Kawasaki C-2 military transport aircraft


Kawasaki XC-2 is an advanced military transport aircraft designed and being manufactured by Japan-based Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI). The aircraft is suitable for military as well as commercial transport. It is being built to meet the requirements of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).

The XC-2 is derived from the Kawasaki C-1 transport aircraft. Approximately 40 XC-2s are scheduled to be manufactured initially.

Kawasaki C-1

1955037Kawasaki C-1 transport aircraft1e80528fImage @bikeya-no-taiyaki.com

Kawasaki has built two prototypes of the XC-2. The maiden flight of the first prototype took place at Kakamigahara in Gifu Prefecture in January 2010. The prototype was delivered to the JASDF in March 2010.

The second prototype completed its maiden flight in January 2011. It was delivered to the JASDF in March 2011.

The aircraft can transport troops, drop supplies and undertake medical evacuation during the day and night, even in hostile environments.


C-X and P-X transport and partol aircraft programmes

The C-X and P-X programme was launched by the Japan Defence Agency (Japan’s Ministry of Defence) in July 2007.

The C-X development aims to replace the ageing C-1 and C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft fleet in the JASDF.

The P-X development is aimed at superseding the P-3C patrol aircraft currently in service with Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).

The programme utilises combined-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology to decrease the development and production cost. It is the first indigenous development programme involving development of two aircraft in a single project.

Design and avionics of the advanced military transport aircraft

The XC-2 has been designed to take-off and land on unprepared airstrips or short runways such as grass, snow and mud. The 43.9m long, 44.4m wide and 14.2m high XC-2 features a high wing monoplane design.

The aircraft has a glassed-in nose, a pressurised flight deck, cargo hold and a rear loading ramp, which can open in-flight.


The aircraft has cockpit panel and windows, a horizontal stabiliser, an auxiliary power unitand anti-collision light and gear control unit.

The tricycle type landing gear includes low pressure tyres and disc brakes. The aircraft can carry 20 A-22 containers or eight 463L pallets in its cargo compartment.


Integration of advanced technologies provides the XC-2 with faster and superior cruise, greater flight range, heavier payload and spacious cargo compartments, compared to the C-1 aircraft.


The avionics suite installed in the XC-2 includes tactical flight management system, in-flight refuelling facility and night vision system. The aircraft is also equipped with an automatic loading and unloading system for handling cargo.


Specifications (C-2)

Data from Japanese MoD, page 4 flightglobal.com

General characteristics

GE CF6-80C2K1F engine

The C-2 is powered by two GE CF6-80C2K1F engines designed and manufactured by General Electric Aviation. Each engine can produce a maximum of 266kN thrust.

It is equipped with a single fan, four-stage low-pressure and 14-stage high-pressure axial compressors, a five-stage low-pressure turbine, a dual-stage high-pressure turbine and an annular combustor.

The engine is 4.26m-long and 2.69m in diameter. The dry weight of the engine varies between 4,300kg and 4,472kg. Source @airforce-technology.com

CF6-80C2K1FGE CF6-80C2K1F, 59,740 lbf (266 kN) each


CF6-6 CF6-50 CF6-80A CF6-80C2 CF6-80E1
Physical Information
Fan/Compressor Stages 1/1/16 1/3/14 1/3/14 1/4/14 1/4/14
Low-Pressure Turbine / High-Pressure Turbine 5/2 4/2 4/2 5/2 5/2
Maximum Diameter (Inches) 57 105 98-106 106 106-114
Length (Inches) 188 183 167 168 168
Power Specifications
Max Power at Sea Level 41,500 51,500-54,000 48,000-50,000 52,200-61,960 65,800-69,800
Overall Pressure Ratio at Max Power 25-25.2 29.2-31.1 27.3-28.4 27.1-31.8 32.4-34.8

Source @geaviation.com


Source: airforce-technology.com, Wiki

Updated Oct 14, 2016

Estimated Cost: USD 136 million (wiki) other sources site USD 80 million

1852320efybyzha25n8u1nbaiyp6592282349_07dc0eb39a_b8f6476d2ec08298cnua2Comparison in cost, range, payload against other transport planes35d9lq9Comparison in size to other transport planesXC-2-kouzokuRange of C-2

Kawasaki website: http://global.kawasaki.com/en/corp/rd/magazine/171/tr02.html

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