On April 16 2015, DCNS has started cutting metal for the very first GOWIND 2500 corvette under construction in Lorient, in the presence of high representatives of the Egyptian Navy. This vessel is the first of a series of four units that will be delivered to Egypt before 2019.
The cutting of the first metal sheets for the first GOWIND 2500 corvette built in Lorient symbolises the launch of the ambitious industrial program conducted by DCNS for the Egyptian Navy. It includes the construction of four latest-generation corvettes, both in France and Egypt. The delivery of the first vessel is slated for 2017, i.e., less than four years after the signature of the contract last summer.
In the frame of an international call for tender, DCNS was able to offer the best product at the most attractive cost. The Group was able to comply with the very tight deadlines to adapt the product to the specific needs of this client for the construction of the vessels in France and in Egypt via technology transfer.
The Gowind 2500 multi-mission corvette is designed for surveillance, surface and subsurface combat, protection and escort naval missions
With this contract, DCNS has scored another success for the GOWIND 2500 corvette. The Group had already won a first contract for the Royal Malaysian Navy, which covers the design and construction of six corvettes in Malaysia at the Boustead Naval Shipyard through technology transfer.
The first Egyptian GOWIND 2500 corvette will be built on the DCNS site in Lorient, one of the most modern naval shipyards in Europe. The three following units will be built in Alexandria within the frame of a construction technology transfer agreement.
«This industrial milestone is the concrete output of preliminary work to adapt the vessel to the specific needs of the Egyptian Navy, conducted over the last nine months by the DCNS teams. Today, we have started the construction of the very first GOWIND 2500 corvette, the reference product on the corvette market. We are proud to produce this latest-generation vessel for the Egyptian Navy», declares Bruno Chapeland, director of the Egypt GOWIND program at DCNS.
The Gowind 2500 can also perform presence, maritime surveillance and policing missions against trafficking and piracy
GOWIND 2500 corvette
GOWIND 2500 is DCNS’ response to 21st century defence and security challenges, combining unrivalled stealth features, resilience and high availability at sea with outstanding Anti-Air Warfare (AAW), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and Anti-Surface Ship Warfare (ASuW) performances.
With the Ship Enhanced Tactical information System (SETIS) state-of-the-art Combat System providing the operator with the best management and decision-making aids, GOWIND 2500 ensures supremacy against all conventional and asymmetric threats.
A stealth and multirole combat ship
GOWIND 2500 is a resilient and powerful surface combatant designed to perform complex naval operations as well as low intensity maritime security missions.
Through a 360° sensors coverage and deployable assets, GOWIND 2500 simultaneously detects, tracks and engages multiple airborne, surface as well as submarine threats, providing the best performance in all warfare domains.
GOWIND 2500 offers exceptional stealth capabilities with reduced radiated noise and Radar Cross Section (RCS) significantly improving the tactical advantage compared with other ships of her class.
Integrated operational capabilities
Broad and with excellent seakeeping characteristics, GOWIND 2500 operates an organic 10 t class helicopter, which extends the vessel’s warfare capabilities far beyond the horizon.
GOWIND 2500 is fitted with SETIS, DCNS’ integrated Combat System to counter multiple, multidomain attacks and threats:
- long range coordinated surface engagement;
- point air defence;
- submarine deterrence and tracking;
- gradual asymmetric engagement;
- shared accurate tactical picture through;
- interoperable data links.
1. 3D Radar;
2. Electronic Support Measures (ESM) suite;
3. Hull mounted sonar;
4. Variable depth sonar;
5. Fire control system;
6. Vertical launching system (16 cells);
7. Main gun (57- up to 76-mm);
8. 8 Surface-to-surface missiles;
9. Short range gun system;
10. Torpedo launching system;
11. Decoy launching system;
12. Helicopter (10 t) and Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) facilities;
13. Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIBs).
Built to address current and emerging threats, GOWIND 2500 integrates the latest technologies. Unmanned Aerial Systems such as Airbus Defence and Space Tanan extend the ship’s action range and therefore the tactical advantage.
To improve interoperability during joint or international operations, SETIS also integrates additional command support modules as well as collaborative planning tools.
Resilient and sea proven, SETIS provides a high level of reliability with rapid reconfiguration protocols and back-up modes to return to full operational capability even in case of combat damage.
Mission modules will be integrated on board future GOWIND configurations making the ship even more flexible and adaptable to emerging operational requirements.
Forward-thinking GOWIND development plans also include innovative close-in defence systems integrated into the NextGen Combat Information Centre (CIC) and Combat Bridge.
SETIS’s intuitive Man-Machine Interface (MMI) and integrated command aids improve the crew’s ability to synthetise numerous data and react quickly in extreme and rapidly changing conditions, therefore maximizing the tactical advantage against any kind of threats.
SETIS functionally integrates UAS allowing real time control and data fusion for expanded detection and response capabilities.
The radar and other sensors are mounted on a single central mast thus allowing 360° view
|Length||102 m/334.6 feet|
|Beam||16 m/52.5 feet|
|Draft||5.4 m/17.7 feet|
|Propulsion||Combined diesel and electric|
|Speed||25+ knots/29+ mph/46 km/h|
|Range||3,700 NM/6,852 km at 15 knots/ 17 mph/28 km/h|
|Crew (+ Pax)||65 (+15)|
Egypt splits construction
The second Gowind 2500 sale is to Egypt, and is the first time that country has procured French naval ships. The order was negotiated very quickly, and as the Egyptian navy has an urgent need for the vessels the lead ship will be built by DCNS in France while Egypt modernizes the military shipyard which will build the following three ships, with technical transfer and assistance provided by DCNS.
At 102 meters, the Egyptian Gowinds are slightly shorter than Malaysia’s, and since they will also be used for mine countermeasures, they will have a hybrid power plant combining electric motors and two 20-cylinder MTU diesels.
The French-built ship is due to be launched in 2017, and the upgrade of the Egyptian shipyard began in July, at the same time as the procurement contract, worth a little less than 1 billion euros, was signed. It also includes options on additional ships.
Separately, MBDA is negotiating a contract to equip the ships with MICA Vertical Launch air-defense missiles and MM-40 Exocet anti-ship missiles, together worth an additional 400 million euros, while DCNS is negotiating a 100-200 million euro contract for torpedoes.
(SETIS) state-of-the-art Combat System
Ship Enhanced Tactical information System (SETIS) state-of-the-art Combat System
Unmanned Aerial Systems
Unmanned Aerial Systems such as Airbus Defence and Space Tanan extend the ship’s action range and therefore the tactical advantage.
Hybrid power plant
Example of hybrid power plant combining electric motors (Source:maritimepropulsion.com)
MICA Vertical Launch air-defense missiles
The VL MICA is a weapon system with an unmatched self-defence and local area defence capability for a wide range of surface combatant vessels VL MICA is available with two state-of-the-art seekers (IR or RF).
It can counter the most severe IRCM-ECM scenarios with a very high kill probability.
VL MICA offers a real multiple target capability (autonomous guidance, extremely short reaction time) and all target capability (aircraft, missiles, PGMs, smart bombs and helicopters) with low training costs and reduced manpower requirements.
VL MICA is integrated to the ship combat system, which provides target designation data from existing air defence sensors. No dedicated fire control system is needed (neither illuminator nor radar tracker).
The missile is launched from an individual storage container (no additional VLS), providing 360° engagement coverage and maintaining ship stealth and stability. The system compactness and modularity enable installation on a wide range of warships for new built or refit.
The VL MICA has already been procured by several navies all over the world. Source mbda-systems.com
Mica SAM naval version
MBDA VL Mica SAM naval version, VL MICA-M, fired from a ship-fitted vertical launch system. It is fitted with a thrust vector control (TVC) system. While the VL MICA has an advertised range of 20 km, aerodynamic performance is significantly degraded at those ranges. From 0 to 7 km MICA has maneuverability of 50g, however by 12 km this is reduced to 30g as energy is lost.
MBDA Missile Systems
Example MBDA Missile Systems
Exocet MM40 Block 3
MM-40 Block III Exocet SSM. It has an improved range—in excess of 180 kilometres (97 nautical miles)—through the use of a turbojet engine, and includes four air intakes to provide a continuous airflow to the power plant during high-G manoeuvers.
The MM40 Block 3 missile, complete with a Microturbo TRI 40 turbojet engine, began development 2004 and was first tested from a ship in 2010. Improvements to the MM40 Block 3 include internal navigation and GPS upgrades. These updates, combined with a frequency modulated continuous wave radar altimeter, allows for control of the missile’s altitude over various types of terrain. This missile is armed with a 160 kg high explosive/semi-armour piercing warhead and an active radar terminal seeker 9 Additional upgrades include increased evasive capabilities such as the ability to make a 180 degree turn post-launch, allowing the MM40 to evade defense missile systems. These upgraded missiles will be both ship- and ground-launched and will be deployed first onto Forbin (Horizon)-class destroyers and then to La Fayette-class frigates.
Originated From: France
Possessed By: Numerous (see table below)
Class: Anti-ship Cruise Missile
Length: 4.69- 5.95 m
Diameter: 350 mm
Launch Weight: 655-870 kg
Payload: Single warhead
Warhead: 165 kg HE fragmentation or semi-armor piercing
Propulsion: Solid fueled (MM40 Block 3 uses a Microturbo TRI 40 turbojet)
Range: 40-180 km
In Service: 1975
|Variant||MM40||MM40 Block 2||MM40 Block 3|
|Basing||Ship-, Ground-launched||Ship-, Ground-launched||Ship-, Ground-launched|
|Range||70 km||70 km||180 km|
|Warhead||165 kg HE frag.||165 kg HE frag.||160 kg HE frag.|
|Users||Argentina, Bahrain, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Colombia, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Iraq, Ivory Coast, South Korea, Kuwait, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Uruguay||Brazil, Greece, Indonesia, Malaysia, Morocco, South Africa||Greece, Indonesia, Morocco, UAE, Vietnam|
Main gun (57- up to 76-mm)
Image: Main gun 76-mm
Caliber: 3 inches / 76,2 mm
Barrel lenght: 186 inches / 4,72 meters (= 62 caliber)
Weight: 7900kg, empty (Super Rapid)
Shell: 76 x 900 mm / 12,34 kilograms
Elevation: – 15° to + 85°
Rate of fire: Compact: 85 rpm / Super Rapid: selectable from single shot up to 120 rpm
Muzzle Velocity: 925 m/s (1100 m/s – DART)
Magazine: Compact: 80 rounds / SR: 85 rounds
16 kilometers with standard ammunition
20 km with extended range ammunition
up to 40 km with VULCANO ammunition
– HE (high explosive) – 6,296kg / Range 16km / effective range 8km (4km vs. air targets at elev. 85°)
– MOM (multi-role OTO munition)
– PFF (pre-formed fragmentation) – anti-missile ammunition
– SAPOM (semi-armored piercing OTO munition) – 6,35kg / Range 16km
– SAPOMER (semi-armored piercing OTO munition, extended range) – Range 20km
– DART (driven ammunition reduced time of flight) – sub-calibre guided ammunition against multiple targets
(missiles and maneuvering targets at sea) 4,2kg in barrel / 3,5kg in flight / 660mm lenght / effective range >8km
– VULCANO (76mm unguided and guided extended range ammunition) – under development