innovation for humanity…
BrahMos-II is a hypersonic cruise missile
BrahMos-II or BrahMos-2 or BrahMos Mark II (note: not to be confused with BrahMos block-2) is a hypersonic cruise missile.Currently BrahMos Mark II under joint development by India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia, which have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited. It is the second of the BrahMos series of cruise missiles. The BrahMos-II is expected to have a range of 290 kilometers (180 mi) and a speed of Mach 7. During the cruise stage of flight the missile will be propelled by a scramjet air breathing jet engine. (An airbreathing jet engine (or ducted jet engine) is a jet engine propelled by a jet of hot exhaust gases formed from air that is drawn into the engine via an inlet duct. All practical air breathing jet engines are internal combustion engines that directly heat the air by burning fuel, with the resultant hot gases used for propulsion via a propulsive nozzle, although other techniques for heating the air have been experimented with. Most jet engines are turbofans which have largely replaced turbojets.
Other details, including production cost and physical dimensions of the missile, are yet to be published. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2017.The planned operational range of the BrahMos-II has been restricted to 290 kilometres (180 mi) as Russia is a signatory to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which prohibits it from helping other countries develop missiles with ranges above 300 kilometers (190 mi). Its top speed will be double that of the current BrahMos-I and it has been described as the fastest cruise missile in the world. Russia is developing a special and secret fuel formula to enable the BrahMos-II to exceed Mach 5. Design of multiple variants of the missile was completed by October 2011, with testing starting in 2012.These variants will arm the Project 15B destroyers of the Indian Navy. Fourth-generation multi-purpose Russian Naval destroyers (Project 21956) are also likely to be equipped with the BrahMos II.
**** -END- *****
India and Russia are also collaborating on a hypersonic version of the missile. Reports suggest that the Brahmos-II will be powered by a scramjet engine rather than the ramjet version. Russian defense officials have also claimed that the missile will reach the Mach 5 threshold required to be classified as hypersonic by using a special new fuel.7 Source missilethreat.csis.org
It’s widely believed BrahMos-II is the export version of Russia’s 3M22 Zircon hypersonic cruise missile, and both weapons look very similar in external appearance. Production of the 3M22 Zircon is expected to begin late this year at the earliest. Tests of this weapon began in March 2016.
Last week, Russia claimed the 3M22 Zircon, which is being developed as an anti-ship missile, hit Mach 8 (9,900 km/h) in a recent test, which makes this weapon the fastest hypersonic missile on Earth — if the unverified results of this test are true.
“During the tests of the missile, it was confirmed that its speed on the march reaches eight Mach,” said Russian state-owned media. Russia didn’t specify which submarine, surface ship or land installation launched the Mach 8 Zircon, nor did it specify when.