The Airbus Helicopters Tiger, formerly known as the Eurocopter Tiger, is a four-bladed, twin-engined attack helicopter which first entered service in 2003. It is manufactured by Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters), the successor company to Aérospatiale’s and DASA’s respective helicopter divisions, which designate it as the EC665. In Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.
The Tiger has the distinction of being the first all-composite helicopter developed in Europe; even the earliest models also incorporate other advanced features such as a glass cockpit, stealth technology and high agility to increase its survivability. Improved variants have since entered service, outfitted with more powerful engines and compatible with a wider range of weapons.
The Tiger has a tandem-seat ‘glass cockpit’ and is operated by a two-man crew; the pilot is placed in the forward position, with the gunner seated behind. Either of the crew members can manage the weapon systems or the primary flight controls, switching roles if necessitated; in addition to flying the aircraft, the Tiger’s pilot would typically be in control of the self-defence systems and communications, as well as some secondary weapons functions. While some of the weapons use dedicated control interfaces, such as the anti-tank Trigat missile, air-to-air weapons can be managed via controls on both sets of collective and cyclic sticks.
Image – Copyright © Flugzeuglexikon von Wolfgang Bredow – Berlin, Spandau
The protection systems employed on the Tiger includes stealth; aspects such as the visual, radar, infra-red and acoustic signatures have been minimised to better evade threats that may be present upon the battlefield. According to Andrew Warner, the Tiger’s survivability “relies on stealth and agility”. The fuselage is armoured and was developed to withstand small arms fire and 23 mm (0.91 in) cannon rounds. The helicopter has various radar/laser warning and missile-approach detection systems, including EADS’s AN/AAR-60 MILDS (Missile Launch Detection System), as well as flares and chaff dispensers.
EADS’s AN/AAR-60 MILDS (Missile Launch Detection System)
EADS’s AN/AAR-60 MILDS (Missile Launch Detection System)
Perhaps the most significant single avionics system fitted upon the Tiger is the mast-mounted Osiris sight/sensor; this incorporates optical TV and thermal cameras, a laser range finder/tracker/designator, and multiple gyroscopes for stabilisation.
Image @bredow-web.de – Copyright © Flugzeuglexikon von Wolfgang Bredow – Berlin, Spandau
The Osiris mast-mounted sight for a helicopter is produced by SAGEM (formerly SFIM Industries) and was designed for both HOT and TRIGAT missiles. The Osiris electro-optical acquisition system provides passive detection, recognition and identification of the target. The mast-mounted sight is equipped with an IR CCD thermal imager and a CCD television camera on a gyrostabilised platform. Source army-technology.com
A full range of sensors:
- visible and/or near infrared CCD TV camera
- passive 3-5 or 8-12um thermal imagers
- laser pointer
- laser designator or illuminator
- laser spot tracker
A range of optronic sights:
- Strix sight
- HAP EC665 Tiger helicopters
- HAD EC665 Tiger helicopters
- Strix HA sight (laser designator)
- ARH Tiger helicopters (army reconnaissance)
- Osiris sight
- multi-role UHT helicopters
- Viviane sights
- SA342 Gazelle helicopters (anti-tank)
Sagem also produces sights and gyrostabilized optronic pods, qualified on Eurocopter AS532 Cougar, EC725 Caracal, NH90, AS565 Panther and Denel AH-2 Rooivalk.
France to upgrade Tiger HAD to Mark II version
GRAM-S MILITARY GPS RECEIVER
GRAM-S SEM-E architecture 24 channel continuous tracking on L1 & L2 frequency; C/A-, P-, and Y-Code. Designed in accordance with the GPS “Receiver Application Module Guidelines” (GRAM-S). PPS operation handled by US JPO approved Selective Availability AntiSpoofing Module (SAASM). Able to operate either as a stand-alone or aided receiver for better A-J performances. Roadmaps include GPS M code and Galileo PRS.
Anti-Jam Thales patented Anti-Jam non-linear measurement processing and hybridisation techniques provide additional Anti-Jam benefits, that surpass conventional tight or ultra-tight coupling. Fast Y code acquisition is achieved in the most severe jamming environment, using multi-correlation algorithms that can perform up to 2,000,000 signal detection each second using more than 12,000 Time/Frequency correlators. Full details: Here
Osiris performs as the main sensor for target observation and acquisition, providing firing and targeting data via the weapons computer; Osiris also enables entirely passive target acquisition to be undertaken and was developed to maximise the capabilities of the Trigat anti-tank missile developed in parallel to the Tiger itself. An alternative optical system to Osiris is mounted on the aircraft’s roof upon some variants.
France Orders More Tigers, Plans $41.6B Budget Increase: Here
Specifications (Tiger HAP)
Data from Wilson, McGowen
- Crew:Two: pilot and weapon systems officer
- Length:08 m fuselage (46 ft 2 in)
- Rotor diameter:00 m (42 ft 8 in)
- Height:83 m (12 ft 7 in)
- Disc area:133 m² (1,430 ft²)
- Empty weight:3,060 kg (6,750 lb)
- Loaded weight:5,090 kg (11,311 lb)
- takeoff weight:6,000 kg (13,000 lb))
- Powerplant:2 × MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshafts, 958 kW (1.303 shp) each
- Internal fuel capacity:1,080 kg (2,380 lb)
2 x MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390E turboshafts
MTR 390 @deagel.com
The MTR390 engine was developed jointly by Rolls Royce, Turbomeca and MTU to meet the high performance requirements of the Eurocopter’s Tiger multipurpose combat helicopter. The turboshaft engine family develops between 1,200 to 1,800 shaft horse power (shp). The engine consists of three modules with ECMU (Engine Control and Monitoring Unit). The MTR390 is suitable for civil and military uses having low ownership costs, low fuel consumption, low acceleration and simple maintenance. As of March 2011, more than 300 engines have been produced logging more than 33,000 flight hours.
The MTR390-E is a more powerful version of the MTR390 engine launched on December 8, 2005, to power the Tiger HAD multipurpose combat helicopter. The new engine is optimized for operations in hot and high environments. The Spanish Army is the launch customer for the engine with 55 units on order to power its 24 Tiger HADs. France and Germany are also expected to order the enhanced engine.
MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce MTR390 turboshafts, 958 kW (1.303 shp) each
Height: 682 millimeter (26.9 inch)
Length: 1,078 millimeter (42 inch)
Width: 442 millimeter (17.4 inch)
Emergency Power: 1,773 shp (1,323 kW)
Max Continuous Power: 1,341 shp (1,000 kW)
Max Power at TakeOff: 1,467 shp (1,094 kW)
OEI 2 min: 1,570 shp (1,171 kW)
OEI Continuous: 1,467 shp (1,094 kW)
MTR390-E data deagel.com
- Maximum speed:290 km/h with mast, 315 km/h without mast (157 knots, 181 mph with mast, 170 knots or 196 mph without mast)
- Range:800 km (430 nm, 500 mi) combat (with external tanks in the inboard stations: 1,300km)
- Service ceiling:4,000 m (13,000 ft)
- Rate of climb:7 m/s (2,105 ft/min)
- Power/mass:23 hp/lb (0.38 kW/kg)
- 1× 30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 cannon in chain turret, with up to 450 rounds.
GIAT 30 mm cannon in chain turret
30 mm (1.18 in) GIAT 30 M781 cannon in chain turret muzzle velocity is 810 m/s (2. 657 ft/s) with a rate of fire of 750 rounds per minute.
On each of its two inner hardpoints and two outer hardpoints the Eurocopter Tiger can carry a combination of the following weapons:
- Inner hardpoints:
- 1x 20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pods, or
- 22x 68 mm (2.68 in) SNEB unguided rockets in a pod, or
- 19x 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 unguided rockets in a pod or
- 4x AGM-114 Hellfire missiles (Australia/France) or
- 4x Spike-ER missiles (Spain) or
- 4x PARS 3 LR missiles (Germany) or
- 4x HOT3 missiles (Germany)
- Outer hardpoints:
Laser-guided Rocket For the French Army: Details
TDA has developed and conducted live firings with a new-generation rocket launcher for the latest generations of combat aircraft such as the Rafale from DASSAULT AVIATION.
The TELSON 12 JF (Jet Fighter) rocket-launcher is designed for induction-activated rockets and is ideally suited to close air support missions.
The future Induction Laser Guided Rocket (ILGR) will provide a precision strike capability out to 10,000 metres, beyond the range of the most common MANPADS threats. Source tda-armements.com
MBDA and Roketsan will integrate Cirit rockets to the Tiger UHT helicopters: Details
2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT
Properties of the Product
CİRİT, is a missile with the longest range in its class which provides a superior precision against light, armored/unarmored and stationary/mobile targets as well as being a cost effective solution.
- The 2.75″ Missile with the Longest Range
- Insensitive Munitions (Level V)
- Multi Purpose (Armor Piercing, Anti Personnel and Incendiary) Warhead
- Integration to Various Platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Stationary Platform, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform)
- Standard Mode and Smart Mode Pod Integration
- Not a Guidance Kit, New Generation All-Up Round Missile System
- Composite Propellent Technology with Reduced Smoke
In the Inventory of Turkish Armed Forces
2.75” Laser Guided Missile CİRİT was designed for the purpose of filling the gap between cheap, unguided rockets with low precision and the high cost, guided anti-tank missiles.
CİRİT can be fired from standard CİRİT POD developed by Roketsan and as well as from Smart Pod. Smart Pod increases the capability envelope of CİRİT missile for inventory information exchange through the platform it possess prior to launch.
CİRİT is stored in the canister which facilities loading and unloading.
CİRİT, by means of its aerodynamic shape and composite solid propellant rocket motor, has the longest range in its class, 8 km, as compared to classic 2.75” unguided rockets.
Moreover, CİRİT missile offers options, such as multipurpose warhead (Armor Piercing Anti-personnel and Incendiary) as well as High Explosive warhead.
CİRİT system defined as the official missile system of National Attack Helicopter (T – 129) under development and can be also integrated to various platforms (Helicopter, UAV, Land Vehicle, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platform).
|Diameter||2.75″ (70 mm)|
|Maximum Range||8 km|
|Minimum Range||1,5 km|
|Weight||15 kg (Without tube complete)|
|Propellant Type||HTPB Based, Smokeless, Composite Solid Propellant|
|Warhead Type||Multi Purpose Warhead, Armor Piercing, Personnel, Incendiary|
|Warhead Type||High Explosive Warhead|
|Guidance||Mid – Phase Guidance with MEMS – AÖB|
|Guidance||Terminal Guidance with Semi-Active Laser Seeker|
|Target Types||Light Armored / Unarmored Vehicles, Stationary and Moving Targets, Bunkers|
|Platforms||Helicopters (AH – 1W, T – 129 ATAK etc.), UAV’s, Land Vehicles, Light Assault Aircraft, Naval Platforms and Stationary Platforms|
20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pod & FIM-92 Stinger air-to-air missiles
20 mm (0.787 in) autocannon pods and FIM-92 Stinger air-to-air missiles
AGM-114 Hellfire missiles
AGM-114 Hellfire missiles (right) air-to-ground missile developed primarily for the anti-armour. Each Hellfire weighs 45.4kg-49kg including an 8kg-9kg multipurpose warhead. It has 8km (LOAL, high trajectory), 7.1km (LOAL, low / direct trajectory) and 11km (UAS: LOAL, high trajectory) range depending on the trajectory.
Spike-ER missiles and unguided rockets
Spike-ER missiles and unguided rockets in a pod Rafael, based in Haifa, Israel, manufactures the Spike family of anti-armour weapons. The weapons are lightweight fire-and-forget anti-tank missiles and use electro-optical and fibre-optic technologies (formerly known as NTD Dandy) with a range of 8,000m
PARS 3 LR missiles (TRIGAT LR) The operating range is given as 500m to 5,000m, but the range is extendible to 7,000m. Salvo firing provides a firing rate of up to four missiles in eight seconds.
TRIGAT LR is a third-generation anti-tank missile
TRIGAT LR is a third-generation anti-tank missile for long-range applications. The missile is also known as PARS-3 (panzerabwehr rakensystem 3) in Germany and AC 3G (antichar de 3e generation) in France. The missile is integrated on the Eurocopter Tiger helicopter developed for the French and German armies.
TRIGAT is a European programme involving France, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Both long-range and medium-range TRIGAT use thrust vector control for high agility in flight and precision targeting. The operating range is given as 500m to 5,000m, but the range is extendible to 7,000m. Salvo firing provides a firing rate of up to four missiles in eight seconds.
TRIGAT LR can be applied in direct attack or terminal dive modes. The system is equipped with a tandem shaped charge warhead for high lethality against modern reactive armour. A proximity charge detonates at an optimum distance from the target.
The dimensions of the TRIGAT LR missile are approximately length 1,500cm x body diameter 15cm. The missile weighs 49kg. Source army-technology.com
HOT 3 is a long-range anti-tank weapon system
HOT 3 is a long-range anti-tank weapon system tube-launched, wire-guided missile has a 6.5kg tandem charge warhead which is effective against explosive reactive armour (ERA), penetrating up to 1,300mm range of the missile is from 75m to 4,000m
Estimated cost: USD 45 million (wiki)
Source: miltechmag.com, deagel.com, army-technology.com, wikiwand
Updated Jun 20, 2017
Follow us on FB page “World Military Forum“