Daily Archives: December 30, 2015

Russian PAK FA to be Equipped With Futuristic Photonic Radar

14:41 30.12.2015 (updated 16:30 30.12.2015)


Russia’s fifth-generation fighter PAK FA (T-50) may be equipped with an advanced radar which is currently being developed by a Russian corporation.

The radar will be based on Radio-Optical Phased Arrays (ROFAR), explained the adviser of the first deputy general director of concern Radio-Electronic Technology (KRET) Vladimir Mikheev.

KRET is a part of Russia’s Rostec corporation, it developed the electronic systems for the aircraft.

The future radar will be based on the photonic technology that greatly expands the possibilities of communication and radar as their weight will be decreased by more than half and the resolution will increase tenfold.

The ultra-wideband ROFAR signal allows one to virtually get a TV picture on a radar range. Radio photonic technology, in particular, will enhance the capabilities of the latest generation of Russian airplanes and helicopters.

“After our work on ROFAR, a list of aircrafts both manned and unmanned will be presented with an offer to be equipped with the radar based on radio-optical phased arrays. I think that the PAK FA will also be on this list and there will be specific proposals given to it,” Mikheyev told reporters, adding that the final decision will be taken by the Department of Defense.

The developer of ROFAR, KRET has established a laboratory on radio photonics. The concern has already started to perform laboratory tests to create ROFAR. Designed to be finished in 4.5 years, the project remains on schedule, which was agreed on with the Foundation for Advanced Studies.

As was earlier reported by the Deputy CEO of KRET, Igor Nasenkov, the company intends to establish a full-scale sample of the future radar by 2018.

“The PAK FA is a fifth-generation aircraft, with a number of brand-new technologies used in its development. It is a 100 percent digital aircraft. It can provide full information support to the pilot. The aircraft is equipped with versatile antenna systems built in its covering,” Nasenkov said during the Dubai Airshow 2015.


Read original article: Russian PAK FA to be Equipped With Futuristic Photonic 


KRET creates a laboratory for research in Photonics

The group has been developing radar and EW systems based on new technologies

In recent years, electronic systems all often replaced on the photon. Linked it in the first turn with a different physical nature of the photon. That same is a photon and what unique capabilities of military technology will provide a new direction – believe that radio Photonics?

Fast electrons

Photonics is essentially analogous to electronics, but it uses in place of electrons the electromagnetic field of photons. Photons are more common in terms of the number of particles in the universe and, unlike electrons, have no mass or charge. For this reason, photonic systems are not subject to external electromagnetic fields and have a much larger signal transmission range and bandwidth.

As an area of science, the study of photonics began in 1960 with the invention of the first important technical device using photons, the laser. The very same term “photonics” was used widely in the 1980s in connection with the beginning of widespread use of fiber-optic transmissions. Notably, in Russia the first development of such a fiber-optic cable was completed by Special Design Office of the Cable Industry, which is now part of KRET.

These developments revolutionized the telecommunications sector at the end of the last century and became the basis for the development of the internet. Generally, until 2001, the field of photonics was primarily focused on telecommunications.

Today, telecommunications photonics is helping to create a new trend – radio photonics arising from the merger of radio-wave optics, microwave, optoelectronics, and other branches of science and industry.

In other words, radio photonics deals with problems of transmission, reception, and transformation of information using electromagnetic waves of microwave and photonic devices and systems. These photons facilitate the creation of radio frequency parameters unattainable with conventional electronics.

A breakthrough in radio photons

As is well known, Russia is behind Western countries in terms of microelectronics. But now certain radio photonic technologies have started to beat the competition. Today, Russian scientists in the field of defense technology believe it is possible to give up on electrons and draw attention to the photons that have no mass and fly faster.

According to experts, the servers operating with photonics are a hundred times smaller compared to current models, and the speed of data transmission is tenfold greater.

Or, for example, take ground-based radar. Today, this radar is the size of a multi-story home, but using microwave photonics, the station can be installed on a standard KAMAZ truck. The effectiveness and range of the radar would be exactly the same, namely thousands of kilometers. Several of these mobile and small radar systems can be networked, which will only increase their characteristics.

Photonic technology has greatly expanded the capabilities of airborne radars too. New developments in this area have reduced the weight of existing antennas and radars by more than two times and have increased their resolution by ten times. Also radio photon antennas have a unique immunity to electromagnetic impulses that arise, such as nearby lightning strikes or during solar magnetic storms.

All of this will enable the creation of broadband radars that can facilitate a level of resolution and speed that can be called radar vision. Such systems will be used in the civilian sphere, for example, with high-speed trains that will instantly detect obstacles on the tracks.

Photonics can also be effectively used in housing, for example, in urban and township heating systems. Instead of hot water, photons will be distributed in photonic crystal fibers with the thickness of a human hair. Its energy is converted into heat with nearly 100% efficiency.

Laboratory of the future

In Russia, KRET is developing radio photonic technology. Today, the concern and the Foundation for Advanced Studies are working on a promising project called “Development of an active phased array based on radio photons.” The project includes the creation of a special laboratory at concern enterprises, as well as the development of universal technology that will serve as the foundation for next-generation radar and electronic warfare systems.

According to the KRET CEO Nikolai Kolesov, the latest technology will make it possible to create effective and advanced next-generation receiver-transmitters, radar systems, electronic intelligence and electronic countermeasures by 2020.

One of the main areas of work will be the creation of a next-generation active phased array antenna, whose basic elements will be created using the principles of radio photonics. This will reduce the weight of the apparatus 1.5-3 times, increase its reliability and efficiency up to 2-3 times, and raise the scanning speed and resolution dozens of times. source: kret.com

Some VERY important data points in the article:

1.) Electronics based on photonics will have decreased the need for ‘servers’ down to 1/100th the current level, and will increase the data transfer rate by 10 fold!

2.) When fully mature photonics will allow truck based radars to have the same power, resolution, and capability as massive OTH radars!

3.) KRET’s early work in radiophotonics (photonics based radars) are incredibly promising. Developments in the field while it’s in it’s infancy allows airborne radars (AEW while based on photonics) weight to be cut down 1/2 the current weight, and increased the resolution by 10 fold!

4.) Photonic based radars will have it’s ECM resistance grow by several orders of magnitude! Will be heavily resistant to electro-magnetic storms…

5.) By the 2020’s photonic based AESA radars will grow by leaps and bounds in capability. The weight of AESA radar will be cut down by 1.5 to 3 times, increase the reliability and efficiency by 2 to 3 times, and increase the scanning speed and resolution by several dozen times that of contemporary AESA radars!

6.) Photonics can also be effectively applied in housing, for example, in urban and rural heating systems. Instead of hot water energy photons will be used. They will be distributed in photonic crystal fibers with a thickness of human hair, the energy of which is converted into heat with almost 100% efficiency! Source: magnumcromagnon/russiadefence.net


Mi-8AMTSh/Mi-17 Assault transport helicopter

The Mi-8AMTSh is a dedicated armored assault version of the Mi-8AMT helicopter. Sometimes it is nicknamed the Terminator. Its armament is derived from Mi-24 gunship and carries some armor. It made its first flight in 1996. It was first publicly demonstrated in 1999. First helicopters were delivered to Russian Air Force in 2009. Estimated Russian military requirement is for about 200 new assault transport helicopters.

   Main role of this helicopter is to carry cargo and troops and support them with its firepower. It can also perform evacuation and combat search and rescue. It can soften-up enemy defenses before landing. This helicopter can engage enemy infantry, armored vehicles and even main battle tanks. Also it has secondary air-to-air capability against low-flying aircraft, helicopters, and UAVs.

   This helicopter can carry 4 000 kg of payload in its cargo compartment. Alternatively it can carry loads up to 4 000 kg externally.

The Mi-8AMTSh can carry 36 troops. There are two trainable 7.62-mm machine guns hidden behind doors and operated by the passengers. Cargo area can be easily transformed for medical evacuation role. In this role helicopter can carry 12 stretchers and one medical attendant.

7.62-mm machine gun door guns

   Two stub-wings have a total of 12 hardpoints for various types of weapons. It can carry various types of guided missiles, unguided rockets podded cannons and machine guns. This helicopter can carry Shturm-V (AT-6) or Ataka-V (AT-9) anti-tank missiles. Also it can carry Igla-V (SA-18) air-to-air missiles.

Gondala Universalnaya Vertolotnaya 8700 (GUV-8700)

The Gondala Universalnaya Vertolotnaya 8700 (GUV-8700) and ‘a gun-pod developed in the seventies by  Spetztekhnika Vympel NPO for use aboard Hind helicopters (Mi-24/35), Hip (Mi-8/17) and Hormone (Ka-25).The GUV-8700 looks like a big cigar-box, about three meters long, the all-metal construction and the ends’ rounded.  (Translated by Google)

Yak-B 12.7 – 9A624K and Gryazev -Shipunov GShG four rods 7.62

There are 3 machine guns the middle is the Yak-B 12.7 – 9A624K and 9A624 aviation heavy machine guns 4000 and 5000 rounds per minute and the 2 on each side are the Gryazev -Shipunov GShG four rods 7.62 5000 and 6000 rounds per minute.   (Translated by Google)

GShG four rods 7.62 

GShG four rods 7.62 Both are rotating barrels Gatling type Soviet that, working either gas, require no external power supply. The firing rate overall (theoretical) of three machine guns may ‘vary, therefore, from 14 to 17,000 c / min, but in practice is limited to 12,000 for issues related to the consumption of ammunition.  (Translated by Google)

Rocket pod

8115748306_5cbe2e4d49Rocket pod

S-5 (first designated ARS-57)

The S-5 (first designated ARS-57) is a rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force and used by military aircraft against ground area targets. It is in service with the Russian Air Force and various export customers. It is produced in a variety of subtypes with different warheads, including HEAT anti-armour (S-5K), high-explosive fragmentation (S-5M/MO), smoke, and incendiary rounds. Each rocket is about 1.4 meters (4 ft 6 in) long and weighs about 5 kg (11 lb), depending on warhead and fuze. Range is 3 to 4 kilometres (1.9 to 2.6 miles).

9K114 Shturm

9K114 Shturm (Russian: 9К114 «Штурм»- “shturm” means storm (assault) in English) is a SACLOS radio guided anti-tank missile system of the Soviet Union. Its GRAU designation is 9K114. Its NATO reporting name is AT-6 Spiral. The missile itself is known as the (Cocoon). The missile is transported and launched from a glass-reinforced plastic tube. The missile uses a Soyuz NPO solid-rocket sustainer, with a small booster stage to launch the missile from its tube. The missile is SACLOS with a radio command link. The use of a radio link allows the missile to travel much faster and further than if it were wire guided. The radio link is a VHF system with five frequency bands and two codes to minimize the risk of jamming. The system comprises a KPS-53AV 8x daylight-only direct vision sight with an integrated laser rangefinder. After the missile is launched, the gunner has to keep the sight’s crosshairs on the target until impact. Appropriate steering commands are transmitted to the missile via the radio link.

 9M120 Ataka 

The 9M120 Ataka (Russian: Атака; Attack) is an anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) originating from the Soviet Union. TheNATO reporting name of the 9M120 missile is the AT-9 Spiral-2. It is the next major generation in the 9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral) family. The missile has radio command guidance and is also a Beam riding SACLOS. This missile’s primary variant was designed to defeat tanks with composite armour and explosive reactive armor. The 9M120 Ataka system is often confused with the 9K121 Vikhr system, despite being different weapons systems developed by different companies. The AT-9 is more resistant to electronic countermeasures, and has a greater hit accuracy and longer reach. The newly developed warhead allows for increased penetration power and effectiveness against explosive reactive armor. The Ataka missile is stored in a glass reinforced plastic tube, which also acts as its launcher. The missile is reported to be considerably faster than the AT-6 Spiral, with longer range than the original version. It still uses radio command guidance, but the system has been improved when compared to the earlier 9K114 Shturm.

9K38 Igla 

The 9K38 Igla (Russian: Игла́, “needle”) is a Russian/Soviet man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile (SAM). “9K38” is the Russian GRAU designation of the system. Its US DoD designation is SA-18 and its NATO reporting name isGrouse; a simplified, earlier version is known as the 9K310 Igla-1, or SA-16 Gimlet. The latest variant is the 9K338 Igla-SNATO reporting name SA-24 Grinch. It has been fielded by the Russian Army since 2004. The seeker has two detectors – a cooled MWIR InSb detector for detection of the target and uncooled PbS SWIR detector for detection of IR decoys (flares). The built-in logic determines whether the detected object is a target or a decoy. The latest version (Igla-S) is reported to have additional detectors around the main seeker to provide further resistance against pulsed IRCM devices commonly used on helicopters.

   This helicopter has a crew of three. One of them is a gunner and aims various weapons. A sighting system is located under the nose.

2 xTV3-117VM turboshafts

2 xTV3-117VM turboshafts

This assault transport helicopter is fitted with updated and more powerful engines. It also has new structurally improved rotor blades.


   Comparing with the earlier Mi-8 series helicopters the Mi-8AMTSh has improved avionics and modernized electronic core. It can operate at night and in all weather conditions. It is equipped with GPS and Russian GLONASS satellite navigation systems. It is also fitted with weather radar.


   Mi-8AMTSh-1 assault transport helicopter with VIP interior. It retains its weapons;

   Mi-171Sh Terminator is an export model. It is in service with Bangladesh, Ghana and Nigerian. This helicopter has been ordered by Croatia, Czech Republic, Kenya, Peru and possibly some other countries. It is worth noting that the Mi-8 series helicopters are popular due to their good value for money. Countries with limited military funding use such machines instead of dedicated attack helicopters. Also the Mi-8/Mi-17 helicopters are easy to maintain.

Main characteristics

Max takeoff weight, kg 13000
Normal takeoff weight, kg 11100
Max payload weight, kg 4000
Max speed, km/h 250*
Cruising speed, km/h 220-230*
Range, km:

with main fuel tanks

with two internal additional fuel tanks



Service ceiling, m 6000*

TV3-117VM or TV3-117VM Ser. 02:

number × takeoff power, hp

OGE hover ceiling, m

2 × 2200



number × takeoff power, hp

OGE hover ceiling, m

2 × 2400


Crew 3
Paratroopers carried in cargo cabin 36

Technical data roe.ru

Source: military-today.com/wiki/from the net

Updated May 03, 2017