Tu-214ON (Open Skies) Reconnaissance Aircraft, Russia

Tu-214ON is a special-purpose reconnaissance aircraft built by Kazan Aviation Production Association n.a. S.P. Gorbunov (KAPO), an affiliate of JSC Tupolev Design Bureau, for the Russian Air Force.

The aircraft is intended to carry out unarmed observation, reconnaissance, surveillance, supervisory inspection and monitoring missions as part of the Open Skies Treaty international programme, which was signed by the US and the representatives of its 23 states in March 1992.

The jet can also conduct patrol in the coastal economic zone and border areas and provide support in emergency situations.

First Tu-214ON jet (RA-64519) – Russian internet images

JSC Radio Engineering Concern Vega, a subsidiary of United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation, was contracted for the development of airborne surveillance system, ground-based complex and other mission equipment for the aircraft.

The first Tu-214ON jet (RA-64519) was demonstrated at the MAKS-2011 international air show in Moscow. It performed its first test flight on 1 June 2011, which was followed by a series of 24 flights by December 2011.

First Tu-214ON jet (RA-64519) – Russian internet images

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation conducted state tests to verify the air and ground equipment of the Tu-214ON aircraft in April 2013. The jet was delivered to the Russian Defence Ministry in August 2013.

The second airliner (RA-64525) made its first flight in December 2013 and was delivered in July 2014. Tu-214ON is set to replace the Tu-154 observation airplane and the An-30 aerial cartography aircraft.

In August 2014, Vega delivered a set of training facilities to the Russian Air Force for use in training specialists of aviation system. The training system, consisting of two digital training computer labs and procedural simulators, is used to train the operators of aircraft and surveillance equipment.

Tu-214ON aircraft design and features

Anastasia Yushkevich

The Tu-214ON special-purpose reconnaissance aircraft is a modified Tu-214 passenger airliner. It is equipped with monoplane wings and a reinforced retractable landing gear. The nose landing gear features two wheels and two main landing gear units having four wheels each. The jet is also fitted with an additional second door.

Tu-214ON landing gear – Marina Lystseva

Five members can be accommodated on the flight deck. These are the crew commander, co-pilot, navigator, flight engineer, radio operator and translator.

Each crew workstation is equipped with two monitors to display the aircraft location, information about flight conditions and the hardware image. All the five workstations are connected to a local-area network.

The aircraft is also integrated with an auxiliary 15kVA-30kVA power supply system and an aircraft oxygen system, both developed by Russian firm Aviation Equipment Holding.

The base variant of the Tu-214ON measures 46m in overall length, 13.9m in overall height, and 42m in wing span. It has a wing area of 184.2m², empty weight of 59,000kg and maximum take-off weight of 110,750kg.

Andrey Pechenkin

Andrey Pechenkin

Andrey Pechenkin

Anton Ryabov

Surveillance equipment onboard the reconnaissance aircraft

The Tu-214ON reconnaissance aircraft is equipped with one A-84ON panoramic camera, one AK-111 topographic camera and two perspective AK-112 digital aerial cameras to capture high-resolution aerial photography. Cameras are provided with interchangeable lenses and different focal lengths.

The surveillance system also comprises a set of TV cameras for observation at low altitudes. An infrared line scanning device is installed to perform linear scanning of thermal imaging area in the range of 0.5-1.1 microns and 8-12 microns.

The aircraft also incorporates Ronsard sideways-looking, synthetic aperture radar for aerial observation at different altitudes under difficult weather conditions.

M402N RONSAR Radar

Side-scan radar with synthesized aperture “RONSAR” – niikulon.ru

M402N RONSAR (radar modification type M402 Pika ), installed inside a massive, rounded boat hull located in the hip abdomen, directly behind the wing edge. he M402N radar can track the ground surface of the ground at a distance of 4.7km to 25km on both sides of the flight axis. Source ruslet.webnode.cz

Side-scan radar with synthesized aperture “RONSAR”

Ground complex

The ground-based complex built by Vega collects and processes the navigation and surveillance data obtained by the aircraft, as well as tests the efficiency and performance of the sensors.

Tu-214ON engine and performance

Ilya N

Power for the base variant of the Tu-214ON special-purpose aircraft comes from two PS-90 turbofan engines placed under the wings in composite cowlings. Each engine develops a maximum take-off thrust of 16,140kg. The fuel tank capacity of the aircraft is 35.71t.

The aircraft has a cruise speed ranging from 810km/h to 850km/h and can reach altitudes up to 12,100m. Its range at full payload is 4,340km.

PS-90A turbofan engine

he PS-90A turbofan engine (PS – Pavel Soloviev) is one of the important achievements in the Russian aviation industry of the 90-s. This aircraft engine allowed almost doubling the efficiency of new generation airplanes, and, simultaneously, ensuring their conformity to world regulations on ecology.

The PS-90A is a two-shaft bypass turbofan with fan and core airflows mixing and high level of commonality. The aero engine is equipped with a thrust reverser in a fan duct and noise suppression system.

The PS-90A turbofan was certified in 1992.

In 1997 the Supplement to the engine Type Certificate was received to approve the aircraft engine field operation based on technical condition without fixed mean time between overhauls (MTBO) rates.

It is the sole powerplant for:

  • IL-96-300PU airplane of the President of the Russian Federation
  • Long-range passenger airliner IL-96-300
  • Mid-range passenger and cargo airplanes TU-204, TU-214 and their modifications


Thrust, kg:
-take-off: TH< +30°C , PH > 730 mm Hg, H=0
-cruise: Н=11 km, М=0.8
Specific fuel consumption (with real nozzle), kg/kgf hour 0.595
Flight altitude, m Up to 13100
Air temperature at sea level (for start and operation), ° С -47…+45
Airfield height (versus sea level), m Up to 3500
Engine length, mm 4964
Fan tip diameter, mm 1900
Dry weight, kg 2950
 Weight as delivered, kg  4 160

Source pmz.ru

Ivan Vukadinov

Tupolev Tu-214ON Tupolev Tu-214ON
Originální název:
Original Name:
Туполев Ту-214ОН
průzkumný/pozorovací letoun reconnaissance/scout aeroplane
DD.MM.2011-DD.MM.2013 OAO Kazaňské letecké výrobní sdružení S. P. Gorbunova, Kazaň
Období výroby:
Production Period:
Vyrobeno kusů:
Number of Produced:
2 (RA-64519, RA-64525)
První vzlet:
Maiden Flight:
21.03.1996 Tu-214
Základní charakteristika:
Basic Characteristics:
Vzlet a přistání:
Take-off and Landing:
CTOL – konvenční vzlet a přistání CTOL – conventional take-off and landing
Uspořádání křídla:
Arrangement of Wing:
jednoplošník monoplane
Uspořádání letounu:
Aircraft Concept:
klasické conventional
zatahovací retractable
Přistávací zařízení:
Landing Gear:
kola wheels
Technické údaje:
Technical Data:
Hmotnost prázdného letounu:
Empty Weight:
59000 kg 130073 lb
Vzletová hmotnost:
Take-off Weight:
? kg ? lb
Maximální vzletová hmotnost:
Maximum Take-off Weight:
110750 kg 244162 lb
41,8 m 137ft 1,67in
46,14 m 151ft 4,53in
13,88 m 45ft 6,46in
Plocha křídla:
Wing Area:
184,17 m2 1982.39 ft2
Plošné zatížení:
Wing Loading:
? kg/m2 ? lb/ft2
dvouproudový turbofan
Počet motorů:
Number of Engines:
PS-90A PS-90A
Objem palivových nádrží:
Fuel Tank Capacity:
35,71 t 35,71 t
Maximální rychlost:
Maximum Speed:
850 km/h v 0 m 528.2 mph in 0 ft
Cestovní rychlost:
Cruise Speed:
810 km/h v 0 m 503.3 mph in 0 ft
Rychlost stoupání:
Climb Rate:
? m/s ? ft/min
Čas výstupu na výšku:
Time to Climb to:
? min do ? m ? min to ? ft
Operační dostup:
Service Ceiling:
12100 m 39698 ft
4340 km 2696.8 mi
Maximální dolet:
Maximum Range:
6890 km 4281.2 mi
– fotokamery
– TV kamery
– IR kamery
– radiolokátor s bočním vyzařováním
– ON = otevřeneé nebe (Открытое небо)
– photocameras
– TV cameras
– IR cameras
– radar with side radiation
– ON = open sky (in Russian language Открытое небо)
Uživatelské státy:
User States:
Nahrazuje dnes zastaralé Tu-154 a An-30B Replace today obsolete Tu-154 and An-30B
Webové stránky OAO Tupolev – http://www.tupolev.ru/spetsialnaya_aviatsiya
Ugolok něba – http://www.airwar.ru/enc/spy/tu214on.html

Specification valka.cz

Main material source airforce-technology.com

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Main image by Vladislav Perminov

Updated May 03, 2021

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