The PAC JF-17 Thunder (Urdu: جے ایف-١٧ گرج), or CAC FC-1 Xiaolong (Fierce Dragon; Chinese: 枭龙; pinyin: Xiāo Lóng), is a lightweight, single-engine, multi-role combat aircraft developed jointly by the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) and theChengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) of China. The JF-17 can be used for aerial reconnaissance, ground attack and aircraft interception. Its designation “JF-17” by Pakistan is short for “Joint Fighter-17”, while the designation and name “FC-1 Xiaolong” by China means “Fighter China-1 Fierce Dragon”.
The JF-17 can deploy diverse ordnance, including air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles, and a 23 mm GSh-23-2 twin-barrelautocannon. Powered by a Guizhou WS-13 or RD-93 afterburning turbofan it has a top speed of Mach 1.6. The JF-17 is to become the backbone of the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), complementing the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon whose performance it roughly matches, at half the cost. The PAF inducted its first JF-17 squadron in February 2010 and five years later 54 units were in service, and 96 units were on order, to be delivered by the end of 2018.
The airframe is of semi-monocoque structure constructed primarily of aluminium alloys. High strength steel and titanium alloys are partially adopted in some critical areas. The airframe is designed for a service life of 4,000 flight hours or 25 years, the first overhaul being due at 1,200 flight hours. Block 2 JF-17s incorporate greater use of composite materials in the airframe to reduce weight.
The mid-mounted wings are of cropped-delta configuration. Near the wing root are the LERX, which generate a vortex that provides extra lift to the wing at high angles of attack encountered during combat manoeuvres. A conventional tri-plane empennage arrangement is incorporated, with all-moving stabilators, single vertical stabiliser, rudder, and twin ventral fins. The flight control surfaces are operated by a computerised flight control system (FCS), which also adjusts the slats/flaps for improved manoeuvrability. Up to 3,629 kg (8,001 lb) of ordnance, equipment, and fuel can be mounted under the hardpoints, two of which are on the wing-tips, four are under the wings and one is under the fuselage.
The man-machine interface of JF-17 Thunder is kept very simple and flexible at the same time too. The cockpit consists of three Multi functional displays (MFDs) supported by a smart Heads Up Display (HUD). The symbology and functionality of the controls is kept very much similar to SAAB’s Gripen aircraft – an aircraft evaluated by PAF in the past. Implementation of HOTAS (Hands On Throttle-And-Stick) is visible in the design. The commonalty of the cockpit helps in decreasing time and training costs thus making a speedy fighter conversion to the aircraft.
JF-17 Thunder cockpitComparision of Saab Gripen cockpitA detailed labeled illustration of JF-17 cockpit.JF-17’s stick with buttons for weapon release (red one), missile override (top right), display management (top-left), countermeasures management (front bottom). Options included on the other side of stick are communication switch, air-to-ground mode selection, trigger, cursor control etc.The right auxiliary control panel includes various types of sensors information including secondary voice communication panel, avionics power management, aircraft data storage and transfer management, cockpit lights management and HUD management options.A labeled picture of JF-17’s Integrated Control Panel (ICP), data entry display and Multi Functional Displays (MFD). JF-17’s cockpit has three 6X8 inch wide MFDs. The information displayed on all these MFDs is interchangeable and pilot can easily switch information among them.A labeled picture of JF-17’s Heads Up Display (HUD). The symbology and functionality of the controls is kept very much similar to SAAB’s Gripen aircraft.A close up of front instrumentation panel that includes Smart Heads Up Display(S-HUD), cockpit audio recorder and Airborne Video Tape Recorder (AVTR). The elevated design of this panel also helps in decreasing the sun flare from entering the cockpit.PK-16LE MK16 ejection seat also has an ejection sequencer, which manages the separation time of ejection seat and parachute of the ejectee pilot. The main features of PL-16LE MK16 are the rearward firing headbox, leg restraints and enhanced cushions. Beneath the seat cushions are the pilot’s survival kit which includes a rescue flares, small boat, medicine, food and some other accessories.
Internal armament comprises one 23 mm (0.91 in) GSh-23-2 twin-barrel cannon mounted under the port side air intake, which can be replaced with a 30 mm (1.2 in) GSh-30-2 twin-barrel cannon
Weapons package of the JF-17 on display at Zhuhai Airshow 2014. Of prominence are C-802AK Anti-Ship missile (first picture – above ), GB-600 Stand-Off-Weapon (SOW) and C-102 Anti-Radiation Missile. CM-102 is a Anti-Radar Missile with range of 100km. It has high hit accuracy and a 80kg warhead. PAF has already inducted the Brazillian origin MAR-1 ARM for its JF-17 fleet.Artistic impression of JF-17 Block-II with in-flight refueling probe. The aircraft is equipped with GBU-12 LGBs and WMD-7 Pod on centerline station with CCS marking.Artistic impression of the JF-17 Block-II formation employing 500kg GB-6 SOW. GB-6 is a 500kg bomb guided with GPS/INS system. It can be used for large-scale ground targets such as vital enemy installations.
JF-17 can carry three external fuel tanks (2x 1100 L under wing and 1X 800 L centerline fuel tank) both Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground role.
The maximum range (3,000km) in a High-High-High mission profile is achieved in the following configuration:
– Stores: 2 x PL-5E II SRAAM + 2 x SD-10A MRAAM + 2 x 1100 L tank + 800 L tank.
The maximum range (1,200km) in a Medium-Low-Low-High mission profile is achieved in the following configuration:
– Stores: 2 x PL-5E II SRAAM + 4 x 250kg bomb + 2 x 1100 L tank + 800 L tank.
JF-17 has a maximum take-off weight 27,336 lb (12,400kg), maximum external stores weight of 8820lbs (4,000kg)
|WMD-7 pod||2.700 m||0.390 m||280 kg|
|C-802A||6.392 m||36 cm||715 kg|
|Ra’ad ALCM||4.85 m||—||1100 kg|
|H-2/4 SOW||3650 mm||38 cm||H-4: 1200 kgH-2: 980 kg (2,160 lb)|
|MK-82 bomb||87.4 inches (2,220 mm)||10.75 inches (273 mm)||227 kg (500 lb)|
|MK-84 bomb||129 in (3280 mm)||18 in (458 mm)||925 kg (2039 lb)|
|LT-3||3.58m||0.38 m||564 kg|
|LS-6 (500 kg)||300mm||377mm||540kg|
|AIM-9L Sidewinder||2850 mm||127mm||85.3kg|
|MAR-1 ARM||4.03 metres (13.2 ft)||0.23 metres (0.75 ft)||274 kilograms (600 lb)|
LS-6 Precision Guided Glide BombC-802 Anti-Shipping MissileMAR-1 Anti Radiation MissileHafr Runway Penetration BombH-2/4 Stand-Off Weapon Ra’ad Air Launched Cruise MissileGBU-12 Laser Guided Bomb and WMD-7 Electro Optic Targeting podThe Divert-less Supersonic Inlets DSI’s relatively small size helps in reducing the radar cross section thus help in decreasing the radar cross section of the aircraft. Safety markings for ground crew are also visible on both sides of the intake.Radar warning receiver (RWR) systems detect the radio emissions of radar systems near the drogue chute
Pakistan wants to upgrade JF-17 fighter with Thales’ Damocles targeting pod: Here
DAMOCLES – Multi-function Targeting pod
Multi-function pod with a laser designation function to provide a day/night smart weapons guidance capability as well as a full suite of sensors for navigation and airto-
air target identification roles.
Currently in service, combat proven and integrated on Mirage 2000, Mirage F1, RAFALE, SEM, SU-30, Tornado and Typhoon.
DAMOCLES – Multi-function Targeting pod @thalesgroup.com
- Compatible with laser guided weapons, INS/GPS guided missiles and imagery-guided weapons
- Attacks in autonomous or cooperative mode, using integrated laser spot tracker and laser marker
- Long range damage assessment capability
- Target recognition capability
- 3D localisation
- Integrated navigation FLIR
- Medium range day/night small targets reconnaissance Air-to-Air
- Day/night visual airborne target identification
- Powerful laser and high resolution imagery provide the aircraft with a stand-off range and tactical ground/air defence system survivability
- Advanced technology featuring state-of-the-art staring array detector effective at long range
- Robust new generation tracking systems
- Superior image processing
- 3rd generation detector
- Spectral band: 3-5 μm
- Field of View:
– Wide FoV: 4° x 3°
– Narrow FoV: 1° x 0.75°
– Electronic magnification: x2
- Wavelength: 1.5 μm
- Wavelength: 1.06 μm
- STANAG 3733
Laser spot tracker
- Wavelength: 1.06 μm
- Wavelength: 0.8 μm
DAMOCLES – Multi-function Targeting pod @thalesgroup.com
The RD-93 is known to produce smoke trails. The Guizhou Aero Engine Group has been developing a new turbofan engine, the WS-13 Taishan, since 2000 to replace the RD-93. It is based on the Klimov RD-33 and incorporates new technologies to boost performance and reliability. A thrust output of 80 to 86.36 kN (17,980 to 19,410 lbf), a lifespan of 2,200 hours, and a thrust-to-weight ratio of 8.7 are expected. An improved version of the WS-13, developing a thrust of around 100 kN (22,000 lbf) (22,450 lb), is also reportedly under development.
JF-17 Thunder has a modified RD-33 engine capable of producing 79-98kN of thrust.Comparison between WS-13 and RD-33
A Chinese radar KLJ-7 has been selected for the initial batch of JF-17s.
KLJ-7 is a multi–function X-band Pulse-Doppler fire control radar. It was developed by Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Technology (NRIET), also known as the China Electronics Technology Company’s (CETC’s) No. 14 Research Institute.
- Frequency: X band
- Operation range (RCS of 5 m2) :
Up-looking detection range >105KM
Down-looking detection range >85km
- Management of up to 40 targets
- Numbers of simultaneously tracked targets: 10
- Simultaneously fire on 2 BVR targets
- Weight: <120 kg
- Meantime between failure: 220 hours
- Meantime to recovery: 0.5 hours
- Guidance for medium/long range missiles.
- All waveform design.
- Air/air, Air/ground, air/sea and navigation functions.
- Compact structure.
- Parasitic IFF antena on radar anetnna array.
- Low sidelobe slotted plane array antenna technique.
- High-speed parallel digitial signal processing.
14 Operational Modes:
- Range While Search (RWS)
- Velocity Search (VS)
- Single Target Track (STT)
- Track While Scan (TWS)
- Dual Target Track (DTT)
- Situational Awareness Mode (SAM)
- Air Combat Mode (ACM)(with five sub-modes)
- Real Beam Map (RBM)
- Doppler Beam Sharpening (DBS)
- Ground Moving Target Indication/Ground Moving Target Track (GMTI/GMTT)
- Air to Ground Ranging (AGR)
- Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
- Sea Single Target Track (SSTT)
- Beacon (BCN)
- Maximum speed: Mach 1.6 (1,217.9 mph; 1,960.1 km/h)
- Combat radius: 1,352 km (840 mi)
- Ferry range: 3,482 km (1,880 NM)
- Service ceiling: 16,920 m (55,500 ft)
- Thrust/weight: 0.95
Block 1 USD 25 million
Block 2 USD 28 million
Source: Wiki and PAF wall papers blog.
Updated Oct 02, 2016