Daily Archives: December 24, 2015

Russia delivers S-300 missile system to Kazakhstan free of charge

By Ryan Maass   |   Dec. 23, 2015 at 2:01 PM

The S-300 surface-to-air missile systems were first developed by the Soviet Union to defend against enemy aircraft and incoming threats. Photo by Kremlin.ru

WASHINGTON, Dec. 23 (UPI) — The Russian government has completed the free delivery of its S-300 air defense system to the government of Kazakhstan, according to Russian media reports.

The delivery supports the initiative between Moscow and Astana to construct and operate a common aerospace defense system. Russian defense officials say they delivered the missile system free of charge because it is the country’s main contribution to the integrated air defense system.

“We have completed the project on free of charge S-300 air defense system deliveries to Kazakhstan,” Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said during a meeting according to Sputnik International.

Russian state-owned media outlet Tass reports the Commonwealth of Independent States, a loose alliance of former Soviet states including Kazakhstan, has plans to further develop its joint air defense system.

“We have approved for 2016 a plan of work of the Defense Ministers’ Council of the CIS countries and a plan of common steps on the joint air defense system,” Shoigu added.

The S-300 missile defense system was developed by the Soviet Union and now used by the Russian government and other armed forces around the world as a surface-to-air defense system against airborne threats.

Moscow has also agreed to deliver S-300 missiles to Iran by the end of 2016.

Copyright © 2015 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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Russia-Military-Alliance-Map

S-300VM Antey-2500 SA-23 Gladiator: Details

Builder of US Navy’s new class aircraft carrier looks towards lead ship’s upcoming trials

 

Sea Platforms

Builder of US Navy’s new class aircraft carrier looks towards lead ship’s upcoming trials

22 December 2015

Sea trials for the US Navy’s (USN’s) lead Ford-class nuclear-powered aircraft carrier are expected to commence in the second quarter of 2016, Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) officials told IHS Jane’s .

Gerald R Ford (CVN 78) is 96% complete at HII’s Newport News Shipbuilding division in Virginia where the new carrier is being finished ahead of the trials. More than 2,300 compartments out of 2,607 have been turned over to the USN, said Rolf Bartschi, vice-president of CVN 78 construction.

A test programme on critical shipboard systems is in progress, including the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS), Advanced Arresting Gear (AAG), and dual band radar (DBR), Bartschi said.

Copyright © 2015 IHS. All rights reserved.

Original post janes.com

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USS-Gerald-Ford-aircraft-carrier-7

Beriev A-50/A-100 Airborne Early Warning and Control Aircraft (AEW&C), Russia

The A-50 airborne early warning and control aircraft (AEW&C) was developed and manufactured by the Beriev Aircraft Research and Engineering Complex Joint Stock Company based at Taganrog in the Rostov Region of Russia. The A-50 aircraft was developed from the llyushin IL-76MD military transport aircraft manufactured by the Ilyushin Aviation Complex Joint Stock Company based in Moscow.

Ilyushin IL-76MD-90A (IL-476): Details

Ilyushin IL-76MD-90A (IL-476)

The aircraft is known in the West by the Nato codename Mainstay. Beriev aircraft normally carry the Russian designation Be- followed by the number, however, the A-50 aircraft retained the well-known A-designation which Beriev allocated to the original prototype.

The A-50 aircraft detects and identifies airborne objects, determines their coordinates and flight path data and transfers the information to command posts. The A-50 also acts as a control centre, guiding fighter-interceptors and tactical air force aircraft to combat areas in order to attack ground targets at low altitudes. The role of the A-50 is comparable to that of the US’s E-3 AEW system developed by Boeing.

Versions

- A-50 Mainstay A  : Basic version studied since the 1970s, put into service in 1984 and officially accepted for service in 1989.

- A-50M  : modernization program started in 1984 and which would have been abandoned in 1990, before the realization of a prototype, for lack of funds.

- A-50U Mainstay B  : Modernized version revealed in 1995 and whose development would have started in the late 1980s. The exact scope of this program is unknown in terms of added or modernized systems. At least 7 A-50 Russian have been upgraded to this standard.

- A new A-50U modernization programwas launched in 2006. This program is sometimes referred to as A-50U too, leaving confusion with the more limited program mentioned above. The new A-50U is lighter thanks to a new avionics. This makes it possible, at mass equal to the take-off, to increase the fuel consumption and therefore the radius of action and / or the patrol time on the zone. The new avionics incorporates a satellite navigation system while operators have new consoles and new screens (LCD instead of old cathodic). Radar and mission system performance “Shmel” is also enhanced to track up to 150 targets 600 km away, detecting low-radar aircraft or ships. The comfort of the crew was not forgotten with a new rest room and toilets. The life of the device would have been extended by 20 years. The tests of this new version began in September 2008 and would have been completed on November 26, 2009 according to the manufacturer Beriev. The first modernized A50U was returned to 2457th Ivanovo-Severnyi Air Base on October 31, 2011 for state testing before entering service in January 2012. A second modernized A-50U was delivered in late 2012. Beriev hopes to obtain a new contract to upgrade other devices in the following years (1 per year?).

- A-100  : Beriev was entrusted in 2010 with the development of a new radar aircraft that is more efficient than the Russian A-50s and the Indian A-50EhIs: the A-100 will have a new phase antenna radar active designed by Vega. It would be based on the future Il-476 transport aircraft (modernized version of the Il-76MD) but the prototype would currently be realized by converting an A-50 while waiting for the arrival of the Il-476. The first flight of the prototype is expected in 2013 at best. The A-100 series could come into service in 2015. The possibility of installing this system on an An-148 would also have been studied. Source red-stars.org

A-50 Mainstay programme and development

The A-50 entered service with the Russian Air Force in 1984. Currently, 16 aircraft are operational in the Russian Air Force. The upgraded version, the A-50U was first announced in 1995 but did not enter testing until 2008. It then entered service in 2011. The upgraded A-50Us have extended the aircraft’s the service life to 2020.

A-50U airborne radar warning and guidance system

96da72f613a4d9cd2d0cc9a47c87bb19A-50U airborne radar warning and guidance system

The modernised A-50 aircraft can now take more fuel on board with the same take-off weight, while increasing the range and mission time performance. A satellite navigation system integrated into flight and navigation complex offers a dramatic increase in the navigational accuracy.

Mainstay AEW&C radar system

russian-a-50-mainstay-airborne-warning-and-control-system-awacs-export-china-india-aesa-pesa-7 A-50U airborne radar warning and guidance system

The A-50U airborne radar warning and guidance system is the Schnel-M produced by Vega. It comprises:

  • radar station
  • data reduction system
  • interrogator-responder and signal transmission system
  • digital computer complex
  • identification friend or foe (IFF) equipment
  • command radio link to guide fighters
  • encoding communication system
  • radio communication equipment
  • telemetry / code equipment
  • registering equipment.

The radar and guidance systems have the capacity to track 50 to 60 targets simultaneously and to guide ten to 12 fighter aircraft simultaneously

screenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.17-16-55-05Телеканал Звездаscreenshot-www.youtube.com-2018.07.17-16-57-36Телеканал Звездаscreenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.09.01-20-26-33Телеканал Звездаscreenshot-thaimilitaryandasianregion.wordpress.com-2018.09.01-20-27-05Телеканал Звезда

Development work on the A-50U began some years ago and State Tests started on September 10, 2008, using Russian Air Force A-50 ’37 Red’ as a prototype. The main element of the modernisation involves replacing the outdated analogue equipment with a new, digital avionics suite supplied by Russia’s Vega Radio Engineering Corporation JSC. Notable improvements include faster data processing, enhanced signal tracking, and improved target detection. Crew rest, toilet and galley facilities are also included in the upgrade.

Beriev_A-50U

Russian Air Force A-50 ’37 Red’ prototype

These upgrades form the basis of the concept for Beriev A-100 AEW&C. Configuration will be similar to the A-50U, but with a new VegaPremier active electronically scanned array radar.

Beriev A-100

DATF8XYXsAA2BIHA-100 Premier flying lab(LL) 52 red – RussianDefence.com

The Beriev A-100 is a Russian-built airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft based on the Il-76MD-90A (Il-476) transport aircraft. This aircraft is developed to replace the Beriev A-50 “Mainstay” in Russian Air Force service. Avionics and configuration will be similar to the A-50U, but with a new Vega Premier Active Phased Array Radar.

Design and development

The A-100 is designated as the izdeliye PM, a project meant to develop a replacement for the A-50 AWACS aircraft. The aircraft is based on the improved Il-476, which has new PS-90A-76 turbofans that are 15% more powerful than the D-30KP used by the Il-76. The external shape of the A-100 will be similar to the A-50, with the main radar array housed in a rotating dome mounted on two struts above the fuselage. The new Vega Premier AESA radar in the dome will have electronic steering in elevation while azimuth is control by the rotation of the dome. The array will rotate once every 5 seconds, thus improving the radar’s ability to track fast moving targets.

Vega Premier AESA radar

Vega Premier AESA radar

Scale model of Russia’s future A-100 AWACS aircraft spotted at Army 2016 exhibition

wp_20160907_10_08_21_pro.jpg

Pictures of what could be the future A-100 “Premier” AWACS aircraft have been released on the specialized russian website Missiles2Go.ru. A scale-model of the aircraft has been unveiled by the Russian aircraft manufacturer Beriev during Army 2016 exhibition, being held this week in the Moscow region.  Source worlddefencenews.blogspot.com

%ce%b1_100aewacWe are expecting to receive the A-100 AWACS on the Ilyushin Il-476 platform powered by the PS-90 engine for extended flight range – Image: redstar.grImage: redstar.gr
DESIGNER
OKB Illyshin / OKB Beriev
COUNTRY
Russia
TYPE
AEW&C
CREW
2-3
POWER PLANT
Four bypass engine, PS-90 A
Thrust, kg
4 x 16.000
DIMENSIONS
Length, m
47,59
Height, m
14,80
Wing span, m
50,50
Wing area, m2
300,00
Diametr antenna, m
~10,20
WEIGHT
Maximum take-off, kg
180.000
Normal take-off, kg
170.000
PERFORMANCE
Maximum speed, km/h
800
Cruising speed, km/h
750
Service ceiling, m
12.000
Range, km
+7.500

Beriev A-100 specification redstar.gr

Russian AEW aircraft A-100 made its first flight: Here

A-100 AWACs – Image: UAC

Excerpt

“18 November 2017 the first flight of a multifunctional aviation complex radar surveillance and targeting A-100”, – said in concern.

As explained in the “VEGA” during the first flight “was proven aerodynamic characteristics of the aircraft, the performance of the avionics and parts of the target instrument RTK [radio system]”.

Video of A-100LL takeoff from Taganrog Beriev Aircraft Scientific and Technical Complex (TANTK) runway

Video of A-100LL takeoff from Taganrog Beriev Aircraft Scientific and Technical Complex (TANTK) runway. ©TV Zvezda

Russian AWACS A-100 Premier flying lab (LL) 52 red w rotodome missing 2017

Russian AWACS A-100 Premier flying lab (LL) 52 red w rotodome missing 2017©Maxo Davion. Source: RussianDefence.com

Serial deliveries of the “flying radar” A-100 will begin in 2020: Here

Excerpt

The serial deliveries of the multifunctional aviation complex of the radar surveillance and guidance A-100 will begin in 2020. This was announced on Wednesday by Russian Defense Minister General of the Army Sergei Shoigu at the conference call.

RA-76453-undergoing overhaul & modernisation

2nd Ilyushin-976 RA-76452 – range control & missile tracking aircraft that is undergoing overhaul & modernisation

Ilyushin-976(RA-76455) range control & missile tracking aircraft at Gromov FR Institute,Zhukovsky on 12.09.17. Modernised but not repainted

Modernized Ilyushin-976(RA-76455) prior to take off at Zhukovsky on 12.09.17 – Video

Countermeasures

The A-50 is fitted with a self-defence system when flying en-route and over patrol zones. The self-defence system ensures protection from guided and unguided weapons of the enemy’s fighters attacking the aircraft from its front and rear hemispheres. The self-defence system includes an electronic countermeasures system.

The aircraft can also be protected from the enemy’s fighter aircraft via guidance of friendly fighters.

The aircraft radio and electronics systems are robust against hostile jamming and provide good combat performance in dense electronic countermeasures environments.

General data:
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Generic ESM [Average] – ESM
Role: ELINT
Max Range: 926 km

Source cmano-db.com

Flight control and navigation

The aircraft is fitted with the NPK-T flight control and navigation system used to ensure air navigation during all flight stages in all-weather day and night and all-year operations performed at all geographical latitudes. The system also provides flight control and navigation data intended for mission specific systems and equipment.

A-100 cockpit

Performance

russian-a-50-mainstay-airborne-warning-and-control-system-awacs-export-china-india-aesa-pesa-9

The A-50 carries out patrol missions at an altitude of 5,000m to 10,000m. The patrol service ceiling is 10km. The maximum flight range of the aircraft is 5,000km and the flight endurance is seven hours 40 minutes. At a range of 2,000km, the A-50 can remain on patrol for up to one hour 25 minutes.

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 648.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
Shmel-2 – Radar
Role: Radar, Air & Surface Search, 3D Long-Range
Max Range: 648.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Russia Claims New Beriev A-100 AWACS can Detect US F-22 and F-35 Stealth Fighters: Here

Excerpt

The Russian Air Force (VVS) will rely heavily on its new Beriev A-100 “Premier” airborne early warning and control (AWACS) aircraft to detect stealthy enemy aircraft such as the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning II.

First flown in October 2016, the Beriev 100 carries the new Vega Premier AESA radar in a rotating radome. The array rotates once every five seconds, improving the radar’s ability to track fast moving targets such as enemy jets.

The Beriev 100, which is based on the Il-76MD-90A (Il-476) transport aircraft, remains under development, however. The A-100  was first tested in flight on a flying laboratory last month.

The aircraft is manned by five flight crew and ten mission crew. The maximum take-off weight of the aircraft is 170,000kg. It can travel at a maximum speed of 800km/h.

Variants

  • A-50M – Modernized Russian Version fitted with mid-air refueling capability.
  • A-50U – updated Russian variant
  • Izdeliye-676 – One-off stop-gap telemetry and tracking aircraft.
  • Izdeliye-776 – One-off stop-gap telemetry and tracking aircraft.
  • Izdeliye-976 (SKIP) – (СКИП – Самолетный Контрольно-Измерительный Пункт, Airborne Check-Measure-and-Control Center) – Il-76 based Range Control and Missile tracking platform. Initially built to support Raduga Kh-55 cruise missile tests. Has fixed radar cover filled with other equipment and glassed navigator cockpit, (One prototype and five production conversions).

Izdeliye-976 (SKIP)

il976001-8Izdeliye-976 (SKIP) – englishrussia.com
  • Izdeliye-1076 – One-off special mission aircraft with unknown duties.
  • A-50I – variant with an Israeli radar, designed for China but project cancelled under pressure of United States
  • A-50E/I – With Aviadvigatel PS-90 A-76 engines, with Israeli EL/W-2090 radar made for the Indian Air Force

A-50E/I Indian Air Force

kw-3552-indian-air-force-beriev-a50-ei_PlanespottersNet_103147A-50E/I Indian Air Force

General

The ELW-2090 is lAI-ELTA’s third generation of Airborne Early Warning & Control (AEW&C) systems, installed on an IL-76 heavy military transport aircraft.
The ELW-2090 excels in wide area persistent air and ground surveillance.
The ELW-2090 employs a powerful command, control & communication system to integrate the data of the onboard sensors; radar, IFF, ESM/ELINT, CSM/COMINT with multiple broadband datalinks.
The ELW-2090 features an airborne command & control and network centric warfare operations post.

Features:

  • IL-76 Aircraft
    Long range, large cabin, 4-engine turbojet air-lifter. Extensive cabin space for the operator crew and a comfortable crew rest area for long endurance missions.
    Air-refueled for extending mission endurance.
  • Radar
    Active Electronic Steering Array (AESA), L-Band radar with 360° coverage. Accurate 3-D tracks, low false alarm rate, flexible revisit time, ECCM and programmable search and track regimes.
  • IFF
    Active Electronic Steering Array (AESA) embedded in the radar array, 360° coverage, long range, high accuracy.
  • ESM/ELINT & CSM/COMINT
    Sophisticated signal intelligence capabilities, high probability of signal interception and high bearing accuracy.
  • Self-Protection Suite
    360° coverage of passive radar warning receiver and active missile approach warning system. Programmable chaff & flares countermeasures.
  • Operator stations
    11 flexible, interchangeable multipurpose, 24″ Windows-based workstations, efficient control of all sensors, comprehensive Command & Control capabilities.
  • Communication Suite
    Interoperability with Air Force, Navy and Ground Forces. HF and V/UHF Radios, SATCOM, VOIP, Secure Voice, Integrated Intercom and Secure LOS datalink.

Source iai.co.il

iai.co.il

Phalcon AEWR

General data:
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 648.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.4 km Generation: Early 2000s
Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Non-Coperative Target Recognition (NCTR) – Jet Engine Modulation [Class Info], Track While Scan (TWS), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)
Sensors / EW:
Phalcon AEWR – Radar
Role: Radar, Air & Surface Search, 3D Long-Range
Max Range: 648.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Aviadvigatel PS-90 A-76 engine

A-50E/I with Aviadvigatel PS-90 A-76 engines Indian Air Force – T24

The PS-90A-76 aero engine (PS – Pavel Soloviev) is a modification of the PS-90A turbofan. It extends service life of the large fleet of the IL-76 transport airplanes and raises their efficiency by installation of the PS-90A-76 engine instead of the D-30KP.

It is a high-bypass-ratio, two-shaft turbofan, with mixed flow and a thrust reverser in a fan duct and noise absorbing system.

The aero engine is intended to power IL-76 cargo aircraft and its modifications.

The engine was certified in 2003.

In 2004 Perm Engine Company launched the serial production of the engine.

PS-90A-76 engines are currently in service at  three (3) Airlines.

PERFORMANCE

Thrust, kg:
-take-off: TH< +30°C , PH > 730 mm Hg, H=0
-cruise: Н=11 km, М=0.8
14500
3300
Specific fuel consumption (with real nozzle), kg/kgf hour 0.595
Flight altitude, m Up to 13100
Air temperature at sea level (for start and operation), ° С -47…+45
Airfield height (versus sea level), m Up to 3500
Engine length, mm 4964
Fan tip diameter, mm 1900
Dry weight, kg 2950
 Weight as delivered, kg  4 160

Advantages of the PS-90A-76 turbofan engine compared to D-30KP

  • Conformity of ecological parameters on emission and noise to ICAO  regulations
  • Increase of reliability and life
  • Improvement of efficiency
  • Availability of thrust augmentation up to 16000 kg

Source pmz.ru

24491885652_808f1d88bd_b.jpgImage: hiveminer.com

TA-12A APU

ta-12

TA12-60 is a single-shaft auxiliary gas-turbine engine with the equivalent power of 360 kWt. This engine is designed for aircraft and helicopter APUs. It is used for air turbine start of the helicopter and aircraft mid-flight engines, AC electric power of 115/200 V, power up to 60 kWA and providing air conditioning for cockpit and cabins.

High overall efficiency of the engine is based on the use of a 4-stage axial compressor. An annular reverse-flow combustion chamber of evaporative type provides 0,99 burning and low content of hydrocarbons in the exhaust gases. The engine contains a 3-stage axial turbine. Driving units, including alternator, are installed on the engine’s gearbox.

The noise level of the TA12-60 engine, when installed on the craft, does not exceed 90 dB.

The engine complies with the Norms of Aircraft Airworthiness (NLGS-3); this is confirmed by a type certificate No 101-VD issued by the Aviation Register of the IAC.

Since 2005 the TA 12-60 APU has been operated under the second strategy. The TA 12-60 APU is operated subject to the technical condition till the specified life time of the principle components is terminated (4,000 hr/starts).

The TA12-60 engine has been in serial production since 1996.

APPLICATION: Tu-204, Tu-214, Tu-334, Be-200, An-70, Yak-42.

Technical features:

Absorbed electric power of AC, kVA 60
Bleed air consumption, kgf 1,6
Bleed air pressure, kgf/sm2 4,9
Bleed air temperature, °С 250
Start and operation altitude, m 7000/9000
Environmental temperature, °С ± 60
Weight (without generator), kg 297
Specified number of operating hours/starts 2000/4000
Overall dimensions, mm 1588х682х718

Source aerosila.ru

Operators: Here

Specifications (A-50)

a-50_awacs_airborne_warning_control_aircraft_russia_russian_air_force_line_drawing_blueprint_001

General characteristics

  • Crew: 15
  • Length: 49.59m (152 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 50.50 m (165 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 14.76 m (48 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 300 m² (3,228 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 75,000 kg (165,347 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 170,000 kg (374,786 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Soloviev D-30 KP turbofan, 117,68 kN (26,500 lbf) each

Soloviev D-30 KP turbofan

4 × Soloviev D-30 KP turbofan, 117,68 kN (26,500 lbf) each

Specification

Engine D-30КU-154 D-30КU-2 D-30КP-2
Thrust at APR*, kgf  –
Take-off thrust, kgf 10 500 11 000 12 000
Specific fuel consumption at take-off, kg/(kgf∙hr) 0.498 0.498 0.510
Specific fuel consumption at cruise, kg/(kgf∙hr)** 0.715 0.685 0.705
Bypass ratio  2.50 2.31 2.24
Dimensions (L x D), m  5.698 x 1.560 5.698 x 1.560 5.448 x 1.560

* – automatic power reserve
** – (H=11 000 m, M=0.8)

Source npo-saturn.ru

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 900 km/h (559 mph)
  • Range: 6,400 km (3,977 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,371 ft)

Source: airforce-technology.com/wiki/from the net

Updated Nov 20, 2017