The south African corporation “Advanced Technologies and Engineering” (ATE), is one of those which make modernizations and maintenance, of the Mi-24 helicopters, out of Russia.
In 1999 the ΑΤΕ undertook a contract for the modernization of 40 Mi-24 helicopters on behalf of the Algerian Air Force. The first one was delivered in the same year, with a new code name Super Hind.
Until 2004, the modernized helicopters had completed more than 14000 hours of flight, but already from 2002, the Algerian Air Force, satisfied with the result, proposed a contract for further modernizations to the ATE. Source redstar.gr
The SuperHind is based on the Hind-E airframe. It is fitted with a new integrated navigation and weapons suite, driven by a powerful mission computer. The aircraft controls and systems are unchanged and Mi-24 rated pilots will immediately feel at home, a spokesman for ATE says.
Yet, experience on Russian types is not a prerequisite to fly the Mk III. However unusual, the Mi-24 is a well-equipped and instrumental helicopter with straightforward systems, according to ATE. Several pilots and weapons systems operators have already been converted to the type without any difficulty.
“The originality of the SuperHind mission suite is that is blends harmoniously with the aircraft. The mission computer interfaces with the original aircraft systems which is a major cost saving. The various sights and panels driving the mission equipment merge in the cockpits. The capability to find and destroy all conventional targets by day and night and using NVGs is literally at the crew’s fingertips. Source defense-aerospace.com
Super Hinds are built around core digital systems which integrate flight, sensor and combat systems together. Sensors aboard the Super Hind include a FLIR Pod and TV camera. Sensor data is displayed on tv screens. The Super Hind cockpit is night vision goggle-compatible and features a day/night electro-optical HUD. Doppler GPS enables accurate navigation.
20mm cannon in steerable chain turret with Carl Zeiss Optronics Argos 410-Z
The Super Hind features a stablized sight on the aircraft’s nose which includes a FLIR, laser range finder and tv camera. photo : ATE
The Argos 410 enhances and expands the ability of both platforms to perform long range search and rescue, surveillance, reconnaissance, and other observation missions.
The Argos 410-Z military airborne observation system from Carl Zeiss Optronics (Pty) is a South African development drawing on the experience of its Cumulus and Denel Optronics heritage. The turret system itself and facilities allows the customer to select the exact nature of the sensor fit.
The contracted Argos 410-Z sensor configuration includes the latest generation Carl Zeiss Optronics mid-wave ATTICA thermal imager (FLIR), a 3-CCD daylight TV Camera with powerful Zoom Lens, eye-safe Laser Range Finder, Autotracker, and Mission Awareness Positioning System (MAPS). The MAPS function provides the system operator with GPS coordinates of objects of interest which is achieved by a high accuracy integrated Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU).
The Argos 410-Z is built to military specifications and offers outstanding day and night image quality. At the heart of the system is Carl Zeiss Optronics ATTICA 640×512 thermal imager, known for generating clear, focused images. With its four fields of view and advanced image processing features, including edge enhancement, local adaptive dynamic compression and electronic zoom, it offers exceptional detection, recognition and identification ranges. The high resolution, colour 3 CCD continuous zoom camera is supported by a powerful zoom lens. Source saairforce.co.za
Giat Industries 20 mm M693 (F2)
The Giat Industries 20 mm M693 (F2) is a dual feed cannon which fires standard 20 x 139 mm ammunition.
It is gas operated and the firing mode can be selected for single shots, bursts or safe. The gas system operates via two vents, one on each side of the barrel, through which the propellant gases can push against two pistons. The gun is locked by two swinging locking devices which act as struts between the gun body and the gun block. On firing, the two gas pistons are driven to the rear, moving the struts backwards and so allowing the breech block to move to the rear. In this way all the firing forces are developed along the barrel centreline to keep accuracy constant.
The M693 has three main assemblies: the basic gun or recoil mass; the cradle; and the fire-control unit. The basic gun includes a 7° rifled barrel made of a special nitrided steel and fitted with a muzzle brake. The feed operates on a ratchet and pawl mechanism rotating two side sprockets which can feed ammunition into the gun from both sides, ejecting the spent cases from the same side as the feed in use. This system allows two types of ammunition to be fed into the gun. A further control switch can select the ammunition feed to be used. The linked rounds are fed into the gun from flexible chutes.
The M693 can be fitted with an electric recocking device including a system to indicate the end of its operation, or a hydraulic recocking device.
|Main weapon caliber (mm)||
|Barrel length (calibres)||
|Recoil stroke (mm)||
|Rate of fire (rds/min)||
Giat Industries 20 mm M693 (F2) data army-guide.com
PKT 7.62 mm (Door mounted)
|Length of gun::||1100 mm|
|Theoretical rate of fire:||700-800 rounds/min|
|Combat rate of fire:||250 rounds/min|
|Maximum range:||3800 m|
|Muzzle velocity:||830 m/s|
|Effective range of ground targets:||1000 m|
|Number of cartridges in the belt:||1000 pcs|
|Weight of gun:||10.5 kg|
|Mainly weight:||3.2 kg|
M-240 (FN-MAG) – (Door mounted)
- CALIBER: 7.62x51mm NATO
- OPERATION: Open-bolt
- BARREL LENGTH: 21.7″
- OVERALL LENGTH: 48.5″
- HEIGHT: 11.6″
- RATE OF FIRE: 550 – 650 RPM
- 600m effective range, grazing fire
- 800m effective range, point target
- 900m effective range, tracer burnout
- 1,800m effective range, area target
- 3,725m maximum range
FN Herstal M3M caliber (.50) (Door mounted)
|Designation||0.50″/72 (12.7 mm) M3M FH Herstal MG|
|Ship Class Used On||Rotary-wing aircraft|
|Weight||79.9 lbs. (35.8 kg)|
|Gun Length oa||59.8 in (1.520 m)|
|Barrel length||36 in (0.914 m)|
|Rifling Length||31.5 in (0.800 m)|
|Chamber Volume||1.5 in3 (24.6 cm3)|
|Rate Of Fire||950 – 1,100 rounds per minute cyclic
200 rounds per minute practical
8 x INGWE laser-guided tandem-warhead anti-tank missiles
Denel ZT3 Ingwe
Originally a Kentron product, the Denel ZT3 Ingwe (Afrikaans for “Leopard”) was developed by South Africa’s Project Raleigh, as a complement to the SADF’s ageing MILAN ATGM, and as a successor to that weapon for use on vehicles. It is unmistakably a BGM-71 TOW variant, despite the official claim that it was developed solely in South Africa.
The most interesting twist is that how the technology used in its guidance system could have ended up in the hands of the South African military-industrial complex has never been clarified, but events have shown that it might have been stolen from the US. Soon after the Ingwe was first unveiled in public the US government and defense industry realized it was virtually identical to an experimental variant of the TOW that was undergoing testing in the US at the time — a variant which, at the time, was still a top secret program. How this technology ended up in South Africa is still unexplained by both US and South African authorities, though it is almost certain that espionage was involved.
The Ingwe employs semi-active laser guidance. The target is illuminated by a spot from a laser designator, which the missile actively seeks. This system has the advantages of being invulnerable to radio jamming and/or interference, none of the flight limitations imposed by wire guidance, and the ability of the launch platform to remain completely behind cover without having to expose itself (i.e., the missile may be guided by a laser designator other than the one on the launch platform, such as by troops, a helicopter, a ground vehicle, etc.). It is also possible to “ripple fire” laser-guided missiles; if several are launched in rapid succession, the second one can be directed to a second target after the impact of the first, and so on, until multiple missiles have destroyed multiple targets in rapid succession. However, the recent advent of laser detectors and dazzlers entails that laser guidance is no longer stealthy or safe from jamming.
The effective range of the Ingwe is 5 000 m, which is considerably longer than any wire-guided TOW variant; this is likely resulted from a combination of eliminating the guidance cable, and the installation of a more powerful rocket motor (which was also made possible by eliminating the cable as well, as it limited how fast the missile could fly without damaging the guidance system). The minimum effective range is still quite long, at 250 m. The claimed flight speed is 200 m/sec, which is slightly faster than the average speed of a TOW at 187 m/sec.
Propulsion is by a single-stage, solid fuel rocket motor. The quantity and composition of the fuel is classified, but likely contain organic chemical compounds.
At least three warheads have been developed for the Ingwe. The original ZT3A missile had a shaped charge warhead rated to penetrate 650 mm or RHA Steel, while the improved ZT-3B has a tandem shaped charge warhead that is rated to penetrate 1 000 mm or RHA Steel, after ERA. A new type of warhead unveiled at the IDEX 2013 exposition, dubbed the MPP (Multi Purpose Penetrator) has been developed for use against light armor and material targets (unarmored vehicles, parked aircraft, structures, trucks, etc.), but the MPP has apparently not yet been adopted.
- Missile mass : 28.5 kg
- Missile diameter : 127 mm
- Missile length : 1 750 mm
- Penetration : up to 1 000 mm in RHA (with ERA)
- Range : 250 m to beyond 5 000 m
If the customer’s taste is for Russian armament (although the model has been marketed only with Western weapons), Super Hind can maintain the ability to operate up to 16 anti-tank missiles that can be AT-6 Spiral (9K114 Shturm) with range Of 6 km and guided by radio, or the missile AT-9 Spiral 2 (9M120 Ataka V) with 6 km of distance and guided by radio. The advantage of AT-9 is to be more precise and destructive against armor. Super Hind can also operate on rockets of various calibers, and can operate four UB-32-57 mm PODs, which can be equipped with 32 S-5 57-mm rockets, up to four B-8M1 and B8V20-A PODs, Which can be equipped with up to 20 S-8 Rocket 80-mm rockets and the B-13L POD that can be equipped with up to five 122-mm Rocket S-13 rockets. Super Hind can also be equipped with the S-24B unguided rocket that has a 125 kg warhead and a 3 km range. An interesting fact is that only the pilot can launch rockets because they depend on alignment with the target.
16 x AT-6 Spiral (9K114 Shturm)
General characteristics (AT-6A Spiral)
- Length: 1625 mm
- Wingspan: 360 mm
- Diameter: 130 mm
- Launch weight: 31.4 kg
- Speed: 345 m/s 9M120M 55-500 (medium 350-400).
- Range: 400 m to 5 km (8 of 9M120M, year 2000). 9M120D 10.
- Guidance: Radio command link Semi-automatic command to line of sight
- Warhead: 5.3 kg HEAT 560 mm vs RHA 9M120M 950 mm+ERA vs RHA
16 x T-9 Spiral 2 (9M120 Ataka V)
ATAKA missiles with laser guidance system range of 8,000 m t0 10,000 m. The improved warhead can penetrate over 950 mm of RHA after ERA.
|Diameter||0.130 m body, 0.36 m wingspan|
|Guidance||Radio command guidance|
|Warhead||5.3 kg HEAT warhead, penetration 560 – 600 mm RHA|
|Propulsion||Solid propellant rocket motor|
|Range||400 m minimum, 5 km maximum|
UB-32-57 mm PODs
The S-5 (first designated ARS-57) is a rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force and used by military aircraft against ground area targets. It is in service with the Russian Air Force and various export customers.
It is produced in a variety of subtypes with different warheads, including HEAT anti-armour (S-5K), high-explosive fragmentation (S-5M/MO), smoke, and incendiary rounds. Each rocket is about 1.4 meters (4 ft 6 in) long and weighs about 5 kg (11 lb), depending on warhead and fuze. Range is 3 to 4 kilometres (1.9 to 2.6 miles). Source revolvy.com
The S-13 is a 122 mm calibre unguided rocket weapon developed by the Soviet Air Force for use by military aircraft. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force and some other countries.
The S-13 rocket was developed in the 1970s to meet requirements for a penetrating weapon capable of cratering runways and penetrating hardened aircraft shelters, bunkers and pillboxes, to fill a gap between 80 mm and 240 mm rockets and fulfill a role similar to the 127 mm Zuni rocket. The S-13 is conventional in layout, with a solid rocket motor and folding tail fins that provide stability after launch.
The first trials were in 1973, but it was introduced only in 1983. S-13 rockets are shot from 5-tube launchers B-13L, that can be carried by most of Soviet and Russian attack and new fighter aircraft, like Su-17/20/22,Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, MiG-23BN, MiG-27, MiG-29. B-13L1 launcher is used by helicopters, like Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-28, Ka-29TB, Ka-50, Ka-52.
S-24B unguided rocket
The Soviet Union was an early, enthusiastic user of rocket weapons, employing them as early as the 1930s. The S-24/S-24B is a very large, powerful unguided weapon and one of a handful of successors to the earlier world war II era BETAB-750DS rockets,.
The S-24 is 2.33 metres (7 ft 8 in) long, with a launch weight of 235 kg (520 lb). It has a 123 kg (271 lb) blast-fragmentation warhead. Its range is about 2–3 kilometres (1.2–1.9 mi). The S-24 is carried individually on weapon pylons, rather than in pods. Source wikiwand.com
In what is said to pumps the Super Hind can be equipped with pumps of western origin of the Mk family. 80 being armed with up to eight Mk free fall bombs. 81 of 112kg, 8 pumps Mk.82 of 225 kg, 4 pumps Mk.83 of 450 kg or two pumps Mk.84 of 900 kg, another solution can be the pumps of Russian origin FAB (Fugasnaya aviatsionnaya pump – Russian equivalent to the pumps Of the Mk.80 series) being armed with up to 8 FIB 50UD free fall bombs of 50 kg, 8 FAB 100 of 100 kg, 8 FAB-250M-46 of 250 kg or two of FAB-500M-46 of 500 kg, ( The FAB 2 bombs “Naplm” ZB-500 or 4 “Naplm” ZB-250 incendiary bombs, and a KMGU-2 submunition dispenser. In addition to Hind armament, Hind can also carry under its wings up to 4 external 500 liter tanks (132 Gallons). Translated by google – Source planobrazil.com
Super Hind Variants
Super Hind Mk 2 – combines core avionics package with the standard Mi-24 ‘Hind F’ weapons package.
Super Hind MkII (Mi-24) . First flight: 1999 © K. Panitsidis
Super Hind Mk 3 – adds the core avionics systems together with a dual-feed, turreted, 20mm cannon and INGWE anti-tank missiles. The 20mm cannon can be slaved to the crew’s helmets.
Super Hind MkIII (Mi-24) © Konstantinos Panitsidis
Planned future upgrades include a redesigned fuselage, digital glass cockpit, infra-red exhaust suppressors, sand filters, composite rotor blades, fixed landing gear and a digital autopilot system. These upgrades will result in the MI-24 Super Agile Hind.
Super Hind MkIII (Mi-24), fitted with a protective cover to the exhaust nozzles to reduce signature IR. © Konstantinos PanitsidisSuper Hind MkIII (Mi-24)
The ATE version Mi-24 Super Hind Mk. IV is a development of the MK version. III, and presents considerable improvements over the other models and will be the focus of this matter.
Pilot Mk 3
Gunner Mk 3
The vector is equipped with a complete navigation suite and was designed to have a glasscockpit aimed at reducing the workload on the crew also has a HMD (Helmet Mounted Display) Zh-3YM-1 Schchel-3U system of Russian origin or The French Thales TopOwl system giving a good solution for customers who are not accustomed to Russian defense products. The HMD automatically directs the cannon to where the copilot-gunner is looking and can be equipped with an integrated Night Vision Googles (NVG) and a HUD (Head-Up Display) that provides navigation information that allows the flight Nap-of-the-earth (NOE) with low flight profile following the low altitude, using the masking of the ground, Hiding behind the imperfections of the ground and treetops avoiding detection by enemy radars at a height of 15 meters. Digital autopilot system and GPS navigation . Source planobrazil.com
HMD (Helmet Mounted Display) Zh-3YM-1 Schchel-3U system
French Thales TopOwl system
Thales Avionics TopOwl helmet-mounted sight display (HMSD)- Image: thalesgroup.com
Two Klimov TV3-117V
Klimov TV3-117 turboshaft
The Klimov TV3-117 is a turboshaft engine family intended to provide power to medium rotary-wing aircraft. The engine family provides a maximum power at takeoff between 1,800 and 2,200 shaft-horsepower (shp).
Emergency Power: 2,200 shp (1,641 kW)
Max Power at Cruise: 1,500 shp
Max Power at TakeOff: 2,000 shp (1,492 kW)
Dry Weight: 294 kilogram (648 pound)
MI-24 Super Hind Specifications
|Crew||2 – With Pilot seated above and behind Gunner
+ 2 door gunners (optional)
|MI-24 SUPERHIND FEATURES
|Engines||Two Klimov 1500-hp TV3-117 turboshafts|
|Dimensions||L – 17.51m
W (rotor diameter) – 17.30m
H – 3.97m
|Weights||8200 kg (empty)
26,455 kg (max loudout)
|Max Speed||180 kt (279 kph)|
|Range||1000 km – with external fuel pods|
|Armament||optional replacement of standard Mi-24 weapons:
20mm dual-feed cannon
Source: Gun Copter
Updated Jun 26, 2017
Mi-24 Super Hind guncopter.com