Russian Borei-class nuclear sub (Project 955/955A/955B)

Borei Class is a Russian fourth-generation nuclear-powered missile submarine. It is intended to eventually replace the ageing Delta III and Typhoon Class submarines and become an important deterrent of the Russian Navy. It is the first class of submarines developed by Russia since the soviet era.

Delta III Class submarine

Although the Soviets were pioneers in firing missiles from submarines, their early systems were short-ranged. The 34 units of the Yankee class, built between 1967 and 1974, were apparently based on stolen American plans for the Benjamin Franklin class. These provided the foundation for the follow-on Delta class, an enlarged development of the Yankee design. The first Deltas entered service in 1972, the original Delta I design being succeeded by the interim Delta II with 16 missiles rather than the original 12.

   These were followed from 1976 by the Project 667 BDR Kalmar class, better known to NATO as the Delta III. These had a larger and longer turtle-back abaft the sail. Fourteen Delta III class submarines were built at Severodvinsk.

The Delta III submarines housed R-29R submarine-launched ballistic missiles (NATO designation SS-N-18). It was the first Soviet sea-based multiple-warhead system. Though currently used version, the R-29RL has a single 450 kT warhead. These missiles have a range of 9 000 km and can reach all targets in China, Europe and the United States.

Development of the follow-on Project 667 BDRM Delfin class, known to West as the Delta IV, began in 1975. The first boat was commissioned in 1985. It is a further modification of the Delta III, with an increased diameter pressure hull and a longer bow section. Displacement has increased by 1 200 tons and it is 12 m longer.

The Delta III submarines which served in the Northern fleet formed a division and were based at Sayda and at Olyenya port. In the early 90s the ballistic missile submarines were transferred to Yagyelnaya. Pacific Fleet Delta IIIs were based on Kamchatka.

In 1990 Soviet Navy operated a total of 13 Delta III class submarines. By 2017 only 3 of these submarines remained in service with the Russian Navy. These boats are already exceeding their planned service lives. It is likely that in the near future all Delta III class boats will be decommissioned. Currently a number of new Borei class ballistic missile submarines are being built in Russia. Once in service these will replace the Delta III and Delta IV class boats. Source military-today.com

Delta III classDelta III Class submarines

Ships

“Severnoe mashinostroitel`noe predpriyatie”, Severodvinsk

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
K-424
№355
30.01.1974
11.02.1976
30.12.1976
laid down by Project 667BD
K-441
№366
7.05.1974
25.05.1976
31.10.1976
K-449
№367
19.07.1974
29.07.1976
26.12.1976
K-455
№368
16.10.1974
16.08.1976
30.12.1976
K-490
№372
6.03.1975
27.01.1977
30.09.1977
K-487
№373
9.06.1975
4.04.1977
27.12.1977
K-496
№392
23.09.1975
13.08.1977
30.12.1977
from 11.01.1999 – K-496 Borisoglebsk
K-506
№393
29.12.1975
26.01.1978
30.11.1978
from 15.09.1998 – K-506 Zelenograd
K-211
№394
19.08.1976
13.01.1979
28.09.1979
from 15.09.1998 – K-211 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
K-223
№395
19.02.1977
30.04.1979
27.11.1979
from 18.07.1998 – K-223 Podol`sk
K-180
№396
27.12.1977
8.01.1980
25.09.1980
K-433
№397
24.08.1978
20.06.1980
15.12.1980
from 15.09.1998 – K-433 Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosetc
K-129
№398
9.04.1979
15.04.1981
5.11.1981
from 22.03.1996 – KS-129, after that – BS-136, from 2004? – BS-136 Orenburg
K-44
№376
31.01.1980
19.01.1982
17.09.1982
from 10.02.1998 – K-44 Ryazan`

General characteristics – Project 667BDR

Displacement (tons):
Surfaced: 10600
Submerged: 13700
Dimensions (m):
Length: 157
Beam: 11,87(max – 19)
Draught: 8,7
Speed (knots):
Surfaced: 14
Submerged: 24
Range: Unlimited
Diving depth (m):
Operational: 320
Maximum: 400
Endurance (days): 80
Propulsion: 2×90 MW OK-700A nuclear reactors, 2×20000 hp GTZA-635, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2×306 hp PG-153 electric motors, 2×3000 kW OK-2A turbine-type generators, 2×460 kW diesel-generators
Armament: D-9R missile complex (16 R-29R ballistic missiles launchers (3M40)) or D-9RK (16 R-29RK ballistic missiles launchers)
4 533 mm bow torpedo tubes (16 SET-65, SAET-60M, 53-65K, 53-65M torpedoes, URPK-6 «Vodopad-PL» (83R, 84R anti-submarine guided missiles))
2 400 mm bow torpedo tubes (6 SET-72 torpedoes, MG-44 «Korund-1» torpedo decoy)
«Strela-2M» SAM system (9M32M missiles)
Electronics: MRK-50 «Kaskad» radar complex, MRP-10M «Zaliv-P» ESM Radar system, «Zavesa-P», MGK-400 «Rubikon» sonar complex (K-424 – MGK-100 «Kerch»), MG-518 «Sever», «Almaz-BDR» combat information control system, «Tobol-M-1» navigation complex (on some submarines – «Tobol-M-2»), «Molniya-M» communications complex
Complement: 130 (40 officers)

Source russianships.info

Typhoon Class submarine

RFS Dmitry Donskoy TK-208 Russian Submarine Ship 1

The Project 941 or Akula, Russian “Акула” (“Shark”) class submarine (NATO reporting name: Typhoon) is a type of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. With a submerged displacement of 48,000 tonnes, the Typhoons are the largest class of submarine ever built, large enough to accommodate decent living facilities for the crew when submerged for months on end. The source of the NATO reporting name remains unclear, although it is often claimed to be related to the use of the word “typhoon” (“тайфун”) by Leonid Brezhnev in a 1974 speech while describing a new type of nuclear ballistic missile submarine, as a reaction to the US Navy Ohio-class submarines.

The Russian Navy canceled its Typhoon modernization program in March 2012, stating that modernizing one Typhoon would be as expensive as building two new Borei-class submarines. With the announcement that Russia has eliminated the last SS-N-20 Sturgeon SLBMs in September 2012, the remaining Typhoons have reached the end of service. Source wikipedia.org

hisutton.com

Ships

“Severnoe mashinostroitel`noe predpriyatie”, Severodvinsk

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
TK-208
№711
30.06.1976
27.09.1980
29.12.1981
from 7.10.2000 – TK-208 Dmitriy Donskoy
TK-202
№712
22.04.1978
23.09.1982
28.12.1983
TK-12
№713
19.04.1980
17.12.1983
26.12.1984
TK-13
№724
23.02.1982
30.04.1985
26.12.1985
TK-17
№725
9.08.1983
12.12.1986
15.12.1987
from 18.11.2002 – TK-17 Arkhangel`sk
TK-20
№727
27.08.1985
11.04.1989
19.12.1989
from 20.06.2000 – TK-20 Severstal`
TK-210
№728
1986
not completed, to scrap in 1990

General characteristics – Project 941

Displacement (tons):
Surfaced: 23200
Submerged: 30460
Dimensions (m):
Length: 170 (TK-17 – 172,6, TK-20 – 173,1)
Beam: 23,3
Draught: 11,5
Speed (knots):
Surfaced: 13
Submerged: 27
Range: Unlimited
Diving depth (m):
Operational: 380
Maximum: 500
Endurance (days): 120
Propulsion: 2×190 MW OK-650 nuclear reactors, 2×50000 hp GTZA, 2 fixed pitch propellers in nozzles, 2×260 hp electric motors, 4 thrusters, 4×3200 kW turbine-type generators, 2×800 kW diesel-generators
Armament: D-19 ballistic missiles complex (20 R-39 ballistic missiles launchers (3M65))
9K310 «Igla-1» SAM launcher (48 9М313 missiles)
6 533 mm bow torpedo tubes (22 SET-65, SAET-60M, 53-65K, USET-80, VA-111 “Shkval” torpedoes, RPK-2 “Vyuga” (81R anti-submarine guided missiles), URPK-6 “Vodopad-PL” (83R, 84R anti-submarine guided missiles), MG-74 «Korund-2»)
Electronics: MRKP-58 “Radian” radar complex or MRKP-59 “Radian-U”, MRP-21A reconnaissance radar, MGK-540 “Skat-3” sonar complex (sonar MGK-500 “Skat-KS”, MG-519 “Arfa” mine detection sonar, MG-512 “Vint” own-submarine cavitation detector, MG-553 “Shkert”, MG-518 “Sever”), “Omnibus” combat information control system, MVU-132 “Simfoniya” navigation complex, “Tobol-941” navigation complex, “Molniya-L1” communications complex
Complement: 163 (52 officers)

Source russianships.info

Designated Project 935, it began in 1996 to manufacture the first unit of the Borei Class submarine. The project name was changed to Project 955 and the submarine was redesigned to accommodate the new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) Bulava (SS-NX-30), in place of the abandoned R-39UTTH Bark missile.Typhoon class data wikiwand.com

Project 935

93504 Project 935

Project 955

shemaProject 955

Project 955A

Project 955A Top image

hisutton.com

Currently Yury Dolgoruky, Alexander Nevsky, Vladimir Monomakh and Knyaz Vladimir are the four submarines ordered under this project. These vessels were designed by Rubin Marine Equipment Design Bureau and built by Northern Machine Building Enterprise (Sevmash shipyard).

Russia has plans to build eight Borei Class submarines for its naval fleet by 2015.

Borey-B-class

Development of the Yury Dolgoruky vessel

The first in the class of the submarines is the Yury Dolgoruky vessel. The total cost of the submarine is $713m, including the research and development expenditure of $280m.

Project 955A, the higher version of Project 955, might build the Vladimir Monomakh and other follow-up submarines. This programme would have various improvements and would have a different hull shape.

Construction of the Borei Class submarines

The first submarine, Yury Dolgoruky, was laid down in November 1996. She was launched in February 2008 and began her sea trials in June 2009. The ship was formally inducted into the Russian Navy in January 2013.

Alexander Nevsky (K-550), the second submarine, was laid down in March 2004 and launched in December 2010. The ship is expected to be commissioned in 2013, after completing a series of sea trials that started in October 2011.

Alexander Nevsky (K-550)

Vladimir Monomakh is the third Borei Class submarine. She was laid down in March 2006 and launched in December 2012. The fourth Borei Class ship, Knyaz Vladimir, was laid down in July 2012.

Ships

Project 955 – JSCo «PO «Sevmash», Severodvinsk – 3 units

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
K-535 Sankt-Peterburg
№201
2.11.1996
12.02.2008
29.12.2012
from 1.05.1996 – K-535 Yury Dolgorukiy
K-550 Alexandr Nevskiy
№202
19.03.2004
12.2010
23.12.2013
K-551 Vladimir Monomakh
№203
19.03.2006
30.12.2012
10.12.2014

Project 955A – JSCo «PO «Sevmash», Severodvinsk – 0+5 units

Name
Yard №
Laid Down
Launched
Commissioned
Note
Knyaz Vladimir
№204
30.07.2012
plan 08.2017
plan 2018
under construction
Knyaz Oleg
№205
27.07.2014
plan 12.2018
plan 12.2019
under construction
Generallisimus Suvorov
№206
26.12.2014
plan 12.2018
plan 12.2020
under construction
Imperator Alexandr III
№207
18.12.2015
plan 12.2019
plan 12.2020
under construction
Knyaz Pozharskiy
№208
23.12.2016
plan 02.2020
plan 11.2021
under construction

Source russianships.info

Project 955A Borei II the Knyaz Vladimir will be launched in August: Here

Excerpt

MOSCOW (Sputnik) — The Knyaz Vladimir submarine will boost the potential of the nuclear component of the Navy’s submarine forces, he said.

Russian nuclear submarines will disappear from enemy radar: Here

Excerpt

The newest Russian submarines of Project 995 of the type “Borey-A” and 885 “Yasen-M” will turn into “black holes” for submarines, anti-submarine ships and enemy aircraft. They will become virtually indistinguishable for hydroacoustic stations – the main means of detecting submarines. These unique capabilities of the submarine were obtained thanks to the latest silent, hermetic pumps of domestic production. Previously, all Soviet and Russian boats were equipped with the products of the Moldavian scientific and technical center “Hydrotechnika”.

Russia to float out next-generation strategic nuclear submarine on November 17: Here

Excerpt

MOSCOW, November 15. /TASS/. The strategic Project Borei-A lead nuclear-powered submarine Prince Vladimir armed with ballistic missiles will be floated out on November 17 in a launch ceremony at the Sevmash Shipyard in Severodvinsk in north Russia, Navy spokesman Captain 1st Rank Igor Dygalo said on Wednesday.

Russia starts development of Borei-B nuclear-powered submarines: Here

Excerpt

Russia has started building Borei-B class strategic nuclear-powered submarines, chief of the Russian Armed Forces’ General Staff Valery Gerasimov said.

In Severodvinsk, a new nuclear submarine “Prince Vladimir” was taken out of the boathouse: Here

Excerpt

The Severodvinsk Production Association “Sevmash” held a solemn ceremony of removing the project “Borey-A” from the main nuclear submarine “Prince Vladimir” from the slipway. This is the first of a series of “Borei”, built on a modernized project.

CIMS

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CICS (combat information management system) “District” – in class capabilities not lower CICS “Omnibus” development group “Morinformsystem” Agat “(Central Research Institute” AGAT “, used in the PLA  pr.971 ), combining real-time control of all combat systems, information about the condition of the vehicle and information on the means of observation and targeting. Work CICS provides several onboard computer. probably CICS ship can receive and transmit data to other vehicles on the protected sonar data transmission system.  Source militaryrussia.ru

Central post SSBN K-535 “Yury Dolgoruky” pr.09551, 01.10.2013, the ( source ).Russian Insight YouTubeRussian Insight YouTubeRussian Insight YouTube

Sensors

MGK-600B Amfora (Hull Array) (Borey)

General data:  
Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1990s
Sensors / EW:
MGK-600B Amfora [Hull Array] – (Borey) Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 74.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

Mouse Roar [MG-519 Arfa-M] (MGK-500 Suite)

General data:  
Type: Hull Sonar, Active-Only Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 0.9 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Mouse Roar [MG-519 Arfa-M] – (MGK-500 Suite) Hull Sonar, Active-Only
Role: Hull Sonar, Active-Only Mine & Obstacle Avoidance
Max Range: 0.9 km

Source cmano-db.com

Snoop Tray 2 (MRK-50 Kaskad) radar

General data:  
Type: Radar Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 37 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0.6 km Generation: Early 1970s
Properties: Pulse-only Radar
Sensors / EW:
Snoop Tray 2 [MRK-50 Kaskad] – Radar
Role: Radar, Surface Search, Short-Range
Max Range: 37 km

Source cmano-db.com

Generic Acoustic Intercept

General data:  
Type: Acoustic Intercept (Active Sonar Warning) Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 27.8 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Generic Acoustic Intercept – Acoustic Intercept (Active Sonar Warning)
Role: Acoustic Intercept
Max Range: 27.8 km

Source cmano-db.com

MGK-600B Amfora [Towed Array]

General data:  
Type: TASS, Passive-Only Towed Array Sonar System Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 129.6 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1990s
Sensors / EW:
MGK-600B Amfora [Towed Array] – TASS, Passive-Only Towed Array Sonar System
Role: TASS, Passive-Only Towed Array Sonar System
Max Range: 129.6 km

Sourccmano-db.com

MGK-600B Amfora [Flank Array]

General data:  
Type: Hull Sonar, Passive-Only Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 74.1 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1990s
Sensors / EW:
MGK-600B Amfora [Flank Array] – Hull Sonar, Passive-Only
Role: Hull Sonar, Passive-Only Ranging Flank Array Search & Track
Max Range: 74.1 km

Source cmano-db.com

Brick Pulp [MRP-21 Zaliv-P] (Victor, Charlie) ESM

General data:  
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 222.2 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1960s
Sensors / EW:
Brick Pulp [MRP-21 Zaliv-P] – (Victor, Charlie) ESM
Role: RWR, Radar Warning Receiver
Max Range: 222.2 km

Source cmano-db.com

Park Lamp ESM

General data:  
Type: ESM Altitude Max: 0 m
Range Max: 926 km Altitude Min: 0 m
Range Min: 0 km Generation: Late 1970s
Sensors / EW:
Park Lamp – ESM
Role: HF/DF
Max Range: 926 km

Source cmano-db.com

Bulava SLBM missiles on the Russian subs

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The Bulava SLBM (designated RSM-56 in the START treaty), which is based on the Topol M design, would be fitted onto the Borei Class submarines.

Bulava SLBM (designated RSM-56 in the START treaty)

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General data:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 36800 kg
Length: 12.1 m Span: 2.0 m
Diameter: 2.0 Generation: None
Properties: Ballistic Missile (ICBM/IRBM/SRBM), Weapon – INS Navigation, Warhead – Multiple Independent Re-Entry Vehicles (MIRV), Level Cruise Flight
Targets: Land Structure – Soft, Land Structure – Hardened, Runway, Mobile Target – Soft, Mobile Target – Hardened
Weapons:
SS-N-32 [6 MIRV x 150kT Nuclear] – (RSM-56 Bulava) Guided Weapon
Land Max: 8334 km.

Source cmano-db.com

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These missiles are developed by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology and would be launched on the Project 955 platform.

SSBN K-550 “Alexander Nevsky” pr.955 “Northwind”, Severodvinsk 09.11.2011 (photo – Sergey Mamontov, http://ria.ru ).

The missile is 12.1m long and has a diameter of 2.1m (including the launch container). It weighs a total of 36.8 metric tonnes and is capable of carrying six to ten re-entry vehicles with a yield of 100kt-150kt each.

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The Borei Class submarines have lower displacement levels than the Typhoon Class, which can carry a similar number of missiles. Yury Dolgoruky would carry 16 of these missiles, while the improved versions of the Borei Class submarines might carry 20 of them.

The submarine will also carry six of the SS-N-15 missiles. Each SS-N-15 is a 533mm calibre anti-ship missile has a range of 45km and is capable of being fitted with a 20kt warhead or a type 40 torpedo.

SS-N-15 missiles

SS-N-15 is a 533mm calibre anti-ship missile
General data:
Type: Guided Weapon Weight: 2445 kg
Length: 8.2 m Span: 0.53 m
Diameter: 0.53 Generation: None
Properties: Bearing-Only Launch (BOL), Weapon – INS Navigation, Level Cruise Flight
Targets: Submarine
Weapons:
SS-N-15 Starfish [RPK-6 Vodopad, UMGT-1 Torpedo] – (1982, 83R) Guided Weapon
Subsurface Max: 40.7 km.

Source cmano-db.com

Comments by Navy Recognition:

The new torpedo is being tested at Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan. The Futlyar torpedo will be of heat-seeking design like the baseline model, but it will retain the ability to be controlled from the submarine. The Futlyar also will be given an improved homing system with an extended underwater target lock-on range.

The new torpedo will equip the Project 955A Borei-A (NATO reporting name: Dolgorukiy-class), Project 885 Yasen-class (Severodvinsk-class) and Project 885M Yasen-M in the first place. With the beginning of the Futlyar’s full-rate production, the production of the Fizik torpedo will be discontinued. The Futlyar has been developed by the St. Petersburg Research Institute of Marine Hardware and the Dagdizel plant will handle its production.

UNIVERSAL DEEP-WATER HOMING TORPEDO UGST

nevskii-bastion.ru

First torpedo UGST demonstrated in 2003 in the seaside cabin IMDS-2003 in St. Petersburg. Moreover, when a torpedo like the first time publicly present a wide range of experts, because of some problems with special services UGST on the second day to hide from spectators, wrapped it in a carpet and rewinding the tape. 533-mm torpedo UGST equipped with a warhead weighing 300 kilograms and is designed to destroy warships and submarines at a distance of 50 kilometers. The torpedo is equipped with a combination of acoustic homing system also allowed remote control (from a board of the submarine).

nevskii-bastion.ru

CHARACTERISTICS

Caliber mm 533 – 534.4

Length, mm 7200 (6100)

Weight, kg: 1980 – 2200 (1680)

Weight of explosives, however, kg: 300

Speed, kt:

  • 1 mode: 50
  • 2-Mode : 30 – 35

Range of stroke, m: 50000 – 60000 (40000)

depth of stroke, m: up to 500

shooting depth with submarines, m: up to 400

Radius response CLO km:

  • on submarines: 2.5
  • NDT: 1.2

indication time wakefield NK track, from: 350

Length of wire telecontrol km:

  • torpedo coil 25
  • towable coil 5

Range fuse, m:

  • on the FL 2
  • NDT: 6 – 8

Translated by Google – A.V.Karpenko, MTC “Nevsky Bastion” 04.18.2015

Hatch for loading ammunition torpedo launchers and covers SGAPD on SSBN K-535 “Yury Dolgoruky” pr.955, Severodvinsk, PO “Sevmash”, September 17, 2009 ( http://forums.airbase.ru )

Rescue System

Popup pr.955 submarine rescue chamber (sketch of the Deep Blue Sea collection, http://paralay.iboards.ru )

A pop-up rescue chamber (VSC), calculated for the entire crew of the submarine, the submarine is in the body to the tail of the SLBM.VSC is for missile compartment. Liferafts class KSU-600N-4 (5 pieces). Source militaryrussia.ru

Vessel propulsion systems

The submarine is powered by an OK-650 nuclear reactor, AEU steam turbine, a shaft and a propeller. The Borei Class submarines are the first in Russia to run on the pump jet propulsion system. Source: naval-technology.com

Output from the workshop submarine K-535 “Yury Dolgoruky” po.955, 15.04.2007 (photo http://oborona.ru )

According to the Russian military, Borei-class are state-of-the-art submarines, featuring characteristics superior to any submarine currently in service worldwide.

Propulsion :

– NPS with pressurized water reactor thermal neutron BM-5 or similar with a steam generating unit (PPU) OK-650V capacity of 190 MW – similar installed on PLA pr.971 . Management and protection of the SPE (CPS) – “Aliot”. On SSBN pr.955U unconfirmed will be installed a new generation of nuclear power DTH KTP-6-85 with a steam-turbine plant, which, according to unconfirmed reports, is called “Azurite-90.”
– 1 x block-shaft steam turbine plant (PTU) with OK-GTZA 9VM or the like with improved depreciation of about 50,000 hp
– 2 x submersible thrusters 2 speed propulsion motors capacity PG-160 at 410 hp (370 hp dr.dannym) (?). Located in advancing columns aft submarine.
Retractable thrusters spiral column with an electric PLA pr.971 AKULA, similar thruster is used to NPBMS pr.955 (frame from documentary PO “Sevmash”, http://forums.airbase.ru )
Mechanics – one shaft, one hydrojet propulsion system GRDK-3.5m – water jet propulsion system (UFS) with high propulsion characteristics similar presumably used to SSGNs pr.885 . Two reclining thrusters. Nasal hydroplanes with flaps, drawers, similar to PLA pr.971 (at least on the first boat pr.955).

Energy – probably two turbogenerator AC OK-2 with a capacity of 3200 kW, two reversible DC-DC converter. Backup power – probably two groups of lead-acid batteries, 1-2 x genset reversible converter, fuel tank – 10 days. System control electro-energy system “Luga-B” / “Luga-Boreas.” Central Power System “cosine-B” / “cosine Northwind.”  Source militaryrussia.ru

Photo from sea trials SSBN “Yury Dolgoruky” 09-26.09.2010, at “jump” is executed September 12, 2010 ( http://www.sevmash.ru/ )

The Borei-class subs are replacing outgoing nuclear subs of the previous generation and are set to become the backbone of Russia’s sea-based nuclear defenses.

A Borei-class sub is 170 meters long and 13.5 meters wide, and can dive up to 450 meters.

They have a compact, hydro-dynamically efficient hull for reduced broadband noise and are the first to use pump-jet propulsion among Russian submarines. Their submerged cruise speed is at least 30 knots (56 kilometers per hour).

Safety measures for the subs include a rescue chamber that can host all 107 crew members.

The Bulava missile has had a somewhat troublesome development history, with technical glitches plaguing the early tests. Altogether there have been 22 launches in the SLBM’s history. However, out of the last 10 launches, only one failed.

The SSBN Vladimir Monomakh was handed over to the Russian Navy on December 10, having completed all trials and tests, including a successful Bulava launch in September.

The underwater missile launch was carried out from the White Sea off the northwest Russian coast. All warheads hit the Kura test range in the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East, the Defense Ministry said in a statement.

That missile launch was followed by two more successful launches carried out by the SSBN Yury Dolgorukiy in October and the SSBN Alexander Nevsky in November.

A fourth Borei-class submarine, Knyaz Vladimir, is currently under construction in Severomorsk, while a fifth, Knyaz Oleg, was laid down at the Sevmash shipyard in July.

The SSBN Knyaz Oleg will become the first of the upgraded Project 955A submarines, which will boast smaller hulls and cons as well as even better acoustics and lower sound levels.

The sixth Borei-class sub, SSBN Knyaz Suvorov, will be laid down in Severomorsk on December 21.

By 2020, the Defense Ministry plans to have eight Borei-class subs as the backbone of the naval component of the country’s strategic nuclear deterrent.

Source © Autonomous Nonprofit Organization “TV-Novosti”, 2005–2015. All rights reserved.


Borei-class sub1dbb533098f14dcbf6e9341c7a4c785eBulava ICBM:

Displacement standard, t
Displacement normal, t 14950 / 19700
Length, m 170.0
Breadth, m 13.5
Draught, m 9.00
No of shafts 1
Machinery 1 OK-9VM geared steam turbines unit, 1 OK-650B nuclear reactor
Power, h. p. 49000
Max speed, kts 15 / 20
Fuel, t nuclear
Endurance, nm(kts) practically unlimited
Armament 16 R-30 Bulava SLBM (16 R-30 (3M30)), 4 – 533 TT (bow, 12, inc. URPK-6 Vodopad-PL SSM/ASuM (83R, 84R)), 1 x 1 Igla SAM (8 9M39)
Sensors pr. 955: R-43 radar, MGK-600B Irtysh-Amfora-B-055A sonar suite, ECM suite, 6 REPS-324 Shlagbaum decoy launchers, MVU-132 Omnibus-BDRM CCS

pr. 955A: R-43M-955A radar, MGK-600B Irtysh-Amfora-B-055A sonar suite, MG-70, Zhgut-M, Vint-M sonars, Bukhta ECM suite, 6 REPS-324 Shlagbaum decoy launchers, Okrug CCS

Complement 102
Diving depth operational, m 300

Specification data navypedia.org

Images are from public domain unless otherwise stated

Main image Knyaz Vladimir by Oleg Kuleshov

Updated Jul 01, 2018

4 thoughts on “Russian Borei-class nuclear sub (Project 955/955A/955B)

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