The Airbus Helicopters Tiger, formerly known as the Eurocopter Tiger, is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters), the successor company to Aérospatiale’s and DASA’s respective helicopter divisions, which designate it as the EC665. In Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.
The Tiger has the distinction of being the first all-composite helicopter developed in Europe; even the earliest models also incorporate other advanced features such as a glass cockpit, stealth technology and high agility to increase its survivability. Improved variants have since entered service, outfitted with more powerful engines and compatible with a wider range of weapons.
The Tiger has a tandem-seat ‘glass cockpit’ and is operated by a two-man crew; the pilot is placed in the forward position, with the gunner seated behind. Either of the crew members can manage the weapon systems or the primary flight controls, switching roles if necessitated; in addition to flying the aircraft, the Tiger’s pilot would typically be in control of the self-defence systems and communications, as well as some secondary weapons functions. While some of the weapons use dedicated control interfaces, such as the anti-tank Trigat missile, air-to-air weapons can be managed via controls on both sets of collective and cyclic sticks.
Image – Copyright © Flugzeuglexikon von Wolfgang Bredow – Berlin, Spandau
The protection systems employed on the Tiger includes stealth; aspects such as the visual, radar, infra-red and acoustic signatures have been minimised to better evade threats that may be present upon the battlefield. According to Andrew Warner, the Tiger’s survivability “relies on stealth and agility”. The fuselage is armoured and was developed to withstand small arms fire and 23 mm (0.91 in) cannon rounds. The helicopter has various radar/laser warning and missile-approach detection systems, including EADS’s AN/AAR-60 MILDS (Missile Launch Detection System), as well as flares and chaff dispensers.
EADS’s AN/AAR-60 MILDS (Missile Launch Detection System)
Perhaps the most significant single avionics system fitted upon the Tiger is the mast-mounted Osiris sight/sensor; this incorporates optical TV and thermal cameras, a laser range finder/tracker/designator, and multiple gyroscopes for stabilisation.
Image @bredow-web.de – Copyright © Flugzeuglexikon von Wolfgang Bredow – Berlin, Spandau
The Osiris mast-mounted sight for a helicopter is produced by SAGEM (formerly SFIM Industries) and was designed for both HOT and TRIGAT missiles. The Osiris electro-optical acquisition system provides passive detection, recognition and identification of the target. The mast-mounted sight is equipped with an IR CCD thermal imager and a CCD television camera on a gyrostabilised platform. Source @army-technology.com
A full range of sensors:
- visible and/or near infrared CCD TV camera
- passive 3-5 or 8-12um thermal imagers
- laser pointer
- laser designator or illuminator
- laser spot tracker
A range of optronic sights:
- Strix sight
- HAP EC665 Tiger helicopters
- HAD EC665 Tiger helicopters
- Strix HA sight (laser designator)
- ARH Tiger helicopters (army reconnaissance)
- Osiris sight
- multi-role UHT helicopters
- Viviane sights
- SA342 Gazelle helicopters (anti-tank)
Sagem also produces sights and gyrostabilized optronic pods, qualified on Eurocopter AS532 Cougar, EC725 Caracal, NH90, AS565 Panther and Denel AH-2 Rooivalk.
Osiris performs as the main sensor for target observation and acquisition, providing firing and targeting data via the weapons computer; Osiris also enables entirely passive target acquisition to be undertaken and was developed to maximise the capabilities of the Trigat anti-tank missile developed in parallel to the Tiger itself. An alternative optical system to Osiris is mounted on the aircraft’s roof upon some variants.
Specifications (Tiger HAP)
Data from Wilson, McGowen
- Crew:Two: pilot and weapon systems officer
- Length:08 m fuselage (46 ft 2 in)
- Rotor diameter:00 m (42 ft 8 in)
- Height:83 m (12 ft 7 in)
- Disc area:133 m² (1,430 ft²)
- Empty weight:3,060 kg (6,750 lb)
- Loaded weight:5,090 kg (11,311 lb)
- takeoff weight:6,000 kg (13,000 lb))
- Powerplant:2 × MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshafts, 958 kW (1.303 shp) each
- Internal fuel capacity:1,080 kg (2,380 lb)
MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshafts, 958 kW (1.303 shp) eachMTR 390 @deagel.comImage @bredow-web.de -Copyright © Flugzeuglexikon von Wolfgang Bredow – Berlin, Spandau
Max. continuous power
- Maximum speed:290 km/h with mast, 315 km/h without mast (157 knots, 181 mph with mast, 170 knots or 196 mph without mast)
- Range:800 km (430 nm, 500 mi) combat (with external tanks in the inboard stations: 1,300km)
- Service ceiling:4,000 m (13,000 ft)
- Rate of climb:7 m/s (2,105 ft/min)
- Power/mass:23 hp/lb (0.38 kW/kg)
- 1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 cannon in chain turret, with up to 450 rounds.
30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 M781 cannon in chain turret muzzle velocity is 810 m/s (2. 657 ft/s) with a rate of fire of 750 rounds per minute.
On each of its two inner hardpoints and two outer hardpoints the Eurocopter Tiger can carry a combination of the following weapons:
- Inner hardpoints:
- Outer hardpoints:
Laser-guided Rocket For the French Army: Details
TDA has developed and conducted live firings with a new-generation rocket launcher for the latest generations of combat aircraft such as the Rafale from DASSAULT AVIATION.
The TELSON 12 JF (Jet Fighter) rocket-launcher is designed for induction-activated rockets and is ideally suited to close air support missions.
The future Induction Laser Guided Rocket (ILGR) will provide a precision strike capability out to 10,000 metres, beyond the range of the most common MANPADS threats. Source @tda-armements.com
MBDA and Roketsan will integrate Cirit rockets to the Tiger UHT helicopters: Details
Roketsan’s Cirit 70mm laser-guided rocket20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pods and FIM-92 Stinger air-to-air missilesAGM-114 Hellfire missiles (right) air-to-ground missile developed primarily for the anti-armour. Each Hellfire weighs 45.4kg-49kg including an 8kg-9kg multipurpose warhead. It has 8km (LOAL, high trajectory), 7.1km (LOAL, low / direct trajectory) and 11km (UAS: LOAL, high trajectory) range depending on the trajectory.Spike-ER missiles and unguided rockets in a pod Rafael, based in Haifa, Israel, manufactures the Spike family of anti-armour weapons. The weapons are lightweight fire-and-forget anti-tank missiles and use electro-optical and fibre-optic technologies (formerly known as NTD Dandy) with a range of 8,000mPARS 3 LR missiles (TRIGAT LR) The operating range is given as 500m to 5,000m, but the range is extendible to 7,000m. Salvo firing provides a firing rate of up to four missiles in eight seconds.
TRIGAT LR is a third-generation anti-tank missile
TRIGAT LR is a third-generation anti-tank missile for long-range applications. The missile is also known as PARS-3 (panzerabwehr rakensystem 3) in Germany and AC 3G (antichar de 3e generation) in France. The missile is integrated on the Eurocopter Tiger helicopter developed for the French and German armies.
TRIGAT is a European programme involving France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Both long-range and medium-range TRIGAT use thrust vector control for high agility in flight and precision targeting. The operating range is given as 500m to 5,000m, but the range is extendible to 7,000m. Salvo firing provides a firing rate of up to four missiles in eight seconds.
TRIGAT LR can be applied in direct attack or terminal dive modes. The system is equipped with a tandem shaped charge warhead for high lethality against modern reactive armour. A proximity charge detonates at an optimum distance from the target.
The dimensions of the TRIGAT LR missile are approximately length 1,500cm x body diameter 15cm. The missile weighs 49kg. Source @army-technology.com
HOT 3 is a long-range anti-tank weapon system tube-launched, wire-guided missile has a 6.5kg tandem charge warhead which is effective against explosive reactive armour (ERA), penetrating up to 1,300mm range of the missile is from 75m to 4,000m
Estimated cost: USD 45 million (wiki)
Source: miltechmag.com, deagel.com, army-technology.com, wiki
Updated Sep 03, 2016
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