capacity: four weapons
•  Weight: 320 pounds (145 kg) empty, 1,460 pounds (664 kg) loaded
•  Dimensions (L x W x H): 143″ x 16″ x 16″ (3.6 m x 40.6 cm x 40.6 cm)
•  Fits nearly all delivery platforms

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 129 kg
Length: 1.8 m Span: 1.38 m
Diameter: 0.19 Generation: None
Properties: Weapon – INS w/ GPS Navigation
Targets: Land Structure – Soft, Land Structure – Hardened, Runway
WEAPONS:
GBU-39/B SDB – (USAF, 2006) Guided Weapon
Land Max: 111.1 km.

Source cmano-db.com

Saab RBS15F ER anti-ship missile

RBS-15 – Saab

Sweden will equip its future fleet of Gripen E fighters with an extended-range version of the Saab/Diehl Defence-produced RBS15 anti-ship missile, under a project worth SKr3.2 billion ($358 million).

Announced on 31 March, the deal will deliver weapons with “greatly improved capabilities to engage any target, in all [weather] conditions”, says Saab chief executive Håkan Buskhe. Equipped with an upgraded seeker, the RBS15F ER will have a reduced launch weight and increased range compared with earlier versions of the maritime- and land-attack missile.

The extended-range design will be among a variety of weapon types to be carried by the Gripen E, which is scheduled for delivery to the Swedish air force from 2019. Others include MBDA’s Meteor beyond visual-range air-to-air missile, which entered service with its MS20 operating standard Gripen Cs last year, and Diehl Defence’s short-range IRIS-T.

Saab lists the 4.35m (14.3ft)-long, sea-skimming RBS15F ER as weighing around 600kg (1,320lb), including a 200kg warhead. It cites an operational range of more than 108nm (200km). Source flightglobal.com

xxeb158

RBS15 Gungnir

Length: 4.35 m
Fuselage diameter: 0.50 m
Wingspan: 1.40 m
Weight (in flight): ca 650 kg
Weight (with boosters): ca 810 kg
Seeker: Active radar
Speed: 0.9 Mach (subsonic)
Range: >300 km
Warhead: ~200 kg
Trajectory: Multiple 3D waypoints
Navigation: INS and Anti-Jam GPS
Service life: 30 years
Launch platforms: Aircraft, ships and trucks
Target set: Manoeuvring ships at sea, stationary land targets

Source saab.com

Taurus KEPD 350

Main features

  • Designed to penetrate dense air defences
  • Intended to neutralize high-value stationary and semi-stationary targets
  • Day-and-night all-weather capabilities
  • Only stand-off missle capable of being programmed for effect at a specific pre-selected floor

FEATURES

The TAURUS KEPD 350 is an MTCR category 2 weapon, designed to penetrate dense air defences by means of a very low level terrain following flight.

The TAURUS KEPD 350 is intended to neutralize high-value stationary and semi-stationary targets through its highly effective 481 kg dual stage warhead system MEPHISTO.

It combines outstanding penetration capabilities for hard and deeply buried targets (HDBT), as well as blast and fragmentation capabilities against high-value point and area targets (e.g. air defences), as well as an exceptional bridge- and runway-target kill capacity.

The TAURUS KEPD 350 remains the only stand-off missile capable of being programmed for effect at a specific pre-selected floor. This extraordinary feature is achieved by applying layer counting and void sensing-technology. It also has day-and-night all-weather capabilities.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Range +500 km
Weight 1400 kg
Length 5 m
Warhead 481 kg   (Tandem warheads)
Velocity M 0.6-0.95
Approach Low Level Terrain Following Navigation Tre-Tec(IMU aided by Image-based Terrain Reference navigation and GPS)
Propulsion Turbojet

Source saab.com

TAURUS KEPD 350 on both wings  of Gripen – acecombat.wikia.com

The aircraft features a 27mm all-purpose Mauser BK27 high velocity gun providing both air-to-air and air-to-surface attack capability. It is also equipped with a missile approach warning (MAW) system and is capable of carrying more chaff packets and flares compared with similar aircraft, enhancing its survivability.

27mm all-purpose Mauser BK27 high velocity gun

The revolver cannon BK 27 was developed against the stringent requirements for Nato air forces for the use in aircraft. Today, more than 3,000 BK 27 are in service all over the world, in aircraft such as the Tornado, the Alpha Jet and the Gripen. The performance assessment of aircraft cannons for the Eurofighter in the 1980s resulted in no alternative to the BK 27.

The main features of the BK 27mm are high performance, high kill probability and reliability using a broad variety of ammunition.

For the Eurofighter, the BK 27 installation introduced, for the first time for a revolver gun, a linkless-closed ammunition feed system, the Linkless Ammunition Box (LAB). Apart from eliminating the risks associated with the ejection of cases and links, such a self-contained feeding system results in a significant volume reduction of about 60%. Thus, a risk free and modular adapted weapon system is available for integration into future fighter aircraft.

Mauser BK27 seen here under the cockpit of Gripen E

The Frangible Armour Piercing (FAP) round can be deployed in both the air-to-ground and air-to-air roles.

FAPDS AMMUNITION – FRANGIBLE ARMOUR PIERCING

The “Frangible” concept was developed to defeat both “hard” and “soft” targets, without recourse to the use of conventional high explosives and fuses. Based on the well-proven Oerlikon Contraves sub-calibre technology, employing an in-situ plastic-moulded tungsten alloy core with integrated driving band, the FAPDS ammunition has a very high muzzle velocity. As a result, a flat projectile trajectory and a short flight time significantly increase the hit probability. The FAP rounds were especifically designed for aircraft cannon such as the M 39 and M 61. Source usaf.com

Gripen E’s radars, sensors and communication systems

The Gripen E features Selex’s ES-05 Raven active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar system. Fitted on a swashplate at the nose of the aircraft, the radar provides an angular field of view of 100° and look behind capability.

Selex’s ES-05 Raven active AESA radar

The Raven ES-05 is an evolution of the fire control radars of the Raven family (500E and 1000E), manufactured by Selex Galileo. Selex Galileo has the unique distinction of not only creating an array of fire control AESA radars (the Vixen E family) but also a number of AESA surveillance radars (the Seaspray E family).

The Raven ES-05 radar uses about one thousand TRMs capable of generating high-power radar beams. The radar also generates a wide array of wave and processing regimes, capable of implementing a set of air-to-air seek while tracking, combat, air-to-ground and air-to-sea modes.

An important technological innovation introduced by Selex Ga­lileo in the Raven ES-05 was the “Swashplate” concept. The AESA radars had their antennas made up by a matrix of TRMs, in a flat circular configuration, without mechanical movement, attached to the bulkhead of the front fuselage of the aircraft. This type of radar antenna can move its electronic beam anywhere inside a field of view (FoV – Field of View) to detect and track targets.

However, the FoV of these types of AESA is limited to about +/- 60 degrees in relation to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft and its front. The Swashplate concept consists of a mounted AESA antenna inclined in a ring with electromechanical rolling. The key-component of the Swashplate is the rotating joint that transfers the cooling liquid, control and power signals and RF signals from and to the radar receiver behind the aircraft bulkhead.

The rotating joint, as it occurs with the radar units, has to occupy the smallest space possible, with minimum operating weight and reliable manner, based on the hostile operating environment on-board a fighter jet. The inclined layout of the Swashplate allows the total scanning angle of the radar to be the same as the maximum electronic angle plus the angle of inclination, that is, an angle of 45 degrees of inclination will allow a total scanning angle of 105 degrees.

In long-range air-to-air combat, the highest FoV means that a Gripen can maneuver at an angle in relation to the viewed axis of the target (off-boresight angle) greater than what is possible with an AESA radar with fixed TRMs matrix after launching a BVR missile and still be able to send updated information to the missile. In turn, a potential enemy will be limited to deviating up to 60º of the viewed angle after launching the BVR missile. Therefore, it will still be displacing towards a missile launched by Gripen while this, in turn, will be flying perpendicularly or even away from the enemy missile. Simulations made showed that this capacity should not be underestimated and it will have a devastating effect in the engagement result of the BVR.

Another advantage offered by the Swashplate is its use in recognition missions because the higher FoV enables images generated by the Raven radar operating in synthetic aperture mode (SAR) to be wider, offering greater coverage of the desired region.

An AESA radar allows its antenna to be used for digital information exchange (data linking) between aircrafts that “talk” a same communication protocol and Raven is not a exception to the rule. Therefore, it is possible for a Gripen NG to detect targets with its radar and digitally transmit the information to other Gripen NG fighter aircrafts without them using their own radars, with this increasing the stealth effect of the aircrafts and increase their probabilities of success in the combat. Hence, a single Gripen NG can operate as a “mini-AWACS”, able to detect targets and obtain SAR imaging simultaneously, and disclose this information to other aircrafts. Source gripenblogs.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.6 km Generation: Late 2010s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
SENSORS / EW:
PS-05/A Mk4 AESA [ES-05 Raven] – Radar
Role: Radar, FCR, Air-to-Air & Air-to-Surface, Medium-Range
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

The passive Infrared Search and Track (IRST) sensor system fitted to the aircraft is the Skyward G supplied by Selex. It is also mounted on the nose of the aircraft and does not emit signals. The aircraft is further fitted with a passively listening advanced electronic warfare (EW) system.

Infrared Search and Track (IRST) sensor system

Finmeccanica – Selex ES will provide new equipment to SAAB, which will equip the new Gripen E for the Swedish Air Force with 60 Skyward G-IRST (infra-red search and track), infrared search and track systems made in the Selex ES plant of Nerviano (Milan).

The Skyward-G IRST is a long-range electro-optical sensor. It is a passive system that does not emit any signals of its own when in use. It detects the heat signatures of other airborne systems but cannot be detected in return. This provides a great tactical advantage.

With the IRST a Gripen can detect and track enemy targets, including aircraft, naval vessels and ground vehicles. The system also has a significant ‘counter-stealth’ capability and, when used alone or in conjunction with Gripen’s other sensors, it can produce high-fidelity tracking information against complex targets over long ranges, well beyond visual range.

KEY FEATURES
• Passive Operation (immune to electronic detection and RF countermeasures)
• Mid or Long Wave IR
• Long range detection
• Wide scan volume
• Selectable Field Of View (FOV) (Wide – Middle – Narrow)
• Open architecture
• Air cooled
• Broad suite of field proven air-to-air, air-to-surface and navigation modes
• Detection and tracking of a high number of targets.
• Software algorithms for low false alarm rate
• Growth capability to extend the existing features, includingdual IR band detector and sensor fusion with radar Source leonardocompany.com

GENERAL DATA:
Type: Infrared Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 185.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Infrared, 3rd Generation Imaging (2000s/2010s, Impr LANTIRN, Litening II/III, ATFLIR)
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Classification [Class Info] / Brilliant Weapon [Automatic Target Aquisition], Continous Tracking Capability [Visual]
SENSORS / EW:
Skyward-G – (Gripen-NG) Infrared
Role: IRST, Imaging Infrared Seach and Track
Max Range: 185.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Mode 5 M428 transponder

The systems will be used by Gripen pilots to identify other aircraft or vehicles as friendly (or potentially unfriendly) and to determine their bearing and range from the aircraft. Independent from the Gripen NG’s radar and other sensors, the system can look in a different direction, allowing the pilot to use the radar to queue-up targets for subsequent identification. Of particular note, the system’s separate antennas give it a wide, more-than 180 degree field of regard, providing operational benefits.

Each complete system consists of a transponder and an interrogator. Also included is a crypto customised in accordance with customer requirements. The transponder, which is the company’s Mode 5 M428 model, is the same being offered to the UK MoD to address NATO’s requirement for a new standard of IFF across all platforms. Source avionews.com

Gripen E next-generation electronic warfare capability

Saab

One of the standout improvements is the Gripen E’s electronic warfare (EW) system, which takes advantage of the aircraft’s fully-digital architecture. This and the more powerful jammer-emitter capability, which is made possible by the integrated set of jamming transmitters, radar warning receivers, and the Selex AESA radar set, make for a more powerful EW profile.

“The configuration of the EW system for the Gripen E allows you to focus the jamming signal in a narrower band, so the signal itself is stronger and directed at an individual specific threat,” said one of the Gripen test pilots. The previous EW system produced a broader frequency band signal, which was designed to counter several threats at once.

The Gripen E’s new EW system uses three types of signal generators to obscure the existence of the aircraft or cause confusion about its location and/or existence so that an adversary cannot choose a proper firing solution. The three types of signal generators are Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM), Doppler, and Noise. DRFM emulates the signal of the radar that makes contact with the aircraft and then mirrors it back so that it appears to the operator on the other side that the radar has encountered nothing. Source janes.com

Elisra passive airborne warning system (PAWS-2)

The Elisra passive airborne warning system (PAWS-2) has been selected for the Gripen fighter. Elbit, Elisra’s parent Israeli company, said that the system was selected “following a comprehensive in-depth evaluation and testing in various scenarios as well as in a comparative live fire test.”

The missile approach warning function on the Gripen has previously been provided by Saab itself, as part of the Swedish company’s Integrated Defensive Aids System (IDAS) that has also been installed on other combat aircraft, helicopters and airlifters. IDAS includes the MAW-300, which employs ultraviolet (UV) sensors, whereas PAWS-2 is an infrared (IR) system. Elbit said that PAWS-2 is based on years of experience and has growth potential “to cope with ever-growing future requirements expected during the life-cycle of the Gripen fighter system.”

A Saab spokesman told AIN that PAWS-2 would be the baseline fit for all future Gripens but that individual customers would be free to select and integrate alternatives. The Gripen has just been chosen by Brazil, and Saab is currently campaigning to sell the fighter to Malaysia and Switzerland, having secured an order for 60 from the Swedish air force. The Swedish aircraft will be converted from Gripen Cs that are already in service. Switzerland will get 22 new aircraft, if a nationwide referendum next year confirms the purchase. Source ainonline.com

BriteCloud Expendable Active Decoy (EAD)

In addition, Saab is also offering the BriteCloud Expendable Active Decoy (EAD) as an electronic warfare option for the Gripen E.

BriteCloud is a self-contained digital radio frequency memory (DRFM) jammer that is designed to protect fighter jets from complex threats such as RF-guided missiles and fire-control radars. After manual or automatic ejection from a standard chaff and flare dispenser, BriteCloud detects RF emissions and cross-references them against its pre-programmed threat library. Upon finding a match, the decoy applies advanced algorithms and emits a deception signal to defeat the threat radar and incoming missile so that the aircraft is able to carry on safely and concentrate on its mission. Source defense-update.com

Technical Specifications

  • Frequency Band H-J
  • Shelf Life 5 years minimum
  • Size 55mm format available now. 218 format available in 2016
  • Weight 1.1kg when loaded in flare tube

Details PDF: Here

Rafael’s Litening III Laser Designation Pod (LDP) is fitted to the aircraft for attacking ground targets using laser-guided bombs. The LDP also integrates a forward looking infrared (FLIR) sensor and a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera.

Rafael’s Litening III Laser Designation Pod (LDP)

Rafael’s Litening III Laser Designation Pod (LDP) on Gripen 39C

Litening Airborne Day/Night Navigation & Targeting Pod provides precision strike capability to every fighter aircraft.

  • reduces pilot workload during the process of targeting maintenance target
  • Sighting system of high accuracy and reliability
  • reduces operational limitations
  • simple maintenance and support
  • low maintenance cost
  • potential upgrade
  • upgrades available for aircraft with multi-mission capability
  • Adaptable on most aircraft
  • detection, recognition, identification, laser designation of targets on land or sea
  • Release accurate ammunition laser-guided enema and general purpose weapons.
  • identification of air targets beyond visual range (BRV)
  • option for data link and long-range video

litening3_targeting_pod_03.jpg

The evolution of the Litening pod continued with the Litening III version, which utilized a more capable Gen III (3-5micron) FLIR, with a 640×480 digital detectors array. This system is also equipped with a target marker, which improves the coordination of ground and air forces, by designation of targets by day or night. Litening III system is also equipped with a dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser, which is compatible with training (eyesafe) and wartime operational modes. The system also employs electronic image stabilization, to provide cleaner images of targets, acquired at long standoff range.

Logistically, the integration of the pod is easy and straightforward; it can fit the centerline or E/O pod mounts available with most modern aircraft and require no structural changes in the aircraft. Pods can also be installed on different aircraft, in support of specific missions. For example, the US Reserves currently field eight pods per wing. The pod requires minimal maintenance and technical support on the flight line. It is self boresighting in flight, therefore requires no alignment prior to the mission and improved accuracy during operations.

litening-breakdown-lr

The Israeli targeting pod was procured by 14 air forces, including the US Air Force Reserve’s and Air National Guards for their F-16 Block 25/30/32 Fighting Falcon. Other air forces operating the system include the US Marine Corps (AV-8B), Israeli air Force (F-16), Spanish and Italian Navy (AV-8B) and Spanish air force (F/A-18), German Air Force (Tornado IDS), and the Venezuela (F-16A/B). The pods were also selected for South Africa’s Grippens, India’s Mirage 2000, MiG-27 and Jaguar. The most recent inquiry for the pods came in March, for a planned procurement of F-16s by Austria. The pod is also fully integrated in the Eurofighter, F-5E, MiG-21 and other types. Testing are underway to integrate the pod with Boeing F-15I operated by the Israel Air Force.

Litening III specifications:
length: 220 cm
diameter: 406 mm
total weight: 440 lb
Operating altitude: +40,000
IR sensor: 640×480 FPA Mid-IR wavelength
Day sensor: CCDTV
Wide FOV: 18.4 x 24.1
medium FOV: 3.5×3.5
Narrow field of view: 1×1
Field of regard: +45 / -150
Roll: +/- 400
Laser: Diode pumped laser designator, dual wavelength

Source military.rootsweb.ancestry.com

RecceLite reconnaissande pod 

Close-up photo of RecceLite reconnaissande pod mounted on JAS 39D

The RecceLite is a self-contained self-cooled multi-sensor tactical reconnaissance system, consisting of an airborne pod based on the Litening Targeting and Navigation Pod and a ground exploitation station.

The RecceLite simultaneously collects Infra-Red (IR) and Visual (VIS and near IR) digital images within a very wide field of regard, in accordance with an automatic mission plan and/or manual operation. The images and the data annotation are recorded on a solid state recorder and transmitted to the exploitation station via the RecceLite data link. The Images are then interpreted at the ground exploitation station. Source virtualmarket.ila-berlin.de

Thales Digital Joint Reconnaissance Pod

Thales Digital Joint Reconnaissance Pod Seen here on JAS 39C – Image: saairforce.co.za

Digital joint reconnaissance pod

  • Pod mounted high resolution EO imagery and horizon-to-horizon IR coverage
  • High speed/high altitude image collection, fulfilling all air tactical IMINT tasks
  • Vertical, oblique & stand-off for reconnaissance, border patrol, BDA, foliage penetration, route clearance
  • Flight envelope compatible with 4th Gen aircraft, MUAV and commercial aircraft

Source Thales

The aircraft can be fitted with regular radios, Havequick/SATURN frequency hopping secure radio, long-distance satellite communication systems, including the Link 16 for wide-area command and control (C2), which is compatible with FLORAKO radar system.

It is also fitted with a ground data link called ROVER, which provides communication to a Forward Air Controller (FAC) or Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) on the ground.

GE F414G engine for Gripen E

The General Electric GE-414G turbofan engine undergoing static tests. Developing up to 22,000 pounds of thrust, this engine takes the Gripen E to supersonic without the use of afterburner. – SAAB

The Gripen E is driven by General Electric’s (GE) F414G turbofan engine rated at 22,000lb (98kN). It features a new high-pressure turbine and a new six-stage, high-pressure compressor.

General Electric’s (GE) F414G turbofan engine

Source GE

Capture2

Saab do Brasil

GE was awarded a $250m contract by the Government of Switzerland in December 2011 to supply the engines for the Gripen E. The aircraft’s engine and design enable it to fly at supersonic speed without using an afterburner, saving more fuel and enabling it to stay in the air longer.

APU

Gripen E orders and deliveries

gripenblogs.com

Orders for the new generation aircraft for Sweden are based on the initial agreements signed between Saab and Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) in February and March 2012. The agreement calls for the modification of 60 Gripen C aircraft to Gripen E configuration for Sweden from 2013 to 2026. Three development orders under the agreement have been made by 2013.

The total value of the orders under the agreement is estimated to be SEK47.2bn ($7.4bn).A framework agreement was signed in August 2012 between the Swedish Defence and Security Export Agency (FXM) and Armasuisse. Switzerland has an option to procure 22 Gripen E aircraft to be delivered between 2018 and 2021 under the agreement.

Both chambers of the Swiss Parliament,National Council (Nationalrat) and Council of States (Ständerat), won majority approvals from its members for the procurement of Gripen E in August 2013 and September 2013, respectively. In December 2014, FMV placed a $50m development order with Saab for Gripen E aircraft.

Saab received an approximately $800m order from FMV to provide role equipment, support and maintenance equipment for Gripen E aircraft, in October 2014.

Technical Specifications

Gripen E

Length over all 15.2 meters
Width over all 8.6 meters
Maximum take off weight 16500 kg
Max thrust 98 kN
Hardpoints 10
Maximum speed Mach 2
Combat turnaround air-to-air 10 minutes

Gripen F (two-seater)

Length over all 15.9 meters
Width over all 8.6 meters
Max thrust 98 kN
Hardpoints 10
Maximum speed Mach 2
Combat turnaround air-to-air 10 minutes

Technical Specifications Saab

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Revised Nov 27, 2018

Updated Sept 18, 2019

Russian TOS 1A Thermobaric MLRS

The TOS-1A is the latest version of the original TOS-1 heavy flamethrower system. It was adopted by the Russian Army in 2001. The TOS-1A was used by the Russian Army in Chechnya. This heavy flamethrower system has been exported to Azerbaijan (18), Iraq (4) and Kazakhstan (3). Iraqi systems have seen combat during the fights with Islamic State fighters. It seems that the TOS-1A has also been exported to Syria, where it has seen combat during the Syrian Civil War.

maxresdefaultIraqi TOS-1A MLRS (Thermobaric) in action against ISIS

   The TOS-1A heavy flamethrower system is intended for direct fire support of advancing infantry and main battle tanks, and moves in their combat orders. It is designed to engage military personnel, fortifications and light armored vehicles. The heavy flamethrower system is generally similar to multiple launch rocket systems, however it fires different types of rockets and has a shorter firing range.

3d tos 1a tos 1:

   The main element of the TOS-1A system is the BM-1 launch vehicle. A number of launching tubes was reduced from 30 to 24, arranged in three rows of eight tubes each. New launching tubes are longer in comparison with the previous heavy flamethrower system.

There are at least two types of 220-mm rockets. These are 3.3 and 3.7 m long and weight 173 and 217 kg respectively. The TOS-1A uses longer rockets and has a longer range than its predecessor. Maximum range of fire was increased to 6 000 m. Minimum range is 400 m.

MO.101.04, MO.1.01.04M rocket

PERFORMANCE

Caliber, mm 220
Number

guide tubes, pieces

24
length of the guide tube, mm 3725
Range of fire:
– Minimum
– Maximum 6000
400 – 600
6000
Lesion area open and located in open trenches manpower when firing at maximum range, m2 Prior

40000

TZM-T reloading vehicle technical data tonnel-ufo.ru

3d tos 1a tos 1:

   There are at least two types of warheads – incendiary and thermobaric. The thermobaric weapons are also called vacuum or fuel-air explosives. This type of munitions releases a large cloud of flammable gas and causes massive explosions. It is used to clear out bunkers and other fortifications. The TOS-1A heavy flamethrower system launches a single rocket, or a pair of two rockets within 0.5 s. Full salvo duration is 12 and 6 seconds in automatic mode respectively.

   The BM-1 launching vehicle has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. It is fitted with a modern fire control system. All guidance and firing procedures are made from the inside of the vehicle, without exposing crew to enemy fire. The launcher vehicle is prepared for firing at a visible target within 90 seconds.

TOS-1A BM-1 Soltsepek heavy flamethrower armoured vehicle technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian army defence industry military technology

For self-digging, a bulldozer blade is mounted at the front of the vehicle. It allows to significantly shortening the time period equipping of the individual trench. This system is operated by the driver from inside the vehicle. To ensure insure fire accuracy the TOS-1A is equipped with two outriggers and hydraulic locks mounted at the rear of the chassis.

TOS-1A BM-1 Soltsepek heavy flamethrower armoured vehicle technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian army defence industry military technology

The fire control system is designed for target searching, measuring of the target range, measuring of inclination, launchers different from horizon, angle detection of the target position, estimation of the super-elevation angles of the rocking unit and side rotation of the launcher considering range, air temperatures, charge, air pressure, speed and direction of the wind at the active and passive areas of missile flight trajectory.

Modernization of heavy flamethrower system TOS-1A-based products ABAC-KTNTS (Engineering note)

At present JSC “Design Bureau of Transport Machinery” (Omsk) is a pioneer in the development of heavy flamethrower system (TOS) TOS-1A, “sun”, which is designed to provide fire support to infantry and tanks, the defeat of the enemy, open and covered fire positions in a variety of offensive and defensive combat, as well as the decommissioning of light armored vehicles and vehicles. The system includes a fighting machine BM-1. “sunshine” capable of hitting enemy targets at ranges from 3.6 to 6 kilometers (depending the type of missile).

Figure 1 — Option placing the article on the ABAC-KTNTS BM TOS-1A (object 634B).

Fighting vehicle BM-1 is a multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) on tank chassis of T-72A. Fighting machine (BM) is used to place Nursi and start at designated targets.

BM-1 is equipped with a rotating platform with a swinging part in the form of a package of 24 tube guides for missiles with power servo drives and fire control system, placed on the chassis of a main battle tank T-72A. Guidance swinging of PU on the target in the horizontal and vertical planes produced power servo drives with a laser rangefinder and ballistic computer. The most important condition for maintaining the combat readiness of TOS-1A and ensure the effective management of its fire is the exact orientation of PU and Surveying binding.

The fire control system TOS-1A includes an optical sight, laser range finder periscope 1D14, tilt sensor, trim PB2.329.04 (electrical, Pendulum) and specialized electronic digital computer system with sensor equipment MO.1.01.01.03M2. A laser range finder distance to the target are determined with an accuracy of up to 10 m The data is automatically entered into the ballistic computer calculates the required elevation launcher. The angle of heel and trim package guides captured automatically and takes into account the calculator. TOS-1A incorporates the device orientation — giropolukompas HPA-59.

Figure 2 — The placement ISS products ABAC-KTNTS on BM TOS-1A

“NPO” Progress “offers a comprehensive solution to upgrade TOS-1A, and the use of the product ABAC-KTNTS comprising: a laser designator c to measure the distance to the target, up to 1.5 meters, forced a precision inertial measurement unit, which serves as high-precision topographic location with an accuracy of 0.7 PDE, gyrocompass and girokursoukazaetlya, navigation [1].

Product ABAC-KTNTS turns TOS-1A as an independent reconnaissance and strike complex. It should be noted that the adopted today in service of the Ministry of Defense of Russian mobile navigation systems and geodetic topoprivyazchiki have the precision parameters of PDE 2

The technical proposal relates to the fire control system, including the gyrocompass girokursoukazatelyam, orientation and stabilization systems PU.

The essence of the technical proposal is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The composition of the BM TOS-1A (object 634B) product introduced ABAC-KTNTS. To improve the accuracy and launch NURS TPU BM placed on inertial measurement unit (Figure 2), which also serves as for precision measurements BM azimuth, pitch and roll, and perform the function gyro, girokursoukazaetlya and navigator in the nomination of BM to the start position (SP).

Technical Proposal for placement on the ISS TPU BM-1 TOS-1A refers to methods for controlling vibrations of aiming launcher MLRS combat vehicles. The proposed technical solution, the measurement of the amplitude and frequency of vibration of aiming the weapon is carried out using high-precision built-in accelerometer inertial measurement unit (IMU) articles of ABAC-KTNTS. The measurement results are processed in the integrated unit TSBUN central computer in real time. Information about deviations of aiming device used for control intervals between shots, and the tension of the cable, or spring-torsional vibration isolators to change their stiffness in accordance with the specified characteristics of aiming in amplitude and frequency of oscillations as in the preparation of the shooting, and in managing the fluctuations in the process of aiming a volley MLRS. Technical Proposal “RPA” PROGRESS “automates the process of measuring and recording vibrations of aiming in real time.

Improving performance characteristics of TOS-1A is also due to improved fire control system. In fire-control system introduced inertial measurement unit that is connected to the central control unit and navigation, Doppler speed sensors, and optical sight used as a laser designator.

It should be noted that the ISS can be used to determine the gyro horizon, which is designed to measure the angles of the BM in the automated systems of stabilization funds and arms control volley fire. The technical result — increasing the efficiency of missile systems by eliminating the dynamic error gyrovertical during firing. In the conduct of shooting switching devices turn off the system and horizontal correction gyrovertical converted into the free gyro mode. To do this, O horizon sensors are connected to the input of the amplifier through a horizontal correction switching devices whose inputs are connected to the output of the control device, and its entrance — to the output of the driver.

Product ABAC-KTNTS provide strategic autonomy war machine (BM), BM increase vitality and reduce training time volley with an arbitrary starting position by an autonomous topogeodesic binding and orientation of MB standalone installation estimates of fire and flight plan data (EDM and DPZ), the coordinates of aiming points , bespritselnogo guidance package guides.

The system of independent orientation, according to the technical proposal “NPO Progress” is the initial azimuth and navigation equipment, built-in central control and navigation (TSBUN) — initial fighting machine TOS-1A. After which the navigation system TSBUN continuously determines the location and orientation of the BM, the system displayed on the electronic navigation map displayed on the color display of the display device. After receiving the targeting of the laser pointer, a block of reception and transmission of data, the system also displays the range to the target and the direction of the race at the starting position (SP). At the starting position inertial navigation unit product ABAC-KTNTS defines specified angles pointing to the current position of MB. The system continuously determines the error of their angles with the current guidance. Drive guidance on these disagreements exercise guidance package guides. After a volley of BM can make protivoognevoy maneuver and change the joint venture. Preparation of a new salvo is the same way.

Figure 3 — Parts ABAC-KTNTS

The laser pointer is used to measure distance to an object in a single measurement. The principle of operation of a laser range finder based on irradiation of the object stack of laser pulses and simultaneous accumulation of echoes, reflecting? Nnyh from the object. The number of laser pulses emitted in the stack and, consequently, accumulated echoes adaptively selected from 1 to 1024, depending on the reflectivity of the object, its size, weather conditions and distance to the object. Laser pulse repetition frequency of 5 kHz. Laser pointer has built a television camera, the lens of which is shared with at? Mnym channel rangefinder. Displayed on the display device in the form of a cross mark and the distance to the object. Image of the object and the underlying surface on the display items improved by image processing procedures.

Incorporated in the product ABAC-KTNTS technical solutions and software will greatly expand the functionality of the fire control system, stabilization, orientation and navigation TOS-1A, improve positioning accuracy for combat positions and reduce the available time for work that enhances the survivability BM TOS-1A . Translated by google – Source sdelanounas.ru

The TOS-1A launcher is mounted on a modified T-72A main battle tank chassis. Vehicle is powered by a V-84MS diesel engine, developing 840 hp. It is fitted with a self-entrenching blade. Armor protection of this system is similar to that of the T-72A MBT.

V-84MS diesel engine

fofanov.armor.kiev.ua

Specifications:
Property Value
Engine power output (h.p.)
840
Rated speed (r.p.m.)
2000
Fuel consuption (g/h.p.h)
182
Length (mm)
1480
Height (mm)
896
Width (mm)
902
Weight (kg)
1020

Source army-guide.com

TZM-T reloading vehicle  This heavy flamethrower is supported by a new TZM-T reloading vehicle, which is used to transport and reload rockets. It carries a full set of reload rockets in two pods for 12 rockets each. A crane is mounted between these units. Reloading vehicle also carries 400 liters of fuel for the BM-1 launch vehicle. The TZM-T is operated by a crew of three.

tzm t transport 3d max: TZM-T reloading vehicle
Freight loader TZM-T
Weight TLV-T kit Nursi, t 39
Average ground pressure, MPa (kgf/cm2) 0,079 (0,79)
main dimensions:
– Length
– Width on removable flaps
– Height
– On the main bottom clearance
7000
3580
3050
477
speed (maximum on the highway), km / h 60
Cruising range, km 550
Number

vozimykh for MB-1 ammunition, items

24
Ammunition supply of fuel for the BM-1, n 400
Obstacles:
– Maximum lift, hail,
– The maximum angle of heel deg.
– Width of the trench, m
– Wall height, m
– The depth of the ford, m
30
25
2,6-2,8
0,85
1,2

TZM-T reloading vehicle technical data tonnel-ufo.ru

   Also recently appeared a reloading vehicle, based on KamAZ-6350 8×8 truck. It also carries two pods of reload rockets with a crane mounted in between.

Entered service 2001
Crew 3 men
Dimensions and weight
Weight 44.3 t
Length 7.24 m
Width 3.58 m
Height 3.07 m
Armament
Caliber 220-mm
Number of tubes 24
Rocket weight 173 or 217 kg
Warhead weight 45 kg
Firing range 0.4 – 6 km
Full salvo duration 6 / 12 s
Reloading time ?
Mobility
Engine V-84MS diesel
Engine power 840 hp
Maximum road speed 60 km/h
Range 550 km
Maneuverability
Gradient 60%
Side slope 40%
Vertical step 0.85 m
Trench 2.6 – 2.8 m
Fording 1.2 m

Source: military-today.com/forum.tanktastic.org/army-guide.com

Images are from pubic domain unless otherwise stated

Main image Vladimir Astapkovich

Updated Jan 23, 2017

post-3240-0-85998100-1416335890

The original TOS-1 heavy flamethrower system

Fighting vehicle BM-1 is a multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) on tank chassis of T-72A. Fighting machine (BM) is used to place Nursi and start at designated targets.

BM-1 is equipped with a rotating platform with a swinging part in the form of a package of 24 tube guides for missiles with power servo drives and fire control system, placed on the chassis of a main battle tank T-72A. Guidance swinging of PU on the target in the horizontal and vertical planes produced power servo drives with a laser rangefinder and ballistic computer. The most important condition for maintaining the combat readiness of TOS-1A and ensure the effective management of its fire is the exact orientation of PU and Surveying binding.

The fire control system TOS-1A includes an optical sight, laser range finder periscope 1D14, tilt sensor, trim PB2.329.04 (electrical, Pendulum) and specialized electronic digital computer system with sensor equipment MO.1.01.01.03M2. A laser range finder distance to the target are determined with an accuracy of up to 10 m The data is automatically entered into the ballistic computer calculates the required elevation launcher. The angle of heel and trim package guides captured automatically and takes into account the calculator. TOS-1A incorporates the device orientation — giropolukompas HPA-59.

Figure 2 — The placement ISS products ABAC-KTNTS on BM TOS-1A

“NPO” Progress “offers a comprehensive solution to upgrade TOS-1A, and the use of the product ABAC-KTNTS comprising: a laser designator c to measure the distance to the target, up to 1.5 meters, forced a precision inertial measurement unit, which serves as high-precision topographic location with an accuracy of 0.7 PDE, gyrocompass and girokursoukazaetlya, navigation [1].

Product ABAC-KTNTS turns TOS-1A as an independent reconnaissance and strike complex. It should be noted that the adopted today in service of the Ministry of Defense of Russian mobile navigation systems and geodetic topoprivyazchiki have the precision parameters of PDE 2

The technical proposal relates to the fire control system, including the gyrocompass girokursoukazatelyam, orientation and stabilization systems PU.

The essence of the technical proposal is shown in Figures 1 and 2. The composition of the BM TOS-1A (object 634B) product introduced ABAC-KTNTS. To improve the accuracy and launch NURS TPU BM placed on inertial measurement unit (Figure 2), which also serves as for precision measurements BM azimuth, pitch and roll, and perform the function gyro, girokursoukazaetlya and navigator in the nomination of BM to the start position (SP).

Technical Proposal for placement on the ISS TPU BM-1 TOS-1A refers to methods for controlling vibrations of aiming launcher MLRS combat vehicles. The proposed technical solution, the measurement of the amplitude and frequency of vibration of aiming the weapon is carried out using high-precision built-in accelerometer inertial measurement unit (IMU) articles of ABAC-KTNTS. The measurement results are processed in the integrated unit TSBUN central computer in real time. Information about deviations of aiming device used for control intervals between shots, and the tension of the cable, or spring-torsional vibration isolators to change their stiffness in accordance with the specified characteristics of aiming in amplitude and frequency of oscillations as in the preparation of the shooting, and in managing the fluctuations in the process of aiming a volley MLRS. Technical Proposal “RPA” PROGRESS “automates the process of measuring and recording vibrations of aiming in real time.

Improving performance characteristics of TOS-1A is also due to improved fire control system. In fire-control system introduced inertial measurement unit that is connected to the central control unit and navigation, Doppler speed sensors, and optical sight used as a laser designator.

It should be noted that the ISS can be used to determine the gyro horizon, which is designed to measure the angles of the BM in the automated systems of stabilization funds and arms control volley fire. The technical result — increasing the efficiency of missile systems by eliminating the dynamic error gyrovertical during firing. In the conduct of shooting switching devices turn off the system and horizontal correction gyrovertical converted into the free gyro mode. To do this, O horizon sensors are connected to the input of the amplifier through a horizontal correction switching devices whose inputs are connected to the output of the control device, and its entrance — to the output of the driver.

Product ABAC-KTNTS provide strategic autonomy war machine (BM), BM increase vitality and reduce training time volley with an arbitrary starting position by an autonomous topogeodesic binding and orientation of MB standalone installation estimates of fire and flight plan data (EDM and DPZ), the coordinates of aiming points , bespritselnogo guidance package guides.

The system of independent orientation, according to the technical proposal “NPO Progress” is the initial azimuth and navigation equipment, built-in central control and navigation (TSBUN) — initial fighting machine TOS-1A. After which the navigation system TSBUN continuously determines the location and orientation of the BM, the system displayed on the electronic navigation map displayed on the color display of the display device. After receiving the targeting of the laser pointer, a block of reception and transmission of data, the system also displays the range to the target and the direction of the race at the starting position (SP). At the starting position inertial navigation unit product ABAC-KTNTS defines specified angles pointing to the current position of MB. The system continuously determines the error of their angles with the current guidance. Drive guidance on these disagreements exercise guidance package guides. After a volley of BM can make protivoognevoy maneuver and change the joint venture. Preparation of a new salvo is the same way.

Figure 3 — Parts ABAC-KTNTS

The laser pointer is used to measure distance to an object in a single measurement. The principle of operation of a laser range finder based on irradiati
on of the object stack of laser pulses and simultaneous accumulation of echoes, reflecting? Nnyh from the object. The number of laser pulses emitted in the stack and, consequently, accumulated echoes adaptively selected from 1 to 1024, depending on the reflectivity of the object, its size, weather conditions and distance to the object. Laser pulse repetition frequency of 5 kHz. Laser pointer has built a television camera, the lens of which is shared with at? Mnym channel rangefinder. Displayed on the display device in the form of a cross mark and the distance to the object. Image of the object and the underlying surface on the display items improved by image processing procedures.

Incorporated in the product ABAC-KTNTS technical solutions and software will greatly expand the functionality of the fire control system, stabilization, orientation and navigation TOS-1A, improve positioning accuracy for combat positions and reduce the available time for work that enhances the survivability BM TOS-1A .

http://w.uptolike.com/widgets/v1/impression.html?v0.2688183818499096http://w.uptolike.com/widgets/v1/zp/support.html http://w.uptolike.com/widgets/v1/share-counter.html?74d73678bcb7b529157fab7f675eb1a9

China YJ-26 radar able to detect U.S. F-22 stealth fighter

China military able to detect U.S. F-22 stealth fighter jets, military expert says

February 18, 2016

The Chinese military is able to detect U.S. F-22 stealth fighter jets, according to a Chinese military expert in an interview for a CCTV program.

Several fighters from East China Sea Fleet patrolled around the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea after receiving orders that unidentified tracking occurred near the ADIZ on the morning of Feb. 10, according to a report on PLA Daily on Feb. 11.

The report said that helicopters from a carrier-based helicopter brigade along with the carrier patrolled around the area and missiles were set on fighters on duty at nearby military airports which were prepared to take off for combat. However the report did notdisclose which country the objects belong to or other relevant information.

Some Western media guessed that the unidentified objects might be the U.S. F-22 stealth fighter jets. Chinese military expert Yin Zhuo told Asia Today that if the unidentified objects appearing near ADIZ over the East China Sea turned out to be F-22 from the U.S.,it would be a good opportunity for China’s military to practice its ability to find, identify and intercept stealth fighters.

Does China’s military have the ability to find and identify stealth fighters? Military experts said that new type of Chinese Phased Array Radar is able to fulfill this task. Yin also said that F-22 is not totally stealth and meter-wave radar could detect the fighter. Radars arranged towards the East China Sea are able to find the F-22 stealth fighter jets, according to Yin. Besides, airborne early warning and control aircraft like KJ-2000 and KJ-500 are also equipped with the ability to detect stealth fighter jets.

Original Article: HERE

****-END-****

The Chinese have developed many types of systems to monitor stealth their AWACs are tuned for stealth detection.

See Details of KJ2000 AWACs

See Details Anti-stealth UAV