Type A26 submarines being built by Saab will serve Swedish Defence as successors to Gotland-class submarines. Type A26’s mission capabilities include maritime security, covert mine countermeasure, intelligence gathering, surveillance, reconnaissance, covert in hostile areas, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, mine-laying, underwater work, and other special operations.
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Saab has been contracted by the Swedish Defence Material Administration (FMV) to construct, verify and deliver two Type A26 next-generation submarines for the Swedish Navy. It received an order from the FMV to procure sensor systems for the Type A26 in December 2014.
The FMV further awarded a contract worth Skr7.6bn ($925m) to Saab for the construction, verification and delivery of two A26 submarines in June 2015.
The first submarine’s first steel was cut at Saab’s Kockums shipyard in September 2015. Deliveries will begin in 2022 and continue through to 2024.
A26 submarine design and features
The Kockums A26 submarine’s modular hull structure, made from special steels, offers high-seakeeping performance and operational effectiveness. The X-rudder configuration with four independently controlled control surfaces provides high-manoeuvrability. The submarine requires low operating and maintenance costs.
The submarine is 62m-long and has a draught of 6m and a displacement of approximately 1,800t when surfaced. The Scandinavian design offers spacious and comfortable seating for up to 26 personnel. Two crew members are assigned to the same bunk in rotation based on the hot bunk principle.
The submarine has two pressure-tight compartments and a pressure-tight, mid-tank section. An escape tower on top of the mid-tank section facilitates emergency escape for crewmen.
All applicable management and control systems of the submarine are interconnected through the vessel’s general management services system (GMSS). All subsystems are operated from common multifunctional consoles (MFCs), whereas all major ship systems are controlled through the ship control and monitoring system (SCMS).
The submarine can be upgraded with the installation of a hull section in the forward or aft compartment. The forward section can be equipped with additional space for workstations, accommodation and other equipment. An additional diesel and/or Stirling AIP engine can be placed in the aft section.
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Swedish company Saab showed the layout of upgraded diesel-electric submarine project A26, equipped with vertical launchers for Tomahawk missiles, reports “Warspot” with reference to the portal defensenews.com Today vertical launchers for Tomahawk missiles are only present on nuclear submarines serving in the Navy of great Britain and the United States. In addition, some models of diesel-electric submarines equipped with the torpedo room, modified to launch the “Tomahawk”. A large-scale model of the submarine A26 Saab with vertical launchers for cruise recetesi a new modification of the Saab A26 submarine will be embodied in metal, it will become the first diesel-electric submarine capable of carrying cruise missiles in vertical launchers. At Saab indicate that a new project is already interested some countries. Vertical launchers for cruise missiles TomahawkВ standard version A26 is a modular submarine with a displacement of 1900 T. Source weaponews.com
|Primary Function: Long-range subsonic cruise missile for striking high value or heavily defended land targets.
|Contractor: Raytheon Missile Systems Company, Tucson, AZ.
|Date Deployed: Block II TLAM-A IOC – 1984
Block III � IOC 1994
Block IV � IOC 2004.
|Propulsion: Block II/III TLAM-A, C & D – Williams International F107 cruise turbo-fan engine; ARC/CSD solid-fuel booster
|Length: 20.3 feet; with booster: 20 feet 6 inches (6.25 meters).
|Diameter: 21 inches
|Wingspan: 8 feet 9 inches (2.67 meters).
|Weight: 3,330 pounds with rocket motor.
|Speed: Subsonic – about 550 mph (880 km/h).
|Range: Block II TLAM-A � 1350 nautical miles (1500 statute miles, 2500 km)
Block III TLAM-C – 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
Block III TLAM-D – 700 nautical miles (800 statute miles, 1250 km
Block IV TLAM-E – 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
|Guidance System: Block II TLAM-A � INS, TERCOM
Block III TLAM-C, D
Block IV TLAM-E � INS, TERCOM, DSMAC, and GPS.
|Warhead: Block II TLAM-N � W80 nuclear warhead
Block III TLAM-C and Block IV TLAM-E – 1,000 pound class unitary warhead
Block III TLAM-D – conventional submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets.
|Last Update: 10 April 2017
Saab Expands its A26 Submarine Offer with now Three Variants to Choose From: Here
During its Submarine Seminar 2017 held this morning, Saab Kockums announced that the A26 next generation submarine is now a family with three model range: Pelagic, Oceanic and Oceanic (Extended Range).
The new Pelagic variant is a smaller version of the A26 designed for the Swedish Navy. A26 Pelagic measures less than 50 meters in length with a surfaced displacement of about 1,000 tons. Its range is 4,000 nautical miles at 10 knots and its endurance at patrol speed is over 20 days thanks to the AIP module. It standard crew complement is 17 to 25 sailors.
The Oceanic variant is pretty much the “baseline” A26 designed for the Swedish Navy. A26 Oceanic measures 65 meters in length with a surfaced displacement of 2,000 tons. Its range is over 6,500 nautical miles at 10 knots and its endurance at patrol speed is over a month (30 days) thanks to the AIP module. It standard crew complement is 17 to 35 sailors.
A26 Oceanic (Extended Range)
The new Oceanic (Extended Range) variant is a larger/stretched version of the A26 designed for the Swedish Navy. A26 Oceanic (Extended Range) has a length in excess of 80 meters and a surfaced displacement of over 3,000 tons. Its range is over 10,000 nautical miles at 10 knots and its endurance at patrol speed is over 50 days thanks to the AIP module. It standard crew complement is 20 to 50 sailors.
Equipment carried on A26 submarine
A large, flexible payload stowage compartment allows carriage of a variety of mission payloads to deliver a high degree of operational flexibility. The pressure-tight containers, unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs), remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), and reconnaissance and rescue systems can be carried externally.
payload vertical pipe
Flexible load lock, designed for new Swedish submarines A-26
Move cursor over picture to see details
The submarine employs a 6m-long Multimission Portal™ for the launch and recovery of up to eight divers along with their mission payloads. The UUVs can be deployed in mine searching and clearance operations, and the unmanned maritime vehicles are used to gather acoustic, visual, electronic and communication intelligence data.
In order to facilitate secure system integration, future upgrading and expansion, as well as reduce costs, all parts of the Combat System are interconnected through the combat system infrastructure (CSIS).
This is the backbone of all information systems in the combat system and comprises an open architecture distributed system that integrates combat subsystems in a secure way according to Saab’s IT security architecture. To cut lead times and costs, the CSIS is mainly based on easily obtainable commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products, technologies and standards, adapted and/or applied to naval military applications.
All applicable subsystems are interconnected through the CSIS and operated from common multifunctional consoles (MFCs). CSIS access points throughout the submarine enable easy connection for a large number of additional subsystems, MFCs, workstations and laptops.
Decentralized Combat Management
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The combat system of the Kockums A26 submarine is managed from a Saab combat management system (CMS) specially developed for this submarine. Notably, instead of being a central system to which all other systems are integrated, the CMS is a subsystem linked to the CSIS which communicates using open standards. This allows integrated systems, including the CMS, to be individually upgraded or exchanged, thereby greatly reducing project risks typically found with large, complex and highly integrated systems.
The CMS allows high-performance data exchange via the CSIS with other systems like sonar, Electronic Support Measures (ESM), weapon interface systems and the vessel control system. Like most other subsystems connected to the CSIS, the CMS can be operated from any MFC in the submarine.
Navigation and communications
The Type A26 submarine is equipped with mast-mounted optronic sensor systems, as well as active and passive sonar systems for the identification and detection of threats.
Advanced network-centric communication capabilities enable the submarine to integrate them with other forces on the land, sea and in the air. External communication is provided though radio, hydroacoustic and shore-connected methods.
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The weapon system is managed from a Saab combat management system (CMS) that is connected with the GMSS.
Countermeasures and safety features
The GHOST® Genuine Holistic Stealth technology makes the Type A26 invisible and quiet. The submarine has low hydrodynamic and infrared signatures, and low radar cross-section.
The submarine is resistant to significant shock loads from underwater explosions. It is fitted with mine countermeasures to detect, identify and destruct mines. An emergency, high-pressure, air-blowing system is fitted to help bring the submarine to surface in the event of flooding. The submarine is also equipped with a fire-protection system designed as according to SOLAS requirements.
Propulsion and performance of A26 submarines
The main propulsion system of the Type A26 submarine is fully-integrated Kockums Stirling air-independent propulsion (AIP) system, which burns gasified pure industrial liquid oxygen (LOX) and diesel fuel. The submarine is also equipped with a conventional diesel-electric propulsion system.
The maximum submerged AIP speed of the submarine is more than 6k, maximum continuous snorting speed is 12k, diving depth is more than 200m, mission endurance is 45 days, and operating sea water density is between 1,003kg/m³ and 1,032kg/m³. The submarine can withstand temperatures ranging from -2°C to 32°C.
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Securing Total Control
Submarine operations in the extreme littorals are also facilitated by the difficulty of carrying out anti-submarine warfare (ASW) in shallow water. A confusing combination of big thermal variations in water layers, unpredictable tides and currents, high reverberation and highly directional ambient noise defeats ASW measures.
This is why the next-generation Kockums A26 submarine, with superior GHOST® (Genuine HOlistic STealth) properties and AIP, is a valuable asset in securing total control in the extreme littoral zones, or as we call it, Littoral Supremacy
MINIMISING LIFE CYCLE COSTS
Saab has taken numerous measures to minimise the life cycle costs of the A26 submarine.
It is crucial to get the best out of this considerable investment by implementing measures that minimise running costs over the lifetime of the submarine. The major ones are summarised below.
- The modular concept is production-friendly by allowing preoutfitted platforms to be constructed off site and delivered when required.
- Modularity allows continuous and straightforward adaptation or updating of systems and equipment to allow future-proofing of the submarine to attain the maximum life cycle.
- A high degree of automation of all management and control systems means that a smaller crew can carry out all the operational functions on board.
- Saab’s Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) extends the operational lifetime of the submarine. Our condition-based maintenance concept is stepwise to ensure that not everything needs to be replaced at the same time. This also maximises submarine availability.
- Advanced life cycle cost analysis is also conducted to ensure low operating and maintenance costs throughout the service life of the submarine.
- Saab uses COTS components instead of MIL-standard parts where possible to reduce repair costs and simplify work.
- Onboard maintenance of the Stirling AIP engines can be performed by the crew.
- Replenishment at sea can be carried out, including for the Stirling AIP system and torpedoes.
The A26 submarine is designed and developed from an economical perspective to provide a very cost-effective investment, when considering the decades during which it will be operational. Source Saab
Source: naval-technology.com/errymath.blogspot.com/saab.com/ http://www.defence24.pl
Updated Mar 15, 2020