Kawasaki XC-2 is an advanced military transport aircraft designed and being manufactured by Japan-based Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI). The aircraft is suitable for military as well as commercial transport. It is being built to meet the requirements of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).
The XC-2 is derived from the Kawasaki C-1 transport aircraft. Approximately 40 XC-2s are scheduled to be manufactured initially.
Kawasaki C-1 transport aircraftImage @bikeya-no-taiyaki.com
Kawasaki has built two prototypes of the XC-2. The maiden flight of the first prototype took place at Kakamigahara in Gifu Prefecture in January 2010. The prototype was delivered to the JASDF in March 2010.
The second prototype completed its maiden flight in January 2011. It was delivered to the JASDF in March 2011.
The aircraft can transport troops, drop supplies and undertake medical evacuation during the day and night, even in hostile environments.
C-X and P-X transport and partol aircraft programmes
The C-X and P-X programme was launched by the Japan Defence Agency (Japan’s Ministry of Defence) in July 2007.
The C-X development aims to replace the ageing C-1 and C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft fleet in the JASDF.
The P-X development is aimed at superseding the P-3C patrol aircraft currently in service with Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF).
The programme utilises combined-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology to decrease the development and production cost. It is the first indigenous development programme involving development of two aircraft in a single project.
Design and avionics of the advanced military transport aircraft
The XC-2 has been designed to take-off and land on unprepared airstrips or short runways such as grass, snow and mud. The 43.9m long, 44.4m wide and 14.2m high XC-2 features a high wing monoplane design.
The aircraft has a glassed-in nose, a pressurised flight deck, cargo hold and a rear loading ramp, which can open in-flight.
The aircraft has cockpit panel and windows, a horizontal stabiliser, an auxiliary power unitand anti-collision light and gear control unit.
The tricycle type landing gear includes low pressure tyres and disc brakes. The aircraft can carry 20 A-22 containers or eight 463L pallets in its cargo compartment.
Integration of advanced technologies provides the XC-2 with faster and superior cruise, greater flight range, heavier payload and spacious cargo compartments, compared to the C-1 aircraft.
The avionics suite installed in the XC-2 includes tactical flight management system, in-flight refuelling facility and night vision system. The aircraft is also equipped with an automatic loading and unloading system for handling cargo.
Data from Japanese MoD, page 4 flightglobal.com
- Crew: 3: 2 pilots, 1 loadmaster
- Payload: 37,600 kg (37.6 tonnes) (84,000 lb)
- Length: 43.9 m (144 ft)
- Wingspan: 44.4 m (145 ft 8 in)
- Height: 14.2 m (46 ft 7 in)
- Empty weight: 60,800 kg (133,920 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 141,400 kg (311,734 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × GE CF6-80C2K1F, 59,740 lbf (266 kN) each
GE CF6-80C2K1F engine
The C-2 is powered by two GE CF6-80C2K1F engines designed and manufactured by General Electric Aviation. Each engine can produce a maximum of 266kN thrust.
It is equipped with a single fan, four-stage low-pressure and 14-stage high-pressure axial compressors, a five-stage low-pressure turbine, a dual-stage high-pressure turbine and an annular combustor.
|Low-Pressure Turbine / High-Pressure Turbine||5/2||4/2||4/2||5/2||5/2|
|Maximum Diameter (Inches)||57||105||98-106||106||106-114|
|Max Power at Sea Level||41,500||51,500-54,000||48,000-50,000||52,200-61,960||65,800-69,800|
|Overall Pressure Ratio at Max Power||25-25.2||29.2-31.1||27.3-28.4||27.1-31.8||32.4-34.8|
- Cruise speed: Mach 0.8 (550 mph, 890 km/h)
- Range: 6500 km (4,039 mi; 3,510 nmi) at 12t payload
- Ferry range: 10,000 km (6,214 mi; 5,400 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 12,200 m (40,000 ft)
Source: airforce-technology.com, Wiki
Updated Oct 14, 2016
Estimated Cost: USD 136 million (wiki) other sources site USD 80 million
Comparison in cost, range, payload against other transport planesComparison in size to other transport planesRange of C-2
Kawasaki website: http://global.kawasaki.com/en/corp/rd/magazine/171/tr02.html