The Global Combat Ship (GCS) also known as the Type 26 Global Combat Ship, or simply Type 26, is a ship design and construction programme of the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom, to replace the thirteen Type 23 frigates of the Royal Navy and for export.
The programme started in 1998, named “Future Surface Combatant (FSC)”. In March 2010 BAE Systems Maritime – Naval Ships was awarded a four-year contract to develop the Type 26 Global Combat Ship. The design passed Main Gate 1, with Demonstration Phase starting 1 April 2015, with manufacturing planned to begin in 2016 and the first Type 26 to be delivered in 2022.
On 25 March 2010, BAE Systems were given a four-year, £127 million contract by the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), to fully design the Type 26 Global Combat Ship (formerly C1 of the FSC). At the time the first of the Type 26 Global Combat Ships was expected to be delivered to the Royal Navy by 2020.
In February 2015, the MoD and BAE Systems signed a contract worth £859m to continue development, supporting progression towards the manufacturing phase. As of 2014 the MoD hope to have the first ship delivered in 2022.
Unlike the FSC, the Global Combat Ship will have only one hull design. However like the Franco-Italian family of FREMM multipurpose frigates, three versions are proposed: a design optimised for anti-submarine warfare (ASW), an anti-aircraft warfare (AAW) variant, and a general purpose (GP) variant.
Plasan Signed a Contract With BAE Systems for the Armouring of Type 26 Combat Ships: Here
BAE Systems confirms first steel cut for Type 26 Global Combat Ships: Here
The first steel cut for the Royal Navy’s Type 26 Global Combat Ships will take place in Glasgow in summer 2017, subject to final contract negotiations with the Ministry of Defence.
The UK government committed to eight advanced anti-submarine warfare ships in its 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) and has to date invested a total of £1.9bn in the programme, which is being led by BAE Systems.
British government approves $4.9 billion for BAE Systems to build three Type 26 anti-submarine warfare frigates: Here
The British government has given the green light to BAE Systems to build three Type 26 anti-submarine warfare frigates in a deal worth around £3.7 billion, or U.S. $4.9 billion, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon announced.
The deal is the first batch of a fleet of eight warships due to be handed over to the Royal Navy to replace the current Type 23 frigates for escorting the new Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers and protecting the nuclear submarine fleet as they come and go from their base in Scotland.
Work begins on the Type 26 Frigate HMS Glasgow: Here
IT was one of the many broken promises made by the Westminster Government ahead of the independence referendum in September, 2014, but at least work has now started on the three new Royal Navy frigates being built on the Clyde, the first of which is to be called HMS Glasgow.
The No campaign publicised the promise widely — “Govan and Scotstoun will get the order for 13 Type-26 frigates from the Royal Navy”. So far, however, just three have been ordered and the final number will be eight, though where and when they will be built will not be decided until the 2020s.
Defence Secretary Michael Fallon was in Govan yesterday to announce HMS Glasgow’s name and start the work of cutting steel for the ship.
The ceremony led the SNP to call on the UK Government to try to live up to the original promise.
Second Royal Navy City-class Type 26 Frigate to be Named HMS Belfast: Here
Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon unveiled the name of one of the new Type 26 frigates as HMS Belfast during a trip to Northern Ireland. The second to be named in the City Class of eight brand new, cutting-edge, anti-submarine warfare frigates, HMS Belfast will provide advanced protection for the likes of the UK’s nuclear deterrent and Queen Elizabeth Class aircraft carriers. The Defence Secretary revealed the name at Belfast shipyard Harland and Wolff, which built the Royal Navy’s last HMS Belfast, in 1938.
In January 2010, Jane’s Defence Weekly reported that the governments of the United Kingdom and Australia were exploring the potential for cooperation on the C1 and C3 designs, which corresponds closely to the Royal Australian Navy’s requirements in replacing its MEKO-200 Anzac-class frigate with a new frigate type (Project SEA 5000). An initial decision for the frigate replacement is not expected until at least 2018. When the two countries signed a defence cooperation treaty in January 2013 the Australians agreed to collaborate on their frigate requirement and investigate involvement in the Type 26 project.
Anzac Class Frigate: Details
Royal Australian Navy’s MEKO-200 Anzac-class frigate
“Royal Australian Navy’s requirements in replacing its MEKO-200 Anzac-class frigate with a new frigate type (Project SEA 5000). An initial decision for the frigate replacement is not expected until at least 2018”
Australia’s Future ASW Frigates: Warfare Down Under: Here
Proposals submitted by BAE Systems, Fincantieri and Navantia have been shortlisted for the Australian government’s program to build nine new frigates for the Royal Australian Navy.
BAE joins race for new US frigate with its Type 26 vessel: Here
BAE Systems is officially gunning for the U.S. Navy’s new frigate program with its new Type 26 frigate now in production in the U.K.
Company officials confirmed Thursday it had responded to the U.S. Navy’s request for information and were in talks with unspecified companies in the states about how it would build the ship for the FFG(X) program, according to a BAE official who spoke on background to discuss early developments.
BAE Systems proposes ‘unprecedented’ technology transfer for Australia: Here
BAE Systems said on 23 November that it has teamed with the UK government in offering to provide Australia with 5,000 ‘work years’ of technical design capability if the company is successful in its bid to supply the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) with next-generation frigates.
The British and Brazilian governments agreed on a defence partnership that may lead to the sale of five or six Type 26 frigates to the Brazilian Navy. In October 2010, BAE made a detailed proposal to the Brazilian navy, for a package including Type 26 frigates as well as variants of the Wave Knight-class tanker and River-class patrol vessel.
In August 2011 it was reported that the UK Government, together with BAE Systems, was considering entering into partnership with the Indian MoD and private defence shipyards in India to jointly design and build the Type 26/Global Combat Ship.
In July 2015, Defense News reported that the Type 26 design could be selected by Germany. BAE Systems’ Type 26 program director, Geoff Searle, stated that “German teams been over here, and there has been ministerial discussion. […] We are certainly interested in the program. They have a similar requirement to the Type 26.” Thus, the Type 26 may possibly become the basic design for 4 to 6 multi purpose ships of the so called “MKS 180” program.
BAE’s original working baseline for the Type 26 design was a vessel of 141 metres long with a displacement of 6,850 tonnes and an “in service date” of 2021. On 30 November 2010 it was reported that the specifications had been pared to reduce the cost from £500M to £250-350M per ship. By May 2011 new specification details began to emerge of a smaller 5,400 tonne ship emphasising flexibility and modularity like the German Blohm + Voss GmbH MEKO designs.
See details of Valour-class frigate: HERE
MEKO 200A Corvettes – South African Navy
The new design has a length of 148 metres, a beam of 19 metres and a top speed in excess of 28 knots (52 km/h). Type 26 will have a crew of 118 with room for 72 embarked troops. Type 26 is designed for up to 60 days’ endurance and a range of approximately 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h).
The latest BAE design now has a large midships flexible Mission Deck instead of the well deck.
Global Combat Ship is designed with modularity and flexibility in mind to enhance versatility across the full range of operations, including maritime security, counter piracy, counter terrorist and humanitarian and disaster relief operations. Located in the stern is a mission bay with a ramp allowing for the deployment of rigid-hulled inflatable boats, unmanned surface vehicles or a towed array sonar (Sonar 2087). Early designs had a well deck at the back for launching and recovering unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs). The latest BAE design now has a large midships flexible Mission Deck instead of the well deck. Aircraft similar in size to the Boeing Chinook can be flown off the large flight deck, and the hangar can accommodate Royal Navy Wildcats and Merlin helicopters. The flight deck also includes an extra hangar door and space to accommodate Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
Aircraft similar in size to the Boeing Chinook can be flown off the large flight deck, and the hangar can accommodate Royal Navy Wildcats and Merlin helicopters. The flight deck also includes an extra hangar door and space to accommodate Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
Royal Navy ships will be equipped with the Type 997 Artisan 3D search radar and Sea Ceptor (CAMM) air-defence missiles launched via 48 VLS canisters. An additional 16-cell or 24-cell “Main Strike Length” VLS Mark 41 is positioned forward of the bridge capable of firing missiles such as Tomahawk land-attack cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles and quad packed Sea Ceptor missiles. Like the Type 23 frigate it will replace, Type 26 Global Combat Ship will have an acoustically quiet hull for anti-submarine warfare and will be armed with Sting Ray acoustic homing torpedos.
Type 997 Artisan 3D search radar
Type 997 Artisan 3D search radar
Actual capabilities remain classified but it is reportedly capable of tracking in excess of 800 objects at a range of 200km.
|Type: Radar||Altitude Max: 30480 m|
|Range Max: 203.7 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 3.1 km||Generation: Early 2010s|
|Properties: Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) [Side Info], Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar (Full LDSD Capability)|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Type 997 Artisan 3D – (2013) Radar
Role: Radar, Target Indicator, 3D Surface-to-Air
Max Range: 203.7 km
There are also a couple of smaller and much less sophisticated systems from Kelvin Hughes used on the Type 23 Frigate. The Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 and now Type 1008 is used for surface warning and navigation. Both are considered legacy equipment and so less likely to be transferred from the Type 23, instead the Kelvin Hughes Sharpeye digital radar systems will probably be used for navigation, obstacle avoidance and helicopter flight operations Support. Source thinkdefence.co.uk
Kelvin Hughes Sharpeye
The Sharpeye navigation radar and SCOT satellite radomes can also be seen.
The shapes at the base of the mast that look like beer barrels are electro-optical sensors, the Ultra Electronics SERIES 2500 EO System that are standard equipment fit on Type 45 Destroyers. Source: thinkdefence.co.uk
Ultra Electronics SERIES 2500 EO System
The stabilised sensor is called the Electro-Optical Director (EOD) and this is linked to a system console called the platform Control Cubicle (PCC). The system can be cued manually or automatically (including from radar and other systems), track moving objects with its long range TV and Infra-Red sensors, perform target identification and provide ballistic fire control information for the ships gunnery equipment.
HGH Infrared Systems manufacture panoramic thermal imaging systems, working in a QinetiQ led project they will supply their Spynel-M products for integration with the Compact Combat System (C2S) that will combine a Kelvin Hughes SharpEye radar and a Chess Dynamics Sea Eagle. The system is primarily designed to counter the small fast inshore attack craft (FIACs) threat. Information from the three sensors and AIS data is integrated with the Enhanced Situation Awareness From Existing Sensors (ESAFES) fusion engine and presented to a single display and cueing information provided to on deck automatic weapons via an Ethernet link. Although this is only a research project this kind of technology might find its way onto Type 26 GCS. Source: thinkdefence.co.uk
Surface Ship Combat Systems (SSCS)
BAE will be introducing a shared computing environment based on modern blade server architecture and operating systems virtualisation on Type 23 and this will be transferred to the Type 26. Given the rapid rate of development in computing equipment and long timescales between design and introduction of the Type 26 GCS this kind of technology, mundane and ordinary in the civilian world, will allow the ships computing environment to avoid obsolescence issues that limit effectiveness and drive up support costs as manufacturers struggle to find stocks of Intel 486 processors, for example. Source: thinkdefence.co.uk
Blade server architecture
Aish Technologies provide blade server enclosures, displays and consoles to the Royal Navy.
MBDA to provide Sea Ceptor for Type 26 Global Combat Ship: Here
|Type: Guided Weapon||Weight: 99 kg|
|Length: 3.2 m||Span: 0.45 m|
|Diameter: 0.17||Generation: None|
|Properties: Anti-Air Dogfight (High Off-Boresight), Capable vs Seaskimmer|
|Targets: Aircraft, Helicopter, Missile|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Active Radar Seeker – (AAM MR, CAMM(M)) Radar
Weapon Seeker, Active Radar
Max Range: 9.3 km
|Sea Ceptor [CAMM(M)] – (2017) Guided Weapon
Air Max: 27.8 km.
Sea Ceptor (CAMM) air-defence missiles launched via 48 VLS canisters
Sea Ceptor (CAMM) air-defence missiles and Sea Ceptor (CAMM) air-defence missiles launched via 48 VLS canisters.
6-cell or 24-cell “Main Strike Length” VLS Mark 41
Each of the Type 26 frigates will be equipped with three eight-cell MK 41 VLS modules. BAE’s initial order includes nine MK 41 modules, sufficient for the first three ships of the class.
Three eight-cell MK 41 VLS modules aft of Sea Ceptor (CAMM) air-defence missiles launchers
The MK 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) is the worldwide standard in shipborne missile launching systems. Under the guidance of the US Navy, Martin Marietta performs the design, development, production, and field support that make the battle-proven VLS the most advanced shipborne missile launching system in the world. The Mk 41 VLS simultaneously supports multiple warfighting capabilities, including antiair warfare, antisubmarine warfare, ship self-defense, strike warfare, and antisurface warfare.
The Vertical Launching System (VLS) Mk 41 is a canister launching system which provides a rapid-fire launch capability against hostile threats. The missile launcher consists of a single eight-cell missile module, capable of launching SEASPARROW missiles used against hostile aircraft, missiles and surface units. Primary units of the VLS are two Launch Control Units, one 8-Cell Module, one 8-Cell System Module, a Remote Launch Enable Panel and a Status Panel.
The Launch Control Units receive launch orders from the Multi-Function Computer Plant (MFCP). In response to the orders, the Launch Control Units select and issue prelaunch and launch commands to the selected missile in the VLS launcher. During normal VLS operations, each Launch Control Unit controls half of the Launch Sequencers in the launcher. Either Launch Control Unit can be ordered by the MFCP where one Launch Control Unit is offline and the other Launch Control Unit assumes control of all Launch Sequencers in the launcher.
The 8-Cell Module consists of an upright structure that provides vertical storage space for eight missile canisters. A deck and hatch assembly at the top of the module protects the missile canisters during storage and the hatches open to permit missile launches. The plenum and uptake structure capture and vent missile exhaust gases vertically up through the module to the atmosphere through the uptake hatch. Electronic equipment mounted on the 8-Cell Module monitors the stored missile canisters and the module components and assists in launching the missiles.
“quad pack” launcher (Mk-41 VLS)
Type 26 frigates to get Mk 41 Vertical Launching System: Here
Tomahawk land-attack cruise missiles
Tomahawk land-attack cruise missiles
The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is an all-weather, long-range, subsonic cruise missile manufactured by Raytheon. The missile is launched from U.S. Navy surface ships (RGM variant) and submarines (UGM variant).
Tomahawk variants include the UGM-109A Tomahawk (Block II TLAM-A), which was deployed in 1984 and features a W80 nuclear warhead; the RGM/UGM-109C Tomahawk – Conventional (TLAM-C Block III), which was deployed in 1994 and features a 1,000-pound class unitary warhead; the RGM/UGM-109D Tomahawk – Submunition Dispenser (TLAM-D Block III), which was deployed in 1994 and features a conventional munitions dispenser with 166 submunitions in 24 canisters; and the RGM/UGM-109E Tactical Tomahawk (TLAM-E Block IV), which was deployed in 2004 and features a 1,000-pound class unitary warhead.
The variant currently being purchased by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) – for the Navy – is the RGM/UGM-109E Tomahawk Block IV aka Tactical Tomahawk features a two-way satellite data link that allows the controller to switch target during flight to pre-programmed alternate targets or redirect it to a new target. The targeting flexibility also includes the capability to loiter over the battlefield, while waiting for a more critical target. The Tactical Tomahawk is sized to fit torpedo tubes and capable of being deployed from a variety of surface ship and submarine platforms. The missile incorporates an active electronically scanned array, millimeter-wave seeker, which provides target acquisition and homing; and a passive electronic surveillance system for long-range acquisition and identification. For guidance, the Tactical Tomahawk uses INS, TERCOM (Terrain Contour Matching), DSMAC (Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation), and GPS. The missile carries a 1,000-pound warhead and is normally launched from attack submarines (such as the SSN 774 Virginia Class) equipped with vertical launch systems (VLS). Production of the Tactical Tomahawk missile began in FY 2002 and, by 2014, the supplier base included more than 300 companies in 24 states.
Primary Function: Long-range subsonic cruise missile
Prime Contractor: Raytheon Co.
Propulsion: Williams International F107-WR-402 turbofan engine with ARC/CSD solid-fuel booster
Length: 18 ft 3 in (5.56 m); with booster: 20.5 ft (6.25 m)
Diameter: 20.4 in (51.81 cm)
Wingspan: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
Weight: 2,900 lbs (1,315 kg); 3,500 lbs (1,588 kg) with booster
Speed: 550 mph (880 km/h)
Range: Block II TLAM-A: 1,350 nm/1,500 miles (2,500 km)
Block III TLAM-C: 900 nm/1,000 miles (1,600 km)
Block III TLAM-D: 700 nm/800 miles (1,250 km)
Block IV TLAM-E: 900 nm/1,000 miles (1,600 km)
Guidance System: Block II TLAM-A: INS and TERCOM (Terrain Contour Matching);
Block III TLAM-C, TLAM-D & Block IV TLAM-E: INS, TERCOM (Terrain Contour Matching),
DSMAC (Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation), and GPS
Warhead: Block II TLAM-N: W80 nuclear warhead;
Block III TLAM-C & Block IV TLAM-E: 1,000-pound class unitary warhead;
Block III TLAM-D: Conventional submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets
Sting Ray acoustic homing torpedos
Like the Type 23 frigate it will replace, Type 26 Global Combat Ship will have an acoustically quiet hull for anti-submarine warfare and will be armed with Sting Ray acoustic homing torpedos
|Ship Class Used On||Aircraft / ASW Helicopters|
|Date Of Design||Mod 0: 1977
Mod 1: 2002
|Date In Service||Officially in 1986, but the HMS Antelope reportedly had four onboard when she was sunk during the Falklands War in 1982.
Mod 1 was scheduled for operational service in 2006.
|Weight||588.5 lbs. (267 kg)|
|Overall Length||102.4 in (2.600 m)|
|Explosive Charge||99 lbs. (45 kg) Shaped Charge Torpex (it was been proposed that this be replaced by PBX-104, a plastic explosive, but this plan has apparently been abandoned)|
|Range / Speed||8,750 yards (8,000 m) / 45 knots|
|Power||Magnesium/silver-chloride seawater battery (Pump-jet)|
Each Type 26 will be fitted with a Thales Underwater Systems Type 2050 bow sonar, while eight vessels will be equipped with an additional powerful towed array sonar (e.g. Sonar 2087) recycled from the Type 23s. The Type 26 will also be fitted with guns of various calibres. Instead of the RN’s traditional 4.5″ gun it is expected to have a NATO-standard 5″ main gun, either the Otobreda 127/64 or BAE Mark 45.
£183 million deal signed for Type 26 Frigate gun: Here
Sonar 2050 is a medium-range bow sonar currently fitted to 13 Type 23 frigates and is the Royal Navy’s primary hull-mounted antisubmarine warfare sensor
|Type: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 29.6 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Late 1980s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Type 2050 [UMS 4110C] – (1988, Improved Type 2016, FMS 21) Hull Sonar, Active/Passive
Role: Hull Sonar, Active/Passive Search & Track
Max Range: 29.6 km
Type 26 frigates are to be equipped with anti-submarine warfare Thales Sonar 2087: Here
Britain’s future Type 26 frigates are to be equipped with anti-submarine warfare sonar from Thales, the company announced on Wednesday.
The contract to equip the first three with the sonars was awarded by the ship’s builder, BAE Systems, Thales said.
“We are pleased to be able to announce this contract with BAE Systems, which re-affirms our market position as a world-class provider of anti-submarine warfare sensors and systems,” Phil Jones, head of Thales’ maritime mission systems, said in a press release. “It’s fantastic news to see our Sonar 2087 variable depth sonar deployed on the Type 26 platform based on the pedigree of the in-service equipment on the Type 23 and the latest inboard processing to provide an enduring capability for the Royal Navy.”
Sonar 2087 (recycled from the Type 23s)
|Type: VDS, Active/Passive Sonar||Altitude Max: 0 m|
|Range Max: 129.6 km||Altitude Min: 0 m|
|Range Min: 0 km||Generation: Early 2000s|
|Sensors / EW:|
|Type 2087 [CAPTAS Mk2, Towed Body] – (UMS 4229) VDS, Active/Passive Sonar
Role: VDS, Active/Passive Variable Depth Sonar
Max Range: 129.6 km
Eight vessels will be equipped with an additional powerful towed array sonar (e.g. Sonar 2087) recycled from the Type 23s.
Sonar 2087 console station
Sonar 2087 console station
This latest version of the Mark 45 gun mount was designed to be used with the Extended Range Guided Munition (Mark 171 ERGM) in order to provide over-the-horizon range and improved lethality. Modifications for structural improvements include strengthened trunnion supports and a lengthened recoil stroke to accommodate the higher firing energy (18 vs. 10 megajoules) associated with ERGM. Additionally, the gun mount modifications include a new 62-caliber barrel, an Ammunition Recognition System, a Gun/ERGM interface and a new control system.
The Ammunition Recognition System identifies ERGM projectiles and propelling charges and preclude the unsafe mixing of ERGM and conventional ammunition. A Gun/ERGM interface will provide for the transmission of pre-flight data into the guidance and navigation subsystems of the ERGM prior to loading and firing. The control system is modified to accommodate ERGM changes and to digitally interface with the Mark 160 Mod 8 Gun Computer System. With an ORDALT, existing WM25 Fire Control Systems for the 5″/54 (12.7 cm) Mark 45 may also be used.
However, in March 2008 the Navy abandoned the ERGM, after it failed a series of tests in February 2008. This ended a 12-year, $600 million project that has been plagued with multiple problems. BTERM also failed a series of tests around this same time and was likewise cancelled.
BAE Mark 45
The Republic of Korea has purchased a manufacturing license for these guns in which United Defense delivers most of the upper gun, the shield and the loader, while the Republic of Korea company World Industries Ace (WIA) is responsible for the production of the lower hoist, the panels and the assembly and test of the gun itself. A 19 December 2002 press release by United Defense stated that the Republic of Korea had purchased total of six weapons.
£183 million deal signed for Type 26 Frigate gun: Here
The Ministry of Defence have signed a £183 million contract for a five inch gun system the Royal Navy’s new Type 26 Frigate fleet.
The Maritime Indirect Fire System (MIFS) will be integrated onto the Type 26 Global Combat Ships, currently being designed by BAE Systems. MIFS includes the 5-inch, 62-calibre Mark 45 Naval Gun System, which is already in service with other NATO nations, including the US and Spanish navies.
Sejong the Great-class destroyer: Details
Japan has also purchased a manufacturing license for these weapons for use on their Atago class Aegis destroyers. Japan Steel Works will manufacture, assemble and test the weapons. The Republic of Korea has selected this weapon to arm their newest destroyers. Denmark has purchased two of these weapons, the first European country to use this weapon.
United Defense made a proposal in mid-2004 that the British Type 45 destroyers use this weapon, but the proposal was turned down and the Type 45 are being armed with the 114 mm (4.5″) Mark 8 Mod 1 mountings.
In July 2016 BAE Systems announced that they had received a $245 million contract from the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) to provide the gun system, known as the Maritime Indirect Fires System (MIFS), for the Type 26 Global Combat Ship. Under the contract, BAE will manufacture three MIFS Integrated Gunnery Systems (IGS) and one trainer system for the UK Royal Navy. The MIFS IGS includes the 5-inch, 62-caliber Mk 45 Mod 4 Naval Gun System, along with an automated ammunition handling system, gun fire control system, and qualified ammunition. The contract includes an option for five additional systems for the remainder of the UK Royal Navy’s Type 26 fleet. This same press release also stated that more than 240 Mark 45 guns had been delivered globally. The release does not state if this count includes the older 5″/54 (127 mm) Mark 45 but I believe that it does.
|Designation||Gun: 5″/62 (12.7 cm) Mark 36Mounting: 5″/62 (12.7 cm) Mark 45 Mod 4|
|Ship Class Used On(see Note 2)||United States New-construction Arleigh Burke class DDG’s – First installed on USS Winston Churchill DDG-81
Modernized Ticonderoga (Flight II) CG-47 class
Republic of Korea
Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class (KDX II) and Sejong the Great (KDX III) class
UK Royal Navy
Type 26 class
|Date Of Design||1995|
|Date In Service||2000|
|Gun Length oa||N/A|
|Barrel and Bore Length||310.0 in (7.874 m)|
|Rate Of Fire(see Note 1)||16 – 20 rounds per minute|
The Rate of Fire in this table is for conventional ammunition. ERGM or ANSR rounds can be fired at a maximum rate of approximately 10 rounds for the first minute. The sustained rate is 2 to 4 rounds per minute and depends upon the magazine crew’s ability to manually move rounds from the shipping container to the loading position.
As many as 14 Ticonderoga (CG-47) class cruisers were planned to be upgraded to the 5″/62 (12.7 cm) depending upon available funding. Upgrades were to include using the Mark 160 Mod 11 Gunfire Control System (GCS) and two Mark 46 Mod 1 optical sight systems to replace the Mark 86 GCS. Magazine stowage flexibility was to be enhanced with the installation of the universal tie down system in both forward and aft magazines. However, it was not planned to make these ships capable of handling larger rounds such as ERGM or BTERM. In January and February 2004, the Navy decided to save money by not upgrading these ships to the larger guns and $100M was cut from the Cruiser Modernization program. In May 2004, the US Congress sent a letter to the Secretary of the Navy asking the USN to reconsider this decision. In August 2007, BAE announced the awarding of a Basic Ordering Agreement (BOA) from the U.S. Navy which included upgrading the CG-47 Flight II cruisers to the 5″/62 (127 mm) Mod 4. The upgrade package for these cruisers does not include the ability to handle longer rounds such as ERGM.
|Projectile Types and Weights(see Notes)||Mark 80 HE-PD – 67.6 lbs. (30.7 kg)Mark 91 Illum-MT – 63.9 lbs. (29.0 kg)
Mark 116 HE-VT – 69.7 lbs. (31.6 kg)
Mark 127 HE-CVT – 68.6 lbs. (31.1 kg)
Mark 156 HE-IR – 69.0 lbs. (31.3 kg)
Mark 172 HE-ICM (Cargo Round) – N/A
ERGM – 110 lbs. (50 kg)
BTERM – 96 lbs. (43.5 kg)
|Bursting Charge||See Note 9|
|Projectile Length||Mark 80 – 26 in (66 cm)Mark 91 – 26.1 in (66.3 cm)
Mark 116 – 26 in (66 cm)
Mark 127 – 26 in (66 cm)
Mark 156 – 26 in (66 cm)
Mark 172 – 26 in (66 cm)
ERGM – 61 in (155 cm)
BTERM – 61 in (155 cm)
|Propellant Charge(see Note 8)||Mark 67 – 18.25 lbs. (8.3 kg) NACOCartridge weighs 38.9 lbs. (17.6 kg) filled
EX-167 for ERGM – about 25 lbs. (11.3 kg) EX-99
Cartridge weighs about 40 lbs. (18.1 kg) filled
EX-175 High Energy – about 26 lbs (11.8 kg)
Cartridge weighs about 41 lbs. (18.6 kg) filled
|Muzzle Velocity||Mark 80 projectile with Mark 67 cartridge – 2,725 fps (831 mps)Mark 80 projectile with EX-175 cartridge – 3,450 fps (1,052 mps)
Mark 91 projectile with Mark 67 – 2,750 fps (838 mps)
ERGM with EX-167 cartridge – 2,750 fps (838 mps)
|Working Pressure||Mark 67 cartridge – 18.5 tons/in2 (2,758 kg/cm2)EX-167 cartridge – 29.0 tons/in2 (4,570 kg/cm2)
EX-175 cartridge – N/A
|Approximate Barrel Life with Mark 67 cartridge(see Note 7)||7,000 rounds|
|Ammunition stowage per gun(see Note 4)||Arleigh Burke:680 rounds|
This weapon has many different kinds of ammunition. The ones listed above are meant to be representational, but by no means is this a complete listing.
HE-PD = High Explosive, Point Detonating Fuze
Illum-MT = Illumination, Mechanical Time Fuze
HE-VT = High Explosive, Variable Time Fuze
HE-CVT = High Explosive, Controlled Variable Time Fuze
All projectiles have a 0.5 caliber boat-tail.
The ammunition stowage figure above is for conventional projectiles. Each ERGM projectile takes the place of about 1.75 conventional projectiles. It was estimated in 1998 that an Arleigh Burke could carry about 230 conventional projectiles and 230 ERGM. The ready-service loader drum for this mounting has a maximum capacity of 20 ballistic rounds or 10 extended-range rounds (such as ERGM or BTERM). Ballistic and extended-range rounds can be mixed in the drum.
The Arleigh Burke class ammunition magazine takes approximately 16 hours to be loaded out with 680 ballistic projectiles and associated propelling charges during at-sea replenishments. This assumes favorable weather conditions and calm seas.
The addition of extended range guided munitions such as ERGM or BTERM will require a manual magazine reconfiguration to accommodate the specific mix of ammunition provided. These guided munitions will also require additional load cycles because only 16 of these guided rounds will fit on a standard pallet versus 48 conventional ballistic rounds.
The introduction of higher energy, hotter burning propellant for ERGM will reduce the expected gun barrel life. The threshold wear life of the Mark 45 Mod 4 gun barrel for ERGM is 1,500 rounds with an objective of 3,000 rounds. This is compared with the current 5″/54 (12.7 cm) Mark 45 barrel wear life in excess of 8,000 rounds for ballistic ammunition fired with standard NACO propellants. Extended range ammunition such as BTERM that use a “boost to range” concept can be fired using cooler burning propellants such as NACO and therefore will not adversely affect barrel life.
The Mark 67 cartridge uses standard NACO propellant.The EX-167 extended-range guided munitions (ERGM) propelling charge uses EX-99 propellant.
Most conventional rounds have a burster of about 7.75 lbs. (3.52 kg). The ERGM has a burster of 7.2 lbs. (3.3 kg) PBXN-9 explosive.BTERM has a fragmenting warhead made up of 9.9 lbs. (4.5 kg) preformed tungsten fragments plus 7.6 lbs. (3.4 kg) of explosives.
The rocket engine on ERGM burns for 7 seconds. The rocket engine on BTERM provides 20 seconds of burn time.
|Designation||Single Mounting: Mark 45 Mod 4USA
Arleigh Burke (1)
Ticonderoga (Flight II) (2)
Republic of Korea
Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin (1) and Sejongdaewang-Ham (1)
|Weight||Mounting without lower hoist: 50,456 lbs. (22,886 kg) [est.]Mounting with four-flight lower hoist: 54,398 lbs. (24,674 kg) [est.]|
|Elevation||-15 / +65 degrees|
|Elevation Rate||20 degrees per second|
|Train||+170 / -170 degrees|
|Train Rate||30 degrees per second|
|Gun recoil(see Note 3)||19 to 21 in (48 to 53 cm)|
In general, the design of the Mark 45 Mod 4 mounting is similar to the original Mark 45mounting and they share many of the same components.
The Mark 45 Mod 4 mounting has a reduced radar signature as compared to the original Mark 45 mounting.
The recoil distances given above are nominal values when firing a conventional projectile with a standard service charge at elevations between 30 and 40 degrees. When fired with a proof charge at max elevation, recoil is about 23 inches (58 cm). If the heavier BTERM or ERGM projectiles are fired at max elevation and at proof pressure, then the gun will recoil about 29.25 inches (74 cm). The absolute, metal-to-metal recoil distance is 30 inches (76.2 cm).
This mounting requires 440 VAC, 60 Hz, 164.35 KW Peak.
Manning is Gun Captain, Panel Operator and four ammunition operators, all below deck.
Smaller guns include two Phalanx CIWS, two 30mm DS30M Mark 2 Automated Small Calibre Guns and a number of miniguns and general-purpose machine guns.
Two Phalanx CIWS
|Weight of Complete Round||Mark 149: 0.58 lbs. (0.263 kg)
Mark 244: N/A
|Projectile Types and Weights
(see Note 2)
|APDS Mark 149 – 0.22 lbs. (0.10 kg)
APDS Mark149-2 – 0.22 lbs. (0.10 kg)
APDS Mark 149-4 – 0.22 lbs. (0.10 kg)
APDS ELC Mark 244-0 – 0.33 lbs. (0.15 kg)
|Bursting Charge||N/A – Solid Tungsten Penetrator|
|Projectile Length||6.62 in (16.8 cm)|
|Cartridge||20 x 102 mm|
|Muzzle Velocity||Mark 149: 3,650 fps (1,113 mps)|
|Approximate Barrel Life||N/A|
|Ammunition stowage per gun||Block 0: 989 rounds per magazine
Block 1: 1,550 rounds per magazine
30mm DS30M Mark 2
Two 30mm DS30M Mark 2 Automated Small Calibre Guns
|Designation||30 mm Bushmaster II|
|Ship Class Used On||USN
San Antonio LPD-17
EFV (Armored Fighting Vehicle for the US Marines)Britain
Type 23 Frigates
|Date Of Design||about 1997|
|Date In Service||2004 (planned)|
|Gun Weight||341 lbs. (154.6 kg)|
|Gun Length oa||134.05 in (3.405 m)|
|Rate Of Fire||250 rounds per minute cyclic|
Weapon may be set to fire in single shot, 5 round burst or fully automatic modes.
Miniguns and general-purpose machine guns
A number of miniguns and general-purpose machine guns
The propulsion system of the RN ships will have a gas turbine direct drive and four high speed diesel generators driving two electric motors in a CODLOG configuration.
The propulsion and power configuration is COmbined Diesel eLectric Or Gas (CODLOG), sometimes called CODELOG, from Rolls Royce. A CODELOG (Combined Diesel Electric or Gas Turbine) configuration is to be deployed in the Type 26 Global Combat Ship. The diesel gensets supply electric power for on-board systems and for vessel propulsion in cruising mode. The Rolls-Royce gas turbine will be switched in for high-speed propulsion whenever needed. The propulsion concept is ideally suited for the mission profiles of the future combat ships. For naval applications, the MTU gensets have double-resilient mounting systems and are housed within acoustic enclosures. This creates a propulsion system with an extremely low level of acoustic emissions, making the ship very difficult to locate.
Commenting on the contract award, Mark Dannatt, GE Naval Systems Lead said;
Reducing radiated noise from the motor makes it exceptionally quiet, which is obviously very important for naval operations. GE is on the cutting edge with this proven, robust technology. It will allow the Royal Navy to operate more efficiently, cost-effectively and safely. Drawing on our extensive experience over decades in the electrical power conversion systems industry, we are moving to provide the latest in motor and drive technology that is at the forefront of operational efficiency Source: thinkdefence.co.uk
In 2012 Rolls Royce repackaged the MT30 used in the Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers so that it would fit into smaller ships,and it is likely the Type 26 will use the MT30. BAE have suggested that some customers will install gas turbine engines and others will prefer to sacrifice 2-3 knots of speed by choosing cheaper diesel engines. The choice of CODLOG configuration for propulsion is somewhat surprising as it is a simpler version of the CODLAG propulsion used on the Type 23 which this ship is to replace, and both of the Type 26’s design contemporaries – the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier and the Type 45 destroyer – use integrated electric propulsion (IEP).
RF and Infra Red Distraction Decoys
Siren is an advanced decoy system designed to protect ships from missile threats by luring incoming anti-ship missiles away from their target. Launched from a 130mm decoy launcher it uses a two stage parachute system which slows the decoy round down at a pre-programmed time before deploying a second stage parawing, under which the advanced programmable electronic payload descends to detect and counter the missile threat.
The ability of Siren to generate sophisticated jamming waveforms is unique amongst the worlds limited types of naval decoys. The Siren payload contains some of the most up to date RF, digital and analogue electronic circuitry available, enabling the round to quickly detect, identify and track threats to ships. Siren is able to handle multiple threats simultaneously even in dense RF environments.
Mk 251 Siren
In addition to the advanced Mk 251 Siren, the RN Outfit launcher systems can also use RF distraction (chaff) and IR decoys such as the Chemring Mk 216 Mk 1 Mod 1 and Chemring Mk 245 IR. The Royal Navy has replaced the Mk 245 IR round with the Chemring TALOS that uses variable timing and submunitions rather than a single round, called the A2, as in the image below.
Fitted to the Type 45 is the Airborne Systems IDS300 (now called the FDS3) inflatable RF decoy also looks like it will be fitted to Type 26 GCS, the launchers are the horizontal cylindrical devices adjacent to the missile silos.
The FDS3 is a self-inflating octahedral shaped corner reflector that floats on the surface and unlike chaff, is persistent, able to float for 3 hours in sea state 4
Type 23 Frigates are fitted with the Thales Scorpion 2 Radar Electronic Countermeasures system. Taking information from the integrated ESM system it denies enemy forces the use of their radars; aircraft, ship, missiles, fixed or vehicular mounted device
Type 26 GCS imagery suggests a pair of these will be fitted.
As the threat from small UAS increases, systems such as the AUDS C-UAS may well find their way onto future vessels.
NovAtel’s GPS Anti-Jam Technology Selected for Royal Navy’s Type 26 Frigate: Here
NovAtel announced that its GPS Anti-Jam Technology (GAJT) has been selected for the United Kingdom’s Type 26 frigates to meet a requirement as part of a protected navigation system. These vessels are 21st Century warships that will replace the Type 23 Frigate as the workhorse of the British Fleet, undertaking the Royal Navy’s three core roles – warfighting, maritime security and international engagement – on the world stage.
GAJT®-710MS Anti-Jam Antenna
Jamming and interference, whether intentional or unintentional, can seriously degrade GPS position, navigation and time availability – even to the point of total solution denial. Jammers create excessive noise, overpowering the low power GPS signals and saturating the electronics in a GPS receiver front end. Methods are needed to suppress this interference so your GPS receiver continues to operate.
- Affordable protection for GPS position, velocity and time
- Up to 40 dB of additional anti-jamming protection
- Single enclosure system
- Simultaneous GPS L1 and L2 protection
- Adaptive digital nulling
- Low cost anti-jam protection for ships and boats
- Easy to integrate, ideal for retrofitting
- Anti-jam protection in dynamic multi-jammer scenarios
- Compatible with legacy GPS receivers
Low Cost, Small Form Factor
Until now, the high cost and large size of Controlled Reception Pattern Antennas (CRPAs) has limited their use to the largest capital ships while other vessels in the fleet were left vulnerable to GPS interference. The GAJT-710MS from NovAtel combines a CRPA and null forming electronics into a marine hardened enclosure that is suitable for installation on a wide range of marine vessels, from small patrol boats to large carriers.
Patented, Leading Edge Technology
The system uses NovAtel’s patented seven-element Pinwheel® CRPA to receive GPS signals in the L1 and L2 bands. Interference mitigation is achieved by applying proprietary digital beamforming algorithms to the signals, creating dynamic nulls to give protection against narrowband and broadband interference sources. Integration to your GPS receiver is seamless.
How it Works
GAJT mitigates interference by creating nulls in the antenna gain pattern in the direction of jammers, providing significant anti-jam protection even in dynamic multi-jammer scenarios. The output of the GAJT-710MS is a standard Radio Freqency (RF) feed, suitable for input to legacy GPS receivers.
Built For the Future
GAJT protects L1 and L2 GPS signals. The wide bandwidth of the GAJT-710MS ensures future compatibility with M-Code GPS. Source novatel.com
Entering service with the Royal Navy in 2004 and replacing the NIXIE system, the Ultra Electronics Surface Ship Torpedo Defence system provides protection against ship or submarine launched torpedoes, again, it would seem the system will be transferred to Type 26 GCS.
System components are (from Wikipedia);
- an acoustic passive towed array
- a towed acoustic countermeasure (flexible)
- a single-drum winch
- a processing cabinet
- 2 display consoles
- 2 expendable acoustic device launchers (1 port, 1 starboard)
- 16 expendable acoustic devices (8 in each launcher)
The system is also in service with a number of other nations and active torpedo ‘hard kill’ interceptor is in development.
Aircraft and Unmanned Systems
The flight deck will be of sufficient size to handle large helicopters like Merlin and especially, Chinook. Although not an amphibious assault ship, Chinook compatibility is good for all manner of operations that require heavy lift.
The main embarked aircraft for the ASW variant will be the Merlin HM2, the ‘airborne frigate’
The Merlin HM2 will normally be carried by the Type 26 although the naval Wildcat and CHF Merlin may also be used depending on requirements. The HM2 version on the Merlin is an incredibly powerful and sophisticated system that is combined with the numerous capabilities of the Type 23 to create a formidable team, likely to be transferred to Type 26 GCS.
Merlin can launch the Stingray Lightweight Torpedo and can carry a Minigun or M3M machine gun.
Wildcat helicopter: HERE
Wildcat can also launch Stingray and carry GPMG and M3M but will also be able to carry the Sea Venom (replacing Sea Skua) and Martlet missiles. The two-way datalink equipped Sea Venom is for use against small to medium sized combat vessels and Martlet, small craft and RHIB’s.
Sea Venom missile
The Future Anti-Surface Guided Weapon – Anti-Navire Léger (FASGW-ANL), now Sea Venom, is a joint program between France and the United Kingdom to develop helicopter-launched anti-ship missile. The new lightweight weapon will be employed on the Lynx Wildcat, NH90 and Panther helicopters replacing the Sea Skua and AS15TT missiles. The launch of the FASGW-ANL program was announced at DSEI exhibition in London September 2009. The Sea Venom designation was introduced in October 2014. Source deagel.com
Helicopter Landing visual aids and lighting
Helicopter Landing visual aids and lighting will be supplied by AGI Limited including Homing Beacon Lighting, pilot eye line lights, visual approach lights, control systems and the Advanced Stabilised Glide Slope Indicator (ASGSI)
Aircraft and Stores Handling
Ship-borne aircraft handling systems are required to capture, move and restrain different types of aircraft in high sea states and adverse weather.
MacTaggart Scott pioneered helicopter recovery systems.
The deck lock system requires the pilot to hover over a steel grid in order to deploy the locking ‘harpoon’. Once engaged the hydraulic actuator system, from Claverham, pulls the helicopter onto the deck, compressing the oleo leg in conjunction with negative thrust from the rotor. This system can secure the helicopter to the deck without needing any personnel to approach it, an important safety consideration. The deck lock grid is available from a number of manufacturers and widely used.
Additional securing straps are often used and the deck lock released, it is a flexible system and because the actuator sits on the centre of rotation the helicopter can be easily manoeuvred into the most favourable position for subsequent takeoff. The pilot has immediate confirmation that the helicopter is secure and is not reliant on others
Once secured to the deck, a means of transporting to the hangar is required and these fall into two broad types, rail assist and tug. The MacTaggart Scott TRIGON system is used by many operators and makes use of computer controlled steel wire ropes to secure and move helicopters. It uses a series of cables, with the three rail PRISM system specifically on Type 23 for Merlin, this document makes a good case for the all round superiority of TRIGON.
|Type:||Global Combat Ship|
|Displacement:||6,500 t (6,400 long tons; 7,200 short tons), 8,000 t full load|
|Length:||148.5 m (487 ft)|
|Beam:||20 m (66 ft)|
o Rolls-Royce MT30 gas turbine
o Four MTU diesel generators
o Two electric motors
|Speed:||In excess of 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph)|
|Range:||7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)|
|Complement:||118 (accommodation for up to 190)|
|·Type 997 Artisan 3D radar
·Sonar 2087 (towed array sonar)
·Type 2050 bow sonar
|IRVIN-GQ DLF decoys|
·8 × 6-cell CAMM VLS canisters for a total of 48:
·CAMM missiles (range 1-25+ km)
·Possible Sting Ray torpedo system
·2 × 30mm DS30M Mk2 guns
·2 × Phalanx CIWS
·2 × Miniguns
|Aircraft carried:||·1-2 × Lynx Wildcat, armed with;
·4 × anti-ship missiles, or
·2 × anti-submarine torpedoes
·1-2 × Westland Merlin, armed with;
·4 × anti-submarine torpedoes
·1 × Lynx Wildcat and 1 × Westland Merlin
|Aviation facilities:||·Large flight deck
·Accommodation for UAVs
|Notes:||Flexible mission bay 1|
Updated Dec 06, 2017